Taking good notes is a time-saving skill that will help you to become a better student in several ways 36 Second, your notes are excellent materials to refer to when you are studying for a test. Third, note-taking offers variety to your study time and helps you to hold your interest.
You will want to take notes during classroom discussions and while reading a textbook or doing research for a report. 37 Whenever or however you take notes, keep in mind that note-taking is a selective process . 38
The following methods may work best for you.
●Read the text quickly to find the main facts and ideas in it.
●Carefully read the text and watch for words that can show main points and supporting facts.
● Write your notes in your own words.
● Note any questions or ideas you may have about what was said or written.
As you take notes, you may want to use your own shorthand(速记). When you do, be sure that you understand your symbols(符号) and that you use them all the time. 40
A. Use words, not complete sentences.
B. There are three practical note-taking methods.
C. You must write your notes on separate paper.
D. Otherwise, you may not be able to read your notes later.
E. You will also want to develop your own method for taking notes.
F. That means you must first decide what is important enough to include in your notes.
G. First, the simple act of writing something down makes it easier for you to understand and remember it.
Everyone has memories, but not all of the memories are sweet. Violence and traffic accidents can leave people with terrible physical and emotional scars. Often they relive (再体验) these experiences in frightening dreams.
Now American researchers think they are close to developing a pill, which will help people forget bad memories. The pill is designed to be taken immediately after a frightening experience. 36
In November, experts tested a drug on people in the US and France. 37 Thus, the emotional effects of memories may be reduced.
38 Some think it is a bad idea, while others support it.
Supporters say it could lead to pills that prevent or treat soldiers’ troubling memories after war. They say there are many people who suffer from terrible memories. “ 39 They come back to you helplessly, and you don’t want to leave them in a frightening dream. They usually come with very painful emotions,” said Roger Pitman, a professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School, “and this could relieve a lot of that suffering.”
But those who are against the research say that changing memories is very dangerous because memories can give us our identity. 40
A. But they are significant to all of us.
B. Sometimes memories can ruin people’s lives.
C. However, the research has caused a great deal of argument.
D. Besides, memories sometimes help us all avoid the mistakes of the past.
E. Some people spend all their lives trying to bring back those sweet memories.
F. They hope it might reduce, or possibly wipe out, the effect of painful memories.
G. The result showed that the drug stopped the body releasing chemicals that fixing memories in the brain.
Of the many unpleasant emotions we can experience, fear may top the list. 55． . Fear can also keep us from pursuing the things in life that really matter -- like following our dreams, and developing important relationships. I have some ideas, though, of how to be free from fear.
I used to be very afraid of speaking in front of people. I would get sweaty palms and my stomach would be so tied up that I wouldn't be able to eat. However, each time I spoke, I noticed afterwards that it wasn't that bad. Things I fear are never as bad in reality as I make them out in my mind. 56． .
The first and most important step to being fearless is to create some space between ourselves and the emotion of fear. This isn't accomplished by ignoring the fear, or trying to talk ourselves out of it. 57． . In fact, a recent research shows that by simply admitting the emotion we actually begin to reverse the "fight or flight(逃避)" response in the body.
Control the breath and feel the fear.
Once we acknowledge the presence of fear, the second step is to control the breathing so that it becomes slower and gentler. We try to make the breath just a little bit longer, and feel how fear manifests(展现) in the body. 58． .
With practice, we can create enough space between us and the emotion of fear so that we're able to replace a fearful thought with a positive one. 59． . For instance, before I get up to speak in front of a group of people, I imagine that the audience is positively impressed by what I say and that I manage to complete the speech successfully.
A. Space is created only when we can honestly acknowledge that fear exists.
B. We can imagine a positive outcome for whatever we're about to do.
C. Fear, if left uncontrolled, can even destroy our life.
D. So one way to get rid of fear is to simply push ourselves to do things that we fear.
E. When we can see a positive outcome in our mind, fear no longer holds us back.
F. But fear is more than just physically unpleasant.
G. As we pay attention to the physical symptoms of fear, we can see fear objectively.
Have you ever seen an animal being mistreated (虐待)? Seeing a pet or wild animal get hurt might make you sad, angry, or afraid. 31 In fact, the good news is that everyone — including you — can be a helping hand for animals.
Keep your eyes and ears open.
32 Watch for changes in the way they look or act. Look out for animals who:
﹡ have cuts or other bruises（伤痕）
﹡ avoid or attack people when people come close
﹡ are too thin
﹡ are missing fur
﹡ are almost always left outside
These signs don’t necessarily mean a pet has been hurt on purpose, but they shouldn’t be ignored. If you see any of these signs, set them down. 33 What did you see or hear? Where? When? Were other people around?
Never move an injured animal! Ask a parent, teacher, or other adult you trust for help. Find out whether the injured animal in your town can be saved by animal shelters or police. Keep their phone numbers at hand. If the person mistreating animals is a friend or family member, tell an adult you trust.
Let other kids know what to do if they see an animal being hurt. Using the information above, make posters to hang or flyers (传单) to hand out at school. Include the phone numbers of the police department or animal shelters who can save the injured animals. 35 They need us to speak up for them!
A. Report it.
B. Send it to animal shelters.
C. Animals are friends of human beings.
D. Get to know pets in your neighborhood.
E. You might think there’s nothing you can do.
F. Remember, animals can’t speak for themselves.
G. Or if you see someone hurting an animal, write down the details.
_ _21___ .Being angry doesn’t really solve much, but what people do when they feel angry is important. The goal is to calm down and try to solve what is bothering you. This is hard for some kids and adults, too. Instead of calming down, some kids might keep getting more and more upset until they explode like a volcano!
__ 22___ .Their anger might be so strong that they lose control of their temper. They may act in ways unacceptable and hurtful. People may say that someone has trouble controlling their temper._ 23___
Some kids might get so angry that they scream at their parents, break something , or even worse , hit their brothers or sisters._ 24___ .However, it’s not OK for a kid to do any of those things .Kids don’t want to act in this way , but sometimes angry feelings can be hard to manage. So what to do?
Well, the good news is that kids don’t just have to keep making the same mistakes over and over again.__ 25___ .Imagine your temper as a puppy inside you that needs some training. The puppy is not bad ---- it will probably turn out a great dog. It just needs to learn some rules because, right now, that puppy is causing some problems to you.
A. In fact, they usually mean that a kid behaves badly when feeling angry.
B. You don’t want to cause trouble.
C. Kids should be allowed to express their feelings, even angry ones.
D. Some kids get angry more often or more easily than some other kids.
E. You can train you temper.
F. Instead of thinking of the person you’re angry with, think of something else.
G. Everybody gets angry sometimes.
What is a dream?
For centuries, people have wondered about the strange places that they seem to visit in their sleep. 36 .
However, they have been valued as necessary to a person’s health and happiness.
Historically people thought dreams contained messages from God. It was only in the twentieth century that people started to study dreams scientifically believing that they tell about a person’s character. 37 He believed that dreams allow a person to express fantasies or fears, which would be socially unacceptable in real life.
The second theory to become popular was Carl Jung's compensation theory. Jung, a former student of Freud, said that the purpose of a dream is not to hide something, but rather to communicate it to the dreamer.
__38__ Thus, people who think too highly of themselves may dream about falling; those who think too little of themselves dream of being heroes.
Using more recent research, William Domhoff from the University of California found that dreaming is a mental skill that needs time to develop in humans. 39 Until they reach age five, they can not express very well what their dreams are about. Once people become adults, there is little or no change in their dreams. The dreams of men and women differ. For instance, the characters that appear in the dreams of men are often other men, and often involve physical aggression.
The meaning of dreams continues to be difficult to understand. 40 If you dream that a loved one is going to die, do not panic. The dream may have meaning, but it does not mean that your loved one is going to die.
A．Dreams make up for what is lacking in waking life.
B．However, people should not take their dreams as reality.
C．They have been considered as meaningless nighttime journeys.
D．It gives scientists chances to better understand human mind.
E．Children do not dream as much as adults.
F．They think their mind is trying to tell them something.
G．First, there was Sigmund Freud’s theory.
Parents should help their children understand money. 36 So you may start talking about money when your child shows an interest in buying things, candy or toys, for example.
1. The basic function of money
Being explaining the basic function of money by showing how people trade money for goods or services. It is important to show your child how money is traded for the thing he wants to have. If he wants to have a toy, give him the money and let him hand the money to the cashier(收银员). 37 When your child grows a bit older and understands the basic function of money, you can start explaining more complex ways of using money.
2. Money lessons
Approach money lessons with openness and honesty. 38 If you must say no to a child’s request to spend money, explain,” You have enough toy trucks for now. ” Or, if the request is for many different things, say, “You have to make a choice between this toy and that toy. ”
Begin at the grocery store. Pick out similar brands of a product—a name-brand butter and a generic(无商标产品), for example. You can show your child how to make choices between different brands of a product so that you can save money. 40 If he chooses the cheaper brand, allow him to make another purchase with the money saved. Later, you may explain how the more expensive choice leaves less money for other purchases.
A. The value of money.
B. Wise decision.
C. Tell your child why he can — or cannot — have certain things.
D. Permit the child to choose between them
E. The best time to teach a child anything about money is when he shows an interest.
F. Ask yourself what things that cost money are most important to you.
G. Talk about how the money bought the thing after you leave the toy store.
How to Win a Debate Competition
Debating doesn’t mean that you can end up arguing with your opponents(对手). 16 The following tips on how to win a debate will further help you out.
This is very important. If you already know the debate topic that you are going to debate on, learn as much about it as you can. Research on it and then form opinions about it. Only if you know something in and out, will you be able to talk convincingly on it.
2. Be confident.
When you are putting your point in front of your opponents as well as the audience, be sure of yourself. Along with the words, your body language, voice modulation (语调) and eye contact, will play a major part in your success in debating. 18
3. Give real life examples.
While debating, make use of very simple language, which your audience can understand very easily. Give as many real examples as you can when making a point. 19 Thus, the judges and audience will find you much more convincing.
4. Be descriptive.
To win any debate, there is something about the human mind that you should be aware of. The thing with us humans is that if we see something, we believe and remember it much more than something we merely hear! 20 Tell you point of view in such a way that they can actually “see” what you are saying. If you are somehow able to pull this off, there is no doubt that you will be the winner of the debate competition!
Follow the tips mentioned above, and with time, you will see yourself winning over your judges and audience.
A. Be well prepared.
B. Promote dialogue instead of arguing with your opponents.
C. Try to paint a picture in the mind of your judges and audience.
D. So participate in as many debating contests as you can.
E. To prove your point, tell something you or someone else has personally experienced.
F. So practice with friends or in front of the mirror so that you are certain of your ability.
G. Your main purpose is to convince your audience what you are saying is right.
Five Tips for Preparing Your Presentation
For presentations in English, the best time to present ideas is at the beginning. 36 When we write our ideas down without such a plan, they are not clear and our presentation will not be well organized.
Preparing the story message helps speakers give a successful presentation. Hereare five tips for academic presentations, such as those given at professional conferences.
1. Understand the difference between a title and a topic. A topic is general, while a title is more specific. 37
Title is simply what you call your presentation.Make sure the title can summarize your subject accurately.
2. Provide an image for those who are not experts in your subject. Explain how your research relates to other fields
3. Work on transitions as you go from image to image. 38 Because transitions serve as bridges to each
new image. Additionally, transitional words and phrases can create powerful links between ideas in your presentation and can help your audience understand the logic of your presentation.
4. 39 What questions might they have about each image? Prepare an extra image that would help explain
the most difficult question you expect.
5.Rehearse your presentation with a timing device. At most conferences, there is a time limit. 40 Cut your presentation to fit the time you are permitted. And you can rehearse in front of a mirror a couple of times, and then recruit a few friends or family members to serve as a practice audience for your presentation.
Learning a new culture for presentation is really really tough for many people, as it is with all language learning.
Presentation, or course, is a part of language learning. There’s culture in everything we do in English, as well as in
presentation.” Therefore, using these tips for improving your presentations in English should help make the process
A. These should make the connections between your ideas clear.
B. It is disrespectful to take more than your share of the time.
C. English is the language of many international conferences.
D. Speakers should make a plan to present their ideas.
E. Prepare a speech without thinking of the main idea.
F. Topic is the subject matter concerning “what it is about”.
G. Look at each image from the audience’s point of view.
Doctors say anger can be an extremely damaging emotion, unless you learn how to deal with it. They warn that anger can lead to heart disease, stomach problems, headaches, emotional problems and possibly cancer.
____36____Some people express anger openly in a calm reasonable way. Others burst with anger, and scream and yell. But other people keep their anger inside. They can not or will not express it. This is called repressing anger.
For years many doctors thought that repressing anger was more dangerous to a person’s health than expressing it. They said that when a person is angry, the brain releases the same hormones (荷尔蒙). They speed the heart rate, raise blood pressure, or sugar into the blood, etc. ___37___
Some doctors say that both repressing and expressing anger can be dangerous. They believe that those who express anger violently may be more likely to develop heart disease, and they believe that those who keep anger inside may face a greater danger of high blood pressure.
___38__ They say the first step is to admit that you are angry and to recognize the real cause of the anger, then decide if the cause is serious enough to get angry about. If it is, they say, “___39___ Wait until your anger has cooled down and you are able to express yourself calmly and reasonably.”
Doctors say that a good way to deal with anger is to find humor in the situation that has made you angry. ___40__
A. In general the person feels excited and ready to act.
B. They said that laughter is much healthier than anger.
C. Expressing anger violently is more harmful than repressing it.
D. Anger may cause you a cancer.
E. Do not express your anger while angry.
F. Anger is a normal emotion that we all feel from time to time.
G. Doctors say the solution is learning how to deal with anger
How to Enjoy Your Family
Everyone has at least a little family drama, and you should still love your family no matter how many challenges are brought upon you. If you really trust your family, you should know they will always be there for you. 36 .
Look back on the previous moments that you have had with your family. If you can think of no good memories with your family, 37 . Your friends are a big part of your life, and even though they aren’t related to you, that doesn’t mean you can’t call them your family.
38 . Make sure they know how you feel. Tell them that there have been things bothering you for a while, and you just want them to understand. If you tell them how you feel, then maybe they will give you more respect.
If you are a teenager, remember that they are the ones that provide you a home and food. If they weren’t there, then neither would you. Just be grateful. 39 .
Spend more time with your family. Have a "family game night". Go to see a movie, go out to dinner, go on vacation and so on. 40 !
If your family is just boring in general, and you are having a tough time enjoying their personalities, then expose your family to fun.
A. Here are the steps that will help you to learn about your family
B. There are people in the world living without any home or family
C. There are a large number of fun things you can do with your family
D. remember you still have your friends
E. Talk to your family
F. You should be thankful and enjoy what you have
G. try to start a blog or website of your own
Both men and women are living longer these days in industrialized countries. 36 In general, they can expect to live six or seven years more than men. One reason for this is biological.
One important biological factor that helps women live longer is the difference in hormones between men and women. 37 Between the ages of about 12 and 50, women produce hormones that are involved in fertility(生育能力). These hormones also have a positive effect on the heart and blood flow. In fact, women are less likely to have high blood pressure or to die from heart attacks.
38 They help the body defend itself against some kinds of infections. This means that women generally ger sick less often and less seriously than men. The common cold is a good example: women, on average, get fewer colds than men.
39 Scientists are still not exactly sure how influence aging, but they believe that they do. Some think that a woman’s body cells have a tendency(向) to age more slowly than a man’s. Others think that a man’s body cells have a tendency to age more quickly. 40
A．However, women, on average, live longer.
B .The biological factor plays an important part.
C. Women are also helped by their female genes.
D. The female hormones also protect the body in another way.
E. Recent research seems to support both of these possibilities.
F. Therefore, women are more healthy than men and can live a better life.
G. Hormones are chemicals which are produced by the body to control various body functions.
Making the most of living abroad
Moving abroad can be a challenging experience. You enter a new culture where the customs and sometimes the language are different 36 It’s a time to discover new things, make new friends and begin a new adventure.
I now work as a language assistant in Lyon, France. To feel at home in France I involve myself in the culture as much as possible. 37 As you know, it isn't hard to find other English speakers and make friends with people that have the same or similar cultural customs to me. So what are the best ways to make yourself part of the new culture while living abroad?
Live with a native (本地的) speaker
38 Firstly, you have a friend！ I've also had the chance to meet my house mate's
friends and communicate with them. Secondly, you can speak the local language every day. And thirdly, you have someone to tell you about the cultural customs and interesting places in the area.
Volunteering is a great way to meet people of different ages in your local area.
39 This is a great experience and speaking with homeless people about their life stories is improving my French vocabulary and understanding.
Try the local food
The food in France is amazing and discovering new food is a fun experience. 40
My knowledge of the different bread and cheese types has grown greatly.
A. But this is challenging.
B. But it's also exciting.
C. There is no way living in that style.
D. I've tried food that I’ve never tried before
E. I find it easy to become part of a new culture.
F. There are many benefits to live with a native speaker.
G. I now volunteer with homeless people through my local church.
A good night’s sleep is important to every one of us. As we know, sleep has a lot of benefits.
*____36____Heart attacks and strokes are more common during the early morning hours. This fact may be explained by the way sleep interacts with the blood vessels(血管). Lack of sleep has been associated with worsening of blood pressure. Your heart will be healthier if you get between 7 and 9 hours of sleep each night.
*Sleep can reduce stress ____37____ The body’s functions are put on high alert which causes an increase in blood pressure and a production of stress hormones(荷尔蒙). Higher blood pressure increases your risk for heart attacks and strokes. The stress hormones also, unfortunately, make it harder for you to sleep.
*____38____ A good night’s sleep makes you feel energized and alert the next day. Being engaged and active not only feels great, it increases your chances for another good night’s sleep. When you wake up feeling refreshed, use that energy to get out into the daylight, do active things, and be engaged in your world. You’ll sleep better the next night and increase your daily energy level.
* Sleep may help you lose weight. Researchers have also found that people who sleep less than seven hours per night are more likely to be overweight or obese.____39____ So if you are interested in controlling or losing weight, don’t forget to pay attention to getting a good night’s sleep.
*Sleep helps the body make repairs. Sleep is a time for your body to repair damage caused by stress, rays and other harmful exposures. ____40____ These protein molecules(分子) form the building blocks for cells, allowing them to repair damage.
A. Sleep makes you more alert.
B. Sleep improves your memory.
C. Sleep keeps your heart healthy.
D. Your cells produce more protein while you are sleeping
E. When your body lacks sleep, it goes into a state of stress.
F. As we know, the body can do repair work itself before the damage becomes worse.
G. It is thought that the lack of sleep impacts the balance of hormones in the body that affect appetite.
Which today’s technology and social networking sites, it is easy to find international friends and develop these relationships even if you have never met in person. 36 Travel opportunities for fun, work and tasks are another way to meet friends from other countries. You can also sign up on a pen pal website to be connected with an international pen pal and develop a friendship through letters.
___37 On your profile page, write in your biography that you are looking for international friends 38 Start tweeting(推文)and follow people in other countries who have the same interests as you. You can find other people on Twitter at Twellow, a Twitter directory. Replay to tweets and develop international relationships through Twitter.
Find a travel agent in your area and ask if there are any international tours you can go on. Many tours where groups of people travel together for 10 days t0 2 weeks create lifelong friendships. 39 This is a great way to meet a variety of people from your own country and abroad who enjoy traveling!
Join an online pen pal site such as Penpal. net. 40 Find a pen pal on the site and start writing. Follow the directions on the site to connect with your pen pal. Most of today’s pen pal exchanges are conducted through email instead of letters.
A. Besides this, there are some other ways.
B. You can send messages to people you find.
C. Sign up for a free Twitter or Facebook account
D. You should mention a couple of other facts that show your interests
E. Enjoy spare time when you are studying in a foreign country
F. People on these tours visit tourist spots together and stay at the same hotel
G. It is free to join and takes a few minutes and an email address to get an account.
Beauty sleep doesn’t just belong to the fairytale world. Research has shown that people who don’t sleep enough are viewed as less healthy and less attractive. Lack of sleep has also been linked to the exacerbation(加重)of certain skin illnesses. 36 . Here are three tips on how to get the most beauty benefits from a night of rest.
1. Care for your skin
No matter how tired you feel, make time to care for your skin every evening. Your evening routine does not have to be long and complicated, just effective:
●Clean. 37 . Sleeping with makeup on has shown to cause skin inflammation (炎症)and accelerate the aging process.
●Treat. Blood flow increases at night, making skincare products sink into the skin more efficiently. 38 .
2. Sleep on your back
___39 . The American Academy of Dermatology has warned that sleeping in other positions can lead to sleep lines, while sleeping on your back can help to prevent lines. If you often wake up with swollen eyes, try to sleep with your head slightly raised. This can help to prevent the swelling caused by fluid retention(积液)in the under-eye area, which tends to accumulate there, where the skin is thinner.
Sleeping on a silk pillow can effectively prevent the stubborn facial wrinkles caused by sleeping on the side or on your stomach. Additionally, silk is less-absorbing than cotton, so it is not going to absorb whatever skincare product you have applied to your face as much as other material would.
A. Choose silk.
B. Go to sleep on time
C. Use a mild product to remove makeup, dirt and oil
D. Use your anti-aging products as overnight treatment.
E. Unless you have medical reasons not to do it, try this position
F. This new technology promotes skin’s self-repairing process
G. Therefore, we undoubtedly have to make healthy sleep a rule
The benefits of walking to school
Encouraging your child to walk to school has many benefits. 36
The rates of childhood obesity and illnesses such as type II Diabetes (糖尿病) can be prevented by a healthy dose of walking. 37 On average around half of all children do not do the minimum one hour a day of physical activity advised by the Health Education Authority. A quick walk to school can help them get their daily exercise and arrive at school or home, refreshed and energized.
38 There was very strong evidence that walking to school improves children’s social development. This related to social contacts, independence and road sense. The walkers reported a happy social experience. It is believed that getting a lift to school each day can lead to a child becoming lethargic (无生气的).
According to research, the average drive to school and back releases 800g of CO2 into the air. 39 If walking to school once a week can save 20 per cent of CO2 gas produced by driving every day, how much CO2 can be saved a year!
Last but not least, encouraging your child to walk to school will save you money. 40
Since walking to school has so many health, social, environmental and economical benefits, why not let your child walk from now on?
A. It is enough to blow over 60 balloons.
B. The following are some of them in different aspects.
C. Walking can have a positive effect on a child’s emotional health.
D. You will spend less money on transport fares or petrol of course.
E. Furthermore, 50 per cent of children still don’t regularly walk to school.
F. In fact, walking helps protect the body from many serious illnesses later on in life.
G. Parents, children and teachers are asked to think about the benefits of walking to school.
The Human Camera
There is not anybody else quite like Stephen Wiltshire. Born in 1974, Stephen was always different. 36 In fact, he talked to nobody, showed no interest in school subjects and wasn’t able to sit still. Stephen was later told that he had autism(自闭症). He didn’t learn fully to talk until he was nine years old and he didn’t manage to pass his exams. 37 Art became his way to communicate.
He started by drawing funny pictures of his teachers, but soon began to draw buildings. His eye for detail was perfect. He could see a building just once and remember everything about it. 38 Hours later, in front of TV cameras, he managed to draw this building, with the time on the station clock saying 11:20, the exact time when he was there. The television programme made him famous overnight in the UK.
39 He has become a well-known artist, published four books of his drawings, taken helicopter(直升机) rides above the world’s great cities and drawn amazing pictures of them, and opened his own art gallery, where he now works, in London.
His drawings are correct and true in every detail--he always manages to draw everything in the right place. 40 In 2006, he was given an MBE(Member of the Order British Empire) by the Queen of England for services to art.
A. Floating Cities was his third book.
B. As a child, he couldn’t make friends.
C. Besides, they are also beautiful to look at.
D. Luckily he found one thing he liked doing: drawing.
E. After that, many great things have happened to Stephen.
F. In 1987, he saw a train station in London called St Pancras.
G. On 15 February 2008, ABC News named him Person of the Week.
Until relatively recently, the vast majority of human beings lived and died without ever seeing a city. The first city was probably founded no more than 5,500 years ago. 31 In fact, nearly everyone lived on farms or in tiny rural villages. It was not until the 20th century that Great Britain became the first urban society in history—a society in which the majority of people live in cities and do not farm for a living.
Britain was only the beginning. 32 The process of urbanization—the migration (迁徙）of people from the countryside to the city—was the result of modernization, which has rapidly transformed how people live and where they live.
In 1990, fewer than 40% of Americans lived in urban areas. Today, over 82% of Americans live in cities. Only about 2% live on farms. 33
Large cities were impossible until agriculture became industrialized. Even in advanced agricultural societies, it took about ninety-five people on farms to feed five people in cities. 34 Until modem times, those living in cities were mainly the ruling elite (精英) and the servants, laborers and professionals who served them. Cities survived by taxing fanners and were limited in size by the amount of surplus food that the rural population produced and by the ability to move this surplus from farm to city.
Over the past two centuries, the Industrial Revolution has broken this balance between the city and the country. 35 Today, instead of needing ninety-five farmers to feed five city people, one American farmer is able to feed more than a hundred non-farmers.
A. That kept cities very small.
B. The rest live in small towns.
C. The effects of urban living on people should be considered.
D. Soon many other industrial nations became urban societies.
E. But even 200 years ago, only a few people could live in cities.
F. Modernization drew people to the cities and made farmers more productive.
G. Modem cities have destroyed social relations and the health of human beings.
In my thirty years as a Time Management speaker, I have observed a lot of what we can and should not do to increase our daily results. 36. ____________________ In fact, a lot of our Time Management has to do more with what we are not doing rather than what we are doing. Sometimes our mistakes will keep us from running at a full pace.
37. ____________________ We all should avoid them to help us increase our daily success, in less time and with less stress.
1. Start your day without a plan of action. Without a plan, you will have worked hard but may not have done enough of right things. Time Management is not doing the wrong things quicker. 38. ____________________ Time Management is doing the right things.
2. Work with a messy desk or work area. Studies have shown that the person who works with a messy desk spends, on average, one and a half hours per day looking for things. 39. ____________________ If you have ever visited the office of a top manager, you will find that person is working with a clean desk environment.
3. Don’t take a lunch break. Many do not take a lunch break, working through that time period in the hope that it will give them more time to produce results. Studies have shown it may work just the opposite. 40. ____________________ So a lunch break, even a short fifteen-minute break, gives us a chance to get our batteries all charged up again.
A. Here are some Time Management mistakes we often make
B. In fact, after doing what we do for several hours, we start to feel tired and bored out.
C. Time management is not necessarily working harder, but rather smarter.
D. That’s seven and a half hours per week.
E. However, many people don’t think so.
F. They feel happy that they have finished so much work.
G. That just gets us nowhere faster.