高中英语 四川省绵阳市2015高考英语阅读理解、完形填空选练试卷 试题及答案之二.doc

  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2014-12-17

    In Western culture, 21 was the age at which young people traditionally received a key to their parents’ door, as a symbol of entering adulthood. Now, the age of 21 is a time when people ask themselves: where do I go from here?

    Jiang Fangzhou’s 21 years have been filled with the kind of success most young people wouldn’t dare hope for in a lifetime. She published her first book at the age of nine and has written many more since then. She is regarded as a spokesperson for her generation. However, her hopes and concerns for the future appear decidedly normal.

    She explains that while her fellow students are chiefly concerned with getting a job or buying an apartment, shefrets over how she can excel in her work when having limited experience of the world.

    However, Jiang, now a senior at the School of Journalism and Communication of Tsinghua University, notes that her peers face intense pressure and competition at school. They are expected to excel in their field of study despite limited experience, just as Jiang is expected to shine in the literary world.

    Young people, she says, have been forced to open their eyes to the world around them. Jiang’s world has opened up, too. She’s more at ease with herself at 21, compared with when she began college.

    “My horizon has broadened and I’m more tolerant,” she says. “As a freshman, I was desperate. I stopped people around me and asked: ‘Is there anything in the world still worth hoping for? ‘ But now I don’t do that.”

    Jiang says that she may not pursue writing as her main future career because she wants to try“other lifestyles”—overseas travel and study touring sound particularly inviting to her. But she is concerned that many foreigners have skewed (歪曲的,倾斜的) perceptions about China.

    “A few days ago I overheard a conversation between two foreigners sitting next to me on a flight,” says Jiang. “They were having a heated discussion about the number of beggars in China. And how Chinese always go for ‘petty profits’. In fact, they had been in China for only a week.”

    Jiang believes prejudice is unavoidable, but she also maintains that Chinese and Westerners, for example, share much common ground.

    “We share the same principles, such as honesty and a willingness to help others,” says Jiang. “The differences between peoples are not that huge.”

    1. What does the passage mainly talk about?

    A. Jiang Fangzhou’s novels.         B. Embracing new challenges.

    C. Jiang Fangzhou’s university life.    D. Jiang Fangzhou’s success.

    2. What does the underlined phrase mean?

    A. be patient with     B. be worried about

    C. be content with       D. be indifferent about

    3. Which of the following sentences is true?

    A. Jiang doesn’t have any pressure and competition as the others do.

    B. Jiang’s peers face intense pressure and competition at school.

    C. Jiang wants to be a professional writer in future.

    D. Jiang often asks her friends some questions now.

    4. We can infer from the text that_____. 

    A. there is nothing but prejudice between Chinese and Westerners

    B. Jiang accepts the fact that there are huge differences between peoples

    C. one week is enough to know about a true China.

    D. Jiang disagrees with what the two foreigners said about Chinese

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2014-12-17

    For a long time, a boy wondered why his next-desk-pal was always the first in the class, whereas he could only rank the 21st.

    At home, he asked his mom:“Am I more stupid than other kids? How can I always fall behind? I just can’t come up with an answer.”Mom was aware that her son’s self-respect had been damaged by the ranking system, but she didn’t know what to say to help.

    She tended to say that intelligence differs and that yes, her son’s friend really was the smarter boy. But that would so upset her son. Thank goodness she resisted the temptation to say it.

    Her son and his friend went on to high school that year, but despite trying as hard as he could, her son’s friend still outdid him. But she was proud of her boy for his hard work, sincerely proud. It was around this time that she decided to take him on a trip to the seaside. On the trip, she at last found an answer for him.

    Today her son no longer cares about rankings. He doesn’t have to, for he himself is now the top of the class at the top national university he attends. After university his teachers and peers fully expect him to have a promising career.

    Invited to speak to his old high school, he mentioned a valuable childhood experience. It concerned that holiday his mother had prepared for them:“Once, on a trip to the sea, my mother and I were lying on the beach. She pointed to the sea and said to me: Do you see the seabirds fighting for food out there? When a wave comes near, the little birds rise quickly. The clumsy seagulls are far slower and have to struggle to get away from the wave. But these clumsy birds prove to have the biggest, strongest wings, which allow the bird to travel the furthest. When the season changes, they leave for foreign shores, leaving the little birds behind. Son, I have a feeling that you are one of those seagulls. ”

    56. The story mainly conveys the message that        .

      A. competition between students is good for society

      B. only rankings show intelligence of a child

      C. parents should build up children’s self-respect

      D. children take competition among them to heart

    57. From the 2nd paragraph, we can see that the mother        .

      A. saw the negative effects of the ranking system

      B. decided to help with her son’s homework

      C. knew her son was weak in his study

      D. felt sorry for her son’s bad behavior.

    58. We can infer from the passage that        .

      A. the son knew intelligence didn’t mean anything

      B. the mother was not strong enough to face the truth

      C. the mother was careful to protect her son’s self-respect

      D. the son would forget his rankings soon after leaving high school

    59.Which of the following has the similar meaning with the underlined word“outdid”?

      A. was equal to                          B. did better than

      C. laughed at                            D. worked harder than

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:人物传记/故事类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2014-12-17

    As we get older, most of us worry about grey hair, wrinkles and maintaining a youthful body. But people often don’t realize the voice needs looking after. Here, Mr. Rubin, a voice expert, reveals how to keep your voice youthful.

    Drink more fluid and avoid spicy food

    You need water for the vocal cords(声带) to vibrate(振动) well. The body must be kept hydrated enough to make the vocal cords operate well. Drinking 1.5 liters of water a day at intervals of 15 minutes is very important. Mr. Rubin advises avoiding foods with an annoying effect on the stomach, such as onions, chili, fizzy drinks and chocolate.

    Rest the throat and talk regularly

    The vocal cords can be scared if you use your voice during a bad cough. If you have a case of laryngitis(喉炎) with a cold, you should rest your voice for a day or two, and seek medical advice.

    Simply staying sociable and using your voice is very important. “As older people get less mobile, they can become socially isolated and speak less.”says Mr. Rubin. “The elderly need to communicate with people more. By using the vocal cords, they enable the ageing process to slow down. ”

    Improve your posture

    Good posture is essential to keeping the voice young, so we’d better stand properly. Exercise helps you take deeper breaths as it means there is better airflow through the voice box, producing a stronger tone.

    Sing in the shower

    This is one of the best ways to preserve your voice, as it keeps the larynx muscles strong while the steam lubricates(使润滑) the voice box.“Singing is gymnastics for the voice,”says Mr. Rubin. Joining a choir is one of the best ways to preserve a youthful tone.

    60. Mr. Rubin gives us advice on        .

      A. ways to keep us from aging

      B. ways to keep our voice youthful

      C. ways to talk with other people

      D. prevention of diseases caused by talking too much

    61. Which of the following statements is TRUE in the opinion of Mr. Rubin?

      A. Taking more onions can keep us healthy.

      B .Professional singers’ voices tend to age quickly.

      C. The steam can do great harm to the voice.

      D. We should stand properly to keep our voice youthful.

    62. To protect the voice, the old people should        .

      A. get less mobile                       B. lie in bed more

      C. avoid using the voice                  D. communicate with others more

    63. What can we learn from the text?

      A. Most people have realized the importance of protecting voice.

      B. It’s hard to keep the vocal cords strong through exercise.

      C. Shouting now and then benefits our vocal cords.

      D. Singing in the shower is among the best ways to keep our voice youthful.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:7 入库时间:2014-12-17

    When Edison invented the light bulb, he tried over 2000 experiments __36  he got it to work. A young reporter asked him how it felt to   37   so many times. He said, "I never failed once. I invented the light bulb. It just   38   to be a 2000-step process."

    Rudolph was born prematurely (早产) and her   39   was doubtful. At age 4, she had a high fever,   40   her with a paralyzed leg. At age 9, she removed the metal leg brace she had   41   on and began to walk without it. By 13 she had developed a rhythmic walk, which doctors said was a   42  . For the next few years she   43   one race after another but always came in last. Everyone told her to   44  , but she kept on running. One day she actually won a race. And then another.   45    this little girl, who was told she would never walk again, went on to win three Olympic gold medals.

    When Bell invented the telephone in 1876, President Rutherford said, "That's an 46    invention, but who would ever want to use one of them?" In the 1940s, another young   47   named Carlson took his idea to 20 corporations,   48   some of the biggest in the country. They all turned him down. In 1947 — after seven long years of rejections! - He   49   got a tiny company in New York, the Haloid Company, to   50   the rights to his invention. Haloid became Xerox Corporation we know today.

    Character cannot be   51   in ease and quiet. Only   52   experiences of trial and suffering can the soul be strengthened, vision cleared, ambition inspired and success   53  . You gain strength, experience and confidence by every experience  54    you really stop to look fear in the face.... You must do the thing you cannot do. And remember, the finest steel gets sent through the hottest furnace(熔炉). A   55   is not one who never fails, but one who NEVER QUITS!

    36. A. after                B. before               C. since                D. until

    37. A. win              B. gain             C. fail             D. lose

    38. A. seemed           B. pretended            C. appeared         D. happened

    39. A. survival         B. challenge            C. rescue               D. illness

    40. A. making           B. leaving          C. reaching         D. causing

    41. A. depended     B. supported            C. trusted              D. believed

    42. A. success          B. achievement      C. victory              D. miracle

    43. A. joined           B. attended         C. entered          D. escaped

    44. A. quit         B. hold             C. take             D. refuse

    45. A. Fortunately      B. Immediately      C. Unbelievably    D. Eventually

    46. A. adorable     B. awkward          C. amazing          D. acceptable

    47. A. inventor         B. discoverer           C. director         D. doctor

    48. A. supposing        B. considering          C. regarding            D. including

    49. A. finally          B. willingly            C. primarily            D. casually

    50. A. pay          B. win              C. sell             D. purchase

    51. A. born         B. produced         C. developed            D. gained

    52. A. for              B. through          C. due to               D. across

    53. A. achieved     B. made             C. caused               D. left

    54. A. when         B. where                C. which                D. what

    55. A. challenger       B. loser                C. winner               D. volunteer

    题型:完型填空  知识点:人物传记/故事阅读类