高中英语 辽宁省沈阳铁路实验中学2015-2016学年高一上学期第二次月考试题及答案.doc
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  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2016-01-28
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    Do you love the holidaysbut hate the pounds that follow? You are not alone. Holidays are times for feasting and celebrating. Many people are worried about their weight. With proper planningthoughit is possible to keep normal weight during the holidays. Whether it is celebrating at the office party or sitting down for the traditional family dinnerregard eating as a time for tasting a variety of the foods. The idea is to enjoy the holidays but not to eat too much. You don't have to turn away from the foods that you enjoy.

    Here are some tips for preventing weight gain and maintaining physical fitness

    Don't skip meals. Before you leave homehave a smalllow-fat meal or snack. This may help to avoid getting too excited before delicious foods.

    Control portions. Use a small plate (about 10 inches) and put aside the large ones that may encourage you to “load up.” You should be most comfortable eating an amount of food about the size of your fist. Once you have your “tasting” servingmove away from the buffet(自助餐). Doing so will make it less tempting to be eating constantly as your appetite is inspired by the sight of food.

    Begin with soup and fruit or vegetables. Fill up beforehand on water-based soup and raw fruit or vegetables. Or drink a large glass of water before you eat to help you feel full.

    Stick to physical activity. Don't let exercise take a break during the holidays. A 20-minute walk after a meal can help burn off excess calories.

    Avoid high-fat foods. Dishes that look oily or creamy may have a large amount of fat. Choose lean meats. Fill your plate with salad and green vegetables. Use lemon juice instead of dessert or butter.

    1Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?

    AYou had better turn your attention away from delicious foods.

    BDrinking some water or soup before eating helps you eat less.

    CHolidays are happy days with pleasure but they may bring weight problems.

    DPhysical exercise can reduce the chance of putting on weight.

    2Which of the following CANNOT help lose weight according to the passage?

    ALean meats.                              BDessert or butter.

    CRaw fruit or vegetables.                    D Physical exercise.

    3Many people can't control their weight after the holidays mainly because they _______.

    Acan't help being tempted to eat constantly    Btake part in too many parties

    Cenjoy delicious foods                     Dcan't help turning away from the foods

    4If the passage appears in the newspaperyou think it should belong to ______ Column.

    AHolidays and Festivals                      BHealth and Fitness

    CFashion and Frontier                        DStudent Times Club

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:社会现象类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2016-01-28
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        It’s hard to find Alice Munro in the media. Even after she won the 2013 Nobel Prize in Literature, the Canadian writer just appeared for a quick interview and then dropped out of sight. On Dec 29, she still didn't seek the spotlight(聚光灯)when she was named one of the five Women of the Year by the Financial Times.

    In Munro's eyes, ordinary lives always hide larger dramas. So she records what we casually think of as the everyday actions of normal people. She often focuses on life in her hometown, a small village in Ontario which she is most familiar with. She writes about the ordinary things in the villagefox forming, trees filled in the Ontario wilderness, poor country alcohol and long last illnesses. Above all, she talks about girls and women who have seemingly ordinary lives but struggle against daily misfortune.

    She has a special talent for uncovering the extraordinary in the ordinary. These are ordinary people, ordinary stories, but she has the magic. Her precise language, depth of detail and the logic of her storytelling have made her stories inviting.

    Runaway, one of Munro’s representative works, is a good example of her writing style. One of the stories centers on the life of an ordinary woman Carla, who lives in a small Canadian town with her husband Clark. The story slowly forms a picture of Carla, trapped in a bad marriage, her unhappiness building into desperation until she decided to flee. The story of Carla is a story of the power and betrayals of love. It is about lost children and lots of chances that we can all find in life, There is pain beneath the surface, like a needle in the heart.

    Since she published her first collection of short stories in 1968, Munro has won many awards, with the Nobel Prize being her biggest honor. On Oct 10, 2013, the Nobel Prize committee named Munro the “master of the contemporary short story”.

    5We learn from Paragraph 1 that Alice Munro_____

    Adidn't get on well with the media         Bremained modest though very successful

    Cdidn’t value the title of Women of the Year  D. was surprised at winning the Nobel Prize

    6What makes Alice Munro’s stories fascinating according to the text?

    AHer writing techniques                      BThe complicated plots

    CThe humorous language                     DHer rich imagination

    7In her representative work Runaway, Carla_____

    Aleads a happy life with Clark                 Bis a faithful wife to her husband

    Closes all hopes for a better life                Dtries to run away from her husband

    8What is the text mainly about?

    AAlice Munro and her hometown               BThe awards Alice Munro won

    CAlice Munro and her writing style             DAlice Munro’s literary life

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:人物传记/故事类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2016-01-28
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    A small boy sat on the street with a hat by his feet. He held up a sign which said: “ I am blind, please help”. There were only a few coins in the hat.

    A man was walking by. He took a few coins from his pocket and dropped them into the hat. He then took the sign, turned it around, and wrote some words. He put the sign back so that everyone who walked by would see the new words. Soon the hat began to fill up. A lot more people were giving money to the blind boy. That afternoon the man who had changed the sign came to see how things were.

    The boy recognized his footsteps and asked :“Were you the one who changed my sign this morning? What did you write?” The man said: “I only wrote the truth. I said what you said but in a different way.”

    What he had written was: “Today is a beautiful day but I cannot see it.”

    Do you think the first sign and the second sign were saying the same thing? Of course both signs told people the boy was blind. But the first sign simply told people to help by putting some money in the hat. The second sign told people that they were able to enjoy the day, but the boy could not enjoy it because he was blind.

    The first sign simply said the boy was blind. The second sign told people they were so lucky that they were not blind.

    There are at least two lessons we can learn from this simple story.

    The first is: Be thankful for what you have. Someone else has less. Help where you can.

    The second isBe creative. Think differently. There is always a better way!

    9What was the boy doing on the street?

    A. He was selling his old hat.                     B. He was busy counting coins.

    C. He was begging for money.                    D. He was showing his handwriting.

    10How did the man help the blind boy?

    A. He took the boy's sign away.                B. He only gave the boy some money.

    C. He changed the words on the sign.           D. He asked others to help the blind boy.

    11The blind boy recognized the kind man by his ______ .

    A. words      B. smell     C. voice   D. Footsteps

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:人物传记/故事类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2016-01-28
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    Getting close to active or erupting volcanoes can be dangerous. But for Michael Rampino, it’s all in a day’s work. Rampino is a volcanologist, a scientist who studies volcanoes and how they affect our planet. Rampino has been close to red-hot lava flows (熔岩流) in Hawaii and explosive volcanoes in Indonesia. He knows when to get close to an active volcano and when to back away.

        Rampino wasn’t always a volcanologist. He worked for NASA for seven years. He studied rocks until he began to research climate change and the effects that volcanoes have on climate. He became interested in the subject. “Once I started working with volcanoes,” Rampino said, “I was hooked.”

        Rampino is a professor at New York University. As part of his job, he travels to areas where volcanoes have been active. “Active” means they have erupted within the past few centuries and probably will erupt again. Rampino studies the deposits (沉积物) of ash and other materials from the eruptions. The ash may hold clues to what happened to the Earth in the distant past. It may also help scientists predict what could happen to Earth’s climate in the future.

        Rampino doesn’t work alone. He works with a team of scientists who use computers to stimulate (模拟) the effects volcanoes have on Earth’s atmosphere.

    Being a volcanologist may be hard work, but it’s also fun. “It’s cool traveling the world studying “to understand the events that have shaped Earth’s history.”

    12. To Rampino, being close to active volcanoes is _____.

       A. adventurous but meaningful           B. scary but necessary

       C. impossible and unnecessary           D. dangerous but urgent

    13. The underlined word “hooked” in Paragraph 2 probably means “_____”.

       A. trapped         B. touched     C. frightened    D. attracted      

    14. Rampino’s study on volcanoes might help _____.

    A. warn people to protect the environment

      B. support the study of Earth’s future climate

    C. tell the future eruption time of the volcanoes

    D. reduce the possibility of the volcanoes’ eruptions

    15. In which part of a newspaper could we find this text? 

    A. History.        B.  People.    C. Climate.     D. Business.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:人物传记/故事类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:5 入库时间:2016-01-28
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    How to Learn a Foreign Language

    Spend the time!

    By far the most important factor is how much time you spend in learning the language. The more time you spend with the language, the faster you will learn.____ 16_____

    Focus on words and phrases!

    To build up your vocabulary, you’ll need lots._____ 17____ Learn these words and phrases through your listening and reading. Read online, using online dictionaries, and make your own vocabulary lists for review. Gradually you will be able to use them.

    ________18_________

    Listen wherever you are on your MP3 player. Read what you are listening to. Listen to and read things that you like, things that you can mostly understand. If you keep listening and reading, you will get used to the language.

    Take responsibility for your own learning!

    If you do want to learn the language, take control. Choose content of interest that you want to listen to and read. Seek out the words and phrases that you need to understand in your listening and reading._____ 19____ Discover the language by yourself. Talk when you feel like it. Write when you feel like it.

    Relax and enjoy yourself!

    Do not worry about what you cannot remember, or cannot yet understand, or cannot yet say. It does not matter.____ 20__ .The language will gradually become clearer in your brain, but this will happen on a schedule that you cannot control. Just make sure you spend enough time with the language.

    A.  Listen and read every day!

    B.  You are learning and improving.

    C.  That is the greatest guarantee of success.

    D.  Do not wait for someone else to show you the language.

    E.  Start to notice words and how they come together as phrases.

    F.  Soon you will run into your new words and phrases elsewhere.

    G.  This means spending time enjoyably connected to the language you are learning.

    题型:阅读填空  知识点:七选五题型
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