高中英语黑龙江省牡丹江市第一中学2017届高三上学期开学摸底考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc
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  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2016-10-14
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    March 21 has been declared World Sleep Day, a time to recognize and celebrate the value of sleep. Many sleep experts hope it will be a wake-up call.

    According to a poll (民意调查)by the National Sleep Foundation, nearly 4 in 5 Americans don’t get as much sleep as they should during the workweek. On average, adults are thought to need at least eight hours of sleep a night, although some can manage with less and some won’t do well without more. But the survey found that, on workdays, only 21% of Americans actually get a full eight hours of sleep, and another 21% get less than six.

    To many of us, the thought of spending more time sleeping is, well, a big yawn. On the other hand, the thought of being smarter, thinner, healthier and more cheerful has a certain appeal. And those are just a few of the advantages that can be ours if we consistently get enough sleep, researchers say. Also on the plus side: We’re likely to have better skin, better memories, better judgment, and, oh, yes, longer lives.

    “When you lose even one hour of sleep for any reason, it influences your performance the next day,” says Dr. Alon Avidan, director of the UCLA Sleep Disorders Center.

    A study published last year found the same to be true even of children. When kids aged 8 to 12 slept for just one hour less for four nights, they didn’t function as well during the day.

    But sleeping has an image problem. “We see napping or sleeping as lazy,” says Jennifer Vriend, a clinical psychologist in Ottawa, Canada, and the leading author of the study with children. “We put so much emphasis on diet, nutrition and exercise. Sleep is in the back seat.” In fact, she adds, no matter how much we work out, no matter how well we eat, we can’t be in top physical shape unless we also get plenty of sleep.

    21. The underlined part in Paragraph 1 means _____.

    A.to wake up the sleepers

    B.to serve as a morning call

    C.to draw people’s attention

    D.to declare the special day

    22. From Paragraph 3 we can infer that _______.

    A.being healthier is one of the advantages for us

    B.enough sleep is the guarantee of the appealing things

    C.sleeping has nothing to do with one’s expectations

    D.spending more time on sleeping is a waste of time

    23. What Jennifer Vriend said in the last paragraph implies that _______.

    A.people care little about sleeping

    B.sleeping is an image problem

    C.lazy people tend to sleep long

    D.sleeping is only part of our life

    24. What is the purpose of the passage?

    A.to talk about people’s sleeping problems.

    B.to provide an investigation result of sleeping.

    C.to stress the function of sleeping at night.

    D.to arouse the awareness of enough sleeping.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:阅读理解-其他
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    While you are online there are plenty of perfectly legal sites where you can listen to music for free. This gives you the chance to listen to music before buying it, discover new music, and create great online playlists that you can share with others.

    The Sixty One

    The Sixty One is devoted to showcasing obscure or unknown artists of all genres. There’s a range of musical styles from classical to rock and roll, folk to jazz, and everything in between. Don’t expect to find big name musicians on here; you’re more likely to find the musicians playing at local coffee shops than bands you hear on the radio. You can find fantastic music that you never would have heard of otherwise.

    Pow Wow

    Pow Wows are the Native American people’s way of meeting together, to join in dancing, singing, visiting, renewing old friendships, and making new ones. This is a time method to renew Native American culture and preserve the rich heritage of American Indians. PowWows.com has 2 online radio stations that play Native American Music 24/7 free! Here you can listen to your favorite artists and drum groups on your computer or mobile device and add your music to our station.

    Playlist  

    Playlist has an enormous library, so you can create playlists with almost any musician you can think of. They have both some lesser known artists and big names, so you have a really good selection. The worst part: Due to licensing laws, many of the songs on Playlist are now restricted to certain countries. So unless you live inside the US, it is likely that you might not be able to find all of your favorite songs.

    Pandora

    Pandora is an intelligent Internet radio site. Basically, as you listen, you can give each song a thumbs up or thumbs down. You can create your own radio station that only plays music you like. The best part: It listens to your opinion, so that after a while it’s only playing music you like, but the list is always changing and expanding.

    My Space

    Combine a major social networking site with thousands of artists around the world. Each musician has their own page, which normally has a playlist of several of their songs. But it has a huge range of musicians ranging from huge stars to the up-and-coming, and you can listen to the music and interact with the rest of the page.

    25. If you enjoy listening to some new music, you can pay a visit to ______.

    A. The Sixty One   B. Playlist   C. Pow Wow     D. Pandora

    26. You can’t listen to some music on Playlist possibly because ______.

    A. you don’t have any playlist

    B. you are not one of the members of the website

    C. it is only open to those who are in the United States

    D. the music is played only by the local people.

    27. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?

    A. Create Your Own Playlist.         B. All Kinds of Music Online.

    C. Best Free Music Websites.         D. Listen to Music for free.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:阅读理解-其他
  • 难度: 使用次数:5 入库时间:2016-10-14
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    EVERYONE’S talking about it in American high schools. Whether they are hip-hop fans or just students or just students or teachers who listen to good music of any genre(类型), they all have one thing in common: an obsession with Hamilton, a hip-hop musical about the forgotten founding father of the United States on the $10 bill. What makes this musical so different from all the other ones?

    “Everybody is so excited about it.” Mark Madama, associate professor of musical theater at the University of Michigan, said, “It is something for the students. Hip-hop music is what they listen to when they are walking down the street and all of a sudden, now that is also the music that is in musical theater.”

    The full title of the show is Hamilton: An American Musical, and it tells the stories of Alexander Hamilton’s life: from a homeless orphan to Washington’s right hand man(得力助手), from an unknown to war hero. The idea of a Broadway musical about a founding father with hip-hop music has gotten enough attention on its own.

    One of the most amazing details of this phenomenon is that most of the students have never even seen it. Nazareth High School junior Maddy Schierl has never seen the show live but said she still relates to it deeply. “There is so much emotion in the music that I feel like I have experienced the show’s essence(本质)without even having to see it,” Schierl said.

    Students and teachers are finding other ways to fall in love with Hamilton, whether they do it through listening to its music, watching short videos on YouTube or even studying it in the classroom. Katja Stonebraker, who teaches AP US history at Cary-Grove High School, described the musical as “ a teacher’s dream”, Stonebraker plans to use Hamilton more in the future because of the interesting perspective it tells Hamilton’s story from.

    “ You see these old dead guys, and they are who you have to memorize and learn,” Stonebraker said,-But I think Hamilton makes history real and relatable.”

    28. The underlined word “obsession” in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to ______.

    A. strong enthusiasm   B. great respect  

    C. lack of interest      D. total surprise

    29. Hamilton is a musical that appeals to students because_______.

    A. its story is closely related to students’ lives today

    B. it uses hip-hop, which is very popular among students

    C. it has been specially designed to satisfy students’ tastes

    D. it tells interesting stories from the life of a founding father of the US

    30. The example of Maddy Schierl is used to ______.

    A. prove that Hamilton is very popular among students

    B give an example of people’s comments about Hamilton

    C. explore the controversies behind Hamilton’s popularity

    D. show that people can connect to Hamilton without seeing it

    31. Which of the following statements would Stonebraker probably agree with?

    A. Hamilton tells Hamilton’s story vividly and from a different viewpoint.

    B. Hamilton is the best teaching material she has ever used

    C. Every student will become more interested in history after seeing Hamilton.

       D. There will be more musicals about historical figures in the future.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:教育类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2016-10-14
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     A man walked into a small Irish pub and ordered three beers. Bartender was surprised, but he served that man three beers. One hour later the man ordered three beers again. The very next day that man ordered three beers again and drank quietly at a table. This repeated several times and shortly after the people of the town were whispering about the man, who was ordering three beers at once.

         A couple of weeks later, the bartender decided to clear this out and inquired: “I do not want to pry, but could you explain, why do you order three beers all the time?” The man replied: “It seems strange, isn’t it? You see, my two brothers live abroad at the moment, one – in France and another – in Italy. We have made an agreement, that every time we go to pub each of us will order extra two beers and it will help keeping up the family bond ”.

         Soon all the town have heard about the man’s answer and liked it a lot. The man became a local celebrity. Residents of the town were telling this story to newcomers or tourists and even invited them to that pub to look at Three Beer Man.

         However, one day the man came to pub and ordered only two beers, not three as usual. The bartender served him with bad feeling. All that evening the man ordered and drank only two beers. The very next day all the town was talking about this news, some people pray for the soul of one of the brothers, others quietly grieve.

     When the man came to pub the next time and ordered two beers again, the bartender asked him: “I would like to offer condolences to you, due to the death of your dear brother”. The man considered this for a moment and then replied: “Oh, you are probably surprised that I order only two beers now? Well, my two brothers are alive and well. It‘s just because of my decision. I promised myself to give up drinking.”

    32. The man ordered three beers all the time because _______.

       A. people were fond of drinking beers in this pub.

       B. he missed his two brothers living abroad very much.

       C. this would help him become a local celebrity.

       D. it was an agreement with his brothers to keep up the family bond.

    33. We can infer from the passage that______.

       A. news traveled fast in the town.   

       B. the man became famous in the town because he was a heavy drinker

       C. the man’s brothers liked drinking beer very much

       D. the man was strong-minded to give up drinking

    34. The bartender served the man with bad feeling because ________.

       A. he thought the man should order three beers

       B. he thought one of the man’s brothers had passed away

       C. he would earn less money

       D. the man decided to drink two beers

    35. The underlined word “condolences” in the last paragraph can be replaced

        by______.

    A. gratitude        B. sympathy     C. appreciation        D. surprise      

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:人物传记/故事类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2016-10-14
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      Recent research shows that listening to music improves our mental well-being and boosts our physical health in surprising and astonishing ways.  36  Here are some amazing scientifically-proven benefits of being hooked on music.

      Music reduces depression

      More than 350 million people suffer from depression around the world. A study by Hans Joachim Trappe in Germany demonstrated that music can benefit patients with depressive symptoms, depending on the type of music.   37    But techno and heavy metal brought people down even more. The next time you feel low, put on some classical or meditative music to lift your spirits.

          38   

      Research shows that taking music lessons predicts higher academic performance and IQ in young children. In one study, 6-year-olds who took keyboard or singing lessons in small groups for 36 weeks had significantly larger increases in IQ and standardized educational test results than children who took either drama lessons or no lessons.     39   

      Music keeps your brain healthy in old age

      A study with healthy older adults found that those with ten or more years of musical experience scored higher on cognitive tests than musicians with one to nine years of musical study. The non-musicians scored the lowest. Business magnate Warren Buffet stays sharp at age 84 by playing ukulele.     40   

    A. To help them achieve academic excellence, encourage them to sing or play an instrument.

    B. Musical training can help raise our IQs and even keep us sharp in old age.

    C. Music raises IQ and academic performance.

    D. It’s never too late to play an instrument to keep you on top of your game.

    E. Meditative sounds and classical music lifted people up.

    F. Music strengthens learning and memory.

    G. Music can make you happy every day.

    题型:未分类  知识点:七选五题型
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