高中英语2011届湖北省黄冈中学高三第三次模拟考试
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    假如你是李华,是育英中学的学生。五月十二日四川地震爆发后,你和你的同学度过了几个不眠之夜。请写一篇120词左右的短文,介绍你们那几天的主要活动及感受,向21世纪英文报投稿。要点如下:

    1.  每晚观看新闻,关注灾区救援工作的进展;

    2.  捐出全部零花钱,并在周末走上街头义卖报纸;

    3.  向报纸及网络投稿寄托哀思;

    4.  五月十九日下午全校师生为遇难者默哀三分钟。

    提示:  灾区 the striken area      遇难者 victims      默哀  observe silence

    Dear editor,

    __________________________________________________________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________

    Yours,

    Li Hua

    题型:未分类  知识点:书面表达-其他
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    Rail passengers are being forced to pay thousands of pounds more in fares as a result of poor advice from the national telephone helpline and individual stations, a consumer organization reveals today. Research by Which? found that in some cases passengers are being charged almost double the cheapest price because of errors made by staff .

    Which? asked 25 questions of both station staff and the National Rail Enquiries (NRES) helpline. Only half of the 50 questions were answered correctly. If customers had followed all the advice given ,they would have been 1,263.60 worse off .

    Bad advice was given for the cheapest fare for a single journey between London and Grantham. For a ticket bought on the day of travel, both NRES and a King’s Cross station clerk quoted GNER’s 44.50 fare, ignoring a Hull Trains service which leaves 10 minutes earlier and costs just 20.

    Some of the most costly misinformation was given for journeys where season tickets should have been recommended. Passengers making a return journey between Swindon and Penzance twice in a week could buy a ticket from one company for 70 which would cover all the travel. But both NRES and station staff quoted 67 for each journey, making 134However, the NRES website proved to be a much more reliable source of information .

    Which ? also checked “the earlier you book, the cheaper the ticket” claims by five companies and found this was not always the case. On some services, prices went up and down at random.

    Ithiel Mogridge, 52, gave one example of poor advice :” Last Christmas I found my brother a ticket on the thetrainline.com to travel from Blackburn to Yate. While the direct route was 51, this one involved a change in Newport and cost just 21I emailed the details to him and his partner. They went to Blackburn station, where the clerk insisted the fare was 51.”

    Malcolm Coles, editor of which.co.uk, said :”Staff training needs to be improved. In the meantime, we’ve designed a checklist, available at which.co.uk/ rail advice.

    1According to the passage “which ?”is a ________.

    Anational telephone helpline

    Bdepartment under the British Rail

    Cconsumer organization

    Dwebsite under the National Rail Enquiries

    2When the author said that customers “would have been 1,263.60 worse off”, he was telling us that customers would have _________.

    Asaved 1,263.60 if they had followed the advice

    Bspend 1,263.60 more than the lowest price

    Cused 1,263.60 for the survey of 25 questions

    Dbeen cheated of 1,263.60 from the poor advice

    3The phrase at random in paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to “_________”.

    Acasually           Bpurposefully           Cexactly         Dunavoidable

    4The passage is mainly concerned with the phenomenon that ________.

    Atrain passengers get bad advice on fares

    Brail passengers are ill-treated by station staff

    Cbooking clerks and the telephone helpline offer reliable information

    Drail passengers can get cheaper tickets if they book earlier

    题型:未分类  知识点:阅读理解-其他
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    In this age of Internet chat, videogames and reality television, there is no shortage of mindless activities to keep a child occupied. Yet, despite all these, my 8-year-old daughter Rebecca wants to spend her leisure time writing short stories. She wants to enter one of her stories into a writing contest, a competition she won last year.

    As a writer I know about winning contests, and about losing them. I know what it is like to work hard on a story only to receive a rejection slip from the publisher. I also know the pressures of trying to live up to a reputation created by previous victories. What if she doesn’t win the contest again? That’s the strange thing about being a parent. So many of our own past scars and dashed hopes can surface.

    A revelation (启示) came last week when I asked her, “Don’t you want to win again?” “No,” she replied, “I just want to tell the story of an angel going to first grade.”

    I had just spent weeks correcting her stories as she spontaneously (自发地) told them. Telling myself that I was merely an experienced writer guiding the young writer across the hall, I offered suggestions for characters, conflicts and endings for her tales. The story about a fearful angel starting first grade was quickly “guided” by me into the tale of a little girl with a wild imagination taking her first music lesson. I had turned her contest into my contest without even realizing it.

    Staying back and giving kids space to grow is not as easy as it looks. Because I know very little about farm animals who use tools or angels who go to first grade, I had to accept the fact that I was co-opting (借用) my daughter’s experience.

    While stepping back was difficult for me, it was certainly a good first step that I will quickly follow with more steps, putting myself far enough a way to give her room but close enough to help if asked. All the while I will be reminding myself that children need room to experiment, grow and find their own voices.

    1What do we learn from the first paragraph?  

    AMany children find lots of fun in mindless activities.

      BRebecca is much too occupied to enjoy her leisure time.

      CRebecca draws on a lot of online materials for her writing.

      DRebecca is different from any other child of her age. 

    2What did the author say about her own writing experience?   

      AShe did not quite live up to her reputation as a writer.

      BHer way to success was full of pains and frustrations.

      CShe was constantly under pressure of writing more.

      DMost of her stories had been rejected by publishers.

    3Why did Rebecca want to enter this year’s writing contest? 

      AShe believed she possessed real talent for writing.

      BShe was sure of winning with her mother’s help.

      CShe wanted to share her stories with readers.

      DShe had won a prize in the previous contest.

    4The author took great pains to refine her daughter’s stories because ________. 

      Ashe believed she had the knowledge and experience to offer guidance

      Bshe did not want to disappoint Rebecca who needed her help so much

      Cshe wanted to help Rebecca realize her dreams of becoming a writer

      Dshe was afraid Rebecca’s imagination might run wild while writing

    5What’s the author’s advice for parents?   

      AA writing career, though attractive, is not for every child to pursue.

      BChildren should be allowed freedom to grow through experience.

      CParents should keep an eye on the activities their kids engage in.

         DChildren should be given every chance to voice their opinions.

    题型:未分类  知识点:阅读理解-其他
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    Educating girls quite possibly brings in a higher rate of return than any other investment available in the developing worldWomen education may be an unusual field for economistsbut increasing women's contribution to development is actually as much an economic as a social issueAnd economists provides guideposts that point to an explanation for why so many girls are deprived (被剥夺) of education.

         Parents in low-income countries fail to invest in their daughters because they do not expect them to make an economic contribution to the familygirls grow up only to marry into somebody else's family and bear childrenGirls are thus seen as less valuable than boys and are kept at home to do housework while their brothers are sent to school — the prophecy (预言) becomes self-fulfilling, trapping women in a bad circle of neglect

         An educated motheron the other handhas greater earning abilities outside the home and faces an entirely different set of choicesShe is likely to have fewer but healthier children and can insist on the development of all her childrenensuring that her daughters are given a fair chanceThe education of her daughters then makes it much more likely that the next generation of girlsas well as of boys, will be educated and healthyThe bad circle is thus transformed into a good one

          Few will question that educating women has great social benefits, but it has enormous  economic advantages as wellMost obviouslythere is the direct effect of education on the wages of female workersWages rise by 10 to 20 percent for each additional year of schoolingSuch big returns are impressive by the standard of other available investmentsbut they are just the beginningEducating women also has a significant influence on health practicesincluding family planning.

    1By saying “the prophecy becomes self-fulfilling…” in the second paragraphthe author means that          .

         Agirls will turn out to be less valuable than boys

         Bgirls will be capable of realizing their own dreams

         Cgirls will eventually find their goals in life beyond reach

         Dgirls will be increasingly discontented with their life at home

    2The author believes that a bad circle can turn into good circle when          .

         Awomen care more about education       

           Bgirls can gain equal access to education

         Ca family has fewer but healthier children   

           Dparents can afford their daughters' education

    3What does the author say about women’s education?

         AIt deserves greater attention than other social issues.

         BIt is now highly valued in many developing countries

         CIt will bring in greater returns than other known investments

         DIt has aroused the interest of a growing number of economists.

    4The passage mainly discusses          .

         Aunequal treatment of boys and girls in developing countries

         Bthe potential earning power of well-educated women

         Cthe major contributions of educated women to society

         Dthe economic and social benefits of educating women

    题型:未分类  知识点:阅读理解-其他
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    In the future your automobile will run on water instead of gas! You will be able to buy a supercomputer that fits in your pocket! You might even drive a flying car!

    For each prediction that has come true today, several others have missed by a mile. Many of these predictions didn’t consider how people would want to use the technology. Or if people really needed it in their lives or not. Let’s look at some predictions from the not-too-distant past.

    Robot Helpers

    Where’s the robot in my kitchen? Nowhere, of course. And he’s probably not coming anytime soon. Robots do exist today, but mostly in factories and other Manufacturing environments.

    Back in the 1950s, however, people said that by now personal robots would be in most people’s home.

    So why hasn’t happened? Probably because robots are still too expensive and Clumsy. And maybe the idea of robots cooking our dinners and washing our clothes is just too weirDAt home we seem to be doing fine without them.

    Telephones of tomorrow?

    In 1964 an American company introduced the video telephone. They said by the year 2000 most people would have a video phone in their homes. But of course the idea hasn’t caught on yet.

    Why? The technology worked fine, but it overlooked something obvious: peoples desire for privacy. Would you want to have a video phone conversation with someone after you just stepped out of the shower? Probably not it could be embarrassing! Just because a technology available doesn’t always mean people will want to use it.

    And finally, how about that crazy prediction of the flying car? It’s not so crazy anymore! But a flying car remains one of the most fascinating technology ideas to capture our imagination. Keep watching the news or perhaps the sky outside your window to see what the future will bring.

    1The whole passage is mainly about ________.

    Apredictions that have come true

    Bpredictions that haven’t come true

    Cwhy predictions don’t come true easily                                

    Dwhat technology will bring about

    2Which of the following is probably not the author’s belief?

    APredictions needn’t consider people’s practical use of technology.

    BThe future isn’t always easy to guess.

    CNot all past predictions have come true.

    DMany of the high-tech things our parents thought we’d be using by now simply never appeared.

    3The underlined word “weird” probably means ________.

    Awonderful          Bstupid                 Cpractical               Dstrange

    4What does the author think of the flying car?

    AIt is too difficult to imagine.                BIt is too crazy an idea.

    CIt is likely to be made.                        DIt is often reported in the news.

    题型:未分类  知识点:阅读理解-其他
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