Elizabeth Blackwell was born in England in 1821, and moved to New York City when she was ten years old. One day she decided that she wanted to become a doctor. That was nearly impossible for a woman in the middle of the nineteenth century. After writing many letters asking for admission(录取)to medical schools, she was finally accepted by a doctor in Philadelphia. She was so determined that she taught school and gave music lessons to get money for the cost of schooling.
In 1849, after graduation from medical school, she decided to further her education in Paris. She wanted to be a surgeon(外科医师) , but a serious eye problem forced her to give up the idea.
Upon returning to the United States, she found it difficult to start her own practice because she was a woman. By 1857 Elizabeth and her sister, also a doctor, along with another woman doctor, managed to open a new hospital, the first for women and children. Besides being the first woman physician and founding her own hospital, she also set up the first medical school for women.
21. Why couldn’t Elizabeth Blackwell realize her dream of becoming a surgeon?
A. She couldn’t get admitted to medical school.
B. She decided to further her education in Paris.
C. A serious eye problem stopped her.
D. It was difficult for her to start a practice in the United States.
22. What main obstacle(障碍) almost destroyed Elizabeth’s chances of becoming a doctor?
A. She was a woman. B. She wrote too many letters.
C. She couldn’t graduate from medical school. D. She couldn’t set up her hospital.
23. According to the passage, all of the following are “firsts” in the life of Elizabeth Blackwell, EXCEPT that she ______.
A. became the first woman physician. B. was the first woman doctor
C. and several other women founded the first hospital for women and children
D. set up the first medical school for women
24. Which of the following could be the best title of the passage?
A. A great woman. B. The first woman surgeon..
C. The first woman physician. D. The first medical school for women.
Life’s coincidences (巧合) can be good or bad, but they always surprise us. I moved to Anderson in 2004 from a small town in New York. One day I stopped at a red light and was behind a car with a license plate that read “Pearl Harbor Survivor”. My father was a Pearl Harbor survivor, so I jumped out of my truck and tapped to his window. He rolled the window down and I asked if he was a Pearl Harbor survivor.
“Yes,” he said. The lights turned green so I got back in my truck, turned left and went home straight. Then, I said to myself, “Why didn’t I get his name and phone number?” I went to the local Legion Post and asked if there was a Pearl Harbor survivor here on their roster (花名册). They told me yes and his name was Bronsil Metz. I looked up his name in the phone book and gave him a call. However, I failed to reach him anyway. I then drove to his address. With no answer to the door, I left a note saying that I would like to speak with him.
The next day Metz called me back and we arranged to meet at his house. I gathered my father’s picture albums and drove to his house the next morning. My father passed away years ago, so I was filled with excitement about talking to someone with similar experiences. We two went through the albums. As I turned the pages, he started pointing out the people he knew as well as those familiar buildings. My father was a great record keeper, so after Metz named people in some pictures, I took the photos out and on the back, in my father’s handwriting, were the names, confirming (证实) that Metz did really know the people. At that moment, I was stunned .
25. When the author saw the “Pearl Harbor Survivor” license plate, _________.
A. he was driving on the expressway B. he was trapped in a traffic jam
C. he was waiting for the lights to turn D. he was looking for a new friend
26. What can we infer from the second paragraph?
A. The Pearl Harbor survivor hurried home.
B. The author disliked talking with strangers.
C. The Pearl Harbor survivor refused to give his phone number.
D. The author regretted for not asking for the survivor’s contact information.
27. The underlined word “stunned” in Paragraph 3 probably means _________.
A. upset B. surprised C. pleased D. disappointed
28. Which of the following is NOT true according to the text?
A. The author met Bronsil Metz in a small town in New York.
B. The author was surprised to find a Pearl Harbor survivor.
C. The information of some retired soldiers can be found in Legion Post.
D. The author’s father kept some picture albums about Pearl Harbor.
Are you carrying too much on your back at school? I’m sure lots of children of your age will say “Yes”. Not only do the students in China have this problem, but children in the United States also have heavy school bags.
Doctors are starting to worry that younger and younger students are having back and neck problems as a result of school bags being too heavy for them.
“It’s hard for me to go upstairs with my bag because it’s so heavy,” said Rick Hammond, an 11-year-old student in the US.
Rick is among students who have common school bags with two straps (带子) to carry them, but many other students choose rolling bags.
But even with rolling bags, getting up stairs and buses is still a problem for children. Many of them have hurt their backs or necks because of the heavy school bags.
But how much is too much? Doctors say students should carry no more than 10% to 15% of their own body weight.
Scott Bautch, a doctor, said children under Grade 4 should stay with 10%. But it is also important that older children don’t stay with over 15%, because their bodies are still growing. “Children are losing their balance and falling down with their school bags,” he said.
Parents and teachers are starting to tell children to only take home library books they will be reading that night. Some teachers are using pieces of paper or thin workbooks for students to take home.
One of the best answers is, as some children said, to have no homework at all!
29. From the passage we can infer that___________.
A. only children in China carry too heavy school bags
B. both children in China and the US carry too heavy school bags
C. children in other countries don’t carry too heavy bags
D. only children in the US carry too heavy school bags
30. What will happen if a child carries a heavy school bag?
A. His back or neck will be hurt. B. His head and arms will be hurt.
C. His hands will be hurt. D. His feet will be hurt.
31. According to Scott Bautch, if a child in Grade 5 weighs about 30 kilos, the school bag he carries should not be over___________.
A. 5 kilos B. 3 kilos
C. 5.5 kilos D. 4.5 kilos
32. In which part of a newspaper can you read the passage?
A. Business. B. Entertainment.
C. Sports. D. Culture.
If you move to a new school, you’ll have to worry whether or not you’ll make friends. Here are some simple suggestions which help you make new friends a lot easier.
l Try speaking to the people next to you. As they’re close by, it helps you to communicate with them first.
l Have courage to speak to everyone in your class. You will probably stay with that class through your years at the new school, so it is very helpful if you get on well with them.
l If you don’t have many friends in your class, try and make new friends in your subject lessons. You can also talk with them at lunchtime and after school.
l Join a lunchtime or after-school club. You’ll get to meet kids of all years that way.
l Ask your teacher to pair you with another pupil.
l Use your celebrity(名人) status! Since you’re the new person, you’ll have gained celebrity status, which you can use for a couple of weeks. Talk to people, remember to smile and always be open and friendly. Listen carefully to what others have to say so as to make them feel important.
As you grow older, it’s natural to make new friends and sometimes that means you grow apart from your old friends. So try and make time for all your friends. Why not introduce your different sets of friends so you can all go to the cinema or bowling（保龄球） together?
But what if a friendship group is pushing you out? If this is happening to you, try and ask one of your friends what is happening. If the whole group is leaving you out, try to find new people to spend time with at lunchtime.
33. According to the passage, moving to a new school is _______.
A. interesting B. exciting C. worrying D. boring
34. To make our classmates feel that they are important to us, we should ______.
A. listen to them carefully B. be friendly and open to them
C. smile while talking with them D. make use of our celebrity status
35. What is the author’s purpose of writing the passage?
A. To show how to get used to new school life.
B. To explain how to make new friends easily.
C. To encourage people to make new friends.
D. To introduce how to communicate with friends.
It is easy for some people to learn a second language. However, others have difficulty in learning a new language. What can you do to help yourself learn a second language, such as English? _36．_
Feel positive (积极的) about learning English. You do not have to understand everything all at once. It is natural to make mistakes when you learn something new. _37．In other words, do not worry about making mistakes.
Practice your English. For example, write a diary every day. You will form a habit of writing it in English, and you will feel comfortable expressing (表达) your ideas in English._ _38．__ In addition, you must speak English every day.
___39．__ You can write this in your notebook. After each class, think about what you did. Did you answer a question correctly? Did you understand something the teacher explained? Perhaps the lesson was difficult, but you tried to understand it.
You must be positive about learning English and believe that you can do it. It is important to practice every day and make a record of your progress. ___40．__
A. We can learn from our mistakes.
B. Go over the points you have learned.
C. Keep a record of your language learning.
D. If you believe that you can learn, you will learn.
E. Several weeks later, you will see that your writing is improving.
F. In these ways, you will enjoy learning English and make progress.
G. There are several ways to make learning English easier and more interesting.