A. original B. continually C. restoration D. profits
AB. regard CD. serve AC. worthy
Shortly after her husband had been elected president, Jacqueline Kennedy was taken on a visit to the White House. She was amazed. Deeply attracted to the history of the presidency, she believed that as an American treasure the White House was 25 of care and impressive presentation.
The First Lady went to work to restore the public rooms to their 26 appearance, organizing the White House Fine Arts Committee（委员会）to carry out the work. She also set up the White House Historical Association（协会）, which published the first-ever White House guidebook. The committee used 27 from the sale of the book to locate historical treasures that were in collections throughout the country.
Mrs. Kennedy 28 stressed that her work was much more than redecorating. The effort was a work of “scholarship” she said. Returning Properties of presidents such as Washington, Lincoln, and Madison to the White House was one of the committee’s greatest successes.
However, Mrs. Kennedy did not stop at 29 . She made the White House a living center of the arts by welcoming leading artists, writers, and entertainers. The White House, she thought, should 30 not only as the seat of political power in the United States but also as one og the country’s chief cultural centers. The tradition she began 40 years ago continues to this day.
A: I heard that the pollution in this city is serious
A: What kind of pollution is it?
A: Why do you think the air pollution is so dirty?
B: Many birds can’t live here, they fly to the south.
A. in charge B. lost heart C. broke up D. longed to (do)
E. be willing to (do) F. stand for G. attach little importance to
66. The monitor will be ________ when their teacher is absent.
67. As a strict teacher, he will never ________ cheating in the exam and hopes everyone can be honest.
68. She felt frightened of the idea of marriage so we ________.
69. Those students who ________ their school work may regret a couple of years afterwards.
70. Daisy had always ________ help endangered species of wildlife.
A. so that B. in return for C. get tired of D. more than
E. turn to F. rather than G. take apart
61. I gave him some life necessities ________ his generous help.
62. He is ________ a friend to me. He is in a way my English teacher.
63. Bring it closer ________ I can see it better.
64. Why did Nelson Mandela ________ violence to make black and white people equal?
65. I ________ being a bookkeeper doing the same work day after day.
ａｂｏｖｅ ａｌｌ Ｓｏｒｔ ｏｕｔ Ｂｒｅａｋ ｕｐ ｆａｍｉｌｉａｒ ｗｉｔｈ Ｒｅｌｙ ｏｎ
1.Children need many things，but ________ they need love.
2. It's the last week before they ______, and they're doing all kinds of Christmas things.
3._____ you _______ the computer software they use?
4.You may ________ it that they will support you.
5. We must_________the good apples from the bad ones.
Unique New Year Traditions from Around the World
How do you celebrate New Year’s Day? If I had to take a guess, you probably celebrate it surrounded by family and friends, enjoying drinks of your choice and watching the ball drop with Dick Clark. 36 Listed below are four of the top ten “Unique New Year Traditions from Around the World”.
1. Breaking Dishes on a Neighbor’s Door
A strange Danish New Year tradition, depending on how you look at it, is throwing dishes at a neighbor’s door. 37 The family with the tallest pile of broken plates, glasses, cups and other crockery(陶器) is considered to be the luckier, because it symbolizes their large number of loyal friends.
2. Talking to Spirits
Talking to spirits is a part of Mexican beliefs. Mexicans strongly believe that they can communicate with the souls of their dead loved ones. 38 And this is not done at home on an individual basis, but is a legal Mexican practice. Taos Inn, in New Mexico, for example, offers 15 minutes’ session of spiritualism and meditation for ＄15.6. Not a bad price for some helpful guidance!
3．Wearing Polka Dots
Imagine streets full of people wearing polka dots and dining room tables full of round-shaped food and fruits on one single day of the year. 39 Philippines believe that this will bring them prosperity by associating the round dots to coins and wealth.
4. Burning Scarecrow Dummies(稻草人)
Ecuador has a unique custom of crafting scarecrows and then burning them at midnight. They adorn（装饰）them and fill the scarecrows with newspapers and pieces of wood. As midnight approaches, everyone gathers outside their home and each family burns their own scarecrows. 40 The scarecrows also scares away bad luck, which in turn, fills their new year with luck and happiness.
A. New Year’s Eve is considered the best time to communicate with dead spirits to convey a message or ask for guidance.
B. It is also believed in the Irish culture that this act will help them get rid of bad luck.
C. Have you ever imagined what New Year’s Day would look like in another country?
D. This all actually happens in the Philippines on New Year’s Eve every year.
E. Strangely, this makes them happy instead of annoying them.
F. We all want to start a new, fresh year with renewed enthusiasm and hope.
G. The tradition says that this destroys all the bad things that took place in the past months.
Food safety is a problem in all places around the world and people in different areas of the world prepare foods in different ways. The WHO announced simple rules for preparing food in a safe way. They call these rules the "Three Keys to Safer Food".
● Keep clean
33 . People should wash their hands often -- before touching food and while they are preparing food. People should wash all surfaces and equipment used for preparing food.
People should cook eggs and meat especially carefully. These foods may carry more micro-organisms (微生物)than other foods. Food like soup must be boiled for at least a minute to make it be cooked completely. It is also important that people re-heat cooked food completely.
●Keep food at safe temperatures
When people are finished with eating, they should keep the left food in a refrigerator below 5oC and shouldn't store it for too long. At room temperature, about 20oC, the number of micro-organisms can increase very quickly. But temperatures above 60oC or below 5oC control the growth of micro-organisms. 35 .
A. Eat healthily
B. Cook completely
C. This key tells about the importance of washing
D. They cannot grow quickly in extreme temperatures
●Does failure really exist?
If you believe you have failed, then you have．If you believe you don’t have the ability to succeed, then you don’t．__36__ The moment you decide to give up or stop working toward your goals, failure is born．
Most people give themselves an out without even realizing it．They are willing to work hard on reaching their goals, but only until the going gets too rough or their energy dies down． Don’t do that! __38__Never quit, never admit failure, and never lose heart.
●Don’t believe in a clear finish line for goals．
It’s a good idea to set a general timeline, but remember that something will be beyond your control．_39___If you lock yourself into a given timeline, you might make yourself feel like a failure! Instead, get a general idea of when you’d like your goal to be completed． Then take it one day at a time and focus on making progress instead of reaching the finish line in as little time as possible．
●Be sure that you don’t see difficulties as failures．
Difficulties mean only one thing: it’s not time for your goal to be completed yet．That’s it! It doesn’t mean you failed; it doesn’t mean you’re weak; it doesn’t mean you’ll never achieve your goals．_40_ You’ve got to keep moving forward and find a way over, around, or through the difficulties．
A． Never give up on yourself．
B． Failure only exists in your own mind!
C． That’s exactly how failure makes us feel．
D． It simply means you have not done enough yet．
E． You can never say exactly when your goal will be reached．
F． Instead, make up your mind to make your goal happen, no matter what!
G． Work hard towards your goal, and you will be likely to get good results.
A. focus B. struggle C. proposed D. revise E. create F. simplify G. resulted in H. connect I. instantly J. in search of
A. focus B. struggle C. proposed D. revise
E. create F. simplify G. resulted in H. connect
I. instantly J. in search of
76. When he was very ill, the priest __________ that he might like to make a will
77. “I think your dress awful,” I commented and __________ regretted it.
78. They have painted the wall red to __________ a feeling of warmth.
79. There was nothing to __________ him with the crime
80. She went into the kitchen __________ a drink.
81. The incident brought the problem of violence in schools into sharp __________.
82. The subject is very complex and hard to __________.
83. You must __________ your attitude to life, or you will achieve nothing.
84. Even the smallest animals __________ a little when they feel themselves trapped.
85. His laziness __________ his failure in the last examination.
A. through B. universal C. gratitude D. generosity E. anniversaries
F. responsive G. reaching H. add to I. overlooked J. embarrassment
In our life, we have rarely expressed our gratitude to the one who’d lived those years with us. In fact, we don’t have to wait for (41)_______ to thank the ones close to us—the ones so easily (42)_______. If I have learned anything about giving thanks, it is this: give it now！While your feeling of appreciation is alive and sincere, act on it. Saying thanks is such an easy way to (43)_______ the world’s happiness.
Saying thanks not only brightens someone else’s world, but it also brightens yours. If you’re feeling left out, unloved or unappreciated, try (44)_______ out to others. It may be just the medicine you need.
Of course, there are times when you can’t express (45)_______ immediately. In that case don’t let (46)_______ sink you into silence—speak up the first time you have the chance.
Once a young minister, Mark Brian, was sent to a remote parish(教区) of Kwakiutl Indians in British Columbia. He had been told that the Indians did not have a word for thank you. But Brian soon found that these people had exceptional (47)_______. Instead of saying thanks, it is their custom to return every favor with a favor of their own, and every kindness with an equal or superior kindness. They do their thanks.
I wonder if we had no words in our vocabulary for thank you, would we do a better job of communicating our gratitude? Would we be more (48)_______, more sensitive and more caring?
Thankfulness sets in motion a chain of reaction that transforms people all around us—including ourselves, for no one ever misunderstands the melody of a grateful heart. Its message is (49)_______; its lyrics transcend all earthly barriers; its music touches the heavens.
fall short of attach to feel at ease add value to in the open air show off
light up base on interfere with call for fall into put a high value on
1. Both countries agreed that normal relations would ______ non-interference in each other's internal affairs.
2. They are encouraged to write their personal opinions and ______ their creativity and literary skills.
3. To ________, try closing your eyes, then opening them slowly just before the photo is taken.
4. All the more technically advanced countries ________ science.
5. The problems freshmen are faced with after entering a high school generally_____ two categories.
6. Devices to monitor your heart rate and blood pressure will ________ your body.
7. Opportunities are not offered. They must be wrested and worked for. And this _____ perseverance and courage. -- ---- Gandhi
8. They were asked to quantify their pain intensity, as well as report how much the pain altered their mood, affected their work and ________ relationships and daily activities
9. As tech giant after tech giant lined up to report their earnings this month, most of them ________
investors’ and analysts’ expectations.
10. Hangzhou is famous for its beautiful scenery; drinking tea __________ is an agreeable enjoyment.
A. equal B. double C. subject D. deal E. remarkably
F. supposedly G. draw H. assume I. exploit J. arithmetic K. fox
When retailers want to tempt customers to buying a particular product, they typically offer it at a discount. According to a new study to be published in the Journal of Marketing, they are missing something.
A team of researchers, led by Akshay Rao of the University of Minnesota's Carlson School of Management looked at consumers' attitudes to discounting. Shoppers, they found, much prefer getting something extra free to getting something cheaper. The main reason is that most people are useless at __41__.
Consumers often struggle to realize, for example, that a 50% increase in quantity is the same as a 33% discount in price. They overwhelmingly __42__ the former is better value. In an experiment the researchers sold 73% more hand lotion when it was offered in a bonus pack than when it carried an equivalent discount.
This numerical blind spot remains even when the __43__ clearly favours the discounted product. In another experiment, this time on his undergraduates, Mr. Rao offered two options of loose coffee beans: 33% extra free or 33% off the price. The discount is by far the better proposition but the __44__ clever students viewed them as equivalent.
Studies have shown other ways in which retailers can __45__consumers' innumeracy. One is to confuse them with __46__ discounting. People are more likely to see a bargain in a product that has been reduced by 20%, and then by an additional 25%, than one which has been __47__ to an equivalent, one-off, 40% reduction.
Marketing types can __48__ lessons beyond just pricing, says Mr. Rao. When advertising a new car's efficiency, for example, it is more convincing to talk about the number of extra miles per gallon it does, rather than the equivalent percentage fall in fuel consumption.
There may be lessons for regulators, too. Even well-educated shoppers are easy to __49__. Sending everyone back to school for maths refresher-courses seems out of the question. But more __50__displayed unit prices in shops and advertisements would be a great help.
Li Hong 46 a boy. He is twelve years old. He 47 up at six every morning. He and his friend, Wang Tao are 48 in No 1 Middle School. He 49 playing basketball after school. But his friend, Wang Tao,
doesn’t like to 50 it. They often 51 to a movie on 52 . But they don’t like documentaryes. They 53 science is boring, they think English is very 54 . They 55 very well at school.
Girl1: Hey, Debbie, can you answer some questions for the survey, please?
Girl2: Er, not really.
Girl2: Well, about three or four ,I think.
Girl1: What are your favourite kinds of programmes?
Girl1: D o you like classical music?
Girl2: Er ,T-shirt and jeans.
Girl1: Thanks a lot.
A. What are your favorite clothes. B. How many hours a week do you watch?
C. Do you watch much TV. D. Do you wear mini-skirts?
E. I really like nature programmes. F. No, of course not, I can’t stand it.
G. What sort of music do you like?
A. positive B. contact C. stressing D. schedule E. potentially
F. nervous G. time H. especially I. parents J. offer
As the beautiful holiday ends, a new semester comes. Most children have a difficult ___37___ making the back-to-school transition. As with any new or ___38___unsettling situation -- like starting school for the first time or entering a new grade or new school -- allow children time to adjust. Remind them that everyone feels a little ___39___ about the first day of school.
Emphasize the ___40___ things about going back to school, such as hanging out with old friends, meeting new classmates, buying cool school supplies and getting involved in sports and other activities. It is also important to talk to children about what worries them and ___41___ comfort: are they afraid they won’t make new friends or get along well with their teachers? Is the thought of schoolwork ___42___ them? Are they worried about the bully from last year?
Consider adjusting your own ___43___ to make the transition smoother. If possible, it is especially beneficial for parents to be home at the end of the school day for the first week. But many working parents just don’t have the free time. Try to arrange your evenings instead so that you can give your children as much time as they need___44___ during those first few days. If your child is starting a new school, ___45____the school the first day to arrange a visit. And ask if your child can be paired up with another student, and if you can be connected with other new parents. This will help both of you with the adjustment to new people and surroundings.
A. Yunnan has a rich and diversified culture and many historical and natural sites.
B. There are two kinds of cultural heritage—one has economic potential, the other does not.
C. A major problem that cultural heritage sites and relics face today is profit-minded officials.
D. The damage that too much tourism brought to Yunnan has raised our awareness of protecting the cultural heritages.
E. Local governments in Yunnan and other provinces should learn from their mistakes if they want to build a better cultural future.
F. The central and local government should realize that cultural heritage means much more than booming tourism and profits.
Heritage(文化遗产) for the future
Culturally rich provinces have to strike the right balance between preserving sites and relics and making money.
China may have the second highest entry on the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage list, but it is still in the primary stages of protecting its cultural heritage sites and relics and faces many problems in preserving them.
Several months ago, I visited the Hani Terraces, a cultural heritage site also in Yunnan, and was shocked to see the sorry state of what should have been a wonderful culture. The local government pumped huge funds and resources into the site in a failed bid to win the world Cultural Heritage status in 2008. And that seems to have caused the maximum damage to culture and traditions mainly of the Hani and Yi ethnic groups, who are primarily responsible for the terraces.
61. ______________ Cultural heritage is the inner soul of a nation. The most important thing for the governments to do is to strike a healthy balance between protection and exploitation of the sites. This will help preserve culture and make life better for the people.
62. ______________ The first kind can be used to make profits, but only after strict protection measures are taken. Only if cultural heritage is well protected can it bring about long-term economic and social benefits. The second kind has to be preserved in various forms, such as texts, videos and audios. Since we have inherited thousands of texts and relics from our ancestors, it is our duty to pass them down to later generations.
63. ______________ Such officials’ only aim is to make money. They are not bothered about preserving cultural heritage. I once met one such official who asked me what the benefits of protecting cultural heritage were. Obviously, such views lack foresight.
Yunnan province is now planning to seek World Cultural Heritage tags for the Yunnan-Vietnam Railway, the Ancient Tea Route and some very old tea gardens. But before local governments apply to UNESCO they have to change their old practices and take proper decisions that will help preserve the heritage sites in the long run. Besides, they should be open to the views of the people and the media.
64. ______________ These sites and the relics they preserve can help achieve the development of the province and its people if handled properly.
65. ______________ They have to be doubly cautious not to repeat the mistakes that are now threatening the Old Town of Lijiang. A culture cannot be preserved without protecting the people who practice it.
The benefits of a world Cultural Heritage site have to be shared by the people to prevent it from getting ruined.
A. available B. measure C. technological D. invented E. exploiting
F. statistics G. overall H. developing I. definitely J. force K. standard
Technology is the application of knowledge to production. Thanks to modern technology, we have been able to increase greatly the efficiency of our work 41 . New machines and new methods have helped to cut down time and expense while increasing 42 output. This has meant more production and a higher standard of living. For most people in America, modern technology is thought of as the reason why we can have cars and television sets. However, technology has also increased the amount of food 43 to us, by means of modern farming machinery and animal breeding techniques, and has extended our life span through medical technology.
Will mankind continue to live longer and have a higher quality of life? In large 44 the answer depends on technology and our ability to use it widely. If we keep making progress as we have over the past fifty years, the answer is 45 yes. The advancement of technology depends upon research and development, and the latest 46 show that the United States is continuing to pump billions of dollars annually into such efforts. So while we are running out of some scarce resources we may well find 47 substitutes for many of them through our research programs.
Therefore, in the final analysis the three major factors of production (land, labor and capital) are all influenced by technology. When we need new techniques in medicine, people will start 48 new technology to meet those needs. As equipment proves to be slow or inefficient, new machines will be 49 . Technology responds to our needs in helping us maintain our 50 of living.
The ability to overcome obstacles is a highly regarded value in American culture. Many believe it shows that a person is strong and willing to work hard to achieve goals. Yet some people are shy about discussing personal 41 . In some cultures, it may even be seen as a sign of weakness to 42 difficulties.
One place where you may be asked to 43 a personal obstacle is on a college application essay. On one part of the application, students list the facts: academic grades, awards and 44 in sports, teams, clubs and organizations. In the essay section, students have an opportunity to present their 45 . This gives an admission committee a chance to know what makes students 46 what drives their passions, fires their intellect and makes them special and different from everyone else.
When students write their college essays, they usually have to respond to a 47 question in a personal way. Successful essays often tell about experiences, such as overcoming obstacles that have 48 the writers or made them grow in some important way. Applicants are encouraged to discuss the topic 49 in their own style. This could include using stories, dialogues, humor or image.
A new report by the World Health Organization (WHO) reveals that around one in a hundred deaths worldwide is due to passive smoking, which kills an estimated 600,000 people a year.
In the first study to assess the global __41__ of second-hand smoke, WHO experts find that children are more __42__ exposed to second-hand smoke than any other age-group, and around 165,000 of them a year die because of it.
Children’s exposure to second-hand smoke is most likely to happen at home, and the double blow of infectious diseases and tobacco seems to be a deadly __43__ for children in these regions. Commenting on the findings, Heather Wipfli and Jonathan Samet from the University of Southern California, said policymakers try to __44__ families to stop smoking in the home.
While deaths due to passive smoking in children were skewed(曲解) toward poor and middle-income countries, deaths in adults were __45__ across countries at all income levels.
In Europe’s high-income countries, only 71 child deaths occurred, while 35,388 deaths were in adults. Yet in the countries like Africa, an estimated 43,375 deaths due to passive smoking were in children __46__ with 9,514 in adults.
Only 7.4 percent of the world population currently lives in places with __47__ smoke-free laws, and those laws are not always __48__ enforced(施行). In places where smoke-free rules are __49__, research shows that exposure to second-hand smoke in high-risk places like bars and restaurants can be cut by 90 percent, and in general by 60 percent, the researchers said.
Studies also show such laws help to reduce the number of cigarettes smoked by smokers and lead to higher __50__ rates in those trying to quit.
Mary: Hello． This is Mary． _21.
Mike: Oh, Mary． This is Amy． _22.I' ve got hold of you at last．
Mary: Nice to hear from you again after all these years'． What have you been doing?
Mike: Well, I've tried many things since school． I'm now working for a food processing company in charge of sales． So I travel a lot．
Mary : 23.You must really enjoy it．
Mike: Oh, I do． Yeah, it's interesting, but it's quite tiring． 24.
Mary : I work in a law firm, practicing in business law．
Mary: Yeah, but I like my job．