高中英语 华中师大一附中2015—2016学年度第一学期期末检测高二年级英语试题.DOC
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  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2016-10-14
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        Long ago a Native American chief named Shenandoah lived with his tribes(部落) in what is now the state of Virginia. Little is known about Shenandoah, but in some way, the soft sound of his name was given to a river. The Shenandoah River still flows in a deep valley between the Allegheny and Blue Ridge Mountains, just as it did when Chief Shenandoah lived. It is a slow moving river, soft and as beautiful as its name. Some word experts who believe the word “Shenandoah” means “spruce river” because the waters of the river run through great forests of spruce trees(云杉).And this explanation could be correct.

        However, there is an old Native American story which is far more beautiful than that of the experts. Centuries before Europeans came to the New World, there was a great lake of blue water hidden in the mountains of Virginia. For hundreds of years, Native American tribes lived near this lake, feeding on the fish from its clean waters. The Native Americans often climbed up the mountains and camped there during their long hunts for food. In the evenings they sat near their camp and looked down at the beautiful lake.

        On a clear, starry night you could see thousands of stars shining and dancing on the water below. The Native Americans loved this lake, and because they could see the stars in it, they called the lake, “Clear Daughter of the Stars.”In their language, the word for this was “Shenandoah.”

        One day the lake started to disappear. Its water ran out of the valley, through a break in the mountain side. The waters ran on and on until they joined another river known as the Potomac. At last, the lake was gone. In its place was only a river. It is the beautiful Shenandoah River today.

        However, the word Shenandoah becomes well known to people because someone wrote a song about it some years ago.“Shenandoah” is perhaps one of America’s most recognizable folk songs. Some say the song refers to the river. Others say it is about the daughter of Chief Shenandoah. Regardless of what the song is about, "Shenandoah" remains an American classic.“O Shenandoah, I love your daughter, Away you rolling river; O Shenandoah, I love your daughter, Away I'm bound to go, 'Cross the wide Missouri …”

    21. According to the text, “ Shenandoah” may be the following EXCEPT______

       A. “spruce river”                                            B. the Potomac

       C. “Clear Daughter of the Stars”                        D. an American chief’s name

    22. “ Shenandoah” is familiar to Americans mostly because of ______.

       A. pure and refreshing water                          B. a great historical character

       C. an American classic song                              D. the mysterious disappearance of a lake

    23. The most suitable title of the passage is ______.

       A. Shenandoah and Its Native American Roots      B. An American Chief’s Romantic Tale

       C. The Mystery of a Missing Lake                       D. A Beautiful American Song

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2016-10-14
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        Americans love peanut butter. The average child will eat 1,500 peanut butter before he or she graduates high school. But there is a controversy over a new peanut butter. It is called STEEM Peanut Butter. This peanut butter adds a new ingredient: caffeine(咖啡因). Coffee is a popular morning drink because it has caffeine and gives people energy in the morning. Even small amounts of caffeine can be dangerous to children.

        United States Senator(参议员) Charles Schumer says.“Peanut butter, one of the snacks most closely connected with children, might have to be stored in the medicine cupboard rather than in the kitchen cupboard. This will shock the Food and Drug Administration.” Schumer wants the U.S. FDA to investigate. He observed that earlier the FDA prevented plans for a caffeinated chewing gum.

        STEEM, the manufacturer, said, “We are selling the caffeinated peanut butter all over the world. The product provides caffeine in an easily digestible way. Caffeinated foods have been sold in U.S. stores for well over a decade and are in no way a new idea. Customers tell us they want to eat the caffeinated peanut butter so they don’t have to drink as much coffee or energy drinks. The peanut butter is not intended for children.”

        “Peanut butter has been a favorite of children for generations,” Schumer continued: “Parents across the country have to worry about a scene in which their child might unknowingly bite into a peanut butter that contains more caffeine than two cups of coffee.”

        The American Academy of Pediatrics says caffeine in small amounts can help the physical performance of adults. But the academy urges parents not to allow children to take even small amounts of caffeine owing to caffeine’s possible negative effects on a child’s heart and brain development.

    24. There is a controversy over the STEEM Peanut Butter because it contains ______.

       A. fat                     B. peanut                    C. caffeine                  D. nutrition 

    25. Charles Schumer suggests that the new peanut butter should be ______.

       A. kept in the kitchen cupboard                    B. out of children’s reach

       C. manufactured in huge quantities                D. eaten by children for generations

    26. According to STEEM, the new peanut butter is popular with adults because______.

       A. it is a traditional food                               B. it is digested more easily

       C. its production is not banned                            D. they eat it instead of energy drinks

    27. We can guess from the text that the responsibility of the Food and Drug Administration is to______.

       A. introduce new foods and drugs                B. promote the sales of foods and drugs

       C. guarantee the safety of foods and drugs    D. improve the physical performance of adults

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:5 入库时间:2016-10-14
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     China is showing the world its great resolve in the global climate campaign with concrete and self-motivated efforts as well as serious commitment.

    At the opening ceremony of the Paris climate summit, Chinese President Xi Jinping restated China's plan made in June to cut its carbon emissions(排放) per unit of GDP by 60-65 percent from 2005 levels by 2030, and increase non-fossil fuel sources in primary energy consumption to about 20 percent.

     With a large population, China is facing increasing resource limits, severe environmental pollution and a worsening ecosystem, and its citizens are also becoming increasingly aware of environmental problems. Suffering environmental problems and seeing the efforts as important to transforming its economic growth pattern, the country has much at risk if climate change is left unattended.

     Actually, climate change efforts are already included in China's medium- and long-term program of economic and social development, and ecological efforts are the clear characteristics in China's 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020).

     Although it is and will be a developing country for a long time to come, China has been actively involved in the global campaign against climate change, now topping the world in terms of energy conservation and use of new and renewable energies.

     However, China's development rights need to be respected. It is unfair to overstress China's status as one of the world's largest greenhouse gas emitters and regard it as the major part of responsibilities in the global fight against climate change.

        It is worthy of notice that China's emissions of greenhouse gases per person are far lower than those of developed countries, especially the United States, although rapid economic expansion and its population base have made it one of the biggest producers of the gases.

        To show its great resolve, Beijing in September also announced the establishment of an independent South-South cooperation fund of 20 billion RMB to help developing countries affected by global warming.

        While China is eagerly accomplishing its policy commitments, developed countries should stop questioning China's commitment to fighting climate change and pointing fingers, and start shouldering

    their due responsibilities instead.

    28. China is self-motivated to fight against climate change in order to______.

     A. top the world                                           B. transform its economic pattern

     C. solve its population problem                     D. respond to pressure from developed countries

    29. The underlined word “it” in paragraph 7 refers to______.

     A. China               B. the United States           C. economic expansion  D. the population base

    30. It can be inferred from the text that ______.

       A. China will completely use non-fossil fuels by 2030

       B. China will carry out its plan by stopping its development

     C. Chinese emit more greenhouse gases than Americans on average

     D. some developed countries are not taking on their due responsibilities

    31. Which of the following is a sign of China’s self-motivated fight against climate change?

       A. Making it part of China’s 13th Five-Year Plan.  B. Donating money to developing countries.

       C. Using non-renewable energies.               D. Expanding its economy.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2016-10-14
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        The Dupont Circle park in Washington DC is a busy, crowded place. Popular restaurants and businesses around the circle attract many city residents and visitors. But few people know about the old streetcar station below the street. Braulio Agnese is the Managing Director of an organization called Dupont Underground. The group wants to change the old station into a place for the arts."We see everything from site-specific art work, which fills the space in different ways, light and sound or appliances. Or it can be used like a traditional gallery. But also as a curved space, it offers a chance for new kinds of performance. DC has quite a few experimental theater groups that would like to work in an unusual space and do different kinds of production.”

        The system of tunnels was built in the late 1940s. But the streetcars only ran for a short time. They stopped running in the 1960s. Mr. Agnese says the station could become a symbol of how quickly Washington is changing."Changes in the last five or ten years have been tremendous. The restaurant scene is changing, new development, new opportunities. We think there is an opportunity to create something here that helps the city to move forward."

        Dupont Underground is just one example of the trend toward giving a new purpose to unused industrial sites. In New York, builders want to make a forgotten street car garage into a park below the street. And New York already has the popular High Line Park. It was once an old railroad path. The question is -- can Dupont Underground be as successful?

        Bill McLeod is Executive Director of Historic DuPont Circle Main Streets. The group helps small businesses in the DuPont Circle area. Mr. McLeod says the underground will fill a need in the area."I think there is definitely need for art space, or event space, in DuPont. And I think that will be the perfect space to activate because it's very large - it's 75 thousand square feet. Very cool, right?"

        Another organization tried to open a group of eating places in the space 15 years ago. That food court project failed. Mr. McLeod says the group leading the new effort has a better understanding of the project. He says the group knows it will take a lot of time and money and is successfully seeking financial support. Braulio Agnese and his co-workers hope to open the underground station to the public in the next few months.

    32. According to the text, the old streetcar station below The Dupont Circle park in Washington DC ______.

       A. is very suitable for an arts center                    B. was out of use in the 1950s

       C. was busy and crowded                                 D. is an eating place

    33. The author’s attitude to the New York reconstruction mentioned in the third paragraph is ______.

       A. tolerant                    B. doubtful                 C. negative                  D. positive

    34. Which word has its meaning closest to the underlined word in the text?

       A. occupy                      B. start                         C. possess                  D. expand

    35. The text mainly tells us about ______.

       A. the failure of the food court project                 

       B. the increasingly popularity of arts centers

       C. the rebuilding of a deserted industrial site

       D. the present condition of an underground streetcar station

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:15 入库时间:2016-10-14
    来源:

        Some kids love going off to camp in the summer, playing volleyball, swimming, and so on. But I know that some kids absolutely hate it because I was one myself. They hate the cold sea and getting sand in their clothes and they hate being picked last for the volleyball team. 36 It’s especially for those kids who would rather spend time playing computer games than running around getting dirty. But you won’t be playing computer games, this course allows you to design them.

     37  Two top game designers Mike Jones and Mel Wilson from the company Star Games are responsible for making favorites such as Mickey the Monkey and Rainforest Expedition. They will teach you the steps that go into creating a new game, and teach you how to use various computer programs and build some simple games yourself.

     38  You won’t have to sleep in a tent either. Kids on the course will stay at a local hotel, where there is a gym, computers and a great canteen. No cooking on a campfire in the cold!

     39  Last year, the course was extremely popular but it was only five days. This year we’re having an additional three days. So that’s over a week of gaming!

    To go on the course, you need to be between thirteen and seventeen years old.  40  We only have space for twenty-two people. That’s slightly fewer than last year’s twenty five, because we don’t have as many teachers on the course this year. So hurry up and book your place!

    If you’re still not sure whether to join or not, have a look at the website www.teengames.net,  that’s www.teengames.net and you can see what the students did on the course last year. You can book your place on the same site.

       A. One is never too old to learn.

       B. Don’t worry about the living place.

       C. You will receive comfortable service.

       D. That’s why our course is so appealing.

       E. Places on the course are limited, though.

       F. The length of the course will be increased.

       G. You will get the chance to learn from experts.

    题型:未分类  知识点:七选五题型
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