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  • 难度: 使用次数:29 入库时间:2017-10-16
    来源: 山西省怀仁县第八中学2016-2017学年高一下学期期末考试英语试题(实验班) Word版含答案.doc

    The Nobel Prize was founded by Alfred Nobel.Since 1901it has been honoring men and women from all corners of the globe for outstanding achievements in physicschemistrymedicineliteratureand for work in peace.

    Alfred Nobel was born in StockholmSwedenon October 211833.He was very interested in social and peace­related issues.After inventing dynamite (炸药)Swedish­born Alfred Nobel became a very rich man.Howeverhe foresaw its universally destructive powers too late.Nobel preferred not to be remembered as the inventor of dynamiteso in 1895just two weeks before his deathhe created a fund to be used for awarding prizes to people who had made worthwhile contributions to mankind.Originally there were five awards: literaturephysicschemistrymedicineand peace.Economics was added in 1968just sixty­seven years after the first award ceremony.

    Nobel's original legacy (遗产)of nine million dollars was investedand the interest on this sum is used for the awardswhich vary from D|S30000 to D|S125000.

    Every year on December 10the anniversary of Nobel's deaththe awards (gold medalilluminated diplomaand money)are presented to the winners.Sometimes politics plays an important role in the judge's decision.Americans have won numerous science awardsbut relatively few literature (文学)prizes.

    No awards were presented from 1940 to 1942 at the beginning of World War .Some people have won two prizesbut this is rareothers have shared prizes.

    (   )13Why was the Nobel Prize established?

    ATo recognize worthwhile contributions to humanity.

    BTo resolve political differences.

    CTo honor the inventor of dynamite.

    DTo spend money.

    (    )14In which area have Americans received the most awards?

    ALiterature   BPeace.    CEconomics.     DScience.

    (    )15. Which of the following statements is NOT true?

    AAwards vary in monetary value.

    BCeremonies are held one December 10 to commemorate Nobel's invention.

    CPolitics can play an important role in selecting the winners.

    DA few individuals have won two awards.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:21 入库时间:2017-10-16
    来源: 山西省怀仁县第八中学2016-2017学年高二下学期期末考试英语试题(实验班) Word版含答案.doc

    We used to go into different chat rooms on different websites. If you wanted to meet someone on the Net, you had to go into the same chat room. But now regular Net surfaces chat in OICQ. OICQ is an online chat software which is invented by Tencent Computer System Company of Shenzhen in February, 1999. Since then it has swept the country. Its symbol is a penguin wearing a red scarf(围巾).

    Net friends can be divided into a buddy list (for good friends), a stranger list (for people you don't want to talk with at once), or an ignore list (for people you want to avoid on the Net). You can also build up family lists, co-worker lists, etc.

    You can know whether listed friends are online as long as you use it. The cartoon portrait(画像)of the person turns bright if he is online. And the portrait turns dim if he is not there.

    Traditional public chat rooms are often chaotic. It is difficult to focus on a conversation. OICQ can conduct a focused talk without interruptions by other chatters.

    OICQ acts as a regular daily communication tool. "What is your OICQ number?" has become a modern topic.                  

    11. OICQ is       .

    A. a special chat room for all cyber citizens (网民)

    B. a cartoon portrait to recognize friends on the Net

    C. an online chat software that helps you talk on the Net more freely

    D. a modern phone number used by more and more people

    12. OICQ has been well received        .

    A. since long ago         B. for many years  C. for several years        D. since nine years ago

    13. With the help of OICQ, if you don't want to chat with someone, you can put him in    .

    A. a buddy list    B. a strange list         C. an ignore list           D. a co-worker list

    14. In the fifth paragraph, the underlined word "chaotic" means       .

    A. crowded      B. dark            C. dirty                 D. disorderly

    15. The passage mainly tells us          .

    A. how to chat with people in the Net    B. how to use OICQ

    C. how to choose a regular daily communication tool

    D. some advantages about OICQ

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:7 入库时间:2017-10-16
    来源: 山东省菏泽市2016-2017学年高二下学期期末联考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Universities and colleges in the United States are trying new programs for international students to increase enrollment and income.Some universities are experimenting with bringing international high school students to their campuses.These programs permit students to complete their high school diploma while earning college credit at the same time.

    One example of this model is at the University of Southern Maine,or USM.The program is called the "International Academy".The school is expecting its first class of international high school students this fall.Joanna Evans is the director for the academy.The program is officially a "boarding school on a university campus" that serves 11th and 12th grade international high school students only.

    The students will take classes at the University of Southern Maine to complete their high school diploma. However,because the classes are university-level,the students will receive college credit at the same time.

    According to Evans,the students they recruit will have to be very strong.Their course schedule will be the same as taking only advanced-placement courses.The goal is that,by the time they complete their high school diploma at the academy,they will be ready to start college as a third-year college student.

    Their English language skills also must be strong.The Academy looks for students with a minimum Test of English as a Foreign Language,or TOEFL score of 79,or a 6.5 on the International English Testing System,or IELTS. However,there are classes available to provide additional English language training when the students arrive if they need it.

    All incoming students at the academy are required to take a college writing class in their first term.If English is not their first language,they will take a class taught by teachers with a background in teaching students who speak English as a foreign language.

    Although they are only high school students,the expectations are the same as college students."Students need to be ready to take university classes,and that is the deal"Evans said.

    32.How does the new program "International Academy" benefit students?

    A.Shortening their time at school.                                       B.Offering free education.

    C.Supplying free room and board.                                      D.Giving up courses in high school.

    33.Which of the following can replace the underlined word "recruit" in Paragraph 4?

    A.refuse                          B.train                             C.value                           D.admit

    34.Which of the following is an entrance requirement of the students?

    A.Being very creative.        B.High English level.          C.High intelligence.            D.Wealthy background.

    35.What are the students of the new program expected to do?

    A.Have a high level of writing.                                      B.Build up strong enough bodies.

    C.Achieve what college students do.                                  D.Progress with help of experienced teachers.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2017-10-16
    来源: 山东省菏泽市2016-2017学年高二下学期期末联考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    A New Zealand woman,who had no sight since she was 11,had her sight restored one night when she hit her head on a coffee table.

    Lisa Reid,from Auckland,has a disease on her optic nerve and in 2000 she was not able to see at all.But on the night of November 15,2000,that all changed when Ms Reid,who was 24 at the time bent down to kiss her guide dog, Ami,goodnight and accidentally knocked her head on her coffee table.The next morning,she woke up and some of her sight had been restored.

    "Nobody knows what happened or can explain it,"Ms Reid,now 38,told Daily Mail Australia."I can't really find words to describe how it feltamazing,fantastic.""You can imagine not being able to see and then you can.You can't really describe that.To see the world again is a gift."

    To help her recover from the blindness,Ms Reid has been supported by New Zealand's Blind Foundation and said without them she would be "lost ".Ms Reid is sharing her story with the world to help them raise awareness and funds to help the foundation provide the services which she was using since she was 14.

    She recalls that one of her most shocking moments she had when she was able to see again-the changes in her brother."My brother was a young man with a beard,but now he has become a man."Ms Reid said."When I saw my mum,I was like:"You look the same but older."

    28.How did Lisa Reid regain her vision?

    A.She hit her head on a coffee table.                          B.She kissed her guided dog.

    C.The disease on her optic nerve was missing.           D.The modern treatment.

    29.What can we know about Lisa Reid?

    A.She lost her sight in 1979.

    B.She had been helped by New Zealand's Blind Foundation for about 10 years.

    C.She restored her vision again 10 years after she lost it.

    D.When she restored her vision again,she was 38 years old.

    30.New Zealand's Blind Foundation       .

    A.helps those blind people                                          B.only helps blind children

    C.provides money to blind children                       D.gets funds from the government

    31.Why did the author mention Lisa Reid's brother and mother?

    A.To show her brother had grown up.                          B.To show her mother's changes.

    C.To show her changes.                                              D.To show that she was shocked when seeing the changes.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:3 入库时间:2017-10-16
    来源: 山东省菏泽市2016-2017学年高二下学期期末联考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    The American travel website company TripAdvisor publishes a list of the world's best beaches every year. Today,we are going to explore some of this year's top 10 beaches in the world.

    1.Baia do Sancho,Brazil

    It is named as this year's best beach in the world.Its water is calm and clear.Its sand is fine and soft.But getting to Baia do Sancho is not so easy.It is on Fernando de Noronha,a volcanic island more than 300 kilometers off Brazil's coast.Travelers must take a plane or boat from major cities in northern Brazil to get there.And no more than 420 visitors can be on the island at one time.

    2.Grace Bay,Turks and Caicos

    While Baia do Sancho is difficult to get to,Trip Advisor's second-ranked beach could not be much easier for tourists to reach.

    This beach has impossibly clean and clear waters and pure white sand.Its calm waters make it extremely safe for swimming,snorkeling,or simply floating.Once on land,many visitors enjoy walking-barefoot-for several kilometers on the soft,warm sand.

    3.Eagle Beach,Aruba

    To get to the third-best beach,we head south to the Dutch Caribbean island of Aruba.Like Grace Bay,Eagle Beach has clear,calm waters and soft white sand.

    It offers visitors a chance to try different water sports,including tubing and jet skiing.Eagle Beach may be best known,however,for its dramatic sunsets.On clear nights,the sky tums red,orange,and purple.

    4.Playa Paraiso,Cuba

    The fourth-best beach is Playa Paraiso,an island off of Cuba's southern coast.It has a fun,laid-back restaurant for those who wish to eat and drink.There is little else on the beach.And that is exactly what visitors like about it. People come here for the sugar-like sand and calm waters filled with colorful wildlife.

    21.Which of the following best describes Baia do Sancho?

    A.It receives many visitors daily.                                         B.It can only be visited by plane.

    C.It is near the Brazil's coast.                                             D.It is hard to reach.

    22.What may Grace Bay,Turks and Caicos attract tourists?

    A.Its clean and safe waters.      B.Its quiet bank for hiking. C.Its dangerous position.          D.Its colourful sand.

    23.What can visitors mainly find on Playa Paraiso,Cuba?

    A.Colourful waters.                   B.A fun eating place.          C.Different water sports.           D.Nothing on the beach.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:4 入库时间:2017-10-10
    来源: 辽宁省葫芦岛市2016-2017学年高二下学期期末质量监测英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Regarded as one of the English language’s most gifted poets, John Keats wrote poetry that concentrated on imagery, human nature, and philosophy (哲学). Although Keats didn’t receive much formal literary education, his own studies and passion brought him much success. Additionally, his own life situation influenced his poetry greatly.

    Growing up as a young boy in London in a lower middle-class family, the young John didn’t attend a private school, but went to a public one. His teachers and his family’s friends regarded him as an optimistic boy who favored playing and fighting much more than minding his studies. After his father’s death in the early 1800s, followed by his mother’s passing due to tuberculosis (肺结核), he began viewing life differently. He wanted to escape the world and did so by reading anything he could get his hands on.

    At around the age of 16, the teenage John Keats began studying under a surgeon so that he too might become a doctor. However, his literary appetite had taken too much of his fancy, especially with his addiction to the poetry of Ehmund Spenser. He was able to have his first full poem published in the Examiner in 1816, entitled O Solitude! If I Must With Thee Dwell. Within two months in 1817, Keats had written an entire volume of poetry, but was sharply criticized (批评) by a magazine. However, the negative response didn’t stop his love of rhythm (韵律).

    John Keats’ next work was Endymion, which was published in May 1818. The story involves a shepherd who falls in love with the moon goddess and leads him on an adventure of one boy’s hope to overcome the limitations of being human. Following Endymion, however, he tried something more narrative-based (叙事体的) and wrote Isabella. During this time, John Keats began seeing his limitations in poetry due to his own limit in life experiences. He would have to have the “knowledge” associated with his poems. His next work was Hyperion that would attempt to combine all that he learned. However, a bout (发作) with tuberculosis while visiting Italy would keep him from his work and eventually take his life in 1821.

    32. John Keats’ attitude towards life changed because of       .

    A. his early education from school                                      B. the deaths of his parents

    C. Edmund Spenser’s poetry                                              D. the criticism of a magazine

    33. What is the common thing between John Keats and his mother?

    A. They read many books.                                           B. They had a bad childhood.

    C. They died of the same disease.                                     D. They showed strong interest in poetry.

    34. While trying to achieve his dream of becoming a poet first, John Keats was       .

    A. determined                           B. experienced                          C. knowledgeable                     D. impatient

    35. What do we know from the passage?

    A. Keats received little education at school.

    B. Endymion was about a real love story.

    C. In 1816 Keats spent two months writing a poem.

    D. Keats once had a chance of becoming a doctor.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:7 入库时间:2017-10-06
    来源: 湖南省五市十校教研教改共同体2016-2017学年高二下学期期末考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Are billionaires good with exams as well as their money? Or are they more likely to have escaped school at the first opportunity and worked their way up to make their fortunes?

    A study of the educational background of some of the world’s wealthiest people shows that they are much more likely to have gone to university, and they are more likely to have a postgraduate degree(硕士或博士研究生学位) than no degree at all.

    It doesn’t give much support for the image of self-taught entrepreneurs (企业家), who rely on their own wisdom rather than higher education.

    The study, by insurance company GoCompare, examined the educational background of people appearing in the top 1 00 billionaire lists by Forbes magazine over the past 20 years.

    It shows that 76 percent of these billionaires have a degree. Forty-seven percent of them have a bachelor’s (学士) degree, 23 percent a master’s (/理科硕士) degree and 6 percent a doctorate(博士学位). The most popular subjects were the ones related to economics and engineering. There were many more studying sciences than arts.

    The school attended by the global super rich are also much more likely to be world-class universities, rather than local ones. Harvard University is the single most likely name to be found on the resume(履历) of a billionaire, though one of the most famous names on the rich list, Bill Gates, dropped out of Harvard before finishing.

    Stanford University in California and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have become the launchpads for a rising number of tech billionaires. Google’s co-founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin were both postgraduates at Stanford. Borthers Charles and David Koch, who are among the world’s biggest oil tycoons, both got their bachelor’s and master’s degrees from MIT.

    Among U.K. universities, the London School of Economics and Political Science and the University of Cambridge have the most multi-billionaires on the Forbes list, while Oxford has produced Rupert Murdoch.

    28. The study has found all of the following EXCEPT         .

    A. most billionaires are not self-taught geniuses

    B. billionaires are much more likely to have received higher education

    C. nearly half of those on Forbes’ top 100 billionaire lists have a bachelor’s degree

    D. there are more billionaires without degree at all than those with a master’s degree

    29. Of the following subjects, what is the most likely to have been a college major of a billionaire?

    A. Computer science.                                                  B. Art history.

    C. English literature.                                                    D. Law.

    30. What does the underlined word “launchpads” in Paragraph 7 mean?

    A. Favorite places of famous people.

    B. Effective starting points for a career.

    C. Places on the Internet that help you find information.

    D. Places where rockets and other spacecraft are sent into space.

    31. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the article?

    A. The study was carried out by Forbes magazine.

    B. A high percentage of the world’s richest people have a doctorate.

    C. Rupert Murdoch went to the London School of Economics and Political Science.

    D. Harvard University has produced more billionaires on the Forbes list than any other university.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:6 入库时间:2017-09-29
    来源: 黑龙江省双鸭山市第一中学2016-2017学年高一下学期期末考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    When students read articles about scientific discoverythey learn what worked. Scientists present the methods that got the best result. They often show only the results that are significant and important.What they wont show are the mistakes or failures that came first. Yet sometimes those mistakes pointed the way to success.

    It can take a long time and many experiments to achieve scientific success. Robbin,16and Annabelle,15learned that while working this summer in a biochemistry lab at Stony Brook University in New York. Whats morethey learned that failure is not necessarily something to fear.

    I like the idea of scientific research,” says Robbin. Its the basis  for  every  lesson  you  learn  in  school  and understanding everything you see in life”.This summerRobbin has been working with Laurena chemistry studentwho is making new drugs to fight harmful bacteria(细菌). At firstthe tests made Robbin anxious. She worried that she might be making costly mistakes. But Lauren comforted her that finding out what doesnt work is just part of the learning process”.With timethe teen got comfortable with the idea that every experiment wouldnt succeed.

    Annabelle also learned a lot about failure and success. She worked with graduate student Agnieszka Gil. Sometimes I  try something and it takes a while for the experiment to run. This means that finding out whether Annabelle did something wrong can be a stressful waiting gamebecause if you did something wrong you need to do it again ”.But shes now learning to be patient and not to expect immediate success.

    In sciencefiguring out why something failed is what may just put them on the road to success.

    8What impresses students most in articles about scientific discovery?

    AScientists achievements.

    BThe reasons for success.

    CThe cause of mistakes.

    DStressful process of research.

    9What can we learn from the passage?

    ARobbin is a graduate student.

    BLauren managed to make new drugs.

    CAnnabelle learns the value of patience.

    DAgnieszka expected immediate success.

    10What did Robbin and Annabelle have in common in their experiments?

    AThey did their experiments independently.

    BThey realized not all experiments would succeed.

    CThey helped graduate students to make new drugs.

    DThey made serious mistakes in the experiments.

    11What does the writer intend to tell us?

    AThe cause of making mistakes in science.

    BThe significance of scientific discovery.

    CThe importance of doing experiments.

    DThe correct attitudes towards failures.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:3 入库时间:2017-09-20
    来源: 广东省佛山市高明区第一中学2017届高三下学期同步练习英语试题(2017.3.1-3.6) Word版含答案.doc

    In a society, such as the United States or Canada, which has many national, religious and cultural differences, people highly value individualism---the difference among people. Teachers place a lot of importance on the qualities that make each student special. The educational systems in these countries show these values. Students don't memorize information. Instead, they work individually and find answers themselves. There is often discussion in the classroom. At an early age, students learn to form their own ideas and opinions.

    In most Asian societies, by contrast, people have the same language, history, and culture. Perhaps for this reason, the educational system in much of Asia reflects society’s belief in group goals and purposes rather than individualism. Children in China, Japan, and Korea often work together and help one another in assignments. In the classroom, the teaching methods are often very formal. The teacher lectures, and the students listen. There is not much discussion. Instead, the students recite rules of information that they have memorized.

    There are advantages and disadvantages to both of these systems of education. For example, one advantage to the system in Japan is that there is much more math and science than American students learn by the end of high school. They also study more hours each day and more days each year than North Americans do. The system is difficult, but it prepares students for a society that values discipline and self-control. There is, however, a disadvantage. Memorization is an important learning method in Japanese schools, yet many students say that after an exam, they forget much of the information that they have memorized.

    The advantage of the educational system in North American, on the other hand, is that students learn to think for themselves. The system prepares them for a society that values creative ideas. There is, however, a disadvantage. When students graduate from high school, they haven’t memorized as many basic rules and facts as students in other countries have.

    Title  76   of Educational System between North America and Asia

    Students in the US and 77  

    Students in China, Japan and Korea

    What do they  78

    Individualism

      79  goals and purposes

    Different

      80  of study

    Working individually

    Listening to the teachers

    Forming their own ideas and opinions

    Reciting rules and memorizing information

    A lot of discussion in the classroom

    Not much discussion

      81  

    Learning to think for themselves

    Learning much more math and science

    Studying more hours each day and more days each year

    Good for a society that values  82 

    Good for a society valuing 83 and self-control

    Disadvantages

    Students haven’t memorized many basic rules and facts before 84___

    Information is   85  easily.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:3 入库时间:2017-09-20
    来源: 甘肃省肃南县第一中学2016-2017学年高一下学期期末考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Music is often thought of as “easy” or “play time”,but it's not that at all.Music plays a very important part in our education.Students who learn music learn a lot of music history at school.This includes “modes(调式)”,which were used in churches during the development of music.They are still used today.Students learn about the historical events that were taking place when the music they play was written.They learn what the music was used for.So much of our culture is in music and has been for centuries.Music also helps with science.Students use science to help them discover what sounds good together and what doesn't.Students also need science to understand something called the “overtone series”,which is about how music is produced by vibration(颤动)and why.Students learn a lot about languages.Many songs are written in other languages,including ancient ones.Students must learn to translate these works to understand what they are singing about.Some songs are famous poems or short works set to music.Students learn a huge amount of coordination(协调)through music,so parts of the body can work better together.Students must use fine motor skills in order to play an instrument.Singers and players must learn breath control and be in good shape to play.

    Students learn about art.Some famous pieces were written about important works of art,and students learn about the artists and styles as they're playing the music.Music education also brings higher thinking to our children.It allows them to think about complex patterns (How can I make my part sound better?How do this music and these different parts fit together?).Students have to know absolutely what every other musician does at all times.In that way,it develops teamwork.As one can see,music is very important to education besides bringing us fun.

    9.Learning music is helpful to the following subjects EXCEPT________.

    A.science                           B.language                        C.politics                                   D.history

    10.Students who learn music have to translate songs________.

    A.because they are learning the language                  B.because they must understand what they are singing about

    C.because the songs are ancient ones                       D.because they are famous poems

    11.Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?

    A.Modes are still used in modern music.              

    B.Different kinds of music show different cultures.

    C.It's easier for athletes to learn to play an instrument.     

    D.A good musician should know the importance of teamwork.

    12.What is the main idea of the passage?

    A.The importance of music.                                         B.The importance of music education.

    C.Ways to learn music well.                                         D.Skills music students should have.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:6 入库时间:2017-09-20
    来源: 甘肃省兰州市第一中学2016-2017学年高一下学期期末考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    The World Health Organization says the widespread use of sugar in food products and drinks is a major concern in many areas. So WHO officials are calling on governments to require taxes on sugary drinks in an effort to limit their usage and popularity. The officials believe the taxes also would reduce the risk of health problems resulting from obesity.

    Obesity is a condition in which the body stores large, unhealthy amounts of fat. Obese individuals are considered overweight. A new report says that in 2014 more than one-third of the adults in the world were overweight, and 500 million were considered obese. The United Nations agency estimates that in 2015, 42 million children under age 5 were either overweight or obese. It says that number represents an increase of about 11 million during the past 15 years. Almost half of these boys and girls live in Asia and one-fourth in Africa.

    The U.N. agency blames unhealthy diets for a rise in diabetes cases. There are 422 million cases of the disease worldwide. WHO says 1.5 million people die from it every year. It says the use of sugar in food products, like sugary drinks, is a major reason for the increase in rates of obesity and diabetes.

    Temo Waqanivalu is with the agency’s Department for the Prevention on Non-Communicable Diseases. He told VOA hat taxing sugary drinks would reduce consumption and save lives. Waganivalu noted that Mexico enacted a 10 percent tax on sugary drinks in 2014. He said by the end of the year, there was a 6 percent drop in the consumption of such drinks. Among poor people, the number of people who consumed sugary drinks dropped by 17 percent.

    The WHO says people should limit the amount of sugar they consume. It says they should keep their sugar intake to below 10 percent of their total energy needs, and reduce it to less than 5 percent for improved health.

    7. Why are taxes on sugary drinks required?

    A. To limit their use and popularity.              

    B. To readjust the economic structure.

    C. To warn people to change their life style.       

    D. To ensure the market’s diverse development.

    8. What do the figures in the second paragraph suggest?

    A. Adult obesity is ignored at present.               

    B. Obesity is a severe worldwide problem.

    C. Obesity can block economic development. 

    D. Obesity is most serious in developed countries.

    9. What does the underlined word “enacted” mean in the passage?

    A. Abolish     B. Pass                 C. Promise         D. Reduce

    10. What does the example of Mexico prove?

    A. Tax policies are unfair to the poor.                   

    B. Sugary drinks are a threat to health.

    C. The poor consume more sugary drinks.           

    D. Taxing sugary drinks makes a difference.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-09-20
    来源: 甘肃省兰州市第一中学2016-2017学年高二下学期期末考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    As a Fulbright(富布莱特法案基金)scholar at Yale, I wanted very much to get some individual help from some famous professors, but their office-hours were only once a week and there were always students waiting outside. At first, I was too polite to get their help. Then I realized that Chinese politeness does not work in this society. I needed to be aggressive to get what I wanted. I also noticed that Chinese students or Asian students were very polite in class while American students often interrupted the professor, asking questions and dominating the discussion. The Chinese students were not as aggressive as American students.

    I was impressed by the role of the professor in the class. The professor didn’t act as an authority, giving final conclusions, but as a researcher looking for answers to questions together with the students. One linguistic feature of his interacting with his students was that he used many modal verbs-far more than I did in Beiwai. When answering questions, he usually said: this is my personal opinion and it could be wrong. It would be a good idea if you could read the book I mentioned the other day.” Or, You may find the book I recommended helpful.” Or,You could be right, but you might find this point of view also interesting.” When making comments on students’ performances, the professor usually said:” It might have been much clearer if you had taken in some of the ideas we discussed earlier this semester.”

    In China, authorities are always supposed to give wise decisions and correct directions. Therefore students always expect the professor to give an answer to the question. I still remember how annoyed they were when foreign teachers did not provide such an answer. Their expectations from authorities are much higher than those of American students. Once the Chinese students got the answer, they were sure about it. That is why they make far more certain statement than American students. That is why Chinese students find it difficult to use modal verbs because the function of modal verbs is to provide room for negotiation and different ideas.

    1. The American professors use many modal verbs because they want to______.

       A. argue with their students

       B. be more sure about their answers

       C. express their ideas more clearly

       D. develop their students’ own way of thinking

    2. Which of the following statements best expresses the author’s idea?

       A. Chinese professors can always give correct answer to the question.

       B. American professors are not responsible since they don’t give students answers.

       C. American education produces aggressive students.

       D. Education in China is not helpful in developing students’ creativity.

    3. Which of the following methods did the author mainly employ in developing the article?

    A. Comparison and contrast.                                  B. Cause and effect.

       C. Giving examples.                                                D. Description.

    4. What is the author’s attitude towards education in U.S.?

    A. Positive                    B. Negative        C. Neutral             D. Unsure

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:4 入库时间:2017-09-17
    来源: 云南省师范大学附属中学2017届高考适应性月考(八)英语试题 Word版含解析.doc

    A British friend told me he couldn’t understand why Chinese people love eating sunflower seeds as a snack so much “I’ve met a lot of older Chinese and many have a crack in their front teeth; I believe that’s from cracking the seeds,” he said.

    I had never noticed the habit, but once he mentioned it, I suddenly became more aware. I realized that whenever I’m watching TV or typing a report, I always start mindlessly cracking sunflower seeds. My friend doesn’t like sunflower seeds, and, to him, it seems unnecessary to work so much just to get one small seed.

    When we were young, the whole family would usually get together for Chinese New Year. Then, we all lived close to one another, usually in a small city, and sometime even neighbors would go door-to-door on Chinese New Year’s Eve to check out what every household was making.

    I remember my parents would be in the kitchen cooking. Out in the living room , a large table would already be laid out, complete with fancy tablecloth, ready-made dumping fillings, and dishes full of candy, fruits and sunflower seeds.

    Some of the dishes were to be offered to our ancestors later, while others were for neighbors and children to eat be-fore the evening feast. I must have learned how to crack sunflower seeds back then.

    I don’t think it’s right to criticize one’s choice in food or eating habits, no matter how strange they may seem.

    It’s not only in China. When I went abroad, I found people had all sorts of strange habits when it came to food. In Denmark, they put salted red fish on bread and eat it for dinner, no matter how much it ruins your breath. They think it’s a delicacy, and it’s connected to their culture. I think it’s a wonderful tradition.

    4. What did the writer become aware of?

    A. She had ever typed a report about seeds.

    B. She are various snacks while watching TV.

    C. She had a habit of cracking sunflower seeds.

    D. She damaged her teeth by eating sunflower seeds.

    5. What does the writer prove by mentioning Chinese New Year?

    A. The traditions of celebrating it disappear.

    B. Children can eat delicious food on that day

    C. The families get together for it.

    D. Eating sunflower seeds is related to it....

    6. The writer’s to Denmark’s way of eating bread is______.

    A. acceptable    B. critical

    C. neutral    D. doubtful

    7. What lesson can we learn from the story?

    A. One kind of food doesn’t necessarily suit everyone.

    B. Eating habits come from a certain culture.

    C. It is good to form healthy eating habits.

    D. Changing your eating habits will change your life.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2017-09-14
    来源: 江苏省如皋市搬经中学2016-2017学年高二下学期英语综合训练二 Word版含答案.doc

    Art is visible. However, everything one sees is filtered through certain conditions, some of them historical, and others, natural. The historical conditions include the material which is used—oil, colours, and the canvas; second, a certain style. There can be a general style, for example, the style of Impressionism, or a particular style, for example, the individual ways in which two painters, both impressionists, paint. The natural conditions include certain unchanging psychological laws of sight, for instance, the effects of colours or optical illusions.

    The conditions of art are nothing but a particular way of interpreting reality. To understand this, one can examine the difference between the classical Greek and the classical Egyptian styles. For the Greeks, the reality of the visible was given by the perspective and the situation in which the object appears; for that reason they presented a person in his individual movements. For the Egyptians, however, this was only the appearance of a brief moment, which, according to their beliefs, was not real. Therefore, the Egyptians searched for the permanent essence and the typical character in their depiction of an object. For the Egyptians, Greek art was an illusion; for the Greeks, on the other hand, Egyptian art was unrealistic constructivism.

    The way in which reality appears in art must not be regarded on its own. It is affected by many other systems of recognizing reality, including the political, religious, economic, intellectual, and socialin short, all the phenomena of human life.

    Moreover, art is always of a certain epoch(纪元)with its particular conception of reality. Thus, when discussing, for example, the art of ancient myth, of medieval Christianity, or that of the technological age, one must be aware that myth, Christianity, or technology was the most outstanding feature of the epoch.

    It is paradoxical(似是而非的)to understand art as some kind of copy of the fields of experience connected with it. So, for example, it is meaningless for the work of art to be compared with the landscape, which served the artist as his model. Even if the artist had tried to make what he painted as similar as possible to the model he used, the landscape which he saw is only the matter from which something completely different emerges since he has submitted his view to the conditions of art: namely to the material used (colours, canvas, etc.), to his style, and even to the fact that he paints on a flat surface. Thus one must contemplate(注视) a work of art by itself. Even if it is connected to other fields of experience it nevertheless displays something unique which appears in that piece of art and there alone.

    28. What is mentioned as one of the conditions through which art is seen?

    A. Impressionism.  B. Optical illusions.  C. Nature.  D. Perspective.

    29. Why did the Egyptians search for the permanent essence of an object?

    A. Because Egyptian art was thought to be unrealistic constructivism.

    B. Because they should present a person in his individual movements.

    C. Because the reality of the visible was only the presence of an instant.

    D. Because the appearance of the object features largely in the reality.

    30. What can we infer after reading the passage?

    A. The conditions of art are more than a particular way of interpreting reality.

    B. The way in which reality appears in art should be regarded only on its own.

    C. Myth, Christianity, or technology was under the influence of a unique style.

    D. Works of art were usually produced in response to certain interpretations.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:5 入库时间:2017-09-14
    来源: 江苏省南京市秦淮中学2016-2017学年高一下学期期中考试英语试卷 Word版含答案.doc

    British potato farmers were taking to the streets to call for the expression “couch potato” to be taken from the dictionary because it harms the vegetable’s image.

       The British Potato Council wants the Oxford English Dictionary to replace the expression with the term "couch slouch", with protests planned outside parliament in London and the offices of Oxford University Press. Kathryn Race, head of marketing at the Council, which represents some 4,000 growers and processors, said the group had complained in writing to the OED but had yet to receive a response. "We are trying to get rid of the image that potatoes are bad for you," she said Monday. The potato has had its knocks in the past. Of course it is not the Oxford English Dictionary's fault but we want to use another term than “couch potato” because potatoes are naturally healthy.

    The OED says "couch potato" originated as American slang, meaning "a person who spends leisure time passively or idly sitting around, especially watching television or video tapes."

    The Potato Council says its campaign has the backing of dieticians(饮食学家) who say the vegetable is low in fat and high in vitamin C. Supporting the campaign, celebrity chef Antony Worrall Thompson said the vegetable was one of Britain’s favorite foods. “Not only are they healthy, they are versatile(多样的), convenient and taste great too. Life without potato is like a sandwich without a filling,” he said.

    John Simpson, chief editor of the Oxford English Dictionary, said the dictionary first included the term “couch potato” in 1993 and said "dictionaries just reflect the words that society uses." He said words were never taken out of the full-length dictionary, which includes some 650,000 words contained in 20 volumes. But little-used words can be removed from the smaller dictionaries to make way for newer ones. “If society stops using words, then they are taken out of the smaller dictionaries”, he added. “The first known recorded use of the expression “couch potato” was in a 1979 Log Angeles Times article,” Simpson said.

    Nigel Evans, a member of parliament for the Ribble Valley in Lancashire, has made a motion in support of the campaign, highlighting the nutritional value of the British potato.

    58. The British potato farmers went to demonstrate against OED because __________.

       A. the phrase “couch potato” has largely damaged the benefits of planting potatoes

       B. OED board has had prejudice(偏见) in absorbing “couch potato” into its new versions of dictionary

       C. the phrase “couch potato” has hurt people’s feelings about potatoes

       D. the phrase “couch potato” has ruined the positive image of potatoes

    59. According to the British Potato Council, the OED __________.

       A. has done something wrong to the British potato farmers

       B. should leave out from it the phrase “couch potato”

       C. should replace the phrase with “couch slouch”

       D . should make up for what it did to the farmers

    60. Antony Worrall Thompson supported the campaign started by the Potato council because ________.

       A. he is a cook and potato is his favorite food

       B. the phrase doesn’t match what people think of

       C. potatoes are of rich nutrients and good taste

       D. potatoes are a main source for making sandwich

    61. What can best describe the viewpoints held by John Simpson?

       A. OED will remove the phrase if it causes strong protests

       B. OED should collect all the words reflecting society uses

       C .If words are little used, they might be removed from OED

       D. The phrase might be removed from smaller dictionaries one day

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-09-14
    来源: 江苏省江安高级中学2016-2017学年高二下学期英语综合测试 Word版含答案.doc

    Scientists are debating how to limit their newly­discovered power to change genetic structure(结构). Scientists already modify the genes(基因) of farm animals and agricultural plants to make them more productive or stronger. But now they can also change genes in wild animals and plants. These genes would continue into later generations. For example, it may be possible for scientists to remove from existence the kind of mosquitoes, small flying insects, that carry the Zika virus. They might also be able to permanently remove species(物种) of plants and animals that are damaging to other species.

    In a report published last week, the US. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine (NAS) said it supports continued research on this kind of gene control. But it warned that it is not possible to know what will happen when these changed plants and animals are released(释放) into the wild.

    Sixteen biologists, ethicists(伦理学家) and policymakers are on an NAS committee that is examining the issue. They say that there is value to the new technology. But, they say, there is not enough evidence to support the release of modified organisms(生物体) from the laboratory into nature.

    Many people would support stopping mosquitoes and rats from carrying diseases. But scientists say we must understand the possible scientific, ethical, legal and social results of such action before we decide whether to take it. Gene modification is spread through reproduction(繁殖)

    Changed genes will continue to spread as long as an animal or plant continues to reproduce. They cannot be limited to a farm or kept within a country's borders. Scientists are wondering what may happen if a modified organism mates with another species. They are not yet sure how the modified genes would affect the other species. It is possible that those genes could harm those creatures or even lead to their disappearance from our planet.

    34. What possible advantage does gene control in wild animals and plants have?

    A. Changing the Zika virus permanently.

    B. Getting rid of damaging species forever.

    C. Having the changed genes in their next generations.

    D. Making all the species more productive and stronger.

    35. As for genetically changed wild animals and plants, what are scientists worried about?

    A. They may become weaker or die out.

    B. They may be more productive than before.

    C. They may cause damage to their living habitat.

    D. Their genes may spread to later generations.

    36. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

    A. Scientists are certain what exact results gene modification leads to.

    B. Gene modification can benefit some farm animals and agricultural plants.

    C. Scientists won't modify any genes before they make the final decision.

    D. Gene modification will be encouraged in more creatures in the near future.

    37. The article is mainly intended to ________

    A. appeal against research on gene control  B. show how to change genetic structure

    C. inform us of power and danger of gene control  D. give the reason why gene modification is necessary

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2017-09-12
    来源: 西藏拉萨市北京实验中学2016-2017学年高二上学期期末考试英语试题 Word版含解析.doc

    The Canadian red and white maple leaf(枫叶) flag is officially called the National Flag of Canada. The Canadian flag shows a stylized red maple leaf with 11  points on a white background, with red borders down each side. The Canadian flag is twice as long as it is wide. The white square containing the red maple leaf is the same width as the flag.

    The red and the white used in the National Flag of Canada  were  proclaimed the official colors of Canada in 1921 by King George Ⅴ. Although the maple leaf did not have its official

    status  as  a  symbol  of  Canada  until  the announcement of the national flag in 1965, it had historically been used as a Canadian symboland was used in 1860 in decorations for the visit of the Prince of Wales to Canada. The 11 points on the maple leaf have no special significance.

    In the early daysthe Royal Union Flagor the Union Jack, was still flown in British North America. In 1925 and again in 1946, the Canadian Prime Minister  Mackenzie King tried to get a national flag of Canada adopted, but failed. In 1964Prime Minister Lester Pearson appointed a 15­member, all­ party committee to come up with a design for a new flag. The committee was given six weeks to complete its task.

    The committee studied 2,000 submitted(提交的) designs as well as 3,900 that had been gathered  as a result of the 1946 committee's study. Those designs with a chance of being accepted were given to the full committee for further study.

    The suggestion of a red and white single maple leaf design for the Canadian flag came from George Stanley, a professor at the Royal Military College. After a heated discussionthey finally decided on his suggestion. 

    29How many colors are there in the National Flag of Canada? 

    AOne    BTwo    CThree    DFour 

    30When did Canada have its own national flag? 

    AIn 1921.    BIn 1860.   CIn 1964.     DIn 1965. 

    31What does the underlined word "they" in the last paragraph refer to? 

    A. The officials of the government.    

     BThe professors from the Royal M ilitary College.

        C. The members of the 1946 committee. 

    D. The members of the 1964 committee.

    32. The passage is mainly about________. 

    A. the designer of the National Flag of Canada 

    B. the history of the National Flag of Canada 

    C. the meaning of the National Flag of Canada 

    D.why the red and white single maple leaf was chosen as the design for the National Flag of Canada

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-09-12
    来源: 西藏拉萨市北京实验中学2016-2017学年高二上学期期末考试英语试题 Word版含解析.doc

    Body language is an important part of communication(交流).  If you want to communicate well, it's important to understand how you can (and can't) use your body to say   what you mean, especially when you're in a foreign country. If a person is bored, he won't look at the person who is talking to him. He will find other things to do. He may also keep looking at his watch or a clock. If a person is open to you, his arms and legs will not be crossed . And if a person is relaxed, you will know it by looking at his body, even his breathing is slower.     

    Here are some examples of body language:                      

    Body languageFeeling Sitting with legs  crossed BoredSitting with legs apartOpen, relaxed Walking  with hands in pockets, head down SadHand to cheek Thinking things in Hands clasped (握紧 ) behind back Angry

    25. What can you do if you want to communicate well?

    A. Walk with hands in pockets.

    B. Use body language to say what I mean.

    C. Speak in public

    D. Say something slowly.

    26. If a person is______, he won't look at the person who is talking.

    A. bored       B. tired               C. happy    D. open

    27. If a person is relaxed,____.

    A. he will find other things to look at

    B. he will speak louder

    C. his breathing will be slower

    D. his breathing will be quicker

    28. What's the best title for the passage?

    A. Communication     B. Body LanguageC. Some Feelings       D. Health

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:3 入库时间:2017-09-09
    来源: 四川省新津中学2016-2017学年高二12月月考英语试题 Word版含解析.doc

     Although Americans are well known for getting down to business, Indians working in overseas teams, MNCs, and BPOs should know the importance of small talk. While Indians have a true interest in talking to Americans and getting to know them, they also hesitate to do so for some reasons. Americans engage in less personal small talk than Indians. And the topics and questions used in English vary widely based on language differences and cultural differences. Here are three things to keep in mind while you are trying to make small talk with your American clients and colleagues.

          Amencans love to ask about, and then complain about the weather. They may talk about how the weather prevented them from having fun or how the weather supported their outdoor events. You can talk about the weather with them to begin a conversation. While talking, they always try to follow up on their answer by asking another open-ended question or make a statement, such as "Wow, that sounds like fun ! " or "You went to St. Louis. In which state is that?" Be creative in your questions. Feel free to ask one or two, but not very personal ones about relations. Stick to the facts or events that were already referred to.

          Sometimes, some words used in India will totally confuse an American. For example, Americans use the word "weekend" instead of "holiday"  for Saturdays and Sundays ( non-working days) , and use the word " vacation"  or " days off"  instead of " out-of-station" .

          Always be interested, optimistic and happy. Talk with a smile! Vary the sound of your voice. Do not sound like a computer. If you are unsure how you sound, a good tip is to record yourself and listen to it later.  Doing this helps you know how your voice sounds, and if you don't sound as you want to be heard, it may be time to work on enhancing your voice.

    21. For Indians, having small talk with American colleagues is          .

       A. boring        B. useless  C. important        D. interesting

    22. What is Paragraph 2 mainly about?

        A. What Americans like talking about in their daily life.

        B. How Americans usually start a conversation with others.

        C. Why talking about the weather is good to begin a conversation.

        D. What people can say when having small talk with Amencans.

    23. What does the underlined word "enhancing" in the last paragraph mean?

        A. Lowering.       B. Replacing.        C. Improving.      D. Examining.

    24. What’s the writer's purpose in writing the passage?

        A. To prove that having small talk is not very hard.

        B. To explain why Indians hesitate to talk with Americans.

        C. To show the differences between Americans and Indians.

        D. To tell how to make small talk with American clients and colleagues.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2017-09-09
    来源: 四川省双流中学2017届高三下学期第一次模拟考试英语试题 Word版含解析.doc

    On Christmas Eve, 1944, my grandmother urged my uncle, then 12 years old, to slip out of the concentration camp where they were imprisoned near 15 miles east of Vienna to go to Deutsch-Wagram. “People are charitable around Christmastime,” Grandma Lili said to her son, Gyuri. “Ask for some food. Anything they can spare. Tell them that we’re on the edge of starvation. Tell them that your 3-year-old sister can not get off the bed because she’s outgrown her shoes.”

    In the dark of that night, Gyuri secretly left the camp and walked nearly four miles to Deutsch-Wagram, the closest town. He happened upon a house and knocked on the front door. A woman opened that door. She was probably alone, her man far away, fighting in the war, her children asleep in their beds. The 12-year-old pieced together in German exactly what his mother had told him to say.

    “Come back tomorrow," whispered the woman. The next day, my uncle returned. The woman opened the door with a smile. She piled his hands with bread, clothing, a pair of shoes that her child had outgrown and a pair of socks. The woman had knitted warm socks for my mother. After putting on the socks and shoes that fit, my mother got off the bed in delight. Her ragged shoes were passed on to a younger child who was also living in the camp. They shared their unexpected harvest with the entire camp. It was a quiet celebration of human kindness around Christmastime.

    In April 1945, my mother, uncle and grandmother were liberated. And it was those very socks and shoes that my mother wore as she walked some 28 miles over two days to Bratislava on her walk to a new life.

    To the unknown giver, I thank you. In the desperation of a cold and snowy land, when many hearts were closed and death was more likely than life, especially for Jews, you gave them hope and comfort.

    5. What did Gyuri manage to do on Christmas Eve?

    A. Get permitted to go out.

    B. Receive food and clothing.

    C. Express what his family needed.

    D. Celebrate Christmas in the camp

    6. Why does the author mention shoes so many times?

    A. To prove the truth of the story.

    B. To help the development of the story.

    C. To attract readers’ attention to the story.

    D. To make clear the background of the story.

    7. What feeling did the author write the text with?

    A. Desperation    B. Gratefulness.

    C. Excitement    D. Sorrow.

    8. What is the passage mainly about?

    A. Light in darkness    B. Peace to common people

    C. Courage in face of danger    D. The influence of Christmas

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读