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北京市海淀区首都师范大学附属中学2019-2020学高一下学期期中考试英语试题(A)卷含答案解析
年级:高中
难度:中等
更新时间:2021-01-18
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一、完型填空(共1题)
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1.

  In high school I had a math teacher, Mrs. Davies, who took her job seriously and expected her students to put forth the same degree of commitment (付出). Strict but fair, she held our attention with her great method. One of her    1    was for students who were more advanced academically. I chose to    2    it and soon realized that the course was a bit over my head. I    3    with the complex problems that others seemed to learn without much effort.

One Friday we were tested    4    our ability to use a theorem (定理) that no one in the class thoroughly understood. The teacher would    5    our papers based on our ability to progress through the problem which easily filled two pages of formulaic notations (公式符号). I was absolutely    6   . Finally, I didn't use the required theorem. Instead, I decided to use more familiar theorems to arrive at an    7   . I knew I had failed because I hadn't done the    8    assignment. I became resigned (顺从) to my fate.

Our test papers were    9    back the following Monday. Everyone received a "C" except for me. To my surprise, I received an "A". I    10    that there must be a mistake. I watched    11    as the teacher approached my desk, smiled, and asked for my test    12    back. She then went back to copy my work onto the blackboard,    13    the class how I had arrived at the correct answer. "Mathematics is meant to be a creative tool, pushing our minds to a rewarding answer," she said with confidence.    14    I didn't use the required theorem, she seemed really proud of how I'd worked through the problem. The class saw her fold my test paper and put it into her textbook. She announced that it would be    15    with future classes.

My teacher would have been justified (合理的) in giving me a    16    grade. Instead, she used the    17    to deeply influence a student who often struggled. And after forty years, I still cherish the    18   . It helped change my self-image. I    19    up to a broad boundary of possibilities which has made my life an adventure. She understood that teaching went beyond strict demands and could be used to    20    Thank you, Mrs. Davies.

1Aways                Btasks                      Ctests                       Dclasses

2Arun                   Btake                       Cteach                      Dlike

3Acompared          Bstruggled                Cconnected               Dargued

4Aon                    Bat                           Cin                          Dfor

5Aexplain             Bcollect                    Cprint                      Dgrade

6Atired                 Bcurious                   Clost                        Dsatisfied

7Aeffect               Bend                        Canswer                   Dinterest

8Acompleted         Bproved                   Cfixed                      Drequired

9Ahanded             Bheld                       Cthrown                   Ddated

10Ahoped             Bassumed                 Cdeclared                 Ddreamed

11Aangrily            Bregretfully              Cdisappointedly        Dnervously

12Apaper              Bscore                      Cquestion                 Dmethod

13Ahelping           Bfollowing               Cshowing                 Dpraising

14ASince              BUnless                    CThough                  DBecause

15Ashared             Bexchanged              Cpractised                Dchecked

16Afriendly          Bfailing                    Ccorrected                Dwrong

17Apossibility       Bcreation                  Cintention                Dopportunity

18Achange            Bmemory                 Cschool                    Dlife

19Aopened            Bkept                       Cmade                     Dlooked

20Alearn               Bsurvive                   Cinspire                   Dmanage

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题型:完型填空
知识点:学校生活
二、阅读理解(共6题)
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使用次数:299
更新时间:2021-01-18
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1.

  A South Korean man and the 21 ducklings he has been raising as his children ever since they hatched have been breaking the internet with their amazing bond. A video that recently went viral in the western world shows the cute birds following their “mother” on a mountain hike and listening to his every command.

The middle-aged man, whose name is not revealed in the video, has been taking care of his 21 ducklings ever since they were eggs, making sure the incubation( ) period went smoothly, and even helping the tiny birds break through their shell when it came time to hatch. He was the first thing they laid eyes on in this world, and he has remained the most important figure in their lives since.

Ducklings naturally follow their mother around, and since the man was the one who acted as their mother, these birds follow him everywhere, even up a mountain. To them it’s only natural, but the middle-aged man considers it training and conditioning for the time when he finally releases them into the wild. He would love to raise them all as pets, but knows that wouldn’t be ideal for him or the birds, so he’s making sure that they are strong enough to survive in the wild.

The video shows the ducks following the middle-aged man as he hikes up a mountain outside Seoul, stopping whenever he does and refusing to follow anyone else, even if they give the same “let’s go” command their human mother does. Unless they hear his voice and see him moving, they don’t budge. It’s actually quite remarkable. I mean, it’s one thing to see dogs acting like this, but ducklings? That’s something else.

While it’s not clear what the man does for a living, I’m pretty sure he has a lot of experience with ducks, as at one point he reveals a certificate for “father of ducklings” dated 2005.

1What can we learn from the video?

AThe ducklings just broke through their shells.

BThe man accidentally saved some ducklings.

CThe ducklings just obeyed the man naturally.

DThe man took pride in his ducklings.

2What’s the man’s purpose of raising the ducklings?

ATo make a living by performing.

BTo film a video to attract attention.

CTo free them into the wild one day.

DTo make a contribution to a bird reserve.

3Which of the following can best replace the underlined word “budge” in Paragraph 4?

AAttack.                                                     BMove.

CEnd.                                                         DStruggle.

4What can be the best title for the text?

A“Father” and “mother” of cute pets

BMan raises ducklings as his “children”

CDucklings also regarded as good pets

DAmazing bond between man and animals

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题型:阅读理解
知识点:其他
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更新时间:2021-01-18
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2.

    Van Gogh painted sunflowers for the first time in the summer of 1886.Two years later, his interest appeared again after he settled in Arles. After he had invited the French artist Paul Gauguin, whom he admired, to join his Studio of the South, he began painting sunflowers to brighten up the whitewashed walls of the yellow house he was living in, not far from the town’s railway station.

Gauguin accepted Van Gogh’s invitation. When he began dragging his heels(脚后跟), Van Gogh painted the last two of the four original Sunflowers for the modest bedroom where his guest would sleep following his arrival that autumn, “Van Gogh saw the Sunflowers for Gauguin’s bedroom as a way of attracting his friend to come from Brittany, “says Bailey.

According to Martin Gayford, “Gauguin was very surprised by the Sunflowers, which he repeatedly praised and asked for as a gift. Years later, Gauguin himself painted some sunflower pictures.”

Van Gogh’s Sunflowers stand for (代表)his relationship with Gauguin. “I think he painted them for the joy of it,” says Jansen. “Van Gogh was at the height of his powers in the summer of 1888,”explains Bailey. “He painted the Sunflowers quickly and with great energy and confidence.” Van Gogh wrote to his brother Theo in late August, “I’m painting quickly now, which won’t surprise you when it’s a question of painting large Sunflowers.”

Van Gogh recognized at once that he had created something important and that his sunflowers were so different. As he told Theo in January 1889, while other artists were known for painting other flowers, “The sunflower is mine.” This, in fact, explains the reason for the popularity of Van Gogh’s Sunflowers today.

1Van Gogh painted sunflowers in 1888 in order to ________.

Agive them to Gauguin                                 Bmake his living

Cdecorate his house                                      Dshow his artistic talent to others

2Where were the last two Sunflowers placed by Van Gogh? ________.

AIn the British museum                                BIn Gauguin’s bedroom

CIn the town’s railway station                        DIn a rich businessman's house

3How did Gauguin feel about Van Gogh’s painting——the Sunflowers? ________.

AVery bad                                                   BJust so­so

CRather worried                                          DQuite surprised

4From the last two paragraphs we can learn that ________.

AVan Gogh was not good at painting large Sunflowers

BVan Gogh had much trouble in painting the Sunflowers

CVan Gogh didn’t like his Sunflowers at all at that time

DVan Gogh realized the Sunflowers would make him known

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题型:阅读理解
知识点:社会
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更新时间:2021-01-18
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3.

    When going through major life changes, like changing careers, I would change the people with whom I spent the most time. We’ve all gone through periods when the people in our lives have changed—graduation, moving to a new city, getting a new job, joining a new club, etc. I don’t think I need to convince you just how much influence other people can have over your identity. If you’ve ever experienced a major switch in your people environment, then you know that you change as well.

Most people don’t make these choices consciously though. You might consciously decide to spend more time with a certain friend, or you may ask someone out on a date to begin a new relationship. But few people choose their existing friendships deliberately.

There’s no “getting rid of people”. People are always dropping into and out of each other’s lives. Associations grow into friendships, and friendships fade into associations. You don’t get rid of anyone. The truth is that in order to make room for new people and new experiences, you may need to loosen up some of your existing connections.

What about loyalty? Shouldn’t you always be loyal to your friends? Once you have a close friend, even if their influence on you is slightly harmful, shouldn’t you stick by them?

Loyalty to a friend sometimes means having to let go. It means being loyal to their highest and best as well. If someone is destroying his health by smoking, for example, you aren’t showing loyalty by smoking right along with him. True loyally sometimes requires that you break damaging connections, get yourself back on solid ground, and then decide what you can really do to help your friend.

It can take a lot of courage to tell someone, “I’m sorry, but I can’t have you in my life anymore." But even though this might seem like a selfish act at times, it’s often the best thing for the other person too. If a relationship is holding you back in some way, understand that it is also hurting the other person. For example, if you work for a violent boss, your acceptance of that situation is considered to be silent approval, encouraging your boss to continue to behave violently.

1When experiencing major life changes, people may ________.

Ajoin a new social community                       Binfluence their friends around

Cchoose their friendships purposely               Dhave their people environment changed

2What can be concluded from Paragraph 3 in the passage?

AEveryone has at least one friend.

BFriendship still exists though there’s less connection.

CIt is unnecessary to make new friends.

DYou ought to treat your old and new friend equally.

3What is the author’s opinion on the loyalty to friends?

ANever betray your close friends whatever happens.

BCorrect their mistakes while you guard their goodness.

CStick by your friends even though they do harm lo you.

DBreak up with your friends immediately if they smoke.

4How should we behave when employed by a violent boss?

AWe should accept what we are told to do.

BWe should stay silent and be in favor of it.

CWe should bravely disobey him if he is wrong.

DWe should give our boss courage to continue.

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题型:阅读理解
知识点:家庭、朋友与周围的人
难度:
使用次数:106
更新时间:2021-01-18
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4.

    Behind most of the bad things we do to our bodies as adults, eating more than we should is the idea we carry with us from childhood. On one hand, we assume that we are indestructible. On the other hand, we think that any damage we impose on ourselves can be undone when wβfinally clean up our act.

If the evidence for how wrong the first idea is isn’t apparent when you stand naked in front of the mirror, just wait. But what if you eat right and drop all your bad habits? Is there still time to repair the damage?

To a surprising degree, the answer is yes. Over the past five years, scientists have collected a wealth of data about what happens when aging people with bad habits decide to turn their lives around.

The heartening conclusion: the body has an amazing ability to heal itself, provided the damage is not too great.

The effects of some bad habits-smoking, in particular-can haunt you for decades. But the damage from other habits can be largely healed.

Any time you improve your behavior and make lifestyle changes, they make a difference from that point on.says Dr. Jeffey Koplan.Maybe not right away. Its like slamming on the brakes. You do need a certain distance.”

But the distance can be remarkably short. Consider the recent announcements from the front lines of medical research: ---A study concluded that women who consume as little as two servings of fish a week cut their risk of suffering a stroke to half that of women who eat less than one serving of fish a month. ---The day you quit smoking, the carbon monoxide levels in your body drop dramatically. Within weeks, your blood becomes less sticky and your risk of dying from a heart attack starts to decline ... Adopting healthy habits won’t cure all that bothers you, of course. But doctors believe that many chronic diseases-from high blood pressure to heart disease and even some cancers-can be warded off with a few sensible changes in lifestyle.

Not sure where to start? Surprisingly, it doesn’t matter, since one positive change usually leads to another. Make enough changes, and you'll discover you’ve adopted a new way of life.

1Most people with bad habits of eating more than they should believe that        .

Atheir bodies cannot be damaged by the bad habits

Bthey can force themselves to clean up the had habits later

Ctheir bodies can heal all the damage without the help from outside

Dthey can never change the habits that have developed for decades

2The evidence against the assumption that we are indestructible        .

Ais seldom apparent                                     Bis clearly shown in the mirror

Cis still a question                                        Dwill appear obvious sooner or later

3According to the recent announcements        .

Awomen should eat as much fish as possible

Bmen don’t have to eat as much fish as women

Ceating a little more fish can improve women’s health

Dwomen are at a higher risk of suffering a stroke than men

4It is implied in the passage that        .

Athe blood of smokers is more sticky than that of non-smokers

Bchronic diseases can be cured ifwe drop our habit of smoking

Csmokers have lower levels of carbon monoxide than non-smokers

Dsmokers will be unlikely to die from heart attack if they quit smoking

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题型:阅读理解
知识点:日常活动
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使用次数:153
更新时间:2021-01-18
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5.

    When a big exam is coming up, you probably feel anxious about any wasted time and want to begin school as soon as you probably can.

But tens of thousands of British high school students will soon be getting up later. They’re taking part in a new experiment by Oxford University to see if later classes can improve their exam results.

Grades 10 students in the UK have to take the nationwide General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) exams. They have to pass these exams in order to study more advanced courses, and later apply for universities.

The Oxford University project means that GCSE students from more than 100 schools across England will start school at 10 am, more than one hour later than the current start time (8:50 am).

The project is based on scientific evidence that teenagers are “out of sync(同步)” with traditional school hours, the Telegraph reported. And what they need is more sleep in the morning.

“We know that something funny happens when you’re a teenager, in that you seem to be out of sync with the world,” said professor Colin Epsie, who is leading the study. “Your parents think it’s because you are lazy and opinionated(固执己见的)and everything will be OK if you could get to sleep earlier. But science is telling us that teenagers need to sleep more in the mornings.”

Everyone follows a natural cycle of sleep and wakefulness. Biology has decided that teenagers go to sleep around midnight and don’t feel fully awake until 9-10 am, according to scientists. That’s two hours later than adults. And their body clocks stay like this until the age of around 21 for males, and 19 for females.

“Society provides school for learning, but the brain provides sleep. So we are exploring the possibility that if you delay the schools start time until 10 am, that will improve learning performance,” said Epsie.

The results could be positive, based on previous studies.

An early study at the UK’s Monkseaton High School in 2009 found that starting an hour later improved grades in core subjects by 19 percent.

The Oxford project is expecting to publish the results in 2018. It’s time to wait and see whether scientists will give us an excuse to get up late.

1According to the article, students who take part in the Oxford University project_______.

Awill start school one hour earlier

Bwill be guaranteed more sleeping time in the morning

Cwill perform better academically than those who don’t participate

Dwill no longer have to take GCSE exams

2We can infer from the article that ________ .

Achildren and adults have different natural cycles of sleep and wakefulness

Bgetting up late is a sign of laziness in the eyes of most British parents

Cthe Oxford University project is targeted at all British high schools

Dthere is still no scientific evidence that supports a late school start time

3What is the author’s attitude toward the Oxford University project ?

ACritical                                                     BUninterested

COptimistic                                                 DDoubtful

4What’s the best title of the article ?

AIt’s never too late to learn                           BAn excuse to get up late

CThe later you get up, the better you’ll learn   DWake up late to excel

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题型:阅读理解
知识点:社会
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更新时间:2021-01-18
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6.

  If something that you’re doing doesn’t challenge you, then it doesn’t change you. We all need some normal stress in our lives, after all.1 So challenge the following limits:

1. Figure out what you’re scared of and do it continuously.

If you’re a salesman, and you’re scared of talking to people personally or over the phone now, instead of being scared and thinking you’ll fail, spend at least five minutes a day to pick up the phone and make a call.2 But don’t stop on the first try! Eventually, you can look at fear in the eye and say, “Go on. I’m not scared!”

2. Take a class for a hobby you’ve been wanting to develop

Make sure this hobby is not linked to your career; you have to relax and relieve your stress while performing this.3Apart from helping you challenge yourself, taking a class for your hobby may also give you extra income.

3. Set aside at least nine minutes a day for physical exercise.

4A simple 9-minute run around your neighborhood can do wonders for yourself. Exercise can not only help you maintain your regular weight, but also make you feel better about yourself.

4. Travel and allow yourself to be interested in new people.

Don’t just limit yourself to your fellow travelers—try to connect with the service staff. You never know what kind of people they’re going to be. Get out of your house or go online right now to book your class.5

AYou should do it continuously.

BSomeone may hang up on you.

CYou don’t need to go to the gym.

DRunning in the gym may be a better choice.

E.Start to travel now and learn to challenge yourself.

F.Some examples might be cooking, sewing, painting and so on.

G.You can never see any improvement if you stick to your comfort zone.

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题型:阅读理解
知识点:其他
三、阅读填空(共1题)
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更新时间:2021-01-18
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1.

During the Spring Festival, my parents and some of my relatives gave me some gift money. What should I do1the money? I had attempted2(have) a new coat. I3(imagine) wearing a pair of Nike sports shoes. With the gift money I could afford to buy4I wanted. 5, I soon gave up the idea because I knew I was still a student at school.

Besides, my parents always lived6simple life. Their money was not7(easy) earned. Thinking of this, I decided to open a savings account at a bank the following day. My parents were very8(please) with my idea. From now on, I’ll make both9(end) meet as a student financially supported by my parents. I am looking forward to my dream10(realize )one day with the money through my hard work.

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题型:阅读填空
知识点:其他
四、作文(共2题)
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更新时间:2021-01-18
组卷/试题篮
1.

假定你是李华,现在是华南师范大学(South China Normal University)大一新生,你高三时在王老师的帮助下,英语进步很大,为表示感谢,给王老师写一封感谢信。要点如下:

1. 梦想成真,考上理想大学。

2. 因为王老师的辅导和鼓励,英语由差变好。

3. 对老师表示祝福。

注意:1. 词数100左右。

2. 可以适当增加细节以使行文连贯。

3.开头和结尾已给出,但不计入总词数。

Dear Mr.Wang,

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Yours,

Li Hua

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题型:作文
知识点:学校生活
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2.

假设你是红星中学高三学生李华。请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,写一篇英文周记,记录上周你们班级参加学校红五月合唱比赛的全过程。

注意:词数不少于60

提示词:红五月歌咏比赛 theRed in May Chorus Contest

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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题型:作文
知识点:学校生活
五、短文改错(共1题)
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使用次数:295
更新时间:2021-01-18
组卷/试题篮
1.

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(,并在此符号下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

It can be seen from the picture that Mr. Liu, that wears a mask, was walking his dog. Interestingly, his dog also wears a mask.

In recent year, air pollution has become more and more serious in some areas, which have led to severe consequences. To solve this problem, firstly of all, we should raise the public awareness of protecting the environment. Secondly, the government ought punish the illegal acts of polluting the environment severe. Thirdly, we must do our best to protecting the environment in our daily life. Only in this way can human beings and animals share with a pleasant planet or live a happy life.

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题型:短文改错
知识点:其他
试卷统计
试题总数:
11
总体难度:
中等
题型统计
大题类型
题目数
占比
完型填空
1
9.09%
阅读理解
6
54.54%
阅读填空
1
9.09%
作文
2
18.18%
短文改错
1
9.09%
知识点统计
知识点
题目数
占比
学校生活
3
27.27%
其他
4
36.36%
社会
2
18.18%
家庭、朋友与周围的人
1
9.09%
日常活动
1
9.09%
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