In 2012, the Tower of London welcomed two new inhabitants: a pair of ravens(乌鸦) named Jubilee and Grip. Their arrival celebrated the bicentenary(二百周年) of Charles Dickens’s birth. This Grip was the third of the Tower ravens to be named after the novelist’s own pet bird. One of his predecessors（前辈） was resident during World War Two; he and his mate Mabel were the only ravens to survive a bombing attack on the Tower.
Dickens’s Grip, who had an impressive vocabulary, appears as a character in the author’s fifth novel, Barnaby Rudge. On 28 January 1841, Dickens wrote to his friend George Cattermole: “my notion is to have [Barnaby] always in company with a pet raven, who is immeasurably more knowing than himself. To this end I have been studying my bird, and think I could make a very distinctive character of him.”
Unfortunately, just a few weeks after Dickens wrote that letter, Grip died, probably as a result of having stolen and eaten paint some months earlier. The bird had developed a strange habit – tearing sections off painted surfaces (including the family's carriage) and even drinking a quantity of white paint out of a tin. Dickens mourned his loss and wrote a humorous letter to his friend, the illustrator Daniel Maclise, about the raven’s death.
He related how, when Grip began to show signs of sickness, the vet was called and “administered a powerful dose of castor(蓖麻) oil”. Initially this seemed to have a positive effect and the author was thrilled to see Grip restored to his usual personality when he bit the coachman (who was used to the raven and took it in good humor). The following morning, Grip was able to eat “some warm porridge”, but his recovery was short lived.
As Dickens wrote to Maclise, “On the clock striking twelve he appeared slightly upset, but soon recovered, walking twice or thrice along the coach-house, stopped to bark, exclaimed ‘Hello old girl’ (his favorite expression) and died. He behaved throughout with a decent manner, which cannot be too much admired... The children seem rather glad of it. He bit their ankles. But that was play.”
32. Which of the following is right about Dickens’s pet Grip?
A. he liked painting a lot.
B. he could speak English fluently.
C. he was quite ill before his death.
D. he and Mabel survived a bombing attack.
33. Why did Dickens study his bird Grip?
A. Because the bird was very strange looking.
B. Because Dickens liked the bird immeasurably.
C. Because Barnaby needs a companion who was always with him.
D. Because Dickens wanted to base one character of his novel on him.
34. What caused the death of Dickens’s Grip?
A. His old age. B. His strange diet.
C. The killing of the coachman. D. His bad habit of biting people.
35. Which of the following can be the best title of the passage?
A. A bird in a novel. B. The writer’s bird.
C. The death of a bird. D. Dickens and his bird
Whether it is Mozart or Miley, your choice of music could determine whether you will perform well at your job. A new study suggests that listening to music in the office improves the speed and accuracy of tasks such as data entry, proof reading and problem solving. In an office-based experiment, 88 percent of participants were found to produce their most accurate work when listening to music.
The study also found that 81 percent completed their fastest work when music was played. And it matters what type of music you listen to. For instance, if you’ re doing your tax returns, then classical music is the most effective as it improves math skills.
Listening to Jessie Jor Justin Bieber could also improve your speeds with 58 percent of participants completing data entry tasks faster while listening to pop songs. During proof-reading, dance music, such as David Guetta, had the biggest positive impact with participants increasing their speed by 20 percent compared to tests undertaken with no music at all. Dance music also had a positive effect on spell-checking with a 75 percent pass rate compared to 68 percent when no music was played at all.
The research, undertaken by Brighton-based Mindlab International, suggests that silent offices may be the least productive. The Music Works experiment showed a positive correlation between music and productivity. Overall, it showed that when listening to music, nine out of ten people performed better, said Dr David Lewis, chairman of Mindlab International.
63. Whose music can help you do math homework according to the study?
A. The music of Justin Bieber. B. The music of Mozart.
C. The music of David Guetta. D. The music of David Lewis.
64. Which of the following is NOT mentioned according to the passage?
A. Music makes you relaxed. B. Music helps you to enter data faster.
C. Music improves math skills. D. Music has a positive effect on spell-checking.
65. The result of the experiment showed that when music was played, ________.
A. 88% of people worked faster B. 81 % of people did their most accurate work
C. 90% of people worked better D. 75% of people completed data entry task faster
66. What can we conclude from the passage?
A. Music may be helpless to people in office.
B. Silent offices can make people work better.
C. Different kinds of music have the same effect.
D. Silent offices may make people work least effectively.
LONDON—An 18-year-old author has received a￡400,000 advance for her first novel, one of the biggest deals for a young author in British publishing history.
Helen Oyeyemi, a first-year student at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, is now one of the British outstanding authors.
Ms Oyeyemi struck a two-book deal with Bloomsbury after the publisher was impressed by her novel The Icarus Girl. The story concerns Jessamy, an eight-year-old girl who, while on a visit to relatives in Nigeria, meets Tilly, a friend whom only she can see. Their relationship is friendly at first but becomes darker as it appears that Tilly is a ghost who wants Jessamy's body for her own.
In an interview, the Nigerian-born author said she was astonished that her novel would become a hit. "I had to sign the contract(合同) between my exams. It was on the day of my theology A level," she said.
Ms Oyeyemi, whose father is a teacher and whose mother is training to become a driver for London Underground, began writing at the age of seven.
"I rewrote Little Women so that Laurie married Jo because I thought that was a better ending."
She began writing The Icarus Girl last year when she was in the sixth form of Notre Dame School. Her agent (代理), Wade, showed the book to Alexandra Pringle, editor-in-chief at Bloomsbury, who is also Donna Tartt's editor. "The prose sings immediately right from the first page," Ms Pringle said.
Ms Oyeyemi does not believe that she will become a full-time writer, however. "I don't think that many people can do that these days," she said. "I would quite like to be a literary agent. "
59.Which of the following statement is true according to the article?
A. Oyeyemi was trained to be a writer at the age of seven.
B. Ms Pringle did not think well of Oyeyemi’s novel at first.
C. Bloomsbury did not decide to publish two books of Oyeyemi.
D. Oyeyemi did not expect her novel to be successful and popular.
60. What is the publisher’s reaction to the girl’s novel The Icarus Girl?
A. He disliked it. B. He ignored it.
C. He was attracted by it. D. He was frightened by it.
61. According to what she has said, Helen would ________.
A. not keep writing novels B. work in the library
C. get into publishing D. not devote all her time to writing
62. This article is probably seen ________.
A. in the newspaper B. on the first page of Helen’s novel
C. in a magazine about fashion D. in a magazine for children
I once had my Chinese MBA students brainstorming on “two-hour business plans”. I separated them into six groups and gave them an example: a restaurant chain (连锁店). The more original their idea, the better, I said. Finally, five of the six groups presented plans for restaurant chains. The sixth proposed a catering (餐饮) service. Though I admitted the time limit had been difficult, I expressed my disappointment.
My students were middle managers, financial analysts and financiers from state-owned enterprises and global companies. They were not without talent or opinions, but they had been shaped by an educational system (体制) that rarely stressed or rewarded critical thinking or inventiveness. The scene I just described came in different forms during my two years’ teaching at the school. Papers were often copied from the Web and the Harvard Business Review. Case study debates were written up and just memorized. Students often said that copying was a superior business strategy (策略), better than inventing and creating.
In China, every product you can imagine has been made and sold. But so few well-developed marketing and management minds have been raised that it will be a long time before most people in the world can name a Chinese brand (品牌).
With this problem in mind, partnerships with institutions like Yale and MIT have been established. And then there’s the “thousand-talent scheme”: this new government program is designed to improve technological modernization by attracting top foreign-trained scientists to the mainland with big money. But there are worries about China’s research environment. It’s hardly known for producing independent thinking and openness, and even big salary offers may not be attractive enough to overcome (克服) this.
At last, for China, becoming a major world creator is not just about setting up partnerships with top Western universities. Nor is it about gathering a group of well-educated people and telling them to think creatively. It’s about establishing a rich learning environment for young minds. It’s not that simple.
54. Why does the author feel disappointed at his students?
A. Because there was one group presenting a catering service.
B. Because the six groups made plans for restaurant chains.
C. Because all the students copied a case for the difficult topic.
D. Because the students’ ideas were short of creativeness.
55. Theunderlined word “scheme” in the fourth paragraph means .
56. We can infer from the passage that .
A. high pay may not solve the problem of China’s research environment
B. the new government program aims at encouraging imagination
C. cooperation with institutions has been set up to make a Chinese brand
D. China can make and sell any product all over the world
57. Which is the best title of the passage?
A. Reward Creative Thinking
B. How to Become a Creator
C. Establish a technical Environment
D. Look for a New Way of Learning
A great loss--Shirley Temple dies at 85
February 12, 2014
BY DERRIK J. LANG, Associated Press
Shirley Temple Black, who died on February 10th at age 85, wasn’t just a child star. She was THE child star — the sweet little girl whose shining smile helped illumine some of the darkest days the US has known during the Great Depression.
It’s hard today to imagine the super star Shirley was once “America’s Little Darling”. She sang and danced her way to the top of the box office in such films as Bright Eyes, Curly Top and Heidi. By 1940, she had appeared in 43 films. Temple teamed with Bill Robison in four movies, and their dance on the stairs in The Little Colon is still a legendary film moment.
In the 1930s, her name on a movie introduction assured a packed house. She inspired dolls, dresses, dishes — even a drink (alcohol-free, of course).
US President Franklin D. Roosevelt once famously said that “as long as our country has Shirley Temple, we will be all right.”
Unlike so many of today’s child stars, Temple didn’t end up with her name appearing across the headlines for bad behaviors. Instead of getting her photos on front pages or struggling with drugs and alcohol, Temple went on to a second career (生涯) in diplomacy (外交), including presidential appointments as ambassador to Ghana.
She surprised a lot of people who doubted her with her grace, knowledge and eagerness to serve. In fact, her career in public service (20 years) was longer than her career in movies (19 years). The role she valued most, however, was as wife, mother, grandmother and great-grandmother.
The world has lost a treasured Hollywood legend. But her movies will allow that little dynamic figure to continue charming audiences for a very long time.
51. The word “illumine” in Paragraph l means .
52. What part did she regard as the most important in her life?
A. A top movie star.
B. Her family role.
C. Her diplomacy career.
D. A businesswoman.
53. Where does this passage possibly come from?
A. A film.
B. A newspaper.
C. A magazine.
D. A poster.
If you’re ever reading a book or watching a movie and get the clear feeling that you’ve come across the story before-or even better, can predict exactly what’s going to happen next---there could be a good reason for that.
Researchers from the Computational Story Laboratory at the University of Vermont studied the complete text of some 1,737 fiction works available on Project Gutenberg, an online collection of more than 50,000 digital books in the public area. They discovered that English literature consist of just six kinds of emotional arcs(情感弧线)that make up nearly all of the most well-known stories. By analyzing the sentiment(情感)of language used in these texts, the researchers were able to show the emotional ups and downs for the stories as a whole. They discovered that negative words like “poverty”, “dead”, and “punishment” dragged the emotion down, while positive terms like “love”, “peace”, and “friend” brought it up.
According to the researchers, those six core emotional arcs are:
● “Rags to riches” (An ongoing emotional rise)
● “Tragedy, or riches to rags” (An ongoing emotional fall0
● “Man in a hole” (a fall followed by a rise)
● “Icarus” (A rise followed by a fall)
● “Cinderella” (Rise-fall-rise)
● “Oedipus” (Fall-rise-fall)
Interestingly, based on download statistics from Project Gutenberg, the researchers say the most popular stories are ones that use more complex emotional arcs, with the Cinderella and Oedipus arcs registering the most downloads. Also popular are works that combine these core arcs together in new ways within one story, such as two “Man in a hole” arcs stuck together, or the “Cinderella” are coupled with a tragic ending.
28. Readers often feel familiar when reading a new story because stories have similar_______.
A. beginnings B. endings C. characters D. emotional arcs
29. How did researchers carry out their study?
A. By conducting surveys among readers
B. By reading books borrowed from libraries
C. By analyzing works from an online collection
D. By interviewing authors of the well-known stories
30. Which set of words may drag emotion down?
A. Hope, fortune and riches B. Disease, murder and war
C. Smile, health and beauty D. Cold, earthquake and spring
31. According to the last paragraph, which kind of works are most popular among readers?
A. Works with an ongoing emotional rise
B. Works with an ongoing emotional fall
C. Works with a rise followed by a fall
D. Works with more than one rise and fall
October 15，1970was declared International W hite Cane Safety Day （IWCSD） for the first time by the President of the International Federation of the Blind （IFB）．This date was adopted at the first convention of the IFB，held in Colombo on October 4，1969．The object of the exercise is to enable the general public to have a better understanding of blindness and visual handicap，and to make people more aware of the white cane as a mobility aid．
Peguilly d'Herbemont was born on 25th June 1888into an old French noble family of the same name．In her youth she led the conventional and protected existence，lack of great activity，of a girl from a"good family"，an existence reminding of the life of the aristocracy（贵族） before the French Revolution．She never visited a public school，but was educated by German and English governesses and nuns．Her movements were restricted and were mainly confined to the family positions in Paris and Belgium，but she spent most of her time at the castle of Charmois not far from Verdun．
In the process of helping individual blind people across the road，Peguilly d'Herbemont was made aware by narrow scrapes（刮擦） which almost led to accidents，of the dangerous situation of the visually impaired brought about by the steadily increasing traffic on the roads．She first spoke about measures to protect the blind against street hazards to her mother in 1930，but she was of the opinion that it was unfit for a lady of good society to create a public outcry and advised her to stick to the transcription of books，a popular pastime of ladies of rank at the time．
But the idea did not leave her．The urgent wish to encourage the integration（成为一体） of the blind into society by providing them with a means of moving about more freely without endangering others，and at the same time attracting the attention of passers﹣by ready to offer assistance，caused her to take the unusual step of writing to the editor of the Paris dailyEcho de Paris in which she suggested issuing the blind of the Paris region with white sticks similar to those used by the traffic police．
The editor took up the idea，published it in November 1930and saw to it that the relevant authorities acted with atypical speed．Thus it was that the white cane received official backing，and on 7th February 1931．
41．The underlined words"the exercise"here refer to ．
A．the founding of the IFB
B．the declaration of IWCSD
C．the convention of the IFB
D．the first convention of the IFB
42．Which of the following is true about Peguilly d'Herbemont？
A．She led a typical aristocrat life when she was young．
B．Though she could travel around Europe，she spent most time at Charmois．
C．She was taught German and English at a public school．
D．She worried about possible street hazards for the blind，witnessing many traffic accidents．
43． gave her the white cane idea．
A．Her concern about the dangerous situation for the blind caused by the increasing traffic
B．The accident she had when helping blind people across the road
C．The scrapes she got when crossing the road
D．Her urgent wish to integrate into society together with the blind
44．According to the passage，which of the following statements is NOT true？
A．Peguilly d'Herbemont's mother didn't want her to draw the public's attention．
B．It was common for people to write to newspapers to voice their opinion at the time．
C．Peguilly's strong desire to help the blind made her not a looker﹣on but an advocate．
D．The editor contributed a lot to the declaration of International White Cane Safety Day．
45．This passage mainly wants to tell us ．
A．Peguilly d'Herbemont's achievements
B．how to care for the blind
C．the function of the white cane
D．how International White Cane Safety Day came into being．
One of the main challenges facing many countries is how to maintain their identity in the face of globalization and the growing multi﹣language trend．"One of the main reasons for economic failure in many African countries is the fact that，with a few important exceptions，mother﹣tongue education is not practiced in any of the independent African states．"said Neville Alexander，Director of the Project for the Study of Alternative Education in South Africa at the University of Cape Town．
In response to the spread of English and the increased multi﹣language trends arising from immigration，many countries have introduced language laws in the last decade．In some，the use of languages other than the national language is banned in public spaces such as advertising posters．One of the first such legal provisions was the 1994"Toubon law"in France，and the idea has been copied in many countries since then．Such efforts to govern language use are often considered as futile by language experts，who are well aware of the difficulty in controlling fashions in speech and know from research that language switching among bilinguals is a natural process．
It is especially difficult for native speakers of English to understand the desire to maintain the"purity"of a language by law．Since the time of Shakespeare，English has continually absorbed foreign words into its own language．English is one of the most mixed and rapidly changing languages in the world，but that has not been a barrier to acquiring superiority and power．Another reason for the failure of many native English speakers to understand the role of the state regulation is that it has never been the Anglo﹣Saxon way of doing things．English has never had a state﹣controlled authority for the language，similar，for example，to the Academic Francaise in France．
The need to protect national languages is，for most western Europeans，a recent phenomenon﹣especially the need to ensure that English does not unnecessarily take over too many fields．Public communication，education and new ways of communication promoted by technology，may be key fields to defend．
41．Neville Alexander believes that ．
A．mother﹣tongue education is not practiced in all African countries
B．globalization has resulted in the economic failure of Africa
C．globalization has led to the rise of multi﹣language trend
D．lack of mother﹣tongue education can lead to economic failure
42．The underlined word"futile"（in paragraph 2）most probably means" "．
A．workable B．practical C．useless D．unnecessary
43．Why do many English﹣speaking countries not support the language protection efforts described in the passage？
A．They have a long history of taking words from other languages．
B．They want their language to spread to other countries．
C．They think language protection laws are ineffective．
D．It reduces a language's ability to acquire international importance．
44．What can we infer from the last paragraph？
A．English has taken over fields like public communication and education．
B．Many aspects of national culture are threatened by the spread of English．
C．Most language experts believe it is important to promote a national language．
D．Europeans have long realized the need to protect a national language．
45．The best title for the passage is ．
A．Fighting against the rule of English
B．Protecting local languages and identities
C．Globalization and multi﹣language trend
D．To maintain the purity of language by law．
Much time and effort has been dedicated to researching the mental health benefits of flexible work environments，but can the ability to leave work early to watch your son's soccer game，or arrive at the office a bit later in the morning in order to see to some personal affairs，have broader physical health benefits beyond making you feel a bit less exhausted？
According to new research published in the Cochrane Library's Cochrane database of Systematic Reviews，it seems so．In a review of 10previous studies examining the health implications of flexible work conditions for more than 16，000people，researchers found that flexible work schedules﹣﹣﹣when employees can shift their starting times，for example﹣﹣﹣were associated with improvements in blood pressure，sleep and overall mental health．Specifically，the review showed that more flexibility in work schedules was associated with improvements in alertness，sleep quality，tiredness，heart rate and other primary health outcomes，as well as benefits to secondary health outcomes，such as sensed social support in the workplace and sense of community．And，perhaps unsurprisingly，in all of the studies included in the review，researchers found no evidence for negative effects of more flexible work schedules．
This primary analysis was intended to shed light on the potential health benefits of flexible work options，which are increasingly popular throughout Scandinavia，and have recently gained some ground in the U．K．In the U．S．，the phenomenon is a bit slower to catch on﹣﹣﹣fewer than a third of U．S．employees have flexible work options，according to estimates from the AARP．Yet，the economic recession（衰退） of recent years may have contributed to growth in workplace flexibility﹣﹣﹣as companies unable to reward employees with bonuses or raises may turn to other forms of compensation（补偿）．Reuters reported early last year．
Previous research too，of course，has indicated the benefits of flexible work environments toward positive mental health outcomes．And while these latest findings are promising，the researchers stress that more study is vital to understanding the subtle relationship between flexible work and improved health outcomes．For example，employees who are most frequently granted workplace leeway（时间等的充裕） are generally higher﹣ranking，and as such are likely of higher socioeconomic status，which could impact their overall health apart from work scheduling．To truly grasp the benefits of flexible working conditions，the researchers say，additional study analyzing health outcomes among a wider range of workers﹣﹣﹣from high﹣ranking executives to hourly employees﹣﹣﹣is critical to gaining a deeper understanding of the issue，and helping to shape future workplace policy．
50．Which of the following can best summarize the passage？
A．The reason why more and more countries adopt flexible work options．
B．The possibility of carrying out flexible work schedules worldwide．
C．Why flexible work options benefits workers in mind．
D．Whether flexible work conditions make healthier workers．
51．Which opinion may the research of Cochrane Library's Cochrane database of Systematic Reviews support？
A．Flexibility in work schedules may have some passive effects．
B．Flexibility in work schedules has nothing to do with health．
C．Flexible work can benefit people mentally and physically．
D．Flexible work can greatly improve employees'work efficiency．
52．According to what Reuters reported early last year，what result has recent years'economy recession brought？
A．It has caused the severe decline of employee's salary．
B．It may have led to the growth of workplace flexibility．
C．It may have resulted in many companies'failure．
D．It made companies shorten their employee's working hours．
53．What role does the additional study analyzing different kinds of employees'health outcomes play？
A．It can help form the future policy of workplace．
B．It is good for spreading the flexible work schedules．
C．It makes more common workers gain workplace freedom．
D．It assists people to better understand flexible work．
54．What is the author's attitude towards flexible working schedules？
Since the beginning of the Internet era it has been pretty widely accepted that when you join an online service，whatever data you put into it belongs to you．That's the way things were﹣until Facebook came along．Facebook took a different approach．Until recently，everything you put into Facebook﹣photos，messages，wall posts，your profile info，and，most significant，your address book﹣could not be exported anywhere．In effect，you didn't own your data．Facebook did．
In October it relaxed things a bit with a policy that lets you export most of your stuff，with one glaring exception：the e﹣mail addresses of the people on your contact list．All you get is a list of names．Facebook says it can't let you take your friends'e﹣mail addresses because that information doesn't belong to you； it belongs to your friends．Of course this is rubbish．The reality is that Facebook wants to make it difficult，if not impossible，for you to leave．
Now that policy has sparked a fight between Google and Facebook．Google is steamed because its users can，and often do，export their Gmail contact information into Facebook．But those people can't bring Facebook info back into Gmail．
Earlier this month Google declared it would block exports of its data to services that don't reciprocate ﹣meaning guess who．In a countermove，Facebook hacked around Google's roadblock so its users could keep pulling data from Google．
Google said it was"disappointed"with Facebook's behavior．It also created a warning screen to tell Gmail users that if they export their information to Facebook they won't get it back．
Both companies declined to comment on the record for this story．But what's really going on is that they're at war．Google views Facebook as a threat to its business and has been trying to launch a social﹣networking service to compete with it．Facebook has rounded up 500million people and intends to generate billions of dollars in revenue（收益） by gathering data about them and selling it to advertisers．
Facebook's position with rival tech companies boils down to this：if you want access to all the information we've collected，strike a deal with us．Microsoft and Yahoo have done that，and now，like magic，they can export Facebook contact info into their systems，while Google still can't．
Remember the early days of the Net，when everything was going to be open and free，and we were all going to share information in a techno﹣utopia？That was great until people realized that their user data could be turned into gold．Now there are billions at stake，and nobody is playing nice anymore．
41．Before Facebook appeared，people generally believed that ．
A．they can join any online service at their own will
B．their online information belongs to online service providers
C．they own all the data they put into online services
D．their online service providers should keep their online info secret
42．What does the author think of Facebook preventing its users exporting their e﹣mail address to other online services？
A．It can ensure the safety of its users'information．
B．It has quite reasonable explanation．
C．It is one example often seen in online services．
D．It makes leaving Facebook hard for its users．
43．What's the meaning of the underlined word in paragraph 4？
A．return the favour
B．update in time
D．guarantee their rights
44．What action did Google take to deal with the threat from Facebook？
A．It united Microsoft and Yahoo to fight against what Facebook did．
B．It planned to create a social﹣networking service to fight Facebook．
C．It warned its users of danger of giving away information on Facebook．
D．It created a program preventing Facebook's hackers browsing its site．
45．What does the author say about the Net in its early days？
A．The data on it was the tool for people to make profit．
B．It didn't allow people to share the information on it．
C．It made people in danger of revealing their privacy on line．
D．All the information it provided was accessible and free of charge．
Time for Kids （TFK） gets the great news on the coolest toys for 2014at the 111th American International Toy Fair．
What's four days long，bigger than seven football fields，and filled with thousands of toys？It's Toy Fair 2014!
Each year，hundreds of toy companies from across the country come together in New York City．All kinds of products are shown as a way to know what's to come in the new year．This year's trends （款式） include oversize toys．"In 2014，everything is really big and really out there，"says Adrienne Appell，a toy﹣trends expert．
Toy Fair is the largest toy trade show in the Western Hemisphere （西半球）．Toy﹣store buyers go to the event to decide which toys they may want to sell during the holiday season．Members of the media，like TFK，go to the fair to report back on all the cool trends．Unfortunately，Toy Fair is not open to the public．
This year's Toy Fair was the biggest in its 111﹣year history．More than 1，000toy companies showed products from simple card games to high﹣tech robots．"Larger Than Life"was a Toy Fair favorite．This trend is all about big toys with a big play value．
Though it is all fun and games at Toy Fair，we saw lots of products making a push towards education，with STEAM．That stands for science，technology，engineering，art，and math．This trend includes word games．And of course，we saw some super cool，high﹣tech games．"Technology is always going to influence toys，"says Appell．"This year we saw lots of 3D games，and robots．"
To know more information about the event，click （点击） here to watch the video．
32．What can we infer from Toy Fair 2014？
A．Toys are becoming more educational than fun．
B．Robots are great favorites of buyers．
C．Big toys will be popular this year．
D．Simple card games will disappear on the market．
33．What's special about Toy Fair 2014？
A．It is the largest．
B．It is the longest．
C．It sells all of its toys．
D．It's held in New York City．
34．What's the best title for the text？
A．Kids love toys
B．Toy﹣stores in New York City
C．Technology changes toys
D．Time for toys
35．The text is taken from a ．
A．website B．newspaper C．magazine D．Textbook．
New Yorkers and visitors to the Big Apple will get to ring in the Lunar New Year，also known as Chinese New Year in the U．S．，in style with a fireworks display on the Hudson River set to music written by Academy Award﹣winning composer Tan Dun．
The display is part of the second annual"Happy Chinese New Year：Fantastic Art China"festival held in New York on February 5﹣10，2016．The China Central Academy of Fine Arts （CAFA），the U．S．﹣China Cultural Institute and the Cultural Associate of the Committee of 100announced this year's events on November 18at a press conference at the Lincoln Center．
The"Fantastic Art China"festival will feature a larger and more diverse series of artistic and cultural events across New York's top cultural venues （地点） and landmarks，including the Lincoln Center，Empire State Building and Jacob K．Javits Convention Center．
This year's theme focuses on exploring the complicated relationship between sound and image，said Professor Yu Ding from CAFA，who is also president of Fantastic Art China and in charge of the festival's design．Lunar New Year，which celebrates the"Year of the Monkey"in 2016，is an opportunity to bring China's modern art to mainstream America，and the festival serves as an innovative approach to establishing cultural exchange between China and New York City，Yu said．
UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador Tan Dun's music is a new edition that will be featured at several venues，including a major art exhibition at the Javits Center，events at the Lincoln Center and the fireworks display on the Hudson，which will take place on the evening of February 6．Five barges （游艇） on the river will launch the fireworks designed by CAFA that will tell a story about celebration and conservation．
"We Chinese are fond of nature，so the best way to celebrate the Lunar New Year is to salute with the sounds of nature，such as sounds of water，stone and bamboo，"said Tan Dun at the press conference，"And it will be fun to use the music of water during the firework display．"
In addition to the fireworks，a special lighting show at the Empire State Building will illuminate New York City during the holiday．
Chinese New Year is being recognized as a public school holiday for the first time in New York．Children from the National Dance Institute，which represents 75schools，will perform traditional Chinese dances at the Lincoln Center and the Javits Center．And，in celebration of the"Year of the Monkey"events will feature a conservation message about the endangered golden monkey in China．
28．The theme of this year's celebration is centered on ．
A．diversity of Chinese traditional festivals
B．relationship between sound and image of nature
C．endangered species and environment protection
D．cultural exchange between China and America
29．The coming"Year of the Monkey"is to be celebrated in New York by ．
A．sailing on the Hudson River along with a new﹣year speech
B．holding a special concert at the Empire State Building
C．setting off fireworks and holding a special lighting show
D．taking a week off and organizing Chinese dance contests
30．What does the underlined word"illuminate"（in Para.7）most probably mean？
A．Lighten． B．Surround． C．Decorate． D．Broaden．
31．This passage is written mainly in order to ．
A．compare some traditional festivals in China and America
B．attract visitors to America for the coming new﹣year celebration
C．strengthen the cultural co﹣operation between China and America
D．report celebration activities for the"Year of the Monkey"in New York．
Men are spending more and more time in the kitchen encouraged by celebrity （名人） chefs like Gordon Ramsay and Jamie Oliver，according to a report from Oxford University．
The effect of the celebrity role models，who have given cooking a more manly picture，has combined with a more general drive towards sexual equality and men now spend more than twice the amount of time preparing meals than they did in 1961．
According to the research by Prof．Jonatahn Gershuny，who runs the Centre for Time Research at Oxford，men now spend more than half an hour a day cooking，up from just 12minutes a day in 1961．
Prof．Gershuny said，"The man in the kitchen is part of a much wider social trend．There has been 40years of sexual equality，but there is another 40years probably to come．"
Women，who a generation ago spent nearly two hours a day cooking，now spend just one hour and seven minutes﹣a great fall，but they still spend far more time in the kitchen than men．
Some experts have named these men in aprons as"Gastrosexuals （men using cooking skills to impress friends）"，who have been inspired to pick up a kitchen knife by the success of Ramsay，Oliver as well as other male celebrity chefs such as Hugh Fearnley﹣Whittingstall，Marco Pierre White and Keith Floyd．
"I was married in 1974．When my father came to visit me a few weeks later，I was wearing an apron when I opened the door．He laughed，"said Prof．Gershuny．"That would never happen now．"
Two﹣thirds of adults say that they come together to share at least three times a week，even if it is not necessarily around a kitchen or dining room table．Prof．Gershuny pointed out that the family meal was now rarely eaten by all of its members around a table﹣with many"family meals"in fact taken on the sofa in the sitting room，and shared by family members．"The family meal has changed a lot，and few of us eat﹣as I did when I was a child﹣at least two meals a day together as a family．But it has survived in a different format．"
24．What is one reason behind the trend that men spend more time cooking than before？
A．The improvement of cooks'status．
B．The influence of popular female chefs．
C．The change of female's view on cooking．
D．The development of sexual equality campaign．
25．What does the author think about the time men and women spend on cooking？
A．Men spend more time cooking than women nowadays．
B．Women spend much less time on cooking than before．
C．It will take 40years before men spend more time at the stove than women．
D．There is a sharp decline in the time men spend on cooking compared with 1961．
26．How did Prof．Gershuny see the family meal according to the passage？
A．It has become a thing of the past．
B．It is very different from what it used to be．
C．It shouldn't be advocated in modern times．
D．It is beneficial to the stability of the family．
27．Which is the best title for the passage？
A．The Changes of Family Meals B．Equality between Men and Women
C．Cooking into a New Trend for Men D．Cooking﹣a Thing of the Past for Women．
Christmas，Easter and Birthday parties can be difficult times for grandmothers and parents as they rush around trying to arrange the perfect celebration or making everyone as happy as possible!What's better than a birthday party that makes your grandchild smile throughout or a celebration that impresses relatives and close friends？
That is why Granny Look has supplied in this section，one of the most comprehensive guides to making these special occasions that happen perhaps once a year a real success．
From a selection of Advent Calendars to party planning or Christmas﹣stocking fillers we have all the possibilities covered so that your children and grandchildren will really have a memorable time with attractive gifts and original ideas．
Bring that festive spirit to all those traditional days，and ensure you are always ready for any possibility．Granny Look's extensive links are bound to make every special occasion an entirely different experience from the year before and allow everyone to feel entertained and content．
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21．From the text，we know that"Granny Look"is ．
A．a person who guides you to make your yearly celebration a real success
B．a magazine that helps the family to prepare for special occasions
C．a company that sells all sorts of products on the Internet
D．a website that helps you to prepare for special occasions
22．The purpose of the text is ．
A．to make children have a memorable holiday
B．to show you how to shop on the Internet
C．to give you some information about Granny Look
D．to introduce some goods
23．You will fail to find any information at Christmas when you need ．
B．fun Advent Calendars
D．tickets for atheatres．
T﹣shirts out； uniforms（制服） in
School uniforms are becoming more and more popular across the U．S．A．That's no surprise，because they offer many benefits．They immediately end the powerful social sorting and labeling （标记） that come from clothing．If all students are dressed in the same way，they will not pay too much attention to their clothing，and some of them will not be laughed at for wearing the"wrong"clothes．
Some people are against the strict rule of school uniforms，but they do not realize that students already accept a kind of rule﹣wanting to look just like their friends．The difference is that the clothing students choose for themselves creates social barriers（障碍）； school uniforms tear those barriers down．
As in other places，uniforms remind the wearers of their purposes and duties．For example，when a man or woman puts on a police uniform，he or she becomes，for a time，the symbol （象征） of law and order．The uniform means to the wearer his or her special duties and sends the same message to everyone the wearer meets．People with different jobs wear uniforms of one kind or another．For students，the school uniform reminds them that their task for the six or seven hours they are in school is to get an education．
Some parents are unhappy about uniforms，saying that school uniforms will affect their children's"creativity．"First，as noted above，the clothes students choose to wear do not necessarily express their individuality （个性）．They just copy their classmates．Second，students have the rest of the day to be as creative as they like．While they're in school，their job is to master reading，writing，and maths；this should take up all the creativity they have．Mastery of those skills will be good for the students to build up their creativity in every way．
33．In Paragraph 1，the word"benefits"probably means ．
34．Some people are against school uniforms because ．
A．they fail to realize that students have accepted the uniforms
B．they believe that uniforms will make students less creative
C．they don't agree that uniforms can remove social barriers
D．they think that school uniforms are too popular
35．The author would probably agree that ．
A．it makes no difference whether to wear school uniforms or not
B．students'individuality may not come from school education
C．students'creativity is related to the clothes they choose
D．school uniforms help to create equality among students．
Linda Evans was my best friend﹣like the sister I never had．We did everything together：piano lessons，movies，swimming，horseback riding．When I was 13，my family moved away．Linda and I kept in touch through letters，and we saw each other on special time﹣like my wedding （婚礼） and Linda's．Soon we were busy with children and moving to new homes，and we wrote less often．One day a card that I sent came back，stamped"Address （地址） Unknown．"I had no idea how to find Linda．
Over the years，I missed Linda very much．I wanted to share （分享） happiness of my children and then grandchildren．And I needed to share my sadness when my brother and then mother died．There was an empty place in my heart that only a friend like Linda could fill．One day I was reading a newspaper when I noticed a photo of a young woman who looked very much like Linda and whose last name was Wagman﹣Linda's married name．"There must be thousands of Wagmans，"I thought，but J still wrote to her．She called as soon as she got my letter．"Mrs Tobin!"she said excitedly，"Linda Evans Wagman is my mother．"Minutes later I heard a voice that I knew very much，even after 40years，laughed and cried and caught up on each other's lives．
Now the empty place in my heart is filled．And there's one thing that Linda and I know for sure：We won't lose each other again!
6．The writer went to piano lessons with Linda Evans ．
A．at the age of 13
B．before she got married
C．after they moved to new homes
D．before the writer's family moved away
7．They didn't often write to each other because they ．
B．had little time to do so
C．didn't like writing letters
D．could see each other on special time
8．There was an empty place in the writer's heart because she ．
A．was in trouble
B．didn't know Linda's address
C．received the card that she sent
D．didn't have a friend like Linda to share her happiness or sadness
9．The writer was happy when she ．
A．read the newspaper
B．heard Linda's voice on the phone
C．met a young woman who looked a lot like Linda
D．wrote to the woman whose last name was Wagman 4
10．They haven't kept in touch ．
A．for about 40years
B．for about 27years
C．since they got married
D．since the writer's family moved away．
I first came across the concept of pay-what-you-can cafes last summer in Boone, N.C., where I ate at F.A.R.M (Feed All Regardless of Means) Café. You can volunteer to earn your meal, pay the suggested price($10) or less, or you can overpay—paying it forward for a future customer’s meal. My only regret after eating there was not having a chance to give my time. So as soon as Healthy World Café opened in York in April, I signed up for a volunteer shift(轮班).
F.A.R.M and Healthy World are part of a growing trend of community cafés. In 2003, Denise Cerreta opened the first in Salt Lake City. Cerreta now runs the One World Everybody Eats Foundation, helping others copy her pay-what-you can model.
“I think the community café is truly a hand up, not a handout,” Cerreta said. She acknowledged that soup kitchens(施粥所) have a place in society, but people typically don’t feel good about going there.
“One of the values of the community café is that we have another approach,” she said. “Everyone eats here, no one needs to know whether you volunteered, overpaid or underpaid.”
The successful cafés not only address hunger and food insecurity but also become necessary parts of their neighborhood – whether it’s a place to learn skills or hear live music. Some teach cooking to seniors; some offer free used books. Eating or working there is a reminder that we are all in this world together.
My 10 am---1pm shift at World-Healthy-Café began with the café manager – one of the two paid staff members. Our volunteer crew wasn’t the most orderly, but we managed to prepare and serve meals with a lot of laughs in between. At the end of my shift, I ordered my earned meal at the counter, together with other volunteers. After lunch, I walked out the door, with a handful of new friends, music in my head and a satisfied belly and heart.
29. What did the author do at F.A.R.M Café last summer?
A. She enjoyed a meal. B. She ate free of charge.
C. She overpaid for the food. D. She worked as a volunteer.
30. What is the advantage of community cafés compared with soup kitchens?
A. People can have free food. B. People can maintain their dignity.
C. People can stay as long as they like. D. People can find their places in society.
31. Why are community cafés becoming popular in the neighborhoods?
A. They bring people true friendships. B. They help to bring people together.
C. They create a lot of job opportunities. D. They support local economic development.
32. How did the author feel about working at Healthy World Café?
A. It paid well. B. It changed her. C. It was beneficial. D. It was easy for her.
It is good to get in touch with your inner child from time to time，and obviously some people are willing to pay big money for the chance to do so in a proper environment．A Brooklyn-based adult preschool is charging customers between $333 and $999 for the chance to act like a kid again．
At Preschool Mastermind in New York adults get to participate in show—and—tell，arts—and—crafts such as finger paint，games like musical chairs and even take naps．The month-long course also has class picture day where the adults are expected to have a field trip and a parent day．
30-year-old Michelle Joni Lapidos，the brain behind the adult preschool，studied childhood education and has always wanted to be a preschool teacher．She’s always on the lookout for new ways to get people in touch with the freedom of childhood．A friend encouraged her to start the mastermind course instead．
According to Candice，her blogger friend，Preschool Mastermind gives adults a chance to relearn and master the things that they failed to understand as children．“I realized all the significances of what we learn in preschool，”said founder Michelle Joni，“People come here and get in touch with their inner child．It’s magical．We are bringing ourselves back to another place，another time with ourselves when we are more believing in ourselves，more confident and ready to take on the world.”
“One person’s here because they want to learn not to be so serious．”Michelle said．“Another's here to learn to be more confident.” She explained that most of the classes were planned．However，Joni added that while the planned activities were fun，it was often the spontaneous(自发的)moments that attracted students．“It’s the things you don’t plan for，the sharing between friends and learning from each other.’’
21．What is the purpose of Preschool Mastermind?
A．To give adults a chance to return to childhood．
B．To help parents understand their children better．
C．To provide practical training courses for teachers．
D．To introduce some ways of playing with children．
22．What is mainly discussed about Preschool Mastermind in Paragraph 2 ?
A．Its customers． B．Its activities． C．Its environment． D．Its schedule.
23．According to Candice，people come to this program to________.
A．enjoy freedom of thinking B．realize their childhood dreams
C．discover their inner abilities D．figure out childhood puzzles
24．What do we know about Michelle Joni?
A．She used to be a preschool teacher． B．She likes to make plans in advance．
C．She founded Preschool Mastermind． D．She gained confidence by sharing．
After spending a year in Brazil on a student exchange program，her mother recalled，Marie Colvin returned home to find that her classmates had narrowed down their college choices．"Everyone else was already admitted to college，"her mother，Rosemarie Colvin，said from the family home．"So she took our car and drove up to Yale and said，‘You have to let me in．'"
"Impressed﹣﹣she was a National Merit （全国英才） finalist who had picked up Portuguese in Brazil﹣﹣Yale did，admitting her to the class of 1978，where she started writing for the Yale Daily News and decided to be a journalist，"her mother said．
On Wednesday，Marie Colvin，56，an experienced journalist for The Sunday Times of London，was killed as Syrian forces shelled（炮击） the city of Homs．She was working in a temporary media center that was destroyed in the attack．
"She was supposed to leave Syria on Wednesday"，Mrs．Colvin said．"Her editor told me he called her yesterday and said it was getting too dangerous and they wanted to take her out．She said she was doing a story and she wanted to finish it．"
Mrs．Colvin said it was pointless to try to prevent her daughter from going to conflict zones．"If you knew my daughter，"she said，"it would have been such a waste of words．She was determined，she was enthusiastic about what she did，it was her life．There was no saying‘Don't do this．'This is who she was，absolutely who she was and what she believed in：cover the story，not just have pictures of it，but bring it to life in the deepest way you could．""So it was not a surprise when she took an interest in journalism，"her mother said．
1．From the underlined sentence in Paragraph 1，we can infer that ．
A．Yale was her last choice
B．Marie Colvin was confident of herself
C．Yale must keep its promise to Marie Colvin
D．Marie Colvin was good at persuading
2．Which of the following is the correct order to describe Marie Colvin's life？
a．She was doing a story in Syria and got killed．
b．She was admitted to Yale University．
c．She studied in Brazil as an excellent student．
d．She was hired by The Sunday Times of London．
e．She began to take an interest in journalism．
3．From the last paragraph，we can know that Mrs．Colvin ．
A．dislikes the choice of her daughter．
B．cares little about her daughter．
C．knows her daughter very well．
D．doesn't fully appreciate her daughter．
4．What can be the best title of the text？
A．Covering Stories in a Dangerous Conflict Area．
B．Applying for Top Universities，a Successful Case．
C．Choosing Lifelong Careers Based on Your Own Interest．
D．Recalling Her Daughter，a Journalist Killed in Syria．
See a cellphone cover that you like on Taobao? Forget about placing an order, paying the bill online and waiting for days for it to be delivered to you. In the near future, you'll be able to get it in minutes just by hitting “print” on your computer. You might find it hard to believe that you could actually “print” an object like you would a picture. But it is not that hard to understand how it would work. Just as a traditional printer sprays ink onto paper line by line, modern 3D printers spread material onto a surface layer by layer, from the bottom to the top, gradually building up a shape.
Instead of ink, the materials the 3D printer uses are mainly plastic, resin(树脂) and certain metals. The thinner each layer is—from a millimetre to less than the width of a hair—the smoother and finer the object will be. This may sound like a completely new technology, but the truth is that 3D printing has been around since the late 1980s. Back then, it was barely affordable for most people, so few knew about it.
Last year, though, saw a big change in the 3D printing industry—printers became much cheaper. For example, 10 years ago a desktop 3D printer might have cost ￡20，000, while now they cost only about ￡1，000, according to the BBC. Taken out of the factory and introduced to more diverse and common uses, 3D printing can create just about anything you can think of—flutes , bikinis, jewelry, aircraft parts and even human organs. In fact, scientists from Cornell University in New York have just made an artificial ear using a 3D printer, according to Science Daily. The fake ear looks and acts exactly like a natural one.
However, as 3D printing becomes more common, it may bring about certain problems—such as piracy. “Once you can download a coffee maker, or print out a new set of kitchen utensils (餐具) on your personal 3D printer, who will visit a retail store again？” an expert in 3D printing told Forbes News. Even more frightening, what if anyone in the world could use a 3D printer to print out a fully functioning gun?
32. According to the article, in the future, the 3D printing technology will _______.
A. enable people to make better purchases online
B. change the way we make many products
C. be applied as widely in our daily life as computers
D. shorten the time it takes for people to get what they buy online
33. What happened in the 3D printing industry last year?
A. The 3D printing technology was taken out of the factory.
B. The 3D printing technology began to be used in various fields.
C. The 3D printer was used for medical treatment for the first time.
D. The 3D printer became more affordable for consumers(消费者).
34. What is the best title of the passage?
A. Great Demand for 3D Printers B. Technology in the Future
C. Online Shopping Disappearing D. Printing out Everything
35. How is the last paragraph developed?
A. By giving examples. B. By making comparisons.
C. By analyzing the cause and effect. D. By using figures.