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1.

阅读短文,按照题目要求用英语回答问题。

Most of us associate learning with younger people—kids in school and college or recent graduates early in their careers. But at Udemy, an open university offering online courses, Artist Anneke Camstra is engaged in the pursuit of lifelong learning and displays her potential for teaching. She loves the experience of gaining new knowledge and also loves sharing it with others. “I’m retired, but an artist never retires,” Anneke said. “The last few years on the internet have been a great joy for me. I’ve taken so many Udemy courses, and ifs such a great feeling to get my brain working again. I find just as much satisfaction in teaching animation( 动画制作 )too.”

She reaches countless people with her online courses and exposes them to what they can accomplish on their own using animation software, such as GoAnimate and PowToon. Her motivation for teaching on Udemy is “to get the tools to the people.”“You can go such a long way to make things that look professional but still have your own voice,” she explained.

Most of Anneke’s students start out thinking they’re not creative and can’t draw. Anneke understands how fear can get in the way of so many things people dream of doing. With her five-day challenge courses, she helps them get over the fear. Anneke loves the impact she has on her students. What makes her more proud of them is that they have gone from their first animation to creating their own works.

She encourages people of all ages, especially older people, to cultivate their curiosity for life. Grandparents, for example, can learn to use GoAnimate and make animations together with their grandkids.

“Tm an older woman, teaching and having fun learning again,” Anneke said, and she wants others later in their lives to catch up with her on this journey.

1 What does Anneke enjoy doing after her retirement? (no more than 10 words)

2 According to Para. 2, what does Anneke expect her students to do with animation software? (no more than 10 words)

3 What is the main idea of Para. 3? (no more than 15 words)

4 Please explain the meaning of the underlined word in Para. 4(1 word)

5 What do you suggest old people learn to do? Please give your reason(s). (no more than 20 words)

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【答案】

1 Gaining new knowledge and sharing it with others.

Or: Taking Udemycourses and teaching animation.

2 To make professional products and express themselves.

Or: To accomplish/complete professional and unique works.

Or: To achieve their goals/what they dream of.

3 Anneke helps her students get over the fear and create their own animation works.

4 Develop.

5 To learn to use social media, because it allows them to get to know the outside world better.

【分析】

这是一篇记叙文。讲述了退休艺术家 Anneke Camstra ,人老心不老,积极对待生活,在线上从事动画教学的故事。

1. 考查细节理解。根据第一段中 “She loves the experience of gaining new knowledge and also loves sharing it with others. ( 她喜欢获得新知识的经历,也喜欢与他人分享。 )” 以及她所说的话 “I’ve taken so many Udemy courses, and ifs such a great feeling to get my brain working again. I find just as much satisfaction in teaching animation too. ( 我上了很多 Udemy 的课程,能让我的大脑重新工作真是太棒了。我在动画教学中也发现了同样的满足感。 )” 可知, Anneke 退休后获得新的知识并与人分享,她参加 Udemy 课程并教授动画。故答案为 Gaining new knowledge and sharing it with others. Or: Taking Udemycourses and teaching animation.

2. 考查推理判断。根据第二段中 “Her motivation for teaching on Udemy is ‘to get the tools to the people.’‘You can go such a long way to make things that look professional but still have your own voice,’ she explained.( 她教 Udemy 的动机是 把工具带给人们 。她解释说: 你可以走很长一段路,让事情看起来很专业,但仍然有自己的声音。 ’)” 可以推知,她希望学生制作动画有专业性,同时要表达自己的思想,有自己的特色,实现自己的梦想。故答案为 To make professional products and express themselves. Or: To accomplish/complete professional and unique works. Or: To achieve their goals/what they dream of.

3. 考查主旨大意。根据第三段中 “Anneke understands how fear can get in the way of so many things people dream of doing. With her five-day challenge courses, she helps them get over the fear. Anneke loves the impact she has on her students. What makes her more proud of them is that they have gone from their first animation to creating their own works.

(Anneke 知道恐惧是如何阻碍人们梦想的事情。通过为期五天的挑战课程,她帮助他们克服恐惧。 Anneke 喜欢她对学生的影响。更让她感到自豪的是,他们已经从第一部动画发展到创作自己的作品。 )” 可知,第 3 段的主旨是 Anneke 帮助学生克服克服恐惧并创造他们自己的动画作品。故答案为 Anneke helps her students get over the fear and create their own animation works.

4. 考查词句猜测。划线词句后文 “Grandparents, for example, can learn to use GoAnimate and make animations together with their grandkids. ( 例如,祖父母可以学习使用 GoAnimate 和他们的孙辈们一起制作动画。 )” 举例说明了 Anneke 主张让老年人和孙辈们一起制作动画,再根据划线词语 “She encourages people of all ages, especially older people, to cultivate their curiosity for life. ( 她鼓励所有年龄段的人,尤其是老年人, cultivate 他们对生活的好奇心。 )” 可知, Anneke 鼓励老年人,培养发展他们的好奇心。从而推知划线词语 cultivate 应为 培养;发展 的意思。故答案为 Develop.

5. 考查读后表达。通读全文,以 Anneke Camstra 的榜样,我建议应该让老年人学习使用社交媒体,因为它使老年人能更好的了解外面的世界。故答案为 To learn to use social media, because it allows them to get to know the outside world better.

=
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    Bacteria are an annoying problem for astronauts. The microorganisms(微生物) from our bodies grow uncontrollably on surfaces of the International Space Station, so astronauts spend hours cleaning them up each week. How is NASA overcoming this very tiny big problem? It’s turning to a bunch of high school kids. But not just any kids. It is depending on NASA HUNCH high school classrooms, like the one science teachers Gene Gordon and Donna Himmelberg lead at Fairport High School in Fairport, New York.

HUNCH is designed to connect high school classrooms with NASA engineers. For the past two years, Gordon’s students have been studying ways to kill bacteria in zero gravity, and they think they’re close to a solution(解决方案). “We don’t give the students any breaks. They have to do it just like NASA engineers,” says Florence Gold, a project manager.

“There are no tests,” Gordon says. “There is no graded homework. There almost are no grades, other than ‘Are you working towards your goal?’ Basically, it’s ‘I’ve got to produce this product and then, at the end of year, present it to NASA.’ Engineers come and really do an in-person review, and...it’s not a very nice thing at times. It’s a hard business review of your product.”

Gordon says the HUNCH program has an impact(影响) on college admissions and practical life skills. “These kids are so absorbed in their studies that I just sit back. I don’t teach.” And that annoying bacteria? Gordon says his students are emailing daily with NASA engineers about the problem, readying a workable solution to test in space.

117What do we know about the bacteria in the International Space Station?

AThey are hard to get rid of.                          BThey lead to air pollution.

CThey appear in different forms.                   DThey damage the instruments.

118What is the purpose of the HUNCH program?

ATo strengthen teacher-student relationships.

BTo sharpen students’ communication skills.

CTo allow students to experience zero gravity.

DTo link space technology with school education.

119What do the NASA engineers do for the students in the program?

ACheck their product.                                  BGuide project designs.

CAdjust work schedules.                               DGrade their homework.

120What is the best title for the text?

ANASA: The Home of Astronauts

BSpace: The Final Homework Frontier

CNature: An Outdoor Classroom

DHUNCH: A College Admission Reform

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更新时间:2020-12-04
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    For Western designers, China and its rich culture have long been an inspiration for Western creative.

“It’s no secret that China has always been a source(来源) of inspiration for designers,” says Amanda Hill, chief creative officer at A+E Networks, a global media company and home to some of the biggest fashion(时尚) shows.

Earlier this year, the China Through A Looking Glass exhibition in New York exhibited 140 pieces of China-inspired fashionable clothing alongside Chinese works of art, with the aim of exploring the influence of Chinese aesthetics(美学) on Western fashion and how China has fueled the fashionable imagination for centuries. The exhibition had record attendance, showing that there is huge interest in Chinese influences.

“China is impossible to overlook,” says Hill. “Chinese models are the faces of beauty and fashion campaigns that sell dreams to women all over the world, which means Chinese women are not just consumers of fashion — they are central to its movement.” Of course, not only are today’s top Western designers being influenced by China—some of the best designers of contemporary fashion are themselves Chinese. “Vera Wang, Alexander Wang, Jason Wu are taking on Galliano, Albaz, Marc Jacobs—and beating them hands down in design and sales,” adds Hill.

For Hill, it is impossible not to talk about China as the leading player when discussing fashion. “The most famous designers are Chinese, so are the models, and so are the consumers,” she says. “China is no longer just another market; in many senses it has become the market. If you talk about fashion today, you are talking about China—its influences, its direction, its breathtaking clothes, and how young designers and models are finally acknowledging that in many ways.”

121What can we learn about the exhibition in New York?

AIt promoted the sales of artworks.                BIt attracted a large number of visitors.

CIt showed ancient Chinese clothes.               DIt aimed to introduce Chinese models.

122What does Hill say about Chinese women?

AThey are setting the fashion.                        BThey start many fashion campaigns.

CThey admire super models.                         DThey do business all over the world.

123What do the underlined words “taking on” in paragraph 4 mean?

Alearning from         Blooking down on     Cworking with          Dcompeting against

124What can be a suitable title for the text?

AYoung Models Selling Dreams to the World

BA Chinese Art Exhibition Held in New York

CDifferences Between Eastern and Western Aesthetics

DChinese Culture Fueling International Fashion Trends

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