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  • 难度: 使用次数:152 入库时间:2020-10-14
    来源: 2020年高三三月份第一次英语周测卷含答案解析.doc

    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选

    After entering high school, you must wonder how to study well. Here are some good skills for you.

    Go to class. If you want to do well at school, going to class is the first step in studying well. If you miss classes, you will miss what the teacher thinks is important. As a result, you'll miss what is the most likely to end up on the test.①__________.

    Take good notes. Try not to write down everything. ②__________. Write down unfamiliar terms. After class, review your notes as soon as possible. You can fill in details that you missed and review the material while it is still fresh on your mind. ③__________. If you are struggling in class, talk to your teacher. He or she may be able to give you more help before or after class. Most teachers have little sympathy(同情)for students who just become worried about failing during the last few weeks of the grading period.

    Take part in class discussions. ④__________. Asking questions and having eye contact with your teachers and classmates can increase your participation(参与)and your focus during the class discussion. If the material is difficult, you'd better read it before class. This helps you make your point clear in class.

    Form study group. Get students together who want to do well in class. Make sure that everyone is familiar with the material because you do not want to spend time re-teaching material to people who do not understand it. ⑤__________. Sometimes group sessions(上课时间)can become chatting sessions.

    A. But be careful!

    B. Don't be late for your class.

    C. Talk to your teacher if you need help.

    D. You should write down all the new terms.

    E. So if you want to study well, go to every class.

    F. All you need is to put down the main points in your own words.

    G. In order to learn more in class, it is helpful to take part in class discussions.

     
    题型:阅读理解  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:108 入库时间:2020-09-19
    来源: 2021高考一轮复习英语通用考点二十三七选五练习题含答案解析.doc

    限时6分钟

    (2019·北京高考)Much of the work in today's world is accomplished (完成) in teams. Most people believe the best way to build a great team is to gather a group of the most talented individuals. __1__ Companies spend millions hiring top business people. Is their money well spent?

    __2__ They focused on football, basketball and baseball. The results are mixed. For football and basketball, adding talented players to a team proves a good method, but only up to the point where 70% of the players are top talentabove that level, the team's performance begins to decline. Interestingly, this trend isn't evident in baseball, where additional individual talent keeps improving the team's performance.

    To explain this phenomenon, the researchers explored the degree to which a good performance by a team requires its members to coordinate (协调) their actions. __3__ In baseball, the performance of individual players is less dependent on teammates. They conclude that when task interdependence is high, team performance will suffer when there is too much talent, while individual talent will have positive effects on team performance when task interdependence is lower. If a basketball star is, for example, trying to gain a high personal point total, he may take a shot himself when it would be better to pass the ball to a teammate, affecting the team's performance. Young children learning to play  team sports are often told, “There is no I in TEAM.” __4__

    Another possibility is that when there is a lot of talent on a team, some players may make less effort. Just as in a game of tug­of­war (拔河比赛), whenever a person is added, everyone else pulls the rope with less force.

     __5__ An A­team may require a balance—not just A players, but a few generous B players as well.

    AIt's not a simple matter to determine the nature of talent.

    BSports team owners spend millions of dollars attracting top talent.

    CThe group interaction and its effect drew the researchers' attention.

    DStars apparently do not follow this basic principle of sportsmanship.

    ESeveral recent studies examined the role of talent in the sports world.

    FBuilding up a dream team is more complex than simply hiring the best talent.

    GThis task interdependence distinguishes baseball from football and basketball.

     
    题型:阅读理解  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:144 入库时间:2020-08-27
    来源: 江苏省2020届高考考前冲刺英语试卷9含答案.doc

    请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。

    注意:每个空格只填一个单词。

    Problem: On the scale of problems, “pictures of food on the Internet” is firmly first-world. And that is almost certainly a too-generous definition of “problem.” When it comes to photographing and putting your dinner on line, I say live and let live, you know? Maybe your salad was particularly inviting and pleasing that night, and I, too, have spent many an hour clicking “random” on Smitten Kitchen and salivating(流口水).

    But I assume if you’re making the effort to arrange your food artfully and preserve its memory in a digital archive, you must... like food. And want it to taste good. A recent study published in the Journal of Consumer Psychology suggests that spending time focusing on images of food makes the food itself less satisfying.

    Methodology: The researchers assumed that imagining enjoying something might lead to satiation -- the feeling that makes the second piece of cake taste not-quite-as-good as the first. To test this, they had some people participate in two experiments that they were told were separate -- one in which they rated how appetizing different photos of food looked, and one in which they ate some peanuts and rated how much they enjoyed them.

    A separate group of people did the same experiment again, but in the photo-rating portion, some were asked to rate how appetizing the food was or to choose a preference between two foods, and some were asked to rate the brightness of the photo itself.

    Results: The more photos of food people looked at, the less they enjoyed the peanuts -- if they were looking at photos of salty food. People who looked carefully at images of sweets enjoyed the peanuts more, suggesting that imagination causes satiation only if you’re imagining a similar food. In the second experiment, participants who focused on the brightness of the photos were able to enjoy the peanuts more than those who were thinking about the deliciousness of foods while they looked at the images.

    Implications: You’ll probably enjoy your food more if you don’t take a picture of it, or scroll through images of cookies at work and then eat one when you get home. This also has potential implications for advertisers, who may unknowingly be giving away satiation for free when they show images of chicken wings or whatever in front of us all day long. But luckily the study provides a hint: Try not to think about the food’s taste while you take a photo -- just focus on your composition.

     
    题型:阅读理解  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:187 入库时间:2020-08-26
    来源: 江苏省2020届高考英语考前冲刺英语试卷8含答案.doc

    请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。

    注意:每个空格只填一个单词。

    Talk about happiness

    We should not hesitate too much during the first half of our lives, while we should not regret at what we’ve done during the other half. We should seize every opportunity to find a way out in our lives, for it goes off swiftly. We should say something urgent slowly, something serious clearly, something small humorously and something unsure cautiously. We should never say something that did not happen, something that you cannot do, something that does harm to others, and something that is disgusting. We should tell others our happiness on specific occasions and should not tell anyone our unhappiness. Do not easily say something about others. We should follow our own heart and interest, and fulfill what we should do instead of merely paying lip service and looking forward to the future.

    Everyone is longing for a happy life, but owning wealth does not necessarily mean owning happiness. To truly reach happiness, we need to know how to get on with others. So we need to understand what happiness is really about and achieve what we desire.

    We need to know and understand happiness before we finally get it. A smart man must know to do something good even though it may be small, and not to do something evil even though it may be tiny in the course of socializing. As long as we keep a kind heart and do everything morally and legally, we can live a peaceful life. But if we keep an evil heart and do whatever we want, we are indeed digging a tomb for ourselves. A smart man knows to learn a lesson from his falls, for he knows that every setback is a precious experience leading to happiness in the future. He will not waste his time in criticizing others. Instead, he tends to spend more time seeking his own happiness. He knows to keep a heart of conscience and not to spread others’ mistakes. He also knows to think before he leaps so that he will not feel regretful afterwards. Moreover, he knows to tolerate others, so he can naturally lead a happy life.

    Without happiness, one will feel terribly miserable, for he always insists that he has done the right thing all the time and that others often do wrong to him. He blames every mistake on others or the environment instead of reflecting on himself, which keeps him farther and farther away from happiness. A celebrity once said, “Nobody intends to make mistakes. One makes mistakes because of his ignorance.” Therefore, if someone makes mistakes, we need to care about him, forgive him and enlighten him by setting a good example to him instead of losing temper and hating him. Otherwise, we are also ignorant like him, for we also make a stupid mistake that leads us farther from happiness.

    In order to possess a happy life, we need to know more about others, about the society, about our culture and history. We should be patriotic(爱国的), obey the law and realize our own responsibility, and then we will definitely have a happy life.

    Title

    Talk about happiness

    Wise actions in life

    ● Do things without(71)________and never regret at anything .

    ● Seize every opportunity to do the things we should.

    ● Avoid saying or doing what we are not (72)________ about.

    ● Don’t comment on others easily.

    Things about happiness we should (73) ________ in mind

    ● Getting on well with others is necessary.

    ● Doing good things with a kind heart may make us live (74)________.

    ● Knowing future happiness (75)________ from precious experiences learned from every setback.

    ● Thinking twice before action and tolerating others can (76)________ to a happy life.

    Reasons for lack of happiness

    ● He blames everything wrong on others or the (77)________, not himself.

    ● His (78)________ results in making mistakes, which keeps him farther away from happiness.

    79________on how to

    possess happiness

    ● We should care about the people who make mistakes instead of losing temper and set an example to them.

    ● We should have a rich (80)________ of society, culture, history and others.

    ● We should obey the law and shoulder our own responsibility.

     
    题型:阅读理解  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:127 入库时间:2020-08-25
    来源: 江苏省2020届高考考前冲刺英语试卷7含答案.doc

    请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。

    注意:每个空格只填一个单词。

    Imagine living in a country torn by war. Or maybe you live in a place where there are few jobs and little chance to earn a living. Your family decides to move — not to another town, but to another country. You and your family have become immigrants. People are called immigrants when they move to a foreign country to make their homes.

    People become immigrants for many reasons. The most common one is economic opportunities. Most immigrants are attracted to other countries by the promise of jobs, farmland, or business opportunities.

    Other people become immigrants in order to get away from mistreatment or natural disasters. They are refugees (难民). Some refugees move to avoid wars and political unrest. Others are seeking freedom to express their religious views. Still others are uprooted by disasters, such as terrible flooding or drought.

    Some people have become immigrants against their will. Captured in Africa, shipped to foreign lands and forced to work as slaves, many early African immigrants to North and South America came in chains.

    Except for Native Americans, all people came to the United States from someplace else. For nearly 500 years, immigrants have landed on America’s shores seeking a better life. Throughout American history, immigrants often worked low-paying, dangerous jobs that other people refused to do.

    Immigrants from around the world helped shape American life. Many immigrants absorbed the customs and language common to most Americans. They also brought their own traditions, including music and foods. Over time, many of these traditions have become part of American life.

    The first European immigrants to America hoped to colonize (使成为殖民地) new lands. By the mid-1500s, Spaniards had ventured into Florida, California, and the American Southwest. French immigrants arrived in the early 1600s and built their first colony in Canada. The English also arrived in the early 1600s. They established 13 colonies along America’s Atlantic Coast.

    In the 1700s, England became the major power in colonial North America. But many European immigrants came to live in the English colonies. They included people from Sweden, Holland, Germany, Scotland, and Ireland.

    Immigrants still come to the United States seeking freedom and economic opportunities. Most new immigrants no longer come from Europe. They come mainly from Central and South America, the Caribbean, and Asia.

    Today, the U. S. government limits the number of immigrants into the country each year. People who sneak illegally into the United States are called illegal immigrants, who, if caught, would be sent back to their home countries.

    Key Points

    Detailed Information

    (71)

    Immigrants are those who move to a foreign country to make their homes.

    Reasons

    Most people come for (72) opportunities, such as good jobs, farmlands, or business opportunities.

    Some move to the US to (73) from wars or disasters.

    Some people immigrate in (74) of religious freedom.

    Some people have become immigrants (75) , like many early African immigrants.

    History

    French immigrants (76) Canada in the early 1600s and built their first colony there.

    The English also arrived in the early 1600s and (77) up thirteen colonies along America’s Atlantic Coast.

    In the 1700s, European immigrants came to live in the English colonies, (78) people from Sweden, Holland and etc.

    Today

    (79) from the past, the origins of most new immigrants are mainly Central and South America, the Caribbean, and Asia, instead of Europe.

    The US government sets (80) on the number of immigrants into the country each year. Illegal immigrants, if caught, would be sent back to their home countries.

     
    题型:阅读理解  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:100 入库时间:2020-08-24
    来源: 江苏省2020届高考考前冲刺英语试卷6含答案.doc

    请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。

    注意:每个空格只填一个单词。

    Problem: On the scale of problems, “pictures of food on the Internet” is firmly first-world. And that is almost certainly a too-generous definition of “problem.” When it comes to photographing and putting your dinner on line, I say live and let live, you know? Maybe your salad was particularly inviting and pleasing that night, and I, too, have spent many an hour clicking “random” on Smitten Kitchen and salivating(流口水).

    But I assume if you’re making the effort to arrange your food artfully and preserve its memory in a digital archive, you must... like food. And want it to taste good. A recent study published in the Journal of Consumer Psychology suggests that spending time focusing on images of food makes the food itself less satisfying.

    Methodology: The researchers assumed that imagining enjoying something might lead to satiation -- the feeling that makes the second piece of cake taste not-quite-as-good as the first. To test this, they had some people participate in two experiments that they were told were separate -- one in which they rated how appetizing different photos of food looked, and one in which they ate some peanuts and rated how much they enjoyed them.

    A separate group of people did the same experiment again, but in the photo-rating portion, some were asked to rate how appetizing the food was or to choose a preference between two foods, and some were asked to rate the brightness of the photo itself.

    Results: The more photos of food people looked at, the less they enjoyed the peanuts -- if they were looking at photos of salty food. People who looked carefully at images of sweets enjoyed the peanuts more, suggesting that imagination causes satiation only if you’re imagining a similar food. In the second experiment, participants who focused on the brightness of the photos were able to enjoy the peanuts more than those who were thinking about the deliciousness of foods while they looked at the images.

    Implications: You’ll probably enjoy your food more if you don’t take a picture of it, or scroll through images of cookies at work and then eat one when you get home. This also has potential implications for advertisers, who may unknowingly be giving away satiation for free when they show images of chicken wings or whatever in front of us all day long. But luckily the study provides a hint: Try not to think about the food’s taste while you take a photo -- just focus on your composition.

     
    题型:阅读理解  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:126 入库时间:2020-08-21
    来源: 江苏省2020届高考考前冲刺英语试卷5含答案.doc

    请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。

    注意:每个空格只填一个单词。

    Quiet Virtue: The Conscientious

    The everyday signs of conscientiousness(认真尽责) —being punctual, careful in doing work, self-disciplined, and scrupulous(一丝不苟的) in attending to responsibilities—are typical characteristics of the model organizational citizen, the people who keep things running as they should. They follow the rules, help out, and are concerned about the people they work with. It’s the conscientious worker who helps newcomers or updates people who return after an absence, who gets to work on time and never abuses sick leaves, who always gets things done on deadline.

    Conscientiousness is a key to success in any field. In studies of job performance, outstanding effectiveness for almost all jobs, from semi-skilled labor to sales and management, depends on conscientiousness. It is particularly important for outstanding performance in jobs at the lower levels of an organization: the secretary whose message taking is perfect, the delivery truck driver who is always on time.

    Among sales representatives for a large American car manufacturer, those who were most conscientious had the largest volume of sales. Conscientiousness also offers a buffer(缓冲) against the threat of job loss in today’s constantly changing market, because employees with this quality are among the most valued. For the sales representatives, their level of conscientiousness mattered almost as much as their sales in determining who stayed on.

    There is an air around highly conscientious people that makes them seem even better than they actually are. Their reputation for dependability influences managers’ evaluations of their work, giving them higher evaluations than objective measures of their performance would predict.

    But conscientiousness in the absence of social skills can lead to problems. Since conscientious people demand so much of themselves, they can hold other people to their own standards, and so be overly judgmental when others don’t show the same high levels of model behavior. Factory workers in Great Britain and the United States who were extremely conscientious, for example, tended to criticize co-workers even about failures that seemed unimportant to those they criticized, which damaged their relationships.

    When conscientiousness takes the form of living up to expectations, it can discourage creativity. In creative professions like art or advertising, openness to wild ideas and spontaneity(自发性) are scarce and in demand. Success in such occupations calls for a balance, however; without enough conscientiousness to follow through, people become mere dreamers, with nothing to show for their imaginativeness.

     
    题型:阅读理解  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:122 入库时间:2020-08-20
    来源: 江苏省2020届高考考前冲刺英语试卷4含答案.doc

    请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。

    注意:每个空格只填一个单词。

    Problem: On the scale of problems, “pictures of food on the Internet” is firmly first-world. And that is almost certainly a too-generous definition of “problem.” When it comes to photographing and putting your dinner on line, I say live and let live, you know? Maybe your salad was particularly inviting and pleasing that night, and I, too, have spent many an hour clicking “random” on Smitten Kitchen and salivating(流口水).

    But I assume if you’re making the effort to arrange your food artfully and preserve its memory in a digital archive, you must... like food. And want it to taste good. A recent study published in the Journal of Consumer Psychology suggests that spending time focusing on images of food makes the food itself less satisfying.

    Methodology: The researchers assumed that imagining enjoying something might lead to satiation -- the feeling that makes the second piece of cake taste not-quite-as-good as the first. To test this, they had some people participate in two experiments that they were told were separate -- one in which they rated how appetizing different photos of food looked, and one in which they ate some peanuts and rated how much they enjoyed them.

    A separate group of people did the same experiment again, but in the photo-rating portion, some were asked to rate how appetizing the food was or to choose a preference between two foods, and some were asked to rate the brightness of the photo itself.

    Results: The more photos of food people looked at, the less they enjoyed the peanuts -- if they were looking at photos of salty food. People who looked carefully at images of sweets enjoyed the peanuts more, suggesting that imagination causes satiation only if you’re imagining a similar food. In the second experiment, participants who focused on the brightness of the photos were able to enjoy the peanuts more than those who were thinking about the deliciousness of foods while they looked at the images.

    Implications: You’ll probably enjoy your food more if you don’t take a picture of it, or scroll through images of cookies at work and then eat one when you get home. This also has potential implications for advertisers, who may unknowingly be giving away satiation for free when they show images of chicken wings or whatever in front of us all day long. But luckily the study provides a hint: Try not to think about the food’s taste while you take a photo -- just focus on your composition.

     
    题型:阅读理解  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:159 入库时间:2020-08-19
    来源: 江苏省2020届高考考前冲刺英语试卷3含答案.doc

    请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。

    注意:每个空格只填一个单词。

    WARNING: Holding a cellphone against your ear or storing it in your pocket may be dangerous to your health.

    This paraphrases (解释) a warning that cellphone manufacturers include in the small print that is often taken for granted when a new phone is purchased. Apple, for example, doesn’t want iPhones to come closer to you than 1.5 centimeters. Research In Motion, BlackBerry’s manufacturer, recommends 2.5 centimeters.

    If health issues arise from cellphone use, the results are serious. Voice calls—Americans chat on cellphones 2.26 trillion minutes annually—bring in $109 billion for the wireless carriers.

    Devra Davis, who has worked for the University of Pittsburgh, has published a book about cellphone radiation, “Disconnect.” The book surveys scientific research and concludes the question is not settled.

    Brain cancer is a concern that Ms. Davis examines. Over all, there has not been an increase in its incidence since cellphones arrived. But the average covers an increase in brain cancer in the 20-to-29 age group and a drop for the older population.

    “Most cancers have multiple causes,” she says, but she points to laboratory research that suggests low-energy radiation could damage cells that could possibly lead to cancer.

    Children are more vulnerable (易受伤害的) to radiation than adults, Ms. Davis and other scientists point out. Radiation that enters the brain of an adult only five centimeters will reach much deeper into the brains of children because their skulls are thinner and their brains contain more absorptive fluid. No studies have yet been completed on cellphone radiation and children, she says.

    Henry Lai, a research professor in the bioengineering department at the University of Washington, began laboratory radiation studies in 1980 and found that rats exposed to radiofrequency radiation had damaged DNA in their brains.

    Ms. Davis recommends using wired headsets or the phone’s speaker. Children should send text message rather than call, she said, and pregnant women should keep phones away from the abdomen (腹部).

    Topic

    Keep a certain (71)     from cellphones.

    Several (72)_____

    A (n)(73)    in brain cancer in the 20-to-29 age group.

    Low-energy radiation could (74)   cells possibly leading to cancer.

    Children are more (75)   to radiation.

    Rats to radiofrequency radiation had damaged DNA in their brains.

    A (n)(76)    in brain cancer in the 20-to-29 age group.

    Low-energy radiation could cells possibly leading to cancer.

    Children are more (77)   to radiation.

    A (n)(78)    in brain cancer in the 20-to-29 age group.

    Low-energy radiation could (79)   cells possibly leading to cancer.

    Children are more (80)   to radiation.

    Conclusion

    People

    Make their warning markings larger.

    Users

    adults

    Using wired headsets or the phone’s speaker.

    Pupils

    Sending text messages instead of calling.

    Pregnant

    women

    Keeping phones away from the abdomen.

     
    题型:阅读理解  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:156 入库时间:2020-08-18
    来源: 江苏省2020届高考考前冲刺英语试卷2含答案.doc

    请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。

    注意:每个空格只填一个单词。

    Did you know that falling down is the leading cause of injury death for Americans aged 65 and older?

    Each year 35 to 40 percent of older adult Americans fall at least once.

    Falling down is not just the result of getting older. Falling can be caused by a variety of circumstances, and many falls can be prevented.

    Here are 4 simple steps you can take to significantly reduce your risk of injury from falling down.

    Improve Your Body Balance with Exercise to Prevent Falling

    ● If you don’t have a regular exercise program, start one. Lack of exercise leads to weakness, and that increases your chances of falling.

    ● Exercises can improve your body balance and flexibility at any age. Try exercises like Yoga and Tai Chi.

    ● If you are over 50 and haven’t exercised regularly, check with your health care provider about the best type of exercise program for you.

    Increase Your Home’s Accessibility and Safety to Reduce Falling Risks

    About half of all falls happen at home. To increase accessibility and make your home safer:

    ● Remove items you might trip over from stairs and places where you walk.

    ● Remove small throw rugs(易滑地垫)or use double-sided tape to keep rugs from slipping.

    ● Have grab bars installed next to your toilet, and install grab bars in your tub or shower.

    ● Improve the lighting in your home.

    ● Make sure all stairways have handrails and sufficient lighting.

    ● Wear shoes that give good support and have thin non-slip soles.

    You might also consider avoiding lightweight slippers ( especially backless styles), which can reduce your feeling of control.

    Prevent Falling : Watch Out for Medication Side Effects

    Age can effect the way some medications work in your body, so if you have been taking any over-the-counter medications for a while, it’s important to tell your health care provider. He or she will be able to tell you if they are still safe for you to take.

    ● Look out for drugs that have side effects including drowsiness(困倦). These side effects can increase your risk of falling. This is especially important with over-the-counter cold and flu medications, which can often increase drowsiness.

    ● And don’t forget herbal remedies(草药). Some remedies increase sleepiness and many react with other types of medication, which could increase your risk of falling down. Be sure to check with your health care provider before trying new medication.

    Want to Prevent Falling? Have Your Vision Checked Regularly

    Vision problems can increase your chances of falling.

    ● You may be wearing the wrong glasses that cause vision problems or limit your vision.

    ● To reduce your risk of falling, have your vision checked by an eye doctor every year for early detection and correction of vision problems. If you can’t see something, it’s harder to avoid it, and this increase your risk of falling.

    How to Reduce Your Risk of Injury from Falling

    (71)  

    Detailed suggestions

    Make your body (72)   with exercise

    ● Try exercise (73)   like Yoga and Ta Chi.

    ● Make clear which is the best type of exercise program for you in advance.

    Increase your home’s accessibility and safety

    ● Remove items that might cause you to (74)  

    ● (75)   items that will support you when needed.

    ● Improve the lighting in and out of your room.

    ● Wear non-slip shoes.

    Be (76)   of medication side effects

    ● Do check with your health care provider to ensure your (77) of taking any over-the-counter medications, and (78)   you have taken them or not .

    Protect your vision carefully

    ● Don’t (79)   the wrong glasses that damage your vision.

    ● Have your vision checked regularly to detect and correct your   (80)   vision problems.

     
    题型:阅读理解  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:150 入库时间:2020-08-17
    来源: 江苏省2020届高考考前冲刺英语试卷1含答案.doc

    请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。

    注意:每个空格只填一个单词。

    Problem: On the scale of problems, “pictures of food on the Internet” is firmly first-world. And that is almost certainly a too-generous definition of “problem.” When it comes to photographing and putting your dinner on line, I say live and let live, you know? Maybe your salad was particularly inviting and pleasing that night, and I, too, have spent many an hour clicking “random” on Smitten Kitchen and salivating(流口水).

    But I assume if you’re making the effort to arrange your food artfully and preserve its memory in a digital archive, you must... like food. And want it to taste good. A recent study published in the Journal of Consumer Psychology suggests that spending time focusing on images of food makes the food itself less satisfying.

    Methodology: The researchers assumed that imagining enjoying something might lead to satiation -- the feeling that makes the second piece of cake taste not-quite-as-good as the first. To test this, they had some people participate in two experiments that they were told were separate -- one in which they rated how appetizing different photos of food looked, and one in which they ate some peanuts and rated how much they enjoyed them.

    A separate group of people did the same experiment again, but in the photo-rating portion, some were asked to rate how appetizing the food was or to choose a preference between two foods, and some were asked to rate the brightness of the photo itself.

    Results: The more photos of food people looked at, the less they enjoyed the peanuts -- if they were looking at photos of salty food. People who looked carefully at images of sweets enjoyed the peanuts more, suggesting that imagination causes satiation only if you’re imagining a similar food. In the second experiment, participants who focused on the brightness of the photos were able to enjoy the peanuts more than those who were thinking about the deliciousness of foods while they looked at the images.

    Implications: You’ll probably enjoy your food more if you don’t take a picture of it, or scroll through images of cookies at work and then eat one when you get home. This also has potential implications for advertisers, who may unknowingly be giving away satiation for free when they show images of chicken wings or whatever in front of us all day long. But luckily the study provides a hint: Try not to think about the food’s taste while you take a photo -- just focus on your composition.

     
    题型:阅读理解  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:123 入库时间:2020-07-24
    来源: 2019年高考天津市英语试题含答案.doc

    阅读短文,按照题目要求用英语回答问题。

    Haze Mabrywho has worked as a school keeper for thirteen yearswalks into the school building every day and empties garbage canswipes down bathrooms and mops wet messes in the hallways.

    Last Fridayafter he arrived at the schoolinstead of finding garbage to clean uphe found almost 800 students lining the hallways with handmade cardsblowing noisemakers and singing a full-throated happy birthday to him. It was his 80th. As he walked the long hallwaysome popped out of lime to hug him. They handed him so many cards that they filled several large boxes. Touched by their enthusiastic expression of affection. Mabry thanked them all. "They're like my children"Mabry said.

    On a regular daystudents at the school sometimes come up to him to say they're not feeling well or other times to tell him about something that happened at break. He knows most of the kids at the schoolbut can't name each one. Some of them make him know them. Like Faithwho often forgets her backpack in the cafeteriaand Lucywho just wants a hug.

    “He won't brag(夸耀)on himselfbut it doesn't matter what he's doing or where he ishe will always stop what he's doing to take care of a child if that child is having a bad day. If a child approaches himhe will pause to give that child his undivided attention. He's the most loved one in this building"said Lori Gilreatha reading teacher.

    Mabry works circles around all the studentscleaning up messes others don't want to touch. He doesn't expect a lot. Mabry said he hadn't planned to do much for his milestone birthdayso he was happy the students had prepared the surprise celebration.

    Over the weekendhe worked through the piles of handmade cards at his house. One card from a student stood out to him. It read: “Mr. Hazeyou are my sunshine.”

    56. What is Mabry's daily work as a school keeper?(no more than 5 words

    57. How did the students celebrate Mabry's birthday?(no more than 15 words

    58. What does the underlined word in Paragraph 2 probably mean?(1 word

    59. Why is Mabry's presence at the school important?(no more than 10 words

    60. Who is the "sunshine” in your lifePlease explain. no more than 20 words

     
    题型:阅读理解  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:140 入库时间:2020-07-23
    来源: 2019年高考江苏省英语试题含答案.doc

    请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。

    注意:请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只填一个单词。

    The Cost of Thinking

    Despite their many differences, all human beings share several defining characteristics. such as large brains and the ability to walk upright on two legs.

    The first unique human characteristic is that humans have extraordinarily large brains compared with other animals. It seems obvious that evolution should select for larger brains. Mammals(哺乳动物)weighing sixty kilograms have an average brain size of 200 cm2. Modern man has a brain averaging 1200-1400 cm2. We are so fond of our high intelligence that we assume that when it comes to brain power, more must be better. Unfortunately, that is not the case.

    The fact is that a huge brain is a huge drainconsumption of energyon the body. I's not easy to carry around, especially when boxed inside a massive skull(倾骨). It's even harder to provides energy. In modern man, the brain accounts for about 2-3%of total body weight but it consumes 25% of the body's energy when the body is at rest. By comparison, the brains of apes(类人猿)require only 8%of rest-time energy. Early humans pad for their large brains in two ways. Firstly, they spent more time in search food. Secondly, their muscles grew smaller and weaker. It's hardly an obvious conclusion that this is a good way to survive. A chimpanzee(黑猩猩) can't win an argument with a modern man, but it can tear the man apart like a rag doll.

    Another unique human characteristic is that we walk upright. Standing up, it's easier to find food or enemies. In addition, their arms that are unnecessary for moving around are freed for other purposes, like throwing stones or signaling. As a result, humans can perform very complex tasks with their hands.

    Yet walking upright has its disadvantage. The bone structure of our ancestors developed for millions of years to support a creature that walked on all fours and has a relatively small head. Adjusting to an upright position was quite a challenge, especially when the bones had to support an extra-large skull. Humankind paid for its broad vision and skillful hands backaches and painful necks.

    We assume that a large brain makes huge advantages. It seems obvious that these have made humankind the most powerful animal on earth. But humans enjoyed all of these advantages for a full 2 million years during which they remained weak and marginal creature. Thus humans who lived a million years ago, despite their big brains and sharp stone tools, lived in constant fear of meat-eating animals.

    The Cost of Thinking

    Introduction

    • Large brains for their bodies and the ability to walk upright are two (71)_________ of human beings.

    The (72)_________ of large human brains

    • The larger brains may not be better because of the cost.

    • The big brains make it harder for the body to move around and consume more energy.

    • The animal brain requires less (73)_________ when the body is at rest.

    •   Large human brains consume more food, and weaken muscles.

    The (74)_________ of walking upright

    • Walking upright makes it easy to find food or  (75)_________ against enemies.

    • Freed hands can serve some (76)_________ purpose and perform complex tasks.

    • Walking upright challenges the human bone structure, and  (77)_________ the size of brains.

    • Walking upright results in (78)_________ sufferings.

    Conclusion

    • With a large brain, human beings (79)_________ other beings in terms of intelligence.

    • Weak and marginal, human beings remained (80)_________ of meat-eating animals.

     
    题型:阅读理解  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:157 入库时间:2020-07-13
    来源: 2020年高考天津市英语试题含答案解析.doc

    阅读短文,按照题目要求用英语回答问题。

    As any younger brother will tell you, having a big brother involves a lot of walking in someone else’s shadow, especially when you have a brother who is a typical example of “cool”. For years I wanted to do everything my elder brother Tyson did, but no matter how hard I tried, I was always the neglected (被忽略的) one. My legs just weren’t made to run like his. I could never play football or basketball well.

    I probably would have continued trying to keep up with him for the rest of my high school career but when my family moved, everything changed. Tyson left for college, so I had to start at a new school all by myself. This new start gave me an opportunity to redefine myself and discover an entirely new version of “cool”.

    I don’t know what made me decide to try some new activities at the new school, but one day I chanced to show up for an after-school meeting of the Science Olympiad team. I had always been fascinated with chemistry, biology, and math, but since those interests hadn’t fit Tyson’s definition of “cool”, I had never pursued them. On this day, for some reason, I did.

    As we organized teams, prepared resources and practiced answering questions, I felt more connected than I ever had to any sports team. I didn’t feel as though I needed to keep up with anybody else; I was finally with peers who understood me. It was so good to feel accepted for what I’m good at. For the first time in my life, I actually felt cool. Now I know who I am! I’m Tyson’s little brother, but that’s only part of my identity. I’m a cool guy in my own way, too. I’m relieved to know that “cool” has a much broader definition than what I used to think.

    56. How do you understand the underlined part in Paragraph 1? (no more than 8 words)

    _________________________

    57. What changes offered a new start to the author after his family moved? (no more than 15 words)

    _________________________

    58. According to Paragraph 3, what marked the turning point in the author’s growth? (no more than 7 words)

    _________________________

    59. What does Paragraph 4 mainly talk about? (no more than 10 words)

    _________________________

    60. What is your example of “cool”? Please explain why. (no more than 20 words)

    _________________________

     
    题型:阅读理解  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:178 入库时间:2020-07-13
    来源: 2020年高考新高考卷I山东英语试题含答案解析.doc

    阅读下面材料, 根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段, 使之构成一篇完整的短文。

    The Meredith family lived in a small community. As the economy was in decline, some people in the town had lost their jobs. Many of their families were struggling to make ends meet. People were trying to help each other meet the challenges.

    Mrs. Meredith was a most kind and thoughtful woman. She spent a great deal of time visiting the poor. She knew they had problems, and they needed all kinds of help. When she had time, she would bring food and medicine to them.

    One morning she told her children about a family she had visited the day before. There was a man sick in bed, his wife, who took care of him and could not go out to work, and their little boy. The little boy -his name was Bernard-had interested her very much.

    “I wish you could see him,” she said to her own children, John, Harry, and Clara. “He is such a help to his mother. He wants very much to earn some money, but I don't see what he can do.”

    After their mother left the room, the children sat thinking about Bernard. “I wish we could help him to earn money,” said Clara. “His family is suffering so much.”

    “So do I,” said Harry. “We really should do something to assist them.”

    For some moments, John said nothing, but, suddenly, he sprang to his feet and cried, “I have a great idea! I have a solution that we can all help accomplish(完成).”

    The other children also jumped up all attention. When John had an idea, it was sure to be a good one. “I tell you what we can do,” said John. “You know that big box of corn Uncle John sent us? Well, we can make popcorn(爆米花), and put it into paper bags, and Bernard can take it around to the houses and sell it.”

    注意:

    1. 续写词数应为150左右:

    2. 请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。

        When Mrs. Meredith heard of John's idea, she thought it was a good one, too.

    ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

        With everything ready, Bernard started out on his new business.

    ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

     
    题型:阅读理解  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:164 入库时间:2020-07-13
    来源: 2020年高考江苏省英语试卷含答案解析.doc

    请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。

    注意:请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只填一个单词。

    Humor

    If you see humor as an optional form of entertainment, you’re missing some of its biggest benefits: Humor makes average-looking people look cute and uninteresting people seem entertaining. Studies show that a good sense of humor even makes you seem smarter.

    Best of all, humor raises your energy, and that can have an effect on everything you do at school, at work, or in your personal life. The increase of energy will even make you more willing to exercise, and that will raise your overall energy even more.

    Humor also transports your mind away from your daily troubles. Humor lets you better understand life and sometimes helps you laugh at even the worst of your problems.

    In my experience, most people think they have a sense of humor, and to some degree that’s true. But not all senses of humor are created equal. So I thought it would be useful to include some humor tips for everyday life.

    You don’t have to be the joke teller in the group in order to show your sense of humor. You can be the one who directs the conversation to fun topics that are ripe for others to add humor. Every party needs a straight person. You’ll appear fun and funny by association.

    When it comes to in-person humor, effort counts a lot. When people see you trying to be funny, it frees them to try it themselves. So even if your own efforts at humor fall short, you might be freeing the long kept humor in others. People need permission to be funny in social settings because there’s always a risk that comes with humor. For in-person humor, quality isn’t as important as you might think. Your attitude and effort count a lot.

    Some people--and I was one of them--believe that humorous complaints about the little problems of life make humor, and sometimes that is the case. The problem comes when you start doing too much complaint-based humor. One funny observation about problem in your life can be funny, but five is just complaining, no matter how smart you think you are. Funny complaints can wear people out.

    Self-deprecating(自嘲式) humor is usually the safest type, but here again you don’t want to overshoot the target. One self-deprecating comment is a generous and even confident form of humor. You have to be at least a bit self-assured to laugh at yourself in front of others. But if you do it too often, you can transform in the eyes of others from a confident joker to a Chihuahua dog.

    Humor

    Benefits of humor

    Humor is form of ____71____. Humor can improve one’s___72___ and personality.

    Humor can make one ____73____ in his work, study, and life.

    Humor has a positive____74____ effect when we are in difficulties.

    ____75____to follow

    ____76____ others for a conversation of fun is as good as telling a joke yourself when showing your sense of humor.

    Quality counts ____77____ than attitude and effort-even stupid joke can ____78____ others of risk and embarrassment.

    Traps to ___79___

    One humorous complaint makes funny person. But too many complaints will _____80_____ your audience.

    Self-deprecating comments show one’s assurance. But too much deprecation will make a Chihuahua dog.

     
    题型:阅读理解  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:154 入库时间:2017-09-14
    来源: 江苏省如皋市搬经中学2016-2017学年高一英语综合训练二 Word版含答案.doc

    Anything that poses a challenge or a threat to our well­being is a stress. Some stresses get you going and they are good for youwithout any stress at all many say our lives would be boring and would probably feel pointless. However, when the stresses undermine both our mental and physical health they are bad. Here we shall be focusing on stress that is bad for you.

    Stress is the feeling we have when under pressure, while stressors are the things we respond to in our environment.Examples of stressors are noises, unpleasant people, a speeding car, or even going out on a first date. Generally (but not always), the more stressors we experience, the more stressed we feel.

    When we are stressed the following happens

    Blood pressure rises.

    Breathing becomes more rapid.

    Heart rate (pulse) rises.

    Muscles become tense.

    We do not sleep (heightened state of alertness)

    Most of us have varying interpretations of what stress is about and what matters. Some of us focus on what happens to us, such as breaking a bone or getting a promotion, while others think more about the event itself. How you see that stressful event will be the largest single factor that impacts on your physical and mental health. Your interpretation of events and challenges in life may decide whether they are invigorating or harmful for you.

    There are three broad methods you can follow to treat stress.

    Self help for treating stress

    Exercise has been proven to have a beneficial effect on a person's mental and physical state. For many people exercise is an extremely useful stress buster.

    Alcohol and drugs will not help you manage your stress better. Either stop consuming them completely, or cut down.

    If your consumption of coffee and other drinks which contain caffeine is high, cut down.

    Eat plenty of fruit and vegetables. Make sure you have a healthy and balanced diet.

    Talk to you family, friends, work colleagues and your boss. Express your thoughts and worries.

    Stress management techniques

    Stress management can help you to keep away from the source of stress, change the way you view a stressful event, and lower the impact that stress might have on your body. Stress management therapy will have the objective of pursuing one or more of these approaches.

    Medicines

    Doctors will not usually prescribe medications for coping with stress, unless the patient has an underlying illness, such as depression or some type of anxiety. If that is the case, the doctor is actually treating a mental illness. In such cases, an antidepressant may be prescribed. Bear in mind that there is a risk that all the medication will do is mask the stress, rather than help you deal and cope with it.

    Stress

    Passage outline

    Supporting details

    Understanding of stress

    Stress is pressure or worry (34)________ by the stressors in your life.

    Some stresses (35)_________ you while some others make you suffer.

    (36)________ of stress

    You have (37)________ blood pressure.

    Your heart (38)________ faster.

    You become sleepless.

    Your breath and muscles are abnormal.

    Attitudes towards stress

    You care about what concerns (39)________.

    You pay attention to what is (40)________ around you.

    Above all, how you look at challenges affects your health.

    Ways to deal with stress

    Exercise, a proper diet, communication help to (41)________ your stress while alcohol, drugs and coffee do not.

    Stress management guides you how to (42)________ and reduce stress.

    Medicines can be used to treat a mental illness but cannot solve the problem (43)________.

     
    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:116 入库时间:2017-09-14
    来源: 江苏省如皋市搬经中学2016-2017学年高二英语必修五综合测试 Word版含答案.doc

    How Traffic Affects Our Health

    When talking about traffic problems, we also need to take into consideration the pollution that we are exposed to and the health problems traffic causes. Given below is an in­depth exposition on how traffic affects our health and what we can do to avoid some of these effects to live a longer and healthier life.

    Achesand Pains

    Driving in a slouched(无精打采的) position puts pressure on your back and neck. Back pain is often due to poor posture which can have a negative effect on your health. Your bad posture also puts stress on the joints of your elbows and knees, causing pain and tiredness to these areas of your body.

    When you are driving in traffic, you are constantly shifting between the accelerator and brake (in automatic transmission cars), and clutch, brake, and accelerator (in manual transmission cars). This constant shifting puts pressure and stress on your knees, causing knee­related problems and aches.

    What can you do?

    You can counteract these ill effects and posture problems by sitting upright and having a support for your lower back and neck. Adjust the position of your seat in such a way that you can drive at ease without any discomfort. The backrest of the seat should be straight up, and not pulled down too much.

    Respiratory(呼吸的) Problems

    Exposure to heavy traffic implies exposure to poisonous gases that are emitted by vehicles. It is believed that the transportation sector in the US is responsible for a quarter of the country's greenhouse gas emissions.

    Our lungs are like sponges, soaking in everything that is breathed in by our respiratory system. The smoke coming out of the tailpipes of vehicles presents a serious threat to human health. Prolonged exposure to traffic emissions can cause various respiratory diseases including lung cancer.

    What can you do?

    There are ways to avoid breathing in polluted air. If you can, avoid driving in parts of your town with heavy traffic congestion. However, if you find yourself driving through such areas, roll up your car windows to minimize exposure to harmful gases. If you plan to go out for a walk or run, do it in a place where you get loads of fresh air. Eat foods that are rich in antioxidants(抗氧化剂), and exercise regularly so that your immune system is strong enough to fight off potential threats to your health.

    Travel and traffic are two things that are absolutely unavoidable, and that is why we should try to be as comfortable as possible, to be stress­free and illness­free!

    Title: How Traffic Affects Our Health

    Passage outline

    Supporting details

    Lead­in

    When it (33)________ to traffic problems, we should pay enough attention to the pollution we are exposed to and the health problems that traffic causes.

    Aches and

     Pains

    Problems

    (34)________ a poor position when you are driving can affect your health badly in several ways such as back, neck, even the joints of your elbows and knees.Shifting posture constantly in the (35)________ of driving will put pressure and stress on your knees, causing aches and pains.

    Solutions

    You can sit upright and have a support for your lower back and neck.You can make (36)________ to the position of your seat.You can (37)________ the backrest of your seat and avoid pulling it down too much.

    Respiratory

    Problems

    Problems

    It is believed that the transportation sector is to (38)________ for a quarter of the greenhouse gas emissions in the US.Our lungs breathe in harmful elements in the smoke from vehicles, damaging our health seriously.Long exposure to dangerous pollutants from vehicles can cause various lung­related diseases, lung cancer (39)________

    Solutions

    You should try to drive through the areas (40)________ from heavy traffic congestion.You must wind up your car windows to keep exposure to harmful pollutants to the (41)________.

    You should choose a place where you get loads of fresh air to take a walk or have a run.

    You must attach (42)________ to your diet and regular exercise to fight off potential threats to your health.

    Conclusion

    We should try to be stress­free and illness­free while driving or traveling.

     
    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:118 入库时间:2017-09-14
    来源: 江苏省如皋市搬经中学2016-2017学年高二英语必修五综合测试 Word版含答案.doc

    How Traffic Affects Our Health

    When talking about traffic problems, we also need to take into consideration the pollution that we are exposed to and the health problems traffic causes. Given below is an in­depth exposition on how traffic affects our health and what we can do to avoid some of these effects to live a longer and healthier life.

    Achesand Pains

    Driving in a slouched(无精打采的) position puts pressure on your back and neck. Back pain is often due to poor posture which can have a negative effect on your health. Your bad posture also puts stress on the joints of your elbows and knees, causing pain and tiredness to these areas of your body.

    When you are driving in traffic, you are constantly shifting between the accelerator and brake (in automatic transmission cars), and clutch, brake, and accelerator (in manual transmission cars). This constant shifting puts pressure and stress on your knees, causing knee­related problems and aches.

    What can you do?

    You can counteract these ill effects and posture problems by sitting upright and having a support for your lower back and neck. Adjust the position of your seat in such a way that you can drive at ease without any discomfort. The backrest of the seat should be straight up, and not pulled down too much.

    Respiratory(呼吸的) Problems

    Exposure to heavy traffic implies exposure to poisonous gases that are emitted by vehicles. It is believed that the transportation sector in the US is responsible for a quarter of the country's greenhouse gas emissions.

    Our lungs are like sponges, soaking in everything that is breathed in by our respiratory system. The smoke coming out of the tailpipes of vehicles presents a serious threat to human health. Prolonged exposure to traffic emissions can cause various respiratory diseases including lung cancer.

    What can you do?

    There are ways to avoid breathing in polluted air. If you can, avoid driving in parts of your town with heavy traffic congestion. However, if you find yourself driving through such areas, roll up your car windows to minimize exposure to harmful gases. If you plan to go out for a walk or run, do it in a place where you get loads of fresh air. Eat foods that are rich in antioxidants(抗氧化剂), and exercise regularly so that your immune system is strong enough to fight off potential threats to your health.

    Travel and traffic are two things that are absolutely unavoidable, and that is why we should try to be as comfortable as possible, to be stress­free and illness­free!

    Title: How Traffic Affects Our Health

    Passage outline

    Supporting details

    Lead­in

    When it (33)________ to traffic problems, we should pay enough attention to the pollution we are exposed to and the health problems that traffic causes.

    Aches and

     Pains

    Problems

    (34)________ a poor position when you are driving can affect your health badly in several ways such as back, neck, even the joints of your elbows and knees.Shifting posture constantly in the (35)________ of driving will put pressure and stress on your knees, causing aches and pains.

    Solutions

    You can sit upright and have a support for your lower back and neck.You can make (36)________ to the position of your seat.You can (37)________ the backrest of your seat and avoid pulling it down too much.

    Respiratory

    Problems

    Problems

    It is believed that the transportation sector is to (38)________ for a quarter of the greenhouse gas emissions in the US.Our lungs breathe in harmful elements in the smoke from vehicles, damaging our health seriously.Long exposure to dangerous pollutants from vehicles can cause various lung­related diseases, lung cancer (39)________

    Solutions

    You should try to drive through the areas (40)________ from heavy traffic congestion.You must wind up your car windows to keep exposure to harmful pollutants to the (41)________.

    You should choose a place where you get loads of fresh air to take a walk or have a run.

    You must attach (42)________ to your diet and regular exercise to fight off potential threats to your health.

    Conclusion

    We should try to be stress­free and illness­free while driving or traveling.

     
    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:191 入库时间:2017-07-06
    来源: 江苏省如东高级中学2017届高三2月摸底考试英语试题 Word版含解析.doc

    What is eco-fashion? Eco-fashion is about making clothes that take into account the environment, the health of consumers and the working conditions of people in the fashion industry. It is a complex phenomenon and the common use of the fashionable terms—‘ecological’ and ‘ethical’. Ecological fashion usually refers to textile (织物) and clothing production processes and the environmental issues surrounding themethical fashion generally relates to the working conditions involved in the producing processes.

    What are the problems with fashion? A closer look at the fashion industry points out many problems that are common practices in the creation of our fashions from the field to the factory. Firstly, the production of textiles pollutes the environment heavily. Cotton-planting uses pesticides; sheep-farming and wool-cleaning contribute to global warming; synthetics-making (人造纤维生产) brings about waste which does harm to our environment. Secondly, every stage of clothing production has a significant effect on the environment. They all use a great deal of energy, and some also involve chemicals which evidently do harm to the surroundings. In addition to this, there is a lot of waste produced in the process, especially in the form of polluted water. Thirdly, growing consumption levels and our shopping habits further worsen the bad effects. We are now buying clothes in increasing quantities without realizing the scale on which it affects natural environment, and we are also quick to throw away clothes that have been worn only a couple of times.

    Then, how to solve the problems? Other industries that design products are ahead of the fashion industry when it comes to choosing sustainable materials, designing for minimum waste, choosing energy efficient manufacturing and creating products for longevity. The fashion industry has been slow to adopt these changes and part of the problem is the very nature of fashion. To a large degree, it is the fashion producers that really have the power and the responsibility to shape our future. There are numerous ways in which these producers can reduce their ecological footprint, from switching to green energy and reducing energy use, through selecting sustainable materials and choosing local suppliersto recycle and minimize waste. On the other hand, as consumers we can all make contributions by selecting environmentally friendly clothing and reducing clothing consumption.

    There is some concern that eco-friendly fashions are just a trend that we will eventually grow tired of but we can make sure that doesn't happen. Now many people are beginning to shop for organic food products because the benefits of eating food free of chemicals are straightforward and immediate. They relate directly to our personal health. In fact, choosing eco-fashion can also contribute to our personal health, though it is mostly done by way of keeping the health of the planet.

    Why choose eco-fashion?

    ___51___ of fashion    Ecological    Textile & clothing production processes;

    Issues related to   ___52___

        Ethical

        Working  ___53___  involved

    Problems with fashion    

    Textile  ___54___

         Cotton-planting: use of pesticides;

    Sheep-farming & wool-cleaning: global warming;

    Synthetics-making:  ___55___ waste

        Clothing production

         Producing a lot of waste;

    Using chemicals;

    ____56____  a great deal of energy

        Consumption levels & shopping habits

         New clothes: bought in increasing quantities

    Old clothes: ___57___  away quickly

    ___58___  to

    problems

    Fashion producers

         Ways to recycle and ___59___ waste:

    Switching to green energy;

    Reducing energy use;

    Selecting sustainable materials;

    Choosing local suppliers

        ____60____

         Selecting environmentally friendly clothing

    Reducing clothing consumption

    Choosing eco-fashion can contribute to our personal health.

     
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