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2011届济宁市第一中学高三教学质量第一次检测
一、选择题(共15题)
二、未分类(共6题)
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更新时间:2021-1-1
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1.

阅读下面短文并回答问题。

No man is an islandis a well-known line from John Donne’s Devotion, written more than three hundred years agoEven now people still agree with himNo one can live a completely isolated lifeWithout other people, life became empty and sadWe all need to have friends.

For some of us, though making friends is not difficult, feeling shy, we may not want to make the first moveIt is also difficult at times to keep the friends we already have.

There are many books about friendship, but Dale Carnegie’s How to Win Friends and Influence People, written in 1936, is the most famousThis “how to” book about getting along with other people became a best sellerIt was later put into 28 languages.

Dale Carnegie’s advice seems to be simple, but can his advice help you? Do you need to change the way you act? Here is the list of advice from his book:

1Be friendly and polite.

Always greet with a smileBegin with “excuse me ” or “would you please” when       Remember to say “thank you” and try to be as helpful as you can.

2Go out of your way to be nice.

Find some time to do special things for other peopleMaking some soup for a sick neighbour may seem like a little thing to you, but it will make your neighbour feel a lot better.

3Remember names.

They say that the sweetest music to a person’s ears is the sound of his or her own name.

4Be open-minded.

Try to understand other people’s ways and ideas and learn something from them.

5Listen patiently When someone is talking to you, look at him or her, listen carefully and say something when necessary

1What is the best title of this passage?(Please answer within 5 words

_______________________________________________________________________________

2Please fill in the blank with proper words.Please answer within 10 words

_______________________________________________________________________________

3Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one?

They will feel very happy when they hear their names

_______________________________________________________________________________

4Why do some of us feel it not easy to make friends?Please answer within 10 words

_______________________________________________________________________________

5Translate the underlined sentence in the second paragraph into Chinese.

______________________________________________________________________________

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2.

Have you ever noticed what happens to an idea once you express it? Just talking about it or writing it down causes you to make it clear in your own mindHow can you use this to increase your brain power? Start writing

    By putting thoughts into words, you are telling yourself the logic (逻辑) behind what you think, feel, or only partly understandOften, explaining a thought is the process of understandingIn other words, you increase your brain power by exercising your “explain power.”

    Try this experimentExplain how you’ll increase your brain power, even if you have no idea how right nowJust start with anything, and create an explanationFor example, start with “I’ll learn chess,” or “I’ll read an article on the mind every week.” Explain how that will helpYou’ll be surprised how often this becomes a workable plan, and if you actually do this, you’ll have a better understanding of your brain twenty minutes from now

    Another benefit of writing is that it helps you rememberMany, if not most, highly productive people are always taking notesYou can try keeping it all in your head, but if you keep a journal of your ideas the next time you’re working on a big project, you’ll probably have more success

   Want to understand a topic? Write a book about itThat’s an extreme example, but if you are learning something new, write a letter to a friend about it, and you will understand it betterWant to invent something? Write an explanation of the problem, why you want to solve it, and why it is worth solving, and you’re half-way there

    Writers don’t always write because they clearly understand something beforehandOften, they write about something because they want to understand itYou can do the sameWriting will help bring you to an understandingGive it a try.

1What would be the best title for the text?

      AA Way on How to Write

       BIncrease Your Brain Power through Writing

      CBrain Power Helps Improve Your Writing

       DHow to Start Your Writing

2According to the text, writing can help you a lot in the following ways EXCEPT ______.

      Athe increase of your brain power 

       Bthe ability to remember

      Cthe development of your interest in study

       Dthe better understanding of a topic

3If a writer writes something, it means that he or she _______.

      Ahas understood it very well 

       Bneeds to understand it better

      Cwants to remember it in his or her mind

       Dis exercising his or her “explain power”

4The underlined sentence “you’re half-way there” in the fifth paragraph implies that ______.

      Ayou are already successful

       Byou still need to work hard

      Cwriting can help you walk half way

       Dwriting is important to solve problems

5What’s the main purpose of the writer writing the text?

      ATo advise readers to start their writing

       BTo explain the importance of writing.

      CTo persuade readers to become writers

       DTo increase readers’ brain power.

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更新时间:2021-1-1
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3.

It was a beautiful day at the beach—blue sky, gentle wind, calm seaI knew these things because a man sitting five feet from me was shouting them into his mobile phone, like a play-by-play announcer (实况解说员).

“IT’S A BEAUTIFUL DAY,” he shouted“THE SKY IS BLUE, AND THERE’S A GENTLE WIND, AND THE WATER IS CALM, AND…”

Behind me, a woman, her mobile phone pressed to her ear was walking back and forth.

“She DIDN’T,” she was saying“NoShe DIDN’TShe DID? Really? Are you SERIOUS? She did NOTShe DID? No she…”

And so onThis woman had two children, who were playing in the seaI found myself watching them, because the woman surely was notA huge squid could have caught and snatched the children, and this woman would not have noticedOr, if she had noticed, she’d have said, “ListenI have to go, because a huge squid just……No! She didn’t ! She DID? No! She……”

And next to me, the play-by-play man would have said: “…AND A HUGE SQUID JUST ATE TWO CHILDREN, AND I’M GETTING A LITTLE SUNBURNED, AND …”

It used to be that the major trouble at the beach was the fellow who brought a boom box (便携式录音机) and turned it up so loud that the bass notes caused seagulls to explodeBut at least you knew where these fellows were; you never know which beachgoers have mobile phonesYou’ll settle next to what appears to be a sleeping sunbather, or even you hope a corpse , and you’ll lie happily on your towel, and you’ll get all the way to the second sentence of your 467-page book before you fall asleep to the hypnotic surge of the surf (催人入梦的潮声), and …

BREEP! BREEP! The corpse sits up, feels urgently for its mobile phone, and shouts “Hello! I’m at the beach! Yes! It’s nice! Very peaceful! What? She did? No, she didn’t! She DID? No, she…”

Loud mobile-phoners never seem to get urgent callsJust once, I’d like to hear one of them say, “Hello? Yes, this is DrJohnsonOh, DrSmithYou’ve opened the abdominal cavity (腹腔)? Good! Now the appendix should be right under the … What? No, that’s the liverDon’t take THAT out, ha ha! Oh, you did? My God! OK, now listen carefully…”

1From the passage we can know that the writer of the passage _____.

       Ahad a wonderful holiday at the beach

       Bmust have suffered a lot because of the terrible weather

       Cis only interested in talks by doctors about operation

       Dexperienced an unhappy holiday at the beach

2According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true?

       AThe writer often spends his holidays at the beach.

       BA huge squid ate two children while their mother was not watching.

       CSome people used to play boom box while spending their holidays at the beach.

       DSome people often make loud mobile phone calls without caring for others.

3The underlined word “corpse” in this passage has the closest meaning to________.

       Aa dead body                                       Ba loud mobile phone  

       Ca sound sleeper                                    Da sleep lover

4In the past the fellow who brought a boom box_________.

       Aturned it up to make the seagulls happy

       Bturned it up to cause the seagulls to explode

       Cmight cause less trouble than the beachgoers with mobile phones

       Dmight cause more trouble than the beachgoers with mobile phones

5We can infer from the passage that _______.

     Athe writer is interested in mobile phone.

     Bthe writer hates people using mobile phone

     Cthe writer hates to be disturbed while enjoying holidays on the beach.

     Dthe writer seldom finishes reading a book before going to sleep.

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4.

AAAGH! The Generation 90s is coming!

Wearing earphones, using complex Net language and constantly text messaging friends, the Gen-90s following the Gen-80s begin to make their world debut(初次登台).

Each generation or age group has its own symbols and lifestyleRead on and judge for yourselves if you fit the Gen-90s profile

 Earphones

These little devices seem to grow on the heads of the Gen-90sThey might lead to MP3, MP4 or MP101 players, giving these young people a plugged-incool and perhaps self-addicted look, of course, life is not always music to the ears

 Martian language

They have created their own code-like online languageIt’s a mixture of English, Japanese and Chinese that perhaps only Martians can understandThis is an imaginative generation, though they need to be careful to keep it out of their term papers

 Self-Portrait

Saying “cheese” to their own digital cameras is routine for this generationA little bit of narcissism (自恋) never hurts anyoneIt helps them reflect a little on their own livesBut be aware of the risks of posting private photos online.

 Text-messaging

They can type their mobile phones as fast as they can speakThis is a generation that respects efficiencyHowever, oral communication is important and will never go out of style.

1Who are the intended readers of the passage?

    ATeens                 BEducators           CSocialists            DParents

2According to the passage, if you belong to the Gen-90s, you will ____________ .

       Ajust appreciate yourself and ignore others’ strengths.

       Bmake your presentation and have your own symbols and lifestyle.

       Chave the same symbols and lifestyle of the Gen-80s

       Dlike music and dance very much.

3According to the text, the writer will choose ______ as a good example to the Gen-90.

       ALi Hua likes music and always wearing ipod

       BZhang Chao is not only an imaginative boy but do everything efficiently.

       CLily is a shy girl and she doesn’t like making friends.

       DFangfang likes being taken photos and often posting them on line.

4According to this passage, which is FALSE?

       ANot all teens are cautious about posting photos 

       BThey type their mobile phones so fast that it can catch the speed of speaking.

       CThe Gen-90s have a preference for some music players, and even regard them as a  necessary part of life

       DThey don’t use the cool and complex online language in formal writing.

5The main idea of the passage is about________.

       Athe Gen-90s’ happy life

       Bthe difference between the Gen-80s and the Gen-90s

       Cthe Gen-90s’unique lifestyle and some practical warnings

       Dthe similarities between the Gen-80s and the Gen-90s

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5.

Scott Langteau has this message for kids: Spend less time playing video games.

It’s a message that many a mom and dad has tried to impress upon many a youngster and some not-so-youngsterswho spends perhaps a bit too much time with game controllers in hand.

But the 40-year-old Langteau isn’t a parentHe’s experienced at video games — one who played producer on three “Medal of Honor” games and co-founded his own game development company.

Langteau has just published a children’s book called “Sofa Boy,” which tells the story of a kid who spends too much time sitting on the couch with controller held in hand and the rather terrible consequences that follow.

It’s a fairy tale plucked straight from Langteau's own experiences as a lad with a fondness for video games and his own bouts with a bit of game addictionBut first, Langteau would like to make one thing clear: “I’m not saying that you shouldn’t play video gamesI think video games are great, I think they do great things for kids”Instead, Langteau says his book is all about a little something called “moderation.(克制)

 “It’s about being well rounded,” he says“Just like with anything else, we all need to make sure that there’s a variety in what we do.”

Video gamers can be rather bad-tempered when it comes to accepting criticism about their favorite entertainmentAnd understandably soAfter all, most people who go around talking about the dangers of playing video games tend to be outsiders — people who don’t play video games and certainly don’t understand that they can be a valuable and healthy form of entertainment.

But Langteau and “Sofa Boy” seem to be in a unique position to deliver a message of gaming moderation that the young game-savvy(有经验的) masses might actually listen toAfter all, this is a man who understands what it means to be a kid with a passion for gamesHis early experience has taught him a lesson.

1Scott Langteau published “Sofa Boy” to            

       Ashare his great skills on games              Bwarn kids against game addiction

       Ctell about his fairy tale as a kid               Ddeliver a message for games

2We can learn from the passage that           

      ALangteau advises the young to play games within limits

      BLangteau advises the young not to play games

      Cplaying video games ruins the future of kids

      Dplaying video games is of no benefit to kids

3Why are the video gamers not accepted by the outsiders?

    ABecause they are bad-tempered.

    BBecause they are dangerous to others.

    CBecause they do nothing but play video games.

    DBecause the value of the video games is not understood.

4By saying “It’s about being well rounded” Langteau thinks            20090506

      Agames do great things for kids           Bgamers are usually fat and round

      Cgames should be viewed from all sides  Dgamers are to blame for their behaviors

5What topic will be discussed in the following paragraph?

      AHis idea to create “Sofa Boy”

      BHis great achievement in games as a kid

      CHis hard times to set up his game company

      DHis enthusiasm for games when he was a small boy

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6.

One winter morning I bought a copy of the New York World and turned its pages until I got the “Help Wanted Unskilled” sectionA small advertisement held my  1 .It read, “Easy jobGood wagesNo experience  .” It sounded like the job I was   3  Easy jobGood wagesThose four words  now and then in my brain as I was traveling to the address indicated in the Easy jobGood wagesEasy jobGood wagesEasy ...

When I got to the place I saw a series of large half filled with water, out of which I noticed   7  the necks of many bottles of various sizes and shapes these basins there were a number of workers sitting on small wooden benchesAll had their  9  in the water of the basin, the left hand holding a  10  and the thumb nail of the right hand scratching(刮;擦) the labels on   11  .

I sat down on a  12   beside one of the basins and started to work on one bottleAs the minutes went by I noticed that the  13   of the water started to  14   from my hand to my bodyBut  15   still, the delicate thumb of my right hand was  16  by the minute into a full­ blown tomato­ colored fingerA numb(麻木的)pain began to be felt  17   from my right thumbThen I began to feel as if the pain was coming from a finger bigger than all my body.

After three hours of this I told the manager I’d  18  .He figured I had  19  69 cents at 23 cents an hourWith the money, I left the working place“Easy jobGood wages.” came to my brain againLooking at my hands, I  20    myself, “Can easy job get good wages

1Aeyes                  Battention            Cdecision              Dbreath

2Anecessary             Brelevant           Cpractical         Dprimitive

3Arunning after         Blooking for        Cheading for          Dlooking after

4Acircled              Bmoved                                           Cflashed           Dattacked

5Aletter               Bsign             Cadvertisement      Dpost

6Abaskets             Bbowls           Cpots                 Dbasins

7Ahiding               Bsticking           Crising                Dbreaking

8AIn                 BAbove            CUnder               DAround

9Aarms               Bhands            Clegs              Dfeet

10Aknife             Bsnail             Cbottle              Dbrush

11Athat             Bthose          Cthem              Dit

12Achair           Bbench           Cbottle              Dsofa

13Asmell             Bcoldness         Ccolor                Dsteam

14Aspread          Btravel                                            Crecycle           Daccelerate

15Aworse          Bbetter            Cmore             Drather

16Agoing            Bfinding           Cgrowing              Dbecoming

17Anow and then     Bhere and there     Cone by one          Dlittle by little

18Aadapt           Bequip             Cbargain            Dquit

19Ataken           Boffered             Cearned              Dcreated

20Athought           Basked            Cfound              Dhated

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