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  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2017-08-16
    来源: 四川省成都市龙泉一中、新都一中等九校2016-2017学年高一6月联考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    TOKYO,JapanAn earthquake measuring 8.0 hit the northern Japanese island of Hokkaido early Friday.The quake was the strongest anywhere in the world this year.Several million people live on the island.Japan's national broadcasting agency,NHK,reported 236 people had been hurt,but no deaths had been reported.Tsunami waves measuring about 3 feet (1 meter) began hitting the eastern coast of Japan's northernmost island,and officials warned all residents in the region to seek higher ground.A fire broke out at oil refinery on the island after the earthquake,and television stations reported a train derailment and a landslide near a highway tunnel.The U.S. Geological Survey measured the quake at 8.0 but authorities in Japan initially gave it a magnitude of 7.8.The USGS said the temblor was located 33 kilometers (20 miles) under the Earth's crust,about 796 miles north/northwest of Tokyo,and began at 4:50 a.m.local time (1950 GMT).The second quake occurred at 6:08 a.m.(2108 GMT).

    On average,there is one magnitude-8,or greater,quake a year in the world.The amount of energy released (释放) in a magnitude-8 earthquake is equivalent to that contained in 1.01 billion tons of TNT,according to the USGS.A tsunami watch has been issued for the U.S.state of Hawaii."Based on all available data,a tsunami may have been generated by this earthquake that could be destructive on coastal areas even far from the epicenter,"said the announcement from the National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program.Only six days ago a 5.5-magnitude quake shook Japan.The September 20 earthquake was centered nearly 870 kilometers (540 miles) south-southeast of Tokyo, near Japan's Bonin Islands,a remote volcanic island group in the Pacific Ocean.Earlier this month,Japan marked the 80th anniversary of a magnitude 8.3 quake that devastated Tokyo and neighboring Yokohama,killing at least 140,000 people.In January 1995,a magnitude 7.2 temblor in Kobe killed more than 6,000 people.

    32.An 8.O-magnitude earthquake happened in Japan      .

    A.in January 1995     B.on September 26,2003          C.on September 25,2003        D.in September,1923

    33.What is NOT the result of this earthquake?

    A.236 people were hurt                                       B.A fire broke out at oil refinery on the island

    C.A train was out of track                                D.Two people died

    34.What does tsunami mean in Chinese?

    A.晨中                        B.火山                        C.海啸                               D.余震

    35.We can infer that      .

    A.this might be the biggest earthquake in the world this year

    B.Japan is a country where earthquakes frequently happen

    C.this earthquake has no effect on the USA

    D.the second quake occurred only half an hour after the first one

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:新闻报道类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-08-09
    来源: 山东省实验中学2017届高三下学期第二次模拟考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    NEW YORKAbout 600 million children,or one in four worldwide,will be Jiving in areas with extremely limited water resources by 2040,according to a report released by the United Nations Children's Fund on Wednesday to mark World Water Day.

    The report shows 36 countries are currently facing extremely high levels of water stress,which occurs when demand for water is much higher than the renewable supply available.Warmer temperatures,rising sea levels, increased floods,droughts and melting ice affect the quality and availability of clean water.

    World Water Day,observed on March 22 every year,is about taking action to deal with the crisis At present some 1.8 billion people use a source of polluted drinking water.The Sustainable Development Goals,launched by world leaders at the United Nations in 2015,include a target to ensure everyone has access to safe water by 2030.

    Population growth,increased water consumption and higher demand for water largely due to industrialization and urbanization are using up water resources worldwide.Conflicts in many parts of the world also threaten children's access to sate water.

    The poorest children will be most impacted by an increase in water stress,the report says,as millions of them already live in areas with low access to safe water. 

    "In a changing climate,we must change the way we work to reach those who are most Vulnerable,"UNICEF Executive Director Anthony Lake said."One of the most effective ways we can do that is safeguarding their access to safe water,making n a key issue in the fight to eradicate extreme poverty."

    32.The following factors lead to water stress EXCEPT      .

    A.climate change        B.natural disasters             C.increasing ice          D.rising sea levels

    33.One target of the The Sustainable Development Goals is       .

    A.to get rid of water pollution                                B.to deal with the climate change

    C.to ensure the availability of safe water              D.to improve children's living conditions

    34.Why are the poorest children most influenced by the water crisis?

    A.They have limited access to safe water.            B.They get the least attention of the UN.

    C.They have higher demand for water.                 D.They are often involved in conflicts.

    35.What does the underlined word "eradicate" probably mean?

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:新闻报道类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:6 入库时间:2017-07-18
    来源: 甘肃省西北师范大学附属中学2017届高三下学期第四次校内诊断考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    New York TimeA gunman killed eight people at a mall in Omaha this afternoon and then killed himself, setting off panic among holiday shoppers,the police said.

    "The person who we believe to be the shooter has died from self-inflicted gunshot wounds,"Sergeant Teresa Negron of the Omaha Police Department said at televised news."We have been able to clear the mall,"she said."We don't believe we have any other shooters."The police said that at least five other people had been injured in the shootings.

    She did not give the shooter's identity."We are still conducting the investigation,"Sergeant Negron said,adding that the city's mayor,who was out of town,was on his way back to Omaha.

    She said the police received a 911 call from someone inside the Westroads Mall on the west side of Omaha,and shots could be heard in the background.The first police officers arrived at the mall six minutes after the first call,she said but by then the shootings were over.

    It is reported that the gunman left a suicide note that was found at his home by relatives.A law enforcement official who spoke on condition of anonymity(匿名)said the note indicated that the gunman wanted to "go out in style."

    The shootings broke the usually ordinary routine of holiday shopping.The gunman was said by some witnesses to have fired about 20 shots into a crowd.Some customers and workers ran screaming from the mall,while others dived into dressing rooms to hide from the shooter.

    Shoppers and store workers were trapped inside the mall,which has roughly 135 stores.Others streamed out of mall exits with their hands raised.President Bush was in Omaha this morning to deliver a speech,but he had left the city by the time the shootings took place.

    13.What do the underlined words "go out in style" probably mean?

    A.To go out of the mall in particular clothes.                B.To walk in the mall with oneself focused on.

    C.To stop his life in an impressive way.                        D.To go to a social event by fashionable means.

    14.Which of the following is true according to the passage?

    A.Nobody knows why the shooter did so and nothing was found at his home.

    B.The city’s mayor went to the site when the shooting took place.

    C.Police arrived at the mall before the shooting was over and rescued customers.

    D.The official who showed what the note meant wanted to keep himself from being known to the public.

    15.Which of the following can be the best title of the news?

    A.Bush Happened to Escape a Shot

    B.Shoppers in Great Panic before the Holiday

    C.Shooter Found Dead in a Mall on the west of Omaha    

    D.Gunman Killed 8 People,Then Himself at a Mall in Omaha

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:新闻报道类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-07-17
    来源: 百校联盟2017届高考复习全程精练冲刺金卷英语试题(二) Word版含答案.doc

    WASHINGTONThousands of public schools stopped teaching foreign languages in the last decade,according to a survey.But another contrary trend has educators and policy makers abuzz: a rush by schools in all parts of America to offer instructions in Chinese.

    Some schools are paying for Chinese classes on their own,but hundreds are getting some help.The Chinese government is sending teachers from China to schools all over the worldand paying part of their salaries.

    No one keeps an exact count,but rough calculations based on the government's survey suggest that perhaps 1,600 American public and private schools are teaching Chinese,up from 300 or so a decade ago.And the number is growing exponentially(成倍地).

    "It's really changing the language education landscape of this country,"said Nancy C.Rhodes,director at the center.Other indicators point to the same trend."The number of students taking the Advanced Placement test in Chinese,introduced in 2007,has grown so fast that it is likely to pass German this year as the third most-tested A.P.language,after Spanish and French",said Trevor Packer,vice president at the College Board.

    "We've all been surprised that in such a short time Chinese would grow to surpass A.P.German,"Mr.Packer said.

    A decade ago,most of the schools with Chinese programs were on the East and West Coasts.But in recent years, many schools have started Chinese programs in heartland states,including Ohio and Illinois in the Midwest,Texas and Georgia in the South,and Colorado and Utah in the Rocky Mountain West.

    America has had the study of a foreign language grow before,only to see the bubble burst.Many schools began teaching Japanese in the 1980s,after Japan emerged as an economic rival.But thousands have dropped the language, the survey found.Japanese is not the only language that has declined.Thousands of schools that offered French, German or Russian have stopped teaching those languages,too,the survey found.

    25.What's the meaning of the underlined word "abuzz" in the first paragraph?

    A.Be noisy like the sound of a bee.                      B.Be lively for various activities.

    C.Cause people to discuss something hotly.               D.Motivate people to march bravely.

    26.What can we infer from what Mr.Packer said?

    A.More and more people choose Chinese in A.P.test.          B.A.P.test is the most difficult one in the world.

    C.Chinese is more important than Spanish and French.              D.Chinese is a necessary subject in most important tests.

    27.What can we know from the last two paragraphs?

    A.Many schools started Chinese programs in the Midwest ten years ago.

    B.Chinese programs have been started in more areas in America recently.

    C.American schools have stopped teaching French,German and Russian.

    D.People are gradually fond of learning Chinese and Japanese in recent years.

    28.What is the main idea of the passage?

    A.Chinese is being learned as an official language in America.

    B.Foreign Languages fade in American schools except Chinese.

    C.Teaching Chinese in foreign countries has become a trend.

    D.Foreign languages are no longer being taught in America.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:新闻报道类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:5 入库时间:2017-06-26
    来源: 河北省定州中学2016-2017学年高二(承智班)下学期英语周练试题(5-21) Word版含解析.doc

    ARLANDA, Sweden Reuters Life!)—Many people hate the idea of having to sleep on a plane. But Swedish entrepreneur Oscar Dios thinks they can be persuaded otherwise and he has created a new kind of hostel to prove it.

    Dios says it is the worlds first jumbo unusually large jet hostel, an actual jet-plane at Swedens main airport outside Stockholm which has been changed into a 25- room guesthouse that sleeps as many as 72 people.

    I learned about this plane that was standing deserted at Arlanda airport and Ive been trying the concept of hostels in many different houses and buildings, he told Reuters. I thought, Why not a plane?’”

    Jumbo Hostels opened for business on Thursday, giving customers the chance to check in and sleep in a room that can best be described as comfortable.

    The most challenging part with this project is trying to build something inside a metal hull(壳) – its just really, really tight.

    The jet, which was originally produced for Singapore Airlines, was taken out of service in 2002. It is held on a concrete foundation with the landing gear secured in steel cradles.

    One feature of the hostel is its price a room starts at 350 Swedish crowns about $ 41, which is a lot less than hotel rooms outside of major airports.

    Another feature is that customers can get married on the wing of the plane and stay in the planes more luxurious honeymoon suite (套房).

    Instead of walking down the aisle in the church, lovebirds can take what Jumbo Hostels calls the wing walk, where they can be joined in great happiness at the wing tip. The hostel has someone ready to perform the ceremony.

    But in some respects this hostel remains a plane most customers have to share the jets nine bathrooms and the staff only wear air host and hostess outfits. The only room that has its own bathroom is the honeymoon suite.

    5 Which of the following is not true?

    A. The jet plane was out of use for over eight years

    B. The hostel provides ten bathrooms for customers

    C. The rooms in the hotel are comfortable

    D. The hostel lies at Arlanda airport in Stockholm

    6 One of the features of the plane hostel is that         .

    A. air hostesses can offer good service

    B. a wedding ceremony can be held on the wing    

    C. customers can sleep in comfortable rooms      

    D. the staff can have a wing walk

    7 Why does Oscar Dios make jet plane hotel?

    A. Because he is fond of plane very much.

    B. Because he is very curious

    C. Because he wants to earn more money.

    D. Because he likes trying the concept of hotel in many different things.

    8 The writer mainly wants to          .

    A. call on people to make use of the deserted things

    B. describe a wonderful place for weddings

    C. introduce a new kind of hostel    

    D. prove people can sleep on a plane  

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:新闻报道类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:4 入库时间:2017-06-20
    来源: 2017年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语(浙江卷)试题及答案 解析.DOC

    FLORENCE, Italy—Svetlana Cojochru feels hurt. The Moldovan has lived here seven years as a caregiver to Italian kids and elderly, but in order to stay she’s had to prove her language skills by taking a test which requires her to write a postcard to an imaginary friend and answer a fictional job ad.

    Italy is the latest Western European country trying to control a growing immigrant(移民) population by demanding language skills in exchange for work permits, or in some cases, citizenship.

    Some immigrant advocates worry that as hard financial times make it more difficult for natives to keep jobs, such measures will become more a vehicle for intolerance than integration(融合). Others say it’s only natural that newcomers learn the language of their host nation, seeing it as a condition to ensure they can contribute to society.

    Other European countries laid down a similar requirement for immigrants, and some terms are even tougher. The governments argue that this will help foreigners better join the society and promote understanding across cultures.

    Italy, which has a much weaker tradition of immigration, has witnessed a sharp increase in immigration in recent years. In 1990, immigrants numbered some 1.14 million out of Italy’s then 56.7 million people, or about 2 percent. At the start of this year, foreigners living in Italy amounted to 4.56 million of a total population of 60.6 million, or 7.5 percent, with immigrants’ children accounting for an ever larger percentage of births in Italy.

    Cojochru, the Moldovan caregiver, hoped obtaining permanent residence(居住权) would help her bring her two children to Italy; they live with her sister in Moldova, where salaries are among the lowest in Europe. She was skeptical that the language requirement would encourage integration.

    Italians always see me as a foreigner, an outsider, even though she’s stayed in the country for years and can speak the local language fluently, she said.

    28. Why does Cojochru have to take a language test?

    A. To continue to stay in Italy.                                 B. To teach her children Italian.

    C. To find a better job in Italy.                                 D. To better mix with the Italians.

    29. Some people worry that the new language requirement may ________.

    A. reduce Italy’s population quickly                          B. cause conflicts among people

    C. lead to financial difficulties                                  D. put pressure on schools

    30. What do we know about Cojochru?

    A. She lives with her sister now in Italy.

    B. She enjoys learning the Italian language.

    C. She speaks Italian well enough for her job.

    D. She wishes to go back to her home country.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:新闻报道类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:5 入库时间:2017-05-20
    来源: 重庆市秀山高级中学2016-2017学年高二3月月考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    NEW YORK: New York on Thursday, 13 Sept, became the first city in the United States to enforce a limited ban on super-sized soda drinks blamed by Mayor Michael Bloomberg for fueling a national obesity crisis.    The Board of Health's formal approval of the ban---proposed by Bloomberg and praised by health campaigners, but hotly opposed by soft drinks manufacturers—was not considered a surprise.                  The city health commissioner, Thomas Farley, called the vote "historic".                

        However, Liz Berman, president of Continental Food and Beverage and head of the New Yorkers for Beverage Choices lobby group, described the "discriminatory ban" as a "fix". "It's sad that the board wants to limit our choices. We are smart enough to make our own decisions about what to eat and drink." she said in a statement.       

        However, there is nothing to stop people from buying as much soda as they like by refilling smaller containers. Also, the ban does not extend to drinks sold in supermarkets or any dairy or fruit drinks, many of which also contain huge quantities of sugar.                  

        Diet and alcoholic drinks are also exempted. The measure, which could face legal challenges from the soft drinks industry, takes effect in six months.                   

    According to official statistics, some 6,000 people in New York die each year from obesity-linked problems. One in eight adult New Yorkers has diabetes, which can be worsened by sugar consumption.               

        Boosting the mayor, the newly-built basketball stadium for the Brooklyn Nets announced it will immediately adopt the rules, well ahead of the March 12 deadline.                  

        The measure generated a stormy debate, including 38,000 comments written to the Board of Health. Polls showed a majority of people opposed the ban.                  

     24. Why does New York enforce the limited ban on super-sized soda drinks?                 

    A. Because it is believed that soda drinks are of harm to health.  

    B. Because it is believed that soda drinks cause the nation overweight.

        C. Because too many people don't like drinking soda drinks.

        D. Because super-sized soda drinks block the sugar consumption.

     25. What can we infer from the passage about Liz Berman?

        A. She takes the limited ban on super-sized soda drinks as an unfair one.

                       

        B. She is in charge of the production of soda drinks all over the country.

        C. She is very angry that the city government limits what to eat and drink.

        D. She is smart enough to know what she eats or drinks.

     26. The underlined word "exempted" means ________ in the 7th paragraph.                                    A. unfair           B. upset           C. relieved             D.limited

     27. When will the limited ban be carried out according to the passage?                

        A. This September.                 B. This November.  

    C. The coming January.             D. The coming March.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:新闻报道类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:5 入库时间:2017-05-19
    来源: 四川省雅安中学2016-2017学年高二3月月考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

      Time:2017-01-24     From:kekenet.com        Editor: clover

         The head of China's largest online seller Alibaba does not think China and the United States will have a trade war despite comments from the Trump administration.

         Jack Ma is the chairman of the Alibaba Group. At the World Economic Forum meeting in Davos, Switzerland, he said, "China and (the) U.S. will never have a trade war. Give Trump some time. He's open-minded, he's listening."

    The Chinese billionaire said he would do all he could to prevent trade relations between the countries from getting worse.

        Last week, Ma met with Trump at the Trump Tower in New York City. The Chinese billionaire is said to have discussed a plan to permit one million small U.S. businesses to sell goods on Alibaba's online shopping platform.

        During the campaign and after winning the presidential election, Trump strongly criticized the Chinese government's support for its businesses. He blamed unfair trade policies for taking away U.S. jobs. And he said that China unfairly controls the exchange value of its currency, the yuan.

          Trump also has threatened to place import taxes on goods from China and other countries in response to their trade policies.

    According to the South China Morning Post, Ma said, "American international companies made millions and millions of dollars from globalization." He added that the U.S. should not blame the loss of jobs and companies on globalization.

          However, a new study by an American business group says many U.S. businesses feel unwelcome in China. The companies say the cost of doing business in China is increasing. They add that rules and regulations are unclear or not enforced in a consistent way.

          The American Chamber of Commerce in China led the study, which looked at responses from 462 companies.

          William Zarit is chairman of the chamber. He says trade policies in China make it difficult for American companies. He says, "we feel that over the last few years that we've been taken advantage of to some extent, with our open market and the lack of open areas in the Chinese market."

         Another major concern for U.S. companies in China is fake products. Fake products are copies of the originals that cost businesses with the legal right to sell them millions of dollars each year.

        Ma defended Alibaba's efforts to fight fake products on its shopping platform. He said his company is doing all it can to fight the problem.

    "Fighting against fake products is a war against human greediness," Ma said.

    I'm Mario Ritter.

    25The underline phrase “The Chinese billionaire” refers to_________.

       A. Trump              B. Jack Ma         C. Mario Ritter   D. Willian Zarit

    26The text likely take from the__________.

       A. economic magazine   B. trade speech       C. Website      D. global news

    27About this passage, the most suitable title is_______.

       A. Chinese Billionaire Does Not See China-US Trade War.

       B. The American international companies removed most tariffs on products traded between the U.S and China.

       C. Group says American businesses in China concerned.

       D. The war about fighting against fake products.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:新闻报道类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2017-05-10
    来源: 辽宁省大连渤海高级中学2015-2016学年高二下学期期中考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

         Brave Frenchman Found Half-way Around the World
    (NEW YORK) A French tourist highly praised for rescuing a two-year-old girl in Manhattan said he didn’t think twice before diving into the freezing East River.
    Tuesday
    s Daily News said 29-year who left the spot quickly after the rescue last Saturday.
    He lifted the little girl out of the water after she fell off the bank at the South Street Scaport museum. He handed the girl to her father, David Anderson, who had dive in after him.
    I didnt think at all,  Duret told the Daily News. It happened very fast. I reacted very fast.
    Duret, an engineer on vacation ,was walking with his girlfriend along the pier(
    码头)when he saw something falling  into the water .He thought it was a doll, but realized it was a child when he approached the river. In an instant, he took off his coat and jumped into the water.
    When he reached the girl, she appeared lifeless, he said. Fortunately, when she was out of the water, she opened her eyes.
    Anderson said his daughter slipped off the bank when he was adjusting his camera. An ambulance came later for her, said Duret, who was handed dry clothes from cookers. Duret caught a train with his girlfriend shortly after.
    The rescue happened on the day before he left for France. Duret said he didn’t realize his tale of heroism he was leaving the next morning .
    I dont really think Im a hero, said Duret. Anyone would do the same ting.
    28.Why was Duret in NewYork?     
    A. To meet his girlfriend              B. To work as an engineer
    C. To spend his holiday               D. To visit the Andersons.
    29. What did Duret do shortly after the ambulance came?             
    A. He was interviewed by a newspaper
    B. He asked his girlfriend for his dry clothes
    C. He went to the hospital in the ambulance

    D. He disappeared from the spot quickly
    30. Who divide after Duret into the river to save the little girl?        
    A. David Anderson   B. a passer-by    C. his girlfriend     D. a taxi driver.
    31. When was Duret most probably found to be the very hero?        
    A.the day when he was leaving for home.
    B. a couple of days after the girl was rescued 
    C. the first day when he was in New York 
    D. the same day when he was interviewed.
      

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:新闻报道类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2017-05-10
    来源: 江西省新余市第一中学2016-2017学年高二下学期第一次段考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    WASHINGTON—There are more than 222million TVs in American homes. And it would make Frank Vespe very happy this week if every last one was turned off.

    Vespe is the head of the TV-Turnoff Network. the Washington organization behind TV Turnoff Week. For TV Turnoff week, American children are encouraged to go one week without watching TV. This year, it runs from April 23~29.“Our real message here is to see what life is like without TV and then make watching TV a conscious(自觉的) decision,”said Vespe.

    Vespe said that most of the children who go without television for a week go back to watching, but not so much.“They watch more selectively. They do more things as a family. It helps them put TV in its place.”One girl who is turning off her TV is Sarah Foote, 9.of Virginia. Sarah admits that it won’t be too hard to give up TV. She’s allowed to watch only educational television, and he favorite show from last year isn’t on any more.

    Of course, there are plenty of things about TV: programs can be entertaining, even educational.

    Even so, some experts aren’t sure TV Turnoff Week is the answer.

    Susan Neuman, a university educator who studies children and reading ,says the real problem is that parents do not keep track of what their children are watching. They don’t set limits on TV watching. Also, in some families, TV might be the only thing to do.

    What message does Sarah have for other children?

    “It’s a very good idea. I spent a whole week without TV. It also teaches you to enjoy time doing different things and not being sucked into something on TV, because you don’t want TV taking up all of your time.”Sarah said.

    30. From the first two paragraphs we know that        .

    A. American TV companies will be turned off

    B. American families have more TV sets than they need

    C. Vespe has persuaded most people to turn off their TV sets

    D. Vespe is an active person in the TV-Turnoff organization

    31. As Vespe said in this passage, turning off TV a week can help children        .

    A. forget to watch TV programmes                    B. improve their habits of watching TV

    C. place TV sets out of their bedrooms                    D. have part-time jobs after school

    32. In some experts’ opinion        .

    A. parents should turn off TV for their children

    B. parents should teach their children how to use TV

    C. children should enjoy exciting programmes on TV

    D. children should learn their lessons on TV

    31. What’s the author’s purpose in writing this passage?

    A. To advise us to turn off TV sets.                      B. To warn parents of the danger of TV.

    C. To report to us a piece of news about TV.             D. To praise Vespe and his organization.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:新闻报道类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2017-05-08
    来源: 湖南省株洲市第十八中学2016-2017学年高二上学期期末考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    LONDON—Manchester is Britain’s fattest city, a survey for “Men’s Health” has found, beating Glasgow for the first time since the magazine started examining the issue three years ago.

    Editor Pete Muir said the survey had looked at a variety of factors(因素) from gym membership to heart disease rates to find the fattest city. “Manchester has more fast food restaurants than anywhere else in the UK,” he told Reuters. “People are taking the easy choice —eating and then just sitting in front of the TV.”

    Manchester’s problem is part of a wider trend(趋势). On Thursday, the Office of National Statistics (ONS) blamed(责备) a lack of exercise and poor diet for a fifth of adult Britons being obese(过度肥胖的). “Obesity is a major risky factor related to heart disease, diabetes and premature death(糖尿病和早亡),” said an ONS survey. “None of the 108 young men in the survey reported eating five portions of fruit or vegetables on average each day.”

    In Manchester, the head of the city’s public health programs said he did not believe that they were necessarily the fattest city, but that they did have problems and were aiming to address them. Social deprivation(贫困) was a major factor. “One of the myths is that the stressed-out(压力大的) rich businessman is the one who is overweight,” David Regan told Reuters. “In fact, it is the poor areas that have the most problems. We aim not to be the fattest but the fittest city but we have a long way to go.”

    Second in the survey is Stoke-on-Trent, followed by Liverpool, Swansea and Leicester. Glasgow is sixth.

    32. Manchester took the place of ____________ and became Britain’s fattest city.

    A. Liverpool    B. London    C. Stoke-on-Trent    D. Glasgow

    33. Obesity may lead to the following EXCEPT _______________.

    A. heart disease  B. diabetes   C. premature death    D. a lack of exercise

    34. David Regan is most probably _________________.

    A. the reporter from Reuters        

    B. an official of ONS

    C. the head of Manchester’s public health programs  

    D. a rich businessman who is overweight

    35. This article is most probably taken from ________________.

    A. a newspaper     B. a science book   C. a novel         D. a biography (传记)

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:新闻报道类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2017-04-28
    来源: 高二月考卷(第七稿 3.5).doc

    PITTSBURGH – For most people, snakes seem unpleasant or even threatening. But Howie Choset sees in their delicate movements a way to save lives.

           The 37-year-old Carnegie Mellon University professor has spent years developing snake-like robots he hopes will eventually slide through fallen buildings in search of victims trapped after natural disasters or other emergencies.

           Dan Kara is president of Robotics Trends, a Northboro, mass-based company that publishes an online industry magazine and runs robotics trade shows. He said there are other snake-like robots being developed, mainly at universities, but didn't know of one that could climb pipes.

           The Carnegie Mellon machines are designed to carry cameras and electronic sensors and can be controlled with a joystick (操纵杆). They move smoothly with the help of small electric motors, or servos, commonly used by hobbyists in model airplanes.

           Built from lightweight materials, the robots are about the size of a human arm or smaller. They can sense which way is up, but are only as good as their human operators, Choset added.

           Sam Stover, a search term manager with the Federal Emergency Management Agency based in Indiana, said snake-type robots would offer greater mobility than equipment currently available, such as cameras attached to extendable roles.

            "It just allows us to do something we've not been able to do before," Stover said, "We needed them yesterday."

            He said sniffer dogs are still the best search tool for rescue workers, but that they can only be used effectively when workers have access to damaged building.

            Stover, among the rescue workers who handled the aftermath (后果) of Hurricane Katrina, said snake robots would have helped rescuers search flooded houses in that disaster.

            Choset said the robots may not be ready for use for another five to ten years, depending on funding.

    38. Which institution is responsible for the development of Choset's robots?

    A. Robotics Trends.                      B. Pittsburgh City Council.

    C. Carnegie Mellon University.     D. Federal Emergency Management Agency.

    39. Choset believes that his invention _________.

    A. can be attached to an electronic arm

    B. can be used by hobbyists in model airplanes

    C. can find victims more quickly than a sniffer dog

    D. can sense its way as well as its operators

    40. By saying "We needed them yesterday" (paragraph 7), Stover means that snake-like robots ________.

    A. could help handle the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina

    B. should have been put to use in past rescue work

    C. helped rescuers search flooded houses yesterday

    D. were in greater need yesterday than today

    41. What is the text mainly about?

    A. Snake-like robots used in industries.

    B. Snake-like robots made to aid in rescues.

    C. The development of snake-like robots.

    D. The working principles of snake-like robots.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:新闻报道类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:5 入库时间:2017-04-08
    来源: 黑龙江省虎林市高级中学2016-2017学年高二下学期开学摸底考试(3月)英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

       

    BERLIN---A German woman, fearful that a burglar was trying to break into her second -storey apartment, called police after she heard someone climbing up to her balcony shortly after midnight, police said Thursday.
    Police discovered the
    burglar was a man carrying flowers and a bottle of wine who turned out to be the woman's boyfriend. But then arrested him on an outstanding reason.
     
    He was trying to surprise her with the flowers and a bottle of wine but it all went wrong, said Korbach police spokesman Volker Koenig. He said the man jumped down from the balcony and tried to escape but was quickly caught by police.
      
    He gave the police who were taking him to jail the bottle of wine as a gesture of thanks for the friendly treatment after the arrest. Koenig said
        LONDON---A smoker who died after battling emphysema (
    肺气肿) has had his dying wish granted with the placement of a SMOKING KILLED ME sign on his hearse (灵车) and his grave.
        Albert Whittamore blamed his youthful smoking habit for the lung disease. He said before he died in February that he wanted the sign to serve as a warning to young people about the dangers of tobacco smoking.
        The sign was designed to look like the health warning on a packet of cigarettes. The printed notice at his grave will be left in place for a week. The hearse carrying his body through the town of Dover 100 miles (160 kilometers) southeast of London and several of the printed signs shown in the windows.
    34. The man climbing up to the girl's balcony _______
    A. was actually a wanted thief                  B. was put into prison in the end
    C. thanked the police for setting him free      D. was treated badly by the police
    35. The best title for the first news item might be
    _______.
    A. A burglar's love                             B. A burglar boyfriend
    C. Flowers and wine                             D. Price for being romantic
    36. The public paid more attention to the smoker because _______.
    A. he died after smoking for many years
    B. he had the sign put on his hearse and his grave
    C. he died of a lung disease without any treatment
    D. he wanted the sign left on his grave for one day
    37. Which of the following is NOT true?
    A. The sign will be printed on the packet of cigarettes.
     
    B. The signs were also shown in the windows of the hearse.
    C. The smoker wanted to tell people how bad it was to smoke.
    D. The smoker regretted forming the habit of smoking.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:新闻报道类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:12 入库时间:2017-03-06
    来源: 江西省吉安市第一中学2016-2017学年高一上学期第二次段考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

       BEIJING Oct 16 (Friday) (Xinhua)---The Chinese government will enact (……制成法律)more support policies to life the country’s 70 million poor people above the poverty line by 2020, President Xi Jinping pledged(保证)on Friday ahead of the 23rd International Day for the Eradication of Poverty.

    Addressing the Global Poverty Reduction and Development Forum in Beijing, Xi said China will work to fight the hard battle against poverty. In his speech, Xi drew on his personal experience in the 1960s working as a farmer in a small village in northwestern Shaanxi Province, where he was struck by the poor living conditions in rural China. But over the past several decades, China has made remarkable progress in poverty relief.

    China has lifted more than 600 million people out of poverty in the past 30 years, accounting for about 70 percent of those brought out of poverty worldwide. It was the first developing country to meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) target of reducing the population living in poverty by half ahead of the 2015 deadline. “Despite the achievements, China remains the world’s biggest developing country, and narrowing the urban-rural gap remains a big challenge for us,” Xi said.

    As of the end of 2014, China still had 70.17 million people in the countryside living below the country’s poverty line of 2,300 yuan (376 U. S. dollars) in annual income by 2010 price standards. The president said poverty alleviation will be a major part of China’s post-2015 agenda. While striving to reduce poverty at home, China has also actively supported the cause in other developing countries. Over the past 60 years, China has provided 166 countries and international organizations with nearly 400 billion yuan in assistance.

    China has also announced seven times it would exempt(免除), without any conditions, the matured inter-governmental interest free loans owned by heavily-indebted poor countries and least developed countries. At a United Nations summit last month the goal of eliminating poverty in 15 years was laid out and China pledged an initial 2 billion U.S. dollars to establish an assistance fund to help developing nations fight poverty.

    In a video message for Friday’s Forum, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon praised China’s remarkable achievements in poverty alleviation, saying the UN welcomes those significant and generous proposals from President Xi and looks forward to further progress with an indispensable partnership with China.

    Saturday also marks China’s second National Poverty Relief Day.

    28. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?

    A. President Xi once worked as a farmer in a small village.

    B. China has made great contributions to poverty relief in the past decades

    C. China has announced to exempt loans owned by heavily-indebted poor countries and developed countries

    D. The UN thinks highly of China’s extraordinary achievements in poverty relief

    29. The underlined word “alleviation” in the Paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to ________.

    A. relief             B. line           C. reform           D. rise

    30. According to the text, National Poverty Relief Day falls on ________.

    A. Oct. 16           B. Oct. 15        C. Oct. 14           D. Oct. 17

    31. The passage is most likely to be taken from ________.

    A. a magazine       B. a newspaper      C. a research paper    D. a brochure

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:新闻报道类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:14 入库时间:2017-02-23
    来源: 河北省衡水中学2016-2017学年高二上学期期中考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    MUMBAI, India—The children in their party clothes on the stage were very excited when they received the award. And the two of them said, “It’s unbelievable! ”

    Nine-year-old, Rubina Ali, and Azharuddin Ismail, 10, were living a very different life and obviously loving every minute of it. The two, some of the child stars of the Oscar-winning Slum(贫民窟) dog Millionaire movie, know the Indian slums very well. Thai was where they grew up, and it is where they will return at the end of their Hollywood dream trip.

    But before going back home, there was an interview with the host, Ryan Seacrest. During the interview they smiled and repeated their disbelief in what was happening to them. To their surprise, their movie won first place in the Oscars. When the two received the award, it was late morning in the children’s home city of Mumbai, where family, friends and many fellow residents of the slums watched the result from Hollywood.

    “I don’t really know what the Oscars are,” Rubina’s mother said. “I’m just glad my daughter looks happy, though she told me she missed Indian food. ”

    “Our children lead a dog’s life,”Rubina’s mother said, pointing out the rubbish everywhere, the open drains (下水道) and the lack of education opportunities.

    In a few days they will be back in Mumbai and back in the slums which are their home. Fortunately, according to media reports, the movie’s director, Danny Boyle, has promised to help the children he chose from the slum and make sure they will go to a proper school.

    The two don’t need to worry about their daily lives because of the Oscar success of Slum dog Millionaire. But the poverty and lack of opportunity — the central theme of the movie — is always all around.

    29. The two children were chosen to act in the film because           .

    A. their life was similar to that in the film

    B. they learned acting before

    C. they were good at acting

    D. they were lovely and clever

    30. What can we infer from the text?

    A. The two children have played in other movies before.

    B. Rinoms’s mother also went to the Hollywood.

    C. Rubina may not get used to the American food.

    D. They will travel to other countries before returning home.

    31. What will happen to the two children after they return to India?

    A. They will go back to the miserable life.

    B. They will play in movies as famous actors.

    C. They will leave school to learn acting.

    D. They will have a better education.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:新闻报道类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:4 入库时间:2017-02-13
    来源: 湖北省宜昌市第一中学2016-2017学年高二上学期12月月考试题 英语 Word版含答案.doc

    NANJING, Nov. 4 (Xinhua) -- Xi Jinping and Ma Ying-jeou will shake hands in their historic meeting scheduled in Singapore on Saturday, head of the Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council said on Wednesday.

    The two-part meeting includes one session open to the media and another behind closed doors, said Zhang Zhijun, who is also head of the Taiwan Work Office of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, when interviewed at the Zijinshan Summit for Entrepreneurs across the Taiwan Strait.

    According to Zhang, Xi and Ma, as "leaders of the two sides" of the Taiwan Strait, will exchange views during the closed-door meeting.

    After the meeting, press conferences will be held by both sides. Later, the two leaders are expected to attend a dinner, said Zhang.

    Zhang said the meeting will lift cross-Strait communication to a new high.

    The landmark meeting is a breakthrough in face-to-face exchange and communication between the leaders across the Taiwan Strait after the relationship became strained following the events of 1949.

    Zhang said the meeting will improve mutual trust and allow for an exchange of opinions on handling the cross-Strait ties.

    In addition, the meeting will help strengthen the 1992 Consensus(共识), which was reached in talks between the two sides in 1992 and recognizes the one-China principle, and safeguards the peaceful development of cross-Strait ties, according to Zhang.

    Zhang added that the scheduled meeting will also benefit regional peace and stability.

    Also at Wednesday's summit, Chiang Pin-kung, former chairman of the Taiwan-based Straits Exchange Foundation, hailed the upcoming meeting between the two leaders as a milestone for cross-Strait ties.

    Chiang told the media that he believed the meeting will give a boost to the peaceful development of cross-Strait ties.

    28. According to the article, the meeting of the two leaders will _______.

    A.      be held at the Zijinshan Summit for Entrepreneurs across the Taiwan Strait

    B.      be the first face-to-face communication between people across the Taiwan Strait

    C.      improve mutual trust and benefit regional peace and development

    D.     be all open to the media

    29. Which of the following statements about the 1992 Consensus is not true?

       A. It was reached in 1992.

    B. It recognizes the one-China principle.

    C. It safeguards the peaceful development of cross-Strait ties.

    D. It is an agreement between China and Japan.

    30. Which of the following can best substitute the word “hailed” in the last paragraph but one?

    A.      sang high praise for             B. was concerned about 

    C.  was impressed with                          D. got well prepared for

    31. Which might be the right sequence of the following events?

    a. The two leaders shake hands in front of the media.

    b.The two leaders hold press conferences.

    c.The two leaders exchange views during the closed-door meeting.

    d.The two leaders have dinner together.

    A. a; b; c; d            B. a; c; b; d        C. a; d; b; c           D. b; a; c; d

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:新闻报道类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:5 入库时间:2017-01-25
    来源: 江苏省淮安市淮海中学2017届高三上学期第一次阶段测试(10月)英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    NEW YORK— Picking a Christmas tree takes most people a few minutes, or a couple of hours if they head for the woods. Dave Murbach needs 11 months.

        Almost every day of every year, Murbach’s thoughts turn to vision of a perfectly shaped evergreen tree that will take everyone's breath away.

         Murbach is the man responsible for finding the towering tree that makes more attractive Manhattan’s Rockefeller Center each Christmas season.

         “I'm always looking for a tree,” the center's chief gardener says. “I look for it even when I go to the beach in the summer. It’s like a homework assignment hanging over your head.”

         And if he gets it wrong, there's nothing hiding it.

         “Every day it's up, 400,000 people go by, and 2.5 million people watch the lighting celebration on television,”he says.

        This year’s tree, a 74-foot Nomy spruce (云杉) from Richfield, Ohio, flown to New York on the world's largest cargo plane, was lighted on December 2.

        The arrival of the tree leads in the Christmas season in New York — a tradition dating back to 1931, when the workers building Rockefeller Center put up a small tree with ornaments. 

         The search for the next year's tree starts soon after the old tree is chopped up for wood chips and horse-jumping logs.

        Murbach has three standards: The tree must be at least 65 feet high, at least 35 feet across and leaves dense enough not to see through.

        That's not as simple as it sounds. Though forests are full of evergreens, few get enough sunlight or space to fill out. And branches in snow regions often break under the weight, making trees unbalanced.

        Back at the office, he sorts through hundreds of letters from people offering their trees, many addressed simply to “Mr. Christmas Tree Man.”

    Though there was occasional anxiety attack and sleepless night, Murbach knows the effect the tree has on people: “It's for bringing people together, attempting to bring together people you love. That's what I hope it sets off.” But Murbach says he's always too worn out to celebrate Christmas.

    58. Which is the correct order of the events in the passage?

    a. Murbach’s thoughts turn to a perfectly shaped tree.

    b. 2.5 million people watch the Christmas tree.

    c. The tree is flown to New York.

    d. It was lighted on December 2.

    e. The tree is chopped up.

    f. Murbach searches for the tree.

    A. a, b, c, d, e, f                  B. c, d, b, f, e, a     C. c, d, e, b, a, f             D. a, f, c, d, b, e

    59. Why does Murbach take his job seriously?

    A. Because he wants everyone to be happy with his choice.    

    B. Because he hopes to make everybody unable to breathe.

    C. Because he enjoys showing off.            

    D. Because he wishes to attract people's attention to himself.

    60. According to Murbach' s standard of trees, the best tree must _____.

         A. be evergreen                                               B. have lots of space between their branches

    C. be tall enough not to see through                   D. be equally balanced

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:新闻报道类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:4 入库时间:2017-01-18
    来源: 河南省上蔡一高2016-2017学年高一10月月考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

         ISTANBUL -- VakifBank will be seeking to(试图;设法) win the FIVB Women's World Club Championship with its new transfer(运动员转会) Zhu Ting, China's star spiker and the Most Valuable Player (MVP) in the Rio Olympics, the Turkish volleyball club said on Saturday.

        VakifBank is now making preparations for the FIVB Women's Club World Championship which starts on October 18 in the Philippines.

        "Although we will compete with several tough teams, we are sure that we will get out of this fierce competition with victory," the club's Italian coach Giovanni Guidetti told reporters.

        He noted that his team is working hard for the championship and will try its utmost in the Philippines as the club owns best players of the world.

       "We are working hard to carry Turkish sport and Turkish women to the summit(最高点;顶点) at the international arena(竞技场;竞技舞台)," said the Board Chairman of the VakifBank club Osman Demren.

       Zhu Ting also expressed her happiness and excitement for joining one of the best clubs of the world.

       "The new arena is very beautiful, and I am looking forward to winning Turkish league champion with the club," Zhu said at the press conference.

    25.From the passage, we know that Zhu Ting comes from__________.

    A. South Korea      B. Singapore   C. China    D. Japan

    26. The club's Italian coach Giovanni Guidetti is______ that they will get out of this fierce competition with victory.

    A. uncertain         B. sad        C. sorry      D. certain

    27.The phrasetry its utmost” in Paragraph 4 means_________

    A.Try nothing.                 B.Can’t choose but do something

    C.Try as hard as possible         D.Be too careless

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:新闻报道类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:9 入库时间:2016-12-23
    来源: 辽宁省铁岭市2017届高三协作体第一次联考英语试题 Word版含解析.doc

    WELLINGTON, New Zealand (AP) ---- About 140 pilot whales that stranded(使...搁浅) themselves on a remote stretch of New Zealand beach have died, but conservation workers and volunteers are hoping the remaining 60 or so will survive after they managed to get them refloated, an official said Saturday.
        The geography of Farewell Spit on the South Island seems to work against whales, which regularly become stranded there. The stranding of 198 whales on Friday was one of the largest in recent years and inspired 80 workers and volunteers to help out.
        By late Saturday, 140 of the whales had died, said Department of Conservation area manager Andrew Lamason.
        He said the workers and volunteers worked throughout the day to keep the surviving whales watered and covered before refloating them during Saturday night’s high tide.
        “We’ve had a really good crew of volunteers, and people have been wanting to come from all over the country,” Lamason said.
    He said the surviving whales had moved to deeper water. But he cautioned that although hopes for their survival were high, whales had been refloated in the past only to return and get stranded again.
        Lamason said the scale(
    规模) of the stranding has been tough on the helpers, both physically and mentally.
    “It’s very sad, they’re very intelligent animals,” he said. “The common view is that it’s part of nature.”
        The focus will now turn to the dead whales, and the enormous task of dealing with the remains, Lamason said, adding that in the past helpers have typically buried them in the sand, but that he’s not sure what the approach will be this time.
        He said the department had been experimenting with moving the the dead whales into the water, which has the advantage of providing food for other sea creatures.
    21. What is the exact number of whales stranded last Friday
        A. 198     B.140.     C. 80.     D.60
    22. Why did the volunteers have to wait until Saturday before they could refloat the whales
        A. Because they were very busy on Friday.
        B. Because the whales were too intelligent.

    C. Because they had to wait for the sea water to rise.
        D. Because the whales were buried deep in the sand.
    23. Which of the following words can be used to describe Lamason’s attitude towards the
        result of refloating the whales
        A. Optimistic.    B. Doubtful.   C. Positive.     D. Careless.
    24. How will the volunteers deal with the dead whales this time according to Lamason ?
       A. They will bury them in the sand.

    B. They do not have any exact idea yet.
    C. They will throw them into the ocean.
    D. They will feed them to other sea creatures.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:新闻报道类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:11 入库时间:2016-12-04
    来源: 四川省三台中学2016届高三上学期第三次月考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    BEIJINGFamily planning officers will handle the illegal birth case of film director Zhang Yimou by following legal procedures, a government spokesman said on Tuesday, December 10, 2013.

    When asked to comment on Zhang’s case at a press conference, Yao Hongwen, spokesman for the National Health and Family Planning Commission(NHFPC), said “Every citizen is equal before the law and nobody is allowed to have privileges(特权)to give birth to more children than allowed.”

    Yao’s comment came after media stories claimed that Zhang had remarried and fathered a total of seven children: one with his former wife, three with his present wife, Chen Ting, and another three from two lovers.

    “The NHFPC’s attitude towards citizens’ birth violations(违法)is consistent and clear. Every Chinese citizen should obey and safeguard the seriousness of laws and regulations.” NHFPC spokesman Yao Hongwen said.

    China’s family planning policy, introduced in the late 1970s to slow down the country’s growing population, limits most urban couples to one child and most rural couples to two. The policy was recently relaxed, allowing couples to have two children if one of them is an only child.

    Those who break the policy face severe fines. The amount of the fine is generally several times the yearly annual income of the two spouses(配偶). Some media calculations put the fine that Zhang may face at as much as 160 million yuan(over $26 million).

    Zhang’s birth case has caused criticism online about famous people who have more children than the policy allows.

    In an open letter on December 1, Zhang admitted that the couple has two sons and daughter and they are willing to accept investigation and punishment according to China’s laws and regulations. He apologized to the public.

    However, the letter denied that Zhang had lovers and was father to as many as seven children from various mothers.

    Zhang, one of the “fifth generation” of Chinese filmmakers, made his first directorial work in 1987 with “Red Sorghum” and has won a number of award worldwide. He was chief director of the opening and closing ceremonies of the Beijing Olympic Games.

    25. The purpose of the news report is to_______.

    A. claim that Zhang Yimou remarried and fathered a total of seven children

    B. inform us that Zhang’s illegal birth case will be dealt with by the government

    C. convince us that Zhang is a famous director and his case will be pardoned

    D. confirm that Zhang’s illegal birth case has resulted in lots of criticism online

    26. According to Yao Hongwen, which of the following statements is true?

    A. Every Chinese citizen should obey and safeguard laws and regulations.

    B. Few people have the privileges to give birth to more children than allowed.

    C. China’s family planning policy has never been relaxed since introduced.

    D. Zhang will be fined as much as 160 million yuan for his violations.

    27. Judging from the recent relaxed policy, a couple_______.

    A. can have as many as three children if they live in a rural area

    B. will definitely be fined if they have two children nowadays

    C. can give birth to two children if one of them is an only child

    D. can only give birth to two children if they live in an urban area

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:新闻报道类阅读