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  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2017-06-20
    来源: 2017年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语(江苏卷)试题及答案 解析.DOC

    Before birth, babies can tell the difference between loud sounds and voices. They can even distinguish their mother’s voice from that of a female stranger. But when it comes to embryonic learning(胎教), birds could rule the roost. As recently reported in The Auk: Ornithological Adrances, some mother birds may teach their young to sing even before they hatch(孵化). New-born chicks can then imitate their mom’s call within a few days of entering the world.

        This educational method was first observed in 2012 by Sonia Kieindorfer,a biologist at Flinders University in South Australia, and her colleagues. Femake Australian superb fairy wrens were found to repeat one sound over and over again while hatching their errs, when the errs were hatched, the baby birds made the similar chirp to their mothers—around that served as their regular “feed me!” call.

    To find out if the special quality was more widespread in birds, the researchers sought the red-backed fairy wren, another species of Australian songbird. First they collected sound data from 67 nests in four sites in Queensland before and after hatching. Then they identified begging calls by analyzing the order and number of notes. A computer analysis blindly compared calls produced by mothers and chicks, ranking them by similarity.

        It turns out that baby red-backed fairy wrens also emerge chirping like their moms. And the more frequently mothers had called to their errs, the more similar were the babies’ begging calls. In addition, the team set up a separate experiment that suggested that the baby birds that most closely imitated their mom’s voice were rewarded with the most food.

    This observation hints that effective embryonic learning could signal neurological(神经系统的) strengths of children to parents. An evolutionary inference can then be drawn.” As a parent, do you invest in quality children, or do you invest in children that are in need?” Kleindorfer asks.” Our results suggest that they might be going for quality.”

    58.The underlined phrase in Paragraph 1 means“     ”.

      A. be the worst         B. be the best                      C. be the as bad              D. be just as good

    59.What are Kleindorfer’s findings based on?

      A. Similarities between the calls moms and chicks.        B. The observation of fairy wrens across Australia.

      C. The data collected from Queensland’s locals.           D. Controlled experiments on wrens and other birds.

    60.Embryonic learning helps mother birds to identify the baby birds which       .

      A. can receive quality signals                            B. are in need of training

      C. fit the environment better                             D. make the loudest call

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:教育类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2017-06-16
    来源: 云南省沾益县第一中学2016-2017学年高一下学期第二次质量检测英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Today almost everyone knows computers and the Internet. If I ask you, “What is the most important in your life?”, maybe you will say “Computers and the Internet. ”

    The first computer was made in 1946. It was very big but it worked slowly. Today computers are getting smaller and smaller.  But they work faster and faster. What can computers do? A writer has said, “People can’t live without computers today. ”

    The Internet came a little later than computers. It is about twenty-five years later than computers.  But now it can be found almost everywhere. We can use it to read books, write letters, do shopping, play games or make friends.

    Many students like the Internet very much. They often go into the Internet as soon as they are free. They make friends on the Internet and maybe they have never seen these friends. They don’t know their real names, ages, and even sex. They are so interested in making the “unreal friends” that they can’t put their hearts into study. Many of them can’t catch up with others on many subjects because of that.

    We can use computers and the Internet to learn more about the world. But at the same time, we should remember that not all the things can be done by computers and the Internet.

    21. The Internet can not be used for ____.

    A. studying         B. playing         C. shopping     D. thinking

    22 .When the first computer was invented, it was ____.

    A. large and worked quickly            B. large but worked slowly 

    C.  small and worked slowly          D. small but worked quickly

    23. The Internet was born in about ____.

    A. 1971           B. 1946                 C. 1960       D. 1985

    24. What does the writer think of the Internet?

    A. It is not good for students.

    B. It can make students study harder.

    C. It is helpful, but we can’t do everything on it.   

    D. It is wonderful.  

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:教育类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-06-16
    来源: 四川省中江县龙台中学2016-2017学年高二下学期期中考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    The bed should be used as a place for sleep, but more and more people like to read an iPad a lot in bed before they go to sleep.

    Charles Czeisler, a professor at Harvard Medical School, and his coworkers got a small group of people for an experiment. For five days in a row, these people read either a paper book or an iPad for four hours before sleep. Their sleep patterns were monitored all night. Before and after each trial period, they took hourly blood tests to paint a day-long picture of just how much melatonin(褪黑激素) was in their blood at any time.

    When the people read the iPad as compared to the paper books, they felt less sleepy at night and less active the following morning. People also took longer to fall asleep on the iPad nights, and the blood tests showed that their melatonin secretion(分泌) was delayed by an hour and a half.

    The researchers concluded that because of the rise of e-readers and the widespread use of e-things among children and teenagers, more research into the "long-term influence of these e-things on health and safety is urgently needed." Czeisler and coworkers went on, in the research paper, to point out that reading an iPad in bed may increase cancer risk.

    However, software has been developed that can reduce some of the blue light from the screens of phones and computers, and there are also glasses that are made to reduce short wavelengths. While they seem like a logic solution for the nighttime tech users, it needs more research.

    25. In Charles Czeisler's experiment, the group of people were asked to_______.

       A. sit in a row and receive the strict tests

       B. read a paper book and an iPad before sleep

       C. have their sleep patterns observed all night

    D. have their blood tested per hour during the trial

    26. The third paragraph tells us the iPad readers were likely to_______.

       A. feel less sleepy and tired in the day

       B. become less energetic the next morning

       C. fall asleep more easily after reading

       D. have a lot more melatonin secretion

    27. The special software recently developed can _______.

       A. reduce the harm caused by doing nighttime e-reading

    B. reduce the blue light from the screens completely

       C. help prevent eyes being harmed by short wavelengths

       D. be used in all the e-things widely and safely

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:教育类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2017-06-14
    来源: 宁夏固原市第一中学2017届高三下学期4月份能力提升测试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

      Teaching is more than leadership. Some of the teacher’s time and effort is directed toward instruction, some toward evaluation. But it is the teacher as a group leader who creates an effective organizational structure and good working environment so that instruction and evaluation activities can take place. A group that is totally disorganized, unclear about its goals, or constantly fighting among its members will

    not be a good learning group. The leadership pattern includes helping to form and maintain a positive learning environment so that instruction and evaluation activities can take place.

      On the first day of class, the teacher faces a room filled with individuals. Perhaps a few closely united groups and friendships already exist. But there is no sense of group unity, no set of rules for conduct in the group, no feeling of belonging. If teachers are successful leaders, they will help students develop a system of relationships that encourages working together.

      Standards and rules must be set to keep order, make sure of justice and protect individual rights, but do not contradict school policy. What happens when one student hurts another’s individual rights? Without clear regulations agreeable to the students and teachers, the classroom can become chaotic. Students may break rules they did not know existed. If standards are set without participation from the class, students may spend a great deal of creative energy in destroying the class environment or finding ways to break rules.

      No matter how skillful the teacher is in uniting students and creating a positive atmosphere, the task is never complete. Regular maintenance is necessary. Conflicts arise. The needs of individual members change. A new kind of learning task requires a new organizational structure. Sometimes outside pressures such as holidays, upcoming tests or sport competitions, or family troubles cause stress in the classroom. One task for the teacher is to recreate a positive environment by helping students deal with conflict, change, and stress.   

    32. The underlined word “maintain” in Para.1 probably means_______.

     A. keep    B.  build   C. recreate D. evaluate

    33. According to the author, the teacher should _______.

     A. free students from outside pressures      

     B. set the standards and rules on his own

     C. be responsible for a well-organized class  

     D. focus more on instruction and evaluation

    34. From the passage we can learn that ______.

     A. rules cannot be changed once they’re formed

     B. outside pressures can not cause tension among students

     C. if the teacher well unites his students, he then will finish his task

     D.if rules are not acceptable both to students and teachers,the classroom can be mess
    35. What is the author’s main purpose of writing the passage?

     A. To provide information for teaching

     B. To show the importance of teaching a class.

     C. To study the teacher’s behavior in the classroom.

     D. To compare the teacher’s behavior with the students’ in class.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:教育类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:7 入库时间:2017-05-19
    来源: 天津市十二重点中学2017届高三毕业班联考(一)英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    On March 19, Malala Yousafzai, a 15-year-old Pakistani student and women’s education activist, returned to the classroom for the first time since being violently attacked by a member of the Taliban ---- a terrorist organization ---- on October 9, 2012. Malala was shot on her way home from school in Mingora, Pakistan. A Taliban group took responsibility for the attack, claiming that the attack should serve as a warning to others. Members of the group follow a strict version of the local religion and believe girls are not permitted to go to school. Malala was targeted because she is appealing for girls’ rights to education in Swat Valley, Pakistan.

    Malala recovers from the attack at Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham, England. After a long period of recovery, Malala is starting as a nine-year student at Edgbaston High School. It is the oldest independent girl school in Birmingham, England. Though she has no concrete plans to return to Pakistan, Malala still speaks out as a voice for change in her country and everywhere.

    “I am excited that today I have achieved my dreams of going back to school. I want all girls in the world to have this basic opportunity,” Malala said in a statement. “I miss my classmates from Pakistan very much but I am looking forward to meeting my teachers and making new friends here in Birmingham.”

    Malala has been an Internet blogger, or writer, since she was 11 years old. In 2011 she was awarded Pakistan’s National Peace Award for her bravery in writing about difficulties of life and education in the shadow of Taliban. She has spoken publicly about children’s rights and been nominated(提名)for an international children’s peace prize.

    After the attack in 2012, support for Malala poured in from around the world. The United Nations declared November 10 Malala Day. Former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown said the day honors Malala and shows the world that people of all sexes, all backgrounds and all countries stand behind the heroine.

    46. What’s the best title of this text?
       A. A terrorism attack.                  
           B. An education activist.

       C. The Taliban’s threat.                       D. The return of a heroine.

    47. When was Malala violently attacked by the Taliban?

           A. Serving as a warner.                 B. Going home after school.

           B. Staying in classroom.                         D. Playing at home.

    48. Why was Malala shot?

           A. Because she didn’t obey the school rules.

           B. Because she planned to study in England.

           C. Because she called on girls to go to school.

           D. Because she fought against the Taliban.

    49. What can we learn from Paragraph 2?

           A. Malala is still concerned about her homeland.

           B. Malala will return to Pakistan soon.

           C. Malala recovered shortly after the shot.

           D. Malala will study in a Pakistani school.

    50. The United Nations declare November 10 Malala Day because ________.

           A. November 10 is Malala’s birthday

           B. Malala has been awarded an international children’s peace prize

           C. Malala has made great achievement in writing

           D. Malala has advocated the right to children’s education

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:教育类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:3 入库时间:2017-05-16
    来源: 山西省应县第一中学校2015-2016学年高二上学期期末考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Many kids would likely argue that their lunch periods are too short. While the precious breaks from class work are used to relax and chat with friends, students also need to scarf down a full meal to fuel them through the rest of the day.

    But it is found that students need more than few minutes to consume those much-needed nutrients.Longer lunch periods are related to students eating healthier lunches, researchers found. The study compared food choices with the amount of time students are given to eat. Students with less than 20 minutes for lunch ate less—including nutritional fruits and veggies.

    Nationwide, the average lunch period is about 30 minutes, according to a 2014 report from the School Nutrition Association. But researchers found that the amount of time available to eat can get cut down to less than 10 minutes.

    Researchers reviewed 1,001 students in low-income neighborhoods in Massachusetts that had lunch periods of between 20 and 30 minutes in length. Students with less than 20 minutes to eat their lunches consumed 13 percent less of their entrées(主菜), 12 percent less of their vegetables, and 10 percent less of their milk compared to students who had at least 25 minutes for lunch. Students with shorter lunch periods were less likely to even select a fruit in the lunch line: 44 percent of kids with 20-minute periods picked up an apple or orange, More than 30 million children—half of all public school children nationwide, a record, according to the Southern Education Foundation—eat low-cost or free lunches every day under the National School Lunch program. With the 2010 Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act, school lunches have seen an examination in their nutritional guidelines, with an increase in whole grains, low-fat options, and fruits and vegetables.

    While lengthening lunch periods and cutting class time may not be a option for many schools whose funding is tied to results of tests, researchers suggested properly arranging the lunch lines so that students can make the most out of the time they have.

    28. The underlined phrase “scarf down”means _____.

    A. eat   B. prepare   C. discuss   D. improve

    29. If the students don’t have enough time to eat, they will____.

    A. have slim figures             B. eat more fruits

    C. lack adequate nutrition       D. have to make a hard choice

    30. What is the best title of the text?

    A. Want kids to eat healthier school lunches? Give them time .

    B. The 2010 Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act? How to keep slim?

    C. Better habits affect students’ health? Give them a hand.

    D. The National School Lunch program will result better. How ?

    31. Some schools are reluctant(不情愿) to cut school time , because_____.

    A. they are afraid of criticism from parents .

    B. they want to begin the proper lunch lines .

    C. the bad behavior in the test will affect the school fund.

    D. they will have to increase fat options and fruits.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:教育类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:3 入库时间:2017-05-04
    来源: 湖北省沙市中学2016-2017学年高二下学期第三次双周考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

        Mature-age university students are annoying, I know. I understand that when you're 18 or 19, and already know everything, there's no need to do the readings or other easy tasks. I also understand that there are these old people in class who should be doing other things —  maybe retiring, or gardening in the backyard. However they are eagerly asking questions (or even, answering them) and generally loud in class.

        I understand because I used to be one of them. I dropped out of high school in Year 11 and after playing guitar in a band for a few years, I spent the next ten years working different jobs. Then a friend, who thought I was wasting my life, suggested I enrol at his university. Although afraid, I eventually took a university preparation course and a year later became a 35-year-old university freshman.

        Like many mature-age students, after completing my degree, I continued studying and eventually attained my PhD.

        Now I'm a lecturer at Toronto University in Canada. In fact, I have just finished preparing a group of mature-age students to annoy next year's young first years. My students come from many different backgrounds. But they all share an enthusiasm for knowledge and learning.

        Besides,they're likely to be waiting in class, counting away the seconds silently in the hope that someone young will want to talk about all of these amazing ideas they are learning about. Only after waiting for younger voices to speak. ( but which often remain silent)  do they begin talking.

        Speaking for myself, I love students who come prepared and ready to discuss. So let's celebrate all of those “annoying”mature-age students.

    32  According to the article, a mature-age student is a person             .

        A. who starts university at an older age

        B. who behaves like an adult

        C. not yet qualified to enter university

        D. studying for a higher degree

    33..What is the author’s attitude towards mature-age students?

        A. annoyed                 B. supportive                     C. indifferent               D. negative

    34 .. What does the underlined word "them" in Paragraph 2 refer to?

         A. Retired people.                  

    B. Mature-age university students.

         C. Early high school leavers.   

    D. University students aged below 20.

    35. Why do mature-age students often wait before speaking in class?   

         A. They want to give the younger students more chances to speak.

         B. They are not very familiar with the topic being discussed.

         C. They lack the ability to give their opinions.    

         D. They don’t want to express their opinions.     

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:教育类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:5 入库时间:2017-05-03
    来源: 河南省南阳市六校2016-2017学年高二下学期第一次联考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

        When children start kindergarten,evident gaps in science knowledge already exist between Whites and minorities and between youngsters from upper-income and low-income families.And they often deepen into significant achievement gaps by the end of eighth grade if they are not dealt with during elementary school.

        The findings suggest that,in order tor the United States to maintain long-term scientific and economic competitiveness in the world,policymakers need to renew efforts to ensure access to high-quality,early learning experiences in childcare settings,preschools and elementary schools.

        The researchers’ study tracked 7,757 children from their start in kindergarten to the end of eighth grade. Researchers found that,among kindergarteners with low levels of general knowledge,62 percent were struggling in science by the time they reached third grade and 54 percent were struggling in that subject in eighth grade.And general knowledge gaps between minorities and Whites were already large at the time when students began kindergarten.

        “Children growing up in low-income families typically experience comparatively fewer early opportunities to learn about the natural and social sciences,” the authors wrote.“Their parents often have lower educational levels and therefore less science knowledge themselves as well as fewer resources available to direct the children's academic growth.Children raised in poverty often attend poorly resourced schools that further limit their academic opportunities.”

        Morgan said that,within families,parents who regularly talk and interact with toddlers(学步的儿童)can point out and explain physical,natural and social events occurring around them daily.This might help youngsters learn facts and concepts that will prepare them to take better advantage of science instruction they receive during elementary and middle school.

    32.Which may be the possible result of the gaps in science knowledge during kindergarten?

    A.Children from rich families wilt behave better in life.

    B.Children from minorities may have less desire for learning.

    C.The gaps will disappear automatically when children grow up.

    D.Children's academic performance afterwards will be affected.

    33.What did the researchers suggest policymakers do?

    A.Narrow income gaps between different families.        B.Make good education available to children.

    C.Give extra lessons to children from poor families.        D.Strengthen competitive awareness of kindergarteners.

    34.What can parents do to help their toddlers learn?

    A.Offer them more learning resources.                   B.Give them more nutritious food.

    C.Create learning opportunities in daily life.              D.Let them attend science courses for kids.

    35.Which of the following can be the best title for the text?

    A.Equal Education Is Important in Kindergarten         

    B.Income Gaps Affect Children's School Performances

    C.Provide More Available Access to Childhood Learning  

    D.Science Knowledge Gaps Are Obvious in Kindergarten

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:教育类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:7 入库时间:2017-05-03
    来源: 河南省南阳市第一中学2016-2017学年高二下学期第一次月考(3月)英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Many children first learn the value of money by receiving an allowance (pocket money). The purpose is to let the children learn from experiences at an early age when financial mistakes are not very costly.

    The amount of money that parents give to their children to spend as they wish differs from family to family. Timing is another consideration. Some children get a weekly allowance. Others get a monthly allowance.

    In any case, parents should make clear what, if anything, the child is expected to pay for with the money. At first, young children may spend all of their allowance soon after they receive it. If they do this, they will learn the hard way that spending must be done within a budget. Parents are usually advised not to offer more money until the next allowance.

    The object is to show young people that a budget demands a choice between spending and saving.Older children may be responsible enough to save money for larger costs like clothing or electronics. Many people who have written on the subject of allowances say it is not a good idea to pay your child for work around the home. These jobs are a normal part of family life.

    Paying children to do extra work around the house, however, can be useful. It can even provide an understanding of how a business works.

    Allowances give children a chance to experience the three things they can do with money. They can share it in the form of gifts or giving to a good cause. They can spend it by buying things they want. Or they can save it.

    Saving helps children understand that costly goals require sacrifice. You have to cut costs and plan for the future. Requiring children to save part of their allowances can also open the door to future saving and investing. Many banks offer services to help children and teenagers learn about personal finance.

    A savings account is an excellent way to learn about the power of compound interest.

    Compounding works by paying interest on interest. So, for example, one dollar invested at two percent interest for two years will earn two cents in the first year. The second year, the money will earn two percent of one dollar and two cents, and so on. That may not seem like a lot. But over time it adds up.

    32. Giving an allowance, parents should consider all the following EXCEPT_______.

    A. how much the child should get each time  B. whether the child has made a budget

    C. where the money really goes            D. how often a child can get it

    33. The author of the passage holds the opinion that________.

    A. what children learn by handling allowances may be beneficial in the future

    B. children can learn to set up their own business with their allowances

    C. keeping allowances in the bank is the best choice for children

    D. it is not a good idea to pay children for housework at home

    34. The underlined words “compound interest” in the passage probably means ________.

    A. increasing curiosity to learn how to make more money

    B. stronger power to hold one’s attention to saving money

    C. money paid by the bank on your original money and the gain from it

    D. the sum of money that you earn from keeping your money in the bank

    35. What is the best title for the passage?

    A. Be Generous to Pay Your Children.

    B. Be Wise to Avoid Financial Mistakes.

    C.Saving Allowances Does Good to Children.

    D.Allowances Help Children Learn about Money. 

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:教育类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2017-05-02
    来源: 河北省涞水波峰中学2017届高三上学期期末模拟(七)英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    As the morning school bell rings and students rush inteenagers in one classroom settle onto mats and meditation (冥想)pillows. They fall silent after the teacher taps a “singing bowl”.

    These students are in a for-credityear-long mindfulness classwhich is meant to ease youth anxiety and depression and to prevent violence. For 90 minutes, three days a week, they practice a mix of yoga, sitting, and walking meditation, deep breathing, journaling, and non-judgmental listening.

    Yoga and meditation have gained popularity among Americans in recent decadessupported by studies showing benefits to emotional, mental, and physical health. The centuries-old practices have roots in eastern religions, but Western culture has long focused on physical postures (姿势)breathing, and relaxation techniques.

    Some people have greeted the move with less than enthusiasm. Last year, an elementary school in Ohio ended its mindfulness program after parents complained it was too closely linked to religion. But many school districts are reporting success. In Richmond, California, schools have reported drops in school problems among low-income, at-risk youths. The school district in South Burlington, Vermont, introduced a successful mindfulness course as part of a health and wellness program, and now administrators there have advocated mindfulness into K-12 currculums.

    Two years ago, Caverly Morgan developed the after-school mindfulness program teamed up with Allyson Copacinowho teaches yoga. After hundreds of students signed upPrincipal Brian Chatard took note. The school was dealing with a students suicide (自杀),and few resources were available to address students’ emotional and mental health.

    “High school is the hardest period of time for kids,” Mr. Chatard said. “You’ve got emotional changes, physical changes, and all the social pressures. It’s also the onset of mental illness for some kids, depression hits, and there’s the pressure of college and sports. All these things kids do is over¬whelming without having a strategy (策略)to deal with it. ” And now schools all over the country are introducing the practices.

    25. What do Western people value more about yoga and meditation?

       A. Non-judgmental listening.       B. Religious meaning.

       C. Physical benefits.                 D. Journaling.

    26. What can we infer about the mindfulness class?

       A. It is supported by parents.

       B. It relives pressure of students.

       C. It mainly builds students up physically.

       D. It improves students’ academic performance.

    27. Who started the mindfulness class?

       A. Administrators.     B. Brian Chatard.    C. Caverly Morgan.  D. Allyson Copacino.

    28. What is Mr. Chatard’s attitude towards the program?

       A. Supportive.        B. Concerned.     C. Doubtful.      D. Reserved.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:教育类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2017-04-30
    来源: 河北省衡水中学2017届高三下学期三调考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    The more hours that young children spend in child care, the more likely they are to turn out aggressive and disobedient by the time they are in kindergarten, according to the largest study of child care and development ever conducted. Researchers said this correlation (相关性)held true regardless of whether the children came from rich or poor homes, were looked after by a relative or at a center, and whether they were girls or boys.

       What is uncertain, however, is whether the child care actually causes the problem or whether children likely to turn out aggressive happen to be those who spend more hours in child care. It also remains unclear whether reducing the amount of time in child care will reduce the risk that a child will turn into a mean person. What’s more, quality child care is associated with increased skills in intellectual ability such as language and memory, leading some academics to suggest that child care turns out children who are “smart and naughty”.

    The government-sponsored research, which has tracked more than 1,300 children at 10 sites across the country since 1991, is bound to cause the debate over child care again: How should people balance work and family? And how should parents, especially mothers. Resolve the demands that are placed on them to be both breadwinners and supermoms?

    That debate was already on display at a new briefing yesterday, where researchers themselves had different opinions about the data and its implications (含义). “There is a constant relationship between time in care and problem behavior, especially those involving aggression and behavior,” said Jay Belsky of Birkbeck College in London. one of the lead investigators of the study who has previously annoyed women’s groups because of his criticisms of child care. “On behalf of fathers or mothers?” interrupted Sarah Friedman, a developmental psychologist at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) and one of the other lead scientists on the study. “On behalf of parents and families,” responded Belsky.

    “NICHD is not willing to get into policy recommendations.” said Friedman, contradicting her colleague. “There are other possibilities that can be entertained. Yes it is a quick solution-more hours in child care is associated with more problems. The easy solution is to cut the number of hours but that may have implications for the family that may not be beneficial for the development of the children in terms of economics.” In an interview after the briefing, Friedman said that asking parents to work fewer hours and spend more time with their children usually meant a loss of family income, which adversely(不利地)affects children.

    Scientists said that the study was highly reliable. But the researchers said they had no idea whether the behavioral difficulties persisted as the children moved to higher grades.

    32. Children who spend more time in quality child care will       .

    A. develop greater ability in language   B. be easy to manage and less naughty

    C. possess great risk-taking spirit       D. be greedy and mean to their classmates

    33. What is still unknown about higher level of aggressiveness in kindergarten children?

    A. Whether higher level of aggressiveness can be avoided with longer child care.

    B. Where longer child care equally affects children from different families.

    C. Whether aggressiveness is a direct result of longer child care.

    D. Whether longer child care improves intellectual ability in children.

    34. In the fifth paragraph the word “it” probably means         .

    A. NICHD is unwilling to give parents recommendations

    B. NICHD is willing to give policy advice concerning child care

    C. the number of hours in child care should be reduced significantly

    D. parents should discipline the behavior of their children more strictly

    35. According to Friedman. Cutting the number of hours in child care         .

    A. may prevent families from having the necessary financial sources

    B. will make families unable to enjoy much of the social benefits

    C. will result in subsequent behavioral difficulties in children

    D. should be accompanied with the improvement in the quality of child care

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:教育类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2017-04-28
    来源: 高二月考卷(第七稿 3.5).doc

    Do You Want To Change the Future of Education?

     Our goal is to give a world-class education to everyone, everywhere, regardless of gender, income or social status.

    Today, EDX.org, a not-for-profit website, provides hundreds of thousands of people from around the globe with access to free education .We offer amazing quality classes by the best professors from the best schools. We enable our members to find out a new passion that will transform their lives and their communities.

     Around the world from coast to coast, in over 192 countries, people are making the decision to take one or several of our courses. As we continue to grow our operations, we are looking for talented passionate people with great ideas to join the EDX team. We aim to create an environment that is supportive, diverse, and as fun as our brand. If you’re hardworking and ready to contribute to an unparalleled member experience for our community, we really want you to apply.

        As part of the EDX team, you’ll receive:

        Competitive compensation

        Generous benefits package

        Free lunch every day

        A great workplace where everyone cares and wants to change the world

       While we appreciate every applicant’s interest, only those under consideration will be contacted .We regret that phone calls will not be accepted. We promise that every applicant will be treated fairly.

      All positions are located in our Cambridge offices.

    31. What’s the aim of the text?

         A. To give an introduction to EDX.                  B. To encourage people to join EDX.

         C. To predict the future of education.               D. To advise us to choose quality education.

    32. What does EDX mainly do?

         A. Providing free courses                          B. Studying people’s learning habits

         C. Discovering people’s new passion          D. Researching the trend of education

    33. According to the text, EDX____.

         A. aims to change the world                           B. tries to build more schools

         C. has schools in nearly 200 countries        D. teaches people how to choose their courses

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:教育类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:4 入库时间:2017-04-27
    来源: 甘肃省2017届高三下学期一诊考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    In China,there are usually two reasons why people receive messages from friends and relatives from whom they haven’t heard for a while.The first is about New Year greetings,which are always welcome.The second reason is often less pleasant,however; people are increasingly contacting long lost friends,or even casual acquaintances,and urging them to cast online votes for their children or grandchildren in competitions.

    The practice,which has been growing rapidly,has now reached the point where people are becoming tired and may even feel annoyed.

    The results of a recent survey conducted by the Jinhua Evening News in East China’s Zhejiang Province show that 94 percent of 384 interviewees were once asked by friends or relatives to cast votes online for their children.The contests range from the “cutest baby” to dancing competitions,but in many is the people receiving the messages haven’t heard from the sender for a long time and have never met the child involved.

    Although the competitions may appear to be harmless fun,some education professionals are concerned that they could have a negative effect on children.

    Tang Sulan,a member of the CPPCC’s National Committee (全国政协)proposed a ban on online competitions featuring children to prevent future psychological issues.She was also concerned that public disclosure of a child’s personal information and publication of photos cause a potential risk to the child’s safety.

    Li Hongyan,the mother of an l1-year-old girl and an 18-month-old boy in Beijing,said she has never urged others to vote for her children.Although on the surface the children are competing among themselves via their parents’ social networks,the competitions are also about parents seeking a “sense of victory” for themselves,she Sid. “It feels as though parents are using their babies as tools to win glory for themselves,rather than truly respecting their kids’ dignity and nature.” However,despite her dislike of the contests,she has twice voted for the babies of close friends because “it would be embarrassing to say no”.

    25.What is the best tide for the text?

    A.Receiving Messages: An Unhappy Experience            B.TO Say No:An Embarrassing Experience

    C.A Dilemma:Vote or Not                                 D.Child’s Safety and Casting Votes on Line

    26.What does the underlined word “disclosure” in Paragraph 5 probably mean?

    A.Exposure              B.Concern.              C.Reputation.           D.Competition

    27.What can be inferred from Li Hongyan’s words?

    A.Her children don’t want to join in those online competitions.

    B.She urges people to vote for the babies of her close friends.

    C.She agrees to bring the children to their parents’ social networks

    D.She opposes the idea of parents seeking votes for children.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:教育类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:12 入库时间:2017-04-27
    来源: 安徽省合肥市2017届高三第二次教学质量检测英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Crossing your legs is an extremely common habit; most people don't even notice that they're doing it when they sit down. While you may find it comfortable to sit with one knee crossed over the other, it might be causing health problems that you are not aware of.

    A study published in Blood Pressure Monitoring stated that sitting with your legs crossed can increase your blood pressure. The reason for this is that the blood in your legs has to work against gravity to be pumped back to your heart and that crossing one leg over the other increases resistance, making it even harder for the blood to circulate. This causes your body to increase your blood pressure to push the blood back to the heart. You won't feel any immediate effects, but repeated, drawn-out increases in blood pressure can cause long-term health issues. So, planning to sit for a long period of time? Don't keep your legs crossed.

    Crossing your legs at the knee can also cause pressure on the major nerve in your leg that passes just below your knee and along the outside of your leg, explains Richard Graves, a medical expert. This pressure can cause numbness and temporary paralysis (麻痹) of some of the muscles in your foot and leg, preventing you from being able to raise your anklewhat we know as that pins and needles sensation. While the feeling of discomfort may only last a minute or two, repeatedly crossing your legs until they feel numb can cause permanent nerve damage.

    So next time you sit down, try to get yourself in the habit of sitting with both of your feet on the floor. Not only will it help your posture and stability, but it will also save your health in the long run.

    28. What can we learn about crossing one's legs?

    A. It is a very bad social habit.  

    B. It is usually practiced deliberately.

    C. It can do harm to people's health. 

    D. It can make others feel uncomfortable.

    29. According to the study, sitting with your legs crossed can______.

    A. affect your blood pressure  

    B. resist gravity effectively

    C. lead to heart attacks easily  

    D. improve the function of legs

    30. In the third paragraph "pins and needles" probably means______.

    A. slight sharp pains    

    B. being a little nervous

    C. serious muscle injuries   

    D. being highly flexible

    31. What is the main purpose of the text?

    A. To compare common habits.          

    B. To give readers some advice.

    C. To evaluate effects of an experiment.    

    D. To introduce research methods.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:教育类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2017-04-21
    来源: 浙江第一中学2016-2017学年高一期末考试英语试卷 Word版含答案.doc

    My mom takes pride in the fact that I was talking in three and four word sentences before I was ten months oldSome say it's a gift while others simply think I talk too much

    As my thirties came to a closeI found myself reflecting on my lifeI'm very happy and have no significant regretsHoweverwhen I looked back on those times of difficultyI saw a clear common denominator(特征); I didn't seem to know when to stop talkingWhether it was hurting someone's feelingsor having carelessly told a secretthe incident could have been avoided had I closed my mouth soonerSo I decided to practice the power of quiet

    To take this stepI needed to understand how people could sit comfortably in a group and not talkWhy does my husband feel completely content to say nothing in a conversationHe's highly intelligent and has wonderful opinions but he'll sit quietly and just listenEven when he's asked a pointed questionhe'll answer with few words while still communicating effectivelyWhat a talent!

    Can you imagine being happy just listeningIn surveying those I know who talk less than I doI got two answersthey either didn't feel confident enough to speak upor they just didn't feel the need to participate in the conversationOf course there were other reasons for not talkingbut these were the two most popular answers

    The first one didn't work for meI'm just fine letting people know what I think about themand hopefully it will make the conversation much more interestingThe second one didn't work eitherI do feel the need to participateI feel it physically like an electrical pulse through my body sometimes it's so strong that it causes me to behave badly in the form of interrupting or speaking in an unusually loud voiceI had to look further

    An interesting thing happened on this journey to the power of quietDuring my weekly yoga classit came to me like an answer so clear that the words rang in my head like softheavenly bells

    I talked too much so people would know I cared about themIt was my way of taking care of those I loveI decided before my fortieth birthdaythat from that day forwardthose around me would know I loved themand cared what they thought and feltbut I was going to practice the power of quiet

    As my fortysecond birthday approachesI can say that deciding to talk less has been more about focusing on quality rather than quantityI've found that listening more shows those who I care about that I really do care how they feelNow when I break init means more to themOhsureI still have my short periods of talking too muchbut for the most part this has been one resolution that I can call a success

    41The writer was determined to practice the power of quiet because of    

    Aother people's criticisms                 

    Bher reflections on her past life

    Cher mother's advice                     

    Dher age

    42In Paragraph 3the writer mentions her husband mainly    

    Ato show how one communicates effectively

    Bto explain the reason for his silence in a conversation

    Cto give her high opinion of his communication skills

    Dto give an example of those who have the power of quiet

    43By"I had to look further"the writer means she had to    

    Alook into the future in order to succeed in practicing the power of quiet

    Btry harder to prevent herself from talking too much

    Cfind out other reasons why she should talk less

    Dsurvey people in other areas who talk little

    44Which of the following best describe the writer's character    

    AKind but pessimistic

    BSelfless but proud

    CLoving and active

    DStubborn and sensitive

    45The writer's main purpose for writing this passage is to tell readers    

    Athe importance of participation in conversation

    Bthe reasons for communication problems

    Cthe need to be concerned about other people

    Dthe difficulty in achieving her goal of talking less

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:教育类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:3 入库时间:2017-04-21
    来源: 英语试题.doc

    Forcing children to learn will not improve their development or raise their chances of getting into elite schoolsan educator at an international school has warned
       Hong Kong parents like to fill their children’s schedules each day with extracurricular lessons
    such as pianoswimming and paintingParents hope the additional skills will help their children stand out in admissions interviews for the top schools
       “It's good to expose your child to possibilities
    but it's not good to keep pushing them to try things”said Professor Deborah Eyreeducation director of Nord Anglia Educationwhich opens an international school in Lam Tin“You also want children to thinkreflect and develop themselves as individuals
       “We value what parents do
    We know that they’re trying to do the best for their childBut what’s important is that children come to school loving learning and wanting to learn”Eyre said
    It has been reported that some parents enroll their children in two kindergartens—an English-language one in the morning and another one in Chinese in the afternoon

       “For children
    it's important to have good education but it's also important that they have more informal learning which they do with their family”Eyre said“If you want your child to have a good vocabularyyou can read and talk to your childThey will learn better with you than they would in a kindergarten” 
       Eyre
    a former director of the UK government’s academy for gifted youthoffered the example of Scandinavian countries such as Norwaywhere children do not formally take part in reading or writing until the age of sevenRather than negatively affecting their developmentit helped them get to know the world
       “Internationally
    the educator's role is to introduce some formal learning but also to value play and discovery with young children who are trying to understand the world around them”she saidWe need to help them to discover for themselves
    25
    . What does the underlined word “elite” in Paragraph one probably mean
       A
    . Primary   B. High   C. Top   D. Average
    26
    . According to the textHong Kong parents _____________
       A
    . usually adjust the subjects to their children’s taste
       B
    . hope their children have more skills
       C
    . think it's no good pushing their children to try new things
       D
    . teach their children how to be independent
    27
    . From Eyre’s point of viewhow can children have a good vocabulary
       A
    . Being exposed to parents’ reading and talking   B. Talking with their peers
       C
    . Using more new words from an early age       D. Learning carefully in the kindergarten
    28
    . We can know from the text that in Norway ______________
       A
    . children have no access to books before the age of seven
       B
    . the current educational approaches negatively affect children’s growth
       C
    . play is classified as formal learning
       D
    . children are encouraged to understand the world

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:教育类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2017-04-18
    来源: 山东省烟台二中2016-2017学年高二下学期开学考试英语试卷 Word版含答案.doc

    When US teenager Jake Olson isn’t playing football or golf for his high school, he’s often offering inspiration through his new book about his own life.

    These activities might be too much for the average 16-year-old to deal with, but Jake is blind. When people ask him how he can possibly play golf without being able to see the ball, he says he is thankful for his father’s guidance.

    It seems obvious that his early experience playing sports as a person with sight and muscle memory – repeating behaviors over and over until they become second nature – have also enabled Jake to hit the ball quite well.

    Jake was born with a rare kind of eye cancer that took away the vision (视力) from his left eye when he was an infant (婴儿) and eventually his right eye, in 2009, when he was 12 years old.

    Rather than letting the disease hold him back, Jake used his loss of sight and his faith as sources of motivation (动力).

    If I was going to sit on the couch (沙发) all day feeling sorry for myself, I wasnt going to [do] anything. I decided right then and there that I wasnt going to let it stop me and that I was going to go out and persevere (坚持不懈), he said.*%

    It was with that mind-set that the student from Orange Lutheran High School in California was able to write his first book, Open Your Eyes: 10 Uncommon Lessons to Discover a Happier Life.

    It’s about opening the readers’ eyes to their true potential in life and making sure that they use all the abilities that they have,” Jake said.

    Jakes father, Brian Olson, said the family is impressed with what he has done with his life, including showing people that they can get through adversity (困境).

    Your darkest hour can soon become your brightest, and with every setback, there’s a setup,” Jake said. “In every one of us, there’s more potential than we can ever imagine, and it really is a choice.”

    32. We can learn from the article that Jake Olson ______.

    A. was born a blind child

    B. was born with a gift for golf

    C. has great muscle memory

    D. is trying to find the cure for his disease

    33. According to the article, Jake’s family members ______.

    A. pity him deeply

    B. once gave up hope on him

    C. encouraged him to write the book

    D. admire his efforts and determination

    34. The purpose of Jake’s book is to ______.

    A. promote good approaches to getting along with disabled people

    B. inspire people to discover and use their hidden abilities

    C. help people come up with better life goals

    D. explain different definitions (定义) of a happier life

    35. The underlined word “setback” is closest in meaning to ______.

    A. experience B. failure C. opportunity D. success

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:教育类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:6 入库时间:2017-04-11
    来源: 湖南省衡阳市2017届高三下学期第一次联考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Education has long been the fuel that powered the mighty engine of our nation’s economy. As the number of Americans with college degrees rose rapidly right after World War ,our middle class grew dramatically and the United States reached new heights of job creation, productivity and prosperity, becoming the envy of the world.

    But today American students are falling far behind those in other nations. One discouraging sign came in early December, with the release of 2015 test scores for the Program for International Student Assessment, or PISA, an exam given every three years to compare the performance of 15-year-olds around the world in math, science and reading. American students dropped from 28th place in math in 2012 to 35th place in 2015, among the 60 nations where students took the PISA test in both years. In 2015, among 73 nations where the test was administered to 540,000 students, American students dropped to 40th place in math, and placed 25th in science and 24th in reading.

    One major reason is that government at every level in the United States have reduced funding on education. Of 50 states, 35 provided less overall state funding per student in public schools from kindergarten through 12th grade in 2014 than they did in 2008. In 27 states, local funding per student fell at the same time. These cuts do great harm to students by forcing schools to increase class sizes, keep teacher pay low, reduce the number of electives(选修课) offered, cut back on purchases of education technology and fail to maintain the school buildings.

    Allowing this alarming trend to continue by starving public schools, colleges and universities of the money they need to offer the world –class education will have long—term consequences as well. These include a weakened economy, higher unemployment, and, most importantly, a lower American standard of living and reduced national security. This won’t come next month or next year, but it awaits us in the years ahead if our leaders fail act soon to reverse the education funding cuts of recent years.

    32. The writer implies in the first paragraph that        .

    A. the U.S.A became the center of the world after WW

    B. many Americans became wealthy because of the fuel

    C. the U.S.A has reached new heights in terms of education

    D. a person’s education level is closely related to his income

    33. How does the writer support his view in the second paragraph?

    A. By assuming results.         B. By asking questions.

    C. By quoting the saying.       D. By listing the statistics.

    34. How many states provided more overall state funding per student in public schools in 2014 than they did in 2008?

    A. About 15.    B. About 20.     C. About 25.    D. About 35.

    35. Which of the following is NOT the long-term consequence of funding cuts on education?

    A. Bigger class sizes.         B. A weakened economy.

    C. Higher unemployment.     D. Reduced national security.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:教育类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:6 入库时间:2017-04-07
    来源: 河南省驻马店第三高级中学2016-2017学年高一上学期期末考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Knowing the best way to study will help you to be a best student. By using your time properly, you can do your homework more quickly. Learning to study is not difficult.

        The first thing to remember is that you must be willing to learn. It doesn’t mean that you must always like the subject. It does mean, however, that you must be willing to do whatever is necessary to learn. Try to understand why it is important and how it will help you now and later to do and learn other things. Knowing mathematics facts will be useful in your whole life. Knowing how to spell makes any kind of writing easier. Sometimes, the subject that you think is going to be uninteresting will be exciting when you begin to work at it and understand it more clearly. Learning things can be fun if you are willing to work with them.

       Here is some advice for you: have a certain time each day and a quiet place with good lighting for study, so that you can concentrate on your study without interruptions; have everything ready before you sit down to study, a dictionary, paper, a pen and books; be sure you understand what you should learn before you start; read carefully and pay special attention to the most important things; when memorizing, first find out the main parts and recite the whole thing, check your homework after you finish it; never forget the importance of review and preview.

       Don’t try to spend a lot of time researching learning methods. There are many students who know many good learning methods but don’t study well. They forget that the most important useful learning method is to study hard.

    28. The main purpose of the article is to ________.

    A. prove that learning is not difficult       B. tell the students how to study well.

    C. tell the importance of self-teaching      D. make parents interested in study

    29. The first thing to remember in study is that you must________

    A. enjoy learning      B. follow the teacher     C. like the subject       D. study hard

    30. The following advice is given in the article EXCEPT__________

    A. to put a pen, paper and books beside you before study.

    B. to pay attention to the most important things.

    C.to review and preview.

    D. to study at any possible time and place.

    31. From the passage, we can conclude that ______.

    A. Study comes first           B. Better late than never  

    C. No pains, no gains          D. Good methods, good results.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:教育类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:17 入库时间:2017-04-05
    来源: 河北省衡水市景县中学2017届高三上学期期中考试英语试卷 Word版含答案.doc

    Teaching is more than leadership. Some of the teacher’s time and effort is directed toward instruction, some toward evaluation. But it is the teacher as a group leader who creates an effective organizational structure and good working environment so that instruction and evaluation activities can take place. A group that is totally disorganized, unclear about its goals, or constantly fighting among its members will not be a good learning group. The leadership pattern includes helping to form and maintain a positive learning environment so that instruction and evaluation activities can take place.

    On the first day of class, the teacher faces a room filled with individuals. Perhaps a few closely united groups and friendships already exist. But there is no sense of group unity, no set of rules for conduct in the group, no feeling of belonging. If teachers are successful leaders, they will help students develop a system of relationships that encourages working together.

    Standards and rules must be set to keep order, make sure of justice and protect individual rights, but do not contradict school policy. What happens when one student hurts another’s individual rights? Without clear regulations agreeable to the students and teachers, the classroom can become chaotic. Students may break rules they did not know existed. If standards are set without participation from the class, students may spend a great deal of creative energy in destroying the class environment or finding ways to break rules.

    No matter how skillful the teacher is in uniting students and creating a positive atmosphere, the task is never complete. Regular maintenance is necessary. Conflicts arise. The needs of individual members change. A new kind of learning task requires a new organizational structure. Sometimes outside pressures such as holidays, upcoming tests or sport competitions, or family troubles cause stress in the classroom. One task for the teacher is to recreate a positive environment by helping students deal with conflict, change, and stress.   

    32. The underlined word “maintain” in Para.1 probably means_______.

    A. keep                   B.  build                    C. recreate                D. evaluate

    33. According to the author, the teacher should _______.

    A. free students from outside pressures

    B. set the standards and rules on his own

    C. be responsible for a well-organized class

    D. focus more on instruction and evaluation

    34. From the passage we can learn that ______.

    A. rules cannot be changed once they’re formed

    B. outside pressures can not cause tension among students

    C. if the teacher well unites his students, he then will finish his task

    D. if rules are not acceptable both to students and teachers, the classroom can be a mess
    35. What is the author’s main purpose of writing the passage?

    A. To provide information for teaching.*% ziyuanku.com

    B. To show the importance of teaching a class.

    C. To study the teacher’s behavior in the classroom.

    D. To compare the teacher’s behavior with the students’ in class.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:教育类阅读