In the United States, 30 percent of the people have a “weight problem”。To many people
the cause is obvious (明显的): they eat too much. But scientific evidence (证据) does little to support this idea. Going back to America of 1910, we find that people were thinner than today, yet they ate more food. In those days people worked harder physically, walked more, used machines much less, and didn’t watch television.
Several modern studies, moreover, have shown that fatter people don’t eat more on
average than thinner people. A 1979 study of 3,545 London office workers showed that
fat people eat less than slim (苗条的) people.
Studies also show that slim people are more active than fat people. A study by a
research group at Stanford University found the following interesting facts:
The more the man ran, the greater loss of the body fat，
The more they ran, the greater increase in food intake.
Thus, those who ran the most ate the most, yet lost the greatest amount of body fat.
1. Nowadays many Americans have the problem that ______.
A. they are too slim B.they work too fat C. they are too hard D.they lose too much body fat
2.According to the passage, how many people in 900 Americans have a“weight problem”?
A. 150. B. 300. C. 270. D. 600
3.Is there any scientific evidence to support the idea that eating too much is the cause of a “weight problem”?
A. Yes, there is plenty of evidence.
B. Of course, there is some evidence to support this.
C. We are not sure.
D. There is hardly any scientific evidence to support this.
4.The Americans in 1910 ________.
A. ate less food but had more physical activities
B. ate more food and had more physical activities
C. ate less food and had less physical activities
D. had more problems
A student is learning to speak British English. He wonders(想知道): Can I communicate(交际) with Americans? Can they understand me? Learners of English often ask: What are the differences between British and American English? How important are these differences?
Certainly, there are some differences between British and American English. There are a few differences in grammar. For example, speakers of British English say “in hospital” and “Have you a pen?” Americans say “in the hospital” and “Do you have a pen?”. Pronunciation is some times different. Americans usually sound theirs in words like “bird” and “hurt”. Speakers of British English do not sound theirs in these words. There are differences between British and American English in spelling and vocabulary. For example, “colour” and “honour” are British, “color” and “honor” are American.
These differences in grammar, pronunciation, spelling and vocabulary are not important, however. For the most part, British and American English are the same language.
5.American English and British English are different in __________.
A. spelling B. pronunciation C. grammar D. all of the above
6. What is NOT mentioned(提及) in the passage?
A. Whether there are differences between British English and American English.
B. Whether British English and American English are one language or two.
C. How the differences between British English and American English came about.
D. How important the differences are.
7. Most ______say “Do you have a watch?”
A. Americans B. British people C. children D. teachers
8 . According to this passage, British people and Americans have ______ difficulty in understanding each other.
A. little B. much C. some D. great
In 1620, about half the USA was covered by forests. Today the forests have almost gone. A lot of good land has gone with them, leaving only sand. China doesn't want to copy the USA's example. We're planting more and more trees. We've built the " Great Green Wall" of trees across northern part of our country. The Great Green Wall is 7,000 kilometres long, and between 400 and 1,700 kilometres wide. It will stop the wind from blowing the earth away. It will stop the sand from moving towards the rich farmland in the south. More "Great Green Walls" are needed. Trees must be grown all over the world. Great Green Walls will make the world better。
9. The Great Green Wall in China is ______.
A. 17,00 kilometers long
B. 7,000 kilometers long
C. 7,000 meters long
D. 400 kilometers long
10. Trees must be grown in ______.
A. every part of the world
B. the USA
C. some countries
11 .Which of the following statements is not true?
A.The Great Green Wall will stop wind from blowing the earth away.
B.The Great Green Wall will make our life better.
C.We don’t need to plant more trees.
D.The Great Green Wall will stop the sand moving towards the rich farmland.
Keeping pace with teachers is a fine way to study English. Teachers are experienced and their plans are systematic. But remember to work in a way that suits you. It"s important to learn from past mistakes as well. Keep a notebook to make a record of the mistakes you make－it"ll help you avoid making the same ones later.
The time of life may be hard，but you"re not alone. You may be busy studying，but you can show your care by calling your friends or sending short messages. Don"t let your friendships die.
It"s as important to live well as it is to study well. Going to bed no later than 11：30 pm is vital.It puts you in the right mood for the next day. You needn"t follow a special diet，but make sure you are eating nutritious meals each day.
The person who plays well，studies well. Having a lot of schoolwork doesn"t mean having to give up other activities. Playing basketball or having a talk with your classmates can relax yourself. Time-out is not a waste of time but helps you study more efficiently.
Besides taking the big exam，you have other choices for college. I took the independent enrollment exam held by Peking University and some other students even were preparing to study abroad. Pay attention to any relevant information you can find，whether it"s from school，the news media or other sources.
12. What should you do if you want to keep your friendship fresh?
A．Have frequent talks with them.
B．Always have lunch with them.
C．Keep connection by some ways.
D．Remain them at some distance.
13. The third paragraph is mainly about________．
A．study B．friendship C．relaxation D．health
14.Which one is the closest meaning to the underlined word“Time_out” in Paragraph 4?
A．Sleep. B．Exercise. C．Pause. D．Continuation.
15. The passage is mainly written by a(n)________．
A．editor B．student C．teacher D．parent
M: Overseas Travel Agency. May I help you?
W: Yes, my husband and I are planning a vacation to an island. 【16】________．
M: Certainly. Off the top of my head, I would suggest the island of Bali.
M: At this time of year it rains a lot in most regions, but it is the dry season in Bali. 【18】________． And I must say that the shopping is absolutely great !
W: 【19】________．Jason loves to dive and I love to shop and eat. Can you tell me how much it will cost for the two of us?
M: It will take me a day or two to get accurate prices, but I will call you as soon as I do.
W: Thank you.【20】________．
M: I'll need your credit card number to make a reservation, but you won't actually have to pay for it until you get there.
W: That sounds great.
B．That sounds amazing!
C．Do you have any recommendations?
D．You can fly to the island.
E. Will we have to pay for it right away?
F. There are many scenic spots on the island.
G. Also, Bali is known for its surfing and diving.