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北京市2020年高考英语真题含答案解析
一、阅读填空(共3题)
二、完型填空(共1题)
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使用次数:209
更新时间:2021-01-13
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1.

   My faith in human nature has never been so great as it was last weekend after our family get-together in the town of Vail.

On Saturday, we all went to the market right in the middle of the town. Near the end, we all   11   at the fountain near the bridge, and the kids waded(蹚水)around in the fountain until we   12   . This is one of the busiest walking streets.

After we returned to the hotel late in the afternoon, my 7-year-old son Ponder   13   that nowhere could he find his backpack, which   14   his Gameboy and his watch. After a thorough   15   we determined that he must have left it at the fountain.

Ponder has never   16   anything. So we just take for granted that he needs no supervision(指导)for managing his   17   .

He was upset, not about the Gameboy, but about the watch. "But Dad," he said, through massive   18   , "they don't make that kind of watch anymore." We were all very   19   .

Our dinner reservation was at a restaurant just on the other side of the bridge, so I   20   him that we would not only search the area around the fountain when we went back for dinner, but we would also find the police and ask them if the backpack had been   21   .

As we exited from the parking garage, we could see the fountain as we walked down the long staircase. I saw something black   22   there, but it was right next to a woman standing by the fountain, so I could not   23   what it was or if it was hers.

"See it, Dad?" Ponder shouted. "Don't get too   24   because that may not be it," I said. But that was it. It had been five or six hours since we left the fountain, and it was   25   there. There was no ID in it, and it looked like someone had looked through it and then set it right out where all could   26   it.

I literally   27   when we reached it and it was hisEveryone in our party was blown away by this "miracle(奇迹)". In my wildest   28   , I would never have imagined that this could happen nowadays.

What a charmed life, eh? I believe this was a perfect   29   for a child in losing something important…to lose it and feel the full   30   of that loss, and then to miraculously get it back.

11Adrove              Bhiked                     Cmet                        Dunited

12Alanded            Bleft                        Csettled                    Dslept

13Aresponded       Brecognized              Crealised                  Drecalled

14Acontained        Bcombined               Ccomprised              Dcovered

15Apreparation      Bcheckup                  Crevision                  Dsearch

16Awasted            Blost                        Csough                     Ddeserted

17Aemotion          Btime                       Cmoney                   Dstuff

18Atears               Bfists                       Creliefs                    Doutbreaks

19Ahesitant           Bcurious                   Csad                        Deager

20Apromised         Binformed                Cwarned                   Dtaught

21Aworn out         Bcaught up               Cput away                Dturned in

22Ahiding             Bsitting                    Cswinging                Dflowing

23Aassess              Bdeclare                   Ctell                        Dpredict

24Aexcited            Bpuzzled                  Crelaxed                   Damused

25Aalready           Beven                       Calmost                    Dstill

26Atake                Bsee                         Ctouch                     Dprotect

27Apanicked         Bexploded                Ccollapsed                Dcried

28Adreams            Bclaims                    Cefforts                    Dpassions

29Amode              Blesson                     Coption                    Dplot

30Arange              Bpressure                  Cweight                   Dharvest

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题型:完型填空
知识点:其他
三、阅读理解(共5题)
难度:
使用次数:162
更新时间:2021-01-13
组卷/试题篮
1.

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At the core of Lancom is a world-class effective method that enhances language leaning with advanced technology.

Examples and dialogues are recorded with real native speakers instead of automatic computers. Lancom trains your brain to learn efficiently, so you absorb more information while in the app and continue leaning outside of it. The app makes our practical language lessons available wherever and whenever. We work directly for our leaners, not for any third party. And it's all supported by an efficient customer service team, available through telephone, email and online chat.

Millions of learners have their own stories and their own reasons for learning a new language. Lancom cares about you and addresses your individual learning type. Lancom is the only product to offer courses tailored to your native language, building on grammar and words you already know. Our content is about real-life topics that are relevant because we know what matters to you is what sticks best. You will, find it very rewarding to learn with Lancom.

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Contact & Support: customerservice@lancom.com

31Who can provide Lancom with a huge potential for innovation in learning?

ACulture researchers. BAI specialists.         CLanguage experts.   DArt designers.

32What lies at the core of the Lancom app?

AA flexible system.                                      BAn effective method.

CThe brain-training technique.                      DThe informative content.

33Lancom claims that it is unique in its ___________.

Apersonalised courses                                   Bmultiple languages

Cpricing policy                                            Dservice team

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题型:阅读理解
知识点:科普知识与现代技术
难度:
使用次数:218
更新时间:2021-01-13
组卷/试题篮
2.

    Baggy has become the first dog in the UK—and potentially the world—to join the fight against air pollution by recording pollutant levels near the ground.

Baggy wears a pollution monitor on her collar so she can take data measurements close to the ground. Her monitor has shown that air pollution levels are higher closer to ground level, which has helped highlight concerns that babies and young kids may be at higher risk of developing lung problems.

Conventional air pollution monitors are normally fixed on lampposts at about nine feet in the air. However, since Baggy stands at about the same height as a child in a pushchair(婴儿车), she frequently records pollution levels which are much higher than the data gathered by the Environment A gency.

The doggy data research was the idea of Baggy's 13-year-old owner Tom Hunt and his dad Matt. The English youngster noticed that pollution levels are around two-thirds higher close to the ground than they are in the air at the height where they are recorded by the agency. Tom has since reported the shocking findings to the government in an attempt to emphasise that babies are at higher risk of developing asthma(哮喘).

Matt Hunt said he was "very proud" of his son because “when the boy gets an idea, he keeps his head down and gets on with it, and he really does want to do some good and stop young kids from getting asthma."

“Tom built up a passion for environmental protection at a very early age," Matt added. “He became very interested in gadgets(小装置). About one year ago, he got this new piece of tech which is like a test tube. One Sunday afternoon, we went out to do some monitoring, and he said, why don't we put it on Baggy's collar and let her monitor the pollution'So we did it."

Tom said, "Most of the time, Baggy is just like any other dog. But for the rest of the time she is a super dog, and we are all really proud of her."

34With a monitor on her collar, Baggy can ____________.

Atake pollutant readings                                Brecord pollutant levels

Cprocess collected data                                 Dreduce air pollution

35What can we learn from the Baggy data?

AHigh places are free of air pollution.

BHigher pushchairs are more risky for kids.

CConventional monitors are more reliable.

DAir is more polluted closer to the ground.

36What is Tom's purpose of doing the research?

ATo warn of a health risk.                             BTo find out pollution sources.

CTo test his new monitor.                              DTo prove Baggy's abilities.

37According to the passage, which word can best describe Tom Hunt?

AModest.                 BGenerous.               CCreative.                DOutgoing.

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题型:阅读理解
知识点:自然
难度:
使用次数:258
更新时间:2021-01-13
组卷/试题篮
3.

    For the past five years, Paula Smith, a historian of science, has devoted herself to re-creating long-forgotten techniques. While doing research for her new book, she came across a 16th-century French manuscript(手稿)consisting of nearly 1,000 sets of instructions, covering subjects from tool making to finding the best sand.

The author's intention remains as mysterious(神秘)as his name; he may have been simply taking notes for his own records. But Smith was struck mainly by the fact that she didn't truly grasp any of the skills the author described. "You simply can't get an understanding of that handwork by reading about it," she says.

Though Smith did get her hands on the best sand, doing things the old-fashioned way isn't just about playing around with French mud. Reconstructing the work of the craftsmen(工匠)who lived centuries ago can reveal how they viewed the world, what objects filled their homes, and what went on in the workshops that produced them. It can even help solve present-day problems: In 2015, scientists discovered that a 10th-century English medicine for eve problems could kill a drug-resistant virus.

The work has also brought insights for museums, Smith says. One must know how on object was made in order to preserve it. What's more, reconstructions might be the only way to know what treasures looked like before time wore them down. Scholars have seen this idea in practice with ancient Greek and Roman statues. These sculptures were painted a rainbow of striking colours. We can't appreciate these kinds of details without seeing works of art as they originally appeared-something Smith believes you can do only when you have a road map.

Smith has put the manuscript's ideas into practice. Her final goal is to link the worlds of art and science back together: She believes that bringing the old recipes to life can help develop a kind of learning that highlights experimentation, teamwork, and problem solving.

Back when science—then called “the new philosophy”—took shape, academics looked to craftsmen for help in understanding the natural world. Microscopes and telescopes were invented by way of artistic tinkering(修补), as craftsmen experimented with glass to better bend light.

If we can rediscover the values of hands-on experience and craftwork, Smith says, we can marry the best of our modern insights with the handiness of our ancestors.

38How did Smith, feel after reading the French manuscript?

AConfused about the technical terms.

BImpressed with its detailed instructions.

CDiscouraged by its complex structure.

DShocked for her own lack of hand skills.

39According to Smith, the reconstruction work is done mainly to _____________.

Arestore old workshops                                 Bunderstand the craftsmen

Cimprove visual effects                                 Dinspire the philosophers

40Why does the author mention museums?

ATo reveal the beauty of ancient objects.

BTo present the findings of old science.

CTo highlight the importance of antiques.

DTo emphasise the values of hand skills.

41Which would be the best title for this passage?

ACraftsmen Set the Trends for Artists

BCraftsmanship Leads to New Theories

CCraftsmanship Makes Better Scientists

DCraftsmen Reshape the Future of Science

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题型:阅读理解
知识点:科普知识与现代技术
难度:
使用次数:136
更新时间:2021-01-13
组卷/试题篮
4.

    Certain forms of AI are indeed becoming ubiquitous. For example, algorithms (算法) carry out huge volumes of trading on our financial markets, self-driving cars are appearing on city streets, and our smartphones are translating from one language into another. These systems are sometimes faster and more perceptive than we humans are. But so far that is only true for the specific tasks for which the systems have been designed. That is something that some AI developers are now eager to change.

Some of today’s AI pioneers want to move on from today’s world of “weak” or “narrow” AI, to create “strong” or “full” AI, or what is often called artificial general intelligence (AGI). In some respects, today’s powerful computing machines already make our brains look weak. A GI could, its advocates say, work for us around the clock, and drawing on all available data, could suggest solutions to many problems. DM, a company focused on the development of AGI, has an ambition to “solve intelligence”. “If we’re successful,” their mission statement reads, “we believe this will be one of the most important and widely beneficial scientific advances ever made.”

Since the early days of AI, imagination has outpaced what is possible or even probable. In 1965, an imaginative mathematician called Irving Good predicted the eventual creation of an “ultra-intelligent machine…that can far surpass all the intellectual (智力的) activities of any man, however clever.” Good went on to suggest that “the first ultra-intelligent machine” could be “the last invention that man need ever make.”

Fears about the appearance of bad, powerful, man-made intelligent machines have been reinforced (强化) by many works of fiction — Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein and the Terminator film series, for example. But if AI does eventually prove to be our downfall, it is unlikely to be at the hands of human-shaped forms like these, with recognisably human motivations such as aggression (敌对行为). Instead, I agree with Oxford University philosopher Nick Bostrom, who believes that the heaviest risks from A GI do not come from a decision to turn against mankind but rather from a dogged pursuit of set objectives at the expense of everything else.

The promise and danger of true A GI are great. But all of today’s excited discussion about these possibilities presupposes the fact that we will be able to build these systems. And, having spoken to many of the world’s foremost AI researchers, I believe there is good reason to doubt that we will see A GI any time soon, if ever.

42What does the underlined word “ubiquitous” in Paragraph I probably mean?

AEnormous in quantity.                                BChangeable daily.

CStable in quality.                                        DPresent everywhere.

43What could AGI do for us, according to its supporters?

AHelp to tackle problems.                             BMake brains more active.

CBenefit ambitious people.                           DSet up powerful databases.

44As for Irving Good’s opinion on ultra-intelligent machines, the author is ____________.

Asupportive                                                 Bdisapproving

Cfearful                                                      Duncertain

45What can be inferred about AGI from the passage?

AIt may be only a dream.

BIt will come into being soon.

CIt will be controlled by humans.

DIt may be more dangerous than ever.

查看答案
题型:阅读理解
知识点:科普知识与现代技术
难度:
使用次数:200
更新时间:2021-01-13
组卷/试题篮
5.

  Many people think that positive thinking is mostly about keeping one's head in the sand and ignoring daily problems, trying to look optimistic. In reality it has more to do with the way an individual talks to himself. Self-talk is a constant stream of thoughts of a person, who is often unaware and uncertain of some events, phenomena, people, or even the person himself.46Meanwhile, positive thinking can help to stop negative self-talks and start to form a positive view on an issue. People who regularly practise positive thinking tend to solve problems more effectively. They are less exposed to stress caused by external factors. They tend to believe in themselves and in what they do.

47People who think positively demonstrate increased life spans, lower rates of depression and anxiety, better physical and psychological health, reduced risks of death from heart problems. Positive thinking also contributes to one's ability to deal with problems and hardships.48For example, researchers have found that in the case of a crisis accompanied by strong emotions, such as a natural disaster, positive thinking can provide a sort of buffer against depression and anxiety. Resilient people who think positively tend to treat every problem as a challenge, a chance for improvement of any kind, or as an opportunity for personal growth. Pessimists, on the contrary, tend to perceive problems as a source of additional stress.49

In conclusion, positive thinking is a powerful and effective tool for dealing with hard times and improving the quality of one's life. It doesn't have anything to do with ignorant optimism when an individual refuses to notice a problem.50

Thinking in a positive, self-encouraging way brings about many benefits to one's physical and mental health.

AIt doesn't cause any severe emotional discomfort, either.

BNegative self-talk damages self-confidence and decreases self-respect.

CIt helps one to remain clear-headed and confident in difficult situations.

DPositive thinking has several beneficial effects on the body and the mind.

E.As thinking changes, an individual's behaviour and habits change as well.

F.They often offer a real alternative to the common and regular way of thinking.

G.They often feel discouraged long before trying to solve the problem, even if small.

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题型:阅读理解
知识点:其他
四、作文(共2题)
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