Everyone needs friends. Friends bring us happiness and hope in our lives. But the ability to make friends changes from person to person. To some people, making friends is easy, and to others it’s very difficult.
Making friends is a skill, and the first thing is to know how to get along with others.
If you have trouble in making friends, maybe I can tell you how to do it.
★Realize your own good points. You have skills and talents that others will like.
★Believe that you are a good person and have something nice to share with others.
★Be humorous. Learn to laugh at yourself and your weakness. Remember to smile to others.
★Respect the others. Everyone has his own idea. Learn how to listen to others’ ideas without trying to make them accept yours.
★Be kind. If you are kind to others, they will usually be kind to you. There are hundreds of little things you can do to show kindness. Open the door for someone. Wave to a friend and so on.
★Don’t complain. Learn to accept what you can’t change, and work hard to change what you can. No one is willing to hear your complaining all the time.
★Never give up. Even if you are faced with some closed-minded people, never give up. And try to find someone who will understand you.
21. Why do we need friends according to the passage?
A. Friends can do everything for us. B. Friends can bring us happiness.
C. Friends accept our ideas all the time. D. Without friends we could not live.
22. What’s the first thing we should learn in order to make friends?
A. To help others. B. To smile to others.
C. To get along with others. D. To listen to others’ complaints.
23. Which of the following shows a sense of humour?
A. Opening the door for someone.
B. Complaining to others all the time.
C. Laughing at ourselves and our weakness.
D. Finding someone who will understand us.
24. How many pieces of advice does the writer offer when we have trouble in making friends?
A. Five. B. Seven. C. Nine. D. Eleven.
There are some stories behind English words.
You've spent a lot of time studying how to use English in a proper way. But have you ever wondered why English speakers say some of the things they say? For example, why do they say "an easy task" is "a piece of cake"? Why do the two letters "OK" means "all right"?
Many English words and phrases have stories behind them. Sometimes these stories can help us look back into an old western history. Let's take a look at a few of the original common English words and phrases:
"OK" was an American who lived in the 19th century. His name was "Old Kinderhook". In one year he was trying to take the place of the leader of his town. His supporters went around the town shouting " OK! OK!" The supporters thought their future leader was " all right". The expression caught on, and now if something is "all right”, people like to say "OK|"
Is your boss nice to you? If not, just be glad you weren't living in the old times. Back to that time, bosses could do anything bad to their men and could even beat them! That explains why the word "boss" comes from an old German word meaning "to beat".
A piece of cake
A famous American writer named Ogden Nash lived in the 1930s. Many readers enjoyed his poems and wrote them down in their notebooks. In one of his poems, Nash wrote, "Her picture's in the papers now and life's a piece of cake." His readers found these words interesting and quickly wrote them down. They thought that if one picture in a newspaper could make you famous, wouldn't life be easy? For nearly 70 years, "a piece of cake" has meant any task or activity that is easy.
25. Some English words can tell us stories about_________.
A. how people learned English B. how English speakers create the words
C. how people spoke English D. how people taught others to speak English
26. The word "boss" in old German means "_________".
A. to work B. to help C. to beat D. to kill
27. "OK" comes from "_________".
A. Old King B. Old Kindman C. Old Kinderhook D. Old Mcdonald
28. In this passage "a piece of cake" means "_________".
A. an easy task or activity B. a difficult task or activity
C. a simple newspaper to read D. a famous picture in a newspaper
Students are leaving the junior high school. What are they taking with them? A lot of things for sure, but the most important thing is friends.
We asked some teachers to give us one last lesson. The lesson is proverbs(谚语、格言) about friends. Proverbs teach people about life. Older people often teach proverbs to younger people. Every culture has proverbs. They are short and easy to remember.
Mrs Minelli says, “It is important to remember this Sicilian proverb, 'Only your real friends will tell you when your face is dirty.’ It means that only good friends tell you when you are making a mistake. "
Mr Schmidt says, "I have a favourite proverb about friends. ‘Friendship is a plant we must water.' It is German. It means that we need to take care of friends like we take care of a garden." Mr Tulga says, “My grandfather in Turkey told me, 'Nobody is so rich that he can throw away a friend.’ It means that everyone needs friends. Be good to them. "
The good news is: there is no test for this lesson. The bad news is: we will miss you. Goodbye, friends! Don't forget us!
29. As the proverb says, _________will tell you when you are making mistakes.
A. real friends B. older people C. some teachers D. younger people
30. Which is the best proverb to the meaning “Take care of friends like we take care of a garden"?
A. A friend is easier lost than found.
B. Friendship is a plant we must water.
C. Nobody is so rich that he can throw away a friend.
D. Only your real friends will tell you when your face is dirty.
31. Which of the following is true from the passage?
A. Only some countries have their proverbs about friends.
B. After the last lesson, the students will have a test for it.
C. If you are rich enough, you can throw away your friends.
D. Proverbs are usually short, and they teach people about life.
32. The writer of the passage mainly wants us to know_________.
A. some proverbs about culture B. ways to take care of a friend
C. the importance of friendship D. students' feelings in the last lesson
When I was about 12, I had an enemy, a girl who liked to point out my shortcomings(缺点). Week by week her list grew: I was very thin, I wasn’t a good student, I talked too much, I was too proud, and so on. I tried to hear all this as long as I could. At last, I became very angry. I ran to my father with tears in my eyes.
He listened to me quietly, then he asked. “Are the things she says true or not? Janet, didn’t you ever wonder what you’re really like ? Well, you now have that girl’s opinion. Go and make a list of everything she said and mark the points that are true. Pay no attention to the other things she said.”
I did as he told me. To my great surprise, I discovered that about half the things were true. Some of them I couldn’t change (like being very thin), but a good number I could—and suddenly I wanted to change. For the first time I go to fairly clear picture of myself.
I brought the list back to Daddy. He refused to take it.“That’s just for you,” he said.“You know better than anyone else the truth about yourself. But you have to learn to listen, not just close your ears in anger and feeling hurt. When something said about you is true, you’ll find it will be of help to you. Our world is full of people who think they know your duty. Don’t shut your ears. Listen to them all, but hear the truth and do what you know is the right thing to do.”
Daddy’s advice has returned to me at many important moments. In my life, I’ve never had a better piece of advice.
33. What did the father do after he had heard his daughter’s complaint?
A. He told her not to pay any attention to what her“enemy” had said.
B. He criticized (批评) her and told her to overcome her shortcomings.
C. He told her to write down all that her“enemy” had said about her and pay attention only to the things that were true.
D. He refused to take the list and have a look at it.
34. What does “Week by week her list grew” in the first paragraph mean?
A. Week by week she discovered more shortcomings of mine and pointed them out to me.
B. She had made a list of my shortcomings and she kept on adding new ones to it so that it was
growing longer and longer.
C. I was having more and more shortcomings as time went on.
D. Week by week, my shortcomings grew more serious.
35. Which do you think would be the best title for this passage?
A. Not an Enemy, but the Best Friend B. The Best Advice I’ve Ever Had
C. My Father D. My Childhood
When I was 16 years old, a boy gave me an important present. 36
It was the early autumn of my first year at a junior high school, and my old school was far away. 37 I was very lonely, and afraid to make friends with anyone.
Every time I heard the other students talking and laughing, I felt my heart broken, I couldn’t talk with anyone about my problems. And I didn’t want my parents to worry about me.
Then one day, my classmates talked happily with their friends, but I sat at my desk unhappily as usual. 38 I didn’t know who he was. He passed me and then turned back. He looked at me, with a smile on his face. Suddenly, I felt the touch of something bright and friendly. It made me feel happy, lively and warm.
39 I started to talk with other students and made friends. Day by day, I became closer to everyone in my class. The boy with the lucky smile has become my best friend now!
One day I asked him why he smiled, but he couldn't remember smiling at me!
40 I believe that the world is what you think it is. If you think it lonely, you might always be alone. So smile at the world and it will smile back.
A. At that moment, a boy entered the classroom.
B. He’s living in Australia now and he loves it.
C. It doesn’t matter because all the dark days have gone.
D. It was a smile.
E. That smile changed my life.
F. It’s impossible to make friends here.
G. As a result, no one knew who I was.