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2011届山东省潍坊市高三开学摸底考试试卷
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一、未分类(共6题)
1.

假设你是李华,你的朋友Alice给你写信决定来上海旅游,同时想了解上海世博会(Expo 2010 Shanghai China)的情况。请根据以下信息,用英文给她写一封回信。

时间

2010511031

地点

上海

主题

城市,让生活更美好(Better City, Better Life

规模

吸引了约200个国家和国际组织参赛,约7000万人次的参观者

注意:

    1.词数:120150

2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

【答案】

Dear Alice,

I’m very pleased to know that you’ll travel to Shanghai. As you know, Expo 2010 is being help in the city of Shanghai, China. The event, which began on May 1, with last until October 31.

Focusing on the theme “Better City, Better Life”, Expo 2010 has attracted about 200 nations and international organizations to take part in the exhibitor as well as about 70 million visitors from home and abroad.

I think it will help all the people who visit the grand interact ional event learn how to create an eco-friendly society and maintain the sustainable development of the environment. Moreover, I believe that the Chinese people will present to the world a successful, splendid and unforgettable expo.

Welcome to Shanghai! I’m looking forward to meeting you as soon as possible.

Best wishes

Yours,

Li Hua

组卷:155次
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2.

根据汉语提示,将单词的适当形式写在答题卡相应在的横线上。

1These details are easily           (忽略), so you should pay attention to them.

2The industry      (繁荣)attracted Europeans including Jewish people.

3Your return ticket is         (有效的)for three months.

4Thank you for your help.        (否则), we would not have finished our task on time.

5This hotel is so popular that guests are asked to make       (预定)in advance.

【答案】

1overlooked/neglected

2boom/prosperity

3valid

4Otherwise

5reservations

组卷:154次
难度:中等
知识点:词汇 单元测试
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3.

阅读下面的短文,并根据短文后的要求答题。(请注意问题后的词数要求)

[1]The government employs many people to take care of our city. However, these professionals can not help out everyone by themselves. They need our help!

[2]Volunteering is something that really helps as individuals. Volunteering is when we regularly go and do nice things for other people. Volunteers may help out in local retirement homes, or in hospitals. Some volunteers work with poor people and other volunteers help teach orphaned children to read.

[3]Volunteering teaches mature thinking. Volunteering gives us a chance to stop complaining about our lives and realize exactly how lucky we are. We are able to see the people who really need the help. Volunteering also teaches more about the quality of being responsible for others and ourselves, the character of giving understanding and showing pity to others in trouble.

[4]Volunteering gives us a chance to our share of the work of making this society the best it possibly can be. It helps us feel good about ourselves when we can help those who rally need our help. When we can make somebody else feel special, it helps us remember what life is really about.

[5]There are many places that you can go to try volunteering. Here are a few places for you

HospitalsYou can go and visit people who are really sick. Sometimes all they need is someone who will talk with them, or someone

OrphanageThe children living here really need someone to play with them.

Food shelterMany food shelters can really use more people willing to just organize the shelters and help distribute the food to those who need it.

Community centerAlthough a lot of community centers are well run, some of them can really           , especially with cleaning and with repairs.

Retirement homeMany of the elderly people living here have lived very fascinating lives. Lister to them.

Whatever you decide to do, just do the best you can. Remember that giving can be its own reward!

1What’s the main idea of Paragraph 2?no more than 10 words

2According to the underlined part of Paragraph 3, list three words that can summarize what volunteering can also teach us about.

                                    

3Which sentence in the passage is the closest in meaning to the following one?

We will understand the real meaning of life if we let others feel they are different.

                                                  

4Fill in the blank with proper wordsno more than 5 words

5Please translate the underlined sentence in Paragraph 4.

【答案】

1It explains tells what volunteering is.

2.①responsibility/duty    patience sympathy/compassion

3When we can make somebody else feel special, it helps us remember what life is really about.

4need extra help

5.志愿者工作使我们能够为创建美好社会贡献自己的力量。

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4.

As dangerous as sharks may have seed to people after watching Jaws, which was released on

June 20,1975, the recent disastrous decrease in their numbers show that people have proven far

more dangerous to sharks.

    This disastrous decline is due in large part to commercial fishing of sharks. “The market for

shark fins(鱼翅)in East Asia opened up thanks to changes in their economy, increasing their

ability to spend money on things such as shark fin soup,” Burgess said.

However, the biggest worry for sharks and their relatives, the skates and rays, which are suffering a similar fate, “is how they are killed incidentally when fishermen try and take other fishthe problem of bycatch(渔业混获),” Burgess explained. “They may be thrown back afterward, but they’re still dead.”

The key of the problems behind bringing sharks back is that “they’re not the same as other fish,” Burgess said, “Sharks are slow growing and slow to reach maturity. Sharks are live bearers, which means females keep their young in their body just like us, but instead of nine months, it takes 12 to 18 months or more in sharks. Also, sharks generally can’t give birth again until a year after they’ve given birthsometimes they’re on a three-year cycle. So once you get a shark population knocked down, this ‘life in the slow lane’ means that recovery is measured in decades rather than years.”

Burgess said, “I’m on the recovery team for it, but the recovery plan for that is over the course of 100 years. So I won’t see them recover, nor will you, nor will your children. That’s what it means when these animals go downthey’re down a long time.”

Any measures aimed at saving sharks must not only consider byeatch, “which is the real killer right now,” but also encourage interactional cooperation, Burgess said.

“Sharks are very migratory, and many species cross borders,” he said. “We can protect them only by getting many government to come aboard. That’s the hardest part about this.”

1The text mainly tells us       .

       Ashark fins are valuable                          Bsharks are dangerous

       Cby catch brings bad effects                   Dsharks are in danger

2The number of sharks is decreasing mostly because of      .

       Athe film Jaws                                      Bcommercial interests

       Cchanges in economy                            Dshark fin soup

3Bringing sharks back is difficult because      .

       Athey’re like the other fish                      Btheir reproductive rate is slow

       Cthey can’t give birth again                     Dtheir life cycle is only 3 years

4What can be concluded from the last paragraph?

       ASharks live the way human beings do.

       BIt’s time many governments cooperate.

       CSharks’ migration takes a very long time.

       DBy catch shouldn’t be forbidden by international laws.

5The test is most probably a        .

       Anewspaper ad                                      Bbook review

       Cscience news report                             Dscience fiction story

【答案】

DBBBC

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5.

Mrs. Amatuli was my teacher in the fourth grade.

One day at lunch time, I was getting ready to eat my same old tuna fish(金枪鱼)sandwich and suddenly Mrs. Amatuli asked me if she could buy my sandwich from me. She explained that I could use the money to buy a hot lunch from the cafeteria.

I was thrilled. I never bought my lunch at the cafeteria. It was too expensive for my family, and we always carried our lunch and brought the bath back home to use again the next day. My sandwiches were either bologna(大腊肠)or tuna fish. It rarely varied beyond that.

You can understand my delight when I had the opportunity to buy a hot lunch.

When we finished lunch that day, Mrs. Amatuli took me aside and said she wanted to explain why she had bought my sandwich.

Oh, I couldn’t wait to get home and tell my Mama that form now on I wanted tuna fish on Fridays. After my Mama understood why, she gladly fixed tuna fish for me on Friday. She even fixed it on brown bread because she knew Mrs. Amatuli liked brown bread.

From then on every Friday I cold get in line with the rest of the kids for a hot lunch. I didn’t care how many of the ids complained about cafeteria foodit tasted divine to me!

I realize now that Mrs. Amatuli could have fixed herself a tuna sandwich of Friday. But she bought my sandwich because she saw a little girl who was thrilled over the simple act of having a hot lunch.

I will never forget her for her compassion and generosity.

1Which of the following can best describe Mrs. Amatuli?

      ALovely.                BStrict.                 CClever.                DKind.

2The author didn’t buy her lunch at the cafeteria because    .

       Aher lunch was various                          Bher family was very poor

       Cher mother could prepare it at home       Dher teacher gave her a hot lunch

3After lunch that day, Mrs. Amatuli explained         .

       Ashe was Catholic                                 BCatholic ate meat on Fridays

       CCatholic ate fish on Fridays                   Dshe liked brown bread

4The underlined word “divine” in Paragraph 8 means      .

      Adelicious              Bbad                     Ctypical                 Dhot

5What might be the best title for the passage?

       AMy grateful mother                              BMy considerate teacher

       CMy boring lunch                                  DA thrilled student

【答案】

DBCAB

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6.

Taking Care

From a very early age, I knew I wanted to be a nurse. My mother was a nurse and I have always  1  her and the way she took care of everyone. I wanted to be just like her.

So, here I am, a   2  for the last seven years. I love my work. Now, my father is quite   3  . He is 71 and has heart failure, and a lot of other medical  4  . Up until April of this year, he was able to live alone, drive, and   5  all of his own needs. His health has broken sown swiftly. I’m the only girl out of the five children. Being the only girl and a nurse  6  me at the top of the caregiver list. Taking care of a sick parent is very, not at all like taking care of other patients. I have to   8  my own family to be here with Dad. I know this is   9  I need to be but it is still hard. I   10  abut 12-15 hours day taking care of him. I want to spend all of the time that I can with him because I know that our   11  left together is short.

At the same time, I find myself 12  that my brothers don’t help more. Sometimes, it is days between their   13  . they all have families of their own and busy lives butso do I. My eldest brother does help some. He   14  at night. He comes in at 8 or 9pm and lets me go home. But he is up and   15  to hit the road at about 6 am. My   16  brothers pop in for 10-15 minute visits. It is   17  annoying. They say they  18  stand “to see Daddy this way” which I understand. It hurts me to see him so sick  19  weak, too. But he’s our Dad. He has taken care of us our whole lives. I just  20  like we should all do our part to take care of him now.

1Amissed                  Badmired               Ccheered               Dloved

2Anurse                    Bmother                Cdoctor                 Ddaughter

3Astubborn               Bhealthy                Clonely                  Dill

4Apuzzles                 Bdifficulties           Cproblems             Dmatters

5Agive up                 Btake care of         Cwatch over          Dtake up

6Aput                       Bencouraged          Cobliged                Dshowed

7Anecessary              Beasy                    Cimportant            Ddifficult

8Arefuse                   Bsupport               Cabandon              Down

9Awhen                    Bhow                    Cwhere                 Dwhy

10Awaste                  Bspend                  Ckill                      Dpass

11A  money               Bpleasure               Cemotion               Dtime

12Aangry                  Bcalm                   Centhusiastic         Danxious

13Atrips                    Bfavours               Cvisits                   Dmeals

14Alives                    Bappears               Csleeps                 Dstays

15Alikely                   Bready                  Csorry                  Dglad

16Aother                   Bdear                    Cbusy                   Dpitiful

17Aeven                   Bever                    Cstill                     Dreally

18Amustn’t               Bneedn’t                Ccan’t                   Dshouldn’t

19Aor                       Band                     Cyet                      Dbut

20Afeel                     Bsound                  Csmell                   Dlook

【答案】

15  BADCB   610  ADCCB  1115  DACDB    1620  ADCBA

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二、选择题(共15题)
1.

Fish taste better if they      off the bright sunlight. Put you drying table under the tree for best results.

Afade out          Bturn out         Cdry out           Dgive out

【答案】

C

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2.

What’s your impression of the Great Wall?

Wonderful! Once       , it can never be forgotten.

Aseen        Bseeing          Cbeing seen         Dsaw

【答案】

A

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3.

April 1st is a special day,      practical jokes may be played without punishment.

Ain which       Bon which        Cwith which         Dfor which

【答案】

B

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4.

I quarreled with my desk mate yesterday. It’s all my fault.

Look, she is just over there.      go and say “sorry” to her.

AYou know the drill                                       BBeliever it or not

CTo be exact                                                DIt all depends

【答案】

A

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5.

One advantage of playing the guitar is       it can give you a great deal of pleasure.

Ahow       Bwhy        Cwhen         Dthat

【答案】

D

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6.

Less than twenty percent of the employees in their company are women. That is to say, men are in the        .

Amajority          Bactivity          Cpossibility          Dminority

【答案】

A

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7.

The charity aims to provide assistance to people        .

Ain demand           Bin particular           Cin public          Din need

【答案】

D

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8.

I support your decision, but I should also make it clear that I am not going to be    to carry it out.

Aconnected           Bfastened           Cbound         Dstuck

【答案】

C

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9.

       that you are chosen to be a volunteer at the London Olympic Games, what will you do?

AAssumed        BAssuming          CTo assume         DTo be assumed

【答案】

B

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10.

He did not regret saying what he did but felt that he     it differently.

Acould express                                             Bwould express

Ccould have expressed                                  Dmust have expressed

【答案】

C

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11.

The temple       from the Tang Dynasty was destroyed in the earthquake.

Adated        Bdating        Chaving dated        Dto be dated

【答案】

B

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12.

Nowadays some protective parents want to       their kids from every kind of danger, real or imagined.

Aspot        Bdismiss         Cshelter        Ddistinguish

【答案】

C

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13.

         to sunlight for too much time will do harm to one’s skin.

ABeing exposed                                            BExposed

CHaving exposed                                          DAfter being exposed

【答案】

A

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14.

They appeared      me, so I had to explain to them.

Amisunderstanding                                        Bmisunderstood

Cto be misunderstood                                    Dto have misunderstood

【答案】

D

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15.

If China’s space technology has achieved        breakthrough in this field, it really is     

amazing wonder.

Athe; an           Ba; an            C.不填; the               Da; 不填

【答案】

B

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三、阅读理解(共2题)
1.

A Good Teacher is a Strict Teacher

One of the most important parts in the healthy development of a child is played by education. But the way in which education is understood has changed completely, as we must not forget that the severe and unfeeling way of bringing up a child in the past was primarily based on cruel grounding(基础)and strict rules that were supposed to create accomplished individuals, the typical gentlemen. Nowadays, society is much more open-minded and it does not put a great value on being strict, although this doesn’t mean that opinions regarding this subject do not differ.

On the one hand, there are also people who believe that there has got to be a bound between teacher and student if any satisfying results are awaited. Luckily for us, more and more teachers are understanding this fact and are doing their best to get over the strict rules and get in touch with us.

       My opinion is that only by having a friendly attitude and accepting other opinions, especially those of your pupils, you are truly able to do your job at high standards. However, this does not mean that a teacher shouldn’t be a bit more rough when he feels that things are getting out of hand.

       All in all, I must say that a good teacher is the teacher that has the ability to be kind and strict at the same time, thus achieving to gain his students respect and interest.

1The aim of education in the past was to      .

       Acreate perfect persons                          Bcreate open-minded persons

       Cbring up a child                                   Dbuild a cruel grounding

2According to the passage, the narrow-minded people think      .

       Aa pupil is always interested in what he is learning

       Ba pupil himself will improve his studies

       Cchildren should be made to study

       Dchildren don’t like a rough hand

3The underlined word “job” in the last paragraph can be replaced by      .

       Acontrolling           Bteaching              Clearning               Dpunishing

4The author thinks a good teacher should be     .

       Akind and strict                                     Bskilled and clever

       Crough and cruel                                   Dfriendly and practical

5It can be inferred from the passage that       .

       Asociety is much more open-minded and being strict is out date

       Bas long as the teachers are strict with students, the students will certainly get good marks

       Cmost people are in favor of strict teachers because they have strict grounding and strict rules

       Dif we expect students to develop in a healthy way, the good relationship between teachers and students is important

【答案】

ACBAD

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2.

       Dolphins and sharks are showing up in surprisingly shallow water just off the Florida coast. Mullets, crabs, rays and small fish gather by the thousands off an Alabama pirer. Birds covered in oil are crawling deep into marshes (沼泽), never to be seen again.

Marine scientists studying the effects of the BP disaster(英国石油公司漏油事件)are seeing

some strange phenomena. Fish and other wildlife seem to be fleeing the oil out in the Gulf and clustering in cleaner waters along the coast in a trend that some researchers see as a potentially troubling sign. The animals' presence close to shore means their usual habitat is badly polluted, and the crowding could result in mass die-offs as fish run out of oxygen. Also, the animals could easily be captured by their enemies.

    The nearly two-month-old spill(漏油)has created an environmental disaster in US history as tens of millions of gallons have flown into the Gulf of Mexico ecosystem. Scientists are seeing some unusual things as they try to understand the effects on thousands of species of marine life.

For nearly four hours Monday, a three-person crew with Greenpeace cruised past delicate

islands and mangrove-dotted inlets in Barataria Bay off southern Louisiana. They saw dolphins by the dozen frolicking(嬉戏)in the oily sheen(光泽)and oil-tinged pelicans feeding their young. But they spotted no dead animals.

"I think part of the reason why we're not seeing more yet is that the impacts of this crisis are

really just beginning," Greenpeace marine biologist John Hocevar said.

The counting of dead wildlife in the Gulf is more than an academic exercise; the deaths will

help determine how much BP pays in damages.

1What do the marine life react to the BP disaster?

       ABirds crawl deep into caves.

       BDolphins and sharks show up in deep water.

       CTens of thousands of marine animals are found dead.

       DSea creatures flee from oil spill, gathering near seashore.

2Which of the following is NOT related to the potentially troubling sign?

       AThe usual habitat of deep-water animals is badly polluted.

       BMany animals could be easily eaten by their enemies.

       CMasses of fishes could die due to lack of oxygen.

       DSome dolphins are frolicking in marshes.

3The environmental disaster was caused by     .

      Athe damage of the Mexico Gulf ecosystem

       Bthe lack of environmental sense of BP

       Cthe nearly two-month-old oil spill

       Dthe crowding marine life

4What is John Hocevar’s attitude towards the disaster?

       AWorried.              BDisappointed.          CDepressed.            DHesitant. 

5From the passage, we can infer that         .

       ABp will pay much money according to the number of dead wildlife there

       Bmarine scientists have seen some strange phenomena

       Cthe disaster has little influence on dolphins

       Da three-person crew reached no conclusion

【答案】

DDCAA

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组卷/试题篮
试卷统计
试题总数:
23
总体难度:
偏难
题型统计
大题类型
题目数
占比
未分类
6
26.08%
选择题
15
65.21%
阅读理解
2
8.69%
知识点统计
知识点
题目数
占比
提纲作文
1
4.34%
词汇 单元测试
1
4.34%
单元测试
1
4.34%
阅读理解
5
21.73%
动词
2
8.69%
倒装与省略
1
4.34%
定语从句
1
4.34%
交际用语
1
4.34%
表语从句
1
4.34%
名词
1
4.34%
介词
1
4.34%
形容词
1
4.34%
状语从句
1
4.34%
虚拟语气
1
4.34%
非谓语动词
3
13.04%
冠词
1
4.34%
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