• 难度: 使用次数:10 入库时间:2017-06-20

    FLORENCE, Italy—Svetlana Cojochru feels hurt. The Moldovan has lived here seven years as a caregiver to Italian kids and elderly, but in order to stay she’s had to prove her language skills by taking a test which requires her to write a postcard to an imaginary friend and answer a fictional job ad.

    Italy is the latest Western European country trying to control a growing immigrant(移民) population by demanding language skills in exchange for work permits, or in some cases, citizenship.

    Some immigrant advocates worry that as hard financial times make it more difficult for natives to keep jobs, such measures will become more a vehicle for intolerance than integration(融合). Others say it’s only natural that newcomers learn the language of their host nation, seeing it as a condition to ensure they can contribute to society.

    Other European countries laid down a similar requirement for immigrants, and some terms are even tougher. The governments argue that this will help foreigners better join the society and promote understanding across cultures.

    Italy, which has a much weaker tradition of immigration, has witnessed a sharp increase in immigration in recent years. In 1990, immigrants numbered some 1.14 million out of Italy’s then 56.7 million people, or about 2 percent. At the start of this year, foreigners living in Italy amounted to 4.56 million of a total population of 60.6 million, or 7.5 percent, with immigrants’ children accounting for an ever larger percentage of births in Italy.

    Cojochru, the Moldovan caregiver, hoped obtaining permanent residence(居住权) would help her bring her two children to Italy; they live with her sister in Moldova, where salaries are among the lowest in Europe. She was skeptical that the language requirement would encourage integration.

    Italians always see me as a foreigner, an outsider, even though she’s stayed in the country for years and can speak the local language fluently, she said.

    28. Why does Cojochru have to take a language test?

    A. To continue to stay in Italy.                                 B. To teach her children Italian.

    C. To find a better job in Italy.                                 D. To better mix with the Italians.

    29. Some people worry that the new language requirement may ________.

    A. reduce Italy’s population quickly                          B. cause conflicts among people

    C. lead to financial difficulties                                  D. put pressure on schools

    30. What do we know about Cojochru?

    A. She lives with her sister now in Italy.

    B. She enjoys learning the Italian language.

    C. She speaks Italian well enough for her job.

    D. She wishes to go back to her home country.

    答案

    试题分析:本文属于夹叙夹议文,首先叙述了一个叫Svetlana Cojochru的摩尔多瓦人移民到意大利,但为了能够继续留在意大利,她必须进行语言测试;接着向我们阐述对外来人进行语言测试的原因以及对此的不同声音,然后介绍了意大利的移民史,最后告诉我们Cojochru的居住现状:工资水平很低,而且虽然在意大利生活多年,但意大利本地居民仍会把她当作外国人来看。

    【名师点睛】

    本文29题属于推理判断题,根据题干"Some people worry that the new language requirement may…, 抓住关键词worry,可以从文中第三段第一句话Some immigrant advocates worry that as hard financial times make it more difficult for natives to keep jobs, such measures will become a more vehicle for intolerance than integration(融合). 进行推断。根据关键信息intolerance可判断对语言的要求会造成外来居民和本地居民的不融合,即矛盾,从而选出正确答案。

    推理判断题是历届考生失分较多的题型,因为此类题不仅要求考生理解具体事实细节,也要理解抽象含义。推理判断题的解题方法有:

    1.       抓住特定的信息进行逆向或正向推理:善于抓住某一段话中的关键信息,即某些关键词或短语去分析,利用逆向思维或正向推理,从而推断出这句话所隐藏的深层含义。(29小题使用的就是这种方法)

    2.       结合全文(段)进行推断:做推理题时,需要在弄懂全文意思的基础上,整合与题目相关的有用信息,综合起来进行推理判断,从而确定最佳结论。

    3.       根据上下文的逻辑关系得出结论:逻辑结论是指严格根据文章中所陈述的事实、论点、例证等一系列论据材料进行推理,从而得出合乎逻辑的结论,所以要把握作者的写作思路,预测下文可能的内容。文章可按照事件发展的经过描写,也可按照因果关系、对比关系来描写。

    4.       结合自己已有的知识进行推断:知识推断是根据文章中所阐述的细节,运用自己掌握的基础知识进行推敲,从而得出答案,这需要我们有一定的社会基础知识,以及充分理解细节和有关背景知识。

    考点:考查夹叙夹议文阅读

    >cooco.Net.cn#


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