高中英语 内蒙古包钢五中2014届高三下学期 课堂测试试卷 试题及答案.doc
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  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2014-10-03
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    Simply, language is what people and animals use to communicate their thoughts, ideas and feelings. Of course, animals communicate with each other differently from humans, and each type of animal communicates differently. For example, a bee uses a dance to tell the rest of the bees in the hive (蜂窝) where there is food, while whales communicate through the use of pleasant-sounding sounds. One could say then, that animals use different languages.

           Like animals, people also use different languages. Each culture has its own words and symbols that are used by people within that culture to communicate with others in the same culture. For example, a person living in Japan will use the Japanese language to communicate with other Japanese. Unlike animals though, some cultures use more than one language. People within these cultures are said to be either bilingual (双语的) or multilingual (多语的). One such place is Canada. It is very likely that a person living in Canada may speak both French and English. Likewise, a person living in Switzerland may speak Italian, German and French.

           Not only do people use different languages to communicate, but languages also have different dialects. A dialect is a difference of a language which uses words and grammar somewhat differently from the standard form of the same language. For example, people who live in Manchester, England speak a dialect that is a little different from people who live in London, England; however, people in both cities speak English.

           There are also some people who don’t use a spoken language at all. These people use their hands to communicate. This type of language is called sign language and is most commonly used by people who are deaf.

           Now that we know how people communicate, we are faced with a question. Are we part of a certain culture because of the language we speak, or do we speak a particular language because we are part of that culture? To put it more simply, is a Chinese person Chinese because he speaks Chinese, or does he speak Chinese because he was born in China? What part does language play in the definition (定义) of culture? 

    1. The examples of bees and whales are used to show ______.

    A. animal languages are simple to learn

    B. people can understand animal languages

    C. different animals use different languages

    D. animals communicate with each other

    2. The main idea of the second paragraph is that ______.

    A. people communicate with those in the same culture

    B. there can be different languages in the same culture

    C. a culture can be expressed in several languages

    D. the symbol of a culture is the language spoken by its people

    3. To judge whether a person speaks a dialect, you can depend on ______.

    A. what words and grammar he uses     

    B. whether he uses sign language

    C. where he lives  

    D. who he communicates with

    4.    What would be the best title for the passage?

    A. The culture of different countries

    B. The language in different cultures

    C. The development of language

    D. The meaning of the language

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2014-10-03
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    The Canada’s Most Interesting Towns Contest is started by Reader’s Digest Association (Canada) and is open to all Canadians. All entries (参赛作品) must be submitted by December 18,2012.

       Entry requirements

       Participants must submit a story in English or in French and one photo that tell why their town is the most interesting town in Canada. The story must not be over 250 words and the photograph must not be over 2MB. The story is a must but the photo is optional. Submission will require your full name and the name of the city you are recommending. You must write clearly which of the following categories you are covering: Best Destination; Greenest; Healthiest; Best Cuisine; Most Community Spirit; Most Artistic.

       Voting

       Submissions will be voted by people entering the contest. During the Voting Period anyone may vote for their favorite submission by clicking the vote button online. Each person may vote for as many submissions as they wish in any given day. The Voting Period begins on September 18, 2012 and ends on December 18,2012. You may vote for your own submission.

      Prize and awards

      At the end of the Voting Period, the top 20 entries will be judged by a group of judges. The entry with the highest score from the judges will be the Grand Prize winner, who will receive a $5,000.00 cheque. And the city featured in the Grand Prize winner’s entry will be awarded a prize as well, a $5,000.00 cheque. The entries with the next seven highest judges’ scores will be the seven Runners Up (亚军) each deserving a $1,000.00 cheque. On January 17,2013 at our Montreal office, the prizes will be awarded to winners.

    5. The Canada’s Most Interesting Towns Contest____.

    A. lasts one month           B. is a writing contest

    C. includes many categories   D. allows anyone to take part

    6. It can be learned that a participant____.

    A. must submit a photograph        B. can vote for his own submission

    C. must write the story in English    D. can only vote for one submission

    7. The total prize money for this contest is worth____.

    A. $6,000.00       B. $11,000.00     C. $12,000.00      D. $17,000.00

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2014-10-03
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    When it comes to success in business and success in life, there are few qualities as important as confidence.

    People naturally have different levels of confidence. Some have a higher level of confidence than others do, but even those whose confidence is lacking can learn to build their level of confidence and reach their most important goals. Increasing self confidence is one of the most common reasons people give for seeking the help of psychologists and other professionals.

    One of the many places where a greater level of confidence is useful is in the workplace. We all know how difficult it can be, for instance, to ask the boss for a raise. This process can be extremely difficult for those who lack confidence in their own abilities. After all, if you are unsure about your own abilities, how will you ever convince your boss that you deserve more money for the work you do?

    Even if you are not asking for that big raise, having plenty of confidence in your abilities is important to success. If you are certain of your abilities, chances are that those around you, whether they are your coworkers, your colleagues or your superiors, will see that confidence, and that will help to assure them that you are the best at what you do.

    Being thought of as the person to go to, and being seen as an expert in your chosen field, is naturally very important to success on the job. If you can make yourself the person people go to for guidance and advice, you will help to protect yourself from the ever present danger of downsizing. After all, if you are a recognized expert at the office, you will be regarded as an indispensable member of the team.

    Having a high level of confidence, after all, does not mean overlooking the places where you could improve. Knowing what you do well and where you need help will help you enjoy increased success and confidence.

    8. What is the passage mainly about?                             

    A. The influence of confidence on one’s life.

    B. The importance of confidence to success.

    C. The difference of people’s confidence.

    D. The judgment on one’s confidence.

    9. Psychologists and other professionals can offer help to those _____.

    A. who think their goals are hard to reach

    B. who expect to give guidance to others

    C. who want to ask the boss for a raise

    D. who dream to be recognized experts

    10. What does the underlined word indispensable in Paragraph 5 probably mean?

    A. important   B. attractive    C. outgoing   D. energetic

    11. What message does the author want to convey in the last paragraph?

    A. To overlook one’s disadvantages.

    B. To make full use of one’s advantages.

    C. To have great confidence in one’s abilities.

    D. To make objective evaluations of one’s abilities.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:人生百味类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:3 入库时间:2014-10-03
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        Many parents try hard to protect their kids from TV and Internet advertising. But how can you protect a child from a large fast-food ad painted on her school locker(衣物柜)? Or a toy ad on the side of his school bus?

        As school budgets get smaller, a growing number of schools in the US are selling advertising space on lockers and buses and in gyms and cafeterias. It is an easy way for schools to make money. And ads may provide relief for parents exhausted by making cash donations to support schools.

        While parents can always turn off the television or the computer, they can’t keep advertising out of schools. This isn’t the first time the issue has come up. For example, a news program for teens has been criticized for including ads in its 12-minute classroom broadcasts. And parents’ groups successfully fought a plan by a company called Bus Radio to put music and ads into school buses.

        But now things are different. Just last month, Los Angeles approved a plan to allow companies to advertise in the district’s schools. Officials say the plan could provide as much as $18 million for the schools.

        In St. Francis, Minn., school recently agreed to cover 10% to 15% of their lockers with ads. Edward Saxton, a teacher in the school, says, “So far, parents are accepting this as a way to bring in needed money. The money pays for programs like arts, sports, and music. Parents don’t like to see programs getting cut. Neither do I. Besides, schools are thinking about the effects on kids all the time.”

        However, Susan Linn, an educational expert, says, “Kids have already seen enough ads on TV, in magazines and on products they use daily. School is no place for advertisements at all.”

        Readers, what about you? Would you rather help run yet another school fundraiser, or expose your child to ads on lockers and buses? Is keeping ads out of schools worth raising taxes, or increasing your own cash support for schools through donations?

    12. Schools allow ads into schools to _____.

    A. reduce parents’ burdens    B. solve their financial problems

    C. offer kids a wide choice of goods

    D. improve their students’ living conditions

    13. Edward Saxton holds the view that _______.

    A. schools choose ads carefully

    B. ads in schools should not be too much

    C. schools should be a place free from ads

    D. in-school ads do no harm to young kids

    14. What does the text mainly talk about?

    A. The bad effects of ads on kids.   B. Efforts to stop in-school advertising.

    C. Whether ads should be allowed in schools.

    D. Whether parents should run fundraisers for schools.

    15. Who are the intended readers of the text?

    A. Parents.  B. Teachers.    C. Educators.   D. Businessmen.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:社会现象类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:3 入库时间:2014-10-03
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    When Glen Kruger picked a small cat from an animal shelter, he did not expect much. Yet right from the start, eight years ago, there was an uncommon connection between him and the small black cat. He       16    her Inky.

         “I grew up on a hundred-acre farm and had only cats  17 playmates,” Kruger,

    The seventy-year-old man says. “My hearing was damaged by the    18     of farm equipment, so I learned to connect with      19      . They react to what they see and what you do. ”

        Inky was a gentle cat,       20      the house with five other cats. But on a January night in 2009, Inky did    21      that would set her apart from    22       cats forever.

        Kruger had gone down to the basement to     23       the wood stove for the night. When he was finished, he     24        to the top of the stairs and reached to turn off the lights. In doing so, he slipped and    25 his back against an old shelf. The heavy shelf came crashing down and sent Kruger down the stairs.

              26     in a pool of blood on the basement floor, Kruger felt     27     going into shock(休克). He shouted for help,       28       his wife, Brenda, was asleep in their bedroom at   the opposite end of the house.  29       Kruger noticed Inky watching from the top of the stairs.

        “Go get Brenda,” Kruger said to Inky.

         Inky 30 to the bedroom door and scratched   31 until Brenda opened it. Then Inky led her to the 32 .Brenda found her husband   33 the stairs and called 911. Kruger was rushed to the hospital. “I spent six months   34   there,” 

    Says Kruger. “Although I became lame, I was blessed.” Since the accident, Inky has   35   left Kruger’s side.

    16. A. gave                 B. chose       C. named              D. remembered

    17. A. like           B. as                    C. except      D. among

    18. A. sound        B.  alarm              C. noise         D. voice

    19. A. animals        B. friends       C. farmers            D. neighbors

    20. A. sharing              B. visiting     C. dividing            D. discovering

    21. A. anything             B. nothing     C. something         D. everything

    22. A. familiar              B. lovely               C. ordinary           D. outstanding

    23. A. shut out             B. shut off    C. shut down      D. shut up

    24. A. marched            B. flew                 C. struggled          D. climbed

    25. A. bent           B. hit                    C. shook               D. pulled

    26. A. Falling       B. Lying        C. Appearing          D. Thinking

    27. A. it                       B. itself                 C. him                  D. himself

    28. A. and                    B. but                   C. or                    D. so

    29. A. Thus                 B. Otherwise         C. Then                D. Rather

    30. A. walked       B. ran                   C. returned         D. withdrew

    31. A. rapidly       B. suddenly           C. madly               D. urgently

    32. A. bedroom            B. basement          C yard                  D. house

    33. A. at the bottom ofB. in the middle of  

    C. at the top of      D. in the front of

    34. A. regretting           B. resting               C. relaxing         D. recovering

    35. A. never                 B. ever                 C. still                  D. already

    题型:完型填空  知识点:日常生活类
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