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山东省济南市山东师范大学附属中学2019-2020学年高一5月线上考试英语试题含答案解析
年级:高中
难度:中等
更新时间:2020-11-17
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一、选择题(共20题)
1.

_______ , every road leads to Rome, and I do believe hard work pays off.

AIn all                                                        BAll in all

CFirst of all                                                 DAfter all

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2.

Next, she tied several chopsticks together, _______ a family. She showed the girls it was hard to break the tied chopsticks.

Arepresenting                                              Brepresented

Crepresentative                                            Drepresentation

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3.

Has the cost of the hotel _______ the expense?

Afigured in                                                 Bfigured out

Cfigure on                                                   Dfigure up

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4.

With the outbreak _______, schools began to open one after another.

Aweaken                                                     Bweakening

Cweakened                                                  Dto weaken

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5.

Data show that kids and teens who do read frequently, compared to infrequent readers, have more books in the home, and parents will set _______ time for them to read.

Aout                        Boff                         Cabout                     Daside

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6.

Whatever change is happening today is the result of great technological progress, _______ which will be like trying to turn the clock back.

Agoing against                                             Bgoing beyond

Cgoing off                                                  Dgoing through

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7.

He gave himself a new name to hide his identity when he wen to            the secret task.

Acarry on                                                    Bcarry out

Ccarry through                                            Dcarry away

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8.

It was _______ that I asked myself that significant question.

Aat this moment                                          Bat any moment

Cat that moment                                          Din a moment

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9.

The girl _______ beautifully to my small crisis, but she actually wasn’t the only one.

Aresponded              Brespected                Crecognized              Drejected

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10.

There is a good social life in the village, and I wish I _______ a second chance to become more involved.

Ahad                                                          Bwill have

Cwould have                                               Dhave had

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11.

To everyone’s surprise, the dreamy house designed by Kevin’s dead father has been under _______.

Aconstruct                                                   Bconstructive

Cconstruction                                              Dconstructing

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12.

The criminal _______ murdering the judge, unfortunately, an unexpected accident made him lose his consciousness.

Amight have admitted                                  Bcould have admitted

Cshould have admitted                                  Dmust have admitted

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13.

_______ luggage has to be abandoned to save the people on the ship.

AA good many                                            BA large number of

CA great deal of                                           DA great many of

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14.

Doctors and nurses bear the responsibility for _______ the infected patients.

Atending                  Bclaiming                 Csettling                   Dintending

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15.

_______ from the HR department, old Ben makes an attempt to work as a trainee in a fashion shopping website.

ARetired                  BRetiring                  CHaving retired        DTo retire

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16.

It is fortunate that the man has escaped _______ in the heavy rain.

Ato catch                                                    Bto be caught

Ccatching                                                    Dbeing caught

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17.

The interviewee’s hands _______, the interviewer observed that the young graduate was extremely tense.

Afolded                    Bto fold                    Cfold                       Dfolding

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18.

Though _______ by her classmates, the little girl didn’t burst into tears or be in despair.

Aleaving out                                                Bleft out

Cbeing left out                                             Dleave out

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19.

The publisher resigned and left the press, never _______ again.

Ato be met                                                  Bto meet

Cbe met                                                      Dbeing met

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20.

They launched an online activity _______ their lost colleague.

Ain charge of                                              Bin term of

Cin place of                                                 Din memory of

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二、阅读理解(共5题)
1.

   I sat down, with food in my lap, waiting to watch a movie. It sounds like a typical Friday night at home, but this time it was not. I was sitting down in a theatre of over 300 Filipinos speaking their native tongues. We were watching a film named Ulam: Main Dish. It’s directed by a Filipino-American director, and it’s about Filipino / Filipino-American food.

Right before the film began, I was caught in this realization: this is a film created  by my people, for my people and about my people, and shared with an audience much larger than just us. This was the first time I had ever experienced a film of this nature. I could understand its stories and culture. The theatre went dark and before the film rolled, my eyes were already overflowed (洋溢)with pride.

I was watching this film at the Reel Asian Film Festival. At this year’s festival, I joined the Reel Asian team as their Social Media Assistant. This meant that during the festival I could actually get to speak to the filmmakers, actors, producers, etc. Particularly, I had the chance to speak to filmmakers about why a festival like this is important to them.

Through talking with them, I learned that there is something really unique about the Reel Asian Film Festival. It brings good Asian cinema a home in what is known as an incredibly diverse city, allowing these stories to be told to a diverse audience of diverse views.

For anyone looking to find themselves in a film, learn more about other cultures, and enjoy a good movie, I truly believe that Reel Asian is the place to be. As an annual event, it's so well planned and organized, and so much expectation is being built.

21How did the author probably feel while watching the movie?

AShe found the faces in the film strange.

BShe realized making a film was really hard.

CShe became very proud of being an American.

DShe could relate to the cultural information of the movie.

22What did the author’s position at the festival allow her to do?

AAsk directors for a role.                             BSell her works to producers.

CCommunicate with those making films.        DForm a filming team of her own.

23According to the author, what is a function of the festival mentioned?

AIntroducing Asian films to more people.

BIntroducing other cultures to Asian producers.

CHelping Asian people know more about foreign movies.

DHelping Asian restaurants develop new markets.

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2.

 Every year, over 7.72 trillion kilograms of plastic is washed into the oceans. There are five huge areas in the world’s oceans that are a “soup” of floating rubbish. One of these areas, the Great Pacific Garbage Patch (GPGP), is three times as large as France.

Over a year ago, a group called Ocean Cleanup began using a huge floating screen to try to clean up plastic pollution in the ocean. After several failures, the group is now collecting plastic in the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. But the plastic is spreading out over a large area, so it's impossible to collect it piece by piece. So, the Ocean Cleanup had a plan. They got a long floating U-shaped tube with a screen hanging below it. As the tube and screen are pushed by the water and the winds, the U is meant to collect plastic rubbish, making it easy for a ship to collect and remove the plastic. The system uses the power of the wind and ocean, so it doesn’t need fuel.

The group began testing the first version, called “System 001”, last September. But it soon became clear that the screen was just moving with the plastic, not collecting it. Sometimes plastic would wash over the top of the tube. Even worse, System 001 got broken by surging seas and had to be towed to Hawaii for repairs.

But Mr. Slat, who got the idea for the Ocean Cleanup system, sees the project as an experiment, which means a failure is a chance to learn. The team collected and studied lots of information about what worked well and what didn’t. Then they changed the design. In June, an improved version, called “System001/B” was towed back to the GPGP.

The new version has a parachute (降落伞) attached to it. This makes the system move slightly slower than the plastic, allowing the plastic to be collected inside, as planned. But this success is still just the beginning of the work of the Ocean Cleanup. They want a better and larger system.

24What does the author want to show in Paragraph 1?

AHumans should try to prevent plastic waste.

BThe GPGP is facing different kinds of pollution.

CPlastic pollution in the oceans has become a serious problem.

DA series of problems has been caused by plastic pollution.

25What was the group’s plan?

ATo make use of the water and the winds.

BTo create a ship to collect waste in the oceans.

CTo collect the floating plastic waste piece by piece.

DTo gather up the floating plastic waste in the oceans.

26What can we know about the “System001”?

AIt was a failure.                                         BIt was a great success.

CIt worked with a parachute.                         DIt needed to be fueled regularly.

27What does the underlined word mean in Paragraph 3?

Avast                       Brough                     Ccalm                      Dpeaceful

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3.

When you set a foot outside of your door to drop trash, go to a social event or go for a walk, thoughts like “I hope I don't see anyone I know” or “please don’ t talk to me” may run through your mind. I’ ve also said such things to myself. Sometimes the last thing you want to do is talk with someone, especially someone new.

Why do we go out of our ways to avoid people? Do we think meeting new people is a waste of time? Or are we just lazy, thinking that meeting someone new really is a trouble?

Communication is the key to life. We have been told that many times. Take the past generations, like our parents, for example. They seem to take full advantage of that whole “communication” idea because they grew up talking face to face while Generation-Y grew up staring at screens. We spend hours of our days sitting on Facebook. We send messages to our friends and think about all of the things we want to say to certain people that we don't have the courage to actually do in reality.

Nowadays, we are so caught up in our little circle of friends — our comfort zone. We love it that they laugh at our jokes, understand our feelings and can read our minds. Most importantly, they know when we want to be alone. They just get us.

Holding a conversation with someone new means agreeing with things that you don’t actually believe and being someone you think they want you to be — it is, as I said before, a trouble. It takes up so much energy, and at some point or another, it is too tiring.

But meeting new people is important. Life is too short, so meet all the people you can meet, make the effort to go out and laugh. Remember, Every “hello” leads to a smile — and a smile is worth a lot.

28What do we learn about the author?

AHe likes to be alone.

BHe feels stressed out lately.

CHe's active in attending social events.

DHe's afraid of talking to others at times.

29What's the problem of Generation-Y in the author’s eyes?

AThey rely on the Internet to socialize.

BThey are less confident in themselves.

CThey have difficulty in communicating.

DThey are unwilling to make new friends.

30Why do many young people avoid meeting new people?

AThey think it troublesome.

BThey are busy with their study.

CThey fear to disappoint their old friends.

DThey want to take time to do meaningful work.

31Why does the author write the text?

ATo tell about the importance of friends.

BTo give tips on how to meet new people.

CTo encourage people to meet new people.

DTo introduce the disadvantages of Generation-Y.

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4.

  If you are fond of learning languages, you must start learning Chinese. English is the most widely spoken language in the world and it is a more powerful language in all fields. But it is expected that Chinese, which is one of the six official languages of the United Nations (UN), will be the most important language in the coming years. What are the reasons behind the rapid spread of this language and why should you learn it?

My desire to learn languages was the reason why I studied many Latin languages and in the process, I deepened my knowledge of the languages and literature.  However, I did not feel  self-sufficient ( ) from  this knowledge. I gained a lot of information about the Western world. But my thinking was always about Asian civilizations. I always felt I needed to learn Chinese to be a global citizen (全球公民) because “without learning Chinese, we see with one eye”.

My contact with many international organizations and government institutions ( 机构 ) made me believe that Chinese is one of the most important languages of our time. After visiting the world’s most celebrated capitals such as Paris and London, I discovered that Chinese language can be seen everywhere in these places. In the subway in Paris, you will hear instructions in French, English and Chinese. In London, for example, the Chinese language was introduced for instruction in schools.

China is an important political (政治的) and economic country because it is making great economic progress that has never been seen before. The world is watching  China with great surprise, and this peaceful Chinese rise makes us decide to focus on learning the Chinese language and knowing more about Chinese culture.

To be a global citizen these days, I would advise you to learn Chinese. It will add more beauty to your life and allow you to better understand Chinese civilization.

32What can we learn about languages in the future according to the first paragraph?

ASome of them will disappear.

BMore official languages will be added to the UN.

CEnglish will still have an advantage over others.

DChinese language will probably be second to none.

33What do the examples in Paragraph 3 show?

AParis is a wonderful capital city worth a visit.

BChinese learning is very popular in schools in London.

CPeople in some western countries like speaking Chinese.

DChinese language is playing an important role in the world.

34What mainly causes Westerners to start learning Chinese according to the text?

AThe rise of Chinese economy.

BTheir love for language learning.

CTheir curiosity about Asian culture.

DThe long history of Chinese civilization.

35What could be the best title for the text?

AHow to be a global citizen

BChinese — the language you must learn

CWhat you should know about Chinese culture

DChinese economy—the most powerful engine

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5.

    One of the biggest enemies of smartphone batteries is the phones ’ screens. The screens keep getting bigger, and they need to keep bright for outdoor use. 36 But, a new OLED technology can increase brightness and energy efficiency ( 效率). The technology is being developed by a team at the Imperial College London. They’re using a special development process to produce OLEDs that give off polarized light  (偏振光).

So, what's that all meaning? Screens often include filters (滤光器) to help reduce unpleasant bright light from outside. 37 However, they also can prevent lots of the light from the screen itself. Any light that doesn’t make it to your eyes is basically wasted energy. By creating OLEDs that send out polarized light, the team can get the light from the OLEDs to pass through a polarized filter while light from outside will still get filtered by it.

For now, the technology doesn’t mean much for phones we have in our hands. Since it's still being researched, it's not likely to find its way for upcoming phones very soon. 38

When it does, it would result in brighter screens and improved energy efficiency. Screens would not use the same amount of energy to produce bright light because none of it would be filtered out. 39

And, that would mean much longer-lasting batteries for smartphones.

40 For example, smartwatches don't pack large batteries, so any efficiency improvement would have a strong benefit.

AThat means they will use more energy.

BPlenty of phones already get a full day of life.

CThis technology can be used in other areas as well.

DBut it would finally be applied to consumers’ phones.

E.It can give OLED screens a huge step forward in competition.

F.The new technology can almost double the efficiency of screens.

G.These make it easier to see the light coming from your phone's screen.

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三、完型填空(共1题)
1.

Finding Home

“I hate New Orleans! I wanna go home!” I    41    to my mother as we moved boxes.    42   , going home was not easy because my home was 1, 100 miles away.

I was born and    43    in northern Virginia. Virginia was my home, and I never expected that to    44    In 2014, my family experienced a tragedy (悲剧), so my parents decided to move to my mom’s hometown of New Orleans.

Only three months after my parents made the    45    to move, I found myself moving boxes into our new house. My announcement to my mother that I    46    the new environment was partly motivated by how hot it was, but it was mostly due to the fact that I felt like my entire life had been turned upside down. 1,100 miles away from everyone and everything I had ever known, I was    47   . To make matters worse, I was starting high school in two weeks. Beginning high school is a scary    48    on its own.

I spent my first few months in New Orleans,    49    wanting to go home to Virginia. But after a few months of missing home, I    50    that I had a choice. I could continue thinking about how much I missed my old home,    51    I could start trying to build a new home right here. I chose the latter.

As soon as I stopped giving all my    52    to how much I missed Virginia, I was able to begin accepting the love that people were already giving me. I joined some clubs at school, which gave me the chance to make friends. My neighbor taught me how to cook some New Orleans food, and I found a wonderful    53    of fellow cooks and neighbors. Overall, I seized every possible opportunity to    54    myself and to rebuild my life.

Because of my resilience (复原力) in creating a new home for myself and the    55    that people have shown to me, home is right here.

41Aannounced       Breplied                   Cturned                    Dpointed

42ATherefore        BInstead                   CHowever                DBesides

43Atrained            Braised                     Cpromoted               Dfed

44Adevelop           Bcontinue                 Cexist                      Dchange

45Acommand        Bsuggestion              Cexcuse                    Ddecision

46Apreferred         Bmissed                    Chate                       Dimagined

47Asurprised         Bfrightened               Cdelighted                Drelieved

48Aperformance    Bregion                    Cpresentation            Dexperience

49Apartly             Bbadly                     Cslightly                  Dhardly

50Arealized           Bremembered            Cobserved                Dcomplained

51Aand                 Bbut                         Cor                          Dso

52Aattention         Bpatience                  Ctrust                       Dconfidence

53Ageneration       Bcommunity             Crace                       Dschool

54Ateach              Baccept                    Cjudge                     Dbetter

55Abelief              Bfreedom                 Clove                       Dinterest

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四、阅读填空(共1题)
1.

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Festivals are occasions that allow us to relax and enjoy life. Their 56 (origin) range from the seasons of the year to important events. When it comes to celebrating  festivals,  different  cultures  actually  have  a lot 57 common. People celebrate the harvest festival after all the crops 58 (gather) in. Festivals are becoming more and more commercial, with businesses 59 (take) advantage of the celebrations.

At age 18, Dr Lin Qiaozhi chose to study medicine instead of marrying like the 60 (major) of girls. After graduation, she became the first woman ever  61 (hire) as a resident physician in the PUMC Hospital. When studying in the US in 1939, she impressed her American colleagues who invited her to stay. Dr Lin, 62, rejected the offer.

San Francisco was able to rebuild itself after the earthquake that 63 (occur) in 1906.The Mission District, one of the oldest parts of the city, used to be a poor area of town, 64 is now a center for art, music, and food. When gold was discovered in 1848 near San Francisco, many people came to seek their fortune and some Chinese opened up shops and restaurants to earn 65 living.

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难度:中等
知识点:其他
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五、未分类(共1题)
1.

根据单词释义,选择正确的单词选项。

66_______ n. a number of different things of the same general kind

67_______ adj. large or important enough to have an effect or to be noticed

68_______ adj. with a lot of decorations or bright colors

69_______ adj. means involving or relating to the buying and selling of goods

70_______ v. to say that you are annoyed, unhappy, or not satisfied with something.

71_______ adv. a way of emphasizing that something is true and that there is no doubt about it

72_______ v. to speak very quietly to sb. so that other people cannot hear what you are saying

73_______ adj. amusing and making you laugh

74_______ adj. connected with money, possessions, etc. rather than with the needs of the mind or spirit

75_______ n. a single article or object

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知识点:词汇
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试卷统计
试题总数:
28
总体难度:
中等
题型统计
大题类型
题目数
占比
选择题
20
71.42%
阅读理解
5
17.85%
完型填空
1
3.57%
阅读填空
1
3.57%
未分类
1
3.57%
知识点统计
知识点
题目数
占比
介词 介词短语
3
10.71%
非谓语动词
5
17.85%
词组 短语
3
10.71%
动词 动词短语
5
17.85%
虚拟语气
1
3.57%
未分类
1
3.57%
独立主格结构 with的复合结构
1
3.57%
倒装与省略
1
3.57%
文学艺术
1
3.57%
热点话题
1
3.57%
人际交往
1
3.57%
语言学习
1
3.57%
科普知识与现代技术
1
3.57%
周围的环境
1
3.57%
其他
1
3.57%
词汇
1
3.57%
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