高中英语湖北省武汉市部分学校2016届新高三9月起点调研测试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

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  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2016-10-15

    USA's participation in World War II brought major changes to the lives of American women. Before the war, there had been a huge pool of female labour, consisting largely of young, single women. Many jobs were closed to them and they were effectively restricted to working in domestic service and selling - goods business. Wartime production requirements, however, combined with the loss of the men who entered the military, provided women with the opportunity to move into a far wider range ofjobs.

    The response to the US government's request for more women workers was amazing and the changesmarvelous. In 1941, there were 14.6 million women workers; by 1944 the number had grown to over 19.4 million. At one point during those wars, more than 50 percent ofAmerican women worked and by 1945 half of all women workers were over 35 years old.

       Women were particularly active in the defense industries. Between 1940 and 1944 women working in enterprises that produced goods increased by 141 percent. In Detroit in 1943, women made up 91 percent of the new hirings in 185 war plants. Over 10 percent of all shipbuilders were women. Most of these jobs came with a "pink-slip" attached, as women understood that they would be dismissed when the men returned from the war. Women were also frustrated by unfair pay differentials, for men were paid more money for doing the same job. With the end of the war and armymen being sent home, women were released twice as fast as men. In 1945, three-quarters of the women in aircraft and shipbuilding were let go, and women in the car industry decreased from 25 percent t0 7 percent. Although women found their work satisfying and liberating, postwar publicity focused on women's duty to help the returning soldiers fit in with society by "making him the man of the home again". When the war ended, many women left work to take up the duties of homemaking and raising children.

    21. Before World War II, women in the USA had jobs mostly related to   .

      A.  aircraft production         B. shipbuilding

      C. sales business                 D.defense industries

    22. When women were offered jobs in industries, they knew that their jobs would be

      A. temporary                        B. permanent

      C. frustrating                        D. highly paid

    23. When the war ended, media made women believe that

      A. their work was satisfying   B.their work was worthwhile

      C. they should help the army      D.they should take care ofthe family

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:阅读理解-其他
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    The Great Plague(瘟疫)of London in 1665 was the last in a long series ofplague that first began in London inJune 1499. It killed between 75,000 and 100,000. First suspected in late 1664,it began to spread eastwards in April 1665 from the poor suburb of St. Giles to the crowded and dirty communities on its way to the walled City of London.

    The Great Plague at Its Peak

    By September 1665, the death rate had reached 8,000 per week. Helpless city authorities began to abandon quarantine(隔离) measures. Houses containing the dead and dying were no longer locked. London's mournful silence was broken by the noise ofcarts carrying the dead for burial in churches or public plague pits.

    Well-off residents soon fled to the countryside, leaving the poor behind in poor old communities. Thousands of dogs and cats were killed to remove a feared source of contagion(传染), and piles of rotting garbage were burned. Doctors cut swellings and bled black spots in attempts to cure plague victims.

        Plague Orders prohibited churches from keeping dead bodies in their buildings during public assemblies or services, and carriers of the dead had to identify themselves and could not mix with the public.

    Samuel Pepys:   Eyewitness Accounts

       In his famous diary, Samuel Pepys, a member of Parliament, conveyed the sad image of desperate people wandering the streets in search of relief from the ruins of the plague. His notes during 1665 indicated the severity of London's Great Plague. In July, he mourned "the sad news of the death of so many in the community, forty last night, the bell always going ... either for deaths or burials." A month later, when London's death rate rose sharply, Pepys noted that survivors "are forced to carry the dead to be buried by daylight, the nights not enough to do it in."

    The Plague Declines and the Government Reacts

       By February 1666, the Great Plague had nearly run its course. It died out during the Great Fire that same year and never returned. Central parts of London were rebuilt with wider streets to relieve crowding and better waste water systems to improve public cleanliness. New Plague Orders were issued in May 1666, which banned the burial of future plague victims in churches and small churchyards, enforced the use of quicklime(生石灰)at chosen burial sites, and strictly prohibited opening graves less than one year after burial as a safeguard against the spread ofinfection.

    24. In the course of the Great Plague, it was a common practice to

      A. keep dead bodies in the church buildings

      B. burn piles ofrotting garbage in the streets

      C. carry the dead for church burials in the daytime

      D. unlock the houses containing the dead and dying

    25. It can be inferred from the passage that _

      A. dogs and cats were certain to spread the plague

    B. doctors' treatment ofplague victims was effective

      C. city authorities allowed rich residents to go to the countryside

      D. quarantine measures were powerless in preventing the plague

    26. How did Samuel Pepys feel when the bell was going all the night during the Great Plague?

      A. Frightened.   B. Relieved.            C. Sorrowful.   D. Moody.

    27. What's the main purpose of this writing?

      A. To blame poor public cleanliness for plague.

       B. To inform readers ofwhat happened in the Great Plague.

       C. To show that plague was closely related to church activities.

       D. To prove that plague could be controlled by humans.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:阅读理解-其他
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       Famous writer Edgar Allan Poe wrote 70 poems and 66 short stories during his life, but published only one novel. That book, The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket, is fiction, focusing on Pym's bad luck on a whaling ship.

    The novel, published in 1838, involves an attempted rebellion of the whaling ship. Pym and two others drive back the rebels, killing or throwing overboard all but one. The spared rebel, named Richard Parker, is kept aboard in order to help operate the ship. But as the ship overturns, it has no adequate food. Parker suggests that cannibalism(食人) is the only way out, and they draw straws to determine the victim. Parker loses and becomes dinner.

    But in 1846 a real-life Richard Parker died in a shipwreck (船滩;). He and 20 0thers were on board the doomed Francis Spaight, which sank, killing all on board. It was a mere coincidence, as it involved neither rebellion nor cannibalism.

    In 1884, the coincidence became extremely horrible. A boat named the Mignonette sank, and four people went into a lifeboat. And just like in Pym's tale, the four found themselves lacking food and were desperate. They did not draw straws; however, two of the remaining three simply killed the youngest, a cabin boy who had fallen unconscious. All three then dined on the now-dead 17 year old. The cabin boy's name, of course, was Richard P arker.

       As for rebellion, one needs to travel back t0 1797, before Poe penned his novel - although there is little evidence that Poe had known about this Richard Parker or intentionally chose his name for the Pym novel. That year, another man named Richard Parker led a rebellion of the British Naval base at Nore, taking over a number of ships. But as food was running out, Parker ordered "his" fleet to head toward France. The ship he was on followed this order but none of the other ships did, and Parker was arrested then was hanged as punishment.

    This series of coincidences has not gone entirely unnoticed. In 2001, author Yann Martel published The Life of Pi, which was made into a movie for release in November of 2012. It tells the story of a man who finds himself trapped on a lifeboat with a few animals, including a Bengal tiger. Martel showed respect for the shipwrecked men spoken about above by naming the tiger Richard Parker. And while there is probably nothing to this strange occurrence, if your name is Richard Parker, you may want to stay away from boats.

    28. The underlined part "draw straws"  (Para. 2) suggests someone will be chosen to

       A. deal with straws               B. enjoy a good opportunity

       C. make a clever decision          D. do something unpleasant

    29. What made the coincidence in 1884 extremely terrible?

      A. Cannibalism without drawing straws.

      B. Shipwreck and rebellion.

      C. Rebellion and cannibalism.

      D. Hanging and cannibalism.

    30. What can be learnt about the name Richard Parker?

       A. It was chosen on purpose by Allan Poe.

       B. It seemed connected with strange coincidences.

       C. It was popular both in fiction and in reality.

    D. It was originally a name for a Bengal tiger.

    31. To those Richard Parkers who wish to sail on the sea, this passage makes for.

      A. a complete nonsense              B. an accurate prediction

    C. an interesting warning             D. an impressive joke

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:人物传记/故事类阅读
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    What is the main testing ground of fears about incomplete or inadequate child rearing? The college admission process.

       If you are afraid you don't discipline your children enough, the evidence of parental failure is right there in front of everyone. The child is not filling out her college applications !

    If you are afraid that you have allowed your children to watch too much television and settle for low grades, you will have to answer for the consequences.

       The over-involvement of many parents in the process is, from my perspective, a cover for this deep parental anxiety: Did I do a good job with this child? Did I do everything I needed to do for this child? Is this child going to have a good life? I have seen many parents, dive back into their children's lives at college admission time, trying to fill all of their wisdom and discipline into their children at the last moment.

       Parents may need to be sure as their children leave the nest that they really have taught them how to fly. Since it is impossible to assess the quality ofwhat parents have done for their children at this point, the next best thing is the status of the college to which the child is admitted. From the point of an anxious parent, an "Ivy League college" child is proofofbetter child rearing than a "small college" child.

        I once sat with a talented, weak senior girl and her brilliant parents. She, they, and the school had to decide whether she should remain in school or go into a hospital. In light ofher anorexia(), the school recommended strongly that she not file her early application to Princeton. Upon hearing this, the girl looked at the adults in the room and said, "If I can't apply early to Princeton, I'II die." Her parents were also eager to have her get into Princeton. Why did they all need this so desperately?

    Because, in this case, something was wrong in the family. Due to some weakness in her upbringing, this child was not happy or self-confident. Yet she was eighteen, the culture required her to leave home. The psychological solution for them all was the comforting vision of a great college. Somehow going there would make her life fine and defend her parents' child rearing.

       Such fears about letting go of an unfinished child exist in all families. How can we let go of a child who is still so young in so many ways? It is painful and has no cure except time and hope. For parents looking for a painkiller, the college admission process is where they can work out their anxieties.

    32. What does the underlined word "rearing"  ( Para.l) mean?

    A. Adopting.          B. Raising.          C. Educating.             D.Spoiling.

    33. What is implied in parents' over-involvement in their children's college admission process in the author's view?

    A. Care and concern.                               B.Over protection.

    C. Great parental wisdom.                 D.Deep parental anxiety.

    34. What should parents do according to the author?

    A. Help children fill out their college applications.

    B. Fall into children's lives at college admission time.

    C. Prepare children for the future before they leave home.

    D. Access the quality of what they have done for their children.

    35. According to the passage, what can defend the parents, child rearing?

    A.A great college.B.Time and hope.

    C. Confidence of children.D.Independence of children.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:阅读理解-其他
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2016-10-15

    I often went fishing up in Maine during the summer. Personally I am very fond of strawberries and cream, but I have found that for some strange reason, fish prefer insects.  36   I thought about what they wanted.I didn't bait the hook with strawberries and cream. Rather,I swung an insect or a grasshopper(蚱蜢)in front of the fish and said: "Wouldn't you like to have that?"


    That is what Lloyd George, Great Britain's Prime Minister during World War I,did. When someone asked him how he managed to stay in power after the over wartime leaders - Wilson, Orlando and Clemenceau – had been forgotten, he replied that if his staying on top might be owing to any one thing, it would be to his having learned that it was necessary to bait the hook to suit the fish.

    Why talk about what we want? That is childish. Absurd.  38   But no one else is.The rest ofus are just like you: we are interested in what we want.

    39  Remember that tomorrow when you are trying to get someone to do something.If,for example, you don't want your children to smoke, don't argue with them, and don't talk about what you want; but show them that cigarettes may keep them from making the basketball team or winning the hundred-yard dash.

    40__Before you speak, pause and ask yourself: "How can I make this person want to do it?"

    A. Ofcourse, you are interested in what you want and you are always interested in it.

    B. Why not use the same common sense when fishing for people?

    C. Tomorrow you may want to persuade somebody to do something.

    D. That is a good thing to remember regardless of whether you are dealing with children or animals.

    E. So the only way on earth to influence other people is to talk about what they want and show them how to getit

    F. You have wanted the money very much.

    G. So when l went fishing,I didn't think about what l wanted.

    题型:未分类  知识点:七选五题型
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