• 难度: 使用次数:23 入库时间:2017-09-14

    Anything that poses a challenge or a threat to our well­being is a stress. Some stresses get you going and they are good for youwithout any stress at all many say our lives would be boring and would probably feel pointless. However, when the stresses undermine both our mental and physical health they are bad. Here we shall be focusing on stress that is bad for you.

    Stress is the feeling we have when under pressure, while stressors are the things we respond to in our environment.Examples of stressors are noises, unpleasant people, a speeding car, or even going out on a first date. Generally (but not always), the more stressors we experience, the more stressed we feel.

    When we are stressed the following happens

    Blood pressure rises.

    Breathing becomes more rapid.

    Heart rate (pulse) rises.

    Muscles become tense.

    We do not sleep (heightened state of alertness)

    Most of us have varying interpretations of what stress is about and what matters. Some of us focus on what happens to us, such as breaking a bone or getting a promotion, while others think more about the event itself. How you see that stressful event will be the largest single factor that impacts on your physical and mental health. Your interpretation of events and challenges in life may decide whether they are invigorating or harmful for you.

    There are three broad methods you can follow to treat stress.

    Self help for treating stress

    Exercise has been proven to have a beneficial effect on a person's mental and physical state. For many people exercise is an extremely useful stress buster.

    Alcohol and drugs will not help you manage your stress better. Either stop consuming them completely, or cut down.

    If your consumption of coffee and other drinks which contain caffeine is high, cut down.

    Eat plenty of fruit and vegetables. Make sure you have a healthy and balanced diet.

    Talk to you family, friends, work colleagues and your boss. Express your thoughts and worries.

    Stress management techniques

    Stress management can help you to keep away from the source of stress, change the way you view a stressful event, and lower the impact that stress might have on your body. Stress management therapy will have the objective of pursuing one or more of these approaches.

    Medicines

    Doctors will not usually prescribe medications for coping with stress, unless the patient has an underlying illness, such as depression or some type of anxiety. If that is the case, the doctor is actually treating a mental illness. In such cases, an antidepressant may be prescribed. Bear in mind that there is a risk that all the medication will do is mask the stress, rather than help you deal and cope with it.

    Stress

    Passage outline

    Supporting details

    Understanding of stress

    Stress is pressure or worry (34)________ by the stressors in your life.

    Some stresses (35)_________ you while some others make you suffer.

    (36)________ of stress

    You have (37)________ blood pressure.

    Your heart (38)________ faster.

    You become sleepless.

    Your breath and muscles are abnormal.

    Attitudes towards stress

    You care about what concerns (39)________.

    You pay attention to what is (40)________ around you.

    Above all, how you look at challenges affects your health.

    Ways to deal with stress

    Exercise, a proper diet, communication help to (41)________ your stress while alcohol, drugs and coffee do not.

    Stress management guides you how to (42)________ and reduce stress.

    Medicines can be used to treat a mental illness but cannot solve the problem (43)________.

    答案

     34. caused 35. benefit 36. Symptoms/Signs 37. higher 38. beats 39. yourself/yourselves 40. happening/occurring 41. remove 42. avoid 43. fundamentally/completely/effectively

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