高中英语 四川省绵阳市2015高考英语阅读理解、完形填空选练试卷 试题及答案.doc
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  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2014-12-17
    来源:

    In 1995, Susan Boyle went to Glasgow to audition(试演) for My Kind of People, a televised talent show popular in the UK. She was immediately rejected. She was nervous during the audition, and felt she didn’t perform well, but her brother said that she was rejected because of her plain looks. Boyle was not discouraged and continued to sing at church and at the karaoke nights in a local pub.

    Boyle suffered a personal loss in 1997, when her father passed away. After his death, Boyle put her big dreams on hold to care for her sick mother Bridget Boyle. The mother and daughter often talked of Susan’s possible fame. Bridget Boyle encouraged her daughter to take part in singing competitions. “She was the one who said I should enter Britain’s Got Talent. We used to watch it together.” susan later told reporters. “She thought I would win.”

    In 1999, Boyle used all of her savings to pay for a professional demo (样本唱片) tape, which she sent to record companies. In 2002, Boyle began taking singing lessons from voice coach Fred O’Neil.

    In 2007, Boyle’s mother passed away at the age of 91. A neighbor reported that when Bridget Boyle died, her daughter “wouldn’t come out for three or four days or answer the door or phone.” she lived alone with her cat, Pebbles. For over a year, she refused to sing. But in August of 2008, O’Neil urged her to try out for Britain’s Got Talent. Convinced that the performance would be an honor to her mother, Boyle auditioned in Glasgow, Scotland. She sang I Dreamed A Dream in the first round of the show, which was aired on 11 April 2009.

    The 47-year-old Scottish woman’s plain looks provided a sharp contrast (对比) to her powerfully beautiful voice. The performance astonished the audience and the judges. Online videos of her performance totaled over 40 million views within a week. Although she failed to win the final of Britain’s Got Talent, Susan Boyle became globally popular. Her first album I Dreamed A Dream has sold over five million copies.

    1. Bridget Boyle’s attitude towards her daughter’s musical talent can be described as______. 

    A. critical     B. doubtful    C. indifferent     D. optimistic

    2. From Para. 4 we learn that Boyle______. 

    A. was slightly discouraged by her voice coach

    B. entered Britain’s Got Talent to prove her ability

    C. decided to give up her singing career

    D. was deeply affected by her mother’s death

    3. Which of the following is TRUE about Susan Boyle?

    A. Her international fame grew rapidly in 2008.

    B. Her audition for My Kind of People failed.

    C. She has never stopped singing since 1995.

    D. She was the winner of Britain’s Got Talent.

    4. In writing this passage, the author mainly intends to______. 

    A. tell us how Boyle’s dream came true

    B. let us know more about Boyle’s personal life

    C. show how Boyle was influenced by her family

    D. explain how to enter and win a talent show

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:人物传记/故事类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2014-12-17
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    Recently there was a major discovery in the scientific researchthe mapping of all DNA in a human gene(基因)is complete. Couple of years ago, this seems an impossible task for scientist to accomplish. All this progress in science leads us to believe that the day, when the human being will be cloned, is not far away. Human cloning has always been a topic of argumentin terms of morality or religion.

    Taking a look at why cloning might be beneficial, among many cases, it is arguable that parents who are known to be at risk of passing a genetic limitation to a child could make use of cloning. If the clone was free of genetic limitations. Then the other clone would be as well. The latter could foe inserted in the woman and allowed to ripen to term. Moreovercloning would enable women, who can’t get pregnant, to have children of their own.

    Cloning humans would also mean that organs could be cloned, so it would be a source of perfect transfer organs. This, surely would be greatly beneficial to millions of unfortunate people around the world that are expected to lose their lives due to failure of single(or more) organ(s.It is also arguable that a ban on cloning may be unlawful and would rob people of the right to reproduce and limit the freedom of scientists.

    Arguments against cloning are also on a perfectly practical side. Primarily, I believe that cloning would step in the normal cycleof life. There would be a large number of same genes., which reduce the chances of improvementand, in turn, development-the fundamental reason how living things naturally adapt to the ever-changing environment. Life processes failing to do so might result in untimely disappearance. Furthermore, cloning would make the uniqueness that each one of us possesses disappea. Thus, leading to creation of genetically engineered groups of people for specific purposes and, chances are, that those individuals would be regarded as “objects” rather than people in the society.

    Scientists haven’t 100 percent. guaranteed that the first cloned will be normal. Thus this could result in introduction of additional limitations in the human “gene-pool”.

    Regarding such arguable topics in “black or white” approach seems very innocent to me personally. We should rather try to look at all “shades: of it. I believe that cloning is only legal if its purpose is for cloning organs, not humans. Then we could regard this as for “saving life” instead of “creating life”. I believe cloning humans is morally and socially unacceptable.

    9.  Which of the following is true according to the passage

        A. Genetic limitation will be beneficial for some women

       B. A large number of genes will prevent us from developing

       C. Prohibition of cloning might limit the freedom of scientists

       D. First cloned humans might be normal according to scientists

    10. What’s the author’s opinion on cloning?

       A. Cloning should be entirely banned

       B. Cloning should be used in creating life

       C. Cloning will take away the right to reproduce

       D. Cloning is acceptable if it is used for cloning organs

    11. Where can you read this article?

       A. In a story book.                   B. In a magazine.   C. In a science fiction D. In a brochure

    12. Which of the following shows the structure of the passage

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2014-12-17
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     “Luck is a matter of preparation meeting opportunity,” said the American talk show host Oprah Winfrey. I’ve never watched her show, but when a self-made billionaire gives life advice it’s probably worth listening to.

    Her point is that blind luck is very rare. You may have to be lucky to find a good job these days but that does not mean you should sit at home waiting for the opportunity to come to you. If you’re a Chinese, you may already be familiar with the tale of a farmer waiting by a tree stump(树桩) for a rabbit to run out and break its neck.

    A book by the UK psychologist Richard Wiseman, called The Luck Factor, argues we can all make ourselves luckier. It’s not about going to a temple to burn some incense() hopes that the gods will give you good fortune; it’s practical advice you can follow each day.

    Wiseman conducted an experiment as part of his studies. First he divided volunteers into two groups; those who said they were lucky in life and those who said they were not. He gave everyone a newspaper and asked them to look through it to count how many photographs it had inside. On average, the unlucky people took about two minutes to count the photographs while the lucky people took just seconds. Why? On the second page of the newspaper, a command, “Stop counting. There are 43 photographs in this newspaper,” was written in big letters. The unlucky people mostly did not spot the message.

    It’s easy to compare this situation to a young person looking for jobs in a local paper. They might search so hard for one type of position that they miss an even better opportunity. People who are “lucky”, in fact, keep an open mind and don’t go through the same routine every day.

    I first came to China in 2002 when it was considered a rather strange thing to do. Like many foreigners, my plan was to teach English for one year. Seven years later, and still here, I’ve had many great opportunities such as writing for newspapers and magazines. I did not dream these would have been possible. I’ve also never been sick, had an accident, got into a fight or had problems with the police. Coincidence? After reading about Professor Wiseman’s studies I think not.

    As Wiseman advises, I usually trust my own judgment. Your friends and parents may give you advice based on rational thinking, but it’s important to consider how you feel about each choice you make. Your feeling acts as a warning for a potential problem.

    Finally, try to turn bad luck into good. Even if you do fall down and break a leg, the time spent at home can be used wisely to study English.

    13. Which of the following proverbs most agrees with the writer’s point?

      A. Make the best of a bad job.

    B. Rome was not built in a day.

    C. All is not gold that glitters.

    D. A good heart conquers ill fortune.

    14. What do you know about Oprah Winfrey?

      A. She became famous through her family background.

    B. She is a British talk show host.

    C. She became successful by her own effort.

    D. She was very lucky and seldom suffered setbacks in her life.

    15. The writer quoted the Chinese tale of a farmer in order to show __________.

      A. man can conquer nature

    B. luck is in your own hand

    C. bad luck can turn into good

    D. you should not sit at home waiting for the opportunity to come to you

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2014-12-17
    来源:

        When she looked ahead, Florence Chadwick saw nothing but a solid wall of fog, Her body was  1  . She had been swimming for nearly sixteen hours.

        Already she was the first woman to   2  the English Channel in both directions. Now, at age 34, her  3  was to become the first woman to swim from Catalina Island to the California coast.

        On the July Fourth morning in 1952, the sea was icy and the fog was so heavy that she could   4   see her support boats. Sharks swam toward her lone figure, only to he  5  away by gun shots. Against the cold sea water, she struggled on -- hour after hour -- while millions watched on national   6  .

        Alongside Florence in one of the boats, her mother and her trainer offered encouragement. They told her it wasn't much farther. But what she could see was  7   .They urged her not to  8   . She never had … until then. With only a half mile to go, she asked to be pulled out.

        Several hours later, she told a reporter, “Look, I'm not  9  myself, but if I could have seen  10   , I might have made it.” It was not tiredness or even the cold water that defeated her. It was the fog. She was  11  to see her goal.

        Two months  12  , she tried again. This time, despite the same   13   fog, she swam with her faith and her goal   14   pictured in. her mind. She knew that somewhere behind that fog was land and this time she   15   it! Florence Chadwick became the first woman to swim the Catalina Channel!

    1.

    A.

    cold

    B.

    numb

    C.

    thin

    D.

    weak

    2.

    A.

    pass

    B.

    dive

    C.

    swim

    D.

    fly

    3.

    A.

    mother

    B.

    record

    C.

    success

    D.

    goal

    4.

    A.

    hardly

    B.

    nearly

    C.

    clearly

    D.

    probably

    5.

    A.

    pulled

    B.

    swept

    C.

    driven

    D.

    cleared

    6.

    A.

    scene

    B.

    television

    C.

    radio

    D.

    race

    7.

    A.

    fog

    B.

    shark

    C.

    boat

    D.

    wall

    8.

    A.

    swim

    B.

    go

    C.

    try

    D.

    quit

    9.

    A.

    blaming

    B.

    excusing

    C.

    crying

    D.

    enjoying

    10.

    A.

    coach

    B.

    fog

    C.

    land

    D.

    California

    11.

    A.

    unhappy

    B.

    unwilling

    C.

    unlucky

    D.

    unable

    12.

    A.

    ago

    B.

    later

    C.

    before

    D.

    long

    13.

    A.

    heavy

    B.

    wet

    C.

    solid

    D.

    cold

    14.

    A.

    heavily

    B.

    easily

    C.

    clearly

    D.

    suddenly

    15.

    A.

    did

    B.

    forgot

    C.

    chose

    D.

    made

    题型:完型填空  知识点:日常生活类