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2011年山东考试试题及答案
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1.

    Alfred Nobel became a millionaire and changed the ways of miningconstructionand warfare as the inventor of dynamite(炸药)On April 121888Alfred's brother Ludwig died of heart attackA major French newspaper _21_ his brother for him and carried an article  _22_ the death of Alfred Nobel.“The merchant of death is dead.”the article read.“DrAlfred Nobelwho became  _23_  by finding ways to kill more people faster than ever beforedied yesterday.”Nobel was _24_ to find out not that he had diedbut thatwhen his time was uphe would be thought of only as one who profited from _25_ and destruction

    To make sure that he was _26_ with love and respectNobel arranged in his _27_ to give the largest part of his money to _28_ the Nobel prizeswhich would be awarded to people who made great _29_ to the causes of peaceliteratureand the sciencesSo _30_ Nobel had to die before he realized what his life was really about

 

21Afound

 Bmisunderstood

Cmistook

 Djudged

22Aintroducing

Bannouncing

 Cimplying

 Dadvertising

23Afamous

 Bsick

 Crich

 Dpopular

24Aupset

Banxious

 Cexcited

 Dpleased

25Adeath

Bdisease

 Ctrouble

 Dattack

26Arepaid

 Bdescribed

 Csupported

 Dremembered

27Abook

Barticle

Cwill

 Dcontract

28Aestablish

 Bform

Cdevelop

 Dpromote

29Aadditions

 Bsacrifices

 Cchanges

 Dcontributions

30Agenerally

 Bbasically

 Cusually

 Dcertainly

 

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3.

    Lisa was running lateLisa25had a lot to do at workplus visitors on the wayher parents were coming in for Thanksgiving from her hometownBut as she hurried down the subway stairsshe started to feel uncomfortably warmBy the time she got to the platformLisa felt weak and tired--maybe it hadn’t been a good idea to give blood the night beforeshe thoughtShe rested herself against a post close to the tracks

    Several yards awayFrank43and his girlfriendJenniferfound a spot close to where the front of the train would stopThey were deep in discussion about a house they were thinking of buying

    But when he heard the screamfollowed by someone yelling,“Ohmy Godshe fell in!Frank didn’t hesitateHe jumped down to the tracks and ran some 40 feet toward the body lying on the rails.“No! Not you!his girlfriend screamed after him

    She was right to be alarmedBy the time Frank reached Lisahe could feel the tracks shaking and see the light comingThe train was about 20 seconds from the station

    It was hard to lift herShe was just outBut he managed to raise her the four feet to the platform so that bystanders could hold her by the arms and drag her away from the edgeThat was where Lisa briefly regained consciousnessfelt herself being pulled along the groundand saw someone else holding her purse

    Lisa thought she’d been robbedA woman held her hand and a man gave his shirt to help stop the blood pouring from her headAnd she tried to talk but she couldn’tand that was when she realized how much pain she was in

    Police and fire officials soon arrivedand Frank told the story to an officerJennifer said her boyfriend was calm on their 40-minute train ride downtown---just as he had been seconds after the rescuewhich made her think about her reaction at the time.“I saw the train coming and I was thinking he was going to die,”she explained

41What was the most probable cause for Lisa’s weakness?

    AShe had run a long way

    BShe felt hot in the subway

    CShe had done a lot of work

    DShe had donated blood the night before

42Why did Jennifer try to stop her boyfriend?

    ABecause they would miss their train

    BBecause he didn’t see the train coming

    CBecause she was sure Lisa was hard to lift

    DBecause she was afraid the train would kill him

43How did Frank save Lisa?

    ABy lifting her to the platform

    BBy helping her rise to her feet

    CBy pulling her along the ground

    DBy dragging her away from the edge

44When did Lisa become conscious again?

    AWhen the train was leaving

    BAfter she was back on the platform

    CAfter the police and fire officials came

    DWhen a man was cleaning the blood from her head

45The passage is intended to _____________

    Awarn us of the danger in the subway

    Bshow US how to save people in the subway

    Ctell US about a subway rescue

    Dreport a traffic accident

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4.

    We once had a poster competition in our fifth grade art class

    You could win prizes”our teacher told us as she wrote the poster information on the blackboardShe passed out sheets of construction paper while continuing,“The first prize is ten dollarsYou just have to make sure that the words on the blackboard appear somewhere on your poster.”

    We studied the board criticallySome of us looked with one eye and held up certain colors against the blackboardrocking the sheets to the right or left while we conjured up our designsOthers twisted their hair around their fingers or chewed their erasers while deep in thoughtWe had plans for that ten-dollar grand prize, each and every one of usI'm going to spend mine on candiesone hopeful would announcewhile another practiced looking seriouswise and rich

    Everyone in the class made a posterSome of us used parts of those fancy paper napkins, while others used nothing but colored construction paperSome of US used big designsand some of us preferred to gather our art tidily down in one comer of our poster and let the space draw the viewer's attention to itSome of US would wander past the good students’ desks and then return to our own projects with a growing sense of hopelessnessIt was yet another grown-up trick of the sort they seemed especially fond of, making all of us believe we had a fair chance, and then always    always--rewarding the same old winners

    I believe I drew a sailboatbut I can’t say that with any certainty. I made itI admired itI determined it to be the very best of all of the posters I had seenand then I turned it in

    Minutes passed

    No one came along to give me the grand prizeand then someone distracted meand I probably never would have thought about that poster again

    I was still sitting at my deskthinking. What poster? when the teacher gave me an envelope with a ten-dollar bill in it and everyone in the class applauded for me

 

46What was the teacher's requirement for the poster?

    AIt must appear in time

    BIt must be done in class

    CIt must be done on a construction sheet

    DIt must include the words on the blackboard

47The underlined phrase in paragraph 3 most probably means _____________

    Aformed an idea for

    Bmade an outline for

    Cmade some space for

    Dchose some colors for

48After the teacher’s wordsall the students in the class _________

    Alooked very serious

    Bthought they would be rich

    Cbegan to think about their designs

    Dbegan to play games

49After seeing the good students’ designs, some students _________

    Aloved their own designs more

    Bthought they had a fair chance

    Cput their own designs in a comer

    Dthought they would not win the prize

50We can infer from the passage that the author ______________

    Aenjoyed grownup tricks very much

    B10ved poster competitions very much

    Cfelt surprised to win the competition

    Dbecame wise and rich after the competition

 

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5.

    A few years ago I had anaha!moment regarding handwriting

    I had in my hand a sheet of paper with handwritten instructions on it for some sort of editorial taskIt occurred at first that I did not recognize the handwritingand then I realized whose it must beI finally became aware of the fact that I had been working with this colleague for at least a yearmaybe twoand yet I did not recognize her handwriting at that point

    It was a very important event in the computerization of lifea sign that the informalfriendly communication of people working together in an office had changed from notes in pen to instant messages and emailsThere was a time when our workdays were filled with little lettersand we recognized one another's handwriting the way we knew voices or faces

    As a child visiting my father’s officeI was pleased to recognizein little notes on the desks of his staffthe same handwriting I would see at home in the notes he would leave on the fridge except that those notes were signeddadinstead ofRFW”.

    All this has been on my mind because of the talk about The Rise and Fall of Handwritinga book by FloreyShe shows in her book a deep concern about the fall of handwriting and the failure of schools to teach children to write wellbut many others argue that people in a digital age can’t be expected to learn to hold a pen

    I don’t buy it

    I don’t want to see anyone cut off from the expressivepersonal associations that a pen still promotes better than a digital keyboard doesFor many a biographerpart of really getting to know their subjects is learning to read their handwriting

    What some people advocate is teaching one of the many attractive handwritings based on the handwriting of 16thcentury ItalyThat may sound impossibly grandas if they want kids to learn to draw by copying classical paintingsHoweverthey have worked in many school systems

51Why was the author surprised at not recognizing his colleague’s handwriting?

    AHe had worked with his colleague long enough

    BHis colleague’s handwriting was so beautiful

    CHis colleague’s handwriting was so terrible

    DHe still had a lot of work to do

52People working together in an office used to ____________

    Atalk more about handwriting

    Btake more notes on workdays

    Cknow better one another's handwriting

    Dcommunicate better with one another

53The author’s father wrote notes in pen _________

    Ato both his family and his staff

    Bto his family in small letters

    Cto his family on the fridge

    Dto his staff on the desk

54According to the authorhandwritten notes _______

    Aare harder to teach in schools

    Battract more attention

    Care used only between friends

    Dcarry more message

55We can learn from the passage that the author __________

    Athinks it impossible to teach handwriting

    Bdoes not want to lose handwriting

    Cputs the blame on the computer

    Ddoes not agree with Florey

 

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6.

    阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选项字母涂黑。

    首先请阅读下列儿童读物的封面及基本信息:

   

I Heard It Alice Zucchimi: Poems About the Garden

Junnita Havill

Illustrated by Christine Davenier

2006, Chronicle Books, $15.95. ages 4 to 8. Reviewer: Jean Boreen, Ph. D.

   

Busy in the Garden

George Shannon

Pictures by Sam Williams

2006. Greenwillow/ HarperCollins. $15.99 and $ 16.89

Ages 3-5. Reviewer: Sheilah Egan.

 

   

The Biggest Fish in the Lake

Margaret Garney

Illustrated by Janet Wilson

2001, Kids Can Press, $ 15.95. Ages 4 to 8. Reviewer: Sue Reichard.

 

   

The Little Fish that Got Away

Bernadine Cook

Illustrations by Crockett Johnson

2005 (orig, 1956), HarperCollins, $14.99. Ages 3 to 7. Reviewer: Barbara I. Talcroft.

   

A Grand Old Tred

Mary Newell Depalma

2006, Arthur A Levine Books/Scholastic, $ 16.99. Ages 2 to 5.

   

Tree of life: the incredible biodiversity of life on earth

Rochelle Strauss

Illustrated by Margot Thompson

2004, Toronto: Kids Can Press, $16.95. Grades 3-6.

 

下面是这些书的简要内容。请把相关的内容与它们的书名匹配起来。

56. This picture book explores the life of a tree that has deep rootslong armsand many children. She provides shelter for many animals and bears fruit. The author uses colorful, simpleyet detailed watercolor illustrations to convey her words. The charming pictures show the many aspects in the life of a tree down to the caterpillars that eat the leaves. It is good for pre-school children.

57. This charming picture book highlights the life of a gardenfrom planting seeds to harvesting. With the narrator as guidethe reader is led through a variety of free verse and occasionally rhymed poems that fill in the story of a garden and its inhabitants. The pictures. delightful watercolors in bright pastelsadd to the whimsical feel of the poems. Young readers will certainly enjoy this fun and fanciful text.

58. This is a story from 1956 which introduces a little boy who likes to go fishing with a tree limb a womanand a pin. Although he never catches anythingon this particular day he finally does hook three big onesbut the little one gets away. The boy pulls them home in his wagon and his mother cooks them for supper. The swinging rhythms of the text and the good humor evident in the illustrations remain fun for the youngest readers.

59. This usefulattractiveoversize volume uses its height wellemploying a tree metaphor to show the earth’s various kinds of life and how all living things. from bacteria to the largest mammalsare related. Each spread covers one branch of the animal kingdom. To make the enormity of species understandable. Strauss equates individual speciese. g. 1 0000 bacteriawith one leaf on the tree.

60. This is a story about how a grandfather teaches his eager granddaughter to catch speckled trout from the stream in springtime. After a whole day on the lakeonly Grandpa is lucky. The next morning the young fisherman hurries to the dock aloneand soon she hooks the catch of a lifetime. Young readers will appreciate this story that celebrates the special bond between the older and younger generationwhile brilliant watercolor illustrations capture the beauty of the natural world

 

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8.

阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇150字左右的英语短文。

Jackie is perhaps the most easily annoyed koala(考拉) at the Featherdale Wildlife Park in southern Australia. All the koalas there are unhappy and complaining. You would be too if you were used to might activities and someone kept waking you up all day while you were trying to sleep it off. That’s rightsleep it off. The average koala is always half asleep because it feeds on the leaves of a special kind that make it sleepy.

     The reason Jackie and her fellow koalas are repeatedly awoken from their deep sleep is so they can be hugged and photographed by tourists, who make the trips to Featherdale and an increasing number of other national parks for just that special experience. Whatever department in the Aussie government in charge of such things is now moving to make the practice illegal, which is understandable. How would you react, my friend, if you were trying to sleep off a dozen times and some round, furry creatures smelling of grass kept waking you?  *考拉即树袋熊

 写作内容

1.       以约30个词概括这段短文的内容;

2.       然后以120个词就“该不该禁止游客和动物拍照”进行议论,内容包括:

(1)     人们在参观动物园时为什么喜欢和动物拍照;

(2)     假如你处在那些动物的处境,你会有什么反应;

(3)     你认为是否应该禁止和动物拍照。

 写作要求

1. 在作文中可以使用自己亲身的经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容但不得直接引用原文中的句子;

         2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。

 评分标准

     概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,篇章连贯。

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10.

One day a farmer's donkey fell down into a well. The animal cried    21    for hours as the farmer tried to    22    what to do. Finally, he    23    the animal was old and the well needed to be covered up    24   ; it just wasn't    25    to retrieve the donkey. He invited all his neighbors to come over and help him. They all grabbed a shovel and began to shovel dirt into the well29    is going to shovel dirt on you, all kinds of dirt. The    30    to getting out of the well is to shake it off and take a step up. Each of our troubles is a stepping stone. We can get out of the deepest wells juts by not stopping, never giving up! Shake it off and take a step up! Ks5u

. KsAt first, the donkey realized what was happening and cried horribly. Then, to everyone's amazement, he    26    down. A few shovel loads later, the farmer finally looked down the well and was    27    at what he saw.    28    every shovel of dirt that hit his back, the donkey was doing something amazing. He would shake it off and take a step up. As the farmer's neighbors continued to shovel dirt on top of the animal, he would shake it off and take a step up. Pretty soon, everyone was amazed as the donkey stepped up over the edge of the well and trotted off! Ks5u

29    is going to shovel dirt on you, all kinds of dirt. The    30    to getting out of the well is to shake it off and take a step up. Each of our troubles is a stepping stone. We can get out of the deepest wells juts by not stopping, never giving up! Shake it off and take a step up! Ks5u

21. A. sympathetically         B. piteously     C. mysteriously      D. hopelessly Ks5u

22. A. turn out                 B. find out       C. figure out        D. look out Ks5u

23. A. suggested     B. decided     C. proposed    D. decided on Ks5u

24. A. however      B. with  C. still     D. anyway Ks5u

25. A. worth it      B. worth of it  C. worth D. worthy Ks5u

  26. A. silenced       B. quited  C. quieted       D. silent Ks5u

   27. A. satisfied       B. astonished  C. shocking    D. wondered 、

  28. A. Since    B. Though    C. With   D. Through

  29. A. Life      B. People      C. Others       D. Someone 、

 30. A. tool      B. trick  C. way    D. method Ks5u

 

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11.

One day a farmer's donkey fell down into a well. The animal cried    21    for hours as the farmer tried to    22    what to do. Finally, he    23    the animal was old and the well needed to be covered up    24   ; it just wasn't    25    to retrieve the donkey. He invited all his neighbors to come over and help him. They all grabbed a shovel and began to shovel dirt into the well.  

At first, the donkey realized what was happening and cried horribly. Then, to everyone's amazement, he    26    down. A few shovel loads later, the farmer finally looked down the well and was    27    at what he saw.    28    every shovel of dirt that hit his back, the donkey was doing something amazing. He would shake it off and take a step up. As the farmer's neighbors continued to shovel dirt on top of the animal, he would shake it off and take a step up. Pretty soon, everyone was amazed as the donkey stepped up over the edge of the well and trotted off!  

29    is going to shovel dirt on you, all kinds of dirt. The    30    to getting out of the well is to shake it off and take a step up. Each of our troubles is a stepping stone. We can get out of the deepest wells juts by not stopping, never giving up! Shake it off and take a step up!  

21. A. sympathetically  

B. piteously

C. mysteriously

D. hopelessly  

22. A. turn out

B. find out

C. figure out

D. look out  

23. A. suggested

B. decided

C. proposed

D. decided on  

24. A. however

B. with

C. still

D. anyway  

25. A. worth it

B. worth of it

C. worth

D. worthy  

26. A. silenced

B. quited

C. quieted

D. silent  

27. A. satisfied

B. astonished

C. shocking

D. wondered  

28. A. Since

 B. Though

C. With

D. Through  

29. A. Life

 B. People

C. Others

D. Someone  

30. A. tool

 B. trick

C. way

D. method  

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12.

A professor gave his graduates students this assignment: Go to the slums (贫民窟). Take 200 boys,   31   the ages of 12 and 16, investigate their background and environment, and then predict their chances for the future. The students, after consulting social statistics, talking to the boys, and compiling much data,   32   conclude that 90 percent of the boys would spend some time in jail. Twenty years later another group of students   33   give the job of testing the prediction. They went back to the   34   area. The boys were now men. Some still lived there, many had died, the others had moved away,   35   the researchers finally contacted 180 of the original 200. Their findings showed that only four of the group had ever been sent to jail. Why was it   36   these men, who had lived in a breeding place of crime, had such a   37   surprise good record? The researchers were told: “There was a teacher…” They finally found that in 75 percent of the cases it was the same women. The researchers went to her, now   38   live in a house for retired teachers. How had she exerted this remarkable influence on that group of children? Could she give them any reason   39   these boys still remembered her? “No,” she said, “no, I really couldn’t.” And then, thinking back over the years, she said musing (沉思)   40   to herself than to her questioners, “I loved those boys…”  

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13.

In western countries, young people sometimes take a “gap year”, a year off between high school and college.   

Charles Deacon, dean of admissions at Georgetown University in Washington, D. C. says the most common reason is to have a chance to travel.  But he says international students may take a gap year to meet requirements at home for military duty.  

Some high school graduates see a year off as a chance to recover after twelve years of required education. But it can also give students a chance to explore their interests. Students who think they want to be doctors, for example, could learn about the profession by volunteering in a hospital for a year.   

Many colleges and universities support gap-year projects by permitting students to delay their admission. Experts say students can grow emotionally and intellectually as they work at something they enjoy.  

The Harvard admissions office has an essay on its Web site called “Time Out or Burn Out for the Next Generation”. It praises the idea of taking time off to step back, think and enjoy gaining life experiences outside the pressure of studies.  

Of course, a gap year is not for everyone. Students might miss their friends who go on directly to college. And parents might worry that their children will decide not to go to college once they take time off.  

Another concern is money. A year off , away from home , can be costly.   

Holly Bull is the president of the Centre for Interim Programmes.  Her company specializes in helping students plan their gap year. She notes that several books have been written about this subject. She says these books along with media attention and the availability of information on the Internet have increased interest in the idea of a year off.  

And she points out that many gap-year programmes cost far less than a year of college.  

 

41What would be the best title for the passage?  

A. A year off before college  

B. Better choice for high school students  

C. Time out or burn out  

D. Universities favour a “gap year”  

42. How many reasons are mentioned for high school students to take a “ gap year”  

A.  Two.     B.  Three.     C.  Four.      D. Five.   

43.  Experts support the gap―year projects because _________.   

A. students can be better prepared for college life emotionally and intellectually  

B. students have chances to fully enjoy themselves  

C. colleges and universities save lots of money through the delay of admission  

D. students can be more economically independent by working outside school  

44.  What does Holly Bull think of the idea of a “gap year”?  

A.  It is not suitable for all students.   

B.  It is beneficial for students.   

C.  It does not have practical value.   

D.  It may become a burden for the students’ family.   

45.  From the passage we can conclude that _______.   

A. the biggest concern about a year off for parents is money  

B. Harvard prefers a student with life experiences  

C. the idea of a year off now are not properly guided  

D. students taking a year off now are not properly guided  

  

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14.

So you thought the hamburger was the world’s most popular fast food? After all, McDonald’s Golden Arches span the globe. But no, there is another truly universal fast food, the ultimate(极好的)fast food. It’s easy to make, easy to serve, much more varied that the hamburger, can be eaten with the hands, and it’s delivered to your front door or served in fancy restaurants. It’s been one of America’s favourite foods for over 50 years. It is, of course, the pizza.  

It’s kind of silly to talk about the moment when pizza was “invented”. It gradually evolved over the years, but one thing’s for certain―it’s been around for a very long time. The idea of using pieces of flat, round bread as plates came from the Greeks. The called them ‘plakuntos’ and ate them with various simple toppings such as oil, garlic, onions, and herbs. The Romans enjoyed eating something similar and called it ‘picea’. By about 1000 a.d. in the city of Naples, ‘picea’ had become ‘pizza’ and people were experimenting with more toppings: cheese, ham, anchovies, and finally the tomato, brought to Italy from Mexico and Peru in the sixteenth century. Naples became the pizza capital of the world. In 1889, King Umbertoand Queen Margherita heard about pizza and asked to try it. They invited pizza maker, Raffele Esposito, to make it for them. He decided to make the pizza like the Italian flag, so he used red tomatoes, white mozzarella cheese, and green basil leaves. The Queen loved it and the new pizza was named ‘Pizza Margherita’ in her honour.  

Pizza migrated to America with the Italians at the end of the nineteenth century. The first pizzeria in the United States was opened in 1905 at 53 Spring Street, New York City, by Gennaro Lombardi. But the popularity of pizza really exploded when American soldiers returned from Italy after World War and raved about ‘that great Italian dish’. Americans are now the greatest producers and consumers of pizza in the world.  

 

46. When did pizza become really popular in the United States?  

A. after 1945         B. at the end of nineteenth century    C. in 1905                     D. in 1889  

47. What do the Italian flag and a Pizza Margherita have in common?  

A. There is a picture of a Pizza Margherita on the flag.  

B. They have the same colours.  

C.      Both of them represent Italy.  

D.     They are as popular as each other in Italy.  

48. Which one is the correct timeline of the evolvement of pizza?  

A.      pizza, plakuntos, picea  

B.      picea, plakuntos, pizza  

C.      plakuntos, pizza, picea  

D.     plakuntos, picea, pizza  

49. Why are Mexico and Peru important in the development of pizza?  

A.  Because pizza was invented in these countries.  

B.  Because the people in these countries are the greatest consumers of pizza in the world.  

C.  Because one kind of toppings was brought to Italy from these countries.  

D.  Because pizza first became popular in these two countries.  

50. Which one is the best title for the passage?  

E.      McDonald’s and Pizza  

F.      The Popularity of Pizza in the United States  

G.     Global Pizza  

H.      How to Make Pizza  

  

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15.

Even though orbiters have eyed it from space and landers have rumbled across its surface, Mars still has more secrets to reveal. Two findings emerged this week: the possibility of an active glacier far from the planet’s poles and evidence that sulfur―rather than carbon―was the element driving the planet’s warmer climate long ago. Both discoveries could force some rethinking about Martian evolution and dynamics―and maybe even provide insights about Earth’s past.  

The glacier discovery was announced Wednesday by the European Space Agency ESA. A high-resolution stereo camera aboard ESA’s Mars Express spacecraft spotted the feature in a region called Deuteronilus Mensae, located in the mid-north latitudes of the planet. The Mars Express science team drew the preliminary conclusion that the material in the feature is water ice and that it accumulated as recently as 10,000 years ago, probably from an underground source. Other deposits of water ice have been mapped at the martian poles, but they’re much bigger and are millions of years old. The find is a surprise because the prevailing view is that any water reaching the martian surface from underground quickly evaporates(蒸发)and eventually drifts into space. Yet all of the physical characteristics of the feature are “consistent with that of a glacier,” says geologist and team member Ronald Greeley of Arizona State University in Tempe.  

Meanwhile, in the 21 December issue of Science, a team from Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology offers a possible solution for the curious absence of carbon-based minerals on Mars. A buildup of carbon dioxide in the ancient martian atmosphere supposedly produced enough of a greenhouse effect to allow liquid water to flow for a time on the surface. The problem is that such a process should have deposited ample carbon-containing minerals on the planet’s surface―something that hasn’t been found. So the researchers have come up with a new explanation: Large amounts of sulfur dioxide SO2 in the atmosphere, the result of early volcanic activity, captured enough heat to allow water to flow. This would explain the plentiful distribution of sulfates among martian minerals.

 

  51. The main cause of the warm climate on Mars is _________.  

A. water ice     B. carbon     C. sulfur     D. active glacier  

52. Which of the following shows that the find of the glacier discovery is a surprise?  

A. Any water reaching the martian surface will quickly evaporate and drift into space.  

B. It is known to all water, or of similar physical characteristic can’t exist on the Mars.  

C. There seems to be an active glacier located in the mid-north latitudes of the Mars.  

D. The water ice accumulated at the martian poles is bigger than what it used to be.  

53. What can be learned from last paragraph?  

A. The researchers can clearly explain the reason for the absence of carbon-based minerals on Mars.  

B. The large amount of carbon dioxide led to greenhouse effect, which allowed the liquid water to flow.  

C. The sulfur dioxide, which led the water to flow, was produced by the volcano eruption long time ago.  

D. More than half of the minerals on Mars studied by the researchers at present are related to carbon.  

54. What is probably the title of the passage?  

A. The red planet still packs surprises          B. The possibility of a glacier on Mars  

C. The main key to the warmth on Mars      D. Water may exist on the mysterious planet  

55. Where does the passage probably come from?  

A. Travel & Fashion          B. Economy & Finance  

C. Animal & Botany           D. Nature & Astronomy  

  

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更新时间:2009-12-17
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16.

阅读下列图书馆的各个区域的相关信息,然后为每个人物选择相应的区域。请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选项字母涂黑。  

ABing Wing Carrels  

Study desks with a lockable storage compartment are located on the third floor of the Bing Wing of Green Library. Graduate students and Visiting Scholars are given priority for carrel assignments. Undergraduate students, if assigned, may use a carrel for one quarter at a time.  

  

BThe Velma Denning Room  

The Velma Denning Room provides a focused environment for the data and software services offered by Social Science Data and Software SSDS.SSDS provides access to an extensive collection of datasets from consortia, foreign governments, international organizations and U.S. agencies and offices on CD-ROM and diskette. Users can view, download, or transfer numeric data on CD-ROM and diskette from computer workstations.  

  

CBender Room  

The Albert M. Bender Room, with its wonderful views of the Quad and the hills beyond the campus, offers comfortable seating and a quiet atmosphere for study, leisure reading, and reflection. The Bender Room contains a collection of good books of current and classic interest in fiction and non-fiction. This collection has been made possible by a generous gift from the Stanford University Bookstore.  

  

DLane Reading Room  

The Lane Reading Room, houses the Humanities and Area Studies Resource Center. From the beginning, the room has served as a reading room, first for general purposes, and later for the study of rare books and manuscripts(手稿). Traditional study and reading space is now complemented by Internet access available from all seating in the room and computer workstations. The Lane Reading Room houses the Humanities Digital Information Service formerly the Academic Text Service, which provides access to SUL/AIR's electronic library of humanities texts as well as to electronic indexes, publications, and the Internet.  

  

E Dissertation(专题论文) Rooms  

Dissertation Rooms are available to currently registered doctoral students. Priority is given to those students in the Humanities and Social Sciences who use the Green Library collections. Because the rooms are in high demand, all rooms are double-assigned and are available only to students who are both currently registered and advanced to candidacy.  

  

FJonsson Social Sciences Reading Room  

The Jonsson Social Sciences Reading Room is designed to facilitate a range of social science learning and research activities. A social science reference collection of over 15,000 volumes as well as classic texts, new and notable publications, and current issues of core journals in the social sciences are available. The Jonsson Reading Room is also home to the Social Sciences Resource Center computer cluster.  

  

人物信息:  

56. Lisa intends to go into studies on Humanities and Area Studies, and she is considering which specific question should be focused on. Rather than getting easy access to electronic texts, she would like to take a quick look at the new publications in the printed form first.  

  

57. Ali is on a visit to the university. He has been invited to stay on campus for 2 weeks. At the library, he may need a place that can be locked up to keep his belongings.  

  

58. Jack has finished his project on humanities. For several months he was seated in front of the computer screen writing his dissertation. Today he wants a change. A comfortable place with interesting novels, short stories, or even fairytales is most favorable.  

  

59. Ann, with a Master’s degree in Social Sciences, is one of the currently registered doctoral students. Her supervisor has asked her to search for some information in the SUL/AIR's electronic library. This is an urgent task.  

  

60. Nick is doing a research on the Middle East. He badly needs a wide range of datasets from the area. He also plans to store the data on CD-ROM so that he can use them later.  

  

信息匹配:为这几个人选择他们今天要去的区域。  

56.   Lisa           A.      Bing Wing Carrels  

57.   Ali             B.      The Velma Denning Room  

58.   Jack          C.      Bender Room  

59.   Ann           D.     Lane Reading Room  

60.   Nick          E.      Dissertation Rooms  

                                                                                              F. Jonsson Social Sciences Reading Room  

  

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17.

阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。  

[阅读材料]  

We Have Different Ideas!  

This may be the most important choice―the turning point in my life. Never before have I been so serious. For me, a Senior Three student, which university to choose is really a hard question, especially when I hold a completely different opinion from my parents.  

I’m longing for Beijing University for its long history, beautiful campus and academic atmosphere. Besides, it’s a good chance to experience a different culture.  

But to my great surprise, when my parents heard this, they are strongly against my idea. Moreover, I was shocked to find mum crying! She asked in tears, “Why don’t you stay in Guangzhou? So young a girl, how can you take good care of yourself? Beijing, oh! It’s too far away. What if I want to see you or you want to see me?” My father also asked me a serious question, “Are you sure you can find a good job in Guangzhou after graduation?”  

Actually, I’ve thought about all these. As an independent and active girl, I certainly can handle all the problems. I insist on my choice, but I really value my parents’ agreement.  

[写作内容]  

1. 概括短文要点,字数为30词左右;  

2. 假设你是这位学生的班主任,该生向你求助,希望你能帮她说服她的父母,请写下你要对家长说的话,字数为120词左右,至少包括以下内容:  

1)客观分析去外地读大学和留在广州读大学的利与弊;  

2)陈述你支持这位学生的理由。  

  

[写作要求]  

1. 在作文中可以使用自己亲身目睹的或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容但不得直接引用原文中的句子;  

2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。  

3. 标题自拟。  

[评分标准]  

概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,篇章连贯。  

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知识点:书面表达 单元测试
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