Your friends might be in Australia or may be just down the road, but they are all just a few clicks(点击) away. Life has changed for millions of young people across the world who now make friends online. Whether you use chat-rooms, QQ, MSN or ICQ, you are a member of this group.
“I don’t often talk with my parents or grand-parents, but I talk a lot with my old friends on QQ,” said Fox’s Shadow, the online name used by a girl student in China. “Most of my classmates use QQ after school.”
QQ is the biggest messaging service in China. A recorder from Tencent, the company which developed QQ, shows that 4 million people used it one Saturday night in October. And probably Fox’s Shadow was one of them. “I log in(登陆) on Friday nights, and Saturdays when I feel everything around me boring. I usually spend about ten hours chatting on-line every week,” she said. “But I never talk with strangers, especially boys or men.”
Even though she likes chatting, she is careful about making friends with strangers online. “You don’t know who you’re talking to. You should always be careful about whom you believe in online.” Many people would like to meet offline when they feel they have got to know someone very well. Fox’s Shadow once met one of her online friends face to face. It was a girl who was a football fan like herself and they went to a football match together.
A 16-year-old Beijing boy, named Bart Simon online, dislikes QQ uses. “I used to chat on QQ, but I found that most people were talking about foolish things,” he said. Now he chats online in English, using MSN. “I only chat online because I’ve got friends in Japan, the US and Singapore,” he said. “I want to learn more about foreign cultures.” But he spends little time chatting on QQ as he sees it as a waste of time and money.
“If you are really addicted to it, sometimes you can’t give your mind to your lessons,” he said. “And friends in your real life are always more important than those so-called friends you meet online.”
25. People meet face to face offline when they think they _____.
A. have known each other well
B. have the same interest
C. have enough free time
D. have nothing to do
26. Fox’s Shadow thinks QQ is ______.
A. the biggest messaging service in China
B. a good place to spend her time when bored
C. a safe place to chat with strangers
D. the best place to make friends
27. From the passage, we know “they are all just a few clicks away” means ________.
A. it is wonderful to see your friends by clicking
B. it is easy and fast to get in touch with your friends
C. it is possible to live much closer to your friends
D. it is popular to make friends online
28. Which of the following sentence is TRUE according to the passage?
A. All the people on QQ are talking about foolish things.
B. Chatting online is a waste of time and money.
C. We should be careful about boys or men online.
D. We should think more of our friends on real life.
Texting（发短信）walkers aren't just an annoyance to other walkers, Australian researchers armed with movie special-effects technology have determined scientifically that they're threats to themselves. Using motion-capture technology similar to that used for films, researchers concluded that texting while walking not only affects balance but also the ability to walk in straight line.
“Some people like checking emails while walking to work in the morning” said the study co-author Hoorn, “but they may not know it has a serious effect on the safety of themselves”. Other facts have also proved this. A tourist from Taiwan walked off a pier near Melbourne last month while checking Facebook, bringing a sudden and icy end to a penguin-watching visit. Another person who was too wrapped up in his phone to notice dangers walked straight into the fountain in front of a shopping mall.
The Australian study involved 27 volunteers, a third of whom admitted having knocked into objects while texting. They were asked to walk 8.5 meters three times—once without phones, once while reading text and once while writing text, when eight cameras recorded their actions.
They found the volunteers using the phone walked slower, and, more seriously, they locked their arms and elbows in like “robots”, which forced their heads to move more, throwing themselves off balance. “In a pedestrian（步行的）environment, inability to maintain a straight path would be likely to increase potential for traffic accidents”, said Mr. Hoorn. “The best thing to do is to step aside and stop, or keep off the phone.”
Authorities world-wide have taken note. Signs on Hong Kong's subway system advise passengers in three languages to keep their eyes off their phones. Police and transport authorities have highlighted the danger in Singapore, where the Straits Times newspaper recently declared cellphone-distracted road crossing as “bad habit No. 2” contributing to the rising number of road deaths. Some U.S. states, including New York and Arkansas, are considering bans on what they're calling phone jaywalking(走路不遵守交通规则).
32. According to the passage, people texting while walking usually____________.
A. put themselves in danger B. do harm to their eyes
C. do not influence other walkers D. can still walk straight
33. Which of the following words has the closest meaning to “wrapped up” in Paragraph 2?
A. absent-minded B. annoyed C. absorbed D. confused
34. The two examples in Paragraph 2 are given in order to __________.
A. prove texting walkers are threats to others
B. show texting walkers may harm themselves
C. analyze the causes of the danger
D. amuse the readers
35. About the Australian study, we know that___________.
A. texting walkers are exposed to greater possibility of traffic accidents
B. ten volunteers admitted having bumped into things while texting
C. the volunteers were divided into three groups during the study
D. the volunteers using phones while walking moved normally
Camping wild is a wonderful way to experience the natural world and, at it best, it makes little environmental influence. But with increasing numbers of people wanting to escape into the wilderness. It is becoming more and more important to camp unobtrusively（不引人注目的）and leave no mark.
Wild camping is not permitted in many places, particularly in crowded lowland Britain, Wherever you are, find out about organizations responsible for managing wild spaces, and contact them to find out their policy on camping and shelter building. For example, it is fine to camp wild in remote parts of Scotland, but in England you must ask the landowner’s permission, except in national parks.
Camping is about having relaxation, sleeping outdoors, experiencing bad weather, and making do without modern conveniences. A busy, fully-equipped campsite（野营地）seems to go against this, so seek out smaller, more remote places with easy access to open spaces and perhaps beaches. Better still, find a campsite with no road access: Walking in makes a real adventure.
Finding the right spot to camp is the first step to guaranteeing a good night’s sleep. Choose a campsite with privacy and minimum influence on others and the environment. Try to use an area where people have obviously camped before rather than creating a new spot. When camping in woodland, avoid standing dead trees, which may fall on a windy night. Avoid animal runs and caves, and possible homes of biting insects. Make sure you have most protection on the windward side. If you make a fire, do so downwind of your shelter. Always consider what influence you might have on the nature word. Avoid damaging plants. A good campsite is found, not made-changing it should be unnecessary.
24. You needn’t ask for permission when camping in _______.
A. most parts of England B. most parts of Scotland
C. crowded lowland Britain D. national parks in England
25. The author thinks that a good campsite is one _______.
A. with easy access B. with modern conveniences
C. used previously D. far away from beaches
26. The last paragraph mainly deals with _______.
A. protecting animals B. camping in woodland
C. building a campfire D. finding a campsite with privacy
27. The passage is mainly about _______.
A. the dos and don’ts of wild camping B. the importance of wild camping
C. the human influence on campsites D. the protection of campsites
It seems that the great desire among the young is to be popular. The desire to be popular can force you into looking and acting like everyone else. You can lose yourself in a sea of identical hairstyles and thinking styles.
I was forced to think about popularity not too long ago in a talk I had with my daughter. Margy had to change schools when my busy work schedule made it necessary for me to move houses. I suppose that, for a girl in her teens, entering a new school is like spending a season alone in the tropical jungles. At least that’s how Margy found it at first. However, as the school year drew to a close, one student after another came to her. I told Margy that I would have been more concerned if she had been an instant social success in her new school. Nobody can please everyone. If you try to do so, you will find values as lasting as soap bubbles blown into the air.
Some teenagers claim they want to dress as they please. But they all wear the same clothes. They set off in new directions in music. But somehow they all end up listening to the same record. Their reason for thinking or acting in a certain way is that the crowd is doing it. They have come out of their cocoon into a larger cocoon.
I know that it has become harder for a young person to stand up against the popularity wave. Our way of life makes a young nonconformist stand out like a Martian. These days there’s a great barrier for the young person who wants to find his or her own path. But the barrier is worth climbing over. You may want to listen to classical music instead of going to a party. Well, go to it. Be yourself. Popularity will come with the people who respect you for who you are. That’s the only kind of popularity that really counts.
12．Why was the author worried about his daughter’s popularity in her new school?
A.She might find no true friends.
B.She would ignore her academic performance.
C.She had no idea of her own.
D.She might betray her true self.
13．What does the author think of most teenagers?
A.They’re afraid of getting lost in life.
B.They have difficulty understanding each other.
C.They lack the courage to be truly different.
D.They find it hard to gain popularity as expected.
14．What is the probable meaning of the underlined word "nonconformist" in Paragraph 4?
A.Someone who cares about others’ opinion.
B.Someone who desires popularity greatly.
C.Someone who behaves in his own way.
D.Someone who wants to please others.
15．What is the author’s purpose of writing this passage?
A.To persuade readers to pursue valuable popularity.
B.To tell parents how to guide their children.
C.To criticize the present values and beliefs.
D.To suggest a good way to be popular.
The Orphan（孤儿）Trains began 75 years ago. They helped thousands of children without parents or homes. Some children were adopted by Christian families. Those who were not adopted were the official foster children.
Most Orphan Train children found good homes with loving Christian families. But a few ended up with families who used the children as servants. Anyway, if a child were being badly treated, the Orphan Trains usually found him or her a new home. They were not only provided with food and shelter but also kept away from a life of crime.
Clara and her two brothers were lucky to find good homes through the Orphan Trains. When Clara was about seven, her parents and a sister were killed when they tried to cross a river in New York State. She and her two brothers, five-year-old James and three-year-old Howard, were sent to different families in Kansas. Each child ended up with a different loving family. They were able to keep in touch with one another throughout their lives. Clara’s new mother was a school teacher. When she grew up, Clara married, moved to Texas and lived a happy life all through her life.
In an interview, the grown-up “orphans” said they learned in the process of their life how important it is to be loved. They grew up to become loving, caring parents of their own children.
21. We learn from the passage that the Orphan Trains was ________.
A. a traffic means for orphans B. an aid project for orphans
C. an education organization D. an advertisement company
22. How did the Orphan Trains help orphan children?
A. They tried to find food and shelter for those kids.
B. The agents took a train to find the children’s homes.
C. They managed to find loving homes for those children.
D. They sent those homeless children to work as servants.
23. What happened to Clara when she was seven years old?
A. Her parents died in a flood. B. She lost her parents and a sister.
C. Her family arrived in New York. D. She met her brothers James and Howard.
The poaching（偷猎），or illegal killing，of rhinos(犀牛) in South Africa is growing worse each year．The government recently reported that a record number of rhinos were poached in 2015，a year which had more rhino killings in South Africa than ever before． [KS5UKS5U]
The World Wildlife Fund，or WWF，says about 20, 000 rhinos live in South Africa． That is more than 80 percent of the rhinos in the world． Edna Molewa， South Africa’s Environment Minister，says, “During 2015，we are sad to say this，1, 215 rhinos were killed．This is a rise in the number of poached rhinos from 1,004 in 2014 and indeed very worrying.”
The animals are hunted for their horns(角)．Many people in Asia believe the horn has curing power， which drives poachers， at all costs， mad for more horns． But there is no scientific evidence for this belief．The horn is made of keratin(角蛋白)．That is the same thing as human hair，fingernails and toenails．
Ms．Molewa said 386 suspected poachers were arrested last year，an increase from the year before．But rhino protection workers say poachers often go unpunished after arrest． South Africa’s legal system is ineffective． Ms． Mo1ewa said more needs to be done and South Africa is taking strong measures to protect rhinos．The efforts include moving some of the animals to secret places in neighboring countries. “Now approximately 100 rhinos have been moved to neighboring states in the SADC region during 2015 and 200 more rhinos will be moved this year,” Molewa said．
Jo Shaw，the rhino program manager at the WWF，said， “We’re talking about a loss of a hundred rhinos a month，or more than three a day．We really need to see effective action not just at a national level but internationally．” She says officials should find the criminal groups responsible for the poaching and punish them. Government officials are to meet in Botswana in March at the Inter-governmental Conference on Illegal Wildlife Trade．
28．According to paragraph 2, we know______________.
A．Half of rhinos live in South Africa．
B．Less than 1,000 rhinos were killed in 2014．
C．The killing in 2014 was more than that in 2014．
D．There are only 20,000 rhinos left in the world．
29．What is the main reason for people to hunt rhinos?
A．To get more keratin． B．To protect the farmland．
C．To use them for decoration． D．To make money from horns
30．Jo Shaw thinks that_________．
A．many criminal groups are well organized
B．new laws are needed to punish the killers
C．rhino protection needs international cooperation
D．conferences about protecting rhinos are to be held every year
31．What can we infer from the text?
A．Rhino protection has a long way to go．
B．No one would like to buy horns in the future．
C．The illegal killing of rhinos will soon disappear．
D．Rhinos living in South Africa will move to other countries．
Since the end of World War I(WWI) in 1918, Canadians, and millions of others around the world have paused at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month to honour the sacrifice our soldiers have made in different ways, fighting for the freedoms that we all enjoy today.
Known as Remembrance Day, the day originated as a tribute to the soldiers of WWI, a dark period for our young country, which claimed the lives of over 60,000 military personnel and civilians and over 16 million dead worldwide. As there are no more surviving soldiers of WWI, today we rely on the wisdom and words of those soldiers who fought in the wars that followed and this day now also recognizes their heroic contribution. They tell us to always remember what those brave souls fought for, and all they ask in return is that we never forget.
That’s why we wear the red poppy(罂粟花); that’s why when we see a soldier in uniform we should stop him or her and say “Thank you”; that’s why we take a pause from our busy lives for two short minutes today to honor that request. Yet this message is fading away, year after year. Take for example the terrible decision to allow parents to excuse students from Remembrance Day ceremonies at school. Not only is this disrespectful, it distances the student from his or her classmates.
It is difficult to understand why any Canadian parent would want to remove their child from the time-honored tradition of reading the poem in Flanders Fields, while a wreath of poppies is laid. It is more important than ever to teach school-aged children about our history, no matter how violent it was. Sheltering them from the realities of war is a great disservice. Understanding why conflicts happened, or happen today can help shape choices and decisions they make as adults.
Of course, because we live in a free society, we cannot force an individual to do something. It is unfortunate, but some parents now have their child “opt-out” of the services. These people should be reminded they are free to make such choices only because of the men and women the rest of us are remembering.
21． Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a Remembrance Day activity today?
A. Stopping at 11a.m. to remember the war dead.
B. Listening to stories told by WWI soldiers.
C. Wearing a red poppy to show respect.
D. Showing gratitude to soldiers in uniform.
22．What can we learn from the passage?
A. War history is too violent for school children
B. The writer was once a soldier in the Canadian army
C. Few students are willing to take part in Remembrance Day ceremonies.
D. More parents are keeping their children away from frightening war stories.
23． The underlined word “It” in the last paragraph probably refers to_______.
A. the death of so many soldiers in wars
B. the fact that there were so many wars after WWI.
C. people’s ungratefulness for the freedom they have.
D. removing children from Remembrance Day events.
24． The writer believes that ______.
A. the sacrifice of the soldiers should always be remembered.
B. Remembrance Day is becoming less important for soldiers.
C. school no longer think Remembrance Day is necessary.
D. people should be forced to learn about the realities of war.
Recently，the word ‘‘selfie” often appears in our life and some articles state that the word ‘‘selfie” has become one of the most annoying words. But I’d like to offer that maybe it is not so bad. The “selfie” is used to describe the self-taken photo, often from a smartphone. Women and men decorate their Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram accounts with these pictures, sometimes with puckered (翘起) lips or large smiles. In fact, the selfie has become so widely known that over 31 million photos on Instagram are taken with the selfie.
Let’s think about it. Someone takes about 10 selfies each time they do, and they only end up posting one or two of those. They pick the one that makes them look the best. Isn’t that beautiful? In that one picture, someone has given himself or herself confidence. Self-image is important. In society today, we are so often consumed with what society tells us is perfect. But maybe, with that one selfie, we feel that we fit that bill. We feel handsome, beautiful, confident, smart, happy and content. For that moment, everything bad or terrible that has ever happened to us is erased, because that smile or that pucker is what gives us the determination to love ourselves.
I saw a spoken word poem recently and the young man said: If I ask you what you love, the answers will most likely roll off your tongue. You love to read. You love to write. You love birds, music, your mom, your brother, your sister, your daughter, your best friend, your dog. How long do you think you could go on and on before you said “I love myself”?
That statement hit me like a ton of bricks. I’ve struggled with confidence all of my life. I still do. And in no way am I saying that taking a selfie is a gateway to that confidence. However, the selfie does deserve some credit for allowing individuals to express themselves. Pamela Rutledge agrees, stating, “There are many more photographs available now of real people than models.”
12. According to the author, selfie ______.
A. is an annoying habit for people
B. becomes a fashion among teenagers
C. makes a person become self-centered
D. gives a person a sense of confidence
13. The author mentions a poem in the passage to stress ______.
A. the power of true love B. the endless love we get
C. the need to love ourselves D. the kinds of love we have
14. What Pamela Rutledge said in the last paragraph suggests that ______.
A. selfie provides more photos of real people
B. selfie gets models to take more photos
C. selfie helps more people look like models
D. selfie causes models to be out of work
15. The best title for the passage is ______.
A. The Origin of Selfie B. The Value of Selfie
C. Selfie Causes Bad Effects D. Selfie Creates Beauty
Mobile phone (手机) has become a problem for middle schools. Some middle schools in Australia have banned (禁止) students from carrying mobile phones during school hours.
Mobile phone used among children has become a problem for the school this year. Several children have got mobile phone as Christmas gifts, and more students will want them.
Mary Bluett, an official, said mobile phone use is a distraction (分心的事) to student during school hours and it also gives teachers so much trouble in their classrooms. Teachers were also saying that sometimes students might use phone messages to cheat during exams.
She said some schools had tried to ban mobile phones. Some parents felt unhappy because they couldn’t get in touch with their children.
Many teachers said students should not have mobile phones at school, but if there was a good reason, they could leave their phones at school office. They also said there were many reasons why the students should not have mobile phones at school: they were easy to lose and were a distraction from studies.
Many people say that they understand why parents would want their children to have phones, but they think schools should let the students know when they can use their mobile phones.
25. Some middle schools in Australia have banned students from carrying mobile phones _________.
A. because they are students B. when they are free
C. when they are at school D. because they are children
26. What does the underlined word “cheat” mean in the passage?
A. 聊天 B. 核对 C. 查询 D. 作弊
In the US，people prefer waiting for a table to sitting with people they don’t know．This means a hostess may not seat a small group until a small table is available．even if a large one is．If you are sitting at a table with people you don’t know，it is impolite to light up a cigarette without asking if it will disturb them．
At American restaurants and coffee shops you are usually served tap water(自来水)before you order．You may find the bread and butter is free，and if you order coffee，you may get a free refill．
Most cities and towns have no rules about opening and closing time for stores or restaurants，though they usually do make rules for bars．Especially in large cities, stores may be open 24 hours a day．
Serving in restaurants is often large, too large for many people．If you can’t finish your meal but would like to enjoy the food later．ask your waitress or waiter for a“doggie bag”．It may have a picture of a dog on it，but everybody knows you’re taking the food for yourself．
Supper and dinner are both words for the evening meal．Some people have“Sunday dinner”．This is an especially big noon meal．
Tips are not usually added to the check．They are not included in the price of the meal，either．A tip of about 15％ is expected and you should leave it On the table when you leave．In some restaurants，a check is brought on a plate and you put your money there．Then the waiter or waitress brings you your change．
28．Which of the following statements is true?
A．American people like sitting with people they don’t know．
B．A hostess always seats a small group at a large table．
C．American people never sit with people they don’t know．
D．American people will not light a cigarette if the people who sit at the same table mind their smoking．
29．What is served before you order?
30．What do American people always do when servings are too for them?
A．They take the food home with a“doggie bag”for their dogs．
B．They leave the food on the table and go away．
C．They take the food home with a“doggie bag”and enjoy the food later．
D．They ask the waitress or waiter to keep the food for them．
31．What can you learn about“tips”according to the passage?
A．Customers often add tips to their cheek．
B．The price of the meal usually includes the tip．
C．People are not expected to pay tips in addition．
D．Tips are supposed to be left on the table when customers leave．
Uncivilized behavior by passengers unacceptable
For the first time, airline passengers have been blacklisted for uncivilized behavior. Their names will remain on the blacklist for one or two years, according to an announcement by the China Air Transport Association on Saturday. The blacklisting means they will not be able to travel by air until their names are removed from the list.
Blacklisting passengers who disobey the rules for traveling by air and so place their own interests before everything else, including safety, has long been overdue (迟到的，延迟的).
There have been frequent reports of passengers making a scene when their flight was delayed or when they believed that they were not treated as they should be on a flight.
Yet it is natural for some flights to be delayed because of reasons such as bad weather or mechanical problems that need to be solved. However, some passengers seem to take it for granted that their flight must take off at the time stated on their ticket, and they even assume that the members of the cabin crew are simply there to do their bidding(吩咐).
They forget that they should behave themselves in the first place and that respect is reciprocal (互相给与的).There is no reason for them to be respected when they do not show enough respect for others.
Observing rules can never be over-emphasized when it comes to flight safety. No one has the right to disregard the rules for any reason. Of course, airlines should provide quality services to meet the needs of passengers. Yet, even if passengers are not satisfied with the service provided, there is still no reason for them to flout the rules that are designed for the safety of all.
The blacklisting of these three passengers should serve for others to know they have to toe the line (顺从集体).
8. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
A. Never before have airline passengers been blacklisted.
B. At no time should flights be delayed, whatever the reasons.
C. Members of the cabin crew should be at the passengers’ service at any moment.
D. If an airline passenger is blacklisted, he or she will never be allowed to travel by air.
9.The underlined word “observing” in paragraph 6 is closest in meaning to ________.
A. abolishing B. violating C. setting D. obeying
10. According Paragraph 4, the author’s attitude towards some passengers is ________.
A. Tolerate B. Curious C. Critical D. Neutral
11. The text is most probably taken from ________.
A. a research paper B. a newspaper report C. an advertisement D. a flight guide
Macao is only forty miles from Hong Kong and it is easy to reach. You can get there by sea. It is an interesting place and it has a long history. Macao is part of China and most people living there are Chinese.
The first Europeans in Macao came from Portugal. More than four hundred years ago the Portuguese went there to trade with China. Some settled and made their homes there. They built strong forts（要塞）to guard the city and the harbor. They also built churches, schools, hospitals and other places. Slowly the city grew. People from many other countries came to live and work in Macao.
Today many people live in Macao. Some only go there to watch dog－racing or motor－racing or to gamble（赌博）with their money. But Macao is a quiet and peaceful place. It is pleasant just to walk around and look at the old buildings and forts. You feel you are back in the old days. Of course，some of the buildings are now in ruins. The Church of St. Paul has only the front wall with many steps leading up to it. But it is still interesting to see.
When you are hot and tired, there are small cool gardens to rest in. When you are hungry, there are good restaurants with many kinds of food. Nearby are some islands, which are also nice to visit and are easy to get in. There are certainly a lot to see and to do in Macao.
13. Macao is easy to get to because it is____.
A. part of China and most people living there are Chinese B. an interesting place
C. very fast and cheap by sea D. not far away from Hong Kong
14. You feel in Macao you are back in the old days because ____.
A. some of the buildings are now in ruins B. you can watch dog-racing or motor-racing
C.you can find the old buildings and forts D. it is a silent and peaceful place
15. The writer's idea is that ____.
A. people from many countries came to live and work in Macao
B. the Portuguese were willing to do business in China
C. people in Macao serve good food
D. Macao is a quiet and peaceful place with a lot to see and to do
According to the most recent count, more than 6,500 homeless people sleep on the street or in shelters in San Francisco, and there are only eight shower facilities(设施) specifically available to the homeless, and most of these have just one or two stalls(淋浴间) and aren’t open every day. Now San Francisco-based company Lava Mae, is trying to change that with a simple but smart idea—turning retired city buses into mobile showers for the homeless. The idea known as Lava Mae, is a response to the need of the homeless in the city.
It all started two years ago when Sandoval got in a cab after a meeting in the SoMa district of San Francisco, where the homeless mainly lived. “My driver turned around and said, ‘Welcome to the land of broken dreams.’” Then Sandoval awoke from her imagination and started really look at the people around her. “A woman I passed was crying and saying that she would never be clean,” Sandoval said. She took what the woman said as a sign that she should focus on the problem of hygiene(卫生), one of the most pressing needs for the homeless.
After doing some research, Sandoval hit on the idea of a mobile unit that could be equipped with shower facilities. According to the company’s founder Doniece Sandoval, every bus will be renewed and equipped with two separate private areas, each with a shower stall, sink, changing areas, toilet and bench. Sandoval says that if everyone sticks to a five-minute shower, a single Lava Mae bus could provide service for about 100 people during each 8-to-10-hour shift.
The project has been several years in the making as it has not been easy to get officials to agree. In addition, it is also difficult to ask the bus company to donate buses. Now she has reached an agreement with a bus company, which will donate the buses being retired in the next four years.
While Lava Mae is now focused on the city of San Francisco, there is no reason that the idea cannot be spread all over the world.
28. The main idea of this passage is that ____________.
A. the homeless lived a comfortable life in San Francisco
B. the bus company shows great support to Lava Mae
C. Lava Mae creates shower service to help the homeless
D. Sandoval made great achievements in her career
29. What/ Who contributed to Sandoval’s idea of creating mobile shower service to help the homeless?
A. The poor woman that she met in SoMa district.
B. The requirement of the government.
C. The benefit of her company.
D. The meeting she had in the SoMa district of San Franacisco.
30. What do we know about the project of Lava Mae?
A. A single Lava Mae bus could provide service for 100 people at a time.
B. The project has met a lot of difficulties.
C. The officials strongly support the project.
D. The idea of Lava Mae will not be spread all over the world.
31. What is the author’s attitude about Lava Mae’s development?
A. Positive B. Negative C. Objective D. Uncertain
Nowadays women appear to have a positive image（形象） of themselves as safer drivers than men.
In a survey done for insurer MetLife, 51% of women said they drive more safely. The evidence is on their side: Men are 3.4 times more likely than women to get a ticket for careless driving and 3.1 times as likely to be punished for drunk driving. “Women are on average less aggressive（有攻击性的） and more law abiding (守法的) drivers, which leads to fewer accidents,” the report says. However, not all male drivers share the same opinion. Of the men surveyed by MetLife, 39% claimed male drivers were safer. The findings did back them upon one point: automotive knowledge. The report showed that more men are familiar with current safety equipment such as electronic stability control，which helps prevent rollover accidents.
Auto safety unavoidably matters to money. Insurance companies focus on what classes of drivers have the lowest dollar amounts of claims, and for now, that mainly includes women. In general, women pay about 9% less for auto insurance than men. A study by the website Insweb also showed that auto insurance rates are lower for women in most states. Among individual states, women get the greatest, advantage in Wyoming (where they pay 20% less), South Dakota and Washington, D.C, where their insurance costs are 16% lower.
“More than 11,900 male drivers died in US traffic accidents in 2009，compared with just under 4,900 women drivers” according to the study. “Based on miles traveled, men died at a rate of 2.5 deaths per 100 million miles traveled, vs.1.7 deaths for women.”
12．According to the study，female drivers ________.
A. are more aggressive while driving
B. are more interested in auto knowledge
C. are more likely to stick to driving laws
D. are more familiar with safety equipment
13．Insurance companies focus on female driver clients probably because they________.
A. cause more accidents on the road
B. pay more money to the insurance companies
C. take the most part of the insurance clients
D. have the lowest amount of money on insurance claims
14．We can infer from the passage that________.
A. men are 3.1 times more likely to get tickets than women
B. all women in the USA pay the same for their auto insurance
C. more female drivers die every year than male drivers
D. women are generally safer drivers than the opposite gender
15．The writer mainly develops paragraphs by________.
A. giving examples
B. making comparisons
C. drawing a conclusion
D. presenting an argument
There are two types of people in the world. Although they have equal degree of health and wealth and other comforts of life, one becomes happy and the other becomes unhappy. This arises from the different ways in which they consider things, persons, events and the resulting effects upon their minds.
People who are to be happy fix their attention on the convenience of things: the pleasant parts of conversation, the well prepared dishes, the goodness of the wine and the fine weather. They enjoy all the cheerful things. Those who are to be unhappy think and speak only of the opposite things. Therefore, they are continually dissatisfied. By their remarks, they sour the pleasure of society, hurt many people, and make themselves disagreeable everywhere. If this turn of mind was founded in nature, such unhappy persons would be the more to be pitied. The intention of criticizing and being disliked is perhaps taken up by imitation. It grows into a habit, unknown to its possessors. The habit may be strong, but it may be cured when those who have it realize its bad effects on their interests and tastes. I hope this little warning may be of service to them, and help them change this habit.
Although in fact it is chiefly an act of the imagination, it has serious results in life since it brings on deep sorrow and bad luck. Those people hurt many others; nobody loves them, and no one treats them with more than the most common politeness and respect. This frequently puts them in bad temper and draws them into arguments. If they aim at getting some advantages in social position or fortune, nobody wishes them success. Nor will anyone start a step or speak a word to favor their hopes. If they bring on themselves public objections, no one will defend or excuse them, and many will join to criticize their wrongdoings. These should change this bad habit and be pleased with what is pleasing, without worrying needlessly about themselves and others. If they do not, it will be good for others to avoid any contact with them. Otherwise, it can be disagreeable and sometimes very inconvenient, especially when one becomes mixed up in their quarrels.
25. People who are unhappy _______.
A. always consider things differently from others
B. always discover the unpleasant side of certain things
C. usually misunderstand what others think or say
D. usually are affected by the results of certain things
26. The phrase “sour the pleasure of society” most nearly means “_______”.
A. makes others unhappy B. has a good taste with social life
C. tend to scold others openly D. enjoy the pleasure of life
27. We can conclude from the passage that _______.
A. we should pity all such unhappy people
B. such unhappy people are dangerous to social life
C. people can get rid of the habit of unhappiness
D. unhappy people can not understand happy persons
Instagram is a fast, beautiful and fun way to share your life with friends and family. Take a picture or video, choose a filter to transform its look and feel, and then post to Instagram—it’s that easy. You can even share to Facebook, Twitter and more．It’s a new way to see the world. So many photos of food are contained on Instagram—now a pop-up diner in London is taking advantage of this new trend by letting people settle the bill for their meals simply by uploading photos of their dishes to social networks．
I always thought people’s taking pictures of their food was kind of silly, but at this new pop-up restaurant in the UK, I’d probably do it too. “The Picture House” is the world’s first pay-by-photo restaurant. You order, click a photo of the food, share on Instagram and eat for free!
The restaurant belongs to frozen food giant(巨人)Birds Eye, who came up with the idea to cash in on people’s addiction with photographing food and sharing the pictures online. They conducted a survey and found out that more than half of the British population regularly took pictures of their meals．So they realized it was a better way to advertise their new dining range．
The pop-up diner was open in Soho，London for three days in May, and is now moving to other major UK cities．They serve two-course meals that customers don’t have to pay for, if they photo and Instagram it.
The restaurant is a part of Birds Eye’s “Food for Life” campaign, a new marketing project that aims at changing the way people look at frozen food. “Taking photos of food enables people to show off and to share their mealtime moments—from the everyday to the special,”said marketing director Margaret Jobling．
The reaction to the Picture House has been great so far And the pay-by-picture concept has proven to be an effective way. Alternative payment methods are actually gaining popularity among a lot of businesses. Last year in a cafe in Germany customers pay by how much time they spend there, not by what they eat．
28. Instagram probably is________．
A. a program used to share photos B. a campaign of“Food for Life”
C. a restaurant free of charge D. a new marketing project
29. What can we infer from the passage?
A. The Picture House was opened in Scotland
B. Lots of British people like taking photos of their meals.
C. The Picture House is the world’s first pay-by-photo restaurant.
D. The British people’s response to the Picture House is quite cold.
30. “The Picture House” encourages sharing photos of its food to_______．
A. raise the price of frozen food B. create a new social media trend
C. attract more customers D. reward the regular customers
31. Which of the following can serve as the best title for the passage?
A. Food for Life B. The Pop-up Diner
C. No Need to Pay D. Pay by Picture
The Sir Lankan coastline is filled with fishermen who use the sea as their main source of living. Their daily catch would define the life of their own and their families. But it only took a few hours to remove their life-long habitat right in front of their eyes.
Some fishermen had set sail on Christmas night. A very few were lucky enough to return the next morning. But none found any of what they left behind the other night. They were made to lose their families by the very waters that they used to love the most.
The few who made it through the day have been wondering about the meaning of their lives. They had used the sea for decades, but the sea used them for a single day. Is it justice(公平)? Or killing? What would become of them? For whom would they go fishing again? As they struggle with their conflicting feelings, they also come to remind themselves of their struggle for survival.
Where are they now? They didn’t leave the beach, or the sea. They will be back because the sea is their home and the only means of living, so they will continue in their fight for destiny(命运).
But will it be the same? Sadly not. Even though they force themselves to forgive, they can’t forget. They will never be able to get through the idea of a friend turning against them. That fear would always run deep in their hearts. As the fishermen get ready to take on their duties once again, each would take with them a frightful story that reminds them of the day of betrayal（背叛）, the day that rewrote their lives.
28. What did a few lucky fishermen find when they return? ________
A. Their family was dead and heir homes were destroyed.
B. Their family was alive, but their homes were destroyed.
C. Their family was dead, but heir homes stood still.
D. Their family came to welcome them.
29. What’s the writer’s wish to the victims ?
A. They would live happily in the sea.
B. They would remember the sad story.
C. They would be stronger to defeat the sea.
D. They would come back from the sea and live as usual.
30. What does “a friend” in the last paragraph refer to?
A. A family member of fishermen.
B. A person that fishermen went fishing with.
C. The fishermen’s country.
D. The sea
31. What is the purpose of writing this text?
A. To remember those who lost their lives in the sea.
B. To show the writer’s anger to the sea.
C. To encourage other fishermen to struggle.
D. To tell readers a sad story.
“The child has become part of the management of family life, ”says Adele Schwartz, research director for Stars for Kids, a children’s market---research firm． “This is a big role change in family life． Housework is changing．It used to be to take out the garbage and walk the dog．This is a little bit bigger than that．”
Three---quarters of students between the ages of 8 and 14 say they have completed an online transaction（交易），according to a national survey on May 9．Nearly one---fourth of the 6,000 young people asked say they shop with their parents’ credit cards, 26 percent use gift cards, and 8 percent say they use their own credit card．Almost half say they help with electronic transactions because their parents are helpless online．One—third help because their parents don’t have enough time to shop．
“Kids do a large amount of comparison shopping,”Ms．Schwartz says, “including clothing, household items, family vacations, and even large items like a car．
All this cyber---help “clearly gives kids a power that they might not have had before,”says Gary Rudman, in San Francisco．“Parents still make the decisions, but kids have more and more effect than ever before, because they have access to information．They are more involved with the household, so they have more effect on some of the decisions．”
Parents have different opinions about letting their children use credit cards online．Mr．Rudman Says, “Some parents are open to it, others are not for it．”
Like many parents, Mrs, Hanstein keeps a watchful eye on Jacob’s Internet use．“he loves to order something, but it’s always with our guidance．He doesn’t understand that a lot of the pop—up advertisement ‘You’ve won this！’or ‘You can get this for $1．’is a scam．”
( ）33．___ is playing a more and more important role in the family management.
A. The Internet B.The electronic transaction
C. The child D. The father or mother
( ) 34．It seemed that________ has just been included as housework．
A.taking garbage outside B.walking the dogs
C.going shopping online D.using computers
( ) 35．According to Mrs．Hanstein, _____________________．
A. kids shouldn’t order anything online．
B. kids should go shopping online considering their parents’ advice．
C. pop—up advertisement is something useful．
D. kids should make full use of the pop—up advertisement．
The motor vehicle has killed and disabled more people in its brief history than any bomb or weapon ever invented. Much of the blood on the street flows essentially from uncivil behavior of drivers who refuse to respect the legal and moral rights of others. So the massacre (大屠杀)on the road may be regarded as a social problem .
In fact, the enemies of society on wheels are rather harmless people just ordinary people acting carelessly, you might say. But it is a principle both of law and common morality that carelessness is no excuse when one’s actions could bring death or damage to others. A minority of the killers go even beyond carelessness to total negligence.
Researchers have estimated that as many as 80 percent of all automobile accidents can be attributed to the psychological condition of the driver. Emotional upsets can distort drivers’ reactions, slow their judgment, and blind them to dangers that might otherwise be evident. The experts warn that it is vital for every driver to make a conscious effort to keep one’s emotions under control.
Yet the irresponsibility that accounts for much of the problem is not confined to drivers. Street walkers regularly violate traffic regulations, they are at fault in most vehicle walker accidents; and many cyclists even believe that they are not subject to the basic rules of the road.
Significant legal advances have been made towards safer driving in the past few years. Safety standards for vehicle have been raised both at the point of manufacture and through periodic road-worthiness inspections. In addition, speed limits have been lowered. Due to these measures, the accident rate has decreased. But the accidents experts still worry because there has been little or no improvement in the way drivers’ behave. The only real and lasting solution, say the experts, is to convince people that driving is a skilled task requiring constant care and concentration. Those who fail to do all these things present a threat to those with whom they share the road.
16. What is the author’s main purpose in writing this passage?
A. To warn drivers of the importance of safe driving.
B. To discuss traffic problems and propose possible solutions.
C. To show that the motor vehicle is a very dangerous invention.
D. To promote understanding between careless drivers and street walkers.
17. The reason why traffic accidents may be regarded as a social problem is that _____.
A. autos have become most destructive to mankind
B. people usually pay little attention to law and morality
C. the lack of virtue is becoming more severe
D. civilization brings much harm to people
18. Why does the author mention the psychological condition of the driver in Paragraph 3?
A. To give an example of the various reasons for road accidents.
B. To show how important it is for drivers to be emotionally healthy.
C. To show some of the inaccurate estimations by researchers.
D. To illustrate the hidden tensions in the course of driving.
19. The following is mentioned as being responsible for the road accidents EXCEPT _____.
A. careless bicycle-riders B. mindless people walking in the street
C. irresponsible drivers D. irresponsible manufacturer of automobiles
Londoners are great readers. They buy a large number of newspapers and magazines and even of books-especially paperbacks(平装书), which are still rather cheap in spite of the ever-increasing rises in the cost of printing. They still continue to buy “proper” books too, printed on good paper and fastened between hard covers.
There are many streets in London containing shops which specialize(专营) in book-selling. Perhaps the best known of these is Charing Cross Road in the very heart of London. Here the bookshops of all sorts and sizes are to be found, from the famous one which calls itself “the biggest book-shop in the world” to the tiny, dusty little places which seem to have been left over from Dickens’ time. Some of these shops stock, or will get any kind of books, but many of them specialize in second-hand books, in art books, in books on philosophy, politics or any other of the many subjects about which books may be written. One shop in this area specializes in books about ballet！
26. Compared with “paperbacks”, as is suggested in this passage, “proper” books are ____.
A. more valuable B. more costly
C. more enjoyable to read D. more difficult to read
27. This passage has mentioned all of the following except _____.
A. the Londoners as book lovers B. the various subjects of books
C. the size of the books D. the size of the bookshops
28. “The biggest book shop in the world” is perhaps _____.
A. words from the shop owner’s advertisement
B. a lie by the shop owner to cheat the readers
C. a praise of the shop from the writer of the passage
D. a praise of the shop from readers in London
29. When the writer mentions “the tiny, dusty little places”, he refers to ____.
A. very useful bookshop B. very dirty bookshops
C. very convenient bookshops D. very old bookshops
30. By saying “Dickens’ time”, the writer referred to _____.
A. a period of time when Dickens was still living
B. a period of time when people liked to read Dickens’ novels
C. a period of time when Dickens’ novels were sold
D. a period of time when Dickens was famous