October 21 was a very dark day in Texas. Not only did Hurricane Hanna destroy homes, it caused the largest business damage in Texas’s history. The worst thing is Hanna’s destructive force nearly wiped out(摧毁) most power poles and power lines. According to Center Point Energy, Hurricane Hanna affected 2.15 million customers. Currently, more than 4,000 of them are still in the dark. Crews have worked 16-hour shifts(更换) to restore power to residents.
Most of Houston seems to be returning to normal. Schools, restaurants, retail(零售) stores and gas stations are open. Smiles are back. But harder-hit places, including Galveston, will take much longer to recover. Hundreds of people are still missing, and coastal towns are a mess. Some ruins from storm have drifted(漂流) south to other beaches in Texas. Several public schools in Galveston are closed due to water damage. Parents are registering kids in other area schools which are scheduled to begin class on November 13. Many school supplies were destroyed.
Clara Barton Village is an emergency shelter located at Alamo Elementary School in Galveston, Texas. This is where Paula Reed and her family are staying. Believe it or not, Paula Reed and her family consider this hurricane a blessing. When Paula was a girl, she was an orphan, but was taken in by her stepmum, Antonia Flores. Reed lost contact with Flores and had been trying desperately to locate her for the past few years. Before the hurricane, Reed and her family moved away from Galveston to a San Antonio shelter. There, she reunited with Flores after 30 long years! The moment they saw each other, their lives were changed.
25．What’s the most serious damage caused by Hurricane Hanna?
A. Hundreds of people are still missing.
B. A large number of people are homeless.
C. Power facilities are severely destroyed.
D. Factories are closed and many people are jobless.
26．It can be inferred that the residents in Houston________.
A. have fully recovered from the disaster
B. were the most unlucky people in the disaster
C. need a long time to bring their life back to normal
D. suffered less from Hanna than people in Galveston
27．Kids in public schools in other areas of Houston will have to stay at home for_______
A. at least one month
B. at least three weeks
C. two weeks at most
D. nearly half a month
28．Paula Reed and her family consider the hurricane a blessing because_______
A. they had nothing lost after Hurricane Hanna
B. they lived a happier life in San Antonio shelter
C. Paula was taken good care of in the shelter
D. Paula reunited with her stepmother after three decades
Towards the end of Middle English, a sudden change in pronunciation started, with vowels (元音) being pronounced shorter and shorter. From the 16th century the British had contact (接触) with many people from around the world. This meant that lots of new vocabulary entered the language. The invention of printing also meant that there was now a common language in print. Books became cheaper and more people learned to read. Spelling and grammar became fixed, and the dialect of London became the standard. In 1604 the first English dictionary came out.
Early Modern English and Late Modern English are mostly different in the number of words. Late Modern English has many more words, mainly because of the following two reasons: First, the Industrial Revolution (工业革命) led to the need for new words. Second, the British Empire covered one quarter of the earth’s surface, and the English language took in foreign words from many countries.
From around 1600, the English colonization (殖民地化) of North America led to American English. Some English pronunciations and words “froze” when they reached America. In some ways, American English is more like the English of Shakespeare than modern British English. Some expressions that are called “American English” are in fact from British expressions. They were kept in the colonies while lost for a time in Britain. Spanish also had an influence (影响) on American English. For example, words like canyon, ranch, stampede and vigilante are from Spanish. They entered English by the people of Spain who settled in the American West. French words and West African words also influenced American English.
Today, American English has a greater influence, because of the USA’s movies, television, popular music, trade and technology.
31. The main difference between Early and Late Modern English lies in _____.
A. vocabulary B. pronunciation C. spelling D. grammar
32. What helped to increase the vocabulary of Late Modern English?
a. the invention of printing
b. the Industrial Revolution
c. the colonization
d. the contact with other countries
A. a, b, c B. a, c, d C. a, b, d D. b, c, d
33. From the passage, we can learn the word “canyon” is from _____.
A. American dialect B. African dialect C. Spanish D. French
34. The third paragraph mainly talks about _____.
A. English colonies in North America
B. the development of American English
C. other languages’ influence on American English
D. the difference between American English and British English
35. The underlined word “froze” can best be replaced by _____.
A. remained unchanged B. disappeared C. improved D. kept active
Every day, 340 million people speak it. One billion people are learning it and it is said that by 2050, half of the world’s population will be using it. What are we talking about? That global language—English.
The English language started in Britain in the 5th century. It is a mixed language. It was built up when German. Scandinavian and French invaders settled in England and created a common language for communication.
Today it is the official language of the UK, the USA, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, South Africa and Ireland as well as many islands in the Caribbean . Many other countries and regions use it for politics and business, for example, India. Pakistan, Nigeria and the Philippines. English is also one of the official languages of Hong Kong.
But global advertising and pop music mean that in most countries, you will see or hear some English. Thanks to McDonalds, we all know about "burgers". "fries" and "milkshakes". Songs by Madonna, Britney Spears and Celine Dion are in English. We can sing along, even if we do not understand what we are singing!
English is a messy (杂乱的) language. Every year, dictionaries include new words that talk about popular culture, for example, computer-related words such as "blogging", "download" and "chatroom". Also included are words that teenagers use. Who does not know "cool", "OK" and “hello” ?
Other languages also influence English. Many English words come from French. Words like "cafe" and expressions like "c'est la vie" (that is life) are all part of the English language. On the other hand, the French language includes English words like "le weekend" and "le camping". German words are also part of English. Words like "kindergarten" come from the German language.
Recently, British people have become interested in "yoga". But the word comes from an ancient Hindu language in India.
32. The English language has a history of ______.
A. over 2000 years B. over 500 years C. over 1500 years D. over 1000 years
33. Which of the following statements is true about the language of English ?
A. Its vocabulary are enlarged every year..
B. It has borrowed words from all the other languages.
C. French words are used by the English because dictionaries have French words.
D. Singers and film stars have the greatest influence on language.
34. How many people in the world are using English now?
A. One billion people B. 340 million
C. almost all the people in the world.
D. not mentioned above, but the number is growing rapidly.
35. Many countries and regions use it for politics and business except______.
A. the USA B. Nigeria C. the Philippines D. Norway
Today most Chinese teenagers are happy to be favored by two parents and four grandparents in their families. But have you ever thought about how to take care of four to twelve old people when you grow up and get married? This could be a problem for most Chinese youths as China is entering a new stage of an aging society.
An aging society refers to one where 10 percent or more of its population is over 60. By the end of 2007, Chinese over 60 years old have made up 11.7 percent of the nation’s total population. “China is getting old before becoming rich,” said Cai Chuang, a professor at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. The population increase that has powered Chinese growth for three decades will give way over the next ten years to a rapid aging of the society. This will lead to weaker economic growth, because of a lack of labor resources.
As a result of the family planning policy, it is expected that the country's total working population will decrease after 2015.
China is not the only country getting old. More than 60 countries have become aging societies and one in three people in the European Union is a senior citizen.
However, experts said that China doesn't have a highly developed social security network to support the old. Social security is an insurance program protecting those in need, including the old, the disabled and others.
25. An aging society is a society that ___________.
A. less than 10% of its population is over 60
B. 10% or more of its population is over 60
C. there are four old people in a family
D. most of its population is over 60
26. If China enters an aging society, ___________.
A. there will not be enough labor resources
B. the family planning policy will be ended
C. everyone needs to take care of four to twelve old people
D. China will have a highly developed social security network
27. The passage mainly talks about ___________.
A. an aging society
B. Chinese social problems
C. family planning policy D. aging problem in China
“Business is war.” The traditional language of business certainly makes it sound that way: winning the competition, getting market share, beating up suppliers, locking up customers. There are the victors and the losers.
But today in doing business, you have to listen to customers, work with suppliers, keep good relations—even with competitors. That doesn’t sound like war. Besides, there are few victors when business is looked upon as war.
Most businesses succeed only if others also succeed. Business is competition and cooperation as well. In other words, business is war and peace.
To bring together competition and cooperation, we turn to game theory. Game theory provides that whether one person wins or loses depends on what other people do. It is particularly effective when there are many interdependent（相互依存的）factors and no decision can be made in isolation（孤立）from other decisions.
Game theory breaks down the game into key elements（要素）: players, added values, rules, tactics（计谋）, and scope（范围）(PARTS). Every element affects the result of the game. This means that each of the five elements gives you a way to change an existing game into entirely new one. Change one of the PARTS, and you change the whole.
Why change the game? An old Chinese saying explains: If you continue on the course you’re heading, that’s where you’ll end up. Sometimes that’s good, sometimes not. You can play the game very well, and still suffer great loss. That’s because you’re playing the wrong game: you need to change it. Even a good game can be made into a better one. Real success comes from actively shaping the game you play—from making the game you want, not taking the game you find.
12．The author of this passage is _______ the idea that “Business is war.”
A．considering B．in favor of C．against D．doubtful of
13． “PARTS” stands for _______.
A．the parties in a game
B．players, added values, rules, tactics and scope
C．all of the elements in the game theory
D．the parts that affect the result of the game
14．The correct understanding of the underlined sentence in the last paragraph is _______.
A．you play the game too well to suffer great loss
B．you are really good at playing the game, but you still lose it out
C．you are so competitive that you beat up all of your competitors terribly
D．the competition is so hard that you have to put all your heart into it
15．The author emphasizes that _______.
A．we shall play in the right direction
B．we shall play very hard
C．we shall continue in the course we are heading
D．we shall always change no matter the change is good or not
Do you love holidays but hate the increase weight that follows? You are not alone. Holidays are happy days with pleasure and delicious foods. Many people, however, are worried about the weight that comes along with these delicious foods.
With proper planning, though, it is possible to control your weight. The idea is to enjoy the holidays but not to eat too much. You don't have to turn away from the foods that you enjoy. The following suggestions may be of some help to you.
Do not miss meals. Before you leave home for a feast(宴会),have a small, low-fat snack(小吃). This may help to keep you from getting too excited before delicious foods. Begin with clear soup and fruit or vegetables. A large glass of water before you eat may help you feel full. Use a small plate; a large plate will encourage you to have more than enough.
Better not have high-fat foods. Dishes that look oily or creamy have much fat in them. Choose lean meat(瘦肉 ).Fill your plate with salad and green vegetables. If you have a sweet tooth, try mints (薄荷) and fruits. They don’t have fat content(容量) as cream and chocolate. Don’t let exercise take a break during the holidays. A 20-minute walk after a meal can help burn off excess(过多的) calories.
11. Holidays are happy days with pleasure but they may ______
A. bring weight problems B. bring you much trouble in your life
C. make you worried about your foods
D. make you hate delicious foods
12. According to the passage, ___ is a necessary part to stop you from putting on weight.
A. vegetables B. water
C. calories of energy D. physical exercise
13. In order to really enjoy your holidays without putting on weight, you'd better__
A. drink much water and have vegetables only
B. not eat the food in high fat
C. not accept invitations to feasts
D. turn away from delicious foods
14. Excess calories can be found in your body in the form of___ .
A. energy B. fat C. food D. something invisible (看不见)
15. Many people can't help putting on weight after the holidays because they _______ .
A. can't control themselves B. go to too many feasts
C. enjoy delicious foods D. can't help turning away from the foods
Before you make friends，you have to decide who you want to be your friends.Most people like to have friends who like to do the same kinds of things they do.
The quickest way to make a friend is to smile.When you smile，people think you are friendly and easy to talk to.It may not be easy at first to smile，but remember most people will stay away from a scared or angry looking face.
One easy way to start a conversation with someone is to say something nice about him.Think about how great you feel when someone says something nice to you.Doesn't it make you want to keep talking to that person?
Ask your new friends questions about themselves.Who's their favorite singer，where do they live，what do they do after school are all good questions to start a conversation.Make sure you have something to add to the conversation，too.When someone asks you a question，do have an answer for them.There's nothing that will stop a conversation quicker than a shrug for an answer.
Kids who show an interest in other kids and who are kind and friendly make good friends.Remember，everyone wants to be around people who like to do similar things and people who are nice to them.
1．This passage gives us some advice on ________.
A．how to make friends B．what kind of person you can make friends with
C．how to start a conversation D．the importance of smile
2．Most people like to make friends with those ________.
A．who are sad every day B．who share the same interest
C．who are fond of talking D．who say bad things to them
3．Which of the following is NOT a good question to start conversation with a girl?
A．Which football player do you like best? B．How do you go to school every day?
C．What are your hobbies? D．How old are you?
4．According to the third paragraph，most people enjoy talking to one ________.
A．who is always smiling B．who seems to be friendly
C．who praises them D．who points out their shortcomings
America is a mobile society. Friendships between Americans can be close and real, yet disappear soon if situations change. Neither side feels hurt by this. Both may exchange Christmas greetings for a year or two, perhaps a few letters for a while — then no more. If the same two people meet again by chance, even years later, they pick up the friendship. This can be quite difficult for us Chinese to understand, because friendships between us flower more slowly but then may become lifelong feelings, extending (延伸) sometimes deeply into both families.
Americans are ready to receive us foreigners at their homes, share their holidays, and their home life. They will enjoy welcoming us and be pleased if we accept their hospitality (好客) easily.
Another difficult point for us Chinese to understand Americans is that although they include us warmly in their personal everyday lives, they don’t show their politeness to us if it requires a great deal of time. This is usually the opposite of the practice in our country where we may be generous with our time. Sometimes, we, as hosts, will appear at airports even in the middle of the night to meet a friend. We may take days off to act as guides to our foreign friends. The Americans, however, express their welcome usually at homes, but truly can not manage the time to do a great deal with a visitor outside their daily routine. They will probably expect us to get ourselves from the airport to our own hotel by bus. And they expect that we will phone them from there. Once we arrive at their homes, the welcome will be full, warm and real. We will find ourselves treated hospitably.
For the Americans, it is often considered more friendly to invite a friend to their homes than to go to restaurants, except for purely business matters. So accept their hospitality at home!
43. The writer of this passage must be ______.
A. a Chinese B.an American C. a professor D. a student
44 From the last two paragraphs we can learn that when we arrive in America to visit an American friend, we will probably be ______.
A. warmly welcomed at the airport B. offered a ride to his home
C. treated hospitably at his home D. treated to dinner in a restaurant
45. The underlined words “generous with our time” in Paragraph 3 probably mean ______.
A. strict with time B. serious with time
C. careful with time D. willing to spend time
46. A suitable title for this passage would probably be “______”.
A. Friendships between Chinese B. Americans’ and Chinese’s views of friendships
C. Americans’ hospitality D. Friendships between Americans
There have been many great inventions or things that changed the way we live. The first great invention
was the one that is still very important today--the wheel. This made it easier to carry heavy things and to travel long distance.
For hundreds of years after that there were few inventions that as much effect as the wheel. Then in the early 1800s the world started to change. There was little unknown land left in the world. People didn't have to explore much any more. They began to work instead to make life better.
In the second half of the 19th century many great inventions were made. Among them were the camera, the light and the radio. These all play a big part in our daily life today.
The first part of the 20th century saw more great inventions. The helicopter in 1909, movies with sound in 1926, the computer in 1928, jet planes in 1930. This was also a time when a new material was first made.Nylon came out in 1935. It changed the kind of clothes people wore.
The middle part of the 20th century brought new ways to help people get over diseases. They worked very well. They made people healthier and allowed them to live longer. By the 1960s most people could expect to live to be at least 60.
By this time most people in developed countries had a very good life. Of course new inventions continued to be made. But man now had a desire (渴望) to explore again. The earth was known to man but the stars were not. Man began looking for ways to go into space. Russia made the first step. Then United States took a step. Since then other countries, including China and Japan, have made their own steps into space.
In 1969 man took his biggest step away from earth. Americans first walked on the moon. This is certainly just a beginning, though. New inventions will some day allow us to do things we have never yet dreamed of.
39.This passage talks mainly about _____
A. why cars were very important B.how inventions affect people's daily life
C. when light was invented D. which country made the first step into space
40. In the 1800s, people began to work in order to make _________
A. explorations B.discoveries C. their life better D. a trip to space
41. Nylon came out of five years later than_________
A. radio B. camera C. jet planes D. movies
42. People can live longer lives because _________ that help cure diseases have worked very well.
A. doctors B.new hospitals C. medicines D. new ways
California condors are North America’s largest birds, with wind-length of up to 3 meters. In the 1980s, electrical lines and lead poisoning(铅中毒) nearly drove them to dying out. Now, electric shock training and medical treatment are helping to rescue these big birds.
In the late 1980s, the last few condors were taken from the wild, and there are now more than 150 flying over California and nearby Arizona, Utah and Baja in Mexico.
Electrical lines have been killing them off. “As they go in to rest for the night, they just don’t see the power lines,” says Bruce Rideout of San Diego Zoo. Their wings can bridge the gap between lines, resulting in electrocution(电死) if they touch two lines at once.
So scientists have come up with a shocking idea. Tall poles, placed in large training areas teach the birds to stay clear of electrical lines by giving them a painful but undeadly electric shock. Before the training was introduced, 66% of set-freed condors died of electrocution. This has now dropped to 18%.
Lead poisonous has proved more difficult to deal with. When condors eat dead bodies of other animals containing lead, they absorb large quantities of lead. This affects their nervous systems and ability to produce baby birds, and can lead to kidney(肾) failures and death. So condors with high levels of lead are sent to Los Angeles Zoo, where they are treated with calcium EDTA, a chemical that removes lead from the blood over several days. This work is starting to pay off. The annual death rate for adult condors has dropped from 38% in 2000 to 5. 4% in 2011.
Rideout’s team thinks that the California condors’ average survival time in the wild is now just under eight years. “Although these measures are not effective forever, they are vital for now,” he says. “They are truly good birds that are worth every effort we put into recovering them. ”
28.California condors attract researchers’ interest because they_________
.A. are active at night B. had to be bred in the wild
C. are found on in California D.almost died out in the 1980s
29. Researchers have found electrical lines are_________ .
A. blocking condors’ journey home B.big killers of California condors
C. rest places for condors at night D. used to keep condors away
30.. According to Paragraph 5, lead poisoning_________ .
A. makes condors too nervous to fly B. has little effect on condors’ kidneys
C. can hardly be gotten rid of form condors’ blood
D.makes it difficult for condors to produce baby birds
31.The passage shows that_________ .
A. the average survival time of condors is satisfactory
B. Rideout’s research interest lies in electric engineering
C.the efforts to protect condors have brought good results
D. researchers have found the final answers to the problem
American schools there is something called Home-coming Day. Many high schools and colleges with a football team have a home-coming game. This can be the most important thing of In the year except graduation or commencement(颁授学位典礼) day. Students plan Home-coming Day for many weeks before the day.
Several days before Home-coming, students start to decorate the school. There are signs to wish luck to the team, and many other signs to welcome all the students. Many people still come to Home-coming twenty or thirty years after they leave school.
During the day people like to look for teachers that they remember from long ago. Often they see old friends and they talk together about those happy years in school.
Everyone soon comes to watch the football game. When the game is half over, the band comes onto the field and plays school songs. Another important moment is when the Home-coming Queen or King appears. All the students vote a most popular student Home-coming Queen or King. It is a great honor to be chosen.
Home-coming is a happy day, but it is not perfect unless the football team wins the game. Even if the team loses, the students still enjoy Home-coming. Some stay at the school to dance, and others go to a party. For everyone it is a day worth remembering.
24.When do students begin to arrange everything for Home-coming?
A. The day before Home-coming. B. Many weeks before the day.
C. At the beginning of each term. D. Several days before Homecoming.
25.Which of the following is NOT done on Home-coming Day?
A. To see old friends. B. To call on teachers they remember.
C. To watch the football game. D. To see their parents.
26.The underlined word vote in the passage means .
A. call B. make or choose C. give D. Show
27.Who can probably become Homecoming Queen or King?
A. The student who is liked most by the others.
B. The guest who is most popular with the students.
C. The student who is most liked by the teachers.
D. The player who plays best in the football game.
A fad diet is a diet that suddenly becomes popular, usually because it promises people that they will lose a lot of weight overnight. Although dieters may really show weight loss from a fad diet, they will almost certainly get back the weight if their usual eating habits (习惯) remain unchanged.Moreover, fad diets continuously call for special products of questionable value or for
“health foods” “health foods” that may cost twice as much as supermarket(超市) foods. Worse yet, certain fad diets don't include nutrients(营养)good for health. People have been known to become very ill as a result of following medically unhealthy diets.
The worse fact of fad diets, though, is that they keep people who are over-weight or sick from receiving the medical care that they truly need.
21. The word “fad” in the first sentence means ______.
A. new B. wonderful C. popular quickly D. loved by people
22.In the writer’s opinion，fad diets________.
A．are very helpful B．are not healthy diet
C．won’t cost much D．include lots of nutrients
23. The last paragraph tells us ______.
A. that fad dieters are often overweight
B. fad dieters need medical care if they are overweight or sick
C. how fad dieters get sick
D. overweight or sick fad dieter can’t get medical care in time
“Beating is a sign of affection，cursing (骂)is a sign of love.”
Many may not expect to hear the words of the old Chinese saying in these modern times—with parents wealthier and better educated than they have ever been—but experts say they still ring true.
Today，it seems，Chinese parents are more likely to send their children to precollege military academies in the United States in the hope that some tough love will pave the way to success.
“Good education doesn't mean letting your children enjoy privileges，especially our boys.” said Song Wenming，an entrepreneur (企业家)in Jinhua，East China's Zhejiang province. “They should be raised in tough conditions to know what to fight for in the future.”
In August，Song sent his 17yearold son to Valley Forge Military Academy (VFMA) in Pennsylvania. And he is far from alone，even though it takes a lot of money—around $48,000 per year—to send a child to a strict military school.
Statistics show that an increasing number of Chinese students have been registering with such academies.
A few years ago，there were no Chinese students at Valley Forge. Today，there are 28.“All of the Chinese students at Valley Forge came from wealthy families；some of them were spoiled.” said Jennifer Myers，director of marketing and communications at the school.
Song's only son，Song Siyu，had a rocky start during his first six weeks at the school. The teenager said he went to the school voluntarily but did not expect it to be as difficult.
Now，three months later，he has perfected the art of taking a bath in 35 seconds，finishing a meal without looking at his food，and making his bed with precision. He can even take criticism，no matter how unreasonable.
“The training is hard but I know it is good for selfdevelopment of individuals.” said Song Siyu. “The endless training and scolding are just ways to build up our character；they are not personal.”
But his enthusiasm is not universal. Ten of the 13 Chinese students who joined the academy this year have transferred to other schools.
But for those who stick with it，there is a reward for all the hard work.
32．From the second paragraph，we can know the old Chinese saying _____________ .
A．is out of date in modern times
B．is disagreed by rich parents
C．is still worth trusting
D．is deeply believed by better educated parents
33．The underlined sentence means that _____________.
A．Song sent his only son to military school，so he feels lonely
B．Song is the only one who sends his child to military school
C．there are other people sending their children to military school besides Song
D．the fee of the military school is so high that only Song can afford it
34．How many Chinese students are there at Valley Forge before this year?
A．10. B. 13. C．15. D．25.
35．Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
A．It's likely that more and more Chinese students will attend VFMA.
B．Most Chinese parents approve of educating their children by beating and cursing nowadays.
C．Song Siyu had no difficulty in adjusting to the life at VFMA.
D．Most Chinese students support the way of education at VFMA.
How would you like an easy way to earn $2,500? All you have to do is to sit around and wait for your meals. There’s a catch, however. You have to stay in a chicken cage with a stranger for a whole week. There are no books or television or radio for a whole week. There are no books or television or radio for amusement. You can’t leave until the week is up. And a camera will be recording your every move.
Two people actually took the job. The idea came from Rob Thompson, a video artist. He wanted to make a film about the way animals are treated. His goal was to raise people’s awareness (认识) of the living conditions of animals that are raised for food. He decided to pay $5,000 out of his own savings to two people who were willing to live like chickens for a week.
To Rob’s surprise, quite a few people answered his advertisement. He had interviews and selected Eric, a 24-year-old restaurant worker, and Pam, a 27-year-old chemist. The plan was for them to spend seven days together in a chicken cage that was six feet long and three feet wide. A camera would record their experience, which would take place in an art museum.
The week was long and difficult. They slept on a hard wooden floor. They couldn’t stand up without banging their heads. They ate mash(a kind of food for animals) and drink water from a garden pipe. Their only privacy (隐私) was a toilet surrounded by a curtain. There were no sinks, mirrors, or toothbrushes in the cage. Visitors who came here were warned, “Do not feed the humans.”
Finally it was over, and Pam and Eric came out of the cage. They had survived the week, and they each had a $2,500 check in their hands. When Rob Thompson opened the cage, Eric came out, changed into clean clothes, and ate a chocolate bar right away. “It’s great for me to be able to stand up.” he said. Pam just changed her clothes and left. After a week of visitors and reporters watching her, she didn’t want to talk to anyone.
28. The underlined word “catch”(in Paragraph 1) probably means _______.
A. unsolved problem B. surprising wonder
C. unbelievable condition D. hidden difficulty
29. What made it the most difficult for the two to stay in the cage?
A. That they didn’t know each other．
B. That they didn’t have meat to eat.
C. That they couldn’t lie down to sleep in the cage.
D. That they had to do almost everything in public.
30. Rob Thompson offered the job in order to___________.
A. Make a film about humans and animals
B. Advertise for his experiment about animals
C. Show how terribly some animals are treated
D. Experiment on how long a human can live in a cage
31. What would be the best title for this passage?
A. An Easy Way to Earn $2,500 B. Do Not Treat Animals Badly
C. Living Like a Chicken D. Getting Along Well Anyway
Computer programmer David Jones earns $35.000 a year designing new computer games. yet he cannot find a bank ready to let him have a credit card（信用卡）. Instead he has been told to wait another two years until he is 18. The 16-year-old works for a small firm in Liverpool where the problem of most young people of his age is finding a job. David’s firm releases（推出）two new games for the fast growing computer market each month.
But David’s biggest headache is what to do with his money. Even though he earns a lot, he cannot drive a car, take out a mortgage（抵押贷款）, or get credit cards. David got his job with the Liverpool-based company four months ago, a year after leaving school with six O-levels and working for a time in a computer shop. “I got the job because the people who run the firm knew I had already written some programs” he said. David spends some of his money on records and clothes and gives his mother 50 pounds a week. But most of his spare time is spent working.
“Unfortunately, computing was not part of our studies at school “ he said, “But I had been studying it in books and magazines for four years in my spare time. I knew what I wanted to do and never considered staying on at school. Most people in this business are fairly young, anyway” David added, "I would like to earn a million and I suppose early retirement（退休）is a possibility. You never know when the market might disappear.”
24．In what way is David different from people of his age?
A．He often goes out with friends B．He lives with his mother
C．He has a handsome income D．He graduated with six O-levels
25．What is one of the problems that David is facing now?
A．He is too young to get a credit card B．He has no time to learn driving
C．He has very little spare time D．He will soon lose his job
26．Why was David able to get the job in the company?
A．He had done well in all his exams B．He had written some computer programs
C．He was good at playing computer gamesD．He had learnt to use computers at school
27．Why did David decide to leave school and start working?
A．He received lots of job offers B．He was eager to help his mother
C．He lost interest in school studies D．He wanted to earn his own living
China’s new buzzword, tuhao, may be in next year’s Oxford English Dictionary.
“If its influence continues, it is very likely to appear on our updated list of words, ” said Julie Kleeman, project manager with the editing team.
In Chinese, tu means uncouth (粗野的) and hao means rich. It has traditionally been referred to rich people who throw their weight around in China’s rural areas. In recent years, people borrowed the term to describe those who spend money in an unreasonable manner. The word gained acceptance in September with the launch (上市) of Apple’s new gold-colored iPhone, an item loved by China’s rich people. The color became known as “tuhao gold”. The word is now often used by the online community to refer to people who have the cash but lack the class to go with it.
Kleeman also mentioned two other Chinese words—dama and hukou—which may also be taken in the dictionary. Hukou means household registration(登记) in Chinese and has been widely used.
Dama, meaning middle-aged women, was first used in the Western media by the Wall Street Journal in May when thousands of Chinese women were buying up a record number of gold. They were the driving force in the global gold market between April and June when the gold prices had gone down.
“We have nearly 120 Chinese-linked words now in Oxford English Dictionary,” she said. Some of them are: Guanxi, literally meaning “connection”, is the system of social networks and influential relationships which promote business and other dealings. Taikonaut is a mix of taikong, meaning outer space, and astronaut.
The new words will be first uploaded on the official website before the dictionaries arrive. The online version is also renewed every three months. “It at least broke our old rules. It used to take 10 years to include a new word but now we keep the pace with the era, ” according to John Simpson.
21. What does “Tuhao” mean now?
A. The rich who like iPhone made of gold.
B. The people who have power in the countryside.
C. The people who spend money reasonably.
D. The rich who find no class to belong to.
22. Why is the word “Dama” popular now?
A. They bought gold in the global market. B. They are wealthy middle-aged women.
C. They brought the gold prices down. D. They worked on the Wall Street.
23. According to John, the Oxford English Dictionary__________.
A. updates its new version every three months
B. takes 10 years to include a new word now
C. speeds up its acceptance of new words
D. has its online version to collect new words
The first day of the month of May is known as May Day. It is the time of year when warmer weather begins. People celebrate the coming of summer with customs that are expressions of joy and hope after a long winter. Today, May Day activities have been moved to the May Day holiday on the first Monday of the month. It is a public holiday when families take advantage of the time off to visit some of the UK’s many attractions, including parks, zoos, historic buildings, ancient towns and villages and beautiful countryside.
May Day celebrations have their origins in the Roman festival of Flora, the goddess of fruit and flowers, which marked the beginning of summer. People would decorate their houses and villages with leaves and flowers they picked at daybreak in the belief that the vegetation spirits would bring good luck. In the very early morning, young girls went into the fields and washed their faces with dew (露水). They believed this made them very beautiful for the following year.
May Day was an important day in the Middle Ages and was a favorite holiday of many English villages. People of the time used to cut down young trees and stick them in the ground in the village to mark the arrival of summer. This is the origin of the maypole (五月柱). People danced around them in celebration of the end of winter. Maypoles were once common all over England and were kept from one year to the next. The tallest maypole is said to have been put up in London on the Strand in 1661. It stood more than 143 feet high and was cut down in 1717, when it was used by Newton to support a new reflecting telescope (反射式望远镜) invented by Dutch scientist Huygens.
24. How do British people celebrate May Day?
A. They visit friends and family members.
B. They spend a lot of time shopping around.
C. They show great love for the long winter.
D. They celebrate it on the first Monday of May.
25. The underlined word “this” in Paragraph 2 refers to _____.
A. going into the fields B. picking flowers at daybreak
C. washing the face with dew D. getting up early in the morning
26. What can we learn about the maypole?
A. People climb it on May Day. B. It dates from the Middle Ages.
C. It was usually found in the cities. D. People used old, tall trees to make it.
27. The purpose of the text is to _____.
A. describe Roman customs B. introduce a British festival
C. suggest spring family activities D. explain the origins of maypoles
Backpacking in Europe is a wonderful experience for young people around the world. After high school or university, you can plan a European backpacking trip.
As you plan the things you will carry, bring warm clothes and a raincoat or umbrella to deal with changing weather in different European countries. Europeans like dressing nicely, and good clothes will make you feel less like a dusty backpacker. It is not worth taking the trouble to bring a hair dryer or shampoo, as you can buy basic necessities in Europe.
The cheapest places to sleep when backpacking in Europe are hostels (where people can stay and eat fairly cheaply). Most hostels have a lot of information about low-cost ways to see local attractions, and many offer tours. The cost for hostel beds differs from country to country. In Paris, you might pay 30 euros, but in Bulgaria, you can get a bed for 10 euros. In general, hostels are more expensive in large, popular cities such as Paris, Rome and London.
Many backpackers use rail passes (火车通票), which allow unlimited (不受限的) travel within country groups over a period of time. If you have the time to travel by train and will be traveling in a country group, this can be a good deal. Otherwise, you may consider point-to-point tickets, local trains, buses and airlines such as Ryanair, easyJet and Wizz Air, which offer cheap flights.
Eating out in Europe can come with a high cost, and the best way to cut your food budget (预算) is to cook meals in the shared kitchens in hostels. You can make several meals into picnics to take advantage of Europe’s parks. When shopping for your picnic, try and buy at a local market. You save some euros while supporting the local industry at the same time. When eating out, choose restaurants away from tourist attractions.
21. Which of the following is an advantage of hostels?
A. They are often built in popular cities.
B. They are mainly open to young people.
C. They usually provide tour information.
D. They always ask the same price for their beds.
22. Which of the following can be put in the blank in the text?
A. Traveling. B. Shopping.
C. Entertainment. D. Transportation.
23. To make a cheap trip in Europe, you’d better _____.
A. eat meals on the train
B. choose a restaurant near a park
C. enjoy a meal sold at a local market
D. cook your own meals at the hostel kitchen
Nobody laughed when the UK comedy show Little Britain toured the US. Americans didn’t find the “British stereotypes(刻板印象)” funny. One character was a woman who was sick whenever she saw a foreigner. Another was a loud and rude 15-year-old girl cursing at her teachers. But back home, British people were laughing, thinking, “Yes! That’s exactly what we’re like!”
A laugh is a laugh in any language, but the reasons for it can be very different. Britons and Americans speak the same language, but humor does not always translate.
Take The Office as an example. This was originally a UK TV series but it was changed for the US. Both the US and UK series are set in a boring workplace in a boring town. But David Brent, the boss of the UK office, is not a nice guy like Michael Scott in the US version. “We had to make Michael Scott a slightly nicer guy,” wrote series creator Ricky Gervais. “He couldn’t be too mean.”
Gervais said British people are different from Americans because “ Britons cruelly make fun of people we like or dislike... and of ourselves”. He believes the differences between the American and British senses of humor are because of “our upbringing”.
“ Americans are brought up to believe they can be the next president of the United States,” he wrote. “ Britons are told, ‘It won’t happen for you’.”
Things usually turn out fine at the end of every US Office episode(集). Even if they’re not perfect, the characters “learn a lesson” for the future.
But in David Brent’s office - and in lots of UK comedies -the last scene is often sad. You are often left with the feeling that things just couldn’t get worse. For British people, this seems truer to life and so much funnier.
It’s not just Britain and the US that have comic differences. Few foreigners would understand a Chinese cross-talk show, for example.
Cultural differences are no laughing matter. But comic differences can be a window into a Culture.
28. What is the purpose of the first paragraph?
A. To show that British humor is not funny at all.
B. To show that American people don't understand British people.
C. To show that Britain and America have different stereotypes.
D. To show how humor may mean different things in different cultures.
29. Which of the following statements about The Office is TRUE according to the article?
A. David Brent is quite a nice guy.
B. Michael Scott is a rather mean guy.
C. Episodes in the UK version often end on a hopeless note.
D. Episodes in the US version often end in a boring way.
30. What can we infer from the article?
A. Brits do not like to make fun of others.
B. British comedy often has a moral message.
C. American people are brought up to be more positive.
D. Jokes are difficult to translate from one language into another.
31. What is the author's opinion of comic differences?
A. They are slight differences that can be ignored.
B. They can partly show cultural differences.
C. They show stereotypes of different cultures.
D. They help people communicate with each other.
The Louvre, in Paris, France, has almost 275,000 works of art. It contains some of the most famous works of art in the history of the world, including the Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci.
The Louvre was originally a fort (a strong building used by soldiers for defending a place) built by King PhilipⅡsometime around AD 1200. In the 1300s, it became a royal house for Charles Ⅴ, who had it renovated (翻新). While he did have his own collection of art there, everything disappeared when he died.
This impressive building remained empty until 1527, when FrancoisⅠdecided that he wanted it for his private palace. FrancoisⅠwas a collector of early Italian Renaissance art at the time, and already owned the Mona Lisa. However, he would not move into the Louvre until it was completely renovated and made even more splendid than it had been during the rule of Charles Ⅴ.
Unfortunately, FrancoisⅠdied before the work was completed, but the work continued until the death of the head architect. Afterwards, several generations of French royalty lived in the palace until Louis ⅩⅣ, the last of the French rulers to call the Louvre home, left in 1682. The Louvre, however, was far form abandoned. For about 30 years after Louis ⅩⅣ’s death in 1715, the Louvre became the home of artists and scholars. Its art collection grew from about 200 paintings in 1643 to about 2,500 works of art in 1715.
It was a center of creativity, until the public began to be admitted in 1793. Throughout the French Revolution and the years ruled by NapoleonⅠ, the art collection in the Louvre grew greatly.
Napoleon robbed art from all over the world and added it to the Louvre’s collection. After Napoleon’s death in 1821, the original owners reclaimed much of the robbed artwork. Over the last 100 years, art colleges have been set up at the Louvre, and it has become one of the largest museums in the world.
25.What do we learn about the Louvre?
A. It became an art college in 1821.
B. It was first constructed as a royal house.
C. It was abandoned in the fourteenth century.
D. It became a meeting place for culture after 1715.
26. According to the text, FrancoisⅠ_______.
A. had never lived in the Louvre
B. led a simple life during his life
C. lost all his collection on his death
D. received all artwork from Charles Ⅴ
27.When was the Louvre open to the public?
A. In 1643.
B. In 1682.
C. In 1715.
D. In 1793.