难度:    题型:   

 排  序  方  式       
试题篮试题分布情况

  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2017-05-17
    来源: 陕西省咸阳市2017届高三二模英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    China dropped its decades-long, one-child policy last year to allow each family to have two children. This change has put 270 million married women of childbearing age in the position of choosing between family and work. The employers also face big challenges as more female workers will have two maternity leaves(产假)for a total of seven to eight months.

    In a survey published by classified advertising website Ganji.com, career women who might be considering having a second child were asked what kinds of pressure they might expect. More than 76 percent of the women who were questioned mentioned concerns about the financial burden of raising two children, while more than 71 percent said it would be difficult to balance career and family. In addition, nearly 56 percent said that having a second child would definitely have a negative effect on their career.

    Another survey conducted by Chongqing-based human resources webstie job.cq.qq.com found that over 70 percent of job seekers believe that having a second child would make females less popular in the job market, although two-thirds of the employers said the policy will make no difference in their employment of staff.

    Feng Lijuan, s senior expert on human resources at 51 job.com, a leading Chinese job finding platform, said she would not say “there is prejudice against career women.” Feng said Chinese women shoulder more family responsibility. “It is not only about maternity leave; a female employee might only fully get back to work after three to five yeas after having her first child.”

    Wang Yixin, a senior employment adviser, said the positive side is that more companies are trying to attract more talents by providing support to career women. “Different from before, it is not only employers choosing employees. Many talents, including professional career women, also choose employers.” said Wang. “According to our survey, many large companies are very open to their employees’ choice of having a second child.”

    28. Women employees take longer time to concentrate on work after childbirth because __________.

       A. there is more prejudice against career women

       B. they have longer maternity leaves to enjoy

       C. they shoulder more family responsibility

       C. having a second child makes them less popular

    29. What are women concerned about when having two children in the first survey?

       ①Financial burden of raising two children

       ②Fewer opportunities to get a pay rise

       ③Negative effects on their career

       ④Difficulty in balancing career and family

       A. ①②③                B.②③④               C. ①②④           D.①③④

    30. Which of the following shows the structure of the whole text?

    (P: Paragraph)

    31. Which is the best title for the next?

       A. Disadvantages of Raising Two Children           B. Responsibilities of Career Women

       C. Effects of Two-child of Policy on Women         D. Attitudes of Employers to Women

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:社会现象类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:9 入库时间:2017-04-30
    来源: 河北省邯郸市成安县第一中学2016-2017学年高一下学期第一次月考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Housework is a frequent source of disputes (争论) between lazy husbands and their hard-working wives, but women have been warned not to expect men to pull their weight any time soon.

    A study from Oxford University has found that men are unlikely to be doing an equal share of housework before 2050. Mothers, the researchers warned, will continue to shoulder the burden of childcare and housework for the next four decades, largely because housework such as cleaning and cooking is still regarded as womens work.

    The gap between the amount of time men and women spend on housework has narrowed slowly over the past 40 years. But it will take another four decades before true housework equality (平等) is achieved, the study concluded.The research found that in the Nordic countries, the burden of housework is shared more equally between men and women. In the UK, women spend an average of four hours and forty minutes each day on housework, compared with two hours and twenty-eight minutes for men. This is an improvement from the 1960s, when British women typically spent six hours a day on housework, while men spent just 90 minutes every day.

    But progress towards housework equality appears to be slowing in some countries. Dr Oriel Sullivan, a research reader from Oxfords Department of Sociology, said, weve looked at what is affecting the equality in the home, and we have found that certain tasks seem to be given according to whether they are viewed as mens work or womens work.

    Dr Sullivan said cultural attitudes taught at school may be responsible for the views of housework. At school it is much easier for a girl to be a tomboy, but it is much more difficult for a boy to enjoy baking and dancing, she said.
    28.The underlined part
    pull their weight in Paragraph 1 probably refers to __________.
           A.lose weight               B.be lazy
           C.earn money               D.do equal housework
    29.Women will continue to do more housework before 2050 mainly because _________.
           A.men are too busy to help
           B.they would like to do so
           C.they can do better in housework
           D.housework will still be considered as women
    s work
    30.From Paragraph 4 we know that in the UK ___________.
           A.men now spend just 90 minutes a day on housework on average
           B.women now are too busy with their work to do housework
           C.women now spend less time on housework than before
           D.housework is shared equally between men and women
    31.In Dr Sullivan
    s opinion, what is to blame for the housework inequality?
           A.Cultural attitudes towards housework.
           B.Policies made by the government.
           C.The time spent on work.
           D.The type of housework.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:社会现象类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:4 入库时间:2017-04-27
    来源: 安徽省巢湖市柘皋中学2016-2017学年高二下学期第三次月考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Chinas new term, tuhao, may be in next years Oxford EnglishDictionary. The word caught the attention of the dictionary's editing team after BBCs recent program on influential Chinese words. If its influence continues, it is very likely to appear on our updated list of words, said Julie Kleeman, project manager with the editing team.

    In Chinese tu means uncouth (笨拙的) and hao means rich. It has traditionally been referred to rich people who throw their weight around in Chinas countryside. The word became more popular in September with the launch of Apples new gold-colored iPhone, which is loved by Chinas rich people. The color became known as tuhao gold. The word is now also used by the online community to refer to people who have the cash but lack the class to go with it. Kleeman also mentioned two other Chinese words dama and hukou which may also make it into the dictionary.

    People can have an intuitive (直观的) grasp of the meanings if they see pinyin, Kleeman said, adding that people avoid using an English word to keep the original meaning.

    We have nearly 120 Chinese-linked words now in Oxford English Dictionary, she said. Some of them are: Guanxi, which means connection; Taikonaut, a mix of taikong, meaning outer space, and astronaut.

    The new words will be first uploaded on the official websitebefore the dictionaries arrive. The online version is also renewed every three months. It at least broke our old rules. It used to take 10 years to include a new word but now we keep the pace with the time, according to a statement from ex-chief-editor John Simpson.

    29. Which of the following statements is true according to the text?

    A. Dama and hukou have made it into Oxford English dictionary.

    B. Some influential Chinese words appeared on one of BBCs recent programs.

    C. tuhao refers to people who have both the cash and the class.

    D. John Simpson thinks that it is not good to break old rules.

    30. What does the underlined part in paragraph 2 mean?

    A  Go on a diet.             B. Get ready to help others.

    C. Give orders to others.     D. Put on weight.

    31. Tuhao becomes more popular in September partly because ______.

    A. it is very likely to appear in Oxford English Dictionary

    B. Apple launched a new gold-colored iPhone

    C. people use Chinese pinyin to keep the original meaning

    D. it is often used by the online community

    32. The main idea of the text is that ______.

    A. Oxford English Dictionary Includes new words faster than before

      B. sometimes pinyin makes Chinese words better understood

    C. tuhao has a new meaning at the present time

    D. tuhao may end up in Oxford English Dictionary

    .

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:社会现象类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:4 入库时间:2017-04-27
    来源: 山东省曲阜师范大学附属中学2016-2017学年高二下学期第一次月考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    After a terrible electrical accident, which caused him to become both blind and deaf, the whole world became completely dark and quiet for Robert Edwards for almost ten years. The loss of sight and hearing threw him into such sadness that he tried a few times to put an end to his life. His family, especially his wife, did their best to look after and comfort him and finally he regained the will to live.

    One hot summer afternoon, he was taking a walk with a stick near his house when a thunderstorm started all at once. He stood under a large tree to avoid getting wet, but he was struck by the lightning. Witnesses thought he was dead but he woke up some 20 minutes later lying face down in muddy water at the base of the tree. He was shaking badly, but when he opened his eyes, he could hardly believe what he saw: a plough and a wall. When Mrs. Edwards came running up to him, shouting to their neighbors to call for help, he could see her and hear her voice for the first time in nearly ten years.

    The news of Robert regaining his sight and hearing quickly spread and many doctors came to examine him. Most of them said that he regained his sight and hearing from the shock he got from the lightning. However, none of them could give a real answer as to why this should have happened. The only reasonable explanation given by one doctor was that, since Robert lost his sight and hearing as a result of a sudden shock, perhaps, the only way for him to regain them was by another sudden shock.

    24. The reason for Robert’s attempts to kill himself was that ___________..

    A. a terrible traffic accident happened to him          

    B. he had to live in a dark and silent world

    C. he was struck by the lightning once more           

    D. nobody in the world cared about him

    25. What was Robert doing when he was struck by the lightning?

    A. Sheltering from the rain under a tree.       

    B. Driving a car.

    C. Taking a walk with his wife.                

    D. Lying on the ground.

    26. Which of the following sentences is NOT true according to the passage?

    A. Robert had been deaf and blind for nearly ten years.

    B. Robert hid himself under the tree for 20 minutes.

    C. Robert could hear his wife’s shouting for help when he woke up.

    D. The family’s love helped Robert regain confidence to live.

    27. We can infer from the text that ___________.

    A. there was no exact explanation for Robert’s recovery

    B. many doctors came because Robert was badly injured

    C. Robert’s wife sent for doctors immediately after the shock

    D. a sudden injury in the head led to Robert’s recovery

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:社会现象类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2017-04-22
    来源: 广东广州市天河外国语学校2017届高三下学期英语3月月考试题 Word版含答案.doc

    You never played the video dance game? Now such games are used to help lose weight!

           Like many other teenage boys, Jones loves sports. But at 5 feet, 175 pounds, he found his weight in trouble. His doctor wanted him to lose 50 pounds so that he may be a good football game player by the end of the summer.

           Jones chose the popular Dance Revolution video game at home to increase his activity. He had lost about 10 pounds by changing his diet. Now, after two weeks’ playing the game, he has lost another 10!

           A health study is being done by an insurance company. The company hopes that the game will lead to better health and lower costs. “Obesity claims (肥胖索赔) last year cost us $ 77 million. We have to cut those costs,” said a member of the insurance group. The company provides a game console (游戏主机), a dance mat and software for the six-month, $ 60,000 study.

           The study is more than a commercial thing of an insurance company. It is widely supported by physical education and health professionals.

           In West Virginia, 43% of the nearly 6,000 children examined for heart disease risk were considered over-weighted; more than 25% were too fat. “We are in a crisis of childhood obesity not only in West Virginia but in America,” said a researcher.

           Researchers are now looking at the potential for improving effects by using the game. A teacher in West Virginia has been using the video games in her classes since last fall. She reported that the game does improve heart health as well as eye-hand coordination (协调能力), and her students take the video game as a great alternative to jumping rope or ball games.

           The US Education Department is putting the game in 20 schools to control childhood obesity. Well, are you going to try such to dance away your extra weight?

    56. The underlined part is trying to tell us _____.

    A. the study involves many insurance companies

    B. the study is only an insurance company’s business

    C. the study is less important than the insurance company’s money

    D. it’s not only the insurance company that is concerned about the study

    57. It can be inferred that _____.

    A. the government thinks highly of the dance game

    B. in West Virginia, more than 25 % of the adults were too fat

    C. a teacher is a failure in using the video game in her classes

    D. the US Education Department isn’t interested in the game

    58. The most suitable title of the passage is _____.

    A. Dance Away Your Weight     B. Play the Video Dance Game   

    C. Solve the Problem of Obesity  D. Cut the Cost of Obesity Claims

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:社会现象类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2017-04-20
    来源: 新疆呼图壁县第一中学2016-2017学年高二期末考试英语试卷 Word版含答案.doc

        Many teenagers(青少年) feel that the most important people in their lives are their friends They believe that their family members don’t understand them as well as their friends doIn large families, it is quite often for brothers and sisters to fight with each other and then they can only go to their friends for some ideas*% ziyuanku.com

    It is very important for teenagers to have one good friend or a group of friends Even when they are not with their friends, they usually spend a lot of time talking among themselves on the phone This communication(交际)is very important in children’s growing up, because friends can discuss(讨论)something These things are difficult to say to their family members

    However, parents often try to choose their children friends for them Some parents may even stop their children from meeting their good friends Have you ever thought of the following questions? *%

    Who chooses your friends?

    Do you choose your friends or your friends choose you?

    Have you got a good friend your parents don’t like? *%

    Your answers are welcome

    36Many teenagers think that _ __ can understand them better

      Afriends   Bbrothers   Csisters   Dparents

    37When teenagers have something difficult to say to their parents, they usually____

     Astay alone at home     Bfight with their parents

     Cdiscuss it with their friends   Dgo to their brothers and sisters for help*% ziyuanku.com

    38Which of the following is the writer’s attitude(态度)?        

     AParents should choose friends for their children

     BChildren should choose everything they like

     CParents should understand their children better

     DTeenagers should only go to their friends for help

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:社会现象类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:4 入库时间:2017-04-19
    来源: 四川省乐山市2016-2017学年高二上学期期末考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    It’s an ordinary morninglike all the othersBut instead of being woken up by the buzzing of an alarm clock, youll be roused by the smell of freshly made coffeelight entering your room as the curtains open automaticallyand a gentle back massage(按摩)provided by your high-tech bed.

    This is what a typical(典型的) person's life will be like two decades from nowaccording to The Guardian. Want to know more?

    After you get up, your apartment will be like an electronic orchestra with you as the conductor. With simple moves of your hand and spoken instructions, you’ll be able to control your apartment’s temperature, humidity, music and lighting. You’ll be able to look through the day’s news on translucent screens while your breakfast waits for you in the automatic oven.

    As you move into your kitchen, you might accidentally hit your toe on a cupboard. If you do, you’ll grab your cell phone and open the diagnostics(诊断) app. Inside your phone there will be a tiny microchip(芯片) that uses X-ray waves to scan your body. The scan will tell whether your toe is bruised or broken.

    After breakfast, your driverless car will take you to work. While you “drive”, your central computer system will suggest a list of chores(家务事)that your housekeeping robots can do that day and it will also remind you to buy a gift for your mother’s upcoming birthday.

    As you can see, with the help of advanced technology, our lives will be more efficient(有效率的). Technology will mitigate our forgetfulness and free us of many small burdens that distract us, such as buying a ticket. Our brain will therefore be able to focus on more important things like preparing for a presentation or doing “deep thinking”.

    However, the development of technology might have some disadvantages as well. By 2036, we’ll be relying heavily on the virtual(虚拟的) world, which will mean that all of our data will be stored in the clouda remote digital storage system with near limitless capacity(容量). That will increase the possibility of someone else accessing, sharing or manipulating(操控) our personal information.

    33. What might be the author’s purpose in writing the text?

    A. To stress the importance of developing technology.

    B. To remind people not to depend too much on computers

    C. To introduce one new invention that will benefit our future lives.

    D. To describe how advanced technologies will affect our future lives.

    34. According to the text, in two decades,       .

    A. you’ll be able to rely on an electronic orchestra to wake you up instead of an alarm clock

    B. a tiny microchip in your phone will treat you when you are sick

    C. you will be able to adjust the conditions of your apartment via oral instructions or simple hand gestures

    D. technology will be smart enough to help us with important things like preparing for a presentation

    35. What does the underlined word “mitigate” in Paragraph 6 mean?

    A. Make up for.  B. Worsen.     C. Cure.        D. Take advantage of.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:社会现象类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:3 入库时间:2017-04-19
    来源: 绍兴市第一中学2016学年第一学期期末测试最终稿.doc

    Parents annoyed by their children’s picky eating habits have taken to social media to share a host of creative ways to deal with them in a new thread gaining popularity online. In these lunch box notes posted onto sites, mothers and fathers have used threats, persuasion and even little white lies to talk their youngsters into finishing their sandwiches.

    One talented father created the tag “Dadfact” in an effort to persuade his child into eating their sandwiches using information that might not be completely reliable. He scribbled on a napkin, “Every time you don’t eat your sandwich a unicorn(独角兽) dies Dadfact Love, Dad”. A further technique from a separate note was a drawing of a scary monster, ordering the little one to, “Eat your food!”

    Everyone knows coming to terms with bread crusts is a difficult job. One parent’s inspiring note encouraged their child to leave the world of crustless sandwiches behind. They wrote, “I left the crusts on. Today is the first day of the rest of your life.”

    Another cheered on their child with a note which read, “You can do it! Love yourself.” A father appeared to be laying down the law when he wrote, “New rule: I will keep packing this sandwich until you eat it. Good luck. Love, Dad.”

    One youngster Julian retorted (反驳) with a handwritten moan of his own. When his mother wrote to him, saying, “Dear Julian, have a great day, love Mom”, he replied simply on the same piece of paper, in big letter, “I will not.”

    But cheery parents shared more positive feelings on post it’s attached to their children’s lunch. A mother wrote, “Have a great day! I love you.” Another simply put, “You are my sunshine.”

    Other parents shared jokes in their children’s lunchbox to perk them up during the day. One included, “When do astronauts eat? At launch time.” And another shared, “Why did the student eat his homework? Because the teacher said it’s a piece of cake.”

    27. What does the underlined phrase “perk...up” mean in the last paragraph?

    A. make active           B. make feel proud               C. give promise             D. give praise

    28. By saying “Every time you don’t eat your sandwich a unicorn dies Dadfact Love, Dad”, the parents are actually giving their children ________.

    A. persuasion.           B. encouragement.                C. threats.                    D. white lies.

    29. Most parents leave notes in their children’s lunch boxes by _____________.

    A. drawing pictures                                              B. playing word games  

    C. quoting sayings                                               D. using further technique

    30. How do the children respond to the notes according to the passage?

    A. The children are very particular about the notes.

    B. The children are greatly motivated by the encouraging notes.

    C. Not all children feel cheered and inspired at the notes.

    D. None of the children are touched by the messages in the notes.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:社会现象类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2017-04-19
    来源: 绍兴市第一中学2016学年第一学期期末测试最终稿.doc

    The Edge office building in Amsterdam prides itself on good coffee, lots of natural light---no desk is far from a window and a gym that allows you not just to get fit but also to contribute to the energy supply of the office.

    It also cleans its toilets with rainwater, has a robot security guard that will challenge you if you wander around at night and a whole range of clever technology to make the building sustainable.

    The developers behind it, Dutch firm OVG, likes it so much that they moved in when it was finished.

    So is the office that has already been called the world’s greenest, really as smart as it seems?

    The building, whose main tenant (租客) is consultancy firm Deloitte and was designed by London-based architects PLP Architecture, has “smart” ceilings equipped with 28000 sensors, which measure temperature, light, motion and humidity. The lighting, designed by Phillips, is also smart each one of the LED panels is ultra-efficient and requires only a tiny amount of electricity.

    Workers can control the temperature, lighting and blinds via a series of apps on their smartphones and work is ongoing to consist with them.

    Users select the temperature they want from a sliding gauge (计量器) on their phone and it will in turn adjust the valves (阀门) in the pipes above their head. Each valve controls the temperature of around four desks so they do have to hope that the colleague sitting next to them is also happy with the change.

    Facilities manager Wybe Van der Mey tells me, with some degree of pride, that in the first year of opening he only received a handful of complaints about the heating. In a traditional building that would be our headache number one,” he said.

    24. Which of the following might be the best title for the passage?

    A. Office Building in the Future                      B. Well-equipped Office Building

    C. A Modern Building                               D. Tomorrow’s Smart Building

    25. It can be learned from the passage that in the office building _______.

    A. no robbery will take place in the daytime

    B. more electricity will be required

    C. users complain a lot about the lighting problem

    D. people will be able to work more efficiently

    26. Phones used to control the temperature are mentioned in the text to show _______.

    A. it is easy for people to communicate with each other

    B. it is convenient for people to use the building

    C. it is interesting to use phones sitting in the building

    D. it is fun to check the progress of the ongoing work

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:社会现象类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:4 入库时间:2017-04-18
    来源: 山东省烟台二中2016-2017学年高二下学期开学考试英语试卷 Word版含答案.doc

    My mother was diagnosed with Alzheimers (老年痴呆症)last summer. Suddenly, it was difficult for me to accept that the roles were now reversed---my mother became my child, and I became her mother. I became impatient, argued with her, once I even yelled at her. Gradually, I was used to this kind of life. Now I am able to deal with her and the situation better. I have learned a lot of life lessons from the experience. 

        My mother reacts very sensitively to my feelings. That is typical of Alzheimer’s patients. When I visit her, feeling hectic and tense, she reacts immediately, takes on my mood, and becomes nervous and negative. But when I cheerful and attentive, she is happy. This has taught me to pay more attention to my own feelings when I am with other people. 

        I always thought I was very tolerant, but in reality, my tolerance ran out as soon as someone turned away from what I considered “right”. With my mother I can now really be tolerant. Through her illness she has developed a childlike tactlessness. Eating out in restaurants, for example, is a bit embarrassing when she shouts at the waiter that the food is so bad or talks about people at the next table in a loud voice. Of course I make sure that my mother doesn’t offend anyone, but I’ve stopped complaining about others and have become more tolerant. 

        I have also learned that everything has special value. When my mother got sick I didn’t want to burden my two daughters with it. They are young and have enough going on with their education, and starting their careers. I felt that it was simply my job as my mother’s daughter. The most wonderful discovery I’ve made through my mother’s disease may be that my children not only offer to help me when they sense that I’m feeling overwhelmed, but that they take care of my mother on their own initiative. They visit her often, play cards with her, and look at photo albums together with her. It shows me that it’s all worth it.

    21.Which of the following is the best title of the passage?

    A.How I Cared for My Sick Mother

    B.What I Have Learned from Alzheimer’s

    C.How I Became More Tolerant

    D.Why I Am Feeling Overwhelmed

    22.Which of the following is common behavior of Alzheimer patients?

    A.Being sensitive to others’ moods

    B.Being curious about everything

    C.Being afraid of strange people

    D.Being particular about clothes

    23.We can infer that the writer’s daughters are ________.

    A.considerate      B.selfish      C.traditional     D.naughty

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:社会现象类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:9 入库时间:2017-02-23
    来源: 河北省武邑中学2016-2017学年高二上学期周考(12.18)英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    A child’s birthday party doesn’t have to be a hassle; it can be a basket of fun, according to Beth Anaclerio, an Evaston mother of two, aged 4 and 18 months.
        “Having a party at home usually requires a lot of running around on the part of the parents, and often the birthday boy or girl gets lost in wild excitement. But it really doesn’t have to be that way,” said Anaclerio. Last summer, Anaclerio and her friend Jill Carlisle, a Northbrook mother of a 2-year -old, founded a home party-planning business called “A Party in a Basket.” Their goal is to help parents and children share in the fun part of party planning, like choosing the subject or making a cake, while they take care of everything.
        Drawing on their experiences as mothers, they have created 10 ready-to-use, home party packages. Everything a family needs to plan a party, except the cake and ice cream, is delivered to the home in a large basket.

    “Our parties are aimed for children 2 to 10,” Anaclerio said, “and they’re very interactive and creative in that they build a sense of drama based on a subject. For example, at the Soda Shoppe party the guests become waiters and waitresses and build wonderful ice cream creations.”
        The standard $ 200 package for eight children includes a basket filled with invitations, gifts, games and prizes, paper goods, a party planner and the like. For more information, call Anaclerio at 708-864-6584 or Carlisle at 708-205-9141.

    32. What does the underlined word “hassle”(paragraph 1) probably mean ?

    A. a situation causing difficulty or trouble

    B. a plan requiring careful thought

    C. a party designed by specialists

    D. a demand made by guests

    33.The most important idea behind the kind of party planning described here is that ________.

    A. parents are spared the trouble of sending invitations

    B. guests play a part in the preparation of a party

    C. it brings parents and children closer together

    D. it provides a subject of conversation

    34. The main purpose of writing this text is ________.

    A. to share information about party planning

    B. to introduce the joys of a birthday party

    C. to announce a business plan

    D. to sell a service

    35. Which of the following is most likely to be a party planner?     

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:社会现象类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:11 入库时间:2017-02-17
    来源: 福建省福州外国语学校2016-2017学年高二上学期期末模拟考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    BEIJING, China -- Chinese leaders announced on Thursday that they would officially end the country’s “one-child policy,” allowing couples to have two children instead. The policy, which was designed to help curb the country's population growth, has been one of the most controversial policies of the last century. Here's what you need to know now that the policy is on its way out.

    Under Chairman Mao Zedong’s rule between 1949 and 1976, China’s population nearly doubled to 940 million people. That spike , combined with growing fears of global overpopulation, inspired China’s leaders to attempt to slow further growth.

    China established the one-child policy in 1979. The “one-child” label itself is a bit of a misnomer使用不的名称. While urban families have largely been limited to one child, many couples were given exceptions, including ethnic minorities, rural families whose first child was a daughter and couples who were both only children. Still, for decades anyone who

    exceeded(超过) the birth limits was subject to escalating使上涨fines, as well as forced sterilizations(不孕) and abortions .

    Chinese leaders and experts now see the policy as fueling激起 massive economic and social problems. Limiting births has contributed to unfavorable demographics(人口统计资料), with a shrinking number of people supporting an ever-growing retired population. The countrys economy once benefited from a   demographic dividend of a swollen

    working-age population, but China is starting to pay that debt down in the form of slowing growth and higher spending on health and retirements.

    On top of age imbalances, the policy has also helped fuel an enormous sex-ratio(性别

    imbalance: Experts predict that by 2020 China will have 30 million more marriage-age men than

    women. Traditional preferences for boys meant that families limited to one or two children often practiced illegal sex-selective abortions or abandoned newborn daughters. Authorities fear the resulting generation of bachelors(单身汉) could contribute to crime and social instability.

    The Chinese Communist Party said it would allow for second children in all families, but further details on timing and regulations for “excess births” haven’t been announced. This is the latest and most decisive in a progressive series of steps to loosen the policy -- most notably, a change in 2013 allowed couples to have an extra child if either parent was an only child.

    28.   Which is the closest meaning of the underlined word “curb” in para.1 ?

    A.  advance                   B. cut                      C. control                  D. speed

    29.   Which was NOT the exception that a couple could have a second child before now ?

    A.  If they are ethnic minorities

    B.  If they are families whose first child was a daughter

    C.  If either parent was an only child

    D.  If they are couples who were both only children.

    30.    Why do experts predict that by 2020 China will have 30 million more marriage-age men than women?

    A.  Due to people’s age imbalances

    B.  Due to people’s practice of illegal sex-selective abortions

    C.  Due to people’s abandoning their newborn babies

    D.  Due to people’s traditional preferences for boys

    31.   Which may be the economic problem fueled by the policy?

    A.  A growing number of people supporting an ever-shrinking retired population

    B.  Higher spending on health and retirements

    C.  Crime and social instability

    D.  An enormous sex-ratio imbalance

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:社会现象类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:32 入库时间:2017-01-01
    来源: 福建省莆田第八中学2015-2016学年高二下学期期中考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Your friends might be in Australia or may be just down the road, but they are all just a few clicks(点击) away. Life has changed for millions of young people across the world who now make friends online. Whether you use chat-rooms, QQ, MSN or ICQ, you are a member of this group.

    “I don’t often talk with my parents or grand-parents, but I talk a lot with my old friends on QQ,” said Fox’s Shadow, the online name used by a girl student in China. “Most of my classmates use QQ after school.”

     QQ is the biggest messaging service in China. A recorder from Tencent, the company which developed QQ, shows that 4 million people used it one Saturday night in October. And probably Fox’s Shadow was one of them. “I log in(登陆) on Friday nights, and Saturdays when I feel everything around me boring. I usually spend about ten hours chatting on-line every week,” she said. “But I never talk with strangers, especially boys or men.”

    Even though she likes chatting, she is careful about making friends with strangers online. “You don’t know who you’re talking to. You should always be careful about whom you believe in online.” Many people would like to meet offline when they feel they have got to know someone very well. Fox’s Shadow once met one of her online friends face to face. It was a girl who was a football fan like herself and they went to a football match together.

    A 16-year-old Beijing boy, named Bart Simon online, dislikes QQ uses. “I used to chat on QQ, but I found that most people were talking about foolish things,” he said. Now he chats online in English, using MSN. “I only chat online because I’ve got friends in Japan, the US and Singapore,” he said. “I want to learn more about foreign cultures.” But he spends little time chatting on QQ as he sees it as a waste of time and money.

    “If you are really addicted to it, sometimes you can’t give your mind to your lessons,” he said. “And friends in your real life are always more important than those so-called friends you meet online.”

    25. People meet face to face offline when they think they _____.

    A. have known each other well

    B. have the same interest

    C. have enough free time

    D. have nothing to do

    26. Fox’s Shadow thinks QQ is ______.

    A. the biggest messaging service in China

    B. a good place to spend her time when bored

    C. a safe place to chat with strangers

    D. the best place to make friends

    27. From the passage, we know “they are all just a few clicks away” means ________.

    A. it is wonderful to see your friends by clicking

    B. it is easy and fast to get in touch with your friends

    C. it is possible to live much closer to your friends

    D. it is popular to make friends online

    28. Which of the following sentence is TRUE according to the passage?

    A. All the people on QQ are talking about foolish things.

    B. Chatting online is a waste of time and money.

    C. We should be careful about boys or men online.

    D. We should think more of our friends on real life.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:社会现象类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:18 入库时间:2016-12-31
    来源: 安徽省郎溪县郎溪中学2016-2017学年高二上学期第一次(10月)月考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

        Texting(发短信)walkers aren't just an annoyance to other walkers, Australian researchers armed with movie special-effects technology have determined scientifically that they're threats to themselves. Using motion-capture technology similar to that used for films, researchers concluded that texting while walking not only affects balance but also the ability to walk in straight line.

        “Some people like checking emails while walking to work in the morning” said the study co-author Hoorn, “but they may not know it has a serious effect on the safety of themselves”. Other facts have also proved this. A tourist from Taiwan walked off a pier near Melbourne last month while checking Facebook, bringing a sudden and icy end to a penguin-watching visit. Another person who was too wrapped up in his phone to notice dangers walked straight into the fountain in front of a shopping mall.

        The Australian study involved 27 volunteers, a third of whom admitted having knocked into objects while texting. They were asked to walk 8.5 meters three times—once without phones, once while reading text and once while writing text, when eight cameras recorded their actions.

        They found the volunteers using the phone walked slower, and, more seriously, they locked their arms and elbows in like “robots”, which forced their heads to move more, throwing themselves off balance. “In a pedestrian(步行的)environment, inability to maintain a straight path would be likely to increase potential for traffic accidents”, said Mr. Hoorn. “The best thing to do is to step aside and stop, or keep off the phone.”

        Authorities world-wide have taken note. Signs on Hong Kong's subway system advise passengers in three languages to keep their eyes off their phones. Police and transport authorities have highlighted the danger in Singapore, where the Straits Times newspaper recently declared cellphone-distracted road crossing as “bad habit No. 2” contributing to the rising number of road deaths. Some U.S. states, including New York and Arkansas, are considering bans on what they're calling phone jaywalking(走路不遵守交通规则).

    32. According to the passage, people texting while walking usually____________.

    A. put themselves in danger            B. do harm to their eyes

    C. do not influence other walkers        D. can still walk straight

    33. Which of the following words has the closest meaning to “wrapped up” in Paragraph 2?

    A. absent-minded       B. annoyed       C. absorbed        D. confused

    34. The two examples in Paragraph 2 are given in order to __________.

       A. prove texting walkers are threats to others  

    B. show texting walkers may harm themselves

    C. analyze the causes of the danger          

    D. amuse the readers

    35. About the Australian study, we know that___________.

    A. texting walkers are exposed to greater possibility of traffic accidents

    B. ten volunteers admitted having bumped into things while texting

    C. the volunteers were divided into three groups during the study

    D. the volunteers using phones while walking moved normally

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:社会现象类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:28 入库时间:2016-12-30
    来源: 宁夏银川九中2017届高三上学期第二次月考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Camping wild is a wonderful way to experience the natural world and, at it best, it makes little environmental influence. But with increasing numbers of people wanting to escape into the wilderness. It is becoming more and more important to camp unobtrusively(不引人注目的)and leave no mark. 

    Wild camping is not permitted in many places, particularly in crowded lowland Britain, Wherever you are, find out about organizations responsible for managing wild spaces, and contact them to find out their policy on camping and shelter building. For example, it is fine to camp wild in remote parts of Scotland, but in England you must ask the landowner’s permission, except in national parks. 

    Camping is about having relaxation, sleeping outdoors, experiencing bad weather, and making do without modern conveniences. A busy, fully-equipped campsite(野营地)seems to go against this, so seek out smaller, more remote places with easy access to open spaces and perhaps beaches. Better still, find a campsite with no road access: Walking in makes a real adventure.  

    Finding the right spot to camp is the first step to guaranteeing a good night’s sleep. Choose a campsite with privacy and minimum influence on others and the environment. Try to use an area where people have obviously camped before rather than creating a new spot. When camping in woodland, avoid standing dead trees, which may fall on a windy night. Avoid animal runs and caves, and possible homes of biting insects. Make sure you have most protection on the windward side. If you make a fire, do so downwind of your shelter. Always consider what influence you might have on the nature word. Avoid damaging plants. A good campsite is found, not made-changing it should be unnecessary.  

    24. You needn’t ask for permission when camping in _______.  

       A. most parts of England                     B. most parts of Scotland

       C. crowded lowland Britain                    D. national parks in England

    25. The author thinks that a good campsite is one _______. 

       A. with easy access                                   B.  with modern conveniences

    C. used previously                                 D. far away from beaches 

    26. The last paragraph mainly deals with _______.  

       A. protecting animals                      B. camping in woodland

       C. building a campfire                     D. finding a campsite with privacy 

    27. The passage is mainly about _______.

       A. the dos and don’ts of wild camping          B. the importance of wild camping 

       C. the human influence on campsites          D. the protection of campsites                                        

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:社会现象类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:5 入库时间:2016-12-20
    来源: 湖南省郴州市2017届高三第一次教学质量监测英语试卷 Word版含解析.doc

        Cosmetic (整形 )  surgery is usually performed to correct a physical abnormality or to

    enhance an otherwise normal physical feature and thus improve appearance. Cosmetic

    surgery is an extremely broad field that may offer reconstructive surgery for a patient after a

    damaging burn or other physical injuries yet can also be used to smooth out wrinkles or

    reshape a nose. Cosmetic surgery was first used regularly after World War I, when treatment

    and reconstruction of war injuries gave hope to young soldiers.

       As recently as fifty years ago, as the rich and famous began opting for elective

    cosmetic surgery, the subject was whispered about and considered taboo. Celebrities(名人)

    would disappear for months and then appear after secret cosmetic surgery looking younger,

    prettier, and thinner. Over time, cosmetic surgery has become accepted and even

    encouraged in some circles. Today there are even television reality shows about it.

             Some of the more popular forms of cosmetic surgery are liposuction(抽脂术 ), in which

    excessive fat is sucked out of the body with a tube and vacuum device; laser facial

    resurfacing, which smooths lines on the face around the eyes and mouth and eliminates

    facial  blemishes (瑕疵); and hair replacement surgery, which fills in balding areas using a

    patient's own hair. There are many more forms of cosmetic surgery including variations of

    these.

         Anyone interested in cosmetic surgery should consider the risks and remember that it

    is, ultimately, surgery. Not all procedures come out exactly the way doctors and patients

    foresee, and recovery is just like any other surgery, complete with pain and the possibility of

    infection(感染). While cosmetic surgery is an option, patients should choose doctors wisely,

    obtain several references, and keep realistic expectations.

    25. Which kind of person doesn't need a cosmetic surgery?

        A. A person who suffers a damaging burn.

        B. A person who wants to reshape nose.

        C. A person who needs to smooth out wrinkles.

         D. A person who wishes to get rid of headache.

    26. What is the main reason for a celebrity's opting for cosmetic surgery?

        A. The celebrity wants to disappear for months.

        B. The celebrity watches television shows about cosmetic surgery.

        C. The celebrity wants to be younger, prettier, and thinner.

         D. The celebrity is accepted by the entertainment circle.

    27. What is the third paragraph mainly about?

         A. The forms of cosmetic surgery.            B. The definition of cosmetic surgery.

         C. The effects of cosmetic surgery.           D. The advantages of cosmetic surgery.

    28. What is the author's attitude towards cosmetic surgery?

    A. Cautious.            B. Positive.       C. Negative.       D. Doubtful.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:社会现象类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:28 入库时间:2016-12-14
    来源: 2016年 《百校联盟》新课标II高考押题卷第七模拟英语试题 Word版含解析.doc

    It seems that the great desire among the young is to be popular. The desire to be popular can force you into looking and acting like everyone else. You can lose yourself in a sea of identical hairstyles and thinking styles.

    I was forced to think about popularity not too long ago in a talk I had with my daughter. Margy had to change schools when my busy work schedule made it necessary for me to move houses. I suppose that, for a girl in her teens, entering a new school is like spending a season alone in the tropical jungles. At least that’s how Margy found it at first. However, as the school year drew to a close, one student after another came to her. I told Margy that I would have been more concerned if she had been an instant social success in her new school. Nobody can please everyone. If you try to do so, you will find values as lasting as soap bubbles blown into the air.

    Some teenagers claim they want to dress as they please. But they all wear the same clothes. They set off in new directions in music. But somehow they all end up listening to the same record. Their reason for thinking or acting in a certain way is that the crowd is doing it. They have come out of their cocoon into a larger cocoon.

    I know that it has become harder for a young person to stand up against the popularity wave. Our way of life makes a young nonconformist stand out like a Martian. These days there’s a great barrier for the young person who wants to find his or her own path. But the barrier is worth climbing over. You may want to listen to classical music instead of going to a party. Well, go to it. Be yourself. Popularity will come with the people who respect you for who you are. That’s the only kind of popularity that really counts.

    12Why was the author worried about his daughter’s popularity in her new school?

    A.She might find no true friends.

    B.She would ignore her academic performance.

    C.She had no idea of her own.

    D.She might betray her true self.

    13What does the author think of most teenagers?

    A.They’re afraid of getting lost in life.

    B.They have difficulty understanding each other.

    C.They lack the courage to be truly different.

    D.They find it hard to gain popularity as expected.

    14What is the probable meaning of the underlined word "nonconformist" in Paragraph 4?

    A.Someone who cares about others’ opinion.

    B.Someone who desires popularity greatly.

    C.Someone who behaves in his own way.

    D.Someone who wants to please others.

    15What is the author’s purpose of writing this passage?

    A.To persuade readers to pursue valuable popularity.

    B.To tell parents how to guide their children.

    C.To criticize the present values and beliefs.

    D.To suggest a good way to be popular.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:社会现象类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:20 入库时间:2016-10-30
    来源: 福建省泉州市台商区惠南中学2015-2016学年高二3月月考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    The Orphan(孤儿)Trains began 75 years ago. They helped thousands of children without parents or homes. Some children were adopted by Christian families. Those who were not adopted were the official foster children.

    Most Orphan Train children found good homes with loving Christian families. But a few ended up with families who used the children as servants. Anyway, if a child were being badly treated, the Orphan Trains usually found him or her a new home. They were not only provided with food and shelter but also kept away from a life of crime.

    Clara and her two brothers were lucky to find good homes through the Orphan Trains. When Clara was about seven, her parents and a sister were killed when they tried to cross a river in New York State. She and her two brothers, five-year-old James and three-year-old Howard, were sent to different families in Kansas. Each child ended up with a different loving family. They were able to keep in touch with one another throughout their lives. Clara’s new mother was a school teacher. When she grew up, Clara married, moved to Texas and lived a happy life all through her life.

     In an interview, the grown-up “orphans” said they learned in the process of their life how important it is to be loved. They grew up to become loving, caring parents of their own children.

    21. We learn from the passage that the Orphan Trains was ________.

    A. a traffic means for orphans             B. an aid project for orphans

    C. an education organization               D. an advertisement company

    22. How did the Orphan Trains help orphan children?

    A. They tried to find food and shelter for those kids.

    B. The agents took a train to find the children’s homes.

    C. They managed to find loving homes for those children.

    D. They sent those homeless children to work as servants.

    23. What happened to Clara when she was seven years old?

    A. Her parents died in a flood.       B. She lost her parents and a sister.

    C. Her family arrived in New York.      D. She met her brothers James and Howard.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:社会现象类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:30 入库时间:2016-10-23
    来源: 福建省福州市第三中学2016届高三模拟考试英语试题 Word版含解析.doc

    The poaching(偷猎),or illegal killingof rhinos(犀牛) in South Africa is growing worse each yearThe government recently reported that a record number of rhinos were poached in 2015a year which had more rhino killings in South Africa than ever before [KS5UKS5U]

    The World Wildlife Fundor WWFsays about 20, 000 rhinos live in South Africa That is more than 80 percent of the rhinos in the world Edna Molewa South Africa’s Environment Ministersays, “During 2015we are sad to say this1, 215 rhinos were killedThis is a rise in the number of poached rhinos from 1,004 in 2014 and indeed very worrying.”

    The animals are hunted for their horns()Many people in Asia believe the horn has curing power which drives poachers at all costs mad for more horns But there is no scientific evidence for this beliefThe horn is made of keratin(角蛋白)That is the same thing as human hairfingernails and toenails

    MsMolewa said 386 suspected poachers were arrested last yearan increase from the year beforeBut rhino protection workers say poachers often go unpunished after arrest South Africa’s legal system is ineffective Ms Mo1ewa said more needs to be done and South Africa is taking strong measures to protect rhinosThe efforts include moving some of the animals to secret places in neighboring countries. “Now approximately 100 rhinos have been moved to neighboring states in the SADC region during 2015 and 200 more rhinos will be moved this year,” Molewa said

    Jo Shawthe rhino program manager at the WWFsaid “We’re talking about a loss of a hundred rhinos a monthor more than three a dayWe really need to see effective action not just at a national level but internationally” She says officials should find the criminal groups responsible for the poaching and punish them. Government officials are to meet in Botswana in March at the Inter-governmental Conference on Illegal Wildlife Trade
    28
    According to paragraph 2, we know______________.
    A
    Half of rhinos live in South Africa

    BLess than 1,000 rhinos were killed in 2014
    C
    The killing in 2014 was more than that in 2014
    D
    There are only 20,000 rhinos left in the world
    29
    What is the main reason for people to hunt rhinos?
    A
    To get more keratin           BTo protect the farmland
    C
    To use them for decoration     DTo make money from horns

    30Jo Shaw thinks that_________
    A
    many criminal groups are well organized
    B
    new laws are needed to punish the killers
    C
    rhino protection needs international cooperation
    D
    conferences about protecting rhinos are to be held every year
    31
    What can we infer from the text?              

    ARhino protection has a long way to go
    B
    No one would like to buy horns in the future
    C
    The illegal killing of rhinos will soon disappear
    D
    Rhinos living in South Africa will move to other countries

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:社会现象类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:30 入库时间:2016-10-14
    来源: 湖北省襄阳市襄阳四中2017届高三七月第三周周考英语试题.DOC

    Since the end of World War I(WWI) in 1918, Canadians, and millions of others around the world have paused at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month to honour the sacrifice our soldiers have made in different ways, fighting for the freedoms that we all enjoy today.

    Known as Remembrance Day, the day originated as a tribute to the soldiers of WWI, a dark period for our young country, which claimed the lives of over 60,000 military personnel and civilians and over 16 million dead worldwide. As there are no more surviving soldiers of WWI, today we rely on the wisdom and words of those soldiers who fought in the wars that followed and this day now also recognizes their heroic contribution. They tell us to always remember what those brave souls fought for, and all they ask in return is that we never forget.

    That’s why we wear the red poppy(罂粟花); that’s why when we see a soldier in uniform we should stop him or her and say “Thank you”; that’s why we take a pause from our busy lives for two short minutes today to honor that request. Yet this message is fading away, year after year. Take for example the terrible decision to allow parents to excuse students from Remembrance Day ceremonies at school. Not only is this disrespectful, it distances the student from his or her classmates.

    It is difficult to understand why any Canadian parent would want to remove their child from the time-honored tradition of reading the poem in Flanders Fields, while a wreath of poppies is laid. It is more important than ever to teach school-aged children about our history, no matter how violent it was. Sheltering them from the realities of war is a great disservice. Understanding why conflicts happened, or happen today can help shape choices and decisions they make as adults.

    Of course, because we live in a free society, we cannot force an individual to do something. It is unfortunate, but some parents now have their child “opt-out” of the services. These people should be reminded they are free to make such choices only because of the men and women the rest of us are remembering.

    21 Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a Remembrance Day activity today?

    A. Stopping at 11a.m. to remember the war dead.

    B. Listening to stories told by WWI soldiers.

    C. Wearing a red poppy to show respect.

    D. Showing gratitude to soldiers in uniform.

    22What can we learn from the passage?

    A. War history is too violent for school children

    B. The writer was once a soldier in the Canadian army

    C. Few students are willing to take part in Remembrance Day ceremonies.

    D. More parents are keeping their children away from frightening war stories.

    23 The underlined word “It” in the last paragraph probably refers to_______.

    A. the death of so many soldiers in wars

    B. the fact that there were so many wars after WWI.

    C. people’s ungratefulness for the freedom they have.

    D. removing children from Remembrance Day events.

    24 The writer believes that ______.

    A. the sacrifice of the soldiers should always be remembered.

    B. Remembrance Day is becoming less important for soldiers.

    C. school no longer think Remembrance Day is necessary.

    D. people should be forced to learn about the realities of war.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:社会现象类阅读