Men have always wondered about the earth they live on and about the ①_____ above them.
When early men looked at the night sky, they asked themselves a lot of questions. They looked at the moon, and wondered what this strange bright object in the sky was. They did not understand why it changed its shape from night to night. They looked at the stars and planets. They also wondered why some of them changed their positions, while others did not.
②他们也思考地球的形状。 Most early people believed the earth was flat.
③In different parts of the world, there were different ideas about the universe. The ancient Greeks were the first people to study the universe more scientifically. In the sixth century BC Pythagoras put forward the idea that the world was round. However, he could not explain why people at the bottom of the world did not fall off.
It was not until the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries that scientists found the answers to some important questions. ④With the help of Galileo’s telescope, people could see the sky more clearly, and find the positions of the stars and planets. Finally in 1665, Isaac Newton explained to the world what gravity (重力) was and people at last understood why they did not fall off the earth.
What questions did early men ask themselves when they looked at the night sky? Write down one of them.
Galileo’s telescope made ________ __________ for people to see the sky more clearly, and to find the positions of the stars and planets.
The Ant and the Grasshopper(蚱蜢)
In a field one summer’s day a Grasshopper was hopping about, chirping and singing to her heart’s content. An Ant passed by, carrying with great effort an ear of corn. He was taking it to his nest.
“Why not come and chat with me,” said the Grasshopper, “instead of carrying and toiling in that way?”
“I am helping to lay up some food for the winter,” said the Ant, “and recommend you to do the same.”
“Why bother about winter?” said the Grasshopper, “We have got plenty of food at present.” But the Ant went on his way and continued the toil.
When a cold, frosty winter day came, the Ant was dragging out some of the corn which he had laid up in the summer time, to dry it. The Grasshopper, half consumed with hunger, begged the Ant to give her a morsel of it to preserver her life. “What were you doing,” said the Ant, “this last summer?” “Oh,” said the Grasshopper, “I was not idle. I kept singing all the summer long.” The Ant said, laughing and shutting up his granary: “Since you could sing all summer, you may dance all winter.”
Winter finds out what summer lays by.
We all need physical exercise. Exercise uses up food we eat and keeps the body energetic. It works your muscles and makes your heart work hard so as to send blood to your muscles. So, exercise makes your heart and muscles strong. Exercise also makes you feel refreshed. If you take regular exercises, you will stay happy and healthy.
Some Western countries, such as the United States, have problems with exercise. In the US, many people lack exercise because it is hard for them. People have to work from dawn till dusk, so they don't have time to take exercise. They work in office buildings sitting in chairs all day long in front of computers. They cannot get much exercise sitting at desk passively.
Some Westerners can get exercise walking from their homes to work. However, the majority of people cannot do this. It is too far from their homes to their offices. They have no choice but to drive to work. In fact, some have to drive one or two hours to their offices. This is unfavorable in two ways. First, these people don't have a chance to exercise because they are sitting in their cars for two to four hours each day. Second, driving is challenging especially in rush hours and calls for too much attention. It makes a person very tired. So, when these people arrive home at night, they don't have the desire to take exercise after work.
Today, many people in the West are overweight, which causes health problems for them. Doctors say exercise can help people both lose weight and improve their health. So many people are trying to get more exercise. But it takes time to change, and when people don't see a difference right away, they will be discouraged and stop exercising.
Westerners 1 Exercise
The 2 that people can get from exercise
●Keep your body 3
●Make you feel good.
●Help you stay healthy and happy if you exercise 4 .
●Help you lose weight and get your health 5 .
One 6 for not getting enough exercise for some westerners
Some people at work are too 7 to exercise.
The difficulty those who drive to work have in exercising
●Some live too 8 away from their workplace so they have to drive to work.
●After driving back at night, they are too 9 so they don’t want to exercise.
The wrong attitude to exercise some people have
Some would 10 heart if they don’t see a difference within a short time.
Traveling abroad during the vacation is the top choice of many Chinese people. But do we have good manners abroad?
On Feb 25 , a report said that a Chinese mother let her child pee (小便) in front of a shop in Tokyo. A journalist came to the mother. Instead of saying sorry, the woman said that her child had peed inside a plastic bag and had not made the floor dirty.
This case has caused a big discussion about Chinese people' s traveling manners again.
In recent years, improper behavior has become a real embarrassment for China as overseas tourism increases. With the improvement of living standards ,more and more Chinese are traveling abroad. But there are still a number of Chinese lacking in (缺乏) a sense of public manners. For this situation , the Chinese government has suggested proper manners. The National Tourism Administration has made a list of tourists' worst behaviors, including littering, line-jumping, taking off shoes and socks in public, speaking loudly and smoking in non-smoking areas.
We are going to improve the inner being of every Chinese citizen. “Traveling manners are a turning point.” said an official. And changes have begun to appear. Most people minded their behaviors during this Spring Festival holiday, according to the National Tourism Administration. They kept their voice down, waited in line and respected local rules.
51. Did the mother say sorry for her child' s behavior?
52. What is the big discussion about?
53. Why did Chinese government suggest proper manners?
54. How many tourists' worst behaviors are listed to the Tourism Administration?
55. What should we do to improve our manners while traveling?
Doctors say anger can be an extremely damaging emotion, unless you learn how to deal with it. They warn that anger can lad to heart disease, stomach problems, headaches, emotional problems and possibly cancer.
Anger is a normal emotion that we all feel from time to time. Some people express anger openly in a calm reasonable way. Some burst with anger, and scream and yell . But others keep their anger inside. They can not or will not express it. This is called repressing anger.
For years many doctors thought that repressing anger was more dangerous to a person's health than expressing it. They said that when a person is angry, the brain releases the same hormones(荷尔蒙) . They speed the heart rate, raise blood pressure, or sugar into the blood, etc. In general the person feels excited and ready to act.
Some doctors say that both repressing and expressing anger can be dangerous. They believe that those who express anger violently may be more likely to develop heart disease, and they believe that those who keep their anger inside may face a greater danger of high blood pressure.
Doctors say the solution is learning how to deal with anger. They say the first step is to admit that you are angry and to recognize the real cause of the anger, then decide if the cause is serious enough to get angry about. If it is, they say, "Do not express your anger while angry. Wait until your anger has cooled down and you are able to express yourself calmly and reasonably."
Doctors say that a good way to deal with anger is to find humor in the situation that has made you angry. They said that laughter is much healthier than anger.
76. What’s the author’s purpose by writing this passage?(No more than 15 words)
77. What’s the meaning of the underlined word “repressing”?(No more than 5 words)
78. According to the passage, what are the two common ways for people to express their anger?(No more than 20 words)
79. Why do doctors warn us no to get angry easily?(No more than 15 words)
80. How can you deal with anger successfully in your daily life?(No more than 20 words)
Most people think that making a film is exciting. In fact, sometimes it is and sometimes it isn’t. Earlier this year, I worked in a new film. It was about a bomb threat on a big British ship. Two hundred people were needed to act as the passengers in the film. I was one of them.
Before we left, we were wanted to bring some warm clothes. These were necessary because the ship was going to spend the whole 16 days sailing in bad weather.
Then the day came and we sailed out of Dover. The boat had on board the film crew, the director, the actors and actresses including Brinksley Meers, who acted the leading role, and us-200 amateur(业余的) extras.
People came for different purposes. Some wanted to meet Brinksley Meers in person. Others were curious to see how a film was made. A housewife with her three children came for free holiday and a bit of adventure.
During the voyage, a lot of people were very seasick. And although the work was very interesting, it was also very hard. We often worked all day on one scene, performing it again and again under the hot lights. In the evenings, there were drinks in the bar, but most people were so tired that they went to bed early. The next day often began at 6:30 in the morning, sometimes with breakfast being filmed.
When the ship finally returned to port, most people had enjoyed the trip, but were also so tired that they at least needed a week’s holiday. Answer the following questions:
71. Which role did the author act in the film?
72. Why the film crew were asked to bring some warm clothes?
73.Who acted the leading role?
74.Why the author said “they at least needed a week’s holiday”?
75.Can you infer author’s purpose of writing this article?
The results of the research, by the name of Longevity Project were released recently, throwing new light on what we can do to live longer. Based on the new information and modern statistics to study participants gathered across eight years, Dr. Howard Friedman exposes the secret to achieving good health and a long life. It was found that worry-free characters, far from being longevity-friendly as traditional wisdom assumed, died younger than the types interpreted as calm and easy-going. There is a connection between happiness and longevity, but the elements of happiness are not unlimited leisure, positivity and absence of stress. In fact, the opposite maybe more contributive. Longevity is far more than genetics, diet, or exercise. It is closely connected with emotions. Staying married happily is the magic key to a long life, especially if you are a woman.
Another factor is our attitude towards health. We assume that modern medical advantages can deliver us from the consequence of our unhealthy act and see no reason to change our careless gestures towards ageing as the years fly by until something, sometimes the terrible disease, wakes us up. But a positive by-product of age blindness is the appetite for work, which remains strong and may even sharpen as we seek ways to keep death in a distance. And the state of being at work --working the hardest-- would appear to enhance the prospect for a longest life.
As for whether economic condition determine how we live and for how long, whose effect on life expectancy is not so evident on current technical level, the study detects some differences in health conditions that at first glance may be caused by the gap that does exercise its influence, but mainly on a person’s self judgment.
On the current stage, one thing can be sure. Various factors work in determining how long we live. Only some of these can be somewhat influenced at a personal level which makes it even more important to know what those facts are, what measure can be taken to extend life expectancy within our power.
(Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN TEN WORDS.)
78. Contrary to the traditional belief, longevity belongs to those who are
79. What is the relationship between working and longevity according to the passage?
80. In health conditions, _____________ rather than ____________ determines how long we live.
81. Why should we find out factors that can be influenced at a personal level?
Today I’d like to give you some idea about how life at an American university or college might be different from the way it is in your country. To be sure, the student body on a U.S. campus is a pretty diverse group of people. First of all, although most students start college at around the age of 18, you will see students in their 30s and 40s and even occasionally in their 60s and 70s. Students on a U.S. campus come from a wide variety of socioeconomic backgrounds. Many students work at least part-time, and some of them work full-time. Some of the students live in dormitories on campus, some have their own apartments usually with other students, and others live at home. Some colleges and universities have students from many different racial and ethnic minorities. Some schools have a fairly large foreign student population. So you can see that one meets all kinds of people on a U.S. college or university campus.
Now that you have some general ideas of differences in the student body population. I’d like to talk a few minutes about what I think an average student is. Foreign students are often surprised at how poorly prepared American students are when they enter a university. Actually, at very selective schools the students are usually very well prepared, but at less selective schools, they may not be as well prepared as students in your country are. Schools in the States simply admit a lot more students than is usual in most other countries. Also, most young American university students have not traveled in other countries and are not very well-versed in international matters. Foreign students usually find them friendly but not very well-informed about their countries or cultures.
What kind of academic experiences will this so-called “average” student have? The average undergraduate student takes five classes a semester and is in class about 15 hours a week. If he or she takes a class that has a laboratory, this will require two or three more hours. Many introductory undergraduate classes are given in large lectures of 100 or more students. However, many of these classes will have small discussion groups of 15 to 20 students that meet once a week. In these smaller groups, a teaching assistant will lead a discussion to help clarify points in the lectures. Other kinds of classes ---- for example, language classes --- will be much smaller so that students can practice language. In general, American professors are informal and friendly with their students, and, as much as possible, they expect and invite participation in the form of discussion. A large amount of reading and other work is often assigned to be done outside class, and students are expected to take full responsibility for completing these assignments and asking questions in class about those areas they don’t understand. As a rule of thumb, students spend two to three hours preparing for each hour they spend in class. American professors often encourage their students to visit them during office hours, especially if the students are having problems in the class. (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN TEN WORDS.)
78. __________, various socioeconomic backgrounds and large foreign student population are the four examples to show how diverse the student body on a U.S. campus is.
79. Why are most American college students found to be poorly-knowledgeable about foreign counties and cultures?
80. Name at least two kinds of classes that students take based on their sizes.
81. What are students responsible for in terms of their assignments？
Sports can help you keep fit and get in touch with nature. However, whether you are in the mountains, in the waves, or on grassland, you should be aware that your sport of choice might have great influence on the environment.
Some sports are resource-hungry. Golf, as you may know, eats up not only large areas of countryside, but also tons of water. Besides, all sorts of chemicals and huge amounts of energy are used to keep its courses in good condition. This causes major environmental problems. For example, in the dry regions of Portugal and Spain, golf is often held responsible for serious water shortage in some local areas.
There are many environment-friendly sports. Power walking is one of them that you could take up today. You don’t need any special equipment except a good pair of shoes; and you don’t have to worry about resources and your purse. Simple and free, power walking can also keep you fit. If you walk regularly, it will be good for your heart and bones. Experts say that 20 minutes of power walking daily can make you feel less anxious, sleep well and have better weight control.
Whatever sport you take up, you can make it greener by using environment-friendly equipment and buying products made from recycled materials. But the final goal should be “green gyms”. They are better replacements for traditional health clubs and modern sports centers. Members of green gyms play sports outdoor, in the countryside or other open spaces. There is no special requirement for you to start your membership. And best of all, it’s free.
(Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN 12 WORDS.)
73. According to the passage, how can we benefit from sports?
74. In order to keep a gold course in good condition, ______________________________are needed.
75. _______________, _______________ and _______________ are the advantages of forming the habit of power walking for 20minutes every day.
76. By writing the article, the author intends to ____________________________________.
Newspapers are the most traditional media. The introduction of the Internet results in a new kind of newspaper. That is called digital newspaper. Unlike the traditional newspapers issued by using print on the paper, digital newspapers publish on the Internet. This kind of newspaper is not only the digital edition of paper newspapers. It contains more technical devices.
Because the Internet creates a special condition, there are four key changes of digital newspapers compared with traditional newspapers. First of all, digital newspapers are not updated day by day. If any news happens, there will be correlative reports on the newspaper websites immediately. The instant update is the most important development of contemporary newspapers caused by the Internet. In addition, it can also include hyperlinks(超链接). It is another advantage of digital newspapers. Readers can access another concerned website through these hyperlinks. It is more convenient for readers to obtain detailed information. Some online newspaper websites have a BBS (Bulletin Board System), databases and other distinctive services. Thus different from traditional newspapers, digital newspapers can exchange information with readers. McAdams(1995) claimed that unlike traditional newspapers, the readers could expect some feedbacks of online newspapers. Another change is electronic newspapers can extend the scope(范围) traditional newspapers could cover. A case in point is there is a website which contains almost 200 newspapers from 55 countries. Anyone, who wants to see some newspapers are not published in his area, can just read them online. Ultimately, there have been some digital newspapers with Multi-media such as visible or audible reports in it. Anyhow, the changes of newspapers are obvious and available. Newspapers are and will be developed to more potential because of the introduction of the Internet.
(Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements with NO MORE THAN 10 WORDS.)
72. What leads to the birth of digital newspapers?
73. The most important advantage of the digital newspaper is _____________________________.
74. The underlined word “ultimately” in the passage probably means _______________________.
75. What are the four key changes of digital newspapers?
With 26 British prime ministers, 58 Nobel prize winners, over 150 Olympic medals and a "notable alumni (校友)" list that reads like a historical hall of fame, the institutions of Oxford and Cambridge – collectively known as Oxbridge – are seen, by many, as the dream alma mater (母校).
However, as admission season dawns, and the October 15 deadline for Oxbridge inches ever closer, many students may wonder what makes the UK's top two institutions so special. Why does Oxbridge symbolize the academic dream for so many? Do the universities deserve the reputation they hold in the minds of so many teenagers, parents and academics?
There is no doubt that both Oxford and Cambridge have a long standing history of academic world. Yet, what is often overlooked is the strong reputation of countless other universities in the UK.
A simple click on Google can tell students that the London School of Economics and Political Sciences, for example, has over 18 Nobel Prize winners and 50 world leaders. University College London attracts students from 150 countries and has exchange and research links with nearly 300 overseas universities. Manchester University has the largest student union of all UK universities and boasts alumni such as Niels Bohr and James Chadwick.
I suddenly realized the Oxbridge effect when I was out in London with friends. I met some new people and was surprised by their reaction when I told them I was going to study at Cambridge. One person even got down on one knee and kissed my hand.
From then on, I told people I was going on a gap year. Although I knew that Oxbridge provides a good education, I had never expected to get such extreme reactions. It was this that made me start to feel uncomfortable about the way that Oxbridge is viewed.
The Cambridge Tab, the university's student newspaper, has argued that what makes Cambridge special is the fact that the students are told that they are unique and superior to the rest, so they believe it.
For students applying now, yes, you will receive a world class education at Oxbridge, but you will find the same at numerous other universities throughout the country. Every time you hear about the brilliance of Oxbridge, consider that just because many believe, it does not have to be so.
78. The examples of the London School of Economics and Political Sciences, University College London and Manchester University serve to illustrate the point that _________________________________in the UK.
79. According to the writer’s own experience, we can find that people ___________________ the students at the Oxbridge.
80. How did the writer avoid over-reaction from people to her admission into Cambridge?
81. According to Cambridge student newspaper, what Cambridge students are viewed by other people?
Many years ago, I was eating (chicken, as I recall) at Kentucky Fried Chicken. I was watching a little child (maybe a couple years old), whose mother (it would seem) was waiting in line to order food. The child walked up to a curtain, pulled it back, and was delighted to find a blank wall, no windows. The child tried to call his mother’s attention to this situation. And the mother said, “Get away from there.”
To me, the child represented all of the people who are curious about the world, who delight in new discoveries. The mother represented the multitudes (众多) of other people, who are not curious, whose minds are no longer alive to that sort of thing. You and I know that curtains and windows go together, but not always. We would not be surprised to find a blank wall behind a curtain. But, we are curious and childlike, aren’t we? We want to know things, things that other people know, and things that no one has ever known.
It was a delight to watch this child. I may have enjoyed the child’s discovery more than the child did. I was saddened to think about the mother. Of course, she may have been a wonderful person, with a wonderful mind. She just may not have been in tune with her child, at that moment. But, I wondered if this child would be stifled (抑制), worn down, like so many, and become an adult without any childlike thoughts. That saddened me.
To my mind, the two golden, childlike properties of a brain are curiosity and creativity. Many adult activities (jobs, hobbies, pastimes) use one or the other of these properties, in particular the sciences (mainly curiosity) and the arts (mainly creativity).
78. Why did the child try to call his mother’s attention?
79. To the writer, the child represented the people who _______________________.
80. What saddened the writer?
81. According to the writer, ___________________ are the golden childlike properties of a brain.
There are good reasons to cherish our friendships. Some years ago a public-opinion research firm, Roper Starch Worldwide, asked 2007 people to name one or two things that said the most about themselves. Friends far outranked homes, jobs, clothes and cars.
“Ironically,” says Brant R. Burleson, professor of communication at Purdue University
in West Lafayette, Ind., “the better friends you are, the more likely you’ll face conflicts.” And the outcome can be what you don’t want—an end to the relationship.
The good news is that most troubled friendships can be mended.
Swallow your pride. It wasn’t easy, but that’s what Denise Moreland of Hickam Air Force Base in Hawaii did when a friendship turned sour. For nearly four months, Moreland, 45, had watched over Nora Huizenga’s two young daughters, who were living with their
father on the base, while Huizenga, 40, completed training as a dental hygienist in Nevada. “I felt honored to be asked to step in,” Moreland says.
“When Huizenga returned at Christmas,” Moreland recalls, “I had so much to tell her, but she never called.”
One daughter had a birthday party, but Moreland wasn’t invited. “I felt like I’d been used,” she says. At first, Moreland swore to avoid Huizenga. Then she decided to swallow her pride and let her friend know how she felt. Huizenga admitted that she’d been so worried about being separated from her family that she’d been blind to what her friend had done to help her. Today she says, “I would never have figured out what happened if Denise hadn’t called me on it.”
When a friend hurts you, your instinct is to protect yourself. But that makes it harder to solve problems, explains William Wilmot, author of Relational Communication. “Most of us are relieved when differences are brought out in the open.”
Apologize when you’re wrong—even if you’ve also been wronged. But over the course of a friendship, even the best people make mistakes. “We don’t think clearly when we’re arguing,” says Michael Lang, a professional mediator (调解人) in Pittsburgh. Instead, says Lang, ask: “What’s going on? This doesn’t make sense.”
See things from your friend’s point of view. Sociologists Rebecca Adams Rosemary and Blieszner interviewed 53 adults who each had many friendships lasting decades. “We were curious how these people managed to sustain strong friendships for so long,” says Blieszner. Tolerance is key, the researchers learned.” It’s surprising how often a dispute results from a simple misunderstanding,” adds psychotherapist Anne Frenkel.
Accept that friendships change. “Friendships change as our needs and lifestyles change,” Wilmot observes.
Making friends can sometimes seem easy, says Yager. The hard part is keeping the connections strong during the natural ups and downs that affect all relationships. Her suggestion: Consider friendship an honor and a gift, and worth the effort to treasure and
【1】Many workplace newbies struggle with the same question: How can they show
their ability without offending their seniors? Human resources(HR) and education professionals suggest graduates work hard while keeping a modest attitude.
【2】Zhang Yu, 23, graduated from the Chinese University of Hong Kong last year.
Having majored in English, she got a job at a Beijing-based translation company. Zhang is the only person in her department who knows how to use translation tools, which allow
her to work much faster than others. She decided not to share her “secret weapon” with
【3】“My colleagues started to ignore me when they found out I was using translation tools to improve my work efficiency”, she says.
【4】Zhang had thought her speed would impress her boss. But as it turned out, the boss was not happy with her performance. “He criticized me for showing off and not working well with my colleagues,” Zhang says.
【5】For rookies the most important virtue is being humble, says Song Ye, an HR professional at Reed Exhibitions. “Even if you’re more talented than the seniors, you need to show a willingness to learn”, Song says.
【6】 “The workplace is a new ‘campus’ for graduates where they learn to cooperate and deal with different people,” he says. “Keeping a low profile and learning to work with
others makes graduates more accessible to colleagues, who in turn can help them blend into the new environment.”
【7】This, however, doesn’t mean workplace newbies should hide their strengths,
says Wang Yimin, a career consultant at Sunward Career Management Consulting Group.
【8】 “Updating the boss on your progress not only demonstrates your ability, but also shows you have initiative and good communication skills,” Wang says.
76. Who is the passage intended for? (no more than 2 words)
77. What is Zhang Yu’s “secret weapon”? (no more than 9 words)
78. Why was the boss not content with Zhang Yu’s performance? (no more than 15 words)
79. How can graduates be more accessible to colleagues? (no more than 12 words)
80. What is the passage mainly talking about? (no more than 16 words)
What will the home of the future look like? A team of architects in Hong Kong say that city homes will be tiny, as populations continue to grow and space becomes more expensive.
They have designed “spaceflats” with just 30 square metres in size as the houses in the following years. These flats have several small rooms; a living room, a bathroom and a bedroom, but everything is carefully planned to make good use of the limited space.
The living room is the main room of the flat. It can be used as an office, a kitchen or even a second bedroom. There is a sofa that can be changed into a bed. The dining table can be changed into a computer desk. And, if not needed, both the sofa-bed and the table can be folded and put away. There is a flat-screen TV, which can also serve as a computer monitor. In one corner of the room, a small cooker, a microwave oven and a mini-refrigerator are hidden out of sight. The other rooms are small but practical. The bathroom contains a toilet and a shower. The double bed in the bedroom can also be transformed into a sofa, if required.
“Spaceflats” are wonderful and they are now being tested in a building in Hong Kong. It is believed that “Spaceflats” will be improved to be our future homes.
1.What will be the title for the passage ?
2. How many rooms does a “spaceflat” have ?
3. List 2 kinds of kitchen equipment in the flat.
4. How can we deal with the sofa-bed and table if we don’t need them ?
5.Why does the writer think the “spaceflats” are wonderful ?
When my friends went to college in great delight, I restarted my senior high school life．My spirit sank．Surrounded by strange classmates, I felt like I was in a maze and was sorry about myself．There were some complex feelings in my minds．I was frightened, nervous and lonely．
To make matters worse, I recalled my failure again and again, which put more pressure on me than I could bear．As a result, I was always feeling down during class time．
My teacher found me spiritless．One day he asked me to come to his office and told me about his attitude towards life: we might suffer from mistakes, but it’s important to learn lessons from them．All the pains and the embarrassing things we experience are part of the process．So keep up your spirit! At last, he added, “If you are optimistic, things you want may happen to you!”
Warmth rushed through my soul．I suddenly found the sun shining again when I stepped out of his office．
With the teacher’s help, I eventually got over my depression．From then on, I no longer bowed my head and began smiling to my classmates．I would put up my hand confidently in class and play with my new friends in my spare time．Meanwhile, I was gradually embraced by my classmates．
Now faced with fierce competition, we all study hard because we know that every second counts．Moreover, there is an atmosphere of mutual trust and respect between us．I love my class; I love my classmates!
To be frank, I still have a thirst for my dream university, but I’m not afraid of failure because I can profit by it．With parents and teachers’ encouragement, I’m quite certain of my success and I’m sure I can fly high．
61. Why was the writer in low spirits at the beginning? （No more than 10 words）
62. What did the teacher expect the writer to do? （No more than 10 words）
63. What is the main idea of Paragraph 5? （No more than 15 words）
64 The underlined word “embraced” in paragraph 5 means ______．（No more than 5 words）_______________________________________________________________________________
65. What does the writer think of failure now? （No more than 10 words）
When Mencius(孟子) was a small child, his father died. His family was poor, but his mother tried to give young Mencius a good learning environment. She moved her family three times to make sure her son loved studying. Finally they moved to a place near a school. He teacher was a learned (博学的) man. Then young Mencius began to like the teacher and liked to read books.
But Mencius didn’t work hard sometimes. One day his mother was weaving cloth (织布) at home. When she saw her son stop studying, she used a pair of scissors (剪刀) to cut the cloth. She told her son that if he didn’t work hard at his lessons, his future would be like the cloth.
From then on Mencius studied hard and later became a great thinker in Chinese history.
56. How was Mencius’s family when he was a small child?
57. Why did Mencius’s mother move three times?
58. Where did Mencius and his mother live at last?
59. What did Mencius’s mother use to cut her cloth?
60. Did Mencius studied hard from then on?
Social media sadness
Are you a social media addict? Are you always checking your smartphone to see how many 'likes' you've received for your latest post? Maybe you feel comforted by the notification sound that someone has sent you a message?
Don't worry, you're not alone. We check our phones an average of 150 times a day, and around 30% of the total time spent online is dedicated to social media. Some experts now fear this habit could be damaging our mental health.
This is something particularly afflicting（使受苦） young adults, according to a study from the University of Pittsburgh. It found the more they used social media, the more likely they are to be depressed. In tests, those people who checked social media frequently were 2.7 times more likely to be depressed compared to those who spent most of their time generally surfing the internet, who had just 1.7 times the risk. The study found that exposure to “highly idealised representations of peers on social media elicits（引出） feelings of envy and the distorted belief that others lead happier, more successful lives.”
Some of us certainly feel sad when we're ignored on social media sites, or when we see someone else having a better time than us. But depression is a more serious condition and clinical psychologist, Abigael San, recently told the BBC that, "It’s a real issue, and it’s been getting significantly worse over the last 5-6 years. You can get so hooked（上瘾的） that it takes you away from your real relationships." However, Abigael does admit that social media is more likely to exacerbate（使恶化） pre-existing（既往病史） issues than directly cause them.
Other research by Glasgow University found that teenagers are affected by the 24-hour demands of their social media accounts. It found that those with higher levels of emotional investment in social media, and who use it at night, were more likely to feel depressed and anxious.
Despite these warning signs, why do some of us continue to keep clicking? Well, I suppose we all want to be liked and we don't want to miss out on a conversation that's taking place online. But we need to know when to switch off our virtual（虚拟的） online world and connect with the real world instead.
36. Young people spend on average 150 days a year looking at social media. Is this true or false, why?
37. What phrase did the study use to mean that we think other people are leading happier lives when in reality, they are not?(no more than 5 words)
38. According to research by Glasgow University, using social media at what time of day makes teenagers even more depressed?(no more than 5 words)
39. How often do teenagers feel the need to be look at social media?(no more than 5 words)
40. What word used in the article means 'people of the same age as you or same social position'?（one word）
Hank Viscardi was born without legs. He had not legs but stumps（残肢）that could be fitter with a kind of special boots. People stared at him with cruel interest. Children laughed at him and called him 'Ape Man'(猿人) because his arms practically dragged on the ground.
Hank went to school like other boys. His grades were good and he needed only eight years to finish his schooling instead of the usual twelve. After graduating from school, he worked his way through college. He swept floors, waited on table, or worked in one of the college offices. During all this busy life, he had been moving around on his stumps. But one day the doctor told him even the stumps were not going to last much longer. He would soon have to use a wheel chair.
Hank felt himself got cold all over. However, the doctor said there was a chance that he could be fitted with artificial legs (假腿). Finally a leg maker was found and the day came when Hank stood up before the mirror. For the first time he saw himself as he has always wanted to be-a full five feet eight inches tall. By this time he was already 26 years old.
Hank had to learn to use his new legs. Again and again he marched the length of the room, and marched back again. There were times when he fell down on the floor, but he pulled himself up and went back to the endless marching. He went out on the street. He climbed stairs and learned to dance. He built a boat and learned to sail it.
When World War II came, he convinced the Red Cross into giving him a job. Although they didn’t agree at first, they were moved by his courage and strong will. He took the regular training. He marched and drilled along with the other soldiers. Few knew that he was legless. This was the true story of Hank Viscardi, a man without legs.
61. Why did children laugh at Hank and call him ‘Ape Man’?(No more than 10 words)
62. How did Hank get around before he was fitted with artificial-legs?(No more than 10 words)
63. What did Hank most desire all the time?(No more than 15 words)
64. What does the underlined word “convinced” in the last Paragraph mean?(only one word)
65. Please explain how are you inspired by Hank?(No more than 20 words)
Happy Leap Day! Leap Day, you ask? Yes, it’s February 29. You may notice this date didn’t appear on the last year’s calendar, or the year before that, or…That’s because Leap Day happens every four years and 2014 is a leap year.A leap year has 366 days instead of the usual 365 days that an ordinary year has.An extra day is added to the calendar in a leap year, and here’s why:
The 365 days of the calendar are meant to match up with the solar year.A solar year is the time it takes the Earth to complete its orbit around the Sun, about one year. But the Earth’s yearly trip around the Sun takes a bit longer than 365 days. The orbit takes 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and 46 seconds, to be exact. That time equals roughly one quarter of a day, so the calendar and the solar year don’t match accurately. After a few years, that extra time in the solar year begins to accumulate. After four years, for example, the four extra quarter days will make the calendar fall behind the solar year by about a day.
According to the Honor Society of Leap Year Day Babies — a club for people born on Leap Day — there are an estimated 4 million people whose birthdays come but every four years.But who wants to wait four years to celebrate his/her birthday? Most celebrate yearly on February 28 or March 1.
There was a time when strict rules prevented women from proposing marriage to their beloved.In most cultures, that’s not the case anymore.In fact, female pioneers who thought this rule was clearly unfair managed to get Leap Year established as an acceptable time for women to to unmarried men.So on February 29, a man could be surprised at an offer he couldn’t refuse.The first documentation of this day of ladies’ choice was in 1288 in Scotland.Officials then decided to pass a law that allowed women to propose marriage to men of their choice in that year.They also made it a law that any man who said no to a proposal in a leap day had to pay a fine.The fine could range from a kiss to payment for a silk dress or a pair of gloves.
55．What is the main idea of the first two paragraphs? ( no more than 10 words)
56．How often does the leap day/leap year happen? ( no more than 4 words)
57．When do people who were born on Leap Day usually celebrate their birthday yearly? ( no more than 10 words)
58．What does the underlined word "They" in the last paragraph refer to? (no more than 2 words)
59．Fill in the blank in the last paragraph with proper words. ( no more than 3 words)