The characterization of this rule's impact is ，to say the least,the critical point for present purposes is put forward.
考查形容词词义辨析。句意：这条规则的影响的描述是有争议的，至少可以说，提出了当前目的的关键点。A. controversial有争议的；引起争论的；B. consistent始终如一的；持续的；C. contemporary同时代的；当代的；D. conservative保守的；守旧的。根据句意可知，此处用“有争议的”符合语境，故选A项。
You can get you want as a gift for your fantastic performance in the final examination for you and your friends.
A．whoever B．whichever C．however D．whatever
考查宾语从句连接词。句意：你可以得到你想要的任何礼物，作为你在期末考试中出色表现的礼物送给你和你的朋友。A.whoever无论谁；B. whichever无论哪个；C. however无论怎样；D. whatever无论什么。此处get后面是宾语从句，从句中want后面缺少宾语，指“想要的任何东西”用whatever；故选D。
It is amazing to learn that our human beings tend to some knowledge when we are exactly relaxing ourselves，such as diving，swimming and so on.
A．take up B．take on
C．pick up D．pull through
考查动词短语辨析。句意：令人惊讶的是，我们人类往往在放松自己的时候学习一些知识，比如潜水、游泳等等。A.take up开始；从事；B.take on承担；呈现；C.pick up扶起；学会；D.pull through(使)脱离危险； (使)恢复健康。根据some knowledge可知，我们人类往往在放松自己的时候学习一些知识。故C项正确.
The Nintendo Switch released a game in 1995, and over the past two years, a new system______ its player a chance to play the game better.
A．gives B．has given
C．would have given D．given
考查动词时态。句意：任天堂Switch游戏机发布了一款1995年的游戏，在过去的两年里，一款新的系统给了玩家更好地玩游戏的机会。根据时间状语over the past two years可知这句话使用现在完成时，表示过去两年中一直发生的事情。其基本构成形式是：have/has+done。主语为a new system，谓语动词使用第三人称单数形式。故选B。
Today, the increasing number of genderqueer and trans people, along with the increasingly________ nature of gender presentation and more general discussion about it further complicates the idea.
A．flexible B．rigid C．various D．general
考查形容词辨析。句意：如今，随着越来越多的同性恋者和变性人，性别表述的灵活性越来越强，对性别表述的讨论也越来越广泛，使这一想法更加复杂化。A. flexible灵活的； B. rigid 死板的；C. various 各种各样的； D. general 普遍的。随着越来越多同性恋者和变性人的出现，对性别的描述也变得越来越灵活了。故选A。
by a large number of towering complexes，the community attract many people who adore convenient life.
A．Having surrounded B．Being surrounded
WiFi also has a place in technologies like 5G and CBRS，which by the year 2020.
A．will be widely used
B．will have been widely used
考查动词时态语态。句意：WiFi在5G和CBRS等技术中也占有一席之地，到2020年将已经被广泛使用。根据句中的时间状语by the year 2020可知，空格处应该用将来完成时态，which和use是被动关系，故表示从现在看在将来某一时间之前完成的被动动作，应用将来完成时的被动语态。故选B。
As a command of the instructor，the children called out their names .
A．in turn B．in return C．at times D．in time
考查介词短语辨析。句意：作为老师的命令，孩子们依次喊出他们的名字。A. in turn 依次；轮流地；B. in return作为回报；C. at times有时；间或；D. in time 及时。根据句意可知，此处用短语in turn“依次”，指孩子依次喊出自己的名字。故选A项。
the reality，concrete instructions of this machine should be made to larger speeds and feeds.
考查介词和动词短语词义辨析。句意：考虑到实际情况， 该机器的具体说明应考虑到更大的速度和进料。concerning“关于”，介词；considering“考虑到”，介词； cater for“迎合，提供饮食及服务”，allow for “考虑到”，apply for“申请”；根据句意，第一空用表示”考虑到实际情况”，应该用介词considering； 第二空表示在说明机器具体使用注意点时，要考虑到其他的情况，所以用allow for。故选D。
These theories have been put into practice， according to offenders should be punished out of respect for the victims they have harmed.
A．which B．whose C．who D．what
考查定语从句。句意：这些理论已经付诸实践，根据这些理论，出于对他们伤害的受害者的尊重，罪犯应该受到惩罚。此处为非限制性定语从句修饰先行词These theories，指物，且定语从句中according to后面缺少宾语，用which引导定语从句。故选A。
When you are ，I will appreciate if you pay in cash.
A．checking out； that B．paying off； it
C．paying out； / D．checking out； it
考查动词短语辨析和固定句型。句意：当你结账时，如果你付现金，我将不胜感激。I will appreciate it if如果……我将不胜感激，该句型是固定句型，所以第二空格用it，排除A和C；pay off偿清，check out结账，根据I will appreciate if you pay in cash可知这里指结账时，支付现金，故选D。
on the light in the bathroom，or you will experience an unfortunate fall.
C．Being turn D．Having turn
The government agrees that it will provide medicine injections emergencies to children experiencing severe allergic reactions.
A．in salute to B．in case of
C．in care for D．in return for
考查固定短语辨析。句意：政府同意在遇到严重过敏反应的儿童出现紧急情况时提供药物注射。A. in salute to向……致敬；B. in case of 万一；如果；C. in care for关心； D. in return for 作为回报。根据句意可知，如果遇到紧急情况，提供药物注射。故选B。
Some new degree courses will be carried out the current ones，so that students can gain success more easily.
A．in respect to B．in terms of
C．in contrary to D．in parallel to
考查介词短语辨析。句意：一些新的学位课程将与现有的课程同步进行，这样学生就可以更容易地获得成功。A. in respect to 关于； B. in terms of 在……方面；从……角度看；根据……来说； C. in contrary to 与……形成对照；D. in parallel to 与……同步。根据句意此处用固定短语in parallel to “与……同步”符合语境，故选D项。
How about a trip to the beach？ I will ask Tom to go with us.
A．You have my word! B．Sorry，I'm occupied.
C．Rather! D．Are you kidding？
考查情景交际。句意：——去海滩旅行怎么样？——我向你保证！我会让Tom和我们一起去。A. You have my word. 我向你保证；B. Sorry，I'm occupied. 抱歉我很忙；C. Rather! 相反；D. Are you kidding？你在开玩笑嘛？根据句意，尤其是I will ask Tom to go with us“我会请汤姆和我们一起去。”可知回答的人接受了他的提议，故向他保证会带Tom一起去。故选A项。
A group of alumni, highly established in their careers, decided to visit their old university professor. They 16 to walk to the house and on getting into the door, they began chatting with their former professor. 17 , conversation soon turned into 18 about stress in work and life.
Offering his guests coffee, the professor went to the kitchen and 19 with a large pot of coffee and an assortment of cups-porcelain, plastic, glass, crystal, some 20 looking, some expensive, some exquisite-telling them to help themselves to the 21 .
When all the students had a cup of coffee in hand, the professor said, ''If you 22 ， all the nice looking expensive cups were 23 , leaving behind the plain and cheap ones. While it is normal for you to want only the best for yourselves, that is the 24 of your problems and stress. Be assured that the cup itself adds no 25 to the coffee. In most cases it is just more expensive and, in some cases, even 26 what we drink. What all of you really wanted was coffee, not the cup, but you 27 went for the best cups…And then you began 28 each other's cups. ''
Now take this into 29 : Life is the coffee; the jobs, money and position in society are the cups. They are just tools to hold and contain Life, and the type of cup we have does not 30 , nor change the quality of Life we live. Sometimes, by 31 only on the cup, we fail to enjoy the coffee God has provided us. '' So, it is vital for us to learn the importance of ''coffee'' 32 the wonderful ''cups'', as it may disturb our 33 .
God brews the coffee, not the cups. Enjoy your coffee! ''The happiest people don't have the best of everything. They just make the best of everything. '' Live simply. Love generously. Care 34 . Speaking kindly. With all of these things in your mind, you can just leave the 35 to God.
16．A．got through B．got together C．got up D．got around
17．A．However B．Therefore C．Then D．But
18．A．complaints B．apologies C．discussions D．views
19．A．brought B．carried C．returned D．came
20．A．artificial B．simple C．affordable D．plain
21．A．coffee B．tea C．juice D．food
22．A．got B．knew C．noticed D．found
23．A．pulled up B．picked up C．taken up D．put up
24．A．content B．resource C．source D．supply
25．A．dimension B．equipment C．pleasure D．quality
26．A．fades B．hides C．misses D．abandons
27．A．consciously B．confidentially C．immediately D．preferably
28．A．glaring B．eyeing C．glancing D．regretting
29．A．thought B．considering C．mind D．account
30．A．define B．ruin C．anticipate D．deduce
31．A．looking B．concentrating C．going D．basing
32．A．in reference to B．instead of C．regardless of D．in spite of
33．A．version B．eyesight C．vision D．insight
34．A．timely B．broadly C．wonderfully D．deeply
35．A．coffee B．cup C．fantasy D．rest
考查动词短语辨析。句意：他们聚在一起走到教授家里，一进门，就开始和他们以前的教授聊天。A. got through通过；B. got together 聚在一起；C. got up 站起来；D. got around 四处走动。根据上文的A group of alumni, highly established in their careers可知这些人聚在了一起，故选B项。
考查副词词义辨析。句意：然而，谈话很快就变成了对工作和生活压力的抱怨。A. However然而；B. Therefore 因此；C. Then 那么；D. But 但是。结合上下文可知，此处是转折，however后面经常使用逗号，而but不需要，故选A项。
考查名词词义辨析。句意：然而，谈话很快就变成了对工作和生活压力的抱怨。A. complaints抱怨；B. apologies 道歉；C. discussions 讨论；D. views 视图。根据下文that is the (9)of your problems and stress.可知此处用“抱怨”符合语境，故选A项。
考查动词词义辨析。句意：教授走到厨房，回来的时候端着一大壶咖啡和各种各样的杯子，瓷器、塑料、玻璃、水晶，有些看起来很普通，有些很贵，有些很精致，让他们随意喝咖啡。A. brought带来；B. carried 携带；C. returned 返回；D. came 来。根据上文的the professor went to the kitchen可知此处用“返回”符合语境和逻辑，故选C项。
考查形容词词义辨析。句意：教授走到厨房，端上一大壶咖啡和各种各样的杯子，瓷器、塑料、玻璃、水晶，有些看起来很普通，有些很贵，有些很精致，让他们随意喝咖啡。A. artificial人造的；B. simple 简单的；C. affordable 负担得起；D. plain 普通的。根据下文 leaving behind the plain and cheap ones.可知是普通的，plain是原词复现，故选D项
考查名词词义辨析。句意：教授走到厨房，端上一大壶咖啡和各种各样的杯子，瓷器、塑料、玻璃、水晶，有些看起来很普通，有些很贵，有些很精致，让他们随意喝咖啡。A. coffee咖啡；B. tea 茶；C. juice 果汁；D. food 食物。根据上文with a large pot of coffee and an assortment of cups-porcelain可知是咖啡，coffee是原词复现，故选A项。
考查动词词义辨析。句意：如果你注意到了，所有好看的昂贵的杯子都被捡起来了，剩下的是普通的和便宜的杯子。A. got得到；B. knew 知道；C. noticed 注意到；D. found 找到。结合上下文可知，此处是教授提醒学生注意眼前发生的事情，故选C项。
考查动词短辨析。句意：如果你注意到了，所有好看的昂贵的杯子都被拿起来了，剩下的是普通的和便宜的杯子。A. pulled up拉起；B. picked up 捡起来；挑选；C. taken up 占用；D. put up 竖起。根据下文 leaving behind the plain and cheap ones.可知是挑出，故选B项。
考查名词词义辨析。句意：虽然你只想要最好的东西是正常的，但这是你问题和压力的根源。A. content内容；B. resource 资源；C. source 来源；D. supply 供应；根据上下文可知，此处是指教授认为想要做好的东西正是人们有压力的原因，即压力的来源，故选C项。
考查名词词义辨析。句意：请放心，咖啡杯本身不会增加咖啡的质量。A. dimension尺寸；B. equipment 设备；C. pleasure 愉快；D. quality 质量。根据下文nor change the quality of Life we live.可知是质量，quality是原词复现，故选D项。
考查动词词义辨析。句意：在大多数情况下，它只是更贵，在某些情况下甚至隐藏了我们喝的东西。A. fades褪色；B. hides 隐藏；C. misses 错过；D. abandons 放弃。根据下文的What all of you really wanted was coffee, not the cup,可知咖啡杯有时会隐藏我们喝的东西，故选B项。
考查副词词义辨析。句意：但你有意识地去拿最好的杯子。A. consciously有意识地；B. confidentially 保密地；C. immediately 立即；D. preferably 最好是。结合上下文可知，此处是指人们都会下意识地去拿最好的杯子，故选A项。
考查动词词义辨析。句意：然后你开始盯着对方的杯子。A. glaring怒目而视；B. eyeing 注视；审视；C. glancing 瞥一眼；D. regretting 后悔。结合上下文可知，此处是指每个人拿了自己认为最好的杯子后，会盯着别人的杯子，去比较谁的更好，故选B项。
考查名词词义辨析。句意：现在考虑一下：生活就是咖啡；工作、金钱和社会地位就是杯子。A. thought思想；B. considering 考虑；C. mind 思想；D. account 账户。根据句意可知，此处考查固定短语 take sth. into account“考虑”，故选D项。
考查动词词义辨析。句意：我们拥有的杯子的类型并没有定义，也没有改变我们生活的质量。A. define定义；B. ruin 毁灭；C. anticipate 预料；D. deduce 推断。根据上文的They are just tools to hold and contain Life可知杯子本身并没有定义，故选A项。
考查动词词义辨析。句意：有时，只专注于杯子，我们无法享受上帝给我们的咖啡。A. looking看；B. concentrating 集中；C. going 继续；D. basing 以……为基础。根据下文的we fail to enjoy the coffee God has provided us.可知，因为只专注于杯子，让我们不能享受咖啡，故选B项。
考查介词短语辨析。句意：因此，我们必须了解“咖啡”的重要性，而不是美妙的“杯子”，因为它可能会扰乱我们的洞察力。A.in reference to关于；B. instead of 而不是；C. regardless of 不管；D. in spite of 尽管。根据上文 by(16)only on the cup,we fail to enjoy the coffee God has provided us可知此处用“而不是”符合语境，故选B项。
考查名词词义辨析。句意：因此，我们必须了解“咖啡”的重要性，而不是美妙的“杯子”，因为它可能会扰乱我们的洞察力。A. version版本；B. eyesight 视力；C. vision 愿景；D. insight 洞察力。结合上下文可知，此处是只专注于杯子会扰乱人们的洞察力，故选D项。
考查副词义辨析。句意：；简单地生活。慷慨地爱。深切地关心。A. timely及时；B. broadly 广义地；C. wonderfully 奇妙地；D. deeply 深深地。根据上文的Live simply. Love generously.可知此处用“深切地”符合语境，故选D项。
考查名词词义辨析。句意：有了这些，将其他的留给上帝。A. coffee咖啡；B. cup 杯子；C. fantasy 幻想；D. rest 其他；其余。根据上文的With all of these things in your mind可知，我们只需要以上的几种品质，其余的事情交给上帝，故选D项。
America’s Living Natural History Museum
●On March 1, 1872, Yellowstone became the first national park for all to enjoy the unique hydrothermal wonders. As development spread across the West, the 2.2 million acres of habitat within the park became an important sanctuary for the largest concentration of wildlife in the lower 48 states.
☆Things you can do
●An amazing experience awaits you here. Yellowstone is a seasonal park, so plan your visit by learning about the current conditions, operating seasons and hours, road conditions, lodging and eating options, and available activities.
●Hike a trail: Lace up your boots, grab your bear spray, and explore nearly 1,000 miles of trails.
●Watch wild life:Bring some binoculars or a spotting scope and enjoy animals from a safe distance.
●Take photos:Best practices & tips for shooting in Yellowstone.
●Bike in the park:Enjoy the scenery on two wheels.
●Ride a horse:Bring your own stock or take a guided ride.
Contact the park!
We welcome all of you to come to Yellowstone.
Mailing Address:PO Box 168 Yellowstone National Park, WY 82190﹣0168 Phone:307﹣344﹣7381
36．According to the paragraph above, what cannot you do in the park？
A．use scope to watch animals in a distance that will not bother animals.
B．experience different scenery in different seasons.
C．lace up your boots, and try to take photos with bears if you can.
D．enjoy a horse ride under guidance.
37．What is the main purpose for the author to write this article？
A．to appeal to more tourists to Yellowstone.
B．to give the readers fundamental information about Yellowstone.
C．to answer the government’s call.
D．to give tourists some tips on travelling in Yellowstone.
细节理解题。根据文章Things you can do部分中Hike a trail: Lace up your boots, grab your bear spray, and explore nearly 1,000 miles of trails.可知徒步旅行：系好你的靴子，拿上你的防熊喷雾，探索近1000英里的小径。由此可知，你并不能试图和熊合影，而是在徒步的过程中注意熊的出没，保证自己的安全，故选C。
推理判断题。根据第一段On March 1, 1872, Yellowstone became the first national park for all to enjoy the unique hydrothermal wonders. As development spread across the West, the 2.2 million acres of habitat within the park became an important sanctuary for the largest concentration of wildlife in the lower 48 states.可知1872年3月1日，黄石公园成为第一个让所有人都能欣赏到独特的热液奇观的国家公园。随着开发向西部扩展，公园内220万英亩的栖息地成为美国本土48个州中最大的野生动物聚集地的重要避难所。结合本文章主要是作者介绍了美国的黄石公园，并对游客们能在公园内进行的活动进行了说明，由此可知，文章的目的在于吸引游客们前往参观、游玩。故选A。
We’ve all been there. You’re around new people and you just want to impress them. It can be easy to pretend you know about movies, politics, or science just to get through an awkward situation. But contrary to what feels most natural, a new series of five studies from Pepperdine University shows that those who can admit when they don’t know something tend to actually have more knowledge. If you want to make those people think you’re smart, maybe the best thing to say is “I don’t know.”
For the study, which was led by Elizabeth Krumrei-Mancuso, the team of researchers had one question: Is there a knowledge benefit to admitting intellectual fallibility? To find out, they ran not one, not two, but five separate experiments. They engaged nearly 1,200 participants in their study, and evaluated them using a number of questionnaires testing their cognitive abilities, measuring their own predictions of their cognitive abilities, and, of course, rating their levels of intellectual humility.
For that last part, they used different methods in different studies to get a more well﹣rounded set of results. One IH survey used eight questions to assess participants on two elements: the “Knowing﹣It﹣All” subscale, which judged their attitudes of intellectual superiority, and the “Intellectual Openness” subscale, which assessed how open they were to learning from others. In other studies, they used the 22-question “Comprehensive Intellectual Humility Scale,” which assesses participants on four elements: independence of intellect and ego, openness to revising one’s viewpoint, respect for others’ viewpoints, and lack of intellectual overconfidence. The five studies were used to examine past learning, thinking styles, traits, and motivations.
What the researchers may agree is that the best thing to remember is that curiosity seems to be a good thing. The world is big, and it’s impossible to know everything. At your next dinner party, ask questions and admit your own cluelessness. It might make you a little less clueless next time.
38．Why did Elizabeth Krumrei-Mancuso led the study？
A．to find out whether admitting that you don’t know something is beneficial.
B．to find the certain benefit of admitting intellectual disability.
C．to compare the modest people with proud people.
D．to stress the importance of curiosity.
39．From the article, we can learn that .
A．we all tend to pretend we have a good command of knowledge.
B．the study engaged over 1,200 participants in their study.
C．”I don’t know” may be a good answer to people who ask you if you are clever.
D．a number of questionnaires are used to test participants’ cognitive humility.
40．What is the best title of the article？
A．Be yourself! B．Admitting your fallibility!
C．Express your drawbacks! D．Let curiosity lead you!
细节理解题。根据第二段中For the study, which was led by Elizabeth Krumrei-Mancuso, the team of researchers had one question: Is there a knowledge benefit to admitting intellectual fallibility? To find out, they ran not one, not two, but five separate experiments.可知在这项由Elizabeth Krumrei-Mancuso领导的研究中，研究团队有一个问题：承认自己不知道的事是否对知识有好处？为了找到答案，他们进行了不是一个，也不是两个，而是五个独立的实验。由此可知，可知Elizabeth Krumrei﹣Mancuso领导这项研究是为了找出承认自己不知道的事情是否有益。故选A。
细节理解题。根据第一段中If you want to make those people think you’re smart, maybe the best thing to say is “I don’t know.”可知如果你想让那些人觉得你很聪明，最好说“我不知道”。由此可知，对于那些问你是否聪明的人，“我不知道”可能是一个很好的答案。故选C。
主旨大意题。根据第一段We’ve all been there. You’re around new people and you just want to impress them. It can be easy to pretend you know about movies, politics, or science just to get through an awkward situation. But contrary to what feels most natural, a new series of five studies from Pepperdine University shows that those who can admit when they don’t know something tend to actually have more knowledge. If you want to make those people think you’re smart, maybe the best thing to say is “I don’t know.”可知我们都在那里。你周围都是新朋友，你只想给他们留下深刻印象。假装你了解电影、政治或科学只是为了度过一个尴尬的局面是很容易的。但是，与人们感觉最自然的情况相反，佩珀代因大学一项由五人组成的新系列研究表明，那些能够承认自己不懂某事的人往往拥有更多的知识。如果你想让那些人觉得你很聪明，最好说“我不知道”。结合文章主要介绍了研究人员通过实验，证明了承认错误和不足，可能会让别人认为你很聪明。由此可知，B选项“承认你不知道!”最合适作为标题。故选B。
What’s the deadliest animal? Trick question. Sure, the shark in Jaws is terrifying — but you’re way more likely to be killed by the animals you see every day. That’s according to a study published in February in the journal Wilderness & Environmental Medicine.
Don’t Sweat the Scary Stuff
The study looked at mortality data in the United States from 2008 to 2015 and compared the number of deaths caused by animals to a 2012 study that looked at the same elements in prior years. In this new study, researchers found a total of 1,610 animal-related deaths in the U.S., including deaths as a result of bites, contact, attack, or envenomation (venom injection). The majority of those deaths were related to nonvenomous animals, coming out to about 2.8 deaths per million people.
Surprisingly, most of the fatalities they found weren’t related to wild animal attacks: The largest proportion of animal deaths were caused by large mammals, especially horses and cattle. According to a press release, other studies have found that most of these deaths occur on the farm, and accidents with horses and cattle account for a whopping 90 percent of farm accidents.
The next largest group of animal-related fatalities were caused by a group called Hymenoptera, or hornets, wasps, and bees, accounting for just under 30 percent of the reported fatalities. According to the press release, “Africanized” honeybees, which are found most often in the southern and western U.S., can be particularly lethal when they swarm.
The third largest group? Man’s best friend: dog﹣related fatalities occurred at a rate of about 4.6 deaths per 10 million people. The study showed that young children are most vulnerable: The rate of children under age four killed by dogs was twice as high as the next most vulnerable age group, people older than 65, and four times as high as other age groups.
“The most common animal﹣related fatalities are from large mammals, like cattle or horses, but when you’re looking at attacks from wild animals only, the most common cause of death are due to venomous animals, like wasps or bees,” lead investigator Dr. Jared A．Forrester told CNN in an interview about the 2012 study. “I think people have in their mind that the most dangerous animals are cougars, bears or alligators, but a bee is more dangerous if a person is sensitive to its poisoning components.”
So how can you minimize your risk? Part of it may be due to your location and age group: the 2012 study found that people in the South experienced about 47 percent of all animal-related attacks in the U.S., Dr. Christopher Holstege, one of the authors, told CNN. In addition, infants and young children up to four years of age are most vulnerable, he said—especially when it comes to dog bites.
Researchers recommend more public health initiatives and awareness to help prevent farm fatalities. As for bees and hornets, it helps to be aware of your allergies, carry an EpiPen, and try to avoid provoking bees. As far as dogs go, your best bet is to not leave them alone with the very young or the very old.
But still, there isn’t too much reason to worry. “In many ways, the data is pretty reassuring,” Forrester told CNN. “The most common cause of death are not the scariest things, necessarily, but they are the most common interactions we have with farm animals and they are preventable.”
41．What’s the function of the “shark in Jaws” mentioned in paragraph one?
A．To attract readers’ attention and introduce the topic.
B．To explain to readers the danger of sharks.
C．To compare sharks with animals that are dangerous around our daily life.
D．To highlight the unnoticed danger of animals in everyday life.
42．What’s the underlined word “venomous” mean?
A．small B．poisonous C．dangerous D．devil
43．What can we learn from the article?
A．Bees are the most dangerous insects you may ever encounter.
B．People who are allergic to bees can hardly survive if they’re not treated immediately.
C．There is no worry about the danger of daily animals.
D．People in the South experienced nearly half of animal attacks in the U.S.
44．What may be the best title of the article?
A．The deadliest animal in your life. B．The danger of small insects.
C．The ignored killers. D．New risk of being killed by small animals.
推理判断题。根据第一段中Sure, the shark in Jaws is terrifying — but you’re way more likely to be killed by the animals you see every day.可知当然，《大白鲨》中的鲨鱼很可怕——但你更有可能被你每天看到的动物杀死。由此可推知，作者提到《大白鲨》中的鲨鱼，是为了将鲨鱼和我们日常生活中的危险动物作比较。故选C。
词句猜测题。根据划线词后文animals, like wasps or bees以及下文中a bee is more dangerous if a person is sensitive to its poisoning components.(如果人对蜜蜂的有毒成分敏感，那么蜜蜂就更危险)由此可知，黄蜂或蜜蜂是有毒的动物，故划线词意思是“有毒的”。A. small小的；B. poisonous有毒的；C. dangerous危险的；D. devil邪恶的。故选B。
细节理解题。根据倒数第三段中Part of it may be due to your location and age group: the 2012 study found that people in the South experienced about 47 percent of all animal-related attacks in the U.S., Dr. Christopher Holstege, one of the authors, told CNN.可知部分原因可能与你的地理位置和年龄有关：Christopher Holstege博士是研究报告的作者之一，他告诉CNN ，2012年的研究发现，在美国所有与动物有关的袭击中，有47%发生在南方。由此可知，美国南方的人有接近一半经历过动物袭击。故选D。
主旨大意题。根据第一段What’s the deadliest animal? Trick question. Sure, the shark in Jaws is terrifying — but you’re way more likely to be killed by the animals you see every day. That’s according to a study published in February in the journal Wilderness & Environmental Medicine.可知最致命的动物是什么？技巧的问题。当然，《大白鲨》中的鲨鱼很可怕——但你更有可能被你每天看到的动物杀死。这是根据二月份发表在《荒野与环境医学》杂志上的一项研究得出的结论。结合文章主要介绍一些动物很危险，我们经常会受到身边动物的袭击。由此可知A选项“你生活中最致命的动物”是文章最好的标题。故选A。
The count was examining the weapons, when his study door opened, and Baptistin entered, making a sign to him, and went out, closing the door after him.”Who are you, madame?” said the count to the veiled woman ①.
The woman cast one look around her, to be certain that they were quite alone; then bending as if she would have knelt, and joining her hands, she said with an accent of despair, “Edmond, you will not kill my son?” The count retreated a step, uttered a slight exclamation ②.
“What name did you pronounce then, Madame de Morcerf?” said he. “Yours!” cried she, throwing back her veil,” yours, which I alone, perhaps, have not forgotten. Edmond, it is not Madame de Morcerf who is come to you, it is Mercédès.”
“Mercédès is dead, madame,” said the count; “I know no one now of that name.”
“Mercédès lives, sir, and she needs not to inquire what hand has dealt the blow which now strikes M.de Morcerf.”
“Fernand, do you mean?” replied the count, with bitter irony; “since we are recalling names, let us remember them all.” the count had pronounced the name of Fernand with such an expression of hatred that Mercédès felt a thrill of horror run through every vein. “You see, Edmond, I am not mistaken, and have cause to say, ‘Spare my son!’”
“And who told you, madame, that I have any hostile intentions against your son?”
“No one, in truth; but a mother has twofold sight. I guessed all; I followed him this evening and have seen all.”
“If you have seen all, madame, you know that the son of Fernand has publicly insulted me,” said the count with awful calmness.
“Oh, for pity’s sake! my son has also guessed who you are, he attributes his father’s misfortunes to you.”
“Madame, you are mistaken, they are not misfortunes, it is a punishment. It is not I who strike M. de Morcerf; it is providence which punishes him.” The count took out a letter with his hands which proved his innocence and Fernand’s sin.
“That is what I heard on leaving my prison fourteen years after I had entered it; and that is why, on account of the living Mercédès and my father, I have sworn to revenge myself on Fernand, andI have revenged myself.”
“And you are sure the unhappy Fernand did that？”
“I am satisfied, madame, that he did what I have told you; besides, that is not much more odious than that a Frenchman by adoption should pass over to the English; that a Spaniard by birth should have fought against the Spaniards; that a stipendiary of Ali should have betrayed and murdered Ali. Compared with such things, what is the letter you have just read？a deception! Well, the French did not avenge themselves on the traitor, the Spaniards did not shoot the traitor, Ali in his tomb left the traitor unpunished; but I, betrayed, sacrificed, buried, have risen from my tomb, by the grace of God, to punish that man, and here I am.” The poor woman’s head and arms fell; her legs bent under her, and she fell on her knees. “Forgive, Edmond, forgive for my sake, who love you still!”
“Not crush that accursed race?” murmured he; “abandon my purpose at the moment of its accomplishment？ Impossible, madame, impossible!”
“Edmond,” said the poor mother, who tried every means, “when I call you Edmond, why do you not call me Mercédès？”
“Mercédès!” repeated the count ③, “Mercédès! Well yes, you are right; Mercédès, I have uttered your name with the sigh of melancholy, with the groan of sorrow, with the last effort of despair; I have uttered it, consumed with heat, rolling on the stone floor of my prison. Mercédès, I must revenge myself, for I suffered fourteen years,fourteen years I wept, I cursed; now I tell you, Mercédès, I must revenge myself.”
“Revenge yourself, then, Edmond,” cried the poor mother; “but let your vengeance fall on the culprits,on him, on me, but not on my son!”
“God said that the sins of the fathers shall fall upon their children to the third and fourth generation. Since God himself dictated those words to his prophet, why should I seek to make myself better than God？”
“Edmond,” continued Mercédès, with her arms extended towards the count, “since I first knew you, I have adored your name, have respected your memory.But I have thought you must be dead! What could I do for you, Edmond, besides pray and weep？ Edmond, for ten years I saw every night every detail of that frightful tragedy, and for ten years I heard every night the cry which awoke me, shuddering and cold. And I, too, Edmondoh! believe meguilty as I wasoh, yes, I, too, have suffered much!”
“Have you known what it is to have your father starve to death in your absence？” cried the count, ④thrusting his hands into his hair”have you seen the woman you loved giving her hand to your rival, while you were dying？”
“No,” interrupted Mercédès, “but I have seen him whom I loved on the point of murdering my son.” Mercédès uttered these words with such deep anguish, with an accent of such intense despair, that the count could not restrain a sob. The lion was daunted; the avenger was conquered.
45．What can we learn from the underlined sentence in paragraph two？
A．she was desperate to regain the count’s love.
B．she was anxious about her son’s safety.
C．she was fear that the count would kill Mr de Morcerf.
D．she managed to gam her courage to speak to the count who is in a cold manner.
46．From the count’s words “Mercédès is dead” in paragraph three,the count wanted to convey that .
A．he no longer loved Mercédès.
B．he had sought that Mercédès had already died after his revenge.
C．he was disappoint about Mercédès’s behavior after he was arrested.
D．he didn’t want the Mercédès in his mind lose luster.
47．What can we infer from the article？
A．Mercédès actually knew the reason for the count’s being arrested.
B．the “Edmond” in the article is the count’s false name.
C．Mr.de Morcerf, actually Fernand, did a lot of things of betrayal.
D．Mercédès still loves the count while the count doesn’t.
48．Where should sentence “letting fall the gun he held” be placed？
A．① B．② C．③ D．④
49．Why does the count mention that his father starve to death in his absence？
A．to give himself the source of revenge. B．to point out the sin of Mercédès.
C．to explain the reason for killing Mr.de Morcerf. D．to convey his remaining love to Mercédès.
50．What may happen in the following chapters？
A．the count killed Mr.de Morcerf.
B．the count abandon the idea of revenge.
C．the count gave up the idea of killing Mercédès’s son.
D．the count lost his life because of Mercédès.
推理判断题。根据第二段中The woman cast one look around her, to be certain that they were quite alone; then bending as if she would have knelt, and joining her hands, she said with an accent of despair, “Edmond, you will not kill my son?”可知那妇人向四周看了一眼，确定没有其他人；然后，她弯下腰，好像要跪下来似的，双手合十，带着绝望的腔调说：“Edmond，你不会杀我的儿子吧?”由此可知，划线句子表明她担心她儿子的安全。故选B。
推理判断题。根据第四段“Mercédès is dead, madame,” said the count; “I know no one now of that name.”可知 “Mercédès死了，夫人，”伯爵说，”我现在不认识这个名字的人了。”联系下文女人的离开，由此可知，从第三段中伯爵所说的“Mercédès死了”中，伯爵想表达的是他在被捕后对Mercédès的行为感到失望。故选C。
推理判断题。根据第十四段中but I, betrayed, sacrificed, buried, have risen from my tomb, by the grace of God, to punish that man, and here I am.可知但是我，被背叛、牺牲、埋葬的人，凭着上帝的恩典，从我的坟墓里站起来惩罚那个男人，而我就在这里。由此可知，德马尔塞夫先生，实际上是费尔南多，做了很多背叛的事情。故选C。
推理判断题。根据倒数第二段中thrusting his hands into his hair” have you seen the woman you loved giving her hand to your rival, while you were dying？可知他把手双手插在他的头发上，“你见过你爱的女人在你临死时把她的手交给你的对手吗？”结合最后一段表明他放弃了复仇，说明他被说服了，放下了手里的枪。由此可推知，“放下他手中的枪”这一句应该放在④。故选D。
推理判断题。根据倒数第二段“Have you known what it is to have your father starve to death in your absence？” cried the count, ④thrusting his hands into his hair” have you seen the woman you loved giving her hand to your rival, while you were dying？”可知“你知道在你不在的时候让你父亲饿死是什么滋味吗？”伯爵喊道，双手插在他的头发上，“你见过你爱的女人在你临死时把她的手交给你的对手吗？”由此可推知，可知伯爵提到他父亲在他不在的时候饿死了给自己复仇的源泉。故选A。
推理判断题。根据最后一段中The lion was daunted; the avenger was conquered.可知狮子被吓住了，复仇者被征服了。由此可推知，接下来伯爵打消了杀Mercédès儿子的念头。故选C。
Feeling extreme loneliness can increase an older person’s risk of premature (过早的)death by 14 percent, according to research by John Cacioppo, professor of psychology at the University of Chicago.
Cacioppo and his colleagues’ work shows that the impact of loneliness on premature death is nearly as strong as the impact of disadvantaged socioeconomic status, which they found increases the chances of dying early by 19 percent. A 2010 meta﹣analysis showed that loneliness has twice as much impact on early death as obesity does, he said.
The researchers looked at dramatic differences in the rate of decline in physical and mental health as people aged. Cacioppo and his colleagues have examined the role of satisfying relationships on older people to develop their resilience ([rɪˈzɪliəns] 快速恢复的能力；适应力), the ability to feel better quickly after something unpleasant, and grow from stresses in life.
The consequences for health are dramatic, as feeling isolated or separated from others can disturb sleep, elevate blood pressure, increase morning rises in the stress hormone cortisol ([‘kɔ:tɪsɒl] 皮质醇), change the gene expression in immune cells, increase depression and lower overall subjective well﹣being, Cacioppo pointed out in a talk, “ Rewarding Social Connections Promote Successful Aging.”
Cacioppo, one of the nation’s leading experts on loneliness, said older people can avoid the consequences of loneliness by staying in touch with former co﹣workers, taking part in family traditions, and sharing good times with family and friends ﹣ all of which give older adults a chance to connect with others about whom they care and who care about them.
”Retiring to Florida to live in a warmer climate among strangers isn’t necessarily a good idea if it means you are disconnected from the people who mean much to you,” said Cacioppo. Population changes make understanding the role of loneliness and health all the more important,he explained. “People have to think about how to protect themselves from depression, low subjective well﹣being and early death. “
Although some people are happy to be alone, most people develop from social situations in which they provide mutual support and establish a strong bond. Evolution encourages people to work together to survive and accordingly most people enjoy companionship compared to be alone.
It is not solitude (独处)or physical isolation itself, but rather the subjective sense of isolation that Cacioppo’s work shows to be so destructive. Older people living alone are not necessarily lonely if they remain actively engaged in social life and enjoy the company of those around them. Some aspects of aging, such as blindness and loss of hearing, however, place people at special risk of becoming isolated and lonely, he said.
The main idea
Chances are that older people will die early if they feel extremely 51．.
52． with loneliness
• Like disadvantaged socioeconomic status and obesity, loneliness can 53． old men’s premature death.
• When 54． from others, one will find physical health impacted and tend to feel depressive and unhappy.
• Keep in touch with others and take part in 55． activities.
• Choosing to live in a pleasant climate don’t necessarily make sense if the elder are disconnected from people who are 56． to them.
• Think about how to57． depression, low subjective well﹣being and early death.
• Work together with others to 58．, to gain mutual support and establish a strong bond.
• The sense of isolation, rather than solitude or physical isolation itself, isn’t 59．to elders.
• Living alone doesn’t mean loneliness if older people live an 60． social life.
考查形容词。根据第一段Feeling extreme loneliness can increase an older person’s risk of premature death by 14 percent, according to research by John Cacioppo, professor of psychology at the University of Chicago.可知根据芝加哥大学心理学教授John Cacioppo的研究，感到极度孤独会使老年人过早死亡的风险增加14%。由此可知，如果老年人感到极度孤独，他们很可能会早死。此处应填形容词lonely，作表语，表示“孤独的，孤单的”。故填lonely。
考查动词。根据第二段中Cacioppo and his colleagues’ work shows that the impact of loneliness on premature death is nearly as strong as the impact of disadvantaged socioeconomic status, which they found increases the chances of dying early by 19 percent.可知卡奇奥波和他的同事的研究表明，孤独对早逝的影响几乎与社会经济地位低下的影响一样强烈，他们发现社会经济地位低下会使早逝的几率增加19%。由此可知，与社会经济地位低下和肥胖一样，孤独也会导致老年人过早死亡。表示“造成”应填动词cause，且can后跟动词原形。故填cause。
考查非谓语动词。根据第四段中as feeling isolated or separated from others can disturb sleep, elevate blood pressure, increase morning rises in the stress hormone cortisol, change the gene expression in immune cells, increase depression and lower overall subjective well-being可知当感觉被孤立或与他人分离时，会影响睡眠、升高血压、增加压力荷尔蒙皮质醇的早晨含量、改变免疫细胞的基因表达、增加抑郁感并降低整体的主观幸福感。由此可知，当与他人隔离时，一个人会发现自己的身体健康受到影响，容易感到抑郁和不快乐。此处为过去分词作状语，表示“隔绝的，隔离的”应用isolated/separated。故填isolated/separated。
考查形容词。根据第五段中older people can avoid the consequences of loneliness by staying in touch with former co﹣workers, taking part in family traditions, and sharing good times with family and friends —all of which give older adults a chance to connect with others about whom they care and who care about them.可知老年人可以避免孤独的后果与前工作同事保持联系，参与家庭传统，并与家人和朋友分享美好时光-所有这些都给老年人一个机会与他们关心的人和关心他们的人联系。作者建议老年人多与之前的同事联系，参加传统的家庭活动，与家人和朋友分享好时光，即鼓励老年人积极参加社交活动。由此可知，此处建议是与他人保持联系，参加社会活动。修饰后文activities应用形容词social，表示“社交的”。故填social。
考查形容词。根据第六段中“Retiring to Florida to live in a warmer climate among strangers isn’t necessarily a good idea if it means you are disconnected from the people who mean much to you,” said Cacioppo.可知Cacioppo说：“退休到佛罗里达，住在气候更温暖的陌生人中间，不一定是个好主意，因为这意味着你与那些对你意义重大的人失去了联系。”由此可知，如果老年人与对他们重要的人失去联系，那么选择住在气候宜人的地方就没有意义了。此处作表语，表示“重要的”应填形容词important/significant。故填important/significant。
考查动词。根据第六段中People have to think about how to protect themselves from depression, low subjective well﹣being and early death.可知人们必须考虑如何保护自己不受抑郁，低主观幸福感和早逝。由此可知，思考如何避免抑郁，低主观幸福感和早逝。此处表示“避免”应用动词avoid，且为“疑问词+不定式”结构，故应用动词原形。故填avoid。
考查动词。根据倒数第二段中Evolution encourages people to work together to survive and accordingly most people enjoy companionship compared to be alone.可知进化鼓励人们为了生存而一起工作，因此大多数人喜欢伴侣而不是独处。由此可知，与他人一起工作，为了生存，获得相互支持，建立牢固的纽带。表示“生存”应用survive，且结合上文Work together with others to可知为不定式，应填动词原形。故填survive。
考查形容词。根据最后一段中It is not solitude or physical isolation itself, but rather the subjective sense of isolation that Cacioppo’s work shows to be so destructive.可知Cacioppo的作品中所表现出来的那种主观的孤立感是如此具有破坏性，而不是孤独或身体上的孤立本身。由此可知，孤立感，而不是孤独或身体孤立本身，对老年人是不利的。此处作表语，表示“有益的”应用形容词beneficial。故填beneficial。
考查形容词。根据最后一段中Older people living alone are not necessarily lonely if they remain actively engaged in social life and enjoy the company of those around them.可知独自生活的老年人并不一定感到孤独，如果他们仍然积极参与社会生活，并享受周围人的陪伴。由此可知，如果老年人过着活跃的社交生活，独居并不意味着孤独。修饰后文social life，表示“活跃的”应用形容词active，作定语。故填active。
When was the last time you had fun with your parents? Your parents are all busy during working days; during the weekends, you may want to hang out with them but they may have to work extra hours.
This is not uncommon. In China, both of the parents have their jobs. Most of the parents try their best to offer their children comfortable circumstances, but they seldom have time to stay with their children. A recent survey done in the US found that more than half of American parents spend less than three hours having fun with their children each week.
As the Daily Mail noted: Families are spending little quality time creating bonds and precious memories together during the week because of the demands of modern life.
Nowadays, it is not uncommon that parents spend little time accompanying their children, which may result from the demands of modern life and some other reasons.（26
There are many factors accounting for this phenomenon. First, in contemporary society parents are facing more stress from living and work than before, so they have to spend most of their time making money. In addition, parents today are more easily distracted by various electronic products when keeping their children company.
Take my own experience for example. Once upon a time, I got into trouble in my studies. It was my parents’ company and comfort that had a great effect on my regaining self-confidence. Plain and peaceful as it was, this experience left an unforgettable impression on me, which is of great significance to my growth.（134）
考生首先要认真阅读前面的英文提示和汉语提示，认真审题，确定文章的中心，用最简练的语言概括文章的大意。然后再根据文章内容发表自己的观点。内容包括：1. 简要分析父母陪伴孩子的时间越来越少的原因；2. 结合自己的经历，谈谈父母多陪伴孩子对其孩子的影响。写作时要点要全面包括，不能有遗漏和省略。审题时注意本文使用一般现在时，描述要尽量选择简洁的语言，运用合适的语法规则和词汇把各要点都准确表述出来。同时注意谋篇布局的顺序，运用合适的连接词连接全文，同时选择高级的词汇和语法项目让文章更有文采。难点在于选择词汇和句型，可以灵活运用高级词汇和固定短语准确表述。
【亮点说明】所给范文语言简洁，应用了一些较好的句子：it is not uncommon that…使用了主语从句；which may result from…和which is of great significance to my growth使用了定语从句；accounting for this phenomenon是现在分词作定语；when keeping their children company使用了状语从句的省略；It was my parents’ company and comfort that…使用了强调句型。文章还应用了较多的高级词汇和短语：contemporary；distracted ；electronic products；Take my own experience for example；had a great effect on；unforgettable impression；of great significance等等。