We all have found memories of taking a few lazy months off after the stress of A-levels. As we draw to the end of an academically and socially packed year, the idea of doing the same again is appealing.
But after graduation, there’ll be few occasions when we can enjoy such extended holidays, free to do as we wish. So now that summer has arrived, let’s take full advantage. It goes without saying that summer vacations are the perfect time to go traveling, especially if you avoid the pricey school holiday period.
Tickets go up greatly when you turn 26, so make the most of cheaper rates while you’re eligible. Finding a reliable company that won’t cheat you is extremely important, as is discovering a program that appeals to your own interests. There are plenty of websites where you can see other people’s recommendations.
Of course for most of us, money is tight—but to avoid overspending you can combine employment and adventure. Hannah Warn, a psychology student at the University of Winchester, is spending her summer at Camp America, an increasingly popular venture where British students enjoy a good time on a summer camp.
“Being thrown into something where I don’t really know what to expect is exciting.” she says.“It gives me a chance to experience being away from home in a different way.”
Those with a talent for languages might also consider working abroad as an au pair. The work may be challenging, but it’s a chance to involve yourself in a new culture while your employer pays most of the bill.
If you have an idea about the sort of career you’d like, getting work experience is wise. In many careers, graduating with only your degree to show for your three or four years just won’t make it. Send applications off early and to as many places as possible. Make sure you take a well-earned break this summer.
24.The author intends to tell us in the passage .
A. ways to make money in summer
B. good memories of the school days
C. stress goes away during the summer holidays
D. tips on how to spend the summer vacation
25.The passage implies that .
A. students can enjoy beneficial price when traveling
B. students who quit school should pay more for travel
C. students will be offered part time jobs in the vacation
D. students will have a longer summer vacation than ever
26.The underlined word “eligible” in the passage means .
A. relaxed B. outstanding C. qualified D. standardized
27.The author took Hannah Warn as an example to .
A. suggest Camp America offers jobs to students
B. show psychology students are good at planning
C. indicate Camp America serves English students
D. imply students can travel around for nothing
Depression is much higher amongst female bosses than male bosses，a new US survey finds.Dr Tetyana Pudrovska，the study's first author，explained：“Women with job authority－the ability to hire，fire，and influence pay－have greatly more symptoms of depression than women without this power.But men with job authority have fewer symptoms of depression than men without such power.”
The study followed 1，500 middle-aged women and 1，300 middle-aged men who all graduated from high schools in Wisconsin.The men and women were surveyed in 1993 and 2004 to look at the connection between how much authority they had at work and symptoms of depression.
The results showed that amongst men and women with lower levels of authority at work，women had slightly higher levels of depression.This is normal since overall women suffer from depression slightly more than men.Amongst men and women with higher levels of authority at work，however，it was women who had many more symptoms of depression than men.Men in authority actually had a 10% lower risk of depression，while authority increased the risk of women having depressive symptoms by 9%.
Dr Pudrovska continued：“What shocked us is that women with job authority in our study are advantaged in terms of most characteristics that are strong signs of positive mental health.These women have more education，higher incomes，better jobs，and higher levels of job satisfaction than women without job authority.Yet，they have worse mental health than lower－status(地位)women.”
The cause of this discrepancy is not known，but Dr Pudrovska says：“Years of social science research suggests that women in authority positions deal with interpersonal anxiety，negative social interactions，negative stereotypes，prejudice，social isolation(社会孤立)，as well as resistance(抵抗)from colleagues.Women in authority positions are viewed as lacking in the assertiveness(果断)and confidence of strong leaders.But when these women display such characteristics，they are judged negatively for being unfeminine(不像女性的)．This causes mental stress.”
Men，on the other hand，do not have to face these kinds of negative stereotypes about their abilities.
29．Which of the following might be the best title of the passage?
A．Female bosses get less stress from work than male bosses.
B．Female bosses get the same stress from work as male bosses.
C．Female bosses get the same stress from work as employees.
D．Female bosses get more stress from work than male bosses.
30．What conclusion can we draw from the passage?
A．The higher levels of authority，the fewer women suffer depression.
B．The higher levels of authority，the more women suffer depression.
C．The lower levels of authority，the more men suffer depression.
D．The lower levels of authority，the more women suffer depression.
31．What did Dr Pudrovska think of the results?
32．What does the underlined word“discrepancy”in Paragraph 5 mean?
NOT all memories are sweet. Some people spend all their lives trying to forget bad experiences. Violence and traffic accidents can leave people with terrible physical and emotional scars. Often they relive these experiences in nightmares.
Now American researchers think they are close to developing a pill, which will help people forget bad memories. The pill is designed to be taken immediately after a frightening experience. They hope it might reduce, or possibly erase（抹去）,the effect of painful memories.
In November, experts tested a drug on people in the US and France. The drug stops the body releasing chemicals that fix memories in the brain. So far the research has suggested that only the emotional effects of memories may be reduced, not that the memories are erased.
The research has caused a great deal of argument. Some think it is a had idea, While others support it.
Supporters say it could lead to pills that prevent or treat soldiers’ troubling memories after war. They say that there are many people who suffer from terrible memories.
“Some memories can ruin people’s lives. They come back to you when you don’t want to have them in a daydream or nightmare. They usually come with very painful emotions,”said Roger Pitman, a professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School.“This could relieve a lot of that suffering.”
But those who are against the research say that changing memories is very dangerous because memories give us our identity（特质）. They also help us all avoid the mistakes of past.
“All of us can think of bad events in our lives that were horrible at the time but make us who we are. I'm not sure we want to wipe those memories out,”said Rebecca Dresser, a medical ethicist.
32. The passage is mainly about .
A. a new medical invention
B. a new research on the pill
C. a way of erasing painful memories
D. an argument about the research on the pill
33. The drug tested on people can .
A. cause the brain to fix memories
B. stop people remembering bad experiences
C. prevent body producing certain chemicals
D. wipe out the emotional effects of memories
34. We can infer from the passage that .
A. people doubt the effects of the pills
B. the pill will stop people's bad experiences
C. taking the pill will do harm to people's health
D. the pill has probably been produced in America
35. Which of the following does Rebecca Dresser agree with?
A. Some memories can ruin people's lives.
B. People want to get rid of bad memories.
C. Experiencing bad events makes us different from others.
D. The pill will reduce people's sufferings from bad memories.
When asked about happiness, we usually think of something extraordinary, an absolute delight, which seems to get rarer the older we get.
For kids, happiness has a magical quality. Their delight at winning a race or getting a new bike is unreserved (毫无掩饰的).
In the teenage years the concept of happiness changes. Suddenly it’s conditional on such things as excitement, love and popularity. I can still recall the
excitement of being invited to dance with the most attractive boy at the school party.
In adulthood the things that bring deep joy---love, marriage, birth---also bring responsibility and the risk of loss. For adults, happiness is complicated.
My definition of happiness is “the capacity (能力) for enjoyment”. The more
we can enjoy what we have, the happier we are. It’s easy to overlook the
pleasure we get form the company of friends, the freedom to live where we please, and even good health.
I experienced my little moments of pleasure yesterday. First I was overjoyed when I shut the last lunch-box and had the house to myself. Then I spent an uninterrupted morning writing, which I love. When the kids and my husband came
home, I enjoyed their noise after the quiet of the day.
Psychologists tell us that to be happy we need a mix of enjoyable leisure time and satisfying work. I don’t think that my grandmother, who raised 14 children, had much of either. She did have a network of close friends and family, and maybe this is what satisfied her.
We, however, with so many choices and such pressure to succeed in every area, have turned happiness into one more thing we’ve got to have. We’re self- conscious about our “right” to it that it’s making us miserable. So we chase it and equal it with wealth and success, without noticing that the people who have those things aren’t necessarily happier.
Happiness isn’t about what happens to us---it’s about how we see what happens to us. It’s the skillful way of finding a positive for every negative. It’s not wishing for what we don’t have, but enjoying what we do possess.
46. As people grow older, they .
A. feel it harder to experience happiness
B. associate their happiness less with others
C. will take fewer risks in pursuing happiness
D. tend to believe responsibility means happiness
47. What can we learn about the author from Paragraph 5 and 6?
A. She cares little about her own health.
B. She enjoys the freedom of traveling.
C. She is easily pleased by things in daily life.
D. She prefers getting pleasure from housework.
48. What can be inferred from Paragraph 7?
A. Psychologists think satisfying work is key to happiness.
B. Psychologists’ opinion is well proved by Grandma’s case.
C. Grandma often found time for social gatherings.
D. Grandma’s happiness came from modest expectations of life.
49. People who equal happiness with wealth and success .
A. consider pressure something blocking their way
B. stress their right to happiness too much
C. are at a loss to make correct choices
D. are more likely to be happy
50. What can be concluded from the passage?
A. Happiness lies between the positive and negative.
B. Each man is the master of his own fate.
C. Success leads to happiness.
D. Happy is he who is content.
Yesterday and Today
Life in the twenty-first century will be different from life today. Between then and now many changes will take place, but what will the changes be?
The population is growing fast. There will be many people in world and most of them will live longer than people live now.
Computers will be much smaller and more useful, and there will be at least one in every home. And computer studies will be one of the important subjects in schools then.
People will work fewer hours than they do now and they will have more free time for sports, watching TV and travel. Traveling will be much cheaper and easier. And many more people will go to other countries for holidays.
There will be changes in our food, too. More land will be used for building new towns and houses for all the people. Then there will be less room for cows and sheep, so meat will be more expensive. Maybe no one will eat it every day. Instead they will eat more fruit and vegetable. Maybe people will be healthier.
Work in the future will be different, too. Dangerous and hard work will be done by robots. Because of this, many people will not have enough work to do. This will be a problem.
28. In the next century people don’t have to .
A. work long hours B. work fast
C. walk on foot D. eat meat
29. People may not eat as much as they do today.
A. fruit B. fish
C. meat D. rice
30. One big problem in the future is that .
A .many people don’t have to work
B. many people will not be able to find work
C. people won’t have enough food to eat
D. all the work will be done by robots
31. In the future
A. traveling will be more expensive
B. computers will be less important
C. people will be too busy to do sports.
D. computers will be much smaller.
I was in a terrible mood. Two of my friends had gone to the movies the night before and hadn’t invited me. I was in my room thinking of ways to make them sorry when my father came in. “Want to go for a ride, today, Beck? It’s a beautiful day.”
“No! Leave me alone!” Those were the last words I said to him that morning.
My friends called and invited me to go to the mall with them a few hours later. I forgot to be mad at them and when I came home to find a note on the table. My mother put it where I would be sure to see it. “Dad has had an accident. Please meet us at Highland Park Hospital”.
When I reached the hospital, my mother came out and told me my father’s injuries were extensive. “Your father told the driver to leave him alone and just call 911, thank God! If he had moved Daddy, there’s no telling what might have happened. A broken rib（肋骨）might have pierced（穿透）a lung...”
My mother may have said more, but I didn’t hear. I didn’t hear anything except those terrible words: Leave me alone. My dad said them to save himself from being hurt more. How much had I hurt him when I hurled those words at him earlier in the day?
It was several days later that he was finally able to have a conversation. I held his hand gently, afraid of hurting him.
“Daddy… I am so sorry…”
“It’s okay, sweetheart. I’ll be okay. ”
“No,” I said, “I mean about what I said to you that day. You know, that morning?”
My father could no more tell a lie than he could fly. He looked at me and said. “Sweetheart, I don’t remember anything about that day, not before, during or after the accident. But I remember kissing you goodnight the night before. ”He managed a weak smile.
My English teacher once told me that words have immeasurable power. They can hurt or they can heal. And we all have the power to choose our words. I intend to do that very carefully from now on.
28. The author was in bad mood that morning because _______.
A. he couldn’t drive to the mall with his friends.
B. his father had a terrible accident
C. his father didn’t allow him to go out with his friends
D. his friends hadn’t invited him to the cinema
29. Why did the author say sorry to his father in the hospital?
A. Because he was rude to his father that morning.
B. Because he didn’t get along with his father.
C. Because he failed to come earlier after the accident.
D. Because he couldn’t look after his father in the hospital.
30. The reason why the author’s father said he forgot everything about that day is that _____
A. he had a poor memory B. he didn’t hear what his son said
C. he lost his memory after the accident D. he just wanted to comfort his son
31.What lesson did Beck learn from the matter?
A. Don’t hurt others with rude words. B. Don’t treat your parents badly.
C. Don’t move the injured in an accident. D. Don’t be angry with friends at small things.
I was desperately nervous about becoming car-free. But eight months ago our car was hit by a passing vehicle and it was destroyed. No problem, I thought: we’ll buy another. But the insurance payout didn’t even begin to cover the costs of buying a new car—I worked out that, with the loan (贷款) we’d need plus petrol, insurance, parking permits and tax, we would make a payment as much as £600 a month.
And that’s when I had my fancy idea. Why not just give up having a car at all? I live in London. We have a railway station behind our house, a tube station 10 minutes’ walk away, and a bus stop at the end of the street. A new car club had just opened in our area, and one of its shiny little red Peugeots was parked nearby. If any family in Britain could live without a car, I reasoned, then surely we were that family.
But my new car-free idea, sadly, wasn’t shared by my family. My teenage daughters were horrified. What would their friends think about our family being “too poor to afford a car”? (I wasn’t that bothered what they thought, and I suggested the girls should take the same approach.)
My friends, too, were astonished at our plan. What would happen if someone got seriously ill overnight and needed to go to hospital? (an ambulance) How would the children get to and from their many events? (buses and trains) People smiled as though this was another of my mad ideas, before saying they were sure I’d soon realize that a car was a necessity.
Eight months on, I wonder whether we’ll ever own a car again. The idea that you “have to” own a car, especially if you live in a city, is all in the mind. I live—and many other citizens do too—in a place that has never been better served by public transport, and yet car ownership has never been higher. We worry about rising car costs, but we’d be better off asking something much more basic: do I really need a car? Certainly the answer is no, and I’m a lot richer because I dared to ask the question.
28. The author decided to live a car-free life partly because ______.
A. most families chose to go car-free B. he was hurt in a terrible car accident
C. the cost of a new car was too much D. the traffic jam was unbearable for him
29. What is the attitude of the author’s family toward his plan?
A. Supportive. B. Disapproving. C. Optimistic. D. Unconcerned.
30. What did the author suggest his daughters do about their friends’ opinion?
A. Argue against it. B. Take their advice. C. Think it over. D. Leave it alone.
31. What conclusion did the author draw after the eight-month car-free life?
A. Life cannot go without a car. B. Life without a car is a little bit hard.
C. His life gets improved without a car. D. A car-free life does not suit everyone.
I never thought I would have a life-changing experience at WalMart.
Although my thoughts were only on speed, the checkout line I was standing in wasn't moving as quickly as I wanted, and I glanced toward the cashier. There stood a man in his seventies, wearing glasses and a nice smile. I thought, well, he's an old guy! For the next few minutes I watched him. He greeted every customer before scanning the items. Sure, his words were the usual, “How's it going？” But he did something different—he actually listened to people. Then he would respond to what they had said and engage them in a brief conversation.
I thought it was odd. I had grown accustomed to people asking me how I was doing simply out of robotic conversational habit. After a while, you don't give any thought to the question and just mumble something back. I could say, “I just found out I have six months to live，” and someone would reply, “Have a great day！” But that wasn't the end.
He gave them the change, walked around the counter, and extended his right hand in an act of friendship. He looked the customers in the eyes. “I surely want to thank you for shopping here today，” he told them. “You have a great day. Byebye.”
The looks on the faces of the customers were priceless. There were smiles and some sheepish grins. All had been touched by his simple gesture—and in a place they never expected. They would gather their things and walk out, smiling.
Of course, he did the same to me and I got to know his name, Marty.
Who was that guy? It was as if Sam Walton had come back from the dead and invaded this old guy's body. I had never walked away from that shop feeling like that.
8．According to the writer, when common people ask you “How's it going？”
A．they don't really care what you may answer.
B．they are just practicing their conversation ability.
C．they are inquiring about your private information.
D．they don't expect to hear any negative answers.
9．What was most customers' reaction to Marty's behaviors?
A．They thought it priceless. B．They were in some way moved.
C．They thought it awful and odd. D．They felt somewhat offended.
10．What can we infer about Sam Walton?
A．He might be Marty's father or grandfather.
B．He might be friendly and devoted to WalMart.
C．He might have died while working in the market.
D．He might have come back from the dead once before.
11．What does the writer intend to express through the text?
A．Our everyday life is always full of surprises.
B．Most customers enjoy being treated this way.
C．Being different is a good way of doing business.
D．A little positive action can make a big difference.
When my parents were alive, they weren’t well off financially. Yet they helped their two older daughters time after time. My sisters paid Mom and Dad back part of the time, but when Daddy passed away, his cash journal showed debts due from several of his children. I was not among them. I seldom borrowed money and when I did, at the beginning I set a repayment plan and stuck to it. It was a matter of pride for me.
When you think that I was raised in the same household with my brothers and sisters and had the same parents, it is hard to figure out why I was the only one who couldn’t stand to owe them — or anyone — money. Maybe it’s because I watched my parents struggle to help my older sisters out when they were in financial difficulties themselves. Maybe it’s because of that reason, I was just too proud to depend on anyone else.
These days, I am the one of those other people turn to for help when they need it. Just as I can’t stand to owe other people, I can’t stand to say no to anyone who presents a credible case of need. So I am what is called an"enabler".
Being an enabler is an insidious (隐伏的) disorder. It starts simply enough when you help someone with an extraordinary expense created by an unusual event. Then when people find out you will provide aid, they ask you more and more and you — being a nice person — just keep giving. It’s a hard cycle to break and I personally have no clue how to escape.
I’m not angry. I’m not holding a grudge. I don’t try to tell my children or my sisters how to run their lives because they ask me for money. Yet I would be so proud of all of them if they were to make more of an effort to handle things themselves, perhaps by doing some financial planning — like planning not to spend money they don’t have!
And I don’t see why they can’t do this. After all, I’m not lassoing them and forcing them to take my money. I’m just not good at saying"no". So I ask you, what can I do when so many people around me have no shame in owing others money?
On the other hand, I am doing them a greatdisserviceby my"kindness". I remember as a child how my father always said these two things,"If at first you don’t succeed, try, try again,"and"I can’t get stuck in the fence. I’ll try to pull it down."As an enabler, I have prevented my children from learning to keep trying instead of turning to me for help. Yes, they could change their ways and learn to get along on their own, but why would they do that? Who among us would choose to be out of a car because we can’t afford to fix it when Mom will supply the money to get it fixed?
Yes, I am an enabler; and I am wronging my children by enabling them to be less than self-sufficient. I have known this for a long time but I still can’t say no.
55．The author will feel proud when .
A.her children make progress at school
B.she can help her children or her sisters
C.she can pay back the money she owed
D.her children learn to fix a car with her help
56．Why couldn’t the author stand to owe her parents’ money?
A.She thought it would be embarrassing to seek help from the old.
B.She wanted to show she was more successful than her sisters.
C.She didn’t establish a good relationship with her parents.
D.She couldn’t bear her parents’ difficult state in finance.
57．The underlined word"disservice"is closest in meaning to" ".
A.favor B.harm C.hope D.encouragement
58．What prevents the children from changing their ways and getting along on their own?
A.Their mother’s kind action.
B.Their financial state.
C.Their lack of creativity and courage.
D.Their traditional culture.
59．What should the author do when others seek help from her?
A.Just refuse them by saying"no".
B.Try to tell them how to run their lives.
C.Remind them to pay back her money in time.
D.Try her best to provide them with necessary help.
60．In which column of a newspaper can we find this passage?
A.Finance. B.Education. C.Culture. D.Life.
When my friend Lesa was diagnosed(诊断) with cancer, another friend and I went to the hospital to spend some time with her. We bought her a small toy and named him Lemon－Aide. We gave Lemon－Aide to Lesa and told her he was to go with her to all of her treatments to remind her that we were thinking of her and caring about her even though we could not always be with her. When the treatments were completed, she said when someone else needed him she would pass him along.
A few months later，much to my surprise, it was me that she passed him to. Lemon－Aide went with me to all of my treatments.
One day while waiting for my doctor I decided we could market the idea to fight cancer. Lesa thought it was a great idea so we founded the organization that came to be known as Lemon－Aide' s Friends, Inc. We designed our organization to remind people fighting cancer that there are people who love and care about them all the time. Today we have totally 5013 volunteers. The money raised is donated to cancer patients who do not have insurance. The Physicians on our Board of Advisors determine how and where our money is donated.
Lemon－Aide is for men, women, and children of all ages and to date has been sent to 34 states and 33 countries to provide smiling support for people fighting cancer. When life gave us lemons we made Lemon－Aide, a soft smiling toy that represents love, support, and encouragement.
24．The author went to the hospital with her friend ________．
A．to operate on Lesa B．to treat her disease
C．to accompany Lesa D．to look after Lemon－Aide
25．Lesa was given a small toy because ________．
A．he represented her organization
B．he could help weaken her pain
C．she would think of her friends
D．her friends tried to comfort her
26．It can be inferred that ________．
A．the author had suffered from cancer
B．Lemon－Aide had suffered from cancer
C．Lesa had recovered from cancer
D．Lemon－Aide learned to look after the author
27．Lesa and the author formed an organization to ________．
A．cure cancer B．raise money
C．help cancer patients D．help their friend
I was driving down the road the other day, listening to sweet music coming out of my car radio. My heart felt peaceful, my mind was clear, and my soul was full of love. Even with all its problem: life seemed good. Then the music stopped and the news came on. There was talk of another famous millionaire in drug rehab (康复) after an incident with the police. There was news on the murder of a poor man whose life was supposed to be changed after winning the lottery. There was even a discussion on how much greed and excess (放肆) had damaged our world.
Every story seemed to point once again to the old saying that money can't buy happiness. Hearing them made me think of a movie I saw many years ago on Mother Teresa's home for the dying in India. What struck me most when I watched it wasn't the unbearable poverty there. It wasn't the sickness and suffering that the people there were going through. It was rather the peaceful smiles of love, kindness, and happiness that they shared with the Sisters and with each other.. These people had nothing. Many were struggling at the end of death. Yet, they knew the simple truth that so many of us here are still learning: Joy is Free.
We can have joy and spread joy everyday of our life here. Don't love or admire dollar signs and think that money will bring you happiness then. Joy can't be purchased. It can't be owned. It can only be chosen and then given freely to others. In the eyes of eternity (永恒) money is only worthless paper. The only thing that matters is the love within you and the love that you give to the world. Make that your legacy (遗产) and your life will forever be rich in joy.
4. All the information about the movie mentioned in Paragraph 2 is true EXCEPT______.
A. it was about Mother Teresa's contributions B. it left the author a deep impression
C. people in it were very kind and happy
D. people in it were extremely poor and suffering
5. By saying "Make that your legacy", the author means "______".
A. Give your fortune to your coming generations
B. Treat your fortune as very valuable things
C. Pass your joy on to your coming generations
D. Have joy and spread joy to people around you
6. Which section of a newspaper is this passage most probably taken from?
A. Business. B. Culture. C. Life. D. Entertainment.
Do you often feel lonely? What do you do when you feel that way? Hide yourself away and spend your time reading, watching TV or walking around?
You might think that feeling lonely is just like feeling happy, sad or scared — that it’s just one of your various moods. That is true. However, if you let yourself be lonely for too long without dealing with it, you could be making a serious mistake.
Doctors have known for some time that feeling lonely is bad for the mind. It can lead to mental health problems such as depression, stress and reduce confidence. “Being lonely means not feeling connected or cared for, but it’s not about being mentally alone,” Lisa Jaremka, scientist from Ohio State University, US, told Live Science in January. And there’s growing evidence that not having friends is connected with physical illness as well.
In 2006, for example, scientists studied 2,800 women who had cancer. They found that those who had few friends or family were five times more likely to die of their disease than women with many social contacts. Also, even healthy people had a better chance of falling ill if they felt left out by others, according to the BBC.
The results have scientists thinking that loneliness might hurt the immune system(免疫系统), which protects the body from diseases.
Hoping to prove this theory, Jaremka and her research team put volunteers(志愿者) through a stress test. During the test, volunteers were asked to make an unprepared speech in front of a group of stony-faced people. The researchers found that volunteers who said they were lonely in their daily lives felt more stress during the test. And their blood samples showed that all the stress had managed to cause harmful changes to their immune system.
“Loneliness has been thought of in many ways as a chronic stressor(慢性增压器) — a socially painful situation that can last for quite a long time, ” explained Jaremka, who led the study.
The number of people suffering from loneliness is increasing all over the world. However, solving the problem is easier said than done. It won’t work to just “tell anyone to go out and find someone to love you”, said Jaremka. “We need to create support networks.”
28．If people feel lonely for a long time, ________.
A. they won’t feel happy anymore
B. they are more mentally harmed than physically
C. they will find the feeling goes away by itself
D. they are more likely to fall ill
29．What was the purpose of the stress test carried out by Jaremka’s team?
A. To find out how people fight diseases.
B. To prove loneliness hurts people’s immune systems.
C. To find out the relationship between loneliness and stress.
D. To see how people’s emotions change when they give unprepared speeches.
30．What made scientists think loneliness might make the body worse at fighting diseases?
A. Growing evidence of mental problems related to loneliness.
B. Some research results about the relationship between cancer and loneliness.
C. Some studies showing that people suffering from loneliness fell ill or died more easily than those who didn’t.
D. The result of a test where volunteers were asked to make an unprepared speech.
31．We can conclude from the article that ________.
A. loneliness has become the No. 1 killer in the world
B. loneliness is increasing due to advanced technologies
C. websites must be set up to help people deal with loneliness
D. much more work needs to be done to fight loneliness
Home to me means a sense of familiarity（熟悉） and nostalgia(怀旧). It's fun to come home. It looks the same. It smells the same. You'll realize what's changed is you. Home is where we can remember pain, lives, and some other experiences; We parted here; My parents met here; I won three championships here.
If I close my eyes, I can still have a clear picture in mind of my first home. I walk in the door and see a brown sofa surrounding a low glass-top wooden table. To the right of the living room is my first bedroom. It's empty, but it's where my earliest memories are.
There is the dining room table where I celebrated birthdays, and where I cried on Halloween----when I didn't want to wear the skirt my mother made for me. I always liked standing on that table because it made me feel tall and strong. If I sit at this table, I can see my favorite room in the house, my parents' room. It is simple: a brown wooden dresser lines the right side of the wall next to a television and a couple of photos of my grandparents on each side. Their bed is my safe zone. I can jump on it anytime - waking up my parents if I am scared or if I have an important announcement that cannot wait until the morning.
I'm lucky because I know my first home still exists. It exists in my mind and heart, on a physical property(住宅) on West 64th street on the western edge of Los Angeles. It is proof I lived, I grew and I learned.
Sometimes when I feel lost, I lie down and shut my eyes, and I go home. I know it's where I'll find my family, my dogs, and my belongings. I purposely leave the window open at night because I know I'll be blamed by Mom. But I don't mind, because I want to hear her say my name, which reminds me I'm home.
24. Why does the author call her parents' bed her "safe zone"(Paragraph 3)?
A. It is her favorite place to play.
B. Her parents always play together with her there.
C. Her grandparents' photos are lined on each side.
D. Her needs can be satisfied there.
25. What can be learned from the passage?
A. The old furniture is still in the author's fist bedroom.
B. Many people of the author's age can still find their first physical homes
C. The author's favorite room in her first home is the dining room.
D. The author can still visit her first physical mom in Los Angeles.
26. Sometimes when she feels lost, the author will _______.
A. try to bring back a sense of home B. lie down in bed to have a dream
C. Open the window at night D. go to Los Angeles to visit her mom
27. What is the author's purpose of writing this passage?
A. To describe the state of her family.
B. To declare how much she loves her first house.
C. To express how much she is attached to her home.
D. To look back on her childhood.
For a long time being happy was considered something that just happened, and there was nothing special about it. Now we know that getting along with other people is something that we can work at. It is possible to act in such a way that other people will like us better. One way is being unselfish, not wanting everything from our friends. Another way is to look for good points, not bad ones in other people. It is surprising how successful this treasure hunt can be.
You don’t have to be spineless(软弱的) in order to be popular. In fact, you will be liked and respected if you are not afraid to stand up for your rights. But do it politely and pleasantly. Being friendly and polite to your group, to other people and to strangers and especially to those who do not look important or do not interest you is one way to develop a good character.
You can not expect to be perfect, and so you must learn not to be unhappy when you make mistakes. Everyone makes mistakes, and no one is to be blamed(责备) unless he refuses to learn from them. Many young people become discouraged when they know in themselves qualities that they do not like—selfishness, laziness, and other unpleasant qualities. Just remember that we all have some of these faults and have to fight against them.
At the same time, it is important to remember that, while you are probably no worse than others, the best way to be happy is to think yourself above other people. When something is wrong, it is good sense to try to make it right. Perhaps you don’t like a teacher or a classmate. Try to see why, and look at yourself, too. To be sure that you are not doing anything to make that person dislike you. Some day, things may turn out all right, and then you will have to learn to get along the best with situation, without thinking too much about it. Worrying never helps in a situation you can’t change.
28. One of the two ways the author suggested for us to get along with others is________.
A. to draw attention of our friends
B. to demand(要求) the best share of everything
C. to look for treasure in order to be successful
D. to pay more attention to other people’s strengths(优点).
29. According to the passage, if one wants to be popular, one needs to _________.
A. be polite and friendly
B. give up some rights
C. avoid arguing with other people
D. be ready to change his or her character
30. The passage shows that there is no perfect person but someone should be blamed if he _______.
A. is no better than others
B. is selfish and lazy
C. does not draw a lesson from his own fault(错误)
D. is very happy about his unpleasant quality
31. The purpose for the writer to write the passage is to __________.
A. train you to be perfect
B. show you the way to be happy
C. tell you how to act when you dislike a person
D. teach you how to be popular among your friends
Meaning of Happiness
“Are you happy?” I asked my brother, Lan, one day,
“Yes．No．It depends what you mean,” he said．
“Then tell me,” I said, “when was the last time you think you were happy?”
“April 1967,” he said,
It served me right (我活该) for putting a serious question to someone who has joked his way through life．But Lan’s answer reminded me that when we think about happiness, we usually think of something extraordinary, a top of pure delight, 36
37 I remember playing police and robbers in the woods, getting a speaking part in the school play．Of course, kids also experience lows, but their delight at such peaks of pleasure as winning a race or getting a new bike is unreserved．
In the teenage years, the concept of happiness changes. 38 I can still feel the pain of not being invited to a party that almost everyone else was going to．I also remember the great happiness of being invited at another event to dance with a very handsome young man．
In adulthood the things that bring great joy — birth, love, marriage — also bring responsibility and the risk of loss．Love may not last; loved ones die．For adults, happiness is complex.
My dictionary defines “happy” as “lucky” or “fortunate”. But I think a better definition of happiness is “the ability to enjoy something”. 39 It's easy to overlook the pleasure we get from loving and being loved, the company of friends, the freedom to live where we please, even good health．
While happiness may be more complex for us, the solution is the same as ever．Happiness isn't about what happens to us; it's the ability to find a positive for every negative, and view a difficulty as a challenge． 40
A. For a child, happiness has a magic quality.
B. You never know what happiness means to adults
C. So we chase it and make it equal to wealth and success.
D. And those peaks seem to get rarer, the older we get.
E. The more we can enjoy what we have, the happier we are.
F. It's not wishing for what we don't have, but enjoying what we do possess.
G. Suddenly it's conditional on such things as tears, love, and popularity.
Have you ever been sad because of failure? Please remember, for often, achieving what you set out to do is not the most important thing.
A boy decided to dig a deep hole behind his house. As he was working, a couple of older boys stopped by to watch. “What are doing? ” asked one of the visitors. “I want to dig a hole all the way through the earth!” the boy answered excitedly. The older boys began to laugh, telling him that digging a hole all the way through the earth was impossible. After a while, the boy picked up a jar. He showed it to the visitors. It was full of all kinds of stones and insects. Then he said calmly and confidently, “Maybe I can’t finish digging all the way through the earth, but look at what I’ve found during this period!”
The boy’s goal was far too difficult, but it did cause him to go on. And that is what a goal is for－to cause us to move in the direction we have chosen, in other words, to cause us to keep working!
Not every goal will be fully achieved. Not every job will end up with a success. Not every dream will come true. But when you fall short of your aim, maybe you can say, “Yes, but look at what I’ve found along the way! There are so many wonderful things having come into my life because I tried to do something!” It is in the digging that life is lived. It is the unexpected joy on the journey that really makes sense.
21. The older boys laughed at the boy because he was thought to be .
A. brave B. impolite C. foolish D. warm-hearted
22. Why did the boy show the jar to the older boys?
A. To drive them away.
B. To show what he had found in digging.
C. To show how beautiful the jar was.
D. To attract them to join him in the work.
23. What can be learnt from the fourth paragraph of the text?
A. Not dream can come true. B. All work will end successfully.
C. Goals shouldn’t be set too high. D. Goals will make us work harder.
24. The best title for the text should be .
A. Joy in the Journey B. A Boy Dug a Hole
C. No Pains, No Gains D. Failure Is the Mother of Success
What are you feeling right now as you start to read this? Are you curious? Hoping that you’ll learn something about yourself? Bored because this is something you have to do for school and you’re not really into it — or happy because it’s a school project you enjoy? Perhaps you’re attracted by something else, like feeling excited about your weekend plans or sad because you just went through a breakup.
Emotions like these are part of human nature. They give us information about what we’re experiencing and help us know how to react. We sense our emotions from the time we’re babies. Young children react to their emotions with facial expressions or with actions like laughing or crying. They feel and show emotions, but they don’t yet have the ability to name the emotion or say why they feel that way.
As we grow up, we become more skilled in understanding emotions. Instead of just reacting like little kids do, we can identify（定义） what we feel and put it into words. With time and practice, we get better at knowing what we are feeling and why. This skill is called emotional awareness.
Emotional awareness helps us know what we need and want, or don’t want! It helps us build better relationships. That’s because being aware of our emotions can help us talk about feelings more clearly, avoid or settle conflicts（冲突） better, and move past difficult feelings more easily.
Some people are naturally more in touch with their emotions than others. The good news is that everyone can be more aware of their emotions. It just takes practice. But it’s worth the effort.
Emotional awareness is the first step toward building emotional intelligence, a skill that can help people succeed in life.
5. How do young children react to emotions?
A. With laughter and shouts.
B. With signs and expressions.
C. With facial expressions and actions.
D. With gestures of different kinds.
6. From the passage we know that emotional awareness actually _________.
A. enables us to live in society more easily
B. lets people understand others better
C. brings about conflicts between people
D. smooths away difficulties in our life
7. Where is the passage probably taken from?
A. A science fiction. B. An advertisement.
C. A science magazine. D. A television show.
Happiness is a feeling that lights up your eyes, makes your steps light and makes you want to sing for no reason. Everyone wants to be happy. But sometimes, a guest comes in without invitation. It’s unhappiness. Don’t let it get you down. Send it away!
When you are happy, the world feels like a better place. As the saying goes: When you smile, the world smiles with you; when you cry, you cry alone. Wearing a smile will make you more charming and help you to win lots of friends. A good mood always gives you hope, which makes troubles and problems easier to handle.
No matte how happy you are, it’s normal to feel angry, sad or gloomy once in a while. Life is full of ups and downs. We can’t change the way life is, but we can do our best to change a bad situation into a good one. To help us do this, it’s good to know some of the factors that influence happiness.
One of the biggest factors is social relationships. People who are close to family and friends are happier than people who don’t have those relationships. Talking and sharing is a good way to relax and build confidence . Knowing someone is there for you will make you braver and more outgoing.
Another factor is work or school. If you enjoy school, even if you have lots of homework or extra classes, you will still feel that your school life is meaningful and happy. But if you hate school, your negative attitude may cause you to feel bored and upset that you have to do so much work.
A third factor is your attitude towards life. How do you feel if you fail in an exam? Maybe you think it’s unfair because you always study hard and should get a good mark. You can’t stop blaming yourself. Or, maybe you accept it. You go through the paper carefully, find our why you made stupid mistakes, and tell yourself, “Take it easy! I’ll do better next time!” Your attitude makes a big difference.
25. The writer tells us ____ factors that influence happiness.
A. two B. three C. four D. five
26. If you fail in an exam you should ____.
A. blame yourself B. complain about others
C. work harder than before D. go through the paper again
27. Which of the following is true according to the passage?
A. Life is full of ups and downs.
B. When you cry, the world cries with you.
C. It’s normal if you always feel sad and gloomy.
D. It’s hard to change bad situation into a good one.
28. Which of the following is probably the best title for the passage?
A. Make Trouble Easy to Handle.
B. Your School Life is happy.
C. The World Smiles with You.
D. You Make Your Own Happiness.
After I mastered my first concerto (协奏曲) at age 14, my parents decided to get me a nice violin. I tried out dozens of instruments before I found my match: a German violin. It was beautiful, but what I liked best about it was its voice. Confident and strong, it was everything I longed to be.
I’m not sure how much that violin cost, but my parents made me promise never to let it out of my sight. They didn’t understand that dragging a large violin case ran counter to my daily middle school task of being invisible (看不见). I was a strange, absent-minded kid. When I spoke up in class, my comments brought confused silence from teachers and wild laughter from students. Like a deer in a wolf pack, I tried to be quiet and still.
In contrast, my new violin was almost shockingly loud. Together, we could drown out the rest of my middle school orchestra—which was encouraged, since the other kids made sounds like cats’ crying. For one glorious hour every day, I was showered with attention. Everyone wanted to hear what I had to say.
Between classes, I bent under the combined weight of my violin case and a backpack filled with books. My posture suffered, but my confidence grew. With my violin by my side, I found my voice. More and more, I contributed to class discussions and even made a couple of friends.
Today, I’m just an amateur violinist with a regular day job. As I sit in my community orchestra, sometimes I feel jealous (嫉妒的) of my fellow musicians’ instruments with their elegant voices. I may not be the best violinist around, but at least I’m still the loudest.
21．The underlined part “ran counter to “ in Paragraph 2 probably means ______.
A．was similar to B．went along with
C．was the opposite of D．had something in common with
22．We know from Paragraph 2 that the author ________.
A．did not fit in at school B．was an excellent student
C．was strong and confident D．did not attend classes regularly
23．What kind of feeling is expressed in Paragraph 3?
A．Disappointment. B．Anger. C．Pride. D．Regret.
24．What can we infer from the text?
A．The violin changed the author in some way.
B．The author hated the loud voice of his violin.
C．The violin always made the author embarrassed.
D．The author was the best violinist in his community orchestra.
When someone has deeply hurt you, it can be very difficult to let go of your grudge. But forgiveness is possible and it can be surprisingly helpful to your physical and mental health. Indeed, research has shown that people who forgive have more energy, better appetite (胃口) and better sleep. “People who forgive show less anger and more hopefulness,” says Dr. Frederic Luskin, who wrote the book Forgive for Good. “So it can help save on the wear and tear(消耗) on our body and make people feel more energetic.”
So when someone has hurt you, calm down first. Take plenty of breath deeply and think of something that gives you pleasure: a beautiful scene in nature, someone you love. Don’t wait for an apology. “Many times the person who hurts you may never think of apologizing,” says Dr. Luskin. “They may have wanted to hurt you or they just don’t see things the same way. So if you wait for people to apologize, you could be waiting a very long time.” Keep in mind that forgiveness does not necessarily mean accepting the action of the person who makes you angry. Mentally going over your hurt gives power to the person who brought you pain. Instead, learn to look for the love, beauty and kindness around you. Finally, try to see things from the other person’s perspective(视角). You may realize that he or she was acting out of ignorance, fear, even love. To gain perspective, you may write a letter to yourself from that person’s point of view.
28. The underlined word “grudge” in the first paragraph most probably means _________.
A. understanding B. forgiveness C. pity D. anger
29. According to the writer, what is the right way to calm down after being hurt?
A. Try to make sure why you get hurt.
B. Write a letter to the person who hurt you.
C. Think about pleasant things and forget about the hurt.
D. Tell yourself to accept what others have done to you.
30. Dr. Luskin advises us not to wait for an apology after being hurt because ______.
A. people seldom want to apologize
B. we’d feel worse accepting others’ apology
C. we are not patient enough
D. people don’t mean it when they apologize
31. This passage is mainly written to explain _______.
A. how to keep yourself from being hurt
B. why and how to forgive others
C. how and when to stay calm
D. how to stay mentally healthy