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How much times do you spend with your parents? 1.___________
When did you last tell them what is on your mind? 2.___________
Your parents are your dearest people in the world 3.___________
when you are young . And they always care of you 4.___________
Deep. But even though many children still love 5.___________
their mum and dad , families may become more close 6.___________
as you get older . The end of the year is a time for families 7.___________
to get together . Have you ever thought what you can 8.___________
show your parents that you love them ? Find chance 9.___________
and do something for them or to have a sincere talk with 10.___________
them. If you can do this, your parents will be very happy.
Fear and its companion pain are two of the most useful things that men and animals possess, if they are properly used. If fire did not hurt when burnt, children would play it until their hands were burnt away. Similarly, if pain existed but fear did not, a child would burn itself again and again, because fear would not warn it to keep away from the fire that had burnt it before. A really fearless soldier— and some do exist — is not a good soldier because he is soon killed ; and a dead soldier is of no use to his army. Fear and pain are therefore two guards without which men and animals might soon die out.
In our first sentence we suggested that fear ought to be properly used．If, for example, you never go out of your house because of the danger of being knocked down and killed in the street by a car, you are letting fear rule you too much. Even in your house you are not completely safe: an airplane may crash on your house, or ants may eat away some of the beams in your roof so that the latter falls on you, or you may get cancer!
The important thing is not to let fear rule you, but instead to use fear as your servant and guide. Fear will warn you of dangers; then you have to decide what action to take.
In many cases, you can take quick and successful action to avoid the danger. For example, you see a car coming straight towards you: fear warns you, you jump out of the way, and all is well.
In some cases, however, you decide that there is nothing that you can do to avoid the danger. For example, you cannot prevent an airplane crashing onto your house. In this case, fear has given you its warning, you have examined it and decided on your course of action, so fear of this particular danger is no longer of any use to you, and you have to try to overcome it.
1．Children would play with fire until their hands were burnt away if ________.
A．they were given no warning beforehand
B．they had never burnt themselves
C．they had no sense of pain
D．they were fearful of the fire
2．A really fearless soldier_________.
A．is of little use to the army B．is without equal
C．is nothing but a dead soldier D．easily gets killed in a battle
3．Fear should be used properly because_________.
A．an airplane may crash on your house
B．you may get cancer
C．fear can only be used as a servant and guide
D．men are now letting fear rule them too much
4．Which of the following is implied but not stated in the passage?
A．Fear is always something helpful.
B．Too much fear is harmful.
C．Fear ought to be used as a servant and guide.
D．Fear is something unbeneficial.
A recent study offers a picture of how dangerous it is to get a lift from a teenage driver. Indeed, a 16-year-old driver with three or more passengers is three times as likely to have a fatal accident as a teenager driving alone. However, the possibility of death for drivers between 30 and 59 decreases with each additional passenger.
It was also found that the death rates for teenage drivers increased greatly after10 p.m , and especially after midnight. With passengers in the car, the driver was even more likely to die in a late night accident.
Robert Foss, a scientist at the University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center, says the higher death rates for teenage drivers have less to do with "really stupid behavior" than with just a lack of driving experience. Both he and the author of the study believe that the way to help solve the problem is to have states setting up so-called graduated licensing systems (等级执照制). A graduated license requires that a teenager first prove himself able to drive in the presence of an adult, followed by a period of driving with a limited number of passengers, before graduating to full driving on his own. About half of the states now have some sort of graduated licensing system in place. The systems have reduced teenage driver crashes, according to recent studies.
1．Which of the following situations is most dangerous according to the passage?
A．Adults giving a lift to teenagers on the highway after 10 p.m.
B．A teenager driving after midnight with passengers in the car.
C．Adults driving with three or more teenage passengers late at night.
D．A teenager getting a lift from a stranger on the highway at midnight.
2．According to Robert Foss, the high death rate of teenage drivers is mainly due to _______.
A．their frequent driving at night B．their improper way of driving
C．their lack of driving experience D．their driving with passengers
3．A suggested measure to be taken to reduce teenagers' driving accidents is that ________.
A．driving in the presence of an adult should be made a rule .
B．they should be stopped from taking on passengers
C．they should not be allowed to drive after 10 p. m.
D．the licensing system should be improved
4．The present situation in about half of the states is that the graduated licensing system
A．is under discussion B．is about to be set up
C．has been put into effect D．has been perfected
In the second half of each year ,many powerful storms are born in the tropical Atlantic and Caribbean Sea .Of these , only about half a dozen produce the strong , circling winds of 75 miles per hour or more that give them hurricane status, and several usually make their way to the coast. There they cause millions of dollars of damage, and bring death to large numbers of people.
The great storms that hit the coast start as innocent circling disturbances (扰乱) hundreds or thousands of miles out to sea . As they travel aimlessly over water warmed by the summer sun, they are carried westward by the trade winds（信风）When conditions are just right , warm , moist air flows in at the bottom of such a disturbance , moves upward through it and comes out at the top . In the process, the moisture in this warm air produces rain, and with it the heat is changed into energy in the form of strong winds. As the heat increases , the young hurricane begins to swirl (旋转)in a counterclockwise（逆时针方向） motion.
The average life of a hurricane is only about nine days, but is contains almost more power than we can imagine. The energy in the heat released by a hurricane's rainfall in a single day would satisfy the entire electrical needs of the United States for more than six months. Water, rather than wind is the main source of death and destruction in a hurricane. A typical hurricane brings 6 to 12-inch downpours resulting in sudden floods. Worst of all is the powerful movement of the sea —the mountains of water moving toward the low—pressure hurricane center, the water level rises as much as 15 feet above normal as it moves toward shore.
1．When does an ordinary tropical storm turn into a hurricane?
A．When it begins in the Atlantic and Caribbean Sea.
B．When it hits the coastline.
C．When it is more than 75 miles per hour.
D．When its wind reaches 75 miles per hour.
2．What is the worst thing about the hurricane?
A．The destructive effect of water. B．The heat it releases.
C．It lasts about nine days. D．Strong winds.
3．The counterclockwise swirling of the hurricane is brought about by_________.
A．the low pressure center of the storm B．the force of waves of water
C．the trade winds D．the increasing heat
4．Which of the following about the hurricane is true?
A．It often occurs around June.
B．It is not so powerful as that of storm born in the Caribbean Sea.
C．It usually lasts about nine days.
D．It can be easily detected and prevented.
Until the 1960's, almost everyone in the U. S. followed tradition and gave all the children in the same family the same last name or surname, as it is called. But during the 60's, young parents began giving their children strange names—names like Moonglow, Eternal Peace, and Sunshine. Some states passed laws controlling the names that parents could use. But after a court case in 1981, a federal judge ruled that parents are free to give any surnames they wish to their children.
So , for the last few decades , more parents are not giving their children the family 's sur- names .Some insist that while it ' s OK for a boy to have the father ' s family name, a girl should have the mother' s family name . Thus, Philip Gaylord and Pan Zimmitti could be brother and sister. Some parents think that using family surname is old —fashioned and boring. One couple gave their son the last name Sue because they like the Johnny Cash song," A Boy Named Sue." And finally, some parents think that giving their children different surnames is just a "neat thing to do". So the first son of a New York family has the last name Washington —Lincoln, after the two famous presidents. The daughter has the last name Anthony—Tubman after two women who fought for women's rights.
This change in naming customs presents two problems. First, if each person in the family has a different last name, family records will be very confusable. It will be hard to track a person's family, and record keeping will be difficult .Second, some physiologists are afraid that different surnames will threaten family unity. Since names have an important effect on one's identify (身份) , they think brothers and sisters will not feel connected if they have different last names.
So this problem of names will get worse as new and different last names increase. Get ready to meet Welcome Baby Darling , sister of Aren't We Glad , You ' re Here and It ' s About Time.
1．In America, ________to give children different surnames these days.
A．it is allowed by the law B．it breaks the law
C．it is one of the customs D．it is unusual
2．In the second paragraph of the passage a "neat thing to do" means________.
A．a good thing to do B．a terrible thing to do
C．a dirty filing to do D．a clean thing to do
3．According to some psychologists, the different last names will let brothers and sisters feel they
A．enemies B．as close as before
C．good fiends D．separated
4．From the last paragraph, we can see the author _____this change in naming customs.
A．is for B．is against C．doesn't care D．doesn't notice
"Life is speeding up. Everyone is getting unwell."
This may sound like something someone would say today. But in fact, an un-known citizen who lived in Rome in AD 52 wrote it.
We all love new invention .They are exciting, amazing and can even change our lives.
But have all these developments really improve the quality of our lives?
Picture this: You're rushing to finish your homework on the computer. Your mobile phone rings, a QQ message from your friend appears on the screen, the noise from the television is get- ting louder and louder. Suddenly the computer goes blank and you lose all your work.. Now you have to stay up all night to get it done. How calm and happy do you feel?
Inventions have speeded up our lives so much that they often leave us feeling stressed and tired .Why do you think people who live far away from noisy cities, who have not telephones, no cars, not even any electricity often seem to be happier ? Perhaps because they lead simpler lives.
One family in the UK went “back in time "to see what life was like without all the inventions we have today. The grandparents, with their daughter, and grandsons Benjamin, 10, and Tomas, 7, spent nine weeks in a 1940s house. They had no washing machine, microwave, computer or mobile phones.
The grandmother, Lyn, said, "It was hard physically, but not mentally.” She believed life was less materialistic．"The more things you have , the more difficult life becomes .”She said．The boys said they fought less to fight over, such as their computer. Benjamin also noticed that his grandmother had changed from being a "trendy (时髦的) , beer-drinking granny , to one who cooked things."
Here are some simple ways to beat the stress often caused by our inventions!
Don't be available all the time. Turn off your mobile phone at certain times of the day .Don't check your e-mail every day.
Don't reply to somebody as soon as they leave a text message just because you can. It may be fun at first, but it soon gets annoying.
1．The passage is mainly about________.
A．problem with technology
B．improvements of our life with technology
C．the important roles technology plays in our everyday life
D．major changes which will be likely to happen to technology
2．The writer quoted (引用) what a citizen in ancient Rome said at the beginning of the story in order to________.
A．share a truth about life
B．tell us what life was like long time ago
C．make us wonder what causes such a thing to happen
D．point out that you experience some big problems and they may be the same
3．Why did the family choose to spend some time in a 1940's house? Because ________.
A．they liked to live simple lives
B．they were curious about how people lived without modern inventions
C．they were troubled by modern inventions
D．living in a different time would be a lot of fun for them
4．What do you think the underlined word "available" in the first suggestion offered by the writer mean?
A．Busy on line. B．Free.
C．Be able to. D．Be found by others
The great advantages of the electric train over the steam train, I think, are that it does not smell. When one is in a ( 1 ) drawn by a steam locomotive ( 机车 ) , one always has the (2) smell of burning coal around one . If one opens the window to look out at the ( 3 ) and to get some fresh air , one is ( 4 ) with little bits of coal-ash which get into one ' s hair and eyes , and
soon force one to shut the window again and withdraw (退缩) into the ( 5) atmosphere of one ' s compartment (车厢) . In a tunnel ,（6）distress reaches a peak , for there the smoke is forced into a ( 7 ) area , from which it escapes into the train itself through any small cracks ( 缝隙 ) it may （8 ）. In a long tunnel , the （9 ）grows worse and worse , while one 's eyes smart (刺痛 ) and the electric light in the carriage grows no longer (10 ), hidden behind the smoke.
With an electric locomotive, on the other hand, one can enjoy the view and the fresh air without inconvenience. I really think that one gets part of the extra (11 ) out of traveling through the Alps or Tyrol by train for the simple ( 12 ) that the trains there are ( 13 ) operated , so that the traveler who ( 14 ) become used to having his air dirtied by ( 15 ), and considers such a condition as ( 16 ) , believes that there is something extra-special about the Tyrolese air . Of course, (17 ) air is purer and fresher than the air of the plains, (18 ) the smoke of a steam train (19 ) not allow this condition to (20) .
1．A．boat B．car C．train D．truck
2．A．slight B．sweet C．unpleasant D．natural
3．A．view B．people C．wheels D．street
5．A．impure B．friendly C．informal D．warn
6．A．one's B．his C．its D．their
7．A．tidy B．open C．small D．special
8．A．have B．get C．receive D．find
9．A．smell B．road C．noise D．scenery
10．A．blinding B．bad C．dull D．bright
11．A．joy B．money C．time D．work
12．A．impression B．rule C．theory D．reason
13．A．quickly B．confidently C．smoothly D．electrically
14．A．will B．can C．has D．should
15．A．smoke B．sand C．dust D．gas
16．A．terrible B．normal C．disagreeable D．unusual
17．A．village B．suburb C．mountain D．forest
18．A．but B．or C．for D．so
19．A．should B．would C．must D．need
20．A．improve B．remain C．change D．disappear
_________ made him worried.
A．Not known how to do it B．Unknown what to do
C．Our Knowing not how to do D．Our not knowing how to do it
Our headmaster and secretary _______ mother has been in hospital ________kind and strict.
A．whose ; is B．who ;are C．whom ; was D．as; were
Don't _______ that all those who get good grades in the entrance examination will prove to be most successful.
A．take as granted B．take this for granted
C．take that for granted D．take it for granted
_______ at the news that I didn't know what to say to comfort her.
A．So sad she looked B．So sad did she look
C．So sadly she looked D．So sadly did she look
The number of registered participants in this year's marathon was half _________.
A．that of last year's B．those of last year's
C．those of last year. D．of last year's
Before the war broke out, many people ______ in safe places possessions they couldn't take with them.
A．threw away B．give away C．put away D．carried away
Everyone fails now and then. It is how you react that makes a________ in life.
A．development B．point C．progress D．difference
—Shall I book a table for the dinner?
— ________. The restaurant won't be full this evening.
A．Yes, you may B．No, you mustn't C．No, you needn't D．I'd rather not
________, Robert is in charge, but ________ practice Hannah runs the office.
A．Official; in B．Officially; in C．Official; on D．Officially; on
— It's your favorite?
— On the contrary, it's the ________ place that I want to visit.
A．last B．worst C．best D．latest
Write a letter______ Wang Ling to Mr. Smith, who works for the newspaper 21st century.
A．replace of B．in spite of C．in charge of D．in the name of
It was not until she had arrived home ________ her appointment_______ the lawyer.
A．did she remember ; to B．that she remembered ; with
C．when she remembered ; with D．where she remembered ; to
Susan , ________ university student from Europe , teaches me _____ art in her spear time.
A．an ;不填 B．a ; the C．a ; 不填 D．an ; the