• 难度: 使用次数:22 入库时间:2017-03-06

       BEIJING Oct 16 (Friday) (Xinhua)---The Chinese government will enact (……制成法律)more support policies to life the country’s 70 million poor people above the poverty line by 2020, President Xi Jinping pledged(保证)on Friday ahead of the 23rd International Day for the Eradication of Poverty.

    Addressing the Global Poverty Reduction and Development Forum in Beijing, Xi said China will work to fight the hard battle against poverty. In his speech, Xi drew on his personal experience in the 1960s working as a farmer in a small village in northwestern Shaanxi Province, where he was struck by the poor living conditions in rural China. But over the past several decades, China has made remarkable progress in poverty relief.

    China has lifted more than 600 million people out of poverty in the past 30 years, accounting for about 70 percent of those brought out of poverty worldwide. It was the first developing country to meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) target of reducing the population living in poverty by half ahead of the 2015 deadline. “Despite the achievements, China remains the world’s biggest developing country, and narrowing the urban-rural gap remains a big challenge for us,” Xi said.

    As of the end of 2014, China still had 70.17 million people in the countryside living below the country’s poverty line of 2,300 yuan (376 U. S. dollars) in annual income by 2010 price standards. The president said poverty alleviation will be a major part of China’s post-2015 agenda. While striving to reduce poverty at home, China has also actively supported the cause in other developing countries. Over the past 60 years, China has provided 166 countries and international organizations with nearly 400 billion yuan in assistance.

    China has also announced seven times it would exempt(免除), without any conditions, the matured inter-governmental interest free loans owned by heavily-indebted poor countries and least developed countries. At a United Nations summit last month the goal of eliminating poverty in 15 years was laid out and China pledged an initial 2 billion U.S. dollars to establish an assistance fund to help developing nations fight poverty.

    In a video message for Friday’s Forum, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon praised China’s remarkable achievements in poverty alleviation, saying the UN welcomes those significant and generous proposals from President Xi and looks forward to further progress with an indispensable partnership with China.

    Saturday also marks China’s second National Poverty Relief Day.

    28. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?

    A. President Xi once worked as a farmer in a small village.

    B. China has made great contributions to poverty relief in the past decades

    C. China has announced to exempt loans owned by heavily-indebted poor countries and developed countries

    D. The UN thinks highly of China’s extraordinary achievements in poverty relief

    29. The underlined word “alleviation” in the Paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to ________.

    A. relief             B. line           C. reform           D. rise

    30. According to the text, National Poverty Relief Day falls on ________.

    A. Oct. 16           B. Oct. 15        C. Oct. 14           D. Oct. 17

    31. The passage is most likely to be taken from ________.

    A. a magazine       B. a newspaper      C. a research paper    D. a brochure

    答案

    CADB


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