从2007年郭德纲代言“藏秘排油茶” 涉嫌虚假宣传到2010年成龙代言的“霸王洗发水”被曝含有致癌物质的二恶烷，明星代言广告不时出现问题，请你以“名人与广告”（Celebrities and Advertisements）为题写一篇120词左右的短文：
Celebrities and Advertisements
As we know, a lot of companies like to invite celebrities to be their mouthpieces.
Celebrities and advertisements
As we know, a lot of companies like to invite celebrities to be their mouthpieces while making advertisements. On one hand, companies and enterprises can promote their products and make more profits with the help of the influence of celebrities on the public. On the other hand, those invited stars can make a lot of money for themselves. But sometimes they don’t care whether they are telling the truth or not and just make dishonest advertisements which tell lies and mislead consumers. As a result, we waste much money on ineffective products and may even suffer a lot physically and psychologically.
Personally, both companies and celebrities should treasure their social image and be responsible for what they have promised about the products. Meanwhile, government should make laws to prevent dishonest and unethical advertising.
阅读下面短文，根据以下提示：1）汉语提示 2）首字母提示 3）语境提示，在每个空格内填入一个适当的英语单词，并将该词完整的写右边相对应的横线上，所填单词要求意义准确，拼写正确。
The following is the result of a survey on the students’ v 1____________
on their future job preference．_______ seems to be some differences 2____________
_________ boys and girls．The most striking contrast lies in teaching: 3___________
most girls would like to become teachers w ____few boys want 4___________
to do this job．_______（有趣的是）, many boys want to do business 5____________
and still some want to become _______（律师） though only a small 6____________
part of girls s _ interest in these two fields．The second largest 7____________
group of all the __________（受调查） students, expect to be scientists. 8___________
That is, both boys and girls are w to show their ability in 9____________
this field．And the third c for girls is to be translators． 10___________
1．views 2．There 3．between 4．while 5．Interestingly
6．lawyers 7．show 8．surveyed 9．willing 10．choice
Scientists in the United States say plant life has increased on Earth in the past twenty years and that in every area of plant growth the increase is the result of weather conditions.
Eight scientists from across the United States did the study．The space agency NASA and the Department of Energy paid for it．The findings were published in the magazine Science.
The researchers spent one and a half years examining weather satellite information．The information was recorded from 1982 to 1999．That period was one of the warmest on record．Researchers found that rainfall generally increased during that time.
The satellites measured the number of leaves on plants and the amount of sunlight taken in．The scientists used that information to estimate what is called net primary production．This is total amount of carbon stored in land plants.
The scientists report a 6% increase in stored carbon since 1982．They say gains were high in equatorial areas, especially around the Amazon River in South America．The area alone had a 1% increase in the net primary production.
Ramakrishna Nemani of the University of Montana in Missoula headed the study．He says reduced cloud cover led to growth in Amazon area．He also says the lack of clouds allowed more sunlight to get through．More sunlight meant increases in photosynthesis（光合作用）．That is the process by which plants use energy from sunlight to produce the chemicals they need to grow.
Northern Canada, the north-central United States and northern Europe were second in increased plant growth．Ramakrishna Nemani says a rise in temperature helped plants there.
All together, the report says 25% of areas of plant life on Earth experienced increases．But the scientists also note increase in the number of people on Earth and carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere．Ranga Myneni of Boston University in Massachusetts, another study scientist says humans use about half the net primary production on Earth．And he notes that the world population grew by 36% during the period of time studied.
1．Which of the following is in charge of the study?
A．The space agency NASA of the US. B．The Department of Energy of the US.
C．Ramakrishna Nemani in Missoula. D．Ranga Myneni in Massachusetts.
2．What’s the main cause of the plant growth put forward by the study?
A．Growth in population. B．Regional features.
C．Seasonal variation. D．Weather conditions
3．Why do scientists believe that reduced cloud cover has led to the plant growth in the Amazon area?
A．Because plants could take in more sunlight.
B．Because plants could get more rainfall.
C．Because plants could enjoy cooler air.
D．Because plants suffer less from natural disasters.
4．Which of the following descriptions about the years from 1982 to 1999 is TRUE?
A．It was the warmest on record.
B．Rainfall decreased little by little.
C．World population grew by 25%.
D．Stored carbon increased by 6%.
It’s not entirely true that kids learn a second language easily, but it’s still the best time to learn．Babies are basically equipped to hear and distinguish every possible language and dialect, but once they reach 6 months old, they begin to focus on the particular sounds that exist in the languages that they’re exposed to．In this way, kids will naturally and automatically be bilingual（双语的） if they hear multiple languages on a daily basis when they are still babies..
One lady told me of her son who grew up in a very multi-cultural community working at a resort．He would naturally and easily switch from Dutch, to French, to Italian, German and English depending on who he was talking to．Of course that’s an extreme case, but it’s completely possible and easy.
It’ s not true that they will get mixed up by learning multiple languages．They may mix them up purposely simply because certain words or expressions are easier, but they won’t develop any permanent language disabilities．Quite the contrary, bilingual children have been shown to be as much as a year more advanced in learning ability development for 2 and 3 years olds.
Some kids who simply aren’t gifted at learning languages, just as some aren’t gifted at sports or music, will find it difficult to continue schooling in a foreign language．In that case, it may be better not to continue with the foreign language school．Still, it will have been an excellent opportunity for Grade One．Perhaps for Grade Two you could try a bilingual school.
In any case, learning even a small amount of a foreign language, maintaining the ability to hear and pronounce it by listening to music and movies will keep a foundation for later learning．Knowing a second language can be a great benefit for gaining employment.
1．What’s the main idea of the first paragraph?
A．It’s difficult for kids to learn a second language.
B．Kids are able to learn multiple languages.
C．Kids should be exposed to the native language.
D．Kids enjoy all kinds of different dialects.
2．What did the lady tell us about her son?
A．He could speak five kinds of languages.
B．He was learning some different languages.
C．He could talk with many people at the same time.
D．He was working in a multi-community.
3．In which way can learning multiple languages benefit kids according to the text?
A．Mixing up different languages. B．Distinguish different dialects.
C．Developing learning ability. D．Developing language disabilities.
4．What should you do if your kids are not good at learning language?
A．Ask them to turn to sports or music.
B．Encourage them to remain in Grade One.
C．Let them remain in the foreign language school.
D．Send them to a bilingual school later.
Australia is famous for its beautiful beaches．And Australian people love swimming and going to the beach．But it wasn’t always that way.
Different Climate, Different Habits
When Europeans first invaded Australia, the only people here who were good at swimming were the Aboriginal people．The Europeans came from climates where it was too cold to swim．However the warm climate of Australia soon changed their attitude to swimming．At first, only men swam．They swam without any clothes on—there were no women to see them.
By the 1880 and 1890s visiting the beach was very fashionable．People wore everyday street clothes—much more than people wear at the beach today.
In those days people believed they should cover their most body so it would not be seen by the opposite sex．Special bathing costumes were designed for women．This costumes used a lot of cloth and were very heavy when wet, making it difficult to swim.
Laws Made and Laws Changed
The government decided to stop men swimming naked．It passed a law which forbade bathing between 6 am and 7 am．But in 1903, the laws changed; people could swim in the daytime, but they had to wear neck-to-knee costumes.
The Shrinking Costume
As time passed, swimming costumes became smaller and more convenient.
At first men and women were covered from neck to knee．Then arms became bare．Then more of the legs were uncovered．Each new change was regarded by many as shocking and rude and people wrote letters to the newspapers complaining about the new costume．Nowadays some people go to special “nude beaches” to swim naked.
However, most people cover their bodies more than they did ten years ago—not because they think bare skin is shocking—but to protect their skin from the harmful rays of the sun.
1．Which of the following statements about the climate of Australia is TRUE?
A．It made European settlers think differently about swimming.
B．It changed European settlers’ swimming costume.
C．It made European settlers feel much hotter.
D．It made European settlers have to swim naked.
2．What should swimmers do during the late 19th century?
A．They should hide when they meet a person of the opposite sex.
B．They should cover their body to avoid being seen by the opposite sex.
C．They should wear many heavy clothes on beaches.
D．They should wear special wet costumes designed for them.
3．What does the underlined sentence mean?
A．People were surprised by each new change and criticized it.
B．People were amazed by each new change and praise it．
C．Only newspapers were in favor of each new change.
D．Only newspapers thought poorly of each new change.
4．What can we conclude from the last paragraph?
A．People worry about getting skin cancer from too much sun.
B．People protected their swimming costumes from too much sun.
C．People are greatly shocked by the nude beaches.
D．People think it rude to swim with the smaller costumes.
An ancient Egyptian mummy thought to be that of Pharaoh Ramses I（法老一世）has returned home after more than 140 years in North American museums．The body was carried off the plane in Cairo in a box covered in Egypt’s flag.
The Michael Carlos Museum gave it back after tests showed it was probably that of the man who ruled 3,000 years ago．The US museum acquired it three years ago from a Canadian museum, which in turn is thought to have bought it from Egyptian garve robbers in 1860．The mummy was welcomed back home with songs and military band music during a ceremony at the national museum in Cairo.
Zahi Hawass, head of Egypt’s Supreme Council of Antiquities（文物最高委员会）, traveled from the US with the body and said it would be moved next year to the Luxor Museum in southern Egypt．“We are not 100% sure that mummy is that of Ramses I,” said Mr．Hawass．“But we are 100% sure that it is of a king.”
Atlanta’s Michael Carlos Museum acquired the mummy in 1999, but offered to return it after hi-tech scanning equipment indicated it was likely to be that of Ramses I．The museum website said it had been acquired from the Niagara Falls Museum．It is thought a Canadian collector bought the mummy for the Niagara Falls Museum around 1860 from an Egyptian family which had came across a tomb filled with royal mummies at a site near Luxor.
Mr. Hawass praised the handover as “a great, civilized gesture”．And he appealed to other world museums to return Egypt’s antiquities, particularly the Rosetta Stone in the Britain Museum and the Bust of Nefertiti in the Berlin Museum.
1．Where was Ramses mummy kept in just before the handover?
A．the Luxor Museum B．the Michael Carlos Museum
C．the Niagara Falls Museum D．a Canadian Museum
2．Which is the correct order of the following events according to the passage?
a．The mummy returned home.
b．The mummy was kept in the Niagara Falls Museum.
c．Egyptian grave robber sold he mummy.
d．A Canadian collector bought the mummy.
e．The mummy was kept in the Michael Carlos Museum.
A．c-d-e-b-a B．c-b-e-d-a C．a-d-c-b-e D．c-d-b-e-a
3．Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?
A．All the Egypt’s antiquities have returned home after the handover.
B．Niagara Falls Museum is an American museum.
C．Buying the mummy from the Egyptian family was a civilized gesture.
D．Ramses Mummy had been kept in Canada for more than a century.
4．What would be the best title for the passage?
A．The history of Ramses mummy.
B．The handover ceremony of Ramses mummy from Canada.
C．The returning of Ramses mummy to its homeland Egypt.
D．The history of the royal family of Ramses.
On a hot summer day, a soft drink can really take away your thirst．At home, at school, in the park or at the movies—you can find one almost anywhere．
You can see bubbles in these! Of all soft drinks sold, about 75 percent are carbonated．But be careful, carbonated soft drinks have lots of sugar and caffeine．Caffeine is not very good for you in the summer, because it takes water out of your body．And the sugar can make you overweight if you drink too much.
There are different kinds of juice．One kind is made only from fresh fruit．This kind of fruit juice may not taste sweet enough for some people, but it is nutritious．Another kind of fruit juice tastes good but has lots of sugar in it．Many young people buy this kind because the advertisements are good．It is bad for your teeth and bones to drink lots of this.
These kinds of drinks have caffeine and things that make people get excited in them．They are sometimes called “party drinks”．Doctors say that if you drink too much of this kind, you may have a heart attack.
We have lots of different kinds of bottled water, such as mineral water, purified water and distilled（蒸馏的） water．They are clean and easy to drink．But it is best not to drink very cold water．It may make your stomach feel bad.
Most of these have funny names like “Scream” and “G-Vital”．They have lots of vitamins and minerals in them．After you play sports, you may want to drink one of these.
But if you just spend your summer holiday sitting around watching TV, you won’t need them at all!
1．Which of the following is NOT suitable for you to take if you go climbing?
A．Carbonated soft drinks. B．Fruit juice.
C．Bottled water. D．Sports drink.
2．If you have to stay up late, what kind of water may help you?
A．Fruit juice. B．Energy drinks.
C．Bottled water. D．Sports drink.
3．What’s the probable reason for you to drink sports drinks after sport?
A．They have funny names that sound very exciting.
B．They can recover the minerals lost in your sweat.
C．They can effectively get rid of your thirst.
D．They can take away your vitamins and minerals.
4．What’s the main purpose of the author writing this article?
A．To advise us to keep away from unhealthy soft drinks.
B．To teach us some useful ways of keeping healthy.
C．To make advertisements for the soft drink companies.
D．To tell us how to choose a suitable one from different drinks.
It was black in the evening．Jason, a 12-year-old boy didn’t want to go outside．But his mother, Branda, was worried about his father and 1 he go.
That evening the man had to 2 his car, a Buick outside their house in the driveway.
3 enough, the wife hadn’t heard a single 4 for at least one hour. “Go and find him,” she told Jason.
The kid stepped outside in the darkness and called into the shadows “Dad?”
“Jason?” 5 was his father, but his voice sounded 6 ．He spoke slowly, in a strange way.
That evening, when the man had to get 7 the car to fix it, he used a forklift to lift the car． 8 , the man didn’t place the blocks in front of the car’ s front tires to keep it from 9 forward off the forks, which was exactly 10 it did afterwards．
Little Jason saw his dad’s feet 11 out from beneath the car． 12 to take a full breath, Old Jason sank into a sleepy, half-alive 13 ．
“Calm down．It will be OK.” The boy 14 his mother．Now he couldn’t afford to be scared.
He climbed on and started up, the Buick started to come off the ground and 15 in the air.
Minutes later, 911 policemen arrived．Old Jason 16 beneath the car, still breathing.
It wasn’t 17 his dad was loaded into an ambulance that the little boy 18 and sobbed.
Little Jason says one happy change has come out of the 19 : he gets to spend more time with his dad．Old Jason, who hasn’t touched a car 20 the Buick fell on him often spends evenings with his son playing.
1．A．claimed B．demanded C．declared D．announced
2．A．clean B．buy C．fix D．sell
3．A．Strangely B．Interestingly C．Fortunately D．Dangerously
4．A．word B．sentence C．noise D．sound
5．A．He B．This C．There D．It
6．A．usual B．different C．calm D．unhappy
7．A．into B．onto C．beneath D．above
8．A．Somehow B．Anyhow C．Somewhat D．Anyway
9．A．sinking B．rolling C．driving D．running
10．A．what B．how C．why D．when
11．A．bringing B．moving C．sticking D．taking
12．A．Unable B．Unlikely C．Likely D．Able
13．A．environment B．circumstance C．state D．position
14．A．inspired B．comforted C．required D．persuaded
15．A．moved B．drove C．bent D．suspended
16．A．slept B．sat C．stood D．lay
17．A．until B．unless C．when D．while
18．A．broke out B．broke down C．broke up D．broke off
19．A．matter B．affair C．accident D．event
20．A．after B．till C．when D．since
1—20 BCADD BCABA CACBD DABCD
–Do you suppose you could do it without help, Jack?
—______．This is not the first time for me.
A．Not likely. B．Not exactly C．Don’t worry. D．I’m afraid not.
-–How is your trip to Canada?
—Good, but the hotel we stayed in is ______but satisfactory.
A．something B．anything C．nothing D．everything
My sister _____ as a secretary in her company for three years and now she _____ to the manager of the sales department.
A．served; has been promoted B．had served; has been promoted
C．has served; has promoted D．was serving; has promoted
In my opinion, that company, though relatively small, is pleasant _____.
A．dealing with B．dealt with C．to deal with D．to be dealt with
The prices of the apartments downtown were _____ high so we ______ gave up the idea of buying one there and chose to live in the suburb.
A．constantly; approximately B．generously; purposefully
C．extremely; eventually D．frequently; unfortunately
The employees consider their boss unfair and unreasonable because he is not _________ in dealing with company affairs.
A．consistent B．controversial C．confident D．conventional
John was honest _____ his companions and won their faith _____ him.
A．to; for B．with; in C．for; about D．with; of
Was it in 1802 when he discovered his hearing problem _____ Beethoven realized that his future ______ in composing music?
A．that; lay B．when; lay C．which; laid D．that; laid
Joining the firm as a clerk, he got rapid promotion through his diligence and _____ as a manager last year.
A．dropped out B．came back C．ended up D．started off
The girl planned to have dance lessons at the training centre with her friend ______ she would stay for an hour.
A．who B．where C．what D．which
It is illegal for a public official to ask people for money ____ favors to them.
A．in preference to B．in place of
C．in agreement with D．in exchange for
–Bill is warm-hearted and works hard.
—________ his sister Betty．
A．So is B．So does C．Nor does D．It’s the same with
–How can I operate this machine?
—Well, just refer to the _______.
A．explanations B．expressions C．introductions D．instructions
He threw away all the ______ cigarettes, _______ to give up smoking for the sake of his health.
A．remained; determining B．leaving; determined
C．remaining; determined D．left; determining
Mandy, ___ university student from Canada, teaches us ___ history of western art.
A．an; the B．a; the C．the; / D．the; a