高中英语 2015年云南省第一次高中毕业生复习统一检测试卷 试题及答案之二.doc
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  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2015-09-23
    来源:

    There's a great article in the New York Times this week about the tradition of buying a coffee for a stranger at the same time that you buy your own. They call it caffè sospeso, the name for "suspended (暂留的) coffee" in its birthplace. In some cafes, folks in need may claim a suspended coffee and drink it without cost.

    No doubt the free coffee will be welcomed by people who love coffee but for one reason or another don't have the money to buy one. But I also like the opportunity it offers customers to become philanthropists (慈善家). Every time they order a coffee, they can give one to somebody in need.

    This is a tradition that began some 100 years ago in Naples, Italy. In Naples, as reported by the Times, people love this kind of giving:

    "To me, the philosophy of the suspended coffee is that you are happy today, and you give a coffee to the world, as a present." — Luigi Solito

    "It's a simple act of generosity: an act in which donors and recipients (接受者) never meet each other. The donor doesn't show off and the recipient doesn't have to show gratitude." —Laura Cozzolino

    "Coffee consumptions started earlier than the unification (统一) of Italy by more than 200 years, so the traditions around it are very ancient. In Naples, coffee is a world in itself, both culturally and socially." — Andrea Illy

    The practice of buying suspended coffees has grown in popularity — with websites popping up and hundreds of cafes from Canada to Brazil to Hungary to the US offering the service.

    1. Who are suspended coffees intended for?

    A. Cafe goers.                    B. People who can't afford a coffee.

    B. Philanthropists.                 D. Coffee lovers who live in Naples.

    2. How can someone get a suspended coffee?

    A. He can ask for one in any cafe.

    B. He can apply for one on websites.

    C. He can buy one in a cafe offering the service.

    D. He can drink one in a cafe that has prepaid coffees.

    3. What does Laura Cozzolino think of buying suspended coffees?

    A. She thinks it is a great way of charity.

    B. She thinks it is a cheap gift to strangers.

    C. She thinks it is an ancient Italian custom.

    D. She thinks it is spreading widely in the world.

    4. The underlined words in Paragraph 1 are words of ______.

    A. French        B. Old English                  C. Italian         D. American English

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2015-09-23
    来源:

    If the hackings (黑客行为) taught us anything in 2014, it's actually nothing.

    Password management firm SplashData released its list of the worst passwords of the year and it's just as terrible as you'd think. The most common leaked password in 2014 was "123456," followed by "password" — both topped the list the year before, too.

    While numbers were as popular as ever as passwords, sports terms like “baseball" and "football" were used more often. Birthday years were common too (especially 1989, 1990, 1991 and 1992) and names like "Michael", "Jennifer" and "Hunter" are also among the top 100 worst passwords of 2014.

    Here's a look at the top 10 worst passwords of the year:

    1. 123456 (Unchanged from 2013)               6. 234567890 (Unchanged)

    2. password (Unchanged)                             7. baseball (New)

    3. 12345 (Up 17)                                           8. dragon (New)

    4. 12345678 (Down 1)                                  9. football (New)

    5. qwerty (Down 1)                             10. monkey (New)

    This year's worst passwords are painfully weak, but what were once considered clever password strategies — using symbols, capitalizations, the number 3 in place of the letter "e" — are old tricks.

    It's now recommended to pick a different password for each account you use — you wouldn't use the same key in all of your locks, and the same goes for passwords.

    Companies like Facebook, Twitter and Apple are now trying to make hacking more difficult on their services by offering two-factor authentication (认证), which is basically like double locking your door at night. Each time you want to log into (登录) that account, the company will send a code to your phone — it changes after each login attempt, so hackers would have to be in physical possession of your smartphone to know the code.

    5. What can we learn from the text?

    A. Hackers leaked many more passwords in 2014.

    B. Symbols were among the top 10 worst passwords.

    C. 123456 was the most common leaked password in both 2013 and 2014.

    D. People are getting more experienced in picking their passwords.

    6. How many passwords were ranked lower on 2014's top 10 worst password list?

    A. One.             B. Two.                        C. Three.                D. Four.

    7. What is recommended in the text to have safer passwords?

    A. Using long and strange passwords.                  B. Changing passwords regularly.

    C. Replacing "e" by "3" when setting passwords.

    D. Choosing different passwords for different accounts.

    8. To fight against hacking, some companies ______.

    A. don't accept weak passwords                  B. double lock their doors at night

    C. combine the password with a code to prove one's identity

    D. prevent hackers from stealing customers' smartphones

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:广告布告类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:5 入库时间:2015-09-23
    来源:

    Welcome to our homepage!

    We've teamed up with two travel agencies to give members of our club the chance to win a holiday to the South of France or one to the Maldives.

    The winner and their three guests will enjoy a seven-night getaway (逃离) at the Villa Le Priotlet — a centuries old stone villa (别墅) set on the banks of the Dordogne River. This property has been lovingly restored and furnished, and is ideal for small families to relax surrounded by peaceful views and gentle countryside. The beautiful gardens surrounding the property are full of seasonal treats for you to pick and enjoy, including figs, pears and grapes. The property is also situated just 15 minutes from the UNESCO World Heritage site of Saint-Emilion, which has been producing some of the world's best wine since Roman times.

    We'll also give another lucky member a seven-night stay for two people on their island tour to the Maldives. With white sand beaches, coconut trees and blue warm seas, the Maldives is a must-see destination. Accompanied by a local guide, guests have the chance to combine island life with cultural activities, as well as experiencing all those things for which the Maldives are famous: diving and snorkeling (潜水) and relaxation. The guesthouse accommodation is handpicked (精选) to provide a balance of comfort, good service and local atmosphere.

    To enter this competition, click on "enter competition" in the information box below.

    9. The free holiday in France includes ______.

    A. accommodation at an ancient villa             B. fresh fruit, vegetables and meat

    C. the best French wine                                 D. admission to Saint-Emilion

    10. What can people do in the Madives if they win the holiday there?

    A. They can enjoy countryside views.

    B. They can adventure some water sports.

    C. They can stay at a guesthouse on the beach.

    D. They can visit local families to experience island life.

    11. Where can we find the text?

    A. In a guidebook.              B. In a brochure.         C. On a website.     D. In a magazine.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:广告布告类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:5 入库时间:2015-09-23
    来源:

    Speak confidently and think logically. Year 13 schoolboy Arunabh Prakash can't agree more. Anmabh is one of the five students that will represent New Zealand at the 26th World Schools Debating Championships (WSDC) to be held in Thailand from August 5 to l5 this year.

    "You've got to be persuasive, regardless of the fact that you believe in a topic or not," says the 17-year-old.

    "There are a lot of speakers who are eloquent (雄辩的) but find it difficult to think logically and then there are those who have a good argument but can't deliver."

    Endurance (忍耐) is another quality he says one must have in the heated arena (赛场) of expressing opinions and ideas.

    "There are times when you have to debate for five hours at a go and are completely exhausted. It's quite intense. You must have the energy to debate for long hours," says Arunabh, who began debating in year 10.

    The WSDC is a debating competition in the world for high school students from different countries. It involves four prepared debates and four impromptu debates — debates without specific preparations.

    To gain selection for the national team for the global final, Arunabh had to compete with regional teams. Despite the mounting pressure, he says he was confident of winning.

    "We didn't loose a debate in the first two days. And we had a very strong team. We were confident of our ability to win," he says.

    12. What can we know about Arunabh from the text?

    A. He started debating at the age of ten.

    B. He is on his country's national debating team.

    C. He argues only on the topics that he believes in.

    D. He is unsure of winning the debating competition.

    13. According to Arunabh, what are important in debating?

    A. Eloquence and logic thinking.               B. Confidence and dreams.

    C. Endurance and experience.                     D. Talent and teamwork.

    14. The WSDC is a debating competition ______.

    A. based in Thailand                         B. for young New Zealanders

    C. with prepared and unprepared debates             D. lasting for five days

    15. Which of the following can be the best title for the text?

    A. The Skills of Debating

    B. Growing from the Regional Team

    C. Schoolboy to Compete on the International Stage

    D. The 26th World Schools Debating Championships

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:教育类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:9 入库时间:2015-09-23
    来源:

    If I could give everyone one piece of advice about the college application process, it would be this:   16 

    Be different from the beginning. Don't wait until the summer after junior year, or worse, the fall of senior year to begin this process.   17   You might be seeing the stress in seniors who are frantically (疯狂地) visiting colleges, writing essays, and completing applications.

      18   Do some research and think beyond the "usual suspects" (备选) before you find the most suitable choice. Colleges compare students from the same high school with the same measuring stick since they read all the applications together. If your coursework and test scores don't look good enough, it will be more challenging to be accepted. However, your leadership or special talents may be more impressive if you are one of only a few students applying to a certain college.

    Be different in the activities you choose and follow your interests, not your friends.   19   It could be tutoring, the environment, dancing, writing, or starting a business, but take part for the right reasons. Your activities should be meaningful and tell a story about who you are.

    Be different in what you write about in your essay to stand out. It is the one tool that gives you total control, so use it wisely. Write what you want them to know about you, not what you think they want to read. Brainstorming your essay topic is a self-reflection process.   20   Find something unique.

    A. Try to develop your talents.

    B. Be different in preparing your college list.

    C. Stay away from topics that everyone writes about.

    D. Dare to be different.

    E. Imagine what people are usually interested in.

    F. Starting early will relieve much stress.

    G. Find something that matters to you or something you care about.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:七选五题型
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