高中英语 辽宁省鞍山一中,东北育才中学等六所名校2014-2015学年高一上学期期末联考试卷 试题及答案.doc
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  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2015-07-27
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    No two cultures are the same. The American and Indian cultures have very vast differences between them. While the culture of America is a mixture of different cultures, the Indian culture is unique and has its own values.

    One of the major differences that can be seen between American and Indian culture is in family relations. While the Indians are very much family oriented, the Americans are individual oriented. In Indian culture, the family values are given more importance than the individual values. Indians respect family values. On the other hand, in American culture the individual values get more importance than the family values.

    In another sense, it can be said that the American culture is more goal oriented and the Indian culture is more people or family oriented. Indians may even forsake their individual wishes and also happiness for the sake of families. But in American culture, this trend cannot be seen.

    Unlike the Indians, the Americans plan things ahead. The Americans believe in controlling nature and controlling the world around them. On the contrary, Indians believe in the harmony with nature.Another difference that can be seen between Indian culture and American culture is that the Indians love stability while the Americans love mobility.

    In American culture, one can see that the individuals think of independence. On the other hand, Indians are more dependent on others. While the children in the US are brought up to live an independent life, the children in India are not brought up in that way. In Indian culture, there is respect for the elders and it is they who make decisions. But in American culture, each individual makes his own decisions.

    Coming to competition, Indians are more competitive than the Americans. Coming to work nature, the Indians work for meeting the family needs. On the contrary, an American will only strive to rise on his own capacity(能力). Another difference that can be seen is that Americans have a great regard for time and its value. But Indians are different.

    21.     From Paragraph 2, we know that compared to Americans, Indians.

    A.  pay more attention to themselves.

    B.  are more committed to(担负责任) their families

    C.  attach less importance to their culture

    D.  don’t value so many things in their life

    22.     What does the underlined work “forsake” in Paragraph 3 mean?

    A.  give up    B.  show off    C.  expose something to    D.  take up

    23.     What is implied about children in India?

    A.  They often struggle to become independent.

    B.  They usually don’t show much respect to the elderly.

    C.  They are usually not encouraged to make decisions.

    D.  They are taught to depend on themselves from an early age.

    24.     What’s the writer’s purpose in writing the passage?

    A.  To help us become interested in different cultures in the world.

    B.  To prove that American culture is a mixture of different cultures.

    C.  To explain why Indian culture is different from American culture.

    D.  To compare the differences between Indian and American cultures.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2015-07-27
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    How manytimes have you beenreading anonline article in English only to discover that you don’t know the exact meaning of an important word? Or how many times have you been writing an essay in English only to find you don’t have the exact word you are looking for to express yourself completely? If you have ever faced either of these situations, you should consider downloading the free dictionary, WordWeb.

    The first step in downloading WordWeb is navigating to the download website, where you will find the latest version and see that over 9,000,000 people have downloaded WordWeb.

    The second step in downloading WordWeb is clicking “Download Now”. Then a pop-up screen will provide you with a destination for the file. Unless you already have a directory where you store all your downloaded files, I recommend saving the file to the desktop. On a phone line connection, this download process may take half an hour, but with a good connection on campus, it will take only a few minutes.

    The third step is setting it up. After the download completes, just find the file on our desktop and double-click it. You will have several options in the installation(安装)process. One important option is whether you want WordWeb to load into your system tray() when you start your computer. I recommend that you answer “yes” to this option, so when you use WordWeb, the dictionary will appear instantly. Setting up WordWeb is easy. You should experiment with the variety of options until you are satisfied with your WordWeb.

    In sum, WordWeb is an excellent dictionary. If you navigate to the download site, download the file, and install it exactly as I have described, you will have an excellent, free dictionary on your computer. This means that you will never have problems again reading or writing in English because of an unknown word.

    25.     What can be inferred from Paragraph 2?

    A.  WordWeb is well received.

    B.  There is a download limit.

    C.  Sometimes the website is busy.

    D.  Only the latest version is available.

    26.     According to the passage, which of the following sentences is true?

    A.  The download process will just take several minutes with a good connection on campus.

    B.  We should download WordWeb if we don’t have the exact sentence to express ourselves.

    C.  We will have only one choice when we install WordWeb.

    D.  WordWeb is a very cheap dictionary.

    27.     If you have installed WordWeb on your computer, you.

    A.  can read any online article for free

    B.  will have no trouble in learning English

    C.  will express yourself properly in English

    D.  can find the exact meaning of a word easily

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:日常生活类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2015-07-27
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    Camping without a campfire is not camping at all. Late-night conversations and games around the campfire are essential for a pleasant camping experience. However, you ought to be aware of the fact that camping with a campfire is not all about fun. It needs a certain degree of responsibility. If you are planning to set up a campfire, or if you are planning to cook during camping, you should remember some fire safety tips.

    Choose a campsite which has a campfire pit(深坑). This will ensure that you will be capable of controlling your campfire. If there is no fire pit, set up your own. However, you should be careful not to place the fire pit near your camping tent.

    When you set up a campfire, make sure that you put the campfire materials in the right order. This can help you make sure that there will be no flying debris(碎片) once you light your fire. Put the light materials first such as paper or dry leaves. Then, put the wood. Finally, make sure that you place stones around the campfire pit.

    Never burn plastics or other poisonous materials, which will disturb your neighboring campground guests. It will also significantly pollute the air and promote the risk of fire spreads. Do not use petrol every time you attempt to light your campfire. Use it only when all the other fire-making options fail.

    Once your campfire is set up, do not leave the flame unattended. Before you leave your campsite or before you go to bed, make sure that your campfire is completely out. Leaving fire unattended runs high risks of forest fires and the like.

    28.     The underlined sentence in the first paragraph implies.

    A.  camping with a campfire is all about fun

    B.  it is perfect to go camping without a campfire

    C.  a campfire is the most important thing when camping

    D.  a campfire may light the camp and be used for cooking

    29.     Paper or dry leaves must be put under wood, so you can.

    A.  light a campfire easily

    B.  make wood and dry leaves burn easily

    C.  have them burnt completely and effectively

    D.  prevent them from flying away from the fire pit

    30.     What does the underlined word “it” in Paragraph 4 refer to?

    A.  Promoting the risk of fire spreads.

    B.  Burning plastics or other poisonous materials.

    C.  Disturbing your neighboring campground guests.

    D.  Never burning plastics or other poisonous materials.

    31.     What would be the best title for the text?

    A.  Dangerous campfires.

    B.  Beautiful campfires.

    C.  Fire safety tips during camping.

    D.  Pleasant camping experiences.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:社会现象类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2015-07-27
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    There was some trouble in space over the weekend. On Thursday May 9, flakes of frozen ammonia() were seen drifting form the International Space Station(ISS). The team on board immediately prepared for a spacewalk to look into the issue. Two days later, on Saturday, two astronauts stepped outside the ISS to investigate(调查) the leak. The chief suspect was an old ammonia pump.

    Thomas Marshburn and Christopher Cassidy conducted the search, but did not discover any visible damage. “All the pipes look shiny clean,” Cassidy reported as he used a mirror to peer into the tight, deep openings. Even so, the astronauts removed the old pump and replaced it with a new one.

    Ammonia is used on the ISS to cool the spacecraft’s electronic equipment. NASA said this leak did not pose a safety threat to the six space station residents(常驻居民). But problems with the cooling system could threaten experiments and equipment.

    It is still not clear why exactly the leak erupted(喷发). NASA speculates(推测) that a microscopic piece of space matter struck the space station, leaving a tiny crack in the ammonia pump. Another possibility is that there was simply a leaky seal in the pipe. Either way, “there’s nothing to lose by putting in a fresh pump and pressing ahead with additional detective work,” said Mission Control.

    The ISS was launched into orbit in 1998. Since 2000, a crew of astronauts and scientists has continuously occupied it. While in orbit, the international team of astronauts could perform scientific research and data about conditions in the Milky Way and beyond. Many of their experiments focus on human’s ability to live and work in space over long periods of time.

    NASA astronauts Tom Marshburn and Chris Cassidy completed the May 11 spacewalk in 5 hours and 30 minutes. While these astronauts have performed some amazing tasks, NASA has never before staged a spacewalk so quickly. Marshburn has been on the space station since December, and Cassidy is a new arrival to the ISS. While the leaky pump mystery continues to puzzle the ISS team, they hope further investigations will provide answers. “This type of event is what the years of training were for,” space station commander Chris Hadfield said on Friday.

    32.     From Paragraph 2 we learn that.

    A.  it is impossible to peer into deep openings

    B.  it is very difficult to replace a pump

    C.  it was not easy to find the damage

    D.  some pipes have become too old

    33.     What is the main use for ammonia on the ISS?

    A.  To prevent astronauts on the ISS from feeling too hot.

    B.  To prevent pumps on the ISS from getting old quickly.

    C.  To help astronauts stay safe when there is damage to the space station.

    D.  To prevent the spacecraft’s electronic equipment from becoming too hot.

    34.     It is implied in Paragraph 4 thatMission Control.

    A.  thinks changing the pump is necessary

    B.  wants to keep the cause of the problem secret

    C.  is sure that the space station has been struck

    D.  no longer wants to find out the cause of the problem

    35.     What does the last paragraph suggest about the recent spacewalk?

    A.  It took too much time.

    B.  It was really dangerous.

    C.  It was quite satisfactory.

    D.  It wasn’t amazing enough.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:5 入库时间:2015-07-27
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    Ways to spend more time together

    August is Family Fun Month! For many of today’s work-focused families, it may come as a surprise that spending regular, quality time together is one of the best ways to improve your family’s health and well-being. Here are a few simple, fun and creative tips on spending more quality time together.

      36   If work and activity schedules are making family time or meals together impossible, check to see if you can adjust or even remove some commitments. What can you change to make more time together? If evenings are out, what about making breakfast time or weekends the new family time?

    Turn off the TV. Turning off the television or computers may be one of the best (and easiest) ways to improve your time together.   37   Movie nights can also be a fun and inexpensive way to spend time together, but try not to make sitting in front of the television your only family ritual(惯例)!

    Volunteer together.   38   Is there a local soup kitchen, a special event or an animal shelter that can use your help? Check online for more ideas!

    Make time for table talk. Mealtime is perfect for family conversation, so long as you’re open to new topics!   39   Try using this time to engage your children in ideas that excite them and give yourself an opportunity to learn more about their other interests.

    Read bedtime stories. It is perfect for one-to-one time.   40   Many experts suggest reading to your child for at least 20 minutes a day, even after kids can read themselves.

    A.  Check priorities(优先考虑的事).

    B.  Make the most of little opportunities.

    C.  As a family, discuss places where you can make a difference to others.

    D.  You can also make a recording that they can play in the morning.

    E.  Sometimes we don’t want to talk about work or school after a long day.

    F.  Take turns reading aloud to one another, or just let your child listen to your voice.

    G.  Instead of sitting in front of the TV every night, try taking a walk or a bike ride together.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:七选五题型
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