• 难度: 使用次数:18 入库时间:2017-02-02

    As early as the mid-18th century, some people began raising doubts about Marco Polo’s travels. In 1995, historian Frances Wood argued in her book Did Marco Polo Go to China? that the famous explorer from Venice never made it to pass the Black Sea. She noted that his travel journal left out the Great Wall of China, chopsticks and tea drinking among other details.

    Furthermore, Chinese documents from Polo’s day made no mention of the explorer and his men. Last year, a team of Italian researchers became the latest to challenge Polo’s accounts. They said that evidence didn’t support his description of Kublai Khan’s Japanese invasions (侵略).

    Now, however, research by Hans Ulrich Vogel of Germany’s Tubingen University might help prove Marco Polo was true. In a new book Marco Polo Was in Chinathe professor of Chinese history tries to prove that Marco Polo spoke the truth. He suggests, for example, that Polo didn’t include the Great Wall in his book because it only achieved its great importance in the Ming Dynasty several hundred years later. Vogel further explains that Chinese records from the 13th and 14th centuries avoided setting down visits from Westerners.

    Historians before him have touched on these issues. But Vogel also relies on another evidence: the explorer’s very detailed descriptions of currency and salt production in the Yuan Dynasty. According to Vogel, Polo documented these aspects of Mongol Chinese culture in greater detail than any other of his time. This is a hint that Polo relied on his own powers of observation.

    Will we ever know whether Marco Polo traveled to China? Perhaps not, but the consequences of his real or fictional journey are still felt across the globe. One reader of The travels of Marco Polo was Christopher Columbus, who stepped upon the New World while following his idol’s footsteps.

    33. France Wood doubted Marco Polo’s travel’s to China because his description _______.

    A. missed some important culture of China

    B. covered so much about traders’ life

    C. was full of obvious mistakes

    D. seemed less detailed

    34. Vogel’s trust on Marco Polo is based on the argument that _______.

    a. The Great Wall didn’ t gain its importance then

    b. Records in the Yuan Dynasty mentioned Polo

    c. Polo mentioned the currency and salt

    d. Polo’s other works are believable

    e. Polo recorded what he saw in great detail

    A. a, b, d           B. a, c, d      C. a, e             D. bc

    35. Which of the following shows the structure of the text?

    答案

    ACB


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