高中英语 乾安县第七中学2016届高三第一次摸底考试试题及答案.doc
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  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2016-01-29
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     Li Du is a 6yearold boy.  But his world is far removed from his contemporaries(同龄人). His mother died of AIDS in 2009 and his father, suffering from a terrible cough and fever, went off last summer. The HIV-positive boy lives at the end of a path on top of the mountain in his windowless, furniture-less, gray-brick house. His parents moved to the top of the mountain six years ago after both being diagnosed as HIV-positive. Dressed in torn clothes, Li Du's only relief is Lao Hei , his dog.

          The boy washes his clothes and cooks his own food at an age when his contemporaries are still being fed by their parents. Putting some rice and green vegetables into a pot and placing it on a stove made of several blocks, he starts a fire with amazing speed. He uses no oil or salt but still eats his meal with great enjoyment and sets aside a bit for his dog.

          Li Du is HIV-positive but has no clue what those letters mean. All he knows is that those who were once his friends have deserted him and doctors refused to help him when he accidentally tipped boiling water on his hands.

          "But my grandmother always comes to see me, " the boy says.  However, his 84 year-old grandmother will not say why she has not taken him to live with her and his uncles and aunts.

         He often sits in the open area in front of his home staring at the path that leads to the outside world, hugging his dog, lost in thought. He was in school but only for one term. The local primary school allowed him to take the preschool course for one term, but then they had to ask him to leave after his father was gone, considering the feeling of the other parents. He often takes out his old textbooks, touching them like little treasures.

          The latest news is that an old couple has decided to adopt Li Du and Lao Hei, as well as the chicken he is raising. The local Red Cross Association is also talking about providing proper medical care for him. But there is still one question that troubles the little boy:  "When can I go back to school? "

    21. Who stays with Li Du most of the time?

         A. His grandma.   B. His dog.        C. His friends.       D. The villagers.

    22. Which of the following statements is NOT true?

        A. Li Du takes care of himself.          

    B. Li Du's food is almost tasteless.

        C. Li Du has no idea what AIDS is.       

    D. Nobody is willing to help the boy.

    23. What is the best title of the passage?

        A. A Boy And His Books                 B. A Capable Boy

    C. A Boy Not To Be Forgotten           D. A Boy Lacking Medical Care

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:人物传记/故事类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2016-01-29
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    Metro Pocket Guide

    Metrorail (地铁)

    Each passenger needs a farecard to enter and go out .Up to two children under age five may travel free with a paying customer .

    Farecard machines are in every station .Bring small bills because there are no 

    change machines in the stations and farecard machines only provide up to $5 in 

    change.

    Get one ticket of unlimited Metrorail rides with a One Day Pass .Buy it from a 

    farecard machine in Metro stations .Use it after 9:30 a,m. until closing on weekdays , 

    and all day on weekends and holidays .

    Hours of service

    Open: 5 a.m.  Mon.-Fri .    7 a.m. Sat.-Sun.

    Close: midnight  Sun.-Thurs.

          3 a.m.  Fri.-Sat. nights

    Last train times vary . To avoid missing the last train, please check the last train

     times posted in stations

    Metrobus

    When paying with exact charge , the fare is $1.35.When paying with a SmarTripcard , the fare is $ 1.25.

    Fares for senior/disabled customers

    Senior citizens 65 and older and disabled customers may ride for half the regular

     fare .OnMetrorail and Metrobus , use a senior/disabled farecard or Smar/Trip  card

    For more information about buying senior/disabled farecard , SmarTripcards 

    and passes , please visit MetroOpensDoors .com or call 202-637-7000 and 202-637-8000.

    Senior citizens and disabled customers can get free guide on how to use proper 

    Metrobus and Metrorail services by calling 202-962-1100.

    Travel tips (提示)

    .Avoid riding during weekday rush periods –before 9:30 a.m. and between 4 and 6 p.m.

    . If you lose something on a bus or train or in a station, please call Lost &Found at 202-962-1195,

    24. What should you know about farecard machines?

    A. They start selling tickets at 9:30 a.m.

    B. They are connected to change machines .

    C. They offer special service to the elderly .

    D. They make change for no more than $5.

    25.At what time does Metrorail stop service on Saturday ?

    A. At midnight .            B. At 3 a.m.

    C. At 5 a.m.               D. At 7a.m.

    26. What is good about a SmarTrip card ?

    A. It is convenient for old people .

    B. It saves money for its users.

    C It can be bought at any time.

    D. It is sold on the Internet

    27.Which number should you call if you lose something on the Metro?

    A.202-962-1195             B.202-962-1100

    C.202-637-7000             D.202-637-8000

    题型:  知识点:
  • 难度: 使用次数:32 入库时间:2016-01-29
    来源:

    Now scientists have discovered the first evidence that the animals actually behave like their masters. Just like children, they adopt a “look and learn” approach which means they can mimic (模仿) human’s actions when going about their tasks.

    Biologists and psychologists at the universities of Vienna and Oxford designed an experiment to test the theory that dogs do have the ability to copy what they see, using a simple wooden box. In the study, ten owners showed their dogs how to open the wooden box, sometimes using their heads to push a handle and sometimes using their hands.

    In the first part of the test, five dogs were rewarded with a piece of sausage for copying their owners’ actions. The other five were rewarded with food for not copying, and using other methods. With each dog the experiment was repeated hundreds of times, and the time taken for a dog to get it “right” on 85 percent of attempts (17 goes out of 20) was recorded. The dogs encouraged to mirror their owners reached this point almost three times sooner on average than those rewarded for not copying them. In the second part of the test, all the dogs were only rewarded for copying the method their owners used. The five dogs previously rewarded for copying their owners reached the 85 percent mark more than twice as the other five.

    In a paper published in Proceeding of the Royal Societythey concluded, “Like humans, dogs can’t help imitating actions they see.” Going further, they said, “The results suggest the imitative (模仿的) behavior of dogs is shaped more by their developmental interactions with humans than by their evolutionary (进化的) history of domestication (驯化).”

    Caroline Kisko, from the Kennel club, said, “A dog’s behavior is influenced much like that of a child learning right from wrong and adopting similar patterns of behavior. We hope that owners understand the importance of their actions and use this knowledge to set good examples and therefore positively influence the behavior of their pets.”

    28. What’s the best title of the passage?

    A. Dogs Are Intelligent Animals        B. Dogs Are like Children Most

    C. Dogs Behave like Their Masters      D. Dogs Can Complete Simple Tasks

    29. The underlined part “they” in Paragraph 4 most probably refers to ________.

       A. the dogs’ masters           

    B. the magazine’s publishers

    C. all the people involved in the experiment

    D. the biologists and psychologists

    30. The researchers believe dogs’ imitative behavior comes mainly from ______.

    A. domestication            B. human rewards

    C. evolution                D. human-dog interactions

    31. What can be inferred from the last paragraph?

    A. Masters should influence their dogs as early as possible.

    B. A man’s bad behavior may influence his dog.

    C. Dogs can’t be influenced by men easily.

    D. Dogs always behave positively.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2016-01-29
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    With around 100 students scheduled to be in that 9 a.m. Monday morning lecture, it is no surprise that almost 20 people actually make it to the class and only 10 of them arc still awake after the first 15 minutes; it is not even a surprise that most of them are still in their pyjamas (睡衣). Obviously, students are terrible at adjusting their sleep cycles to their daily schedule.

    All human beings possess a body clock. Along with other alerting (警报) systems, this governs the sleep/wake cycle and is therefore one of the main processes which govern sleep behaviour. Typically, the preferred sleep/wake cycle is delayed in adolescents, which leads to many students not feeling sleepy until much later in the evenings. This typical sleep pattern is usually referred to as the "night owl" schedule of sleep.

    This is opposed to the "early bird" schedule, and is a kind of disorder where the individual tends to stay up much past midnight. Such a person has great difficulty in waking up in the mornings. Research suggests that night owls feel most alert and function best in the evenings and at night. Research findings have shown that about 20 percent of people can be classified as "night owls" and only 10 percent can be classified as "early birds" ----- the other 70 percent are in the middle. Although this is clearly not true for all students, for the ones who are true night owls this gives them an excellent excuse for missing their lectures which unfortunately fall before midday.

    32. What does the author stress in Paragraph 1 ?

    A. Many students are absent from class.

    B. Students are very tired on Monday mornings.

    C. Students do not adjust their sleep patterns well.

    D. Students are not well prepared for class on Mondays.

    33. Which of the following is true according to Paragraph 2?

    A. Most students prefer to get up late in the morning.

    B. Students don't sleep well because of alerting systems.

    C. One's body clock governs the sleep/wake cycle independently.

    D. Adolescents' delayed sleep/wake cycle isn't the preferred pattern.

    34. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the underlined word "classified"?

    A. Criticised.           B. Grouped.          C. Organised.           D. Named.

    35. What does the text mainly talk about?

    A. Functions of the body clock.                         

    B. The "night owl" phenomenon.

    C. Human beings' sleep behaviour.                  

    D. The school schedule of "early birds".

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:教育类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:5 入库时间:2016-01-29
    来源:

    Tips on how to save money

    It’s important for you teenagers to know how to save money. You know that the money you save can be for rainy days and be used to pay through your college education. If you think it’s a difficult task and don’t know how to do it, please do as the followings.

       36  

    My dad always tells me that if one doesn’t respect money, it will never respect you. Hence, it’s important that you keep a record of your daily expenses. Make it a habit to write down all that you have spent. And when you find out the total expenses at the end of the month, you will realize what you have spent more money in doing.    37  

    Open a savings account.

    Opening a savings account is a better way to save money. You can set a goal; say (for example), the money is for a new notebook or for college, and then save, until you have enough money to buy a notebook or until you go to college.    38  

    Do not carry much cash.

    Do you have the habit of not leaving a store without buying anything? The only way to stop that is carrying less money around with you. Go to the store with the minimum amount of money, which will not even help you buy a drink.    39  

    Save the changes.

    Save the changes that you get back. If you have gone to a shop to buy something and get back some changes, then do not spend them.    40    And you’ll be surprised at the huge amount of money after days.

    Follow these tips above, and thus you can save a lot of money. And surely, they’ll help you to be more responsible in your life.

    A. Keep a record of your daily expenses.

    B. After a few days, you’ll get rid of this habit.

    C. Instead, you can save them in your piggy bank.

    D. By that time, you will realize the importance of saving money.

    E. Saving money builds your financial power and personal freedom.

    F. Next month, you will automatically try and save more in that part.

    G. Nowadays in the developed and developing countries, people are all working for the sake of earning money.

    题型:阅读填空  知识点:七选五题型
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