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  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-06-20
    来源: 2017年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语(北京卷)试题及答案 解析.DOC

    Measles(麻疹), which once killed 450 children each year and disabled even more, was nearly wiped out in the United States 14 years ago by the universal use of the MMR vaccine(疫苗). But the disease is making a comeback, caused by a growing anti-vaccine movement and misinformation that is spreading quickly. Already this year, 115 measles cases have been reported in the USA, compared with 189 for all of last year.

    The numbers might sound small, but they are the leading edge of a dangerous trend. When vaccination rates are very high, as they still are in the nation as a whole, everyone is protected. This is called “herd immunity”, which protects the people who get hurt easily, including those who can’t be vaccinated for medical reasons, babies too young to get vaccinated and people on whom the vaccine doesn’t work.

    But herd immunity works only when nearly the whole herd joins in. When some refuse vaccination and seek a free ride, immunity breaks down and everyone is in even bigger danger.

    That’s exactly what is happening in small neighborhoods around the country from Orange County, California, where 22 measles cases were reported this month, to Brooklyn, N.Y., where a 17-year-old caused an outbreak last year.

    The resistance to vaccine has continued for decades, and it is driven by a real but very small risk. Those who refuse to take that risk selfishly make others suffer.

    Making things worse are state laws that make it too easy to opt out(决定不参加) of what are supposed to be required vaccines for all children entering KS5U kindergarten. Seventeen states allow parents to get an exemption(豁免), sometimes just by signing a paper saying they personally object to a vaccine.

    Now, several states are moving to tighten laws by adding new regulations for opting out. But no one does enough to limit exemptions.

    Parents ought to be able to opt out only for limited medical or religious reasons. But personal opinions? Not good enough. Everyone enjoys the life-saving benefits vaccines provide, but they’ll exist only as long as everyone shares in the risks.

    63The first two paragraphs suggest that ____________.

        Aa small number of measles cases can start a dangerous trend

        Bthe outbreak of measles attracts the public attention

        Canti-vaccine movement has its medical reasons

        Dinformation about measles spreads quickly

    64Herd immunity works well when ____________.

        Aexemptions are allowed

        Bseveral vaccines are used together

        Cthe whole neighborhood is involved in

        Dnew regulations are added to the state laws

    65What is the main reason for the comeback of measles?

        AThe overuse of vaccine.

        BThe lack of medical care.

        CThe features of measles itself.

        DThe vaccine opt-outs of some people.

    66What is the purpose of the passage?

        ATo introduce the idea of exemption.

        BTo discuss methods to cure measles.

        CTo stress the importance of vaccination.

        DTo appeal for equal rights in medical treatment.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:健康保健类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2017-06-11
    来源: 江西省南昌市第二中学2016-2017学年高一下学期期中考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

        People with an impulsive personality refer to those who tend to do things without considering the possible dangers or problems first. According to a new study by researchers at the University of Georgia, such people may be more likely to have food addiction. The study found that people exhibiting impulsive behavior weren’t necessarily overweight, but impulsiveness was related to a direct relationship with food, and therefore, less healthy weight.

    Food addiction has been compared to addictive drug use. Studies have linked the dopamine (多巴胺) release that occurs after tasting delicious food to the dopamine release that happens when people consume other addictive substances.

        Impulsive behavior involves several personality traits (特点). Two of these traits, known as negative urgency and lack of perseverance, were particularly associated with food addiction and high BMI (身体质量指数) during the study.

        Negative urgency is characterized by the tendency to behave impulsively when experiencing negative emotions. Some people might drink alcohol or take drugs. For others, it could mean eating to feel better. Lack of perseverance is when a person has a hard time finishing hard or boring tasks. People with a lack of perseverance might have difficulty attempting to change addictive eating behavior, which could also cause obesity.

        “Impulsiveness might be one reason why some people eat in an addictive way despite motivation to lose weight,” said Dr. Ashley Gearhardt, a clinical psychologist. He was involved in developing the Yale Food Addiction Scale in aid of those people. “We are theorizing that if food addiction is really a thing, then our measure, the Yale Food Addiction Scale, should be related to helping control impulsive action,” said Gearhardt.

        Clinical psychologist Dr. James MacKillop, whose lab was conducting the study, believes that therapies used to treat addictive drug behavior could help people who suffer from addictive eating habits.

        “Most of the programs for weight loss at this point focus on the most obvious things, which are clearly diet and exercise,” MacKillop said. “It seems that managing strong desires to eat would naturally fit in with the skills a person would need to eat healthily.”

    32.According to Paragraph 1, the result of food addiction is ________.

    A. less healthy weight                                    B. motivation to lose weight

           C. negative emotions                                     D. taking alcohol or drugs

    33. How does the author introduce the two personality traits in Paragraph 4?

           A. By making comparisons and conclusions.       B. By giving definitions and examples.

           C. By presenting questions and answers.           D. By explaining causes and effects.

    34. What can be inferred about the Yale Food Addiction Scale from the text?

           A. It has been successfully carried out among overweight people.

           B. It might help some impulsive people with food addiction to lose weight.

           C. It will prove whether food addiction is a problem to impulsive people.

           D. It is theoretically a proper treatment for addictive food and drug behavior.

    35. Which of the following can be the best title for the text?

           A. Impulsive personality linked to food addition 

           B. Food addiction compared to drug use

           C. Dopamine release caused by food addiction     

          D. Food addiction contributing to obesity    

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:健康保健类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2017-06-09
    来源: 江苏省盐城市时杨中学2016-2017学年高一下学期期中考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    I’m fat . I’m too skinny. I’d be happy if I were taller, shorter, had curly hair, straight hair, a smaller nose, bigger muscles, longer legs. Do any of these statements sound familiar? Do you often put yourself down? If so, you’re not alone. As a teen, you’re going through a ton of changes in your body. And as your body changes, so does your image of yourself. Lots of people have trouble getting used to it, and this can affect their confidence.

    Some people think they need to change how they look or act to feel good about themselves. But actually all you need to do is change the way you see your body and how you think about yourself.

    The first thing to do is recognize that your body is your own, no matter what shape, size, or color it comes in. If you’re very worried about your weight or size, go to your doctor to check that things are OK. But it’s no one’s business but your own what your body is like — finally, you have to be happy with yourself.

    Next, find which aspects (方面) of your appearance you can change and which you can’t. Everyone, even the most perfect-seeming celebrity (名人), has things about themselves that they can’t change and need to accept — like their height, for example, or their shoe size.

    If there are things about yourself that you want to change and can, do this by making goals for yourself. For example, if you want to get fit, make a plan to exercise every day and eat nutritious foods.

    When you hear negative comments coming from within yourself, tell yourself to stop. Try building your confidence by listing three things in your day that really gave you pleasure. It can be anything like the way the sun felt on your face, the sound of your favorite band, or the way someone laughed at your jokes.

    60. From the first paragraph, we can infer that ______.

       A. most teens like to have a special body image

     B. many teens can’t accept their body changes easily

       C. teens prefer to change their body image quickly   

    D. teens usually change their opinions on their body image

    61. Which of the following does the author probably agree with?

       A. Change the way other people look at you.

       B. Go to your doctor for advice on how to change your body.

       C. Learn from some celebrities on how to change your body.

       D. Realize you can’t change everything about yourself.

    62. The underlined phrase “put yourself down” in the first paragraph probably means ______.

       A. make yourself fall down                               B. write down your name somewhere

       C. force yourself to do something                           D. say negative things about yourself

    63. The passage is mainly about ______.

       A. how to adjust to the changes of your body    B. how to build confidence by changing your body

       C. how to keep an attractive body image         D. how to find pleasure in your day

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:健康保健类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2017-06-04
    来源: 河南省南阳信阳等六市2017届高三第二次联考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

        There is an island called Kitava, way out there in the Pacific Ocean, in the Milne Bay Province of Papua New Guinea. It is one of the four main Trobriand Islands with a total population of 12,000 native residents.  Rich with culture, surrounded on all sides by clear blue water and abundant rainforest, Kitava is as apealing as it is remote.  But it has more to offer than good views.

        As Byrdie reports, Kitava is also home to a people whose diet and nutritional habits remain healthy, untouched by Western influence.  A lifetime of not knowing the sweet, sweet sensation of the salt from a potato chip hitting the roof of your mouth has done more than just spare Kitavans from illnesses like diabetes and cardiovascular disease; it's also given them a lifetime of smooth, acne(痤疮) - free skin.

        In a study of l',200 subjects - including 300 teens and young adults - conducted by a team led by medical doctor and professor Steffan Lindeberg over 843 days, not one breakout was reported. They also found that genetics played little to no role in the results.

         In fact, the average Kitavan diet is fairly common. It' s simple, with no " miracle fruit" or " rare nut" to speak of, and Kitavans don' t even exercise much. That diet consists mainly of yams( 山荮) ,  sweet potatoes,  and taro (芋头) , local fruits (namely coconut) ,fish, and vegetables.

        But if you're already pulling out your suitcases and drafting a resignation letter to your boss, you might want to slow your step.  For one thing, the closest airport is over 700 miles away from the island, so good luck getting there. And consider this: do you really want to move somewhere where you'll be the only person with acne until the diet kicks in? I don't think so.

    28. Which are the contributing factors of attracting visitors to the island?

        a. Rich culture .    b. Clean white sand     c. Thick rainforest  

    d. Clear blue water  e. Romote tribes

          A. abc       B. acd         C. bcd        D. ade

        29. What accounts for the fact that the Kitavans own good skin?

           A.  They don't like eating salt. .          B.  They enjoy varieties of rare fruits.

           C. They are sick of exercising.      .     D. They follow simple but healthy diet.

        30. What is unlikely to be included in the Kitavans' diet?   .

            A. Taro            B. Fish              C. Potato chips        D. Coconut

         31. What can we learn from the last paragraph?

            A. Think twice before moving to Kitava.

            B. Don’t hesitate to quit your job and move there.

            C. One can reach Kitava by plane without difficulty.

            D. Anyone will own acne - free skin on stepping on Kitava.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:健康保健类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:3 入库时间:2017-05-24
    来源: 2016-2017学年高二下学期期中考英语试题.doc

    I was driving down the road the other day, listening to sweet music coming out of my car radio. My heart felt peaceful, my mind was clear, and my soul was full of love. Even with all its problems: life seemed good. Then the music stopped and the news came on. There was talk of another famous millionaire in drug rehab (康复) after an incident with the police. There was news on the murder of a poor man whose life was supposed to be changed after winning the lottery. There was even a discussion on how much greed and excess (放肆) had damaged our world.

    Every story seemed to point once again to the old saying that money can't buy happiness. Hearing them made me think of a movie I saw many years ago on Mother Teresa's home for the dying in India. What struck me most when I watched it wasn't the unbearable poverty there. It wasn't the sickness and suffering that the people there were going through. It was rather the peaceful smiles of love, kindness, and happiness that they shared with the Sisters and with each other. These people had nothing. Many were struggling at the end of death. Yet, they knew the simple truth that so many of us here are still learning: Joy is Free.

    We can have joy and spread joy every day of our life here. Don't love or admire dollar signs and think that money will bring you happiness then. Joy can't be purchased. It can't be owned. It can only be chosen and then given freely to others. In the eyes of eternity (永恒), money is only worthless paper. The only thing that matters is the love within you and the love that you give to the world. Make that your legacy (遗产) and your life will forever be rich in joy.

    24. According to the first paragraph, we can know that______.

    A. the author was very lighthearted that day

    B. the poor man's life was improved greatly due to the lottery

    C. the author has a habit of driving while listening to music

    D. the millionaire was put in prison for taking drugs

    25. All the information about the movie mentioned in Paragraph 2 is true EXCEPT______.

    A. it was about Mother Teresa's contributions

    B. it left the author a deep impression

    C. people in it were very kind and happy

    D. people in it were extremely poor and suffering

    26. By saying "Make that your legacy", the author means "______".

    A. Give your fortune to your coming generations

    B. Treat your fortune as very valuable things

    C. Pass your joy on to your coming generations

    D. Have joy and spread joy to people around you

    27. Which section of a newspaper is this passage most probably taken from?

    A. Business.            B. Culture.            C. Life.                 D. Entertainment.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:健康保健类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2017-05-24
    来源: 福建省龙海市程溪中学2016-2017学年高二年下学期期中考英语试卷 Word版含答案.doc

         At least eight babies in East China’s Anhui Province have died since last year. they died of serious deficiency disease which happened to them because of fake milk powders.

    More than 100 other babies in Fuyang, mostly between three and five months old, are still in poor nutrition after drinking different kinds of cheap milk powders produced in North China’s Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Northeast China’s Heilongjiang Province and Beijing.

    The baby victims were born healthy, but they became thinner and thinner, and had large heads for their bodies after fake milk powders were fed to them.

    “My girl, the first child of mine, died when she was only four months old after drinking the ‘Haobaobei’milk powder.”said Zhang Linwei, a 32-year-old villager of the Wangzhuang Village in Fuyang.

    Zhang found that his daughter got ill after the girl didn’t want to drink the milk powder any more half a month before.

    “Before that , I though my daughter’s face was becoming fatter and fatter because she was fed well and grew fast.”the baby’s father said.

    The girl died nine days later after she was sent to hospital and all of the family’s savings were spent on her medical treatment.

    “It is like a terrible dream. I never thought that my baby would pass away like this .”he said.

    Zhang said he tried to telephone and write to the producer of the milk powder by the address on the packing bag but never made it.

    “The fake milk powders only have 5-6 per cent protein and the lowest is has only 1 per cent. For babies, drinking such fake milk powder is no different from drinking water,”Zhang Fangjun, said a medical expert with the Fuyang People’s Hospital.

    “Such so-called milk powders cannot afford any nutrition for babies’ growth,” Zhang said.

    29. The fake milk powders, which were produced in North China’s Inner Monglolia Autonomous Region, Northeast China’s Heilongjiang Province and Beijing         .

           A. were all called ‘Haobaobei’

           B. were only sold in Anhui Province

           C. killed at least eight babies in Anhui Province

           D. were much cheaper than any other milk powders

     30. Which may NOT be right according to the passage?

           A. The milk powders the sick children ate fail to reach the national standard of protein content for baby milk powder-at least 10 per cent.

           B. Deficiency disease is a kind of disease from the people who are in poor nutrition.

           C. The baby victims became thinner and thinner and had large heads for their bodies after drinking the fake milk powders.

           D. Fuyang is the only place where fake milk powders were found.

    31. “pass away”in the passage means    ___  .

           A. move away            B. die                         C. set off                    D. lose oneself

    32.  Zhang Linwei   __    .

           A. didn’t’ know what caused her first daughter’s death at first

           B. found her first daughter was killed by ‘Haobaobei’ milk powder

           C. got a lot of money from the producer of the milk powder

           D. asked the reporter to give him a hand

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:健康保健类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:5 入库时间:2017-05-17
    来源: 上海市十四校2017届高三上学期第一阶段教学调研联考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Science not always so serious

    Did you know that if you attach a weighted stick to the back of a chicken, it walks like a dinosaur?

    No, you did not know (or care to know) such things, but now you do! Thanks to this year’s winners of the Ig Nobel Prizes! Now in its 25th year, the Ig Nobel is the goofy younger cousin of the honored Nobel Prize. It applauds achievements in the fields of medicine, biology, physics, economics, literature, etc. Every September at Harvard University, awards are presented in 10 categories that change year to year, depending on according to the organization what makes the judges “laugh, then think”.

    The ceremony officially begins when audience members launch paper airplanes at an assigned human target on the stage, then speakers only have 60 seconds to present their research. In previous years, the one-minute rule was imposed by a young girl nicknamed Miss Sweetie Poo who would go up to the platform and repeat the words: “Please stop, I’m bored,” in a sharp tone until the speaker left the stage.

    Fortunately for candidates though, the Ig Informal Lectures are held afterwards on Saturday to give presenters more time to explain the crazy things they’re working on.

    The research can seem more like the brainchildren of teenage boys than of respectable adults. Justin

    Schmidt won the physiology Ig for creating the “Sting Pain Index,” which rates the pain people feel after getting stung () by insects. Smith pressed bees against 25 different parts of his body until they stung him. Five stings a day for 38 days, Smith concluded that the most painful sting locations were the nostril (鼻孔) and the upper lip. Ouch.

    As silly as they sound, not all of the Ig awards lack scientific applicability. A group of scientists from 12 different countries won in the medicine category for accurately diagnosing patients with appendicitis (阑尾炎) based on an unusual measurement: speed bumps (减速带). They found that patients are more likely to have appendicitis if they report pain during bumpy car rides.

    All these weird experiments have just one thing in common. They’re improbable. It can be tempting to assume that “improbable” implies more than that implies bad or good, worthless or valuable, trivial or important. Something improbable can be any of those, or none of them, or all of them, in different ways. And what you don’t expect can be a powerful force for not only entertaining science, but also for the boundary-pushing science we call innovation.

    56. The underlined word “goofy” in Paragraph 2 probably means __________.

    A. timid B. funny C. glorious D. warm-hearted

    57. According to the passage, what can we know about the awarding ceremony of Ig Nobel?

    A. It is held at a fixed place.

    B. Candidates should know how to fold paper planes.

    C. Miss Sweetie Poo is one of the hostesses.

    D. Ig Informal Lecture gives presenters 60 seconds to finish their speeches.

    58. The example in Paragraph 6 is used to illustrate that Ig Nobel __________.

    A. celebrates the diligent work of researchers

    B. offers another opportunity to those who miss the Nobel Prizes

    C. serves as a platform for the creative and practical achievements

    D. amuses the audience

    59. Among the four candidates below, who is most likely to win an Ig Nobel?

    A. A chemist who invents a chemical method to partially un-boil an egg.

    B. A novelist who criticizes social injustice severely.

    C. A physicist who studies the origin of the universe.

    D. An economist who achieves a breakthrough in the study of international trade

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:健康保健类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2017-05-14
    来源: 山东省寿光现代中学2016-2017学年高二3月月考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    In ancient Egypt, a shopkeeper discovered that he could attract customers to his shop simply by making changes to its environment. Modern businesses have been following his lead, with more tactics(策略).

    One tactic involves where to display the goods. Foe example, stores place fruits and vegetables in the first section. They know that customers who buy the healthy food first will feel happy so that they will buy more junk food(垃圾食品)later in their trip. In department stores, section is generally next to the women’s cosmetics(化妆品) sectionwhile the shop assistant is going back to find the right size shoe, bored customers are likely to wander over cosmetics they might want to try later. 

    Besides, businesses seek to appeal to customers’ senses. Stores notice that the smell of baked goods encourages shopping, they make their own bread each morning and then fan the bread smell into the store throughout the day. Music sells goods, too. Researchers in Britain found that when French music was played, sales of French wine went up.

    When it comes to the selling of houses, businesses also use highly rewarding tactics. They find that customers make decision in the first few second upon walking in the door, and turn it into a business opportunity. A California builder designed the structure of its houses smartly. When entering the house, the customer would see the Pacific Ocean through the windows, and then the poll through an open stairway leading to the lower level. The instant view of water on both levels helped sell these $10 million houses.

    25. Why do stores usually display fruits and vegetables in the first section?

    A. To save customers times.

    B. To show they are high quality foods.

    C. To help sell junk food.

    D. To sell them at discount prices.

    26. According to Paragraph 3, which of the following encourages customers to buy?

    A. Opening the store early in the morning.

    B. Displaying British wines next to French ones.

    C. Inviting customers to play music.

    D. Filling the store with the smell of fresh bread.

    27. What is the California builder’s story intended to prove?

    A. The house structure is a key factor customers consider.

    B. The more costly the house is, the better it sells.

    C. An ocean view is much to the customers’ taste.

    D. A good first impression increases sales.

    28. What is the main purpose of the passage?

    A. To explain how businesses turn people into their customers.

    B. To introduces how businesses have grown from the past.

    C. To report researches on customer behavior.

    D. To show dishonest business practices.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:健康保健类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2017-05-12
    来源: 山东省菏泽市巨野县实验中学2015届高三5月月考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Four years agoa lobster(龙虾)fishermanGary Nicholshad never seen a lionfishbut today his traps are full of themHe catches so many lionfish now that he’s started to sell themWhile his lobsters sell for $16 per kilogramlionfish only make him $12. Lionfish are causing a great concern on his business and the commercial fishing industry in Floridathreatening other fish populations—in some cases reducing them by up to 90%.   

    Lionfish are native to the Indian and Pacific Oceansbut were accidentally introduced into Atlantic and Caribbean waters during the 1990sWith no natural enemies in the Atlantic and an ability to reproduce year-roundplus the favorable environmenttheir numbers have been rising in recent years

    Not only are lionfish causing losses to lobster fishermen like Nicholsthey are also threatening the balance of the fragile ecosystem

    “Lionfish are eating almost anything that fits in their mouths”says Lad Akinsdirector of REEFa marine conservation group“Some are commercially valuable fisheslike grouper and snapper that the fishermen depend onLionfish even could result in the extinction of some fish

    In an effort to solve the problemREEF runs a monthly contestawarding prizes to those who catch the most lionfishIt also runs workshops educating divers about safe collection and removal techniquesMany volunteers have also joined the fight with a campaign that encourages people to eat lionfish

    “If we can’t beat themlet’s eat them!” said Michelle Kosiekthe manager of the Fish House Encorewhich has been serving lionfish for the past 18 months“There is a little bit of fear factor eating themIn factthose who tried it have spoken well of it

    24The story of Gary Nichols shows that _______________

    A1obsters are disappearing in the waters near Florida

    Bthe overpopulated lionfish are affecting Florida fishermen

    Cit is hard for a fisherman to make a living by selling lobsters

    Dlionfish have brought the Florida fishermen’s income down by 90

    25What factors contribute to the fast increase of the lionfish population?

    aThey are native to the Atlantic and Caribbean waters

    bThey have no natural enemies in Atlantic

    cThey are able to lay eggs non-stop every year

    dThe waters in Florida are suitable for their existence

    eSome people introduced them there on purpose

    Aabc    Bbcd    Ccde   Dade

    26Lad Akins considers the non-native lionfish as _______________

    Aa new source of economic increase

    Ba positive promoter to the ecology of Florida waters

    Ca disaster both commercially and ecologically

    Da chance to make Florida fish species diverse

    27In the fight against lionfishMichelle Kosiek is helpful in _____________

    Aencouraging people to eat them

    Bteaching divers removal techniques

    Cmaking a collection of lionfish

    Dawarding prizes to lionfish catchers

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:健康保健类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2017-04-17
    来源: 山东省微山县第一中学2016-2017学年高二寒假作业检测考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    When Frida Kahlo’s paintings were on show in London, a poet described her paintings as “a ribbon (丝带) around a bomb”. Such comments seem to suggest Kahlo had a big influence on the art world of her time. Sadly, she is actually a much bigger name today than she was during her time.

    Born in 1907 in a village near Mexico City, Kahlo suffered from polio(小儿麻痹症) at the age of seven. Her spine(脊柱) become bent as she grew older. Then, in 1925, her back was broken in several places in a school-bus accident. Throughout the rest of her life, the artist had many operations, but nothing was able to cure the terrible pain in her back. However, the accident had an unexpected side effect. While lying in her bed recovering, Kahlo taught herself to paint.

    In 1929, she got married to Diego Rivera, another famous Mexican artist. Rivera’s strong influences on Kahlo’s style can be seen in her early works, but her later works from the 1940s, known today as her best works, show less influence from her husband.

    Unfortunately, her works did not attract much attention in the 1930s and 1940s, even in her home country. Her first one-woman show in Mexico was not held until 1953. For more than a decade after her death in 1954, Kahlo’s works remained largely unnoticed by the world, but in the 1970s her works began to gain international fame at last.

    21. The terrible pain Kahlo suffered was caused by _____.

    A. polio    B. her bent spine    C. back injuries     D. the operations she had

    22. Kahlo’s style had become increasingly independent since the _____.

    A. 1930s    B. 1940s    C. 1950s     D. 1970s

    23. What is author’s attitude toward Kahlo?

    A. Devotion.   B. Sympathy.   C. Worry.    D. Encouragement.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:健康保健类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:25 入库时间:2016-12-31
    来源: 安徽省合肥市第一中学2016-2017学年高一上学期第一次月考英语 Word版含答案.doc

    It has become a certain belief among the public----drink at least eight glasses of water a day to improve health and wellbeing. Bottled water companies often repeal it to increase their sales but it is actually a silly idea. There is no evidence to prove the advantages of drinking eight glasses of water a day, scientists say.

    The misunderstanding is caused from the suggestion that adults should drink 2.5 liters of water daily, which was stressed by the British Medical Journal in December. The important part of the suggestion that most of this quantity of water is contained in prepared foods, however, is usually ignored.

    US researchers who reviewed the evidence concluded that most people do not need to worry about the amount of water they drink every .day. Besides drinking water, they will be getting plenty of liquid(液体)in other ways. Caffeinated drinks such as tea, coffee and cola and alcohol(酒)can help reach the daily total if they don't drink too much, though these drinks help the production of urine (尿). Less well known arc the dangers of drinking too much water, causing water poisoning, low salt levels and even death.

    The review of research by Dan Negoianu, from the University of Pennsylvania, found that not a single study included the suggestion of drinking eight glasses of water a day. Although one small study suggested that drinking water could result in fewer headaches, the results were not very important. However, the benefits of drinking some water to prevent a pain in head after drinking too much alcohol are, separately, proved to be true.

    No studies showed any advantages to the color of the skin because of the increased water taken into bodies. Dehydration(脱水)can make skin less pleasant, but there was no clear evidence to support the idea that water helps people keep a youthful appearance. The researchers also found no evidence that drinking lots of water does some good to the body's organs(器官).

    28. From the passage, we know that the suggestion about drinking eight glasses of water a day        .

    A. causes some serious diseases

    B. has enough scientific evidence to support it

    C. is misunderstood by people in fact

    D. was published by the British Medical Journal

    29. From the passage we learn that many people don't know that  .

    A. the production of urine can cause water to lose

    B. health can be improved by drinking plenty of' water

    C. better skin can result from intake of much water

    D. caffeinated drinks can provide the water people need

    30. What can be proved about drinking a lot of water according to the passage?

    A. Reducing the bad influence of drinking alcohol.

    B. Helping to keep youthful looks.

    C. Making the body's organs stronger.

    D. Causing bad headaches.

    31. The writer's main purpose of writing this passage is to          .

    A. persuade people to drink different kinds of water

    B. tell people drinking much water is not as healthy as is considered

    C. warn people of the danger of drinking much water

    D. help people realize the importance of drinking enough water every day

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:健康保健类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:39 入库时间:2016-10-16
    来源: 湖南省长沙市一中2015-2016学年高一下学期期末考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    If you think that running marathons will help you live a long and healthy life, new research may come as a shock. According to a recent scientific study, people who do a very strenuous workout are as likely to die as people who do no exercise at all.

       Scientists in Denmark have been studying over 1000 joggers (慢跑者)and non-joggers for 12 years. The death rates from the sample group indicate that people who jog at a moderate pace two or three times a week for less than two and a half hours in total are least likely to die. The best speed to jog at was found to be about 5 miles per hour. The research suggests that people who jog more than three times a week or at higher speeds of over 7 mph die at the same rate as non-joggers. The scientists think that this is because strenuous exercise causes structural changes to the heart and arteries(动脉). Over time, this can cause serious injuries.

    Peter Schnohr, a researcher in Copenhagen, said, “If your goal is to decrease risk of death and improve life expectancy(寿命), jogging a few times a week at a moderate (适度的)pace is a good strategy. Anything more is not just unnecessary, and it may be harmful.

    The implications (暗示)of this are that moderate forms of exercise such as tai chi, yoga and brisk (轻快的)walking may be better for us than “iron man” events, triathlons and long-distance running and cycling. According to Jacob Louis Marott, another researcher involved in the study, “You don’t actually have to do that much to have a good impact on your health. And perhaps you shouldn’t actually do too much”.

    32. The underlined word “strenuous” in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to “_____________”.

       A. hard             B. regular          C. practical        D. flexible

    33. The author presents some figures in Paragraph 2 to __________.

       A. suggest giving up jogging            B. show risks of doing sports

       C. provide supportive evidence          D. introduce the research process

    34. According to the scientists, why is too much exercise harmful?

       A. It may injure the heart and arteries       B. It can make the body tired out

       C. It will bring much pressure             D. It consumes too much energy

    35. What can be inferred from the next?

       A. No exercise at all is the best choice

       B. More exercise means a healthier life

       C. Marathons runners are least likely to die

       D. Proper exercise contributes to good health

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:健康保健类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:53 入库时间:2016-09-05
    来源: 湖南省岳阳县第一中学2016-2017学年高二上学期第一次月考考试试题 Word版含答案.doc

    When my friend Lesa was diagnosed(诊断) with cancer, another friend and I went to the hospital to spend some time with her. We bought her a small toy and  named him LemonAide. We gave LemonAide to Lesa and told her he was to go with her to all of her treatments to remind her that we were thinking of her and caring about her even though we could not always be with her. When the treatments were completed, she said when someone else needed him she would pass him along.

    A few months latermuch to my surprise, it was me that she passed him to. LemonAide went with me to all of my treatments.

    One day while waiting for my doctor I decided we could market the idea to fight cancer. Lesa thought it was a great idea so we founded the organization that came to be known as LemonAide' s Friends, Inc. We designed our organization to remind people fighting cancer that there are people who love and care about them all the time. Today we have totally 5013 volunteers. The money raised is donated to cancer patients who do not have insurance. The Physicians on our Board of Advisors determine how and where our money is donated.

    LemonAide is for men, women, and children of all ages and to date has been sent to 34 states and 33 countries to provide smiling support for people fighting cancer. When life gave us lemons we made LemonAide, a soft smiling toy that represents love, support, and encouragement.

    24The author went to the hospital with her friend ________

          Ato operate on Lesa            Bto treat her disease

          Cto accompany Lesa            Dto look after LemonAide

    25Lesa was given a small toy because ________

          Ahe represented her organization

          Bhe could help weaken her pain

          Cshe would think of her friends

          Dher friends tried to comfort her

    26It can be inferred that ________

          Athe author had suffered from cancer

          BLemonAide had suffered from cancer

          CLesa had recovered from cancer

          DLemonAide learned to look after the author

    27Lesa and the author formed an organization to ________

          Acure cancer                  Braise money

          Chelp cancer patients           Dhelp their friend

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:健康保健类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:18 入库时间:2016-08-23
    来源: 广东省梅州市蕉岭县蕉岭中学2015-2016学年高三下学期第二次质量检测试题 Word版含答案.doc

     Bad teeth can be painful and even be deadly. Infections of the gums (牙龈) and teeth can release bacteria into the blood system. Those bacteria can increase the chance of a heart attack or stroke and worsen the effects of other diseases. And adults are not the only ones at risk. For example, a 12­year­old boy died when a tooth infection spread to his brain in 2007 in Washington. Experts said it might have been prevented had he received the dental care he needed.

    Experts say good dental care starts at birth. Breast milkthey sayis the best food for the healthy development of teeth. Breast milk can help slow bacterial growth and acid production in the mouth. But dentists say a baby’s gums and early teeth should be cleaned after each feeding by using a cloth with a little warm water. Experts say if you decide to put your baby to sleep with a bottle, give only water.

    When baby teeth begin to appearyou can clean them with a wet toothbrush. Dentists say it is important to find soft toothbrushes made especially for babies and to use them very gently. The use of fluoride (氟化物) to protect teeth is common in many parts of the world. For example, it is often added to drinking water supplies. The fluoride mixes with enamel (釉质)the hard surface on teeth, to help prevent holes from forming.

    But young children often swallow toothpaste when they brush their teeth. The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry notes that swallowing fluoridated toothpaste can cause problems. So young children should be carefully watched when they brush their teeth. And only a small amount of fluoridated toothpaste, the size of a pea, should be used. 

    Parents often wonder what effect finger sucking might have on their baby’s teeth. Dental experts generally agree that this is fine early in life. Most children stop sucking their fingers by the age of four. If it continuesexperts advise parents to talk to their children’s dentists or doctors because it could interfere with the correct development of permanent teeth. 

    Dentists say children should have their first dental visit at least by the time they are one year old. They say babies should be examined when their first teeth appear—usually at around six months. 

    8What’s the main idea of the first paragraph?

    ABad teeth can be a threat to people’s health.

    BBad teeth come along with other health problems.

    CTooth infections can spread to brain easily.

    DDental care should be done at an early age. 

    9According to the passage, what is the function of fluoride?

    AMaking the surface on teeth much cleaner.

    BProtecting gums from being infected.

    CKeeping holes on teeth from forming.

    DSlowing down bacterial growth and acid production. 

    10The underlined phrase “interfere with” in Para.5 probably means________.

    Ado harm to          Baccount for   

    Ccontribute to        Dstand for 

    11What is the purpose of the author in writing the passage?

    ATo warn us of the deadly infections of gums and teeth.

    BTo introduce the advantages of fluoridated toothpaste.

    CTo draw our attention to the dental care of young children.

    DTo present the research results about dental care. 

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:健康保健类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:33 入库时间:2016-08-19
    来源: 北京市临川学校2015-2016学年高一下学期期末考试试题 Word版含答案.doc

    People are overweight for many reasons, the most important one of which is that they eat the wrong foods, get the wrong types of calories per meal, and they also eat meals at the wrong time each day. Food is more powerful than any weight loss pill, because the food that you eat can either make you thin or fat. This is true because your body is like an engine, and it only needs certain foods at certain intervals(间隔) each day.

    Low-calorie Diets Do Not Work

    The reason people cannot lose weight by starving themselves is that their metabolism(新陈代谢) will detect any major drop in calories and it will then adjust itself by burning fewer calories each day. That is the reason why you can eat 1,000 calories per day and not lose any weight, while your friends can eat 2,500 calories per day and not gain any weight.

    Low-fat Diets Do Not Work

    Many people in today’s society are buying mostly low-fat or non-fat food at the grocery store. Everybody knows how much fat is inside the food they buy. However, people are getting fatter than ever before by doing this. They are not losing weight by changing to this low-fat lifestyle.

    Losing weight has nothing to do with these things. One of the most important things you can do to control your weight is to eat the proper foods, such as fruit and vegetables, eat them at the right time, and exercise every day. If people make this a habit, they will lose weight.

    25. What is the main reason why people are overweight?

    A. They burn many calories every day.   B. They eat the wrong foods at the wrong time.  

    C. They eat food with lots of calories.    D. They don’t take weight loss pills.          

    26. The article is written in order to________.

       A. tell readers not to buy low-fat or non-fat food.

       B.tell readers about an important scientific discovery.                               

    C .tell readers how to lose weight.

       D. call on people to lose weight and stay healthy.

    27. To realize the aim of your weight loss plan, you should_________.

    a. do exercise every day           b. eat meals at the right time

    c. eat fruits and vegetables         d. eat low-fat or sweet food

    e. eat the proper foods at each meal

    A. a, b, c, e        B. a, b, d, e       C. a, c, d, e       D.a, b, c, d

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:健康保健类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:25 入库时间:2016-08-16
    来源: 湖南省五市十校教研教改共同体2015-2016学年高二下学期期末考试试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Health experts have long known that vitamin D is important for healthy bones and teeth. It may also help to protect the body against diseases such as diabetes and cancer. And now, researchers say vitamin D might help fight brain diseases called dementia (痴呆).

    Dementia is a brain disease that damages thinking and memory processes, which scientists call “cognitive (认知) abilities.” Dementia is difficult to treat. Taking care of someone who has dementia is extremely demanding. And the disease is very frightening to sufferers. Chris Roberts suffers from dementia. He says the worst part of living with this disease was getting lost while driving. “The worst thing that I found was getting lost in the car, not just forgetting where I was going— I wouldn’t know where I was.” More than 47 million people around the world suffer from dementia. The World Health Organization reports that 60 percent of them live in low- and middle-income countries.

    We get vitamin D from some foods like nuts, lentils (扁豆) and fatty fish. We also get vitamin D from the sun. But that is not dependable. In some parts of the world, there is not enough sunlight to provide enough vitamin D. Also, sunblock prevents the vitamin from entering the body. To add to the problem, the skin’s ability to process vitamin D weakens as a person ages.

    Researchers at Rutgers University in New Jersey are exploring the relationship between vitamin D and dementia. The team recently measured vitamin D levels and cognitive ability in older people. Nutritional sciences professor Joshua Miller led the team. He said cognitive abilities differed among the study subjects. He said tests showed that about 60 percent of the group was low in vitamin D.

    32. Which of the following is true about vitamin D?

      A. Vitamin D can decrease people’s risk of heart diseases.

      B. Vitamin D helps the body fight against cancer.

      C. Vitamin D is mainly obtained from the sun.

      D. The need for Vitamin D decreases as people age.

    33. What does the underlined word “demanding” mean in Paragraph 2?

      A. Boring but rewarding.

        B. Disturbing and frightening.

      C. Disgusting and stressful.

        D. Hard and tiresome.

    34. What does Paragraph 3 mainly talk about?

      A. How vitamin D affects people’s health.

      B. Where people get vitamin D.

      C. Whether sunlight can produce vitamin D.

      D. Why people’s age influences the production of vitamin D.

    35. Where can we most probably read the passage?

      A. In a travel brochure.

        B. In a literature magazine.

      C. In a science journal.

        D. In a commercial advertisement.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:健康保健类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:18 入库时间:2016-08-16
    来源: 湖南省五市十校教研教改共同体2015-2016学年高二下学期期末考试试题 Word版含答案.doc

    When asked about happiness, we usually think of something extraordinary, an absolute delight, which seems to get rarer the older we get.

    For kids, happiness has a magical quality. Their delight at winning a race or getting a new bike is unreserved (毫无掩饰的).

    In the teenage years the concept of happiness changes. Suddenly it's conditional on such things as excitement, love and popularity. I can still recall the excitement of being invited to dance with the most attractive boy at the school party.

    In adulthood the things that bring deep joylove, marriage, birthalso bring responsibility and the risk of loss. For adults, happiness is complicated (复杂的) .

    My definition of happiness is “the capacity for enjoyment”. The more we can enjoy what we have, the happier we are. It’s easy to overlook the pleasure we get from the company of friends, the freedom to live where we please, and even good health.

    I experienced my little moments of pleasure yesterday. First I was overjoyed when I shut the last lunch-box and had the house to myself. Then I spent an uninterrupted morning writing, which I love. When the kids and my husband came home, I enjoyed their noise after the quiet of the day.

    Psychologists tell us that to be happy we need a mix of enjoyable leisure time and satisfying work. I don’t think that my grandmother, who raised 14 children, had much of either. She did have a network of close friends and family, and maybe this is what satisfied her.

    We, however, with so many choices and such pressure to succeed in every area, have turned happiness into one more thing we’ve got to have. We’re so self-conscious about our “right” to it that it’s making us miserable. So we chase it and equal it with wealth and success, without noticing that the people who have those things aren’t necessarily happier.

    Happiness isn’t about what happens to us—it’s about how we see what happens to us. It’s the skillful way of finding a positive for every negative. It’s not wishing for what we don’t have, but enjoying what we do possess.

    28. As one grows older, one ______.

         A. tends to believe responsibility means happiness

        B. associates his/her happiness less with others

        C. will take fewer risks in pursuing happiness

        D. feels it harder to experience happiness

    29. What can we learn about the author from Paragraphs 5 and 6?

         A. She cares little about her own health.

        B. She is easily satisfied by things in daily life.

        C. She enjoys the freedom of traveling.

        D. She prefers getting pleasure from housework.

    30. People who equal happiness with wealth and success ______.

         A. pay too much attention to their right to happiness

        B. consider pressure something blocking their way

        C. are at a loss to make correct choices

        D. are more likely to be happy

    31. Which of the following can best explain the main idea of the passage?

         A. God helps those who help themselves.

        B. Each man is the master of his own fate.

        C. Happy is he who is content.

        D. Success leads to happiness.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:健康保健类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:27 入库时间:2016-08-12
    来源: 陕西省西安市临潼区华清中学2016届高三第三次自主命题英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Eating too much fatty food, exercising too little and smoking can raise your future risk of heart disease. But there is another factor that can cause your heart problems more immediately: the air you breathe.

    Previous studies have linked high exposure (暴露)to environmental pollution to an increased risk of heart problem, but two analyses now show that poor air quality can lead to heart attack or stroke (中风)within as little as a few hours after exposure. In one review of the research, scientists found that people exposed to high levels of pollutants (污染物)were up to 5% more likely to suffer a heart attack within days of exposure than those with lower exposure. A separate study of stroke patients showed that even air that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) considers to be of “moderate” (良好)quality and relatively safe for our health can raise the risk of stroke as much as 34% within 12 to 14 hours of exposure.

    The authors of both studies stress that these risks are relatively small for healthy people and certainly modest compared with other risk factors such as smoking and high blood pressure. However, it is important to be aware of these dangers because everyone is exposed to air pollution regardless of lifestyle choices. So stricter regulation by the EPA of pollutants may not only improve environmental air quality but could also become necessary to protect public health.

    28. The text mainly discusses the relationship between __________.

    A. heart problems and air quality      B. heart problems and exercising

    C. heart problems and smoking         D. heart problems and fatty food

    29. The underlined word “modest” in Paragraph 3 most probably means           .

    A. relatively high                    B. extremely low

    C. relatively low                     D. extremely high

    30. What can we learn from the text?  

    A. Eating fatty food has immediate effects on your heart.

    B. The EPA conducted many studies on air quality.

    C. Moderate air quality is more harmful than smoking,

    D. Stricter regulations on pollutants should be made.

    31. The author’s purpose of writing the text is most likely to __________.

    A. inform          B. persuade          C. describe      D. entertain

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:健康保健类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:13 入库时间:2016-08-10
    来源: 宁夏育才中学2015-2016学年高一下学期期中考试试卷 试题及答案解析word版.doc

    People who are slightly overweight or mildly obese(肥胖的) have a lower risk of early death than normal weight individuals(个人;个体), according to a new analysis of nearly 100 international studies.

        The studies, most conducted within the past decade, included about three million adults from around the world. The result of these studies by researchers at the National Center for Health Statistics in Maryland, part of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, shows that slightly overweight or obese people were six percent less likely to die from all causes compared to people of normal weight. But the researchers found that seriously obese individuals were still at a 30 percent greater risk of death compared to healthy-weight individuals.

         Study lead author Katherine Flegal says she was not surprised that overweight people would not have a higher death risk. “Because we'd actually already read a lot of this literature and realized that death rates for overweight would be at least not higher than normal[weight," she said. “I guess l was a little bit surprised that it was definitely lower. And l was also surprised that the lower rates of obesity didn't seem to differ from normal weight."

        But Flegal stresses the difference in death rates appear to be small between normal-weight people and overweight and mildly obese individuals.

        The finding by Flegal and colleagues have raised new questions about the reliability(可靠性)of the so-called "body mass index" or BMI, a measurement of body fat as a ratio(比例,比率)of height to weight, that has become popular in recent years among public health experts to measure potential health risks.

        But Heymsfield warns that individuals should not conclude that it's okay to put on extra kilograms, since being at a healthy weight lowers the risk for heart disease and diabetes.

    25. Katherine Flegal feels surprised at the fact that____.

        A. obese people have higher death rates

        B. slightly obese people have lower death rates

        C. obese people tend to die early

        D. death rates have nothing to do with body weight

    26. What do we learn from the fifth paragraph?

        A. BMI may not be so reliable.

        B. The study provides further evidence for BMI.

        C. BMI tells nothing about potential health risks.

        D. BMI has been much questioned recently.

    27. What can we conclude from the passage'?

        A. It's OK to put on extra weight.

        B. It doesn't matter if you are slightly obese.

        C. Obese people are much healthier.

        D. Body weight has nothing to do with death rates.

    28. What topic does the passage mainly deal with?

    A. Technology.    B. Dieting.    C. Health.    D. Death.  

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:健康保健类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:9 入库时间:2016-08-09
    来源: 江西省上高县第二中学2015-2016学年高一下学期期末试卷 试题及答案解析word版.doc

    Living near the beach may come with an extra perk (利益): better health. A new study analyzed information from more than 48 million people in England and found that the nearer they lived to the coast, the more likely people were to report good health within the past year.

    Living near the coast may be associated with better health because the seaside environment reduces stress, the researchers said. They pointed to another British study that found that people who took trips to the coast experienced more feelings of calmness and relaxation than those who visited urban parks or the countryside.

    The difference from living near the coast was relatively small. But a small effect, when applied to an entire population can have a substantial impact on public health ,said study researcher Ben Wheeler of Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry in Exeter, England.

    However, it’s too soon to advise people to hit the beach to improve health, Wheeler said. The study only found an association, not a cause-effect link, and it’s possible that other factors could explain the results. For instance, it could be that people who are wealthier, and therefore healthier, are more able to move to desired locations such as the coast, Wheeler said, a phenomenon known as the migrant effect. But the study did find that the association between coastal living and better health was strongest for those living in the poorest areas, which perhaps indicates that wealth cannot explain the results, Wheeler said.

    Because the study looked at only England—an island country in which everyone lives within 72 miles of the coast—it’s not clear whether the findings would apply to other populations. Far from England, a health expert not involved in the study said that while the British research certainly doesn’t prove that people’s health and the place they live are linked, it’s possible that proximity to the seas does something for our bodies.

    If future studies confirm the results, the next step would be to find out it is what coastal environments that can benefit health. Wheeler said it may then be possible to bring those benefits to people living in other areas, through virtual environments, for instance.

    28. We can conclude from the passage that ______.

      A. people are encouraged to move to the coast

      B. people living near the sea may be healthier

      C. people pay increasingly attention to health

      D. people are worried about residential environment

    29. According to the researchers, living near the sea ______.

      A. doesn’t nearly affect the British population

      B. can cure some difficult diseases in a way

      C. can help get over one’s stress

      D. means freeing from sadness or troubles

    30. What Ben Wheeler said means ______.

      A. the British public health is decreasing

      B. concrete evidence favors life near the sea

      C. wealthier people are likely to be healthier

      D. exact reasons are proposed for further research

    31. What does the underlined word “proximity” in the passage mean?

      A. being close B. being distant C. being similar D. being opposite

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:健康保健类阅读