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2022-2023学年度高中英语必修(一册)第二单元练习题含解析
2022-2023学年度高中英语必修(一册)第二单元练习题含解析
高中
整体难度:中等
2022-11-30
题号
评分
一、其他填空 (共8题)
添加该题型下试题
1.

从方框中选择短语并用其适当的形式填空。

apply for take notes sign up for focus on be suitable for

1 You’d better ________ in class so that I can borrow your notebook.

2 Before you________ the advanced literature, you’d better ask the adviser for advice.

3 The course ________ both  beginners and advanced students.

4 Many graduates________ the position because it can give them a lot of chances to succeed.

5 We should learn to ________ the new day ,not the past.

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【答案】

take notes    2 sign up for    3 is suitable for    4 apply for    5 focus on

【解析】 1 .考查动词短语词义辨析和固定搭配。句意:你最好在课堂上记笔记,这样我就可以借你的笔记本了。根据句中的 “in class” “notebook” 可知, take notes 意为:记笔记,符合句意; had better do sth 为固定搭配,意为:最好做某事,所以用动词原形。故填 take notes

2 .考查动词短语词义辨析、时态和主谓一致。句意:在你报名参加高等文学课程之前,最好向导师征求意见。 sign up for 意为:报名参加、选课,符合句意; before 引导时间状语从句,从句用一般现在时表示将要发生的事情;主语为 “you” ,应用动词原形。故填 sign up for

3 .考查动词短语词义辨析、时态和主谓一致。句意:这门课程既适合初级学生,也适合高级学生。 be suitable for 意为:适合,符合句意;本句说明客观事实,应用一般现在时;主语为 “The course” ,谓语动词应用第三人称单数形式 is 。故填 is suitable for

4 .考查动词短语词义辨析、时态和主谓一致。句意:许多毕业生申请这个职位,因为它可以给他们很多成功的机会。 apply for 意为:申请,符合句意;根据句中 “can” 及句意,本句说明目前存在的情况,应用一般现在时;主语是 “Many graduates” ,复数形式,应用动词原形。故填 apply for

5 .考查动词短语词义辨析和动词不定式。句意:我们应该学会关注新的一天,而不是过去。 focus on 意为:关注,符合句意;固定搭配 learn to do sth 意为:学会做某事, to do 为动词不定式;根据设空处前 “to” 可知,此处应用动词原形。故填 forcus on

2.

选词填空

look forward to; make an impression; sign up for; make up;

other than; apply for; prefer... to...; set up;

different walks of life; have a major impact on; be admitted to; concentrate on ... ;

6 We can see a world in a grain of sand and a heaven in a wild flower. Do not neglect the tiny matter that ___________________ everything in the world.

7 The Halloween, which falls on 30 November, is always eagerly __________________ by kids in western countries.

8 ___________________ on the interviewer is very important so I suggest that you make full preparations before the interview.

9 Actually, I have no plans for my weekend __________________ listening to my favorite songs.

10 Our course was a success last year. This year over 5,00 students __________________ this course up till now.

11 The school English Club is recruiting volunteers. Would you be interested in ________________ this position?

12 The whole project of the China National Archives of Publications and Culture will ___________________ the inheritance of the vast quantity of Chinese texts created since writing began in China.

13 That didn’t mean he was a person difficult to communicate. He plainly ___________silence ____________ speech.

14 Guests from ___________________ will join the show to share their ideas about universe, human beings and nature with their knowledge of science, humanity, culture and entertainment.

15 Wu Mingzhu, the unsung hero who has helped make this possible, ___________________ Southwest Agricultural College in Chongqing in the late 1940s.

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【答案】

makes up    7 looked forward to    8 Making an impression    9 other than    10 have signed up for    11 applying for    12 have a major impact on    13 preferred     to    14 different walks of life    15 was admitted to

【解析】 6 .考查固定短语和时态。句意:从一粒沙子看到一个世界,从一朵野花看到一个天堂。不要忽视构成世界上一切的微小物质。根据后文 “everything in the world” 以及句意 构成 可知短语为 make up ,陈述客观事实应用一般现在时,定语从句谓语与先行词 matter 保持一致,用第三人称单数形式。故填 makes up

7 .考查固定短语和语态。句意: 11 30 日的万圣节是西方国家孩子们最热切盼望的节日。根据上文 “The Halloween, which falls on 30 November, is always eagerly” 以及句意 盼望 可知短语为 look forward to ,与主语构成被动关系,结合 is 可知为一般现在时的被动语态。故填 looked forward to

8 .考查固定短语。句意:给面试官留下印象很重要,所以我建议你在面试前做好充分的准备。根据后文 “on the interviewer is very important” 以及句意 留下印象 可知短语为 make an impression ,作主语应用动名词形式。句首单词首字母要大写。故填 Making an impression

9 .考查固定短语。句意:事实上,除了听我最喜欢的歌,我周末没有别的计划。根据上文 “I have no plans for my weekend” 以及句意 除了 …… 没有 可知短语为 other than ,故填 other than

10 .考查固定短语和时态。句意:我们的课程去年取得了成功。今年超过 500 名学生已经报名参加这门课程。根据后文 “for this course” 以及句意 报名参加 可知短语为 sign up for ,结合 up till now 可知为现在完成时。故填 have signed up for

11 .考查固定短语和非谓语动词。句意:学校英语俱乐部正在招募志愿者。你有兴趣申请这个职位吗?根据后文 “this position” 以及句意 申请 可知短语为 apply for ,作介词的宾语,应用动名词形式。故填 applying for

12 .考查固定短语和时态。句意:中国出版文化档案馆的整个项目将对中国文字诞生以来创作的大量中文文本的传承产生重大影响。根据后文 “the inheritance of the vast quantity of Chinese texts created since writing began in China” 以及句意 产生重大影响 可知短语为 have a major impact on ,结合 will 可知为一般将来时。故填 have a major impact on

13 .考查固定短语和时态。句意:这并不意味着他是一个难以沟通的人。他显然喜欢沉默而不喜欢说话。根据句意 更喜欢 ……” 可知短语为 prefer…to… ,根据 didn’t 可知为一般过去时。故填 ①preferred ②to

14 .考查固定短语。句意:来自各行各业的嘉宾将加入节目,分享他们对宇宙、人类和自然的看法,以及他们在科学、人文、文化和娱乐方面的知识。根据后文 “will join the show to share their ideas about universe, human beings and nature with their knowledge of science, humanity, culture and entertainment” 以及句意 各行各业的 可知短语为 different walks of life ,故填 different walks of life

15 .考查固定短语和时态。句意:吴明珠,这位无名英雄促成了这一切,在 20 世纪 40 年代末被重庆的西南农学院录取。根据后文 “Southwest Agricultural College in Chongqing in the late 1940s” 以及句意 录取 可知短语为 be admitted to ,为一般过去时,谓语用单数。故填 was admitted to

3.

在空白处填入方框中所给词组的正确形式。

prefer …to….

focus on

become curious about

check out

apply for

sign up for

be addicted to

be responsible for

other than

look forward to

16 Peru is so beautiful that I’m________ visiting it !

17 I think he________ smoking. He just can’t seem to quit.

18 In high school, I________ the computer and built my first website.

19 When he was a child, he________ reading books________ watching TV.

20 Guests must ________ before noon, or they will be charged for the day by the hotel.

21 I have to work harder as a senior high school student and get used to________ myself.

22 For my trip to France, I________ the visa tomorrow. Once I get it, I’ll book flight tickets online.

23 Spending too much time online is unhealthy and makes it very difficult to________ other things in life.

24 My advisor recommended that I________ the Ballet course because being a dancer has always been my dream.

25 Inca builders cut stones to exact sizes so that nothing was needed to hold walls together________ the perfect fit of the stones.

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【答案】

looking forward to    17 is addicted to    18 became curious about    19 preferred     to    20 check out    21 being responsible for    22 am applying for    23 focus on    24 should sign up for##sign up for    25 other than

【解析】 16 .考查动词短语。句意:秘鲁是如此美丽,我期待着去参观它!根据 “Peru is so beautiful” 可知,此处表示很期待去参观秘鲁, look forward to“ 期待 符合题意,由空前的 am 可知句子是现在进行时,此处用现在分词形式。故填 looking forward to

17 .考查固定短语。句意:我认为他抽烟上瘾了。他似乎就是戒不掉。根据 “He just can’t seem to quit.” 可知,此处指 他抽烟上瘾 be addicted to“ 上瘾,沉溺于 符合题意,此处是描述一个事实,用一般现在时,主语是 he be 动词用 is 。故填 is addicted to

18 .考查动词短语。句意:高中时,我对电脑产生了好奇心,并建立了我的第一个网站。根据 “built my first website” 可知,此处指 对电脑产生了好奇心 become curious about“ …… 变得好奇 符合题意,由并列谓语动词 built 可知此处用动词过去式。故填 became curious about

19 .考查动词短语。句意:当他还是个孩子的时候,比起看电视,他更喜欢看书。结合句意可知,此处表示 比起看电视,他更喜欢看书 prefer...to...“ 更喜欢 …… 而不愿 …… ,比起 …… 更喜欢 ……” 符合题意,根据 “When he was a child” 可知,句子用一般过去时。故填 ①preferred②to

20 .考查动词短语。句意:客人必须在中午前退房,否则酒店将收取当天的房费。根据 “or they will be charged for the day by the hotel” 可知,此处指 客人必须在中午前退房 check out“ 退房,结账离开 符合题意,情态动词 must 后接动词原形。故填 check out

21 .考查固定短语。句意:作为一名高中生,我必须更加努力,习惯对自己负责。结合句意可知,此处指 对自己负责 be responsible for“ …… 负责 符合题意, get used to doing sth 习惯于做某事,故空处用动名词形式。故填 being responsible for

22 .考查固定短语。句意:为了去法国旅行,我明天要申请签证。一旦我拿到签证,我会在网上预订机票。根据 “Once I get it” 可知,此处表示 申请签证 apply for“ 申请 符合题意,结合句意及 “tomorrow” 可知,此处表示即将发生的动作,用现在进行时表示将来,主语是 I be 动词用 am ,故填 am applying for

23 .考查动词短语。句意:花太多时间上网是不健康的,会让你很难专注于生活中的其他事情。根据 “Spending too much time online” 可知,此处指 很难在生活中集中注意力于其他事情 focus on“ 集中注意力于 符合题意,空前的 to 是不定式符号,此处用动词原形,故填 focus on

24 .考查动词短语。句意:我的导师建议我报芭蕾舞班,因为成为一名舞蹈家一直是我的梦想。根据空后的 “the Ballet course” 可知,此处指 报名参加芭蕾舞课程 sign up for“ 报名参加 符合题意, recommended 表示 建议 ,宾语从句应用虚拟语气,即从句谓语部分用 “(should)+ 动词原形 should 可省略。故填 (should) sign up for

25 .考查固定短语。句意:印加的建筑工人将石头切割成精确的尺寸,这样就不需要任何东西,仅仅凭着石头间的完美贴合,即可稳固墙体。结合句意可知,此处指 除了石头间的完美贴合不需要任何东西来支撑墙体 other than“ 除了 符合题意。故填 other than

4.

根据句意,从所给词组中挑选合适的一项并用其正确形式完成句子。

other than; check in; take notes; apply for; concentrate on

make up; sign up for; be unique to; be responsible for; look forward to;

26 —I’d like to ________, please.

—Do you have a reservation?

27 I am really ________ having a good vacation with you in the countryside.

28 ________ their beauty, I see something amazing from the models.

29 These animals ________ China, so you can not find them in other countries.

30 The boy ________ a story to make his parents happy but he felt guilty from the bottom of his heart.

31 The floods last summer ________ the deaths of over a hundred people.

32 It is a wise choice for you to ________ a Chinese course.

33 She was sitting at her desk, ________ her homework.

34 I ________ while listening and reading.

35 You need to ________ a visa to travel abroad.

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【答案】

check in    27 looking forward to    28 Other than    29 are unique to    30 made up    31 were responsible for    32 sign up for    33 concentrating on    34 take notes##took notes    35 apply for

【解析】 26 .考查短语。句意: —— 我要办理入住手续。 —— 你预订了吗?短语 check in 登记 之意。 would like to do sth. 想要做某事,不定式 to 后接动词原形。结合句意,故填 check in

27 .考查短语和时态。句意:我很期待能和你们在乡下度过一个愉快的假期。短语 look forward to 期待 之意。主语 I look forward to 之间为主动关系,所以根据 am 可知,用现在进行时。结合句意,故填 looking forward to

28 .考查短语。句意:除了她们的美丽,我还从模特身上看到了一些惊人的东西。短语 other than 除了 之意。结合句意,故填 Other than

29 .考查短语和时态。句意:这些动物是中国特有的,所以你在其他国家找不到它们。短语 be unique to …… 来说是独特的 之意。陈述客观事实,用一般现在时。主语 These animals 为复数形式,谓语动词用 are 。结合句意,故填 are unique to

30 .考查短语和时态。句意:男孩编了一个故事让他的父母高兴,但他从心底感到内疚。短语 make up 编造 之意。根据句中时态可知,用一般过去时。结合句意,故填 made up

31 .考查短语和时态。句意:去年夏天的洪水造成一百多人死亡。短语 be responsible for …… 负责 之意。根据时间状语 last summer 可知,用一般过去时。主语是 The floods ,谓语动词用复数 were 。结合句意,故填 were responsible for

32 .考查短语和不定式。句意:报名参加中文课程对你来说是一个明智的选择。短语 sign up for 报名参加 之意。句中 it 作形式主语,真正的主语为不定式,不定式 to 后接动词原形。结合句意,故填 sign up for

33 .考查短语和现在分词。句意:她坐在桌前,专心做作业。短语 concentrate on 专心于 之意。句中已有谓语动词,所以用非谓语动词形式。逻辑主语 she concentrate on 之间为主动关系,所以用现在分词作状语。结合句意,故填 concentrating on

34 .考查短语和时态。句意:我在听和读的时候做笔记。短语 take notes 做笔记 之意。陈述客观事实或过去事情,用一般现在时或一般过去时。结合句意,故填 take notes/took notes

35 .考查短语和不定式。句意:出国旅行你需要申请签证。短语 apply for 申请 之意。 need to do sth. 需要做某事,不定式 to 后接动词原形。结合句意,故填 apply for

5.

从方框中选出合适的短语,用其正确形式完成句子。

face to face keep in mind thanks to in the lead make an apology

apply for look forward to come across be aware of what’s up

36 With only 100 metres to go, Tom is ________, so he is very likely to win the game.

37 I’m ________ seeing his new film as soon as possible.

38 The two have never met ________ before — this is the first time.

39 Wherever you are, you should always ________ that you are a Chinese.

40 ________ you timely help, we finished the work just before the deadline.

41 He ________ his old friend on the street yesterday.

42 I think you should ________ to your brother for being so rude to him.

43 There was a loud noise downstairs, so he went to find out ________.

44 If you want to ________ a job at the office where I work, I’ll help you.

45 He ________ his mistake after his teacher pointed out.

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【答案】

in the lead

37 looking forward to    38 face to face    39 keep in mind    40 Thanks to    41 came across    42 make an apology    43 what was up    44 apply for    45 was aware of

【解析】 36 .考查介词短语。句意:还剩下 100 米,汤姆领先,所以他很有可能赢得比赛。根据下文 “he is very likely to win the game.” 可知,汤姆领先, in the lead“ 领先 符合题意,作表语。故填 in the lead

37 .考查动词短语和时态。句意:我期待尽早看到他的新电影。根据 “seeing his new film as soon as possible” 可知,此处是指期待尽早看到他的新电影, look forward to“ 期待 符合题意,作谓语,结合语境判断为现在进行时。故填 looking forward to

38 .考查副词短语。句意:两人以前从未见过面 —— 这是第一次。根据 “this is the first time” 可知,两人以前从未面对面过, face to face“ 面对面地 符合句意,作状语。故填 face to face

39 .考查动词短语。句意:无论在什么地方,你应该永远记住你是中国人。结合句意,此处指无论身在何处都要记得自己是中国人, keep in mind“ 记住 符合题意, should 后接动词原形。故填 keep in mind

40 .考查介词短语。句意:多亏了你及时的帮助,我们在截止日期前完成了工作。根据 “we finished the work just before the deadline” 可知,多亏了你们的帮助, thanks to“ 多亏,由于 符合题意。故填 Thanks to

41 .考查动词短语和时态。句意:昨天他在街上偶遇了他的老朋友。根据 “his old friend on the street yesterday.” 可知,此处是指偶遇了老朋友, come across“ 偶遇 符合题意,根据时间状语 yesterday 判断为一般过去时。故填 came across

42 .考查动词短语。句意:我认为你应该就你的粗鲁向你的哥哥道歉。根据 “for being so rude to him” 可知,此处指为自己的粗鲁道歉, make an apology“ 道歉 符合题意, should 后用动词原形。故填 make an apology

43 .考查固定句型和时态。句意:楼下的噪音很大,因此他去看看发生了什么事。结合句意表示 发生什么 what’s up ,作 find out 的宾语,主从句都陈述过去的事情,应用一般过去时。故填 what was up

44 .考查动词短语。句意:如果你想申请我所在办公室的工作,我会帮你。根据 “a job at the office where I work” 可知,此处指申请工作, apply for“ 申请 符合题意, apply 用原形和 to 构成不定式,作 want 的宾语。故填 apply for

45 .考查动词短语和时态。句意:老师指出后他意识到了他的错误。根据 “after his teacher pointed out.” 可知,老师指出后他明白了自己的错误, be aware of“ 意识到 符合题意,根据 pointed out 判断主句为一般过去时。故填 was aware of

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现在进行时及其被动式
6
17.14%
名词
4
11.42%
旅游和交通
2
5.71%
家庭、朋友与周围的人
1
2.85%
过去将来时及其被动式
1
2.85%
形容词
3
8.57%
状语从句
3
8.57%
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