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湖北省部分重点中学2016-2017学年高一下学期期中联考英语试题 Word版含解析.doc
一、阅读理解(共4题)
难度:
使用次数:105
更新时间:2017-08-29
组卷/试题篮
1.

Do you like animals? If you do, you can go to visit the following zoos around America.

Denver Zoo, Colorado

The zoo covers 80 acres in all. It houses species from all over the world, including bears, elephants, giraffes, birds, monkeys and fish. The zoo is laid out in a large circle, with animals both inside and outside the circle. It houses 4,125 animals.

Riverbanks Zoo, South Carolina

It covers 170 acres. The zoo is the beautiful home of over 2,000 animals, including African elephants, kangaroos and koalas. Also, Riverbanks Zoo has a 70-acre botanical(植物的)garden with more than 4,200 species of native and foreign plants.

Zoo Miami, Florida

It is the largest and oldest zoo in Florida. Zoo Miami is also the only tropical(热带的)zoo in the United States. There are four main sections in the zoo: Asia, Africa, Amazon and Beyond, and Australia. Don’t miss a ride on the air-conditioned monorail(单轨列车). It is a convenient and comfortable way to move between sections. And it also provides an amazing view of the zoo.

Fort Worth Zoo, Texas

The zoo has been named as a top zoo in the nation by Family Life magazine, The LA Times, and USA Today, and it made the list of top zoos in the South by Southern Living magazine. The zoo now is home to 5,000 native and foreign animals.

Colorado Springs, Colorado

America’s only mountainside zoo spans 140 acres and has a collection of more than 750 animals, representing nearly 150 different species. Don’t miss the wildly popular giraffe-feeding activity.

1. Riverbanks Zoo would most probably attract those who__________.

A. want to visit a tropical zoo

B. love both animals and plants

C. want a ride on a monorail

D. love the giraffe-feeding activity

2. Which of the following zoos has the most animals?

A. Denver Zoo.

B. Riverbanks Zoo.

C. Fort Worth Zoo....

D. Colorado Springs.

3. What makes Colorado Springs special?

A. Being the largest zoo in the US.

B. Being named as a top zoo in the US.

C. Having the largest number of animals.

D. Being the only mountainside zoo in the US

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题型:阅读理解
知识点:广告布告类阅读
难度:
使用次数:163
更新时间:2017-08-29
组卷/试题篮
2.

Jennifer Lawrence, 25, is known for being down -to- earth and likable—she ordered McDonald’s on the red carpet at the Oscars.

And when she described her anger and disappointment at the fact that women are not equal to men in Hollywood, Lawrence “continued to make America fall in love with her”, said Business Insider.

Earlier this year, an E-mail from film company Sony Pictures showed that Lawrence and Amy Adams made less money for American Hustle(2013) than their male(男性) co-stars, even though both women played major roles in the movie.

In an article published in Lenny Letter, a popular e-mail newsletter, Lawrence wrote “I’m trying to find the ‘adorable(可爱的) way to state my opinion and still be likable’!”

Lawrence joins a long list of actresses, including Meryl Streep and Cate Blanchett, who have spoken up about Hollywood’s pay gap.

According to Forbes, the 10 highest paid movie actors in 2015, led by Robert Downey Jr, made $431 million.But the 10 highest paid movie actresses, led by Lawrence, only made about $218 million. The pay gap comes partly from the low number of actresses. According to a report in August, only 28.1 percent of characters in 2014’s 100 top grossing(高票房的) films were female(女性) and of them, only 21 percent had a female lead or co-lead character.

“People with more experience are paid more,” Nancy Dubue, the president CEO of A+E Networks, told Variety, “The problem is that the industry still gives too many men that experience.”

The pay gap is a problem that affects the whole US, The White House reported that women earn 78 cents to every dollar a man gets there.

“This is what made Lawrence’s piece powerful: it showed that women still experience pay inequality everywhere-whether you’re Hollywood’s top talent or you work in a retail store,” commented CNN.

As Lawrence points out, it’s not just about less payment for women; it’s also about women making sure that their pay shows their value.

4. According to Business Insider, Americans_____ Lawrence after she expressed her anger at Hollywood’s pay gap.

A. dislike.    B. like

C. doubt                               D.            forgive

5. From the passage we can infer that_____.

A. men earn more money for the same job than women because they are better than women...

B. Lawrence is the leader of the 10 highest_ paid movie actresses

C. a great many actresses have spoken up about Hollywood’s pay gap

D. a White House report points out that men make twice as much money as women

6. The writer’s purpose of writing this passage is____.

A. to inform

B. to advise

C. to persuade

D. to argue

7. The best title of the passage can be____.

A. More Experience, More Pay

B. Asking for Fair Pay

C. Speaking up for Hollywood

D. Higher value, Higher Pay

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题型:阅读理解
知识点:人物传记 故事类阅读
难度:
使用次数:104
更新时间:2017-08-29
组卷/试题篮
3.

Whether rich or poor, parents who have books in the home increase the level of education their children will attain, according to a 20-year study led by Mariah Evans.

For years, educators have thought the strongest predictor(预示物) of attaining high levels of education was having parents who were highly educated. But, the study showed that the difference between being raised in a bookless home compared to being raised in a home with a 500-book library has as great an effect on the level of education a child will attain as the difference between having parents who are barely literate (有文化的) and having parents who have a university education.

Being a sociologist, Evans was particularly interested to find that children of lesser-educated parents benefit the most from having books in the home. What kinds of investments should we make to help these kids get ahead? The results of this study indicate that getting some books into their homes is an inexpensive way that we can help these children succeed. Evans said, "Even a little bit goes a long way. Having as few as 20 books in the home still has a significant impact on motivating a child to a higher level of education, and the more books you add, the greater benefit the children get.”

The researchers were struck by the strong effect having books in the home had on children's educational attainment even above and beyond such factors as education level of the parents, the father's occupation or the economic level of the country.

Having books in the home is twice as important as the father's education level, and more important than whether a child was brought up in a developing country or a developed country. Surprisingly, the difference in educational attainment for children born in developed country and children born in developing country was just 2 years, less than two-thirds of the effect that having 500 or more books in the home had on children.

8. In the past educators held a point of view that ______ ....

A. children whose family had a library would possibly attain high levels of education

B. children who were born in poor families studied harder than those in rich families

C. children whose parents are highly educated would attain high levels of education

D. parents’ level of education had nothing to do with their children’s levels of education

9. What does the underlined word “motivating” in Paragraph 3 mean?

A. Making somebody want to do something.

B. Helping somebody to finish something

C. Making somebody pretend to do something.

D. Preventing somebody from achieving something.

10. Which of the following has the most important effect on the level of education a child will gain?

A. The economic level of the country.

B. The father’s occupation.

C. Education levels of parents.

D. Having books in the home.

11. Which is the following is NOT TRUE?

A. Getting books into homes is good investment parents can make.

B. Children who get a higher level of education must have many books in their homes.

C. Reading books is good for the development of children.

D. Books in home have a great effect on children’s education levels.

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题型:阅读理解
知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
难度:
使用次数:125
更新时间:2017-08-29
组卷/试题篮
4.

Ever since Donald Trump was elected the next president of the US, the entire Trump family has been put under a microscope(显微镜).

In China, the spotlight has been mainly focused on Trump and his daughter Ivanka. She is described on WeChat as an extremely influential role model with stunning beauty, a successful career, and a happy family.

She leads a dream life that a million girls would kill for. Yes, she was born with a silver spoon in her mouth. But she got where she is by herself.

There’s always going to be articles that say people born into wealthy families are better looking and have a better family background than you, but these people do work harder than you.

Are you a loser if you were raised in an ordinary family? Should you feel guilty that you sleep eight hours a day because Ivanka sleeps five? If you just want to keep a stable(稳定的) nine-to-five job, does it mean you are not ambitious? How about if you don’t work out or eat healthy, does that mean you will not find your Mr. or Miss Right?

There is a tendency in media nowadays to encourage elitism(精英主义).They are trying to brainwash young people into thinking that they should invest(投资)a large amount of time and money in bodybuilding and appearance. They encourage lifestyle makeovers: wine tasting classes and expensive trips overseas. They make you believe that if you do as they say, you can improve the quality of your life and join the elites (社会精英).

But what’s the downside of being ordinary? Do you really need to go to the gym five days a week? Do you need to take hundreds of selfies(自拍) and Photoshop the selected ones to post on WeChat? Do you really need to break your neck and sacrifice to earn your first pot of gold only to worry constantly about how to enter high society later?

Don’t let the idea of elitism get to you. Everybody has a right to the life they want. Human beings should not be judged as a success or failure based on whether they are a part of the elite or not. As long as you lead a happy and comfortable life, why bother to chase after other people’s shadows? Choose your own life path and go for it.

12. Why does Ivanka become a hit online in the writer’s opinion?

A. She lives such a dream life that a million girls would like to kill her.

B. She gets what she has through personal efforts despite rich origin.

C. She has a better family background than ordinary people.

D. She is a role model frequently seen among ordinary people.

13. Which of the following are considered as a life belonging to the elites?

①Polish and post carefully- selected selfies on WeChat.

②Break your neck to earn your first pot of gold.

③Spare no effort to improve physical appearance.

④Sign up for wine tasting classes and oversea trips.

A. ③④

B. ②④

C. ②③

D. ①④

14. It can be inferred from the text that ____________.

A. Ivanka sleeping five hours a day makes the majority of people guilty.

B. Keeping a stable nine-to- five job will be thought of as a loser.

C. Improving the quality of life will help you enter high society.

D. Joining the elites is what more and more people dream of nowadays.

15. Which attitude towards life would the writer probably agree with?...

A. Life is like a dogsled team. If you aren’t the lead dog, the scenery never changes.

B. Life is not in holding good cards but in playing those you hold well.

C. There is only one success — to be able to spend your life in your own way.

D. The greatest lesson in life is to know that even fools are right sometimes.

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题型:阅读理解
知识点:科普环保类阅读
二、未分类(共2题)
难度:
使用次数:145
更新时间:2017-08-29
组卷/试题篮
1.

April 22nd every year marks the start of Earth Day, a day that is celebrated every year to raise awareness(意识)about our home planet and how we can save it from being damaged. ___16___

1. Green up your home

This is one of the most common things that people do whenever Earth Day rolls around, that is , switch off their lights. ____17____Conserve (节约)energy by switching off all power of electricity points whenever they are not on use. In addition, take out all the plugs(插头) from plug points even after switching them off.

2. ___18___

Cars, being the greatest source of air pollution, can be left at home this weekend. _____19_____Other greener choices are carpooling, riding a bike or you can also walk if you want a healthier choice and if your workplace is not that far away from your home.

3. Be a little dirty

No, we don’t mean it ‘that way’. We simply mean to say, don’t take a bath. Yes, saving water is super important. A day or two without a bath won’t harm you, but it will certainly do a lot of good for our planet. A daily shower isn’t a matter of health; it’s a matter of comfort. ___20___

The future of our planet is in your hands!

A. Traveling by public transport is a better choice.

B. Showering every day can wash away the natural oils that our skin and hair need.

C. Below, we have made a list of things you can do to celebrate Earth Day.

D. Do something every day that will improve your surroundings to make the planet a better place to live.

E. Leave your cars at home.

F. However, this is not something you should do just for a day or for only an hour....

G. Started in the year 1970, Earth Day is now celebrated in more than 190 countries each year.

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题型:未分类
知识点:七选五题型
三、完型填空(共1题)
难度:
使用次数:111
更新时间:2017-08-29
组卷/试题篮
1.

Make the Most of What You Have Got

For Nick Vujicic, life was going to be difficult from the day he was born. When Nick arrived into this world, he___21___ everyone. He was not like the other babies and it was _____22_____ obvious to his parents and to the doctors in the hospital.

There was no_____23_____or answers for his condition. Nick was born without any limbs—that is he was born without any arms or legs. But despite being physically____24____, he was mentally____25____ and the rest of his body was functioning fine.

Life was not easy for Nick when he was young.____26____ he had loving parents, Nick would find school hard as he would often be looked down upon by the other children and at the young age of 10, he considered____27____his life by drowning himself in a bathtub. These dark thoughts were_____28_____by his negative attitude to being disabled and at the time, he thought that he would never be able to do____29____by himself, that he would never have a job and that he would always have to____30____on his parents for help.

Nick was wrong. As an adult, Nick is a successful public speaker and is famous for his motivational____31____which focus on life with a disability(残疾), hope and finding meaning in life worldwide . He____32____so many people with the story of his life, how he has____33____so many difficulties and most importantly how he is happy every day.

Despite having no arms or legs, Nick lives ____34____ , even finding ways to do almost____35____things like brushing his teeth on his own and swimming. He has to work harder than a full bodied person and he achieves his goals.

At the first impression, you may look at Nick and feel_____36_____. You may feel sad that this man has no arms or legs and you might feel his ____37____and upset that he could find everyday situations difficult. But we should___38___

Nick, as he is extremely positive and he gets on with life. He______39______every day and makes the best of what he has: a positive attitude, a creative mind and a powerful ____40____. He also has a very kind and very beautiful wife and they are truly happy and in love.

21. A. shocked    B. pleased    C. inspired    D. accepted

22. A. nervously    B. painfully    C. hopefully    D. cautiously

23. A. surprise    B. worry    C. explanation    D. apology

24. A. active    B. sick    C. disabled    D. abused...

25. A. disturbed    B. challenged    C. calm    D. normal

26. A. Since    B. If    C. Although    D. Unless

27. A. changing    B. ending    C. risking    D. sharing

28. A. expressed    B. collected    C. given    D. driven

29. A. something    B. nothing    C. everything    D. anything

30. A. call    B. rely    C. cheat    D. look

31. A. lessons    B. poems    C. speeches    D. posters

32. A. convinces    B. touches    C. puzzles    D. judges

33. A. faced    B. created    C. met    D. overcome

34. A. independently    B. comfortably    C. hopelessly    D. lonely

35. A. impossible    B. dangerous    C. crazy    D. regretful

36. A. pain    B. guilt    C. panic    D. pity

37. A. annoyance    B. selfishness    C. courage    D. confidence

38. A. encourage    B. admire    C. comfort    D. correct

39. A. cries    B. shouts    C. smiles    D. struggles

40. A. voice    B. body    C. family    D. position

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题型:完型填空
知识点:完型填空
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