高中英语湖北省荆州中学2017届高三8月摸底考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc
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  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2016-10-15
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    You may think that sailing is a difficult sport, but it is really not hard to learn it. You do not need to be strong. But you need to be quick. And you need to understand a few basic rules about the wind.

    First, you must ask yourself, “Where is the wind coming from? Is it coming from ahead or behind or from the side?” You must think about this all the time on the boat. The wind direction tells you what to do with the sail.

    Let’s start with the wind blowing from the behind. This means the wind and the boat are going in the same direction. Then you must always keep the sail outside the boat. It should be at a 90° angle to the boat. Then it will catch the wind best.

    If the wind is blowing from the side, it is blowing across the boat. In this case, you must keep the sail half way outside the boat. It should be at a 45° angle to the boat. It needs to be out far enough to catch the wind, but it shouldn’t flap (摆动). It shouldn’t look like on a flagpole. If it is flapping, it is probably out too far, and the boat will slow down.

    Sailing into the wind is not possible. If you try, the sail will flap and the boat will stop. You may want to go in that direction. It is possible, but you can’t go in a straight line. You must go first in one direction and then in another. This is called tacking. When you are tacking, you must always keep the sail inside the boat.

    21. What should you consider first while sailing?
      A. Size of sails.                                                      B. Wave levels.
      C. Sailors’ strength.                                               D. Wind directions.
    22. What do you have to do when sailing against the wind?
       A. Tack the boat.                                                 B. Allow the sail to flap.
       C. Lower the sail.                                                  D. Move in a straight line.
    23. Where can you probably find the text?
      A. In an official report.                                           B. In a tourist guidebook.
      C. In a physics textbook.                                       D. In a popular magazine.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:阅读理解-其他
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2016-10-15
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    Some people will do just about anything to save money. And I am one of them. Take my family’s last vacation for example. It was my six-year-old son’s winter break from school, and we were heading home from Fort Lauderdale after a weeklong trip. The flight was overbooked, and Delta, the airline, offered us $400 per person in credits to give up our seats and leave the next day. I had meetings in New York, so I had to get back. But that didn’t mean my husband and my son couldn’t stay. I took my nine-month-old and took off for home.

    The next day, my husband and son were offered more credits to take an even later flight. Yes, I encouraged---okay, ordered them to wait it out at the airport, to “earn” more Delta Dollars. Our total take: $1,600. Not bad, huh?

    Now some people may think I’m a bad mother and not such a great wife either. But as a big-time bargain hunter, I know the value of a dollar. And these days, a good deal is something few of us can afford to pass up.

    I've made a living looking for the best deals and exposing the worst tricks. I have been the consumer reporter of NBC’s Today Show for over a decade. I have written a couple of books including one titled Tricks of the Trade: A Consumer Survival Guide. And I really do what I believe in.

     I tell you this because there is no shame in getting your money’s worth. I’m also tightfisted when it comes to shoes, clothes for my children, and expensive restaurants. But I wouldn’t hesitate to spend on a good haircut. It keeps longer, and it’s the first thing people notice. And I will also spend on a classic piece of furniture. Quality lasts.

    24. Why did Delta give the author’s family credits?

    A. They had early bookings.                              B. They took a later flight.

          C. Their flight had been delayed.                        D. Their flight had been cancelled.

    25. What can we learn about the author?

          A. She rarely misses a good deal.                       B. She seldom makes a compromise.

         C. She is very strict with her children.                   D. She is interested in cheap products.

    26. What does the author do?

       A. She’s a housewife.                                             B. She’s a writer.

       C. She’s a media person.                                        D. She’s a business woman.

    27. What does the author want to tell us?

       A. How to expose bad tricks.                                 B. How to reserve airline seats.

       C. How to make a business deal.                            D. How to spend money wisely.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:阅读理解-其他
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2016-10-15
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    The desert tortoise is found in the Mojave and Sonoran Deserts in North AmericaIt is listed as an endangered species under the United States federal Endangered Species Act and is consideredvulnerableby the International Union for Conservation of Nature(IUCN) Despite the laws that protect themtheir numbers are still on the decline

    The desert tortoise in the areas has lived for thousands of yearsThis animal is able to survive ground temperature over 140 and is known to live as long as 60 to 80 yearsHoweverninety-five percent of the life of a desert tortoise is spent in the ground escaping the heat in a hole or passage in the groundHoles can be easily destroyed by off-highway vehicles that do not stay on built roadsDisasters also occur when they seek shade under parked cars

    Desert tortoises are also harmed by several diseases such as the upper respiratory tract disease often found in adopted tortoisesPet owners’ releasing sick tortoises into the wild has resulted in diseases being spread to wild tortoises

    The desert tortoise feeds on a dune (沙丘) primrose during springNon-native Sahara mustard (芥菜) seen in the background is a weed that competes with the native plants for water and nutrientsIn some areasmustard grows so densely that it is nearly impossible for desert tortoises to pass throughVehicleswhich do not stay on built roads and do not get washed frequentlycontribute to spreading weeds

    Rubbishsuch as burst balloonis a danger to desert tortoisesThe balloon can be mistaken for food by desert tortoises andonce consumedmay remain in the stomachs and intestines giving them a false sense of fullness that may cause them to starve

    28What does the underlined wordvulnerablein Paragraph 1 refer to?

    AEasily harmed.                                            BVery useful.

    C       Well protected.                                            DHardly noticed.

    29Why does the desert tortoise spend most of its time underground?

    ATo save energy for a long life

    BTo escape cross-country vehicles.

    CTo shelter themselves from other animals.

    DTo protect themselves from the heat

    30What can we learn about the tortoise?

    AIt digests split balloon easily              BIt lives on native plants

    CIt can fill itself up with burst balloon    DIt promotes the growth of mustard

    31What’s the best title of the passage?

    AProtection of the Desert Tortoise

    BA Sharp Decline in Tortoise Number

    CDangers the Desert Tortoise is Facing

    DA Bad Effect Vehicles Have on Tortoise

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类阅读
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    Grown-ups are often surprised by how well they remember something they learned as children but have never practiced ever since. A man who has not had a chance to go swimming for years can still swim as well as ever when he gets back in the water. He can get on a bicycle after many years and still ride away. He can play catch and hit a ball as well as his son. A mother who has not thought about the words for years can teach her daughter the poem that begins “Twinkle, twinkle, little star” or remember the story of Cinderella or Goldilocks and The Three Bears.

    One explanation is the law of overlearning, which can be stated as follows: Once we have learned something, additional learning trials increase the length of time we will remember it.

    In childhood we usually continue to practice such skills as swimming, bicycle riding, and playing baseball long after we have learned them. We continue to listen to and remind ourselves of words such as “Twinkle, twinkle, little star” and childhood tales such as Cinderella and Goldilocks. We not only learn but overlearn.

    The multiplication tables(乘法口诀表)are an exception to the general rule that we forget rather quickly the things that we learn in school, because they are another of the things we overlearn in childhood.

    The law of overlearning explains why cramming for an examination, though it may result in a passing grade, is not a satisfactory way to learn a college course. By cramming, a student may learn the subject well enough to get by on the examination, but he is likely soon to forget almost everything he learned. A little overlearning, on the other hand, is really necessary for one’s future development.

    32. What is the main idea of paragraph 1?

           A. Stories for children are easy to remember.

           B. Children have a better memory than grown-ups.

           C. People remember well what they learned in childhood.

           D. Poem reading is a good way to learn words.

    33. The author explains the law of overlearning by________.

           A. presenting research findings

           B. making a comparison

           C. using examples

           D. setting down general rules

    34. According to the author, being able to use multiplication tables is_______.

           A. a special case of cramming

           B. a result of overlearning

           C. a skill to deal with math problems

           D. a basic step towards advanced studies

    35. What is the author’s opinion on cramming?

           A. It leads to failure in college exams.

           B. It’s helpful only in a limited way.

           C. It’s possible to result in poor memory.

           D. It increases students’ learning interest.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:阅读理解-其他
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2016-10-15
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    If something that you’re doing doesn’t challenge you, then it doesn’t change you. We all need some normal stress in our lives, after all.    36    So challenge the following limits

    Figure out what you’re scared of and do it continuously.

    If you’re a salesman, and you’re scared of talking to people personally or over the phone, now, instead of being scared and thinking you’ll fail, spend at least five minutes a day to pick up the phone and make a call.    37     But don’t stop on the first attempt! Eventually, you can look at fear in the eyes and say, “Go on, I’m not scared!”.

        38   

    Make sure this hobby is not linked to your career; you have to relax and relieve your stress while performing this. Some examples might be cooking, sewing, painting and so on. Apart from helping you challenge yourself, taking a class for your hobby may also give you extra income.

    Set aside at least nine minutes a day for physical exercise.

          39    A simple 9 - minute run around your neighborhood can do wonders for

    yourself. Exercise can not only help you maintain your regular weight, but also make you feel better about yourself.

    Travel and allow yourself to be interested in new people.

    Don’t just limit yourself to your fellow travelers---try to connect with the service staff. You never know what kind of people they’re going to be. Get out of your house or go online right now to book your class.    40     

    A. Someone may hang up on you.

    B. You should do it continuously.

    C. You don’t need to go to the gym.

    D. Running in the gym may be a better choice.

    E. Start to travel now and learn to challenge yourself.

    F. Take a class for a hobby you’ve been longing to develop.

    G. You can never see any improvement if you stick to your comfort zone.

    题型:未分类  知识点:七选五题型
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