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  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-10-06
    来源: 江西赣中南五校2018届高三上学期第一次联考(7月)英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Before I studied psychology, I used to think that people would laugh when funny things occurred. While I was right about that, I discovered there are lots of other psychological factors that make people laugh other than the funny part of a joke. When someone laughs at a joke, there will usually be more than one reason that makes him laugh—and the more reasons there are, the more powerful the joke will be.

    I was attending a stand-up comedy show in Egypt, and when the man started to make fun of pedestrians crossing streets, everyone laughed their hearts out. The main reason those people strongly laughed was that almost all of them felt angry towards pedestrians who crossed streets carelessly. The joke wasn’t only funny, it also made the audience feel that they were right about being angry at those pedestrians. That is, people were laughing both because of the funny joke and because of the happiness experienced as a result of the psychological support they got.

    The better a joke makes a person feel, and the more it includes other psychological factors, the more the person will like it. For example, if you envy one of your friends, and someone tells a joke that is funny and, at the same time, makes your friend seem stupid, then you will probably laugh at it louder than if you weren’t jealous of him.

    In short, we don’t laugh only when we hear something funny; we also laugh when we experience some kind of happiness that results from the other psychological factors involved in the joke. I strongly discourage making fun of anyone or belittling someone to make someone else laugh. All I want to explain is that if your joke supports a person’s emotions, he will certainly like it a lot.

    32. What did the author find out after studying psychology?

    A. Only good jokes make people laugh

    B. Many factors lead to people laughing.

    C. Funny things can make people laugh

    D. Laughter can make people healthy.

    33. Why did the audience laugh loud at the pedestrians?

    A. They played a trick on the pedestrians.

    B. The pedestrians behaved in a funny way.

    C. They could feel the pedestrians’ happiness.

    D. Their emotion was approved of by the show.

    34. What does the underlined word “belittling” probably mean?

    A. Annoy B. Blame C. Look down on D. Make up to

    35. Which of the following best shows the structure of the passage?

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:阅读理解-其他
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-10-06
    来源: 江西赣中南五校2018届高三上学期第一次联考(7月)英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Stuttering(口吃) is a communication disorder(疾病) generally characterized by unconscious repetitions or pauses in the flow of speech. These repetitions and pauses can bake many forms, such as repetitions of parts of words (“li-li-like this”). Sometimes, there are moments when a sound or a period of silence is lengthened (“llllike this” or “l-ike this”).

    Stuttering can be classified into a number or communication disorders: neurogenic(神经性的) stuttering and psychogenic stuttering are associated with sudden onset (发作) and, as their names imply, with a specific known cause—either a problem in the makeup of the brain or a great psychological challenge. These disorders are comparatively rare and differ in terms of causes, symptoms and treatment from developmental stuttering. Developmental stuttering typically starts between the ages of two and a half and four. The onset of the disorder, which can be gradual or relatively sudden, generally occurs during the period of rapid development in a child’s language skills, motor skills, character, and social interaction.

    The cause of developmental stuttering are not well understood and various theories have been offered throughout the history of speech-language pathology (the study of the causes and effects of illnesses). The roots of stuttering have been believed to relate to a number of causes: emotional problems, neurological problems, improper reactions from caregivers and family members, language planning, and speech motor difficulties among others. These theories have shown the promise of explaining some characteristics of stuttering but no single theory has thoroughly described the experiences of people who stutter.

    Young children who have stuttered for only a short time have a high rate of natural recovery, though it is impossible to determine which children are most likely to recover and which are likely to continue stuttering. Most experts recommend early evaluation and treatment aimed at preventing the development of a chronic(慢性的) communication disorder.

    Speech-language pathologists disagree about which approach is best for older children and adults. Treatment options include training to change speech patterns, turning to doctors to minimize negative reactions, drugs, and electronic tools that improve fluency. Self-help and support groups also play an important role in recovery for many people who stutter. Many people who have taken stuttering treatment programs are able to make positive changes in their speech skills and communication abilities so they can communicate freely.

    29. If a small child begins to stutter, his or her parents should ________.

    A. give their family more time                B. consult a doctor immediately

    C. wait for the child to recover naturally    D. encourage the child to speak fluently

    30. What can we say about the approaches to treatment of stuttering?

    A. They prove to be useless for children.

    B. They are at the experimental stage.

    C. They produce positive effects.

    D. They work against each other.

    31. The main purpose of the text is to ________.

    A. describe recent research on stuttering

    B. show us the classification of stuttering

    C. explain the different forms of stuttering

    D. offer some basic knowledge of stuttering

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:阅读理解-其他
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2017-10-06
    来源: 江西赣中南五校2018届高三上学期第一次联考(7月)英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    In its early history, Chicago had floods frequently, especially in the spring, making the streets so muddy that people, horses, and carts got stuck. An old joke that was popular at the time went something like this: A man is stuck up to his waist in a muddy Chicago street. Asked if he needs help, he replies, "No, thanks. I've got a good horse under me."

    The city planner decided to build an underground drainage (排水) system, but there simply wasn't enough difference between the height of the ground level and the water level. The only two options were to lower the Chicago River or raise the city.

    An engineer named Ellis Chesbrough convinced the city that it had no choice but to build the pipes above ground and then cover them with dirt. This raised the level of the city's streets by as much as 12 feet.

    This of course created a new problem: dirt practically buried the first floors of every building in Chicago. Building owners were faced with a choice: either change the first floors of their buildings into basements, and the second stories into main floors, or hoist the entire buildings to meet the new street level. Small wood-frame buildings could be lifted fairly easily. But what about large, heavy structures like Tremont Hotel, which was a six-story brick building?

    That's where George Pullman came in. He had developed some house-moving skills successfully. To lift a big structure like the Tremont Hotel, Pullman would place thousands of jackscrews (螺旋千斤顶) beneath the building's foundation. One man was assigned to operate each section of roughly 10 jackscrews. At Pullman's sign each man turned his jackscrew the same amount at the same time, thereby raising the building slowly and evenly. Astonishingly, the Tremont Hotel stay open during the entire operation, and many of its guests didn't even notice anything was happening. Some people like to say that every problem has a solution. But in Chicago's early history, every engineering solution seemed to create a new problem. Now that Chicago's waste water was draining efficiently into the Chicago River, the city's next step was to clean the polluted river.

    21. The author mentions the joke to show ______.

    A. horses were fairly useful in Chicago

    B. Chicago's streets were extremely muddy

    C. Chicago was very dangerous in the spring

    D. the Chicago people were particularly humorous

    22. The city planners were convinced by Ellis Chesbrough to_______.

    A. get rid of the street dirt

    B. lower the Chicago River

    C. fight against heavy floods

    D. build the pipes above ground

    23. What can we conclude about the moving operation of the Tremont Hotel?

    A. It went on smoothly as intended.

    B. It interrupted the business of the hotel.

    C. It involved Pullman turning ten jackscrews.

    D. It separated the building from its foundation.

    24. The passage is mainly about the early Chicago's ______.

    A. popular life styles and their influences

    B. environmental disasters and their causes

    C. engineering problems and their solutions

    D. successful businessmen and their achievements

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:阅读理解-其他
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-10-06
    来源: 江西赣中南五校2017-2018学年高二上学期第一次联考(8月)英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

     With all the snow and bitter cold we’ve had this winter, it’s hard to imagine jumping into a large body of water. But not far away, there are plenty of warm places where you can not only splash and swim.

    Snorkel the Philippines 
        On the other side of the world, there are some amazing hidden destinations in the Pacific Ocean that offer diving and swimming. The Coral Triangle is named for its vast variety of corals(
    珊瑚), some 600 different species. And, according to the World Wildlife Fund, the area is home to six of the seven world marine turtle species and more than 2,000 species of fish.

    Buddy Dive Resort Bonaire 
        Often referred to as a diver’s paradise(
    天堂), Bonaire has an average forecast of 82 degrees and sunny year-round. Bonaire is known for “shore diving”, which means you can walk into the water and off you go. There are more than 50 easily accessible dive sites along the west coast. The natural reefs() are full of more than 400 colorful species of fish, sea turtles and coral, as well as several shipwrecks (nowhere else to be seen).

    Plunge the Depths of Palau

    Also in the Western Pacific is the remote island of Palau, an island country also nicknamed “Rainbow’s End” because it’s so far away. You have to fly from Asian areas, like Thailand, India, Vietnam, but it’s worth it. In Palau, divers will find drop-offs, shallow reefs and channels beneath the sea. Reef walls in Palau team with marine life, schools of fish, old growth coral gardens and hidden marine lakes.

    Greg Deaver 
        Talking of Mexico, the island of Cozumel is a premier warm-weather diving site, with the second largest reef system in the world. It’s Mexico’s largest Caribbean island, largest permanently inhabited island, and Mexico’s third-largest island, and its people mainly live in the town of San Miguel. Easy to reach by plane from the US, Cozumel is known for its massive underwater walls and “drift diving”. In Cozumel, you’ll find a vast number of fish, corals, sponges, nurse sharks, big stingrays, hawks bill turtles and lots of macro life within its clear blue and very warm waters.

    29. What do the four places have in common according to the passage?

       A. They own the largest reef systems.

       B. They are good diving spots in winter.   

       C. They all provide you with shipwrecks.

       D. They are all difficult to reach.

    30. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?

    A. If you want to go to Plunge the Depths of Palau, you can take a flight from Vietnam.

    B. Snorkel the Philippines is disliked by the world because of its location.

    C. Buddy Dive Resort Bonaire is the only place where you can see corals.

    D. Greg Deaver is the coolest one among the four places.

    31. It can be learned from the passage that ______________.

       A. Cozumel is a small country in the Atlantic       

       B. Cozumel is famous for the town San Miguel
       C. Cozumel is a close neighbor to Mexico        

       D. Cozumel is located in North America

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:阅读理解-其他
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2017-10-06
    来源: 江西赣中南五校2017-2018学年高二上学期第一次联考(8月)英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Alexis, 17, sat quietly in the passenger seat of her dad's car. She let her eyes lazily scan the landscape for wildlife. Then a deer came into view about 200 yards in front of them. "Dad, there's a deer there!" Alexis said. It was a male deer with sharp antlers () on each side of its head.

    As the car moved closer, Alexissaw that the deer's head was bent toward the ground. Then she heard a scream and saw an arm fly up near the deer's head. Alexis realized the deer was attacking a woman.Sue, a 44-year-old mother, had been out for her morning run. The deer followed her and edged closer. "I knew I was in trouble," Sue says. She went to pick up a stick for self-defense, and the deer charged. It lifted her with its antlers and threw her into the air. Sue could feel blood flew down her leg.Within seconds, the deer had pushed her off the road.

    When Alexis and her father pulled up, the deer was throwing Sue like a doll. Alexis looked into the woman's terrified eyes,and before her father had even stopped the car, the teenager jumped quickly out of the car and ran toward the deer. "I was kicking it to get its attention," she says. Then her father,who had followed his daughter, pushed the deer away from the women.

    Alexis helped Sue into the car,and then applied a piece of cloth to Sue's injured leg. "We're going to get you to a hospital," Alexis said. Then she heard her father shout loudly. He had been knocked to the ground. Alexis took hold of a hammer from the car and ran to where her father lay on his back. She beat the deer's head and neck, but the blows didn't scareit away. "I was losing faith," she says. "A couple more strikes, Alexis," said her father. "You can do it."

    Turning the hammer around, Alexis closed her eyes and beat the deer's neck with all her strength. When she opened her eyes, the deer was running away.

    Alexis got in the driver's seat and sped toward the nearest hospital. After Sue was treated, she tearfully thanked her rescuers. "You expect a teenage girl to get on the phone and call for help," she says, "not to beat up a deer."

    25.What was Sue doing when she was attacked by the deer?

    A .She was driving home.

    B. She was resting on the road.

    C. She was taking exercise.

    D. She was feeding wild animals.

    26. What did Alexis do to save Sue?

    A. She pushed the deer away.

    B. She hit the deer with her feet

    C. She drove the car to hit the deer.

    D. She beat the deer with a hammer.

    27. Which of the following words can best describe Alexis?

    A. Strong.            B. Cruel.              C. Energetic.            D. Brave.

    28. What is the best title for the passage?

    A. A Woman Was Seriously Injured

    B. A Dangerous Deer Attacked a Woman

    C. A Girl Rescued Her Father Successfully

    D. A Teenager Saved Others from a Deer Attack

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:阅读理解-其他
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2017-10-06
    来源: 江西赣中南五校2017-2018学年高二上学期第一次联考(8月)英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    My parents and two older brothers arrived in Queens from Cuba in 1967, squeezing into a one-bedroom apartment that got even more crampedwhen I showed up two years later. Suspicious of everyone and unable to communicate in English, my parents weren’t about to let their kids hang out in the streets. And since they both worked, we boys spent a lot of time at home.

    The main public library on Merrick Boulevard was the first place I was allowed to visit on my own. I started going there when I was eight. Everything I needing was located on what seemed to me an endless single floor. Wandering around that building aimlessly on a Saturday afternoon offered a sense of freedom I’d never experienced before.

    Once my father dropped me off, it didn’t really matter what I did so long as I could explore. I find it interesting that people today say that libraries are no longer about books; they weren’t really about books for me back in the 1970s, either. It was more about being around other people who looked like they were being productive-turning pages, making copies, patiently waiting for items. All this was attractive to me.

    I felt a certain level of dignity and self-respect at the library. I didn’t borrow books from the library despite spending practically every Saturday of my childhood there. I certainly went over hundreds and hundreds of them during my walks around the building- sports, politics and the solar system were my favorite sections.     

    But I felt no great need to bring books home. We had no room for books in our apartment anyway. I felt like a poor kid when I read books at home. I felt like everyone else when I read books at the library.

    21. The underlined word “cramped” in Paragraph I probably means “________”.

    A. dangerous    B. shabby    C. messy    D. crowded

    22. What did the author appreciate most about the library?

    A. The atmosphere it provides.    B. The books he could explore.

    C. The productive people in it.    D. The seemingly endless floor.

    23. The author didn’t borrow books from the library because ________.

    A. he had finished reading all the books he preferred

    B. he felt like reading at the library to enjoy freedom

    C. he didn’t want to lose his dignity and self-respect

    D. he was too poor to afford the cost of borrowing books

    24. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?

    A. How a Public Library Set Me Free

    B. Culture Shock Is Never a Barrier

    C. My Aimless and Boring Childhood

    D. A Building Shaped a Nation’s Spirit

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:阅读理解-其他
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-10-06
    来源: 吉林省长春外国语学校2016-2017学年高一下学期期末考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

        Would it surprise you to learn that, like animals, trees communicate with each other and pass on their wealth to the next generation?

        UBC Professor Simard explains how trees are much more complex than most of us ever imagined. Although Charles Darwin thought that trees are competing for survival of the fittest, Simard shows just how wrong he was. In fact, the opposite is true: trees survive through their co-operation and support, passing around necessary nutrition “depending on who needs it”.

        Nitrogen () and carbon are shared through miles of underground fungi (真菌) networks, making sure that all trees in the forest ecological system give and receive just the right amount to keep them all healthy. This hidden system works in a very similar way to the networks of neurons (神经元) in our brains, and when one tree is destroyed, it affects all.

        Simard talks about “mother trees”, usually the largest and oldest plants on which all other trees depend. She explains how dying trees pass on the wealth to the next generation, transporting important minerals to young trees so they may continue to grow. When humans cut down “mother trees” with no awareness of these highly complex “tree societies” or the networks on which they feed, we are reducing the chances of survival for the entire forest.

        “We didn’t take any notice of it.” Simard says sadly. “Dying trees move nutrition into the young trees before dying, but we never give them a chance.” If we could put across the message to the forestry industry, we could make a huge difference towards our environmental protection efforts for the future.

    63. What would be the best title for the passage?

       A. Old Trees Communicate Like Humans

       B. Young Trees Are In Need Of Protection

       C. Trees Contribute To Our Society

       D. Trees Are More Complex Than You Think

    64. In Simard’s opinion, trees        .

       A. protect their own wealth          B. depend on each other

       C. compete for survival              D. provide support for dying trees

    65. We can learn from the passage that        .

       A. if “mother trees” are cut down, the survival for the entire forest will be affected

       B. “mother trees” are usually of no use to other trees

       C. Charles Darwin had the same thought as Simard

       D. people know much about the complex “tree societies”

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:阅读理解-其他
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-10-06
    来源: 吉林省长春外国语学校2016-2017学年高二下学期期末考试英语试题A Word版含答案.doc

    The Eurotunnel is a tunnel(隧道) which crosses the Channel under the sea, linking France and the UK. It is about 50.5 km long and 38km lies under the seabed. There are trains which carry passengers and cars, and others which carry carriages or other heavier vehicles(车辆), as well as goods.

    The construction of the tunnel started in 1986, with a cost of almost 10 billion pounds. It was opened in 1994 but was not financially successful until 2007, because of the high interest rates (利率) the company had to pay the banks, as well as low earnings from passengers and goods.

        The Eurotunnel is a very convenient way of traveling between the two countries as the journey is quick (less than one hour), cheap, and comfortable. You can go with your car, motorbike or bike. The tunnel operates every day, round the clock. At the busiest times there are up to three shuttle departures (班次) per hour. There are facilities(设施)for disabled passengers and for babies at the two terminals (终点站).

    The Eurotunnel, also commonly known as the Channel Tunnel, Eurochannel and Eurochunnel is environmentally friendly. It perfects its sources of energy through its use of renewable energy with the result that, by 2008, it had reduced its greenhouse gas emissions(排量) by 45%. In addition, 50% of the waste produced is recycled.

        The future of the Eurotunnel seems promising, although some people who have the fear of enclosed(与外界隔绝的)spaces will never use this type of transportation. There have been some problems with snow storms like the one in the winter of the 2009 which have made the services stop for a period of time, leaving passengers in the tunnel for more than 15 hours without light, heating, food or drink, inside an unmoving train under the sea. Some of the passengers reacted very badly and decided not to use this means of transport again.

    27. Why was the Eurotunnel not financially successful at first? ______.

    A. It was free for passing trains

    B. Many people disliked it

    C. Its operating cost was very high

    D. It was heavily in debt

    28. What is Paragraph 3 mainly about? ______.

    A. The wonderful design of the Eurotunnel

    B. A traveling guide to the Eurotunnel

    C. The advantages of the Eurotunnel

    D. An introduction of the Eurotunnel’s equipment

    29. We can learn from the text that the Eurotunnel ______.

    A. used environmentally friendly energy

    B. was completely built under the seabed

    C. was designed for passenger trains only

    D. operated successfully without any accident

    30.What is the author’s attitude towards the Eurotunnel? ______.

    A. Cautious   B. Optimistic   C. Negative    D. Doubtful

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:阅读理解-其他
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-10-06
    来源: 吉林省长春外国语学校2016-2017学年高二下学期期末考试英语试题A Word版含答案.doc

    April 23 marks the 400th anniversary of William Shakespeare’s death. Organizations in Britain have planned numerous events to honor him.

        In Stratford-upon-Avon, his birthplace, the tourism organization has a great number of free events, including performances of Shakespeare’s plays, and a dazzling fireworks display. And the BBC is broadcasting a live show from Stratfore-upon-Avon, celebrating Shakespeare’s widespread influence on the world. In England’s capital, the London Shakespeare Centre is holding a series of public performances, exhibitions and activities. It isn’t just England that honors the anniversary of the death of this extraordinary writer. In Washington, D.C., the Folger Shakespeare Library, which houses the world’s largest collection of documents relating to William Shakespeare, is displaying a series of exhibitions.

         Shakespeare is probably one of the most famous authors and is considered a genius. He wrote around 37 plays and 154 sonnets(十四行诗), and his work has been translated into over one hundred languages! He penned beautiful metaphors(暗喻), serious dramas and amusing tales.

         Shakespeare also invented many new terms and phrases. If someone’s behavior suggested they were not being honest and should not be trusted, Shakespeare called their actions suspicious. If someone was being silly and perhaps looking like a fool, Shakespeare found their actions laughable. And Shakespeare called people who offered their opinions on the quality of something critics. Today, for instance, food critics and film critics give audiences their opinions of foods and films. The familiar phrase “break the ice” comes from Shakespeare’s play The Taming of the Shrew. “The ice is broken” when a difficult conversation or meeting is calmed by some basic introduction, such as a simple game. More common words coined by Shakespeare include road, gossip, lonely, bump and hurry.

    Four hundred years after his death, Shakespeare surely lives onin everyday speech, as the most famous writer of all time!

    24. The passage is mainly about ______.

    A. the 400th anniversary of Shakespeare’s death

    B. the influence Shakespeare has on written English

    C. the friends of William Shakespeare

    D. Shakespeare’s colorful and fruitful life

    25. Shakespeare is honored in the following ways except ______.

    A. a great number of free events in Stratford-upon-Avon

    B. a series of activities in the London Shakespeare Centre

    C. a series of exhibitions in the Folger Shakespeare Library

    D. a live show of Shakespeare in Washington, D.C.

    26. According to the text, a simple game to make a difficult conversation easy is called ______.

    A. an ice-breaker  B. a suspicious man  C. a critic  D. a laughable man

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:阅读理解-其他
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-10-06
    来源: 吉林省长春外国语学校2016-2017学年高二下学期期末考试英语试题A Word版含答案.doc

    The Museum: The Charles Dickens Museum in London is the world’s most important collection of material relating to the great Victorian novelist and social commentator. The only surviving London home of Dickens (from 1837 until 1839) was opened as a museum in 1925 and is still welcoming visitors from all over the world. On the four floors, visitors can see paintings, rare editions, manuscripts, original furniture and many items relating to the life of one of the most popular and beloved personalities of the Victorian age.

         Opening Hours:The Museum is open from Mondays to Saturdays 10:00-17:00; Sundays 11:00-17:00. Last admission is 30 minutes before closing time.

    Special opening times can be arranged for groups, who may wish to book a private view.

    Admission Charges: Adults:5.00; Students:4:00; Seniors:4.00; Children:3.00; Families:14.00 (2 adults & up to five children).

          Group Rates: For a group of 10 or more, a special group rate of 4.00 each applies. Children will still be admitted for 3.00 each.

          Access: We are constantly working to improve access to the Museum. Our current projects involve the fitting of a wheelchair ramp(活动坡道)for better access and an audio tour for visitors with impaired vision. Our Handling Sessions (亲身体验活动) are also suitable for the visually impaired. The Museum has developed an online virtual tour through the Museum. Click here to visit all the rooms in the Museum online.

          Hire the Museum: The Museum can be hired for private functions, parties and many other social occasions.

    Find Us: The Museum may be reached by using the following buses: 7, 17, 19, 38, 45, 46, 55, 243. And by these underground services: Piccadilly Line; Central Line. For a map, please click here. The British Museum and the Foundling Museum are within walking distance.

    21. Compared to going there separately, if a family with two adults and four children go to the Museum together they will save______.

    A. 22. 00  B. 14. 00  C. 11. 00  D. 8. 00

    22. According to the passage, which of the following statements is true? ______.

    A. Anyone cannot hire the Museum for other uses
    B. Visitors with poor vision cannot enjoy the Museum
    C. The Museum is not very far from the British Museum
    D. In any case people cannot visit the Museum after 17:00

    23. The passage is probably from a ______.

    A. magazine  B. website  C. guidebook  D. newspaper

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:阅读理解-其他
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-10-06
    来源: 吉林省长春汽车经济技术开发区六中2016-2017学年高一下学期期末考试英语试卷 Word版含答案.doc

    Exchange a glance with someone, and then look away. Do you realize that you have made a statement? Hold the glance for a second longer and you have made a different situation, there is a permissible time that you can hold a person’s stare without being unfriendly, rude, or aggressive. If you are on a lift, what stare-time are you permitted? To answer this question, consider what you typically do. You very likely give other passengers a quick glance to size them up and to assure them that you mean no harm. Since being close to another person signals the possibility of interaction, you need to send out a signal telling others you want to be left alone. So you cut off eye contact—what sociologist Erving Goffiman calls “a dimming(变暗) of the lights”. You look down at the floor, at the indicator(指示) lights, anywhere but into another passenger’s eyes. Should you break the rule against staring at a stranger on a lift, you will make the other person extremely uncomfortable, and you are likely to feel a bit strange yourself.

    If you hold eye contact for more than 3 seconds, what are you telling another person? Much depends on the person and the situation. For instance, a man and a woman communicate interest in this manner. They stare at each other for about 3 seconds at a time, and then drop their eyes down for 3 seconds, before letting their eyes meet again. But if one man gives another man a 3-second-plus stare, he signals, “I know you”, “I am interested in you” or “You look peculiar(奇怪) and I am curious about you”. This type of stare often produces hostile(敌意的) feelings.

    33. If one is looked at by a stranger for too long, he tends to feel ________.

       A. depressed                B. uneasy

       C. curious                  D. amused

    34. If you want to be left alone on a lift, the best thing to do is _____.

       A. to look into another passenger’s eyes

       B. to avoid eye contact with other passengers

       C. to signal you don’t mean to do harm to anyone

       D. to keep a distance from other passengers

    35. It can be inferred from the first paragraph that ________.

       A. every glance has its significance

       B. staring at a person is an expression of interest

       C. a stare longer than 3 seconds is unacceptable

       D. a glance conveys more meaning than words

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:阅读理解-其他
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-10-06
    来源: 吉林省长春汽车经济技术开发区六中2016-2017学年高一下学期期末考试英语试卷 Word版含答案.doc

    Wearing ties was originally the mark of Britain’s most powerful classes, which made the tie itself a symbol of power and respect. And that led it to be adopted by a much larger tribe —— the business tribe.

        You cannot wear a tie if you work with machinery. So wearing a tie became a sign that you were a man who used his brain to make a living, rather than your hands. It showed you were serious. It showed you were a professional. It meant that everyone who wanted a job in business had to wear one. It was just impossible to take seriously a man who didn’t wear a piece of colored silk around his neck.

        This is how millions of people came to be wearing ties across the worldThey are part of the uniform of business.

        “Ties offer a point of different," says John Milne, head of the British Guild of Tie Makers. “They give a chance to say something about their own personality.”

        So if you happen to meet a man with a very brightly colored tie, there is a good chance that he is the office joker. There is also a good chance that he will be wearing brightly colored socks.

    Is there a future for ties? The signs are not promising. Tie wearing seems to be rare amongst the new bread of entrepreneurs(创业者) in the Internet and new technology industries. Many political leaders, including former British Prime Minister Tony Blair, now go without ties. This shows they are men of the people—but not the people wearing ties.

    Up until around 1960, it was common for men across the Western world to wear hats as part of their business uniform. That changed with the election of John F. Kennedy to the presidency of the United States. Kennedy never wore a hat——in fact his nickname was "hatless Jack". Seeing that the most powerful man in the world did not have to wear a hat, millions of other men decided that they did not have to, either. Hats simply vanished across the Western worldPerhaps "tieless Tony" (former UK Prime Minister Tony Blair) will have the same effect as "hatless Jack".

    29. In Britain, ties were first used as a sign to show a person’s ________.

          Apersonality      Bsocial position  Cwearing style D. favorite hobby

    30. In the business world, wearing a tie was necessary because ________.

          Ait showed you used your brain      Bit showed you got a good salary

          Cit showed you were an employer   DIt showed you were well-equipped

    31. The writer may hold the opinion that________

           ABlair is the best leader in the world.

           BKennedy is the best leader in the world.

           Cmillions of people will go to work without a tie.

           Dpeople will wear hats instead of ties.

    32. The underlined word “vanished” in this passage may mean_______ .

          Asold            Bwashed      Cappeared            Ddisappeared

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:阅读理解-其他
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-10-06
    来源: 吉林省长春汽车经济技术开发区六中2016-2017学年高一下学期期末考试英语试卷 Word版含答案.doc

    I was off to go back to work one evening when I saw my two children were busy sewing things on the sewing machine. My 11-year-old daughter was, in the midst of her project, going to assist her elder brother in making a little cushionI left, and after a few hours returned to find a mess in the kitchen and in the front room, and both children sitting in front of the television

    Having had a long day, I was too tired to greet them and then I noticed the material my daughter had usedIt had been purchased to make a color-coordinated (颜色协调的) baby blanket, and now had chunks () cut out of almost every piece of fabric (织物)Not stopping to listen, I exploded at the children and explained how angry I was at what had been done

    My daughter listened to me sheepishly, not trying to defend herself at all, but the pain could be seen written across her faceShe retreated to her room, and spent some time there alone before she came out to say good night and once again apologize for the mistake she had made

    A few hours later, as I was preparing to go to bed, I found that there on my bed lay a beautiful, little cushion made out of the forbidden fabric, with the words “I LOVE MOM”Alongside it was a note apologizing again, and the innocence in which she had taken the fabric

    To this day, I still get tears in my eyes when I think of how I reacted and still feel the pain of my actionsIt was I who then went to her and apologized for my actionsI display with great pride the cushion on my bed, and constantly use it to remind me that nothing in this world is greater than a child’s love

    25The underlined word can be replaced by “       

    Ahopefully came up  Bhopefully went back  Cquietly came up  Dquietly went back

    26What did the children do?

          AThey cut out the material and made it into a baby blanket

          BThey cut the material into pieces and used them to clean the TV set

          CThey cut the material into pieces on which they wrote apologizing words

          DThey made a cushion with the material to show their love for Mom

    27What can be inferred from the text?

    AThe two children are good at sewing   BThe two children are introverted (内向的)

    CThe mother is often rude to her children. DThe mother is regretful for what she did

    28The passage is mainly to tell about______

    Aa mom’s tears   Ba mom’s love  Ca child’s love   Da child’s complaint

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:阅读理解-其他
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-10-06
    来源: 湖南省五市十校教研教改共同体2016-2017学年高二下学期期末考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    The Spotlight(公众注意的中心) in Rio

    Phelps puts spotlight on cupping(拔火罐)

    Olympic gold medalist Michael Phelps fed American swimmers to 8 gold medals in the 4 × 100-meter relay, but what grabbed media attention and led to stories and photos around the globe were the purple and red circles on his back.

    Michael Phelps of the USA is seen with red cupping marks on his shoulder as he competes during the 2016 Rio Olympics men’s 200m butterfly in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Aug 8, 2016.

    Chinese swimmer Fu Yuanhui goes viral

    China’s women’s swimmer Fu Yuanhui has created a hit online not just by winning the bronze medal in the 100m backstroke competition, but also by her facial expressions during the post semi-final interview with China Central Television (CCTV) on Monday.

    When asked whether she held back for the final, Fu replied “No, I used my ‘prehistorical power (洪荒之力)’” What she meant was that she had spared no efforts in the semi-final. Since then, the so-called “prehistorical power” has gone viral and become a new Internet meme.

    Britain wins first Olympic diving gold in men’s synchronized 3m springboard(男子双人3跳板)

    Britain’s Jack Laugher and Chris Mears ended China’s gold medal monopoly (垄断) over diving events at the Rio Olympics by winning the men’s synchronized 3m springboard final on Wednesday, the country’s first-ever Olympic gold medal in diving.

    Laugher and Mears finished with a six-round total of 454.32 points, just 4.11 points ahead of silver medalists Mike Hixon and Sam Dorman of the USA at the Maria Lenk Aquatics Center. China’s Cao Yuan and Qin Kai took the bronze with 443.70 points.

    21. What attracted media attention with Phelps’ winning the gold medal?

    A. His scars on his back.

    B. His great leadership.

    C. The cupping marks on his back.

    D. His achievements made in the men’s 200m butterfly.

    22. Which of the following is NOT the reason why Fu Yuanhui became the spotlight?

    A. Her devotion and determination to swimming.

    B. Her achievement in the 100m backstroke competition.

    C. Her facial expression during the post semi-final interview.

    D. Her humourous reply to the reporter—the so-called “prehistorical power”.

    23. What can we learn from the third news?

    A. China didn’t win any medals in diving events at the Rio Olympics.

    B. Mike Hixon and Sam Dorman of the USA took silver with 447.81 points.

    C. Britain had never won the Olympic diving gold medal before the Rio Olympics.

    D. Britain became the gold medal monopolist (垄断者) of diving events at the Rio Olympics.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:阅读理解-其他
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-10-06
    来源: 湖南省邵东县两市镇第二中学2016-2017学年高一下学期期中考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    ALBUQUERQUE, N. M.With the new year coming, a new website was set up to offer ringtones (手机铃声) of the sounds of dozens of rare and endangered species from around the world.

    The Center for Biological Diversity started offering free wildlife ringtones for cellphones a year ago to educate people about the plight of the animals, and the movement enjoyed such success that the environmental group has collected more ringtones and added them to its website for this year.

    The group plans to release a kind of new ringtones each month, including the sounds of the African elephant and the Emperor Penguin of the Antarctic, said Peter Galvin, the group’s conservation director.

    “We’ve hit the 100,000th download in over 150 countries,” Galvin said Wednesday in a telephone interview. “It’s pretty interesting. We didn’t realize how much of an international hit it would become.”

    The response, he said, stresses the worldwide movement to save endangered and rare species.

    “The extinction crisis is a worldwide crisis,” he said.

    Available ringtones include the howl of an endangered Mexican gray wolf, the bellows of an Arctic beluga whale and the calls of dozens of other mammals, birds and reptiles. Website visitors can also get cellphone wallpaper and facts for each of the species.

    And later this year, the website will be available in Spanish and more ringtones from species in Latin America will be added, Galvin said.

    17. The new ringtones collect the sound of ____________.

       A. lovely animals                                                     B. common animals

       C. frightened animals                                             D. rare or endangered animals 

    18. The new ringtones mentioned in the passage are used to ____________.

       A. add fun to the new year                                     B. celebrate the coming new year

       C. call on people to protect wildlife                                D. develop the cellphone industry

    19. The underlined word “plight” in the second paragraph probably means “__________”.

       A. sudden disappearance                                             B. difficult situation

       C. rich knowledge                                                 D. usual habit

    20. What would be the best title for the passage?

       A. New Wildlife Ringtones Released in a Website  

       B. A New Way to Protect Wildlife

       C. Great success of New Strange Ringtones

       D. New Ringtones Popular With Cellphone Users

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:阅读理解-其他
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-10-06
    来源: 湖南省衡阳市第八中学2016-2017学年高一下学期文科实验班结业(期末)英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

       While dog keepers realize their dogs can read their moods accurately,scientists have always been a little doubtful.Now thanks to some researchers at the University of Veterinary Medicine in Vienna,Austria,we finally have some convincing evidence.

    For their study,biologist Corson Miller and his team exposed eleven selected dogs to digital images of women that were either angry or happy.Half the dogs were rewarded for touching the screen when shown a happy face,while the other half got their treat for selecting those that appeared angry.

    Interestingly,the dogs were not provided with the entire face.Some dogs were shown only upper halves while the others observed lower halves.That’s because the scientists believe humans show their emotions on their entire face.

    After some training like how to recognize small differences like the wrinkles between the eyes or the changes in their shape that accompany the happy or angry expressions,the dogs were mostly able to identify the correct expression not only on a familiar face but on a strange face.The researchers concluded the dogs were smart enough to read human emotions.

    They also found those being trained to read angry expressions took a longer time to learn.They guess it may be because dogs find angry faces disgusting,causing them to withdraw quickly.However,once the smart dogs realized they were getting rewarded,the trepidation seemed to disappear.In fact,the dogs had such a good time playing the computer "game" that scientists had a hard time keeping them away from the touch screens after the study was completed.

    The researchers also noticed only dogs with a male owner had a harder time understanding the expressions correctl. Since the touchscreen models were all females, this confirmed what has been observed in previous studies-dogs are more efficient at reading facial expressions of people that are the same gender as their owner.

    32. How did the scientists conduct the experiment?

    A. By mixing the selected dogs together.

    B. By leaving dogs to women who are either happy or angry.

    C. By showing digital pictures of women’s happy or angry faces.

    D. By rewarding only half of the dogs touching the screen.

    33. Which of the following statements is TRUE about the dogs in the study?

    A. The dogs were not all provided with the entire face.

    B. The dogs couldn’t read strangers facial emotions.

    C. According to their size,the dogs were given either upper or lower halves.

    D. The dogs could make out small changes accompanying facial expressions.

    34. The underlined word "trepidation" in Paragraph 5 probably means         .

    A. curiosity    B. horror    C. excitement    D. doubt

    35. How might the results change if the dogs with female owners are shown pictures of male faces?

    A. They would be scared away at the sight of the pictures.

    B. They found it easy to tell the emotions on the entire face.

    C. They could only tell emotions on partial faces rather than on entire faces.

    D. They found it hard to tell the moods on the faces of a different gender.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:阅读理解-其他
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-10-06
    来源: 湖南省衡阳市第八中学2016-2017学年高一下学期文科实验班结业(期末)英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

      New Yorkers and visitors to the Big Apple will get to ring in the Lunar New Year, also known as Chinese New Year in the U.S., in style with a fireworks display on the Hudson River set to music written by Academy Award-winning composer Tan Dun.

    The display is part of the second annual “Happy Chinese New Year: Fantastic Art China” festival held in New York on February 5-10, 2016. The China Central Academy of Fine Arts (CAFA), the U.S.-China Cultural Institute and the Cultural Associate of the Committee of 100 announced this year’s events on November 18 at a press conference at the Lincoln Center.

    The “Fantastic Art China” festival will feature a larger and more diverse series of artistic and cultural events across New York’s top cultural venues (地点) and landmarks, including the Lincoln Center, Empire State Building and Jacob K. Javits Convention Center.

    This year’s theme focuses on exploring the complicated relationship between sound and image, said Professor Yu Ding from CAFA, who is also president of Fantastic Art China and in charge of the festival’s design. Lunar New Year, which celebrates the “Year of the Monkey” in 2016, is an opportunity to bring China’s modern art to mainstream America, and the festival serves as  an innovative approach to establishing cultural exchange between China and New York City, Yu said.

    UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador Tan Dun’s music is a new edition that will be featured  at several venues, including a major art exhibition at the Javits Center, events at the Lincoln Center and the fireworks display on the Hudson, which will take place on the evening of February 6. Five barges (游艇) on the river will launch the fireworks designed by CAFA that will tell a story about celebration and conservation.

    “We Chinese are fond of nature, so the best way to celebrate the Lunar New Year is to salute with the sounds of nature, such as sounds of water, stone and bamboo,” said Tan Dun at the press conference, “And it will be fun to use the music of water during the firework display.”

    In addition to the fireworks, a special lighting show at the Empire State Building will illuminate New York City during the holiday.

    Chinese New Year is being recognized as a public school holiday for the first time in New York. Children from the National Dance Institute, which represents 75 schools, will perform traditional Chinese dances at the Lincoln Center and the Javits Center. And, in celebration of the “Year of the Monkey” events will feature a conservation message about the endangered golden monkey in China.

    28. The theme of this year’s celebration is centered on ________.

    A. diversity of Chinese traditional festivals

    B. relationship between sound and image of nature

    C. endangered species and environment protection

    D. cultural exchange between China and America

    29. The coming “Year of the Monkey” is to be celebrated in New York by ________.

    A. sailing on the Hudson River along with a new-year speech

    B. holding a special concert at the Empire State Building

    C. setting off fireworks and holding a special lighting show

    D. taking a week off and organizing Chinese dance contests

    30. What does the underlined word “illuminate” (in Para. 7) most probably mean?

    A. Lighten.        B. Surround.       C. Decorate.        D. Broaden.

    31. This passage is written mainly in order to ________.

    A. compare some traditional festivals in China and America

    B. attract visitors to America for the coming new-year celebration

    C. strengthen the cultural co-operation between China and America

    D. report celebration activities for the “Year of the Monkey” in New York

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:阅读理解-其他
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-10-06
    来源: 湖南省衡阳市第八中学2016-2017学年高一下学期文科实验班结业(期末)英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    In 1905, as part of his Special Theory of Relativity, Albert Einstein published the point that a large amount of energy could be released from a small amount of matter. This was expressed by equation E = me 2(energy = mass times the speed of light squared). But bombs were not what Einstein had in mind when he published this equation.

    In 1929, he publicly declared that if a war broke out he would “refused to do war service, direct or indirect…” His position would change in 1933, as the result of Adolf Hitler’s coming into power in Germany.

    Einstein’s greatest role in the invention of the atomic bomb was signing a letter to President Franklin Roosevelt urging that the bomb be built because some physicists feared that Germany might be working on an atomic bomb. Among those concerned were physicists Leo Szilard and Eugene Wigner. But Szilard and Wigner had no influence with those in power. So in July 1939 they explained the problem to someone who did: Albert Einstein. After talking with Einstein, in August 1939 Szilard wrote a letter to President Roosevelt with Einstein’s signature on it, which was delivered to Roosevelt in October 1939.

    Germany has invaded Poland the previous month; the time was ripe for action. That October research of a-bomb began but proceeded slowly because the invention of the atomic bomb seemed distant and unlikely. In April 1940 an Einstein letter, ghost-written by Szilard, pressed the researchers on the need for “greater speed”.

    As the realization of nuclear weapons grew near, Einstein looked beyond the current war to future problems that such weapons could bring. He wrote to his friend about his fear about the future use of the a-bomb.

    The atomic bombings of Japan occurred three months after Germany gave in.

    In November 1954, five months before his death, Einstein summarized his feelings about his role in the creation of the atomic bomb: “I made one great mistake in my life… when I signed a letter to President Roosevelt recommending that atom bombs be made; but there was some justification---- the danger that the Germans would make them”.

    21. What can we learn about Szilard and Wigner?

    A. They were not as influential as Einstein.

    B. They were responsible for the invention of nuclear weapons

    C. They had cheated their friend Albert Einstein.

    D. They had an intention to destroy the world.

    22. We can conclude that Einstein ___________.

    A. was important in the development of atomic bomb

    B. was not involved in the invention of atomic bomb

    C. directly participated in the invention of the atomic bomb

    D. helped with the invention of atomic bomb

    23. The best title for the passage would be __________.

    A. A Story of Albert Einstein        B. Albert Einstein and the Atomic Bomb

    C. It was Unfair for Einstein         D. How the Atomic Bomb was Invented

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:阅读理解-其他
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-10-06
    来源: 湖北省宜昌市县域优质高中合作体2016-2017学年高一下学期期末考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Asian children are becoming increasingly under-nourished or obese,a new report says.The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the World Health Organization (WHO) joint report was released on Monday.The two agencies call for better regulation of junk food and a limit on sugary drinks for children. They also call for action against malnourishment,because a lack of food has prevented children who live in poverty growing normally and healthilyor rather,hurt their development.

    Dorothy Foote is a UNICEF regional nutritional specialist. She said the lack of food affects children's height and development inside their bodies.But at the same time,the area is facing "skyrocketing" levels of overweight children.

    The main reason for the food problems,the report says,is that there is more "junk" food available,food that does not provide nutrition. Another problem is drinks with high sugar or high trans-fat,but low nutritional value.Lack of physical activity is also part of the problem,the report says.

    Foote said this is seen in nutrition across the area.She said people lack knowledge about what is needed and normal for healthy child development.

    The economic growth in the area has brought"unhealthy products"to rural areas.Poor and middle-class families buy them and do not make"the right choices to use healthier foods instead."Poor feeding practices,especially for children younger than two,mean ongoing high levels of undernourishment.

    The report says governments need to regulate the marketing of junk food and sugary drinks to children.It also calls for better feeding practices for infants and young children,and treatment for severely malnourished children. And it says countries should work to reduce poverty and make sure that children stay in school.

    32.The underlined word "malnourishment" in the first paragraph can be replaced by       .

    A.bad education             B.poor nutrition           C.poor family                     D.expensive food

    33.The causes of Asian children's being hungry and overweight are the following except       .

    A.more junk food available                                          B.drinks with high sugar or high trans-fat

    C.lack of physical activity                                           D.bad food provided in the school dinning hall

    34.Which group are influenced worst by poor feeding practices according to the text?

    A.Primary school students.                                 B.Children under two years old.

    C.Children in rural areas.                                          D.Children in poor families.

    35.What's the best title for the text?

    A.The reasons for children's being hungry                 B.Why do children in Asia become overweight?

    C.Asian children are facing hunger or obesity           D.How to stop children from being overweight

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:阅读理解-其他
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-10-06
    来源: 湖北省宜昌市县域优质高中合作体2016-2017学年高一下学期期末考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    High-tech machines have made life easier for millions around the world.However,some people still prefer low-tech ways of doing things. Here's an example of why this is happening.You can microwave a frozen hamburger in 60 seconds.However,it won't taste as good as one you cook on the stove.And if you're in that much of a hurry,you probably won't take time to toast the bun.High-tech cooking saves time,but it doesn't make for better-tasting meals.

    Most people get their news from high-tech sources like television or the Internet.This has many advantages.For example,electronic news is more up to date than newspapers or magazines.It's also more exciting to see live and videotaped news events than photographs.However,newspapers and magazines have some important advantages. They give more background and details.They also let you read the parts that are important to you and skip the rest.

    Other high-tech time savers have similar disadvantages.For example,most people use the phone or e-mail to stay in touch with friends and family members who live in other places.But when you use the Internet or the phone, you won't always think carefully about what you are saying,and sometimes you forget the important things you want to communicate. Similarly,when you word-process a homework assignment instead of handwriting it,you can check your spelling electronically and put in fancy headings.However,some students are so busy with the computer that they don't pay enough attention to the actual words they are writing.

    29.What do we know about high-tech cooking?

    A.It can't make much food.                                    B.It is popular with every family.

    C.It makes food slower than low-tech cooking.            D.It can't make food as delicious as low-tech cooking.

    30.What is an advantage of the news in newspapers compared to that on the Internet?

    A.Quick updates.        B.Live news events.           C.Detailed information.             D.Convenient news sources.

    31.Which of the following proverbs can summarize the text?

    A.Easy come,easy go.       B.Better late than never.           C.Every coin has two sides.      D.I.earn to walk before you run.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:阅读理解-其他