There are some stories behind English words.
You've spent a lot of time studying how to use English in a proper way. But have you ever wondered why English speakers say some of the things they say? For example, why do they say "an easy task" is "a piece of cake"? Why do the two letters "OK" means "all right"?
Many English words and phrases have stories behind them. Sometimes these stories can help us look back into an old western history. Let's take a look at a few of the original common English words and phrases:
"OK" was an American who lived in the 19th century. His name was "Old Kinderhook". In one year he was trying to take the place of the leader of his town. His supporters went around the town shouting " OK! OK!" The supporters thought their future leader was " all right". The expression caught on, and now if something is "all right”, people like to say "OK|"
Is your boss nice to you? If not, just be glad you weren't living in the old times. Back to that time, bosses could do anything bad to their men and could even beat them! That explains why the word "boss" comes from an old German word meaning "to beat".
A piece of cake
A famous American writer named Ogden Nash lived in the 1930s. Many readers enjoyed his poems and wrote them down in their notebooks. In one of his poems, Nash wrote, "Her picture's in the papers now and life's a piece of cake." His readers found these words interesting and quickly wrote them down. They thought that if one picture in a newspaper could make you famous, wouldn't life be easy? For nearly 70 years, "a piece of cake" has meant any task or activity that is easy.
25. Some English words can tell us stories about_________.
A. how people learned English B. how English speakers create the words
C. how people spoke English D. how people taught others to speak English
26. The word "boss" in old German means "_________".
A. to work B. to help C. to beat D. to kill
27. "OK" comes from "_________".
A. Old King B. Old Kindman C. Old Kinderhook D. Old Mcdonald
28. In this passage "a piece of cake" means "_________".
A. an easy task or activity B. a difficult task or activity
C. a simple newspaper to read D. a famous picture in a newspaper
Everyone needs friends. Friends bring us happiness and hope in our lives. But the ability to make friends changes from person to person. To some people, making friends is easy, and to others it’s very difficult.
Making friends is a skill, and the first thing is to know how to get along with others.
If you have trouble in making friends, maybe I can tell you how to do it.
★Realize your own good points. You have skills and talents that others will like.
★Believe that you are a good person and have something nice to share with others.
★Be humorous. Learn to laugh at yourself and your weakness. Remember to smile to others.
★Respect the others. Everyone has his own idea. Learn how to listen to others’ ideas without trying to make them accept yours.
★Be kind. If you are kind to others, they will usually be kind to you. There are hundreds of little things you can do to show kindness. Open the door for someone. Wave to a friend and so on.
★Don’t complain. Learn to accept what you can’t change, and work hard to change what you can. No one is willing to hear your complaining all the time.
★Never give up. Even if you are faced with some closed-minded people, never give up. And try to find someone who will understand you.
21. Why do we need friends according to the passage?
A. Friends can do everything for us. B. Friends can bring us happiness.
C. Friends accept our ideas all the time. D. Without friends we could not live.
22. What’s the first thing we should learn in order to make friends?
A. To help others. B. To smile to others.
C. To get along with others. D. To listen to others’ complaints.
23. Which of the following shows a sense of humour?
A. Opening the door for someone.
B. Complaining to others all the time.
C. Laughing at ourselves and our weakness.
D. Finding someone who will understand us.
24. How many pieces of advice does the writer offer when we have trouble in making friends?
A. Five. B. Seven. C. Nine. D. Eleven.
Disneyland calls itself the happiest place in the world. In order to keep visitors happy in its locations across the globe, every theme park in the world is changed slightly to satisfy local cultures and tastes.
Opened in 1983 and larger than the original California Disneyland, Tokyo Disneyland is the third most visited of any theme park in the world after the two Disney parks in the US. Like Walt Disney World in Florida, Cinderella’s Castle is located at the centre of the park.
But like karaoke, which originated in Japan and is a country-wide obsession (痴迷), Disneyland gives the often-reserved (矜持) Japanese people a place to show their noisy side. In Tokyo Disneyland, even adult visitors will sing, clap and dance along to the internationally themed live shows, which is a rare sight in the US.
After excitedly entering Disneyland Paris, which opened in 1992, visitors can see an arcade that features a small copy of the Statue of Liberty – a gift from France to America in 1886, making it a perfect introduction to this Europe’s only Disneyland theme park.
Unfortunately, the French stereotype of a smoking wine drinker is supported in Disneyland Paris. Many visitors complain (抱怨) that although the theme park is equipped with special smoking areas, most smokers seem to puff away (吹气) in all the open areas, including in queues for rides. Besides this, it is also the only Disneyland in the world where you can enjoy an alcoholic drink with your meal; a French meal without a glass of wine would make for the unhappiest place in the world.
32. What can we learn from the second and the third paragraph?
A. Tokyo Disneyland is the third largest theme park in the world.
B. Tokyo Disneyland is meant only for adult people.
C. There is no Cinderella’s Castle in Tokyo Disneyland.
D. Tokyo Disneyland is more visited than Disneyland Paris.
33. What are most visitors unhappy about when in Disneyland Paris?
A. No live shows there. B. No smoking areas in the park.
C. Much smoking smell in the air. D. Having to line up for a long time.
34. What can we infer from the underlined sentence?
A. Drinking alcohol is not allowed in other Disneyland in the world except Disneyland Paris.
B. If you want to be happy, go to Disneyland Paris and enjoy a glass of wine there.
C. The alcoholic drink is forbidden in Disneyland Paris.
D. Disneyland Paris is the unhappiest place in the world.
35. What is the main idea of the text?
A. The reason for building Disneyland across the globe
B. The introduction to Disneyland theme parks in Japan and the US
C. The difference between Disneyland Paris and Tokyo Disneyland
D. The simple analysis of Disneyland’s popularity in some parts of the world
When I was 4, my parents decided they could no longer live together. That same year, my mom moved to Los Angeles (L.A.) and a therapist (治疗师) was hired to decide where I would live. Playing with a dollhouse in her office, I showed her the mother’s room on one side and the father’s room on the other. When she asked me about the little boy’s room, I told her the little boy didn’t know where to sleep.
The therapist finally decided I would stay with my dad during the school years and visit my mom on long holidays and for summers. I began flying between two cities and leading two different lives. I remember my last school day in Grade Six. My friends made plans to go to the beach together, but I couldn’t join them because I had to fly to L.A. It wasn’t that I didn’t want to see my mom and step-dad; I just didn’t want to leave my friends. It wasn’t easy to put up a wall, and pretend I didn’t hate saying goodbye to them. In the morning, my dad drove me to school with my packed bags, and after school, my friends went together, and I went to the airport.
What has come of this in the end is that I’m always missing somebody. When I’m in northern California, I miss my mom and step-dad, while in L.A. I miss going out with my friends, my dad, and my little brother and sister. But after so many flights, I’ve learned that it’s also fun traveling between two cities and experiencing different lives. Other children may not have the opportunity to experience so much.
28. The dollhouse game showed that the boy _______ .
A. didn’t want his parents to stay together B. was very independent
C. had no feeling of belonging D. didn’t like his parents
29. Why didn’t the author like traveling between two cities at first?
A. Because the traveling separated him from his friends.
B. Because he hated saying goodbye to his mom.
C. Because the traveling made it difficult for him to meet his parents.
D. Because he wanted to spend his summers with his dad.
30. We learn from the text that the author _______ .
A. stayed with his mom during the school years B. finally accepted his traveling lifestyle
C. enjoyed traveling more than others did D. never enjoyed staying with his family
31. What would be the best title for the text?
A. Always Miss Somebody B. Travel on My Own
C. My Divorced Parents D. My Lonely Life
Talking plants might sound like characters in a fairy tale. But recent scientific studies have shown that plants communicate with each other and with other living things in a surprising number of ways. To understand them, scientists say, we just have to learn their language. Farmers are especially interested in what plants have to say.“Plants are able to communicate with all sorts of organisms (有机体).They can communicate with giant bacteria, with other plants and with insects.
“They do this chemically.”said Cahill,an Ecology Professor of the University of Alberta in Canada. Plant scientists are just beginning to understand this chemical “language”.Cahill says studies have shown, for example, that plants can evaluate conditions in their immediate environment and take appropriate actions. Plants have an ability, for example, to signal pain or discomfort caused by anything from temperature extremes to an insect attack. Jack Schultz, a professor of chemical ecology at the University of Missouri, says when a plant senses that it's being eaten, it cannot walk away from trouble; on the contrary, it will release a chemical vapor that alerts other plants nearby. “Their language is a chemical language, and it involves chemicals that move through the air that are easy to be changeable, and most of all are smells that we are familiar with,”Schultz explained. “All plants responded to the attack by changing their chemistry to defend themselves.”Schultz recalled. “But we were quite surprised to find that nearby plants also changed their chemistry to defend themselves, even though they were not part of the experiment.”
Studies have also shown that plants under attack release pleasant chemicals. Those chemicals attract friendly insects that attack the pests eating the plant. In the end, plants' ability to communicate their needs—and our ability to understand them—could help farmers reduce the use of poisonous chemicals, cut operating costs and limit damage to the environment.
25. The recent scientific studies have shown that plants can ______.
A. communicate with other living things in a chemical way
B. hardly react to any sudden change in temperature
C. use a very special chemical language which is familiar to us
D. respond to the attack by giving off poisonous chemicals
26. When being eaten by an insect, the plant will ________.
A. walk away from trouble B. change its chemistry to kill the insect
C. release a chemical vapor to“ask”other plants for help
D. give off nice chemicals to attract friendly insects killing the pest
27. The underlined word “alert” most probably means “______”．
A. warn B. protect C. threaten D. allow
This summer I was ten, my mother decided to bring us to the world of art. My brother and I were not very excited when we realized what my mother meant. What she meant was not that we could take drawing classes or painting classes but that we would have to spend one afternoon a week with her at the Fine Arts Museum. Before each visit to the museum, she made us read about artists and painting styles(风格). It was almost as bad as being in school. Who wants to spend the summer thinking about artists when you could be with your friends at the swimming pool?
First we had to read about ancient Egyptians(古埃及人) and their strange way of painting faces and then go to look at them at the museum. My 12-year-old brother thought this was so funny, but I was not interested. Later we had to learn about artists in the Middle Ages who painted people wearing strange long clothing. We had to look at pictures of fat babies with wings and curly (鬈曲的) hair and with no clothes on flying around the edges of paintings. I certainly couldn't see what was so great about art.
On our last visit to the museum, something happened when I saw a painting by a woman called Mary. In it, a woman was reading to a child. The colors were soft and gentle, and you could tell by the mother' s expression how happy she was just to be with the child. I couldn't stop looking at this painting ! I wanted to see every painting Mary had ever made! It was really worth looking at so many paintings to find a painter who could interest me so much.
21. The aim of the mother' s plan was to _________.
A. take them to visit the museum B. introduce to them the world of art
C. ask them to read about artists D. show them different painting styles
22. What was the writer' s experience in the museum before the last visit?
A. She came to feel her mother' s love. B. She liked many paintings.
C. She hardly enjoyed herself. D. She could understand the pictures of fat babies.
23. What made the writer go through a change that summer?
A. One of Mary's paintings. B. A strange way of painting.
C. Artists in the Middle Ages. D. Her mother' s instruction.
24. From the text, we can see _________.
A. the importance of curiosity B. the effect of art
C. the value of learning D. the power of family education
The United States is full of cars. There are still many families without cars, but some families have two or more. However, cars are used for more than pleasure. They are a necessary part of life.
Cars are used for business. They are driven to offices and factories by workers who have no other way to get to their jobs. When salesmen are sent to different parts of the city, they have to drive in order to carry
[Z-x-x-k.Com]their products. Farmers have to drive into the city in order to get supplies.
Sometimes small children must be driven to school. In some cities school buses are used only when children live more than a mile away from the school. When the children are too young to walk too far, their mothers take turns driving them to school. One mother drives on Mondays taking her own children and the neighbors' as well. Another mother drives on Tuesdays, another on Wednesday, and so on. This is called forming a car pool. Men also form car pools, with three or four men taking turns driving to the place where they all work.
More car pools should be formed in order to put fewer cars on the road and use less gas. Too many cars are being driven. Something will have to be done about the use of cars.
28. The United States is filled with cars, but .
A. every American has a car B. few families have two cars or even more
C. not every family has a car D. every family has a car
29. What's the main idea of the second paragraph?
A. Workers drive cars to offices and factories B. Cars are widely used
C. Farmers drive into cities to get supplies. D. Salesmen drive to carry their products.
30. Which statement is true according to the third paragraph?
A. Small children are driven to school.
B. All children go to school by bus in some cities.
C. Mothers drive their children who can't walk to school.
D. School buses pick up all children.
31. Mothers form car pools in order that .
A. they can drive their own children to school
B. they can take turns driving their children to school
C. they reach school quickly
D. they can drive their children to school in time
According to the survey conducted recently on “What do you think of students’ cheating in examinations” among 500 teenagers in a middle school, nearly 100 percent of the students think that it is wrong to cheat but nearly 60 percent of them have cheated in examinations to some degree. The reasons they listed for their cheating are as follows.
First, in a crazy society like ours, everybody is deeply concerned about our grades. Our parents can ignore anything but our grades. They seldom care about our feelings. If we fail or do not do well in an examination, they feel upset or even angry and we have got to go through a series of unpleasant experiences. So in order not to be scolded or even beaten by our parents, we sometimes cheat to get a good grade, which saves us a lot of trouble and satisfies our parents.
Second, some of us don’t cheat on purpose. We know it is dishonest to cheat and it is wrong, but we
[Z-x-x-k.Com]simply can’t help it and do it just out of habit. Besides, we are afraid of being looked down upon by our teachers and classmates if we fail or get low points.
Third, some of us want to get a psychological balance. Since everybody else cheats, why should I not cheat? I study hard and I am honest in examinations but I never get any praise from my teachers or parents just because I get low points. It is not fair.
Do you share these opinions of the students? What’s your opinion about students’ cheating in examinations?
25.How many reasons for cheating in the exam are mentioned in the passage?
A. two B. three C. four D. five
26.What does the underlined phrase mean in paragraph 4?
A.a feeling that makes us feel calm in heart.
B.a feeling that makes us feel easy in heart.
C.a feeling that makes us feel important in heart.
D.a feeling that makes us feel relaxed in heart.
27.What’s the writer’s attitude to this problem?
A. agree B. disagree C. neither agree nor disagree D. not concerned
Henry found work in a bookstore after he finished middle school. He wouldn’t do anything but wanted to get rich. Mr. King thought he was too lazy and was going to send him away. Henry was afraid and had to work hard.
It was a cold morning. It was snowing and there was thin ice on the streets. Few people went to buy the books and the young man had nothing to do. He hated to read, so he watched the traffic. Suddenly he saw a bag fall off a truck and it landed by the other side of the street.
“It must be full of expensive things, ”Henry said to himself. “I have to get it, or others will take it away. ”
He went out of the shop and ran across the street. A driver saw him and began to whistle（鸣笛）, but he didn’t hear it and went on running. The man drove aside, hit a big tree and was hurt in the accident. Two weeks later Henry was taken to court（法庭）. A judge asked if he heard the whistle when he was running across the street. He said that something was wrong with his ears and he could hear nothing.
“But you’ve heard me this time.”said the judge.
“Oh, I’m sorry. Now I can hear with one ear.”
“Cover the ear with your hand and listen to me with your deaf（聋的）one. Well, can you hear me? ”
“No, I can’t. sir. ”
21. Which word can you use to describe Mr. King?
A. humorous B. serious C. kind D. lovely
22. Why did Mr. King want to send Henry away?
A. Because Henry didn’t work hard.
B. Because Henry hoped to be rich.
C. Because Henry finished middle school.
D. Because Henry sold few books.
23. The driver was afraid to _______, so he drove aside.
A. hit Henry B. hurt himself C. fall behind D. lose the bag
24. What does the underlined word “judge” mean in Chinese?
A. 裁判 B. 律师 C. 法官 D. 原告
Do you drink water that's been left sitting out overnight or even for another day Have
you noticed it tastes different
Tap water that has been left to sit out slowly begins to acquire an off taste. Many people
think that this is because of microorganisms(微生物). But that's not what makes old water
taste not fresh. For that we can thank carbon dioxide. After about 12 hours, tap water starts
to go flat as carbon dioxide in the air starts to mix with the water in the glass, lowering its pH
and giving it an off taste. But it's most likely safe to drink.
However, back to those microorganisms. If you use a dirty glass day after day, there is
more of a chance of bacteria making themselves known; a risk that increases if you share the
glass with another mouth as well. But assuming you use a fresh glass every few days, you
probably won't have a problem unless the glass has been touched by dirty fingers, and
especially if those dirty fingers went unwashed after using the bathroom.
As for plastic water bottles that have been left out in the sun or in the car, step away
from the bottle, warns Dr. Kellogg Schwab, director of the Johns Hopkins University Water
Institute. "A chemical called bisphenol-A, or BPA, along with other things used to make
plastic can leach(过滤) into your water if the bottle heats up or sits in the sun," he explains.
BPA, as you probably know, has been linked to everything from heart disease to cancer.
Schwab also adds that plastic used for commercial bottled water isn't meant to be washed or
refilled, so use only one time and recycle. Or don't buy them at all; use refillable water
32. Tap water begin to acquire an off taste because of .
A. BPA B. the glass
C. the microorganism D. carbon dioxide
33. According to Paragragh 2 , tap water that's been left sitting out for 12 hours____.
A. tastes better B. is still safe to drink
C. contains few microorganisms D. is most likely undrinkable
34. What should we do with plastic water bottles that have been left out in the sun or in the car
A. Throw them away. B. Refill them with fresh water.
C. Use them after they cool down. D. Clean them and use them again.
35. Which of the following is true about BPA
A. It is safe for people to use. B. It is a kind of new material.
C. It can cause great harm to people. D. It is the main material to make plastic.
“Well, I finally did it. I finally decided to enter the digital age and get a cell phone. My kids have been annoying me and the last straw was when my car broke down, and I was stuck by the highway for an hour before someone stopped to help. But when I went to the cell phone store, I almost changed my mind. The phones all have cameras, computers and a "global-positioning" something or other that's supposed to spot me from space. Goodness, all I want to do is to be able to talk to my grandkids ！ The people at the store weren't much help. They couldn't understand why someone wouldn't want a phone the size of a postage stamp. And the rate plans! They were confusing, and expensive… and the'contract (合同）lasted for two years! I'd almost given up until a friend told me about her new Jitterbug phone. Now,I have the convenience and safety of being about to stay in touch with a phone I can actually use. ”
Affordable plans that I can understand一and no contract to sign (签订）！ Unlike other cell phones，Jitterbug has plans that make sense. Why should I pay for minutes I m never going to use? And if I do talk more than I plan，I won ’t find myself with no minutes like my friend who has a prepaid phone. Best of all, there is no contract to sign_so I m not locked in for years at a time. The US-based customer service is second to none. And the phone gets service anywhere in the country.
Long Distance Calls
No additional charge
No additional charge
Friendly Return Policy
Call now and receive a FREE gift when you order. Try Jitterbug for 30 days and if you don ’t love it, just return it! Why wait, the Jitterbug comes ready to -use right out of the box. If you aren't as happy with it as I am, you can return it and get your money back. Call now, the Jitterbug product experts are ready to answer your questions.
Call 1-888-809-8794 or visit www. jitlerbugdirect. com.
28. What made “I” finally think of getting a cell phone?
A. Being stuck by the highway. B. Being urged by his grandkids.
C. Being persuaded by cell phone salespersons.D. Being attracted by the friendly return policy.
29. On the monthly basis of 100 minutes, the Jitterbug weekly rate is about .
A. $3.75 B. $ 4.99 C. $14.99 D. $19.99
30. An advantage of Jitterbug mentioned in the passage is .
A. its discount price with a free gift B. its reasonable rate plans without a contract
C.its M global-positioning" system with 911 access D. its good customer service all over the world
31. The main purpose of the passage is to .
A. tell a customer's story of Jitterbug B. provide two ways to order Jitterbug
C.give a brief introduction of Jitterbug D. attract potential customers to Jitterbug；
Picture the scene: You come home after work feeling too exhausted to cook –only to find a delicious meal worthy of a Michelin-starred restaurant waiting for you. It sounds like a fantasy, but it could be about to come true thanks to a robot chef developed by British scientists.
Those scientists have come up with a set of robotic arms so smart that they are capable of cooking meals all by themselves. The device will be sold from as early as 2017 as part of a purpose-built high-tech kitchen.
Scientists at Moley Robotics spent almost 18 years developing the hands. According to its creators, the arms can chop, stir, whisk and baste well enough to recreate almost anything you would care to eat, whether it is a simple home-cooked supper, or a complicated creation designed by a world-class chef. The hands move a little slowly, hovering strangely above the work surface whenever they are not busy, but they imitate human movements closely enough that they can do things such as wiping a spoon on the edge of a pan to prevent drips.
Mr Oleynik, who is leading the project, said, “All the things which are possible with the hand are possible here. There is no limitation. A lot of people want to go to Michelin-starred restaurants, but they are quite expensive and may be quite far from the home. This is an opportunity for people to enjoy very good food, and for a reasonable price. ”
The only cuisine that is off the robot’s menu at the moment is sushi, which requires extremely steady pressure and nimble fingers to make, but the team plan to conquer that as well by the time it goes on sale.
24. People go to Michelin-starred restaurants in order to______.
A. appreciate car tires B. enjoy delicious meals
C. see the new robot chefs D. escape from work
25. What does the underlined word “they” in Paragraph 2 refer to?
A. British scientists B. The robot chef’s arms
C. Cooks at restaurants D.Household wives
26. Which kind of food CAN’T the robot chef cook at present?
A. Bread B. Beef C. Sushi D. Sandwich
27. What can we infer from the passage?
A. Hands of a robot chef can perform exactly like a cook.
B. Robot chefs are available at shopping malls.
C. Michelin-starred restaurants are suitable for many people.
D. It is uncertain when the robot can cook all kinds of food.
Recently some articles state that the word ‘‘selfie” has become one of the most annoying words. But I’d like to offer that maybe it is not so bad. The “selfie” is used to describe the self-taken photo, often from a smartphone. Women and men decorate their Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram accounts with these pictures, sometimes with puckered (翘起) lips or large smiles. In fact, the selfie has become so widely known that over 31 million photos on Instagram are taken with the selfie.
Let’s think about it. Someone takes about 10 selfies each time they do, and they only end up posting one or two of those. They pick the one that makes them look the best. Isn’t that beautiful? In that one picture, someone has given himself or herself confidence. Self-image is important. In society today, we are so often busy with what society tells us is perfect. But maybe, with that one selfie, we feel that we fit that bill. We feel handsome, beautiful, confident, smart, happy and content. For that moment, everything bad or terrible that has ever happened to us is erased, because that smile or that pucker is what gives us the determination to love ourselves.
I saw a spoken word poem recently and the young man said: If I ask you what you love, the answers will most likely roll off your tongue. You love to read. You love to write. You love birds, music, your mom, your brother, your sister, your daughter, your best friend, your dog. How long do you think you could go on and on before you said “I love myself”?
That statement hit me like a ton of bricks. I’ve struggled with confidence all of my life. I still do. And in no way am I saying that taking a selfie is a gateway to that confidence. However, the selfie does deserve some credit for allowing individuals to express themselves. Pamela Rutledge agrees, stating, “There are many more photographs available now of real people than models.”
21. According to the writer, we live in a society where ________.
A. being perfect is highly valued B. selfie leads to success
C. one’s poor performance can be erased D. a good image decides one’s status
22. What Pamela said suggested that selfie ________.
A. causes models to be laid off B. is a way to attain confidence
C. makes one look like models D. reveals a more real world
23. The best title for the passage is ______.
A. The Value of Selfie B. The Origin of Selfie
C. Selfie Causes Bad Effects D. Selfie Creates Beauty
Travel Tips from the Budget Traveler
Plan in advance.
Passengers planning to travel by plane or train should buy their tickets at least one week before the trip. You can save money that way. There are often special airfares and rail fares if you buy your ticket more than 7 days or 14 days in advance.
Not all travel agencies or airlines change the same amount of money for airline tickets to the same place. It’s a good idea to call several different places to get the best deal. Sometimes you can find really good flight prices on the Internet.
Stay over a Saturday night.
Some airlines offer low airfares if you stay over a Saturday night. This is because they want to attract the pleasure travelers. Pleasure travelers are usually able to stay over on a Saturday night. Business travelers usually want to be home with their families on Saturday nights.
Take a boat.
For some destinations, traveling by plane is not the only choice available. Most people travel from Japan to Korea or China, for example, by plane. This is because plane travel is quick and convenient. But you can make the journey by boat, instead. It takes more time, of course, but there are usually cheap deals for boat passengers—and you have lots of time to enjoy the journey.
Travel with a friend or in a group.
Traveling in a group is often a good way to save money. If you travel in a group of 10 or more, you can usually get a good deal from airlines. Also, when you rent a car, you can share the cost instead of paying for it yourself. In addition, sharing with another traveler can help get a cheap room price at a hotel.
Join a Frequent Travel Program.
Many airlines offer special programs for regular travelers. These are called “Frequent Travel Programs” or “Frequent Flyer Programs”. Every time you take their plane, you get points. When you have enough points, you can get free flights from the airline.
13. A cheaper air ticket may be got by all of the following means EXCEPT ______.
A. trying different travel agencies and airlines
B. buying a ticket ahead of time
C. buying a ticket on line
D. shopping around the city
14. To get a cheap deal on a flight, which of these trips should you choose?
A. Leave on Thursday and return on Sunday afternoon.
B. Leave on Monday and return on Wednesday.
C. Leave on Wednesday and return on Saturday morning.
D. Leave on Friday and return on Saturday night.
15. The writer suggests taking a boat from Japan to Korea mainly because ______.
A. it’s comfortable to take a boat
B. the scenery on the sea is beautiful
C. it’s cheap and you can enjoy the journey
D. it is not far from Japan to Korea
I travel a lot, and I find out different “styles”(风格) of directions every time I ask “How can I get to the post office?”
Foreign tourists are often confused(困惑) in Japan because most streets there don’t have names; In Japan, people use landmarks(地标) in their directions instead of street names. For example, the Japanese will say to travelers, “Go straight down to the corner. Turn left at the big hotel and go past a fruit market. The post office is across from the bus stop.”
In the countryside of the American Midwest, there are not usually many landmarks. There are no mountains, so the land is very flat; in many places there are no towns or buildings within miles. Instead of landmarks, people will tell you directions and distances. In Kansas or Iowa, for example, people will say, “Go north two miles. Turn east, and then go another mile.”
People in Los Angeles, California, have no idea of distance on the map; they measure distance in time, not miles. “How far away is the post office?” you ask. “Oh,” they answer, “it’s about five minutes from here.” You say, “Yes, but how many miles away is it?” They don’t know.
It’s true that a person doesn’t know the answer to your question sometimes. What happens in such a situation? A New Yorker might say, “Sorry, I have no idea.” But in Yucatan, Mexico, no one answers “I don’t know.” People in Yucatan believe that “I don’t know” is impolite. They usually give an answer, often a wrong one. A tourist can get very, very lost in Yucatan!
9. When a tourist asks the Japanese the way to a certain place, they usually ______.
A. describe the place carefully B. show him a map of the place
C. tell him the names of the streets D. refer to recognizable buildings and places
10. What is the place where people measure distance in time?
A. New York. B. Los Angeles. C. Kansas. D. Iowa.
11. People in Yucatan may give a tourist a wrong answer ______.
A. in order to save time B. Los Angeles.
C. so as to be polite D. for fun
12. What can we infer from the text?
A. It’s important for travelers to understand cultural differences.
B. It’s useful for travelers to know how to ask the way properly.
C. People have similar understandings of politeness.
D. New Yorkers are generally friendly to visitors.
As you research music, you will find music that is familiar to you. You will find music which tells of interesting places and exciting things to do. You will find music which expresses feelings that are often your own.
Music is an expression of the people. As you research, you will find music of people at work and play. You will find music expressing love of the country, love of nature, and love of home.
Music is also an expression of the composer(作曲家).The composer expresses his own musical ideas. He studies the materials of music and discovers ways of using them. He looks for new kinds of musical expression.
Music can suggest actions and feelings which we all share. We can enjoy playing and singing music, dancing and listening to the music of the people and the composers of different times and places.
5.In the first paragraph, the author tells us to________.
A. find entertainment (娱乐) in music.
B. be friendly to music.
C. express your feelings in music
D. discover the things and places in music
6.From the second paragraph, we know that_________.
A. if we love music, we will love the country, nature and home
B. music sings of the country, nature and home
C. you may listen to music at work or at play
D. music can express how people live, work and think
7.By means of music, the composer wishes that__________.
A. you would study with them
B. you would share his feelings and ideas
C. you would express your own feelings
D. you help discover ways of using music and new kinds of musical expression
8.The last paragraph shows that music makes it possible__________.
A. the music can express actions and feeling at the same time.
B. to bring understanding between people of different times and places.
C. that people can enjoy playing and singing music, dancing and listening to the music at the same time
D. that people of different time and places can get together
A great French writer has said that we should help everyone as much as possible because we often need help ourselves. The small even can help the great. To this effect he tells the following simple story.
An ant was drinking at a small stream and fell in. She made desperate efforts to reach the side, but made no progress at all. The poor ant, almost exhausted, was still bravely doing her best when a dove saw her. Moved with pity the bird threw her a blade(叶片) of grass, which supported her like a raft, and thus she reached the bank again. While she was resting and drying herself in the grass she heard a man approaching. He was walking along barefooted and carrying a gun in his hand. As soon as he saw the dove he wished to kill her, and he would certainly have done so, but the ant bit him in the foot just as he raised his gun to fire. He stopped to see what had bit him, and the dove immediately flew away. It was an animal much weaker and smaller than herself that had saved her life.
1. According to the French writer, we often need help from others, therefore we should _______.
A. help others as much as we can B. help those who may be useful to us
C. get as much help as possible D. help others in order to keep alive
2. An ant fell in the stream and could not reach the bank ________.
A. because she did not try hard B. because she tried too hard
C. because she did not cry for help D. no matter how hard she tried
3. The ant finally got on the side _______.
A. when the water pushed her
B. with the help of a blade of grass given by a dove
C. with the help of a piece of wood
D. when the dove reached out a leg for her
4. According to the passage, which of the following does the author express?
A. the dove was quite brave B. the ant’s cleverness
C. how an ant saved a bird D. that even the small can help the great
Earlier this week, I wrapped up(圆满完成) a 5-day trip in San Francisco. I woke up a few hours before sunrise, drove through the darkness and out of the city, hiked for 30 minutes to the top of a hill overlooking the Golden Gate Bridge, and snapped(拍摄)this photo. As I stood there soaking in the early morning light, I was reminded of an important lesson.
When I arrived in San Francisco, I told myself, “Just take photos as you do other things.” My primary goal was to meet with friends and so I figured I could take pictures as we walked around the city. This resulted in exactly zero photos worth sharing. I had vague ideas like, “I’d like to do some street photography,” but I never went out with the intent of photographing something specific. Finally, on the last morning, I went out with the intent of capturing a specific picture and I ended up with something worth sharing. My mistake was that I assumed that because I wanted to take photos, I would end up getting a desirable result.
How often do you do this in your own life? We go to the gym to “work out” without trying to become better at something specific. We wish that we were more creative, but never work on a particular project. When you commit to a task, however, then the next step is obvious. You want to take a picture of the Golden Gate Bridge at sunrise? Next step: find a good spot. You’ve found a good spot? Next step: wake up early and drive there.
This is perhaps the most shocking thing: if box yourself in, then you’ll begin to break out and achieve something greater than you ever imagined.
32．What’s the author’s original purpose of the trip?
A. To visit friends. B. To attend lessons.
C. To take pictures. D. To enjoy sunrise.
33．What lesson did the author learn?
A. Get ready for challenges. B. Stick to your own decision.
C. A given task leads to achievement. D. Hard work pays off.
34．What are you advised to do first when you want to get stronger physically?
A. Make a detailed outline. B. Choose a certain muscle group.
C. Discuss the ways with coaches. D. Go to work out immediately.
35．What’s the function of the last paragraph?
A. To introduce a new topic.
B. To ask readers to reflect on something.
C. To make a suggestion.
D. To draw a conclusion.
Think back to the last time your partner did something nice for you. Now think about how you reacted to that little act of kindness. Research suggests that people who are grateful—not just by saying—a quick “thanks” but also by expressing the gratitude—get more happiness. More importantly, they also tend to feel more connected to others and better about their relationship.
A recent study by Sara Algoe, a psychologist at the University of North Carolina, found that on days when partners reported feeling more grateful for someone’s acts of kindness, they also reported feeling more connected to that person. In other words, what mattered wasn’t how often someone in the relationship did a thoughtful thing—it was how grateful the partner reported feeling about it.
Amie Gordon, a psychologist at the University of California, has also studied how gratitude can affect couples. In her study, she found that the more grateful couples were, the more likely they were to still be in that same relationship nine months later.
Gratitude may be different than simply expressing it. So rather than simply saying “thank you” to the person who held the door open, try focusing on how you feel about the person who did that kind act. “My definition of gratitude,” writes Gordon, “includes appreciating not just what your partner does, but who they are as a person. You’re not just thankful that your partner took out the trash—you’re thankful that you have a partner who is thoughtful enough to know you hate taking out the trash.”
Research suggests that one of the reasons being grateful feels so good is because it helps start the friendly relationship. In other words, when we start being grateful, we’re more likely to continue to feel positive in the minutes or months ahead. And the people around us probably feel it too.
28. What is the best title of the passage?
A. Real Gratitude Brings Happiness B. Little Act of Kindness is Good
C. How to Get Better Relationship D. What People Do to Show Thanks
29. According to Sara Algoe, what is important in building strong connection with others?
A. How often they are connected with each.
B. How much they feel grateful to the others.
C. How soon they can affect their couples.
D. How many questions they have asked.
30. What would the couple do if they feel grateful?
A. They would be unlikely to get married. B. They would be unlikely to get affected.
C. They would be unlikely to get divorced. D. They would be unlikely to be questioned.
31. What is special about Gordon’s gratitude?
A. Saying a lot of “Thank you”. B. Taking out a lot of the trash.
C. Appreciating others by heart. D. Holding the door for the others.
Chester City Library offers a range of Library Special Needs Services to people who don’t have access to our library service in the usual way. As long as you live in Chester City, we’ll provide a wild range of library services and resources including:
Large printed and ordinary printed books; Talking books on tape and CD; DVDs and music CDs; Magazines Reference and information requests
Home delivery service
Let us know what you like to read and we will choose the resources for you. Our staff will deliver the resources to your home for free. We also provide a service where we can choose the resources for you or someone instead of you choose the things from the library. You can also choose the resources you need personally.
Talking books and captioned videos
The library can provide talking books for people who are unable to use printed books because of eye diseases. You don’t have to miss out on reading any more when you can borrow talking books from the library. If you have limited hearing which prevents you from enjoying movies, we can provide captioned videos for you at no charge.
Languages besides English
We can provide books in a range of languages besides English. If possible, we will request these items from the State Library of NSW, Australia.
How to join?
Contact the Library Special Needs Coordinator to register or discuss if you are eligible（合适的） for any of the services we provide ---Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday 9am ---5pm on 4297 2522 for more information.
25. Library Special Needs Services are meant for_____.
A. those who are fond of reading
B. only those who have walking disabilities
C. those who can’t get medical help in Chester City
D. people living in Chester City with an illness or disability
26. What can we learn from the passage?
A. Few entertaining resources are offered here.
B. Books with different languages are available.
C. People with limited hearing have to pay for captioned videos.
D. People have to choose what they need by themselves.
27. To get home delivery service, you must_______.
A. only choose printed books B. have others choose the resources for you
C. register ahead of time D. pay the library ahead of time