Sandra Bullock turned 51 last month.But because she looks exactly the same as she did in Miss Congeniality,a movie filmed back in the 20th century,everyone calls her”ageless.”Bullock is just one of a number of stars in their 40s and 50s who’ve had birthdays recently but have not gotten older,unlike the rest of us in their age group.Take Halle Berry.One website put a photo of her 20 years ago next to one of the newly 49-year-old Berry and dared us to choose which was which.”This is What 49 Looks Like,”it said.Seriously,if that’s what 49 looks like,I must be 71.
However,even a generation ago,famous face evolved.Look at a picture of Grace Kelly at age 52 in the early 1980s.She look like a beautiful middle-aged woman.Today she’d look old for her age.
The goal now is to prevent aging while you are still young,using all the magical nonsurgical options medicine has to offer.Eventually these techniques will become less expensive,and ordinary people my daughter’s age will have them.Already anti-aging is starting to be considered maintenance,like coloring your hair.My friends and I find ourselves openly debating techniques that we used to make fun of.Does fat-freezing work?How much time do you have to spend in the gym to keep the body of a 35-year-old after 50?It’s all so exhausting.But members of the next generation have it tougher.They’ll have to ask themselves whether they want to spend their youth trying not to get old.I’ve already seen”Sexy at 70”headlines.Will everyone be expected to go to their graves（坟墓）looking hot?
I also have to wonder what else we are slowing along with age.How do you move on if you’re working so hard to stay the same?And besides,if you’ve known the ache of watching a daughter pack up for college,you know you can’t stop the clock.
28.In the author’s eyes,Sandra Bullock .
A.doesn’t deserve her name B.doesn’t look her age at all
C.behaves like a young woman D.looks younger than Halle Berry
29.The example of Grace Ketty is given to show .
A.physical beauty never lasts long
B.there is no such thing as agelessness
C.people’s attitude towards aging has changed
D.stars pay too much attention to their appearance
30.Where do the author’s concerns about anti-aging techniques lie?
A.They expose people to danger. B.They make people feel stressful.
C.They are too expensive for ordinary. D.They encourage comparisons among people.
31.What’s the purpose of the text?
A.To show the burden of youth. B.To offer tips on how to look hot.
C.To advise people to accept aging. D.To comment on some famous stars.
For years people had told our founders,motivational speakers Jack Canfield and Mark Victor Hansen,inspiring stories about themselves.Jack and Mark included these stories in their talks,and their audiences repeatedly asked if they had ever been published.Eventually,Jack and Mark decided to collect the best 101 stories they’d been told and put them in a book.They called it Chicken soup for the soul because they wanted it to provide comfort,just like their grandmothers’ cooking.
They took the book to New York,hoping to sell it to one of the big publishers,but every single one turned hem down.The project appeared to have stalled until they met Peter Vegso.Peter read some of the stories and loved them,so he decided to give the book a chance,becoming Chicken Soup for the Soul founding publisher.
Chicken Soup for the Soul turned into one of the most popular and loved books ever published,selling 11 million copies around the world.Today,we’ve published more than 250 books and Chicken Soup for the Soul has become the best-selling trade paperback book series of all time.
people have connected with Chicken Soup for the Soul books deeply.Years ago,we started getting letters from readers asking for more,not just more books,but other things,too.Jack and Mark recognized that Chicken Soup for the Soul had grown into something much bigger than the book series they had created.So,in 2008,William Rouhana,Amy Newmark and Robert Jacobs bought Chicken Soup for the Soul from them.Today,we have a line of comfort foods,including healthy and balanced pet foods,We’re online now with our forums,apps and a YouTube channel.We’re working hard on a new Chicken Soup for the Soul TV show and a movie.Meanwhile,we are still collecting stories from our readers and the public,just like what we’ve done since the beginning.We have new books coming out almost every mouth.We’re always looking for ways to share happiness,inspiration and wellness through everything we do.
24.The first Chicken Soup for the Soul .
A.was published by Peter Vegso B.was Jack and Mark’s own experiences
C.encouraged people to be speakers D.told stories that happened in kitchens
25.The underlined word”stalled”in paragraph 2 means” ”.
A.stopped making money B.stopped following the original plan
C.stopped achieving progress D.stopped attracting the attention of big publishers
26.Jack and Mark sold Chicken Soup for the Soul because .
A.they lost interest in it B.it deserved expansion
C.readers got tired of the series D.it could be sold at a high price
27.What’s the text mainly about?
A.The popularity of Chicken Soup for the Soul.
B.Publishing in different periods.
C.The importance of readers’ support.
D.The history of Chicken Soup for the Soul.
The following safety risks may result in serious injury or death to the user of the MINI Coopers:
●This product contains small parts that are for adult assembly（组装）only.Keep small children away when assembling.Remove all protective materials before assembly.Be sure to remove all packaging materials and parts from underneath the car body.
●Battery posts contain lead known to the state of California to cause cancer and reproductive harm.Never open the battery.
●Body parts such as hands,legs,hair and clothing can get caught in moving parts.Never place a body part near a moving part or wear loose clothing while using the vehicle.Always wear shoes when using the vehicle.
●Using the vehicle near streets,motor vehicles,drop-offs such as steps,water（swimming pools）or other bodies of water,hills,wet areas,in alleys,at night or in the dark could result in an unexpected accident.Instead,use the vehicle on the highway.Always use the vehicle in a safe,secure environment.
●Using the vehicle in unsafe conditions such as snow,rain,loose dirt,mud,or sand may result in unexpected action,for example tip over.
●Using the vehicle in an unsafe manner.Examples include but are not limited to:
Pulling the vehicle with another vehicle or similar device
Allowing more than two riders
Pushing the user from the back
Traveling at an unsafe speed
●Always use common sense and safe practices when using the vehicle.
●Store the vehicle indoors or cover it to protect it from weather.Water will damage the motor,electric system,and battery.
21.When assembling,you should .
A.open the battery on the spot B.ignore the packaging materials
C.keep small children off the spot D.take away all protective materials
22.According to the text,it is safer to .
A.have at least four passengers B.push the user from behind at the start
C.drive on the highway instead of on hills D.wear loose clothes while using the vehicle
23.Where can you probably find the text?
A.An official report. B.A popular magazine.
C.A physics textbook. D.A product handbook.
Half off usually unaffordable products? Only $49.99 for that $100.00 dinner? That’s the magic of Groupon, but for some small business owners the “great business” offered by Groupon can be equal to the kiss of death. How could that occur?
The math of Groupon seems simple at a glance, but upon further inspection the numbers don’t add up when it comes to smaller businesses. A Groupon typically offers a 50% discount on a product or service, then the remaining profit is divided between Groupon and the small business. While Groupon has already received the profit in advance, the merchant is left waiting for their cut. Those worrying numbers are assuming the price cut is 50/50, which, in some cases, is being generous.
When you break it down to numbers, a Groupon deal seems disastrous, but it’s not only the numbers small business owners have to worry about. The point of Groupon deals is to attract new and hopefully long term customers. Yet, does this actually happen? The majority of consumers buying the Groupon are there for the bargain and don’t return after using their Groupon. CFHS Junior Angelita Pope stated, “I love the deals offered by Groupon! They can really save you so much money.” However, she went on to say that she hadn’t returned once to any of the businesses after using her Groupon.
For some small businesses, the pressure lies with the responses of their loyal customers, who watch as new faces get the same product or service for half the price that they have been paying for years. When you break it down, Groupon indicates that the business offering the deal is not only willing to be flexible with their price, but also that their product or service isn’t worth the price they’re charging for. When combining these factors, it’s no wonder loyal customers are put off by the idea of their favorite shop offering Groupons.
Now I by no means say Groupon have bad effects on all businesses; however the storm of Groupon is actually a disaster for a small business.
32．What is good about Groupon?
A．It can offer a large discount.
B．It helps add up the numbers.
C．It can improve the quality of the product.
D．It brings small business owners more profit.
33．CFHS Junior Angelita Pope’s statement suggests that _______.
A．small business owners needn’t worry about deals
B．people like using Groupon in the same business
C．the purpose of Groupon is to promote business
D．Groupon may not bring customers back
34．What does the underlined word “they” in Paragraph 4 refer to?
A．New faces. B．Loyal customers.
C．Groupon dealers. D．Small businesses.
35．What could be the best title for the text?
A．A new business trend—Groupon dealing
B．The development of a Groupon company
C．The effects of Groupon on small businesses
D．A fantastic shopping experience—Groupon
Patients in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease often struggle to remember recently learned information, meaning they forget things like important appointments or where they left their keys. But it seems that these memories are not lost. They are still filed away in the brain somewhere; they just can’t be easily accessed.
Now, researchers at MIT have developed a means of getting back memories in mice suffering from Alzheimer’s. The method relies on a technique that uses light to control genetically modified neurons (转基因神经元). Currently it is too early to be used in human trials as it involves inserting light emitting (发光) equipment into the subjects’ brains, but the same principles still apply, the researchers said.
“The important point is that this is evidence of concept. That is, even if a memory seems to be gone, it is still there. It’s a matter of how to get it back,” said senior researcher Susumu Tonegawa.
The team took two groups of mice, one genetically engineered to develop Alzheimer’s and one healthy. They then placed them into a room and gave them a mild electric shock. All of the mice showed fear when put back in an hour later. When placed in the room a third time several days later, the Alzheimer’s mice acted normally. They had forgotten the shock.
The researchers were then able to bring back the memory of the shock by activating (激活) the cells in which the memories were stored. Even when the mice were put into an unfamiliar room, they showed fear when the cells associated with the shock were activated.
“Short-term memory seems to be normal, on the order of hours. But for long-term memory, these early-Alzheimer’s mice seem to be damaged,” said lead researcher Dheeraj Roy. “Directly activating the cells that we believe are holding the memory helps them get it back. This suggests that it is indeed an access problem to the information, not that they’re unable to learn or store this memory.”
28．What can we learn about the researchers at MIT?
A．They are the pioneers of brain research.
B．They have used the method in human trials.
C．They can cure Alzheimer’s using the new method.
D．They can get back memories in mice with Alzheimer’s.
29．Why did the Alzheimer’s mice behave normally a third time?
A．They failed to remember the electric shock.
B．They were accustomed to the situation.
C．They managed to overcome the fear.
D．They activated the association.
30．For long-term memory, the early Alzheiher’s mice _______.
A．can activate their blood cells B．can’t learn new tricks well
C．can easily get back their memory D．can’t access the information stored
31．The main purpose of the text is to _______.
A．introduce a method of a research
B．report the latest discovery about a disease
C．give advice on how to improve memory
D．explain how our brain stores information
Many young people these days adore the advertised magazine body and become too focused on attaining this image instead of worrying more about what lasts and even grows over time. But could you imagine being considered beautiful for years, and suddenly being ugly after moving to another continent? It is a sad reality that people don’t realize how vacillating the idea of beauty can be from one country to another.
Think of the most typical American girl you know. Is she blonde haired with white skin and light eyes, and does she love shopping or sports? Now place this girl in the heart of Africa, a place where beauty is placed on what you can control. The Maasai tribe in Kenya focuses on how clean people are, and how stylish their piercings (穿孔) are. This tribe’s culture is to be a brave fighter, so they will cut their skin with patterns in it to show that they are strong. If you don’t look fierce, you are not beautiful.
Other countries like North Korea and South Korea have their own unique views on beauty. In an interview, a woman who has lived in both North and South Korea claims that beauty in North Korea is based more on your ability to be a good woman and wife. She says that women in North Korea are less concerned about fashion and beauty in the physical sense. She says they did have a time when big eyes were a big deal and everyone wanted to get double eyelid surgery. This is something extreme and could perhaps be influenced by Western culture. And the idea of getting surgery done to look more attractive is crazy.
24．What does the underlined word “vacillating” in Paragraph 1 probably mean?
A．Inconsistent. B．Reasonable. C．Unusual. D．Similar.
25．The Maasai tribe in Kenya is mentioned to show that in their eyes _______.
A．being dirty is stylish B．looking fierce is beautiful
C．strong people cut their skin D．American girls love shopping
26．According to the woman interviewed, women in North Korea _______.
A．care a lot about their appearance B．put the beauty of eyes in the first place
C．pay great attention to their ability D．are crazy about double eyelid surgery
27．What does the text mainly tell us?
A．Inner beauty is of great importance.
B．Ideas of beauty vary among culture groups.
C．Different ways are needed to admire true beauty.
D．Fashion magazines easily influence young people.
Bookstores are a traveller's best friend: they provide convenient shelter in bad weather, and they often host readings and other cultural events. Here is a look at world’s six greatest bookstores.
Adrian Harrington—since 1971. Rare books; rare first editions; leather bound sets and general antiquarian (古玩). Address: 64a Kensington Church Street, Kensington, London, England, U.K.
Another Country—Kreuzberg, Berlin, Germany. Another Country is an English Language second hand bookshop which is mostly used as a library. They have about 20,000 books that you can buy or borrow. Some regular events are held at the shop, such as readings, cultural events, social evenings and film nights.
Atlantis Books—Oía, Santorini, Greece. Atlantis Books is an independent bookshop on the island of Santorini, Greece, founded in 2004 by a group of friends from Cyprus, England, and the United States. Throughout the year it has hosted literary festivals, film screenings, book readings, and good old fashioned dance parties.
Bart’s Books—Ojai, California, U.S.A. “The World’s Greatest Outdoor Bookstore”, a bookstore founded by Richard Bartinsdale in 1964. Shelves of books face the street, and regular customers are asked to drop coins into the door’s coin box to pay for any books they take whenever the store is closed.
Corso Como Bookshop—Milan, Italy. Extensive selection of publication on art, architecture, design, graphics and fashion, along with a strong emphasis on photography. It was founded in 1990 in Milan, Italy, by Carla Sozzani.
The Bookworm—Beijing, China. A bookshop, library, bar, restaurant and event space, now with four divisions in three cities—Beijing, Suzhou and Chengdu. The interconnecting rooms with floor-to-ceiling books on every wall are light and airy in summer, yet warm and comfortable in winter.
21．Which of the following bookstores has the longest history?
A．Adrian Harrington. B．Atlantis Books.
C．Bart’s Books. D．Corso Como Bookshop.
22．What can you do in Atlantis Books?
A．Attend a festival. B．Kill time in a bar.
C．Enjoy rare books. D．Buy books anytime.
23．How is The Bookworm different from the other bookstores?
A．It is used as a library. B．It hosts all sorts of activities.
C．It focuses on photography. D．It has branches in different cities.
Imagine you’re at a party full of strangers. You’re nervous. Who are these people? How do you start a conversation? Fortunately, you’ve got a thing that sends out energy at tiny chips in everyone’s name tag. The chips send back name, job, hobbies, and the time available for meeting-whatever. Making new friends becomes simple.
This hasn’t quite happened in real life. But the world is already experiencing a revolution using RFID technology.
An RFID tag with a tiny chip can be fixed in a product, under your pet’s skin, even under your own skin. Passive RFID tags have no energy source-batteries because they do not need it. The energy comes from the reader, a scanning device, that sends out energy (for example, radio waves) that starts up the tag immediately.
Such a tag carries information specific to that object, and the data can be updated. Already, RFID technology is used for recognizing each car or truck on the road and it might appear in your passport. Doctors can put a tiny chip under the skin that will help locate and obtain a patient’s medical records. At a nightclub in Paris or in New York the same chip gets you into the VIP section and pays for the bill with the wave of an arm.
Take a step back: 10 or 12 years ago, you would have heard about the coming age of computing. One example always seemed to surface: Your refrigerator would know when you needed to buy more milk. The concept was that computer chips could be put everywhere and send information in a smart network that would make ordinary life simpler.
RFID tags are a small part of this phenomenon. “The world is going to be a loosely coupled set of individual small devices, connected wirelessly,” predicts Dr. J. Reich. Human right supporters are nervous about the possibilities of such technology. It goes too far tracking school kids through RFID tags, they say. We imagine a world in which a beer company could find out not only when you bought a beer but also when you drank it. And how many beers. Accompanied by how many biscuits.
When Marconi invented radio, he thought it would be used for ship-to-shore communication. Not for pop music. Who knows how RFID and related technologies will be used in the future. Here’s a wild guess: Not for buying milk.
12. The article is intended to .
A. warn people of the possible risks in adopting RFID technology
B. explain the benefits brought about by RFID technology
C. convince people of the uses of RFID technology
D. predict the applications of RFID technology
13. We know from the passage that with the help of RFID tags, people .
A. will have no trouble getting data about others
B. will have more energy for conversation
C. will have more time to make friends
D. won’t feel shy at parties any longer
14. Why are some people worried about RFID technology?
A. Because children will be tracked by strangers.
B. Because market competition will become more fierce.
C. Because their private lives will be greatly affected.
D. Because customers will be forced to buy more products.
15. The last paragraph implies that RFID technology .
A. will not be used for such matters as buying milk
B. will be widely used, including for buying milk
C. will only be used for buying milk
D. will probably not be widely used
Times are a little tough at our house right now. Neither of us makes a lot of money, but years of experience have taught us how to walk between the raindrops and make it from one month to the next with a fair amount of grace. I cook a lot at home, more when we're facing lean times. When I know that I have to keep us fed on not much money, I fall back on my grandmother's recipes. She taught me to cook.
When I was a kid, my twin brother and I spent long summer weeks and Christmas vacations with my mother's parents in the mountains of North Carolina. Rather than go hunting with my grandfather on frozen mornings, I found myself more and more in the kitchen with my grandmother, watching her making a lemon cheese pie with her soft hands.
My great-grandmother died when my grandmother was 11 years old. As the eldest daughter, she was expected to take on all of the housework while attending school. Throughout the Great Depression, she learned how to make a little food go a long way. Vegetables were cheap, so she cooked a lot of them, mostly only using small amounts of meat for seasoning. Roast beef was a twice-a-month luxury, but there was nothing she couldn't do with a chicken, every part of it. Nothing went to waste.
Now I understand that her food was sacred. I feel connected to my grandmother and to hundreds of years of family when I'm in my kitchen making country food. In the delicious smells is a long tale of victory over hard times, of conquering starvation—of not just surviving, but finding joy and pleasure in every meal of every day.
From grandmother I learned to take real satisfaction in feeding people. My grandmother would beam with pleasure over a heavily laden table and say, “Do you know what this would cost at the restaurant? ” I never knew what restaurant in particular she had in mind, but I knew that the question was totally not fair, because no restaurant anywhere can cook like a grandmother. But now, thanks to her guidance and years of practice, I can.
8. According to the passage, the author cooks a lot at home because__________.
A. she wants to try out her grandmother’s recipes
B. she and her husband are quite particular about food
C. she enjoys cooking at home
D. she and her husband are embarrassed financially
9. What does the underlined word “lean” mean in the first paragraph?
A. with a bad harvest B. with little money
C. with little enengy D. with little work
10. According to the passage, the author’s grandmother__________.
A. learnt to cook throughout the Great Depression
B. was careful in budgeting
C. preferred chicken to beef
D. was careful in cooking vegetables
11. Which of the following can be the best title of the passage?
A. Cook like My Grandmother B. My Grandmother’s Sacred Food
C. My Grandmother’s Recipe D. Joy and Pleasure in Cooking
The editor of the new Cool Camping Britain guide chooses some of his favorite new finds in England, Wales and Scotland.
Cleadale, Isle of Eigg, Inner Hebrides
Is this Britain’s most beautiful campsite? From the grassy point looking seaward to the mountains, it’s not hard for campers to see how the island inspired The Lord of the Rings author’s fantasy landscapes. The campsite itself is as wild and wonderful as its setting.
Open April - September, from ￡5 per tent per night.
Swattesfield, Thornham Magna, Suffolk
Deep in the wilds of north Suffolk, this seven-acre campsite has only been open for a few years, with two fields separated by a lake and surrounded by woodland. The position is perfect. It’s a great place to do nothing but get into nature. You can put up your tent in the bottom field or the woodland beyond.
Open Easter - October, from ￡10 per tent per night.
Pleasant Streams Farm, near St Austell, Cornwall
This site, by a lake, is all about simple pleasures. Located in the former mining village, it has a summerhouse(凉亭) with books and games for a rainy day. There are many animals including pigs, hens, goats and ducks on the farm and a pub just a 10- minute stroll away. There’s very little to do here, no bells and no whistles. Campfires are encouraged.
Open Easter - September, from ￡10 per tent per night.
Troytown Campsite, St Agnes, Isles of Sciily
Its only campsite, Troytown, couldn’t be in a more remote position. Isolation is its greatest advantage — so bring plenty of books to read and don’t expect a phone signal. But at least one of life’s necessities is available. Lying on the hillside overlooking the bay and near the island of the Gugh, it might just win the prize for best beer garden view in England.
Open March - October, from ￡7. 50 per tent per night,
1. Which of the following is TRUE about Cleadale, Isle of Eigg, Inner Hebrides?
A. It has been open for a few years. B. A beautiful lake surrounds it.
C. It offers the longest service. D. The rent of a tent per night is the lowest.
2. Which place can you choose if you like a simple farm life?
A. Cleadale, Isle of Eigg, Inner Hebrides.
B. Swattesfield, Thornham Magna, Suffolk.
C. Pleasant Streams Farm, near St Austell, Cornwall.
D. Troytown Campsite, St Agnes, Isles of Scilly.
3. In Troytown Campsite, St Agnes, Isles of Scilly, you can’t ________.
A. contact others by phones B. view the bay from the hillside
C. get everyday necessities D. relax yourself by reading
Since the beginning of time never has there been another with my mind, my heart, my eyes, my ears, my hands, my mouth. None that came before, none that live today, and none that come tomorrow can walk and talk and move and think exactly like me. I’m a unique creature.
Vain attempts to imitate others no longer will I make. Instead will I place my uniqueness on display in the market place. I will begin now to highlight my differences; hide my similarities.
I am rare, and therefore I am valuable. I am the end product of thousands of years of evolution; therefore, I am better equipped in both mind and body than all the emperors and wise men before me.
But my skills, my mind, my heart, and my body will weaken, rot, and die for fear that I put them to good use. I have unlimited potential. Only a tiny part of my brain do I employ; only a small amount of my muscle do I apply.
So never again will I be satisfied with yesterday's accomplishments nor will I lose myself, anymore, in self-praise for deeds which in reality are too small to even acknowledge. I can accomplish far more than I have, and I will. I am not on this earth by chance. I am here for a purpose and that purpose is to grow into a mountain, not to shrink to a grain of sand. Henceforth(从今往后) will I apply all my efforts to become the highest mountain of all and I will strain my potential until it cries for mercy.
I will increase my knowledge of mankind, myself, and the goods I sell. I will practice, and improve, and polish the words I speak to multiply my sales, for this is the foundation on which I will build my career. Also will I seek constantly to improve my manners and graces, for they are the sugar to which all are attracted.
I have been given eyes to see and a mind to think and now I know a great secret of life that all my problems, discouragements, and heartaches are, in truth, great opportunities in disguise. I am nature’s greatest miracle. And nature knows not defeat. Eventually, she achieves victory and so will I, and with each victory the next struggle becomes less difficult.
24. It can be inferred from the text that the author is most probably a(n) _________.
A. robot B. soldier C. salesman D. athlete
25. Which of the following can best describe the author’s character?
A. Intelligent, calm and content. B. Confident, modest and realistic.
C. Independent, cold and aggressive. D. Ambitious, confident and optimistic.
26. According to the text, which of the following is fundamental to the author’s career building?
A. Knowledge of mankind. B. Speaking skills.
C. Prediction of the market. D. sense of victory.
27. What is the best title for the passage?
A. Nature’s greatest miracle B. The power of being different
C. The great secret of life D. Great opportunities in disguise
The Puritans (清教徒) get a bad reputation in America－especially when it comes to alcohol.
Mayflower, the first ship that came over from England to Massachusetts Bay, actually carried more beer than water. In fact the Founding Fathers of America liked a drink－Samuel Adams was a partner in his father’s brewery, and Thomas Jefferson was famous for importing European wines.
Early Americans took a healthful small drink for breakfast, whiskey was a typical lunchtime drink, ale (麦芽酒) accompanied supper and the day ended with another drink called nightcap. Most Americans in 1790 consumed an average of 5.8 gallons of pure alcohol a year. In 1830, consumption reached 7.1 gallons a year and alcoholism was starting to have a serious influence on communities. Women and children might be in physical danger if the man of the house began drinking. If he became ill or lost his job through drinking, there was no social safety net to support or protect his family. Eventually, alcoholism was being treated as a disease.
By the late 19th Century, support for Prohibition, banning the manufacture and sale of alcohol, was powerful. The first arrest for driving under the influence of alcohol was in 1897. On 16 January 1919, Prohibition was set into law. However, by the 1930s when American economy was experiencing a hard time it was widely believed that making alcohol legal again would provide badly-needed jobs and taxes. So in February of 1933, Prohibition was ended. Still, Prohibition had a great influence on alcohol drinking in this country. In 1955, Americans drank an average of 2.3 gallons of pure alcohol a year. The Prohibition movement was still quite strong after Prohibition ended and it led to a lot of local prohibition on alcohol.
The American presidency has done a lot to rehabilitate alcohol and make it respectable again. Presidents Richard Nixon, Jimmy Carter, Bill Clinton, Ronald Reagan and Barack Obama can all be seen on film drinking socially and making official toasts with international celebrities.
32. Which is TRUE about the Puritans according to the passage?
A. Their ancestors came to America to sell alcohol.
B. They founded the breweries in European countries.
C. They had a habit of alcohol drinking.
D. They were the major importer of alcohol.
33. In what way was an alcoholic’s family affected by alcoholism?
A. His family couldn’t afford the drink.
B. His family might suffer financially.
C. His wife and children might become ill.
D. His family might not be treated equally.
34. What can be learned about Prohibition in America?
A. It came into law in the 19th century.
B. It discouraged alcohol drinking.
C. Its effect disappeared after its removal.
D. It failed to forbid drunk driving.
35. The passage mainly talks about ________．
A. the brief history of alcohol drinking in America
B. American presidents’ affection for alcohol drinking
C. the Puritans’ bad reputation in America
D. the reasons why Prohibition came into law
A German company was concerned about talks in Moscow trying to sell some 100 million dollars worth of equipment to a Russian State company. Talks went smoothly but differences remained. So Martin Bayer himself, the CEO of the German Company, decided to come to Moscow to head the talks. Besides caring about his business, the CEO wanted to go to Russia to hunt bears.
Martin Bayer was one of the greatest hunters of our time (and the Russians knew about it). He went to the Sahara more than hundred times and hunted lions, crocodiles; he hunted polar bears in the North Pole and tigers in the rain forests of India. But he had never hunted Russian bears.
So the Russians decided to organize a bear hunt for Mr. Bayer to sweeten the talks. This wasn't a simple task. Some people in the west still believe that bears may be found and seen everywhere in Russian cities just like squirrels may be seen in our back yards. This is not true. The closest place one may find bears in the wild is maybe 2,500 miles away from Moscow. However, a solution was quickly found. The Russian businessmen went to Moscow Circus（马戏团）and for $2,000 bought a very old bear. This bear used to amuse and amaze audiences in many countries for 30 years, but got and looked too old, and was retired.
“Be careful, the Russian bears are very dangerous, and frightening,” they told to Mr. Bayer. “If compared to the Russian bears, your African lions are nothing more than harmless cats.” The bear was brought to a forest 50 miles from Moscow and was left there. Mr. Bayer was told that bears were plentiful in that forest and that many cattle and even people had been eaten in the surrounding villages.
Meanwhile, an 18-year old female drove through the forest on a motorcycle and suddenly saw a bear (no bears had been seen in those places for 200 years). She was frightened, fell, left her helmet and her motorcycle and ran away.
Mr. Bayer was excited and ready to hunt. This could become the most successful part of his extraordinary hunting experience. The next moment Mr. Bayer saw a bear in a helmet driving on a motorcycle through the forest in front of him. The bear had a happy expression on his face, as he was doing something he had been doing in the circus for 30 years: circling on a motorcycle!
Mr. Bayer lives in a private mental institution near Hamburg happily ever after. The equipment was never sold to Russia. It was sold to Iraq instead.
21. Why did the Russians invite Mr. Bayer to hunt bears?
A. Russian bears are famous for their cruelty.
B. They managed to find a bear for hunting.
C. They expected the trade to be successful.
D. There was a bear in Moscow Circus.
22. Why did the Russians say “Be careful, the Russian bears are very dangerous, and frightening”?
A. To tell Mr. Bayer that many people had been killed by bears.
B. To make Mr. Bayer feel the hunting really challenging.
C. To warn Mr. Bayer to mind his safety while hunting.
D. To tell Mr. Bayer that the bear is really dangerous.
23. We can infer from the last paragraph that __________.
A. Mr. Bayer has gone mad B. the bear injured him badly
C. he has worked in a mental institution since then
D. the trade has gone smoothly between Russian and Iraq
Ask most people how they define the American Dream and chances are they’ll say, “Success.” The dream of individual opportunity has been home in American since Europeans discovered a “new world” in the Western Hemisphere. Early immigrants like Hector St. Jean de Crevecoeur praised highly the freedom and opportunity to be found in this new land. His glowing descriptions of a classless society where anyone could attain success through honesty and hard work fired the imaginations of many European readers: in Letters from an American Farmer (1782) he wrote. “We are all excited at the spirit of an industry which is unfettered (无拘无束的) and unlimited, because each person works for himself … We have no princes, for whom we toil (干苦力活)，starve, and bleed: we are the most perfect society now existing in the world.” The promise of a land where “the rewards of a man’s industry follow with equal steps the progress of his labor” drew poor immigrants from Europe and fueled national expansion into the western territories.
We Americans have heard many illustrations of the American success stories. There’s Benjamin Franklin, the very model of the self-educated, self-made man, who rose from modest origins to become a well-known scientist, philosopher, and statesman. In the nineteenth century, Horatio Alger, a writer of fiction for young boys, became American’s best-selling author with rags-to-riches tales. The conception of success haunts us: we spend million every year reading about the rich and famous, learning how to “make a fortune in real estate with no money down,” and “dressing for success.” The myth of success has even affected our personal relationships: today it’s as important to be “successful” in marriage or parenthoods as it is to come out on top in business.
But dreams easily turn into nightmares. Every American who hopes to “make it” also knows the fear of failure, because the myth of success inevitably implies comparison between the haves and the have-nots, the stars and the anonymous crowd. Under pressure of the myth, we become indulged in status symbols: we try to live in the “right” neighborhoods, wear the “right” clothes, eat the “right” foods. These symbols of distinction assure us and others that we believe strongly in the fundamental equality of all, yet work as hard as we can to separate ourselves from our fellow citizens.
28. What is the essence of the American Dream according to Crevecoeur?
A. People can fully enjoy individual freedom.
B. People who are honest and work hard can succeed.
C. People are free from exploitation and oppression.
D. People are free to develop their power of imagination.
29. By saying “the rewards of a man’s industry follow with equal steps the progress of his labor” (Para. 1), the author means _____.
A. laborious work ensures the growth of an industry
B. a company’s success depends on its employees’ effort
C. the more hard-working one is, the bigger his returns
D. a man’s business should be developed step by step
30. The characters described in Horatio Alger’s novels are people who _______.
A. succeed in real estate investment
B. became wealthy after starting life very poor
C. earned enormous fortunes by chance
D. became famous despite their modest origins
31. What is the contradiction of American culture according to the author?
A. The American road to success is full of nightmares.
B. Status symbols are not a real indicator of a person’s wealth.
C. What Americans chase is not often consistent with their beliefs.
D. The American Dream is nothing but an empty dream.
About five years ago, an American electrical engineer named Scott Brusaw and his wife Julie came up with the idea of putting solar panels on the ground rather than the roof. Then they began to develop the Solar Roadway. The Solar Roadway is an intelligent road that provides clean renewable energy using power from the sun while providing safer driving conditions, along with power and data delivery. They predict that the Solar Roadway will pay for itself through the generation of electricity along with other forms of income and that the same money that is being used to build and resurface current roads can be used to build the Solar Roadways.
Each Solar Road Panel measures roughly 4 meters by 4 meters and contains a microprocessor (微处理器) that monitors and controls the panel, while communicating with neighboring panels and the vehicles traveling overhead. The inventors suggest that this provides a communications device every 4 meters on every road which could be used for example to warn drivers of cars which are moving across a centre line and various other speed control problems. The top of the Solar Road panels is made of super-strong glass that would offer vehicles the tractions (抓地力) they need.
According to the inventors, the Solar Roadway creates and carries clean renewable electricity and therefore electric vehicles can be recharged at any conveniently located rest stop, or at any business that has paved Solar Road Panels in their parking lots.
The inventors say their Solar Roadway has many functions and advantages from main roads to driveways, parking lots, bike paths, sidewalks and runways. The Federal Highway Administration has given Brusaw $100,000 to develop the invention and Brusaw hopes to build a smart-road parking lot in the coming spring .
24. In the inventors’ opinion, the Solar Roadway _____.
A. is too expensive to build at present B. will bring them a large sum of money
C. can provide as many data as present computers
D. costs no more money than current roads
25. The underlined word “they” in Paragraph 2 refers to _____.
A. the panels B. the vehicles C. the researchers D. the inventors
26. It can be inferred from the text that _____.
A. the Solar Roadway is not available for gas-powered cars
B. $100,000 is only enough to build a smart-road parking lot
C. the Solar Roadway has already been put into use
D. future electric vehicles can be charged anytime and anywhere
27. What can be the best title for the text?
A. The influence the Solar Roadway has on people B. The great changes on the roadway
C. Solar-powered smart road of the future D. The Solar Road — a much faster road
In the US and Britain, the slogan around colleges was “Save water. Shower with a friend.” Now, Wuhan University has come up with another system for the campus bathhouse. It charges students for the amount of time in a shower. Before entering the bathhouse, students pay for the amount of time they want in the shower with cash or their student ID card. The clock starts ticking the minute the tape is turned on. It pauses when a button is pressed for soap. An integrated circuit(IC) card reader at each tap shows the time. No money, no water. The benefits of the new system can be seen with the old system, which charged 1 Yuan for each person regardless of time in the shower. The university used about 320 tones of water daily under the old system, but only 160 tons now.
Many students use the new system but opinions on it are divided. Some students say it is bad because bathing had become a sort of race. Many people using it for the first time are not sure how long they need to shower. Some might be embarrassed if their time is up and they’re still covered in soap. They have to ask the bathhouse worker to help them buy extra time.
“It’s a flaw in the system that you can not buy extra time on the ID card,” said Ren, a freshman in Wuhan University. The university is also considering some students’ suggestions that they be allowed to pay after they’ve finished the shower. Not surprisingly, some are complaining about losing the hour shower. But many students say the move helps them develop a water-saving sense.
Without the time limits, most students tended to shower for 30 to an hour in the bathhouse.Some even used the hot water to wash their clothes. “In my experience, 10-20 minutes is enough,” said Dai Zhihua, a third-year student who usually takes 8 minutes.
A similar system has been installed in other universities. Shanghai Normal University introduced it at its Fengxiang Campus in September. The bathing fee there is 0.2 Yuan per minute. One male student responded by setting a record with a two-minute shower.
25．The underline word “flaw” (Paragraph3) most probably means______.
A. perfection B. fault C. pity D. advantage
26．Since the new system has performed, ______ of water can be saved.
A. one half B. one third C. a quarter D. two thirds
27．It can be inferred from the passage that______.
A. the new operation can solve the water crisis.
B. The university has saved a lot of water by using the new system.
C. a similar operation has been set in other universities.
D. The new operation can raise students’ environmental awareness system.
28．In which column can you find this passage?
A. People. B. Society C. Campus Life. D. Lifestyle
In October 2013, Davion Only made an appeal (请求) on the Internet. He had learned that his biological mother had died not long before. “My name is Davion and I’ve been in foster care (寄养照管) since I was born,” he said, “but I’m not giving up hope.”
The heartbreaking appeal spread quickly, and Only’s foster agency received calls from more than 10,000 people. Only ended up travelling to Ohio to live with a family. But after Only got into a physical fight with one of his elder would-be brothers, the family changed their minds.
Back in Florida, Only passed through four different temporary homes over the following year, until he called Connie Going, his adoption case worker, to make a special request. Only had known Going for nearly ten years, and had asked every year if she would adopt him, but she always hesitated. “I always believed there was a better family than us out there,” Going said in an interview. But last July, when Only called and asked again if she might adopt him, Going said something felt different. “When he asked me, my heart felt this ache and I just knew he was my son,” she said.
So Going, 52, invited Only to start spending time with the rest of her family — her two daughters, Sydney, 21, and Carly, 17, and a son, Taylor, 14, who she also adopted out of foster care. Eventually, after seeing how well the arrangement was working, Going, who had rented a bigger home, started adopting Only. Only moved in with her family last December. He officially joined Going’s family on April 22, 2015 when the adoption papers went through.
“Today, I feel blessed and honored to have been chosen to be the parent of all my children,” Going said.
62. By making the appeal, Davion Only hoped that .
A. service in his foster agency would improve
B. his biological mother would come to him
C. he would be adopted by a family
D. a foster agency would accept him
63. Davion Only didn’t live with the family in Ohio because .
A. they finally refused to accept him
B. he hated living with them
C. he has received another invitation
D. he often fought with his would-be brothers
64. What do we know from Paragraph 3?
A. Davion Only had fun living in different homes.
B. Connie Going had cared about Davion Only for over ten years.
C. Connie Going believed she would give Davion Only what he wanted.
D. Davion Only had a strong desire to be adopted by Connie Going.
65. After Davion Only joined Connie Going’s family, .
A. Connie Going bought a bigger house
B. the four kids often had physical fights
C. Connie Going didn't regret her decision
D. another three kids were later adopted as well
Do you drink water that's been left sitting out overnight or even for another day? Have you noticed it tastes different?
Tap water that has been left to sit out slowly begins to acquire (获得) off taste. Many people think that this is because of microorganisms. But that’s not what makes old water taste not fresh. For that we can thank carbon dioxide. After about 12 hours, tap water starts to go flat as carbon dioxide in the air starts to mix with the water in the glass, lowering its pH and giving it an off taste. But it’s most likely safe to drink.
However, back to those microorganisms. If you use a dirty glass day after day, there is more of a chance of bacteria making themselves known; a risk that increases if you share the glass with another mouth as well. But assuming (假设) you use a fresh glass every few days, you probably won’t have a problem unless the glass has been touched by dirty fingers, and especially if those dirty fingers went unwashed after using the bathroom.
As for plastic water bottles that have been left out in the sun or in the car, step away from the bottle, warns Dr. Kellogg Schwab, director of the Johns Hopkins University Water Institute. “A chemical called bisphenol-A, or BPA, along with other things used to make plastic can leach (过滤) into your water if the bottle heats up or sits in the sun,” he explains. BPA, as you probably know, has been linked to everything from heart disease to cancer. Schwab also adds that plastic used for commercial bottled water isn’t meant to be washed or refilled, so use only one time and recycle. Or don’t buy them at all; use refillable water bottles instead.
58. Tap water begins to acquire off taste because of .
B. carbon dioxide
C. the glass
D. the microorganism
59. According to Paragraph 2, tap water that’s been left sitting out for 12 hours .
A. is still safe to drink
B. tastes better
C. contains few microorganisms
D. is most likely undrinkable
60. What should we do with plastic water bottles that have been left out in the sun or in the car?
A. Throw them away.
B. Clean them and use them again.
C. Use them after they cool down.
D. Refill them with fresh water.
61. Which of the following is true about BPA?
A. It is safe for people to use.
B. It is a kind of new material.
C. It can cause great harm to people.
D. It is the main material to make plastic.
Liverpool, my hometown, is a special city. It is so unique that in 2004 it became a World Heritage（遗产）Site.
I recently returned to my home city and my first stop was at a museum on the River Mersey. Blanketed in mist（薄雾），Victorian architecture rose from the banks of the river, responded to the sounds of sea-birds, and appeared unbelievably charming. When I headed toward the centre, I found myself surrounded by buildings that mirror the best palaces of Europe. It is not hard to imagine why, on first seeing the city, most visitors would be overpowered by the beauty of the noble buildings, which are solid signs of Liverpool’s history.
As if to stress its cultural role, Liverpool has more museums and galleries than most cities in Britain. At Walker Art Gallery, I was told that it has the best collections of Victorian paintings in the world, and is the home of modern art in the north of England. However, culture is more than galleries. Liverpool offers many music events. As Britain’s No. 1 music city, it has the biggest city music festival in Europe, and its musicians are famous all over the world. Liverpool is also well-known for its football and other sports events. Every year, the Mersey River Festival attracts thousands of visitors, making the city a place of wonder.
As you would expect from such a city, there are restaurants serving food from around the world. When my trip was about to complete, I chose to rest my legs in Liverpool’s famous Philharmonic pub（酒馆）. It is a monument to perfection, and a heritage attraction itself.
Being a World Heritage Site, my home city is certainly a place of “outstanding universal value”. It is a treasure house with plenty of secrets for the world to explore.
33. Visitors who see the city for the first time would be deeply impressed by__________.
A. its charming banks B. its famous museums
C. its wonderful palaces D. its attractive buildings
34. Liverpool has important cultural role because __________.
A. it has the best collections of Victorian paintings
B. it has museums, galleries, music festival and sports events
C. the Mersey River Festival attracts thousands of visitors
D. the best palaces of Europe are in Liverpool
35. The author uses the Philharmonic pub to prove that__________.
A. Liverpool is a well-known city for its restaurants
B. Liverpool is an impressive place full of attraction
C. a pub is a wonderful place for visitors to relax themselves
D. a pub is a perfect choice for visitors to complete their journey
Grown-ups are often surprised by how well they remember something they learned as children but have never practiced ever since. A man who has not had a chance to go swimming for years can still swim as well as ever when he gets back in the water. He can get on a bicycle after many years and still ride away. A mother who has not thought about the words for years can teach her daughter the poem that begins "Twinkle, twinkle, little star" or remember the story of Cinderella or Goldilocks and the Three Bears.
One explanation is the law of overlearning, which can be stated as follows: Once we have learned something, extra learning attempts or tries to increase the length of time we will remember it.
In childhood we usually continue to practice such skills as swimming, and bicycle riding long after we have learned them. We continue to listen to and remind ourselves of words such as "Twinkle, twinkle, little star" and childhood tales such as Cinderella and Goldilocks. We not only learn but overlearn.
The multiplication tables(乘法口诀表) are an exception（例外） to the general rule that we forget rather quickly the things that we learn in school, because they are another of the things we overlearn in childhood.
The law of overlearning explains why cramming(突击学习)for an examination, though it may result in a passing grade, is not a satisfactory way to learn a college course. By cramming, a student may learn the subject well enough to pass the examination, but he is likely soon to forget almost everything he learned. A little overlearning, on the other hand, is really necessary for one's future development.
29. What is the main idea of paragraph 1?
A. People remember well what they learned in childhood.
B. Children have a better memory than grown-ups.
C. Poem reading is a good way to learn words.
D. Stories for children are easy to remember.
30. The author tells the experience in childhood in order to __________.
A. remember the good old days B. let readers follow the example
C. explain the law of overlearning D. help readers understand the importance of knowledge
31. According to the author, being able to use multiplication tables is__________.
A. a step towards studies B. a result of overlearning
C. a special case of cramming D. a skill to deal with math problems
32. What is the author's opinion on cramming?
A. It's helpful only in a limited way.
B. It causes failure in college exams.
C. It's possible to result in poor memory.
D. It increases students' learning interest.