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更新时间:2021-03-22
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1.

下列各句中均有一处错误,指出并改正。

1 (2019· 全国 )All the football players on the playground cheered loudly, say that I had a talent for football.

2 (2019· 全国 III)If I succeed in manage one, I will open more.

3 (2018· 全国 )My grandpa said last summer they earned quite a lot by sell the fish.

4 (2018· 全国 II)But no matter how many times I asked to watching them, my parents would not let me.

5 (2018· 全国 III)Everyone was silent, wait to see who would be called upon to read his or her paragraph aloud.

6 (2018· 全国 III)Some of us were confident and eager take part in the class activity, others were nervous and anxious.

查看答案
题型:短文改错
知识点:不定式
纠错
【答案】

1 say→saying

2 manage→managing

3 sell→selling

4 watching→watch

5 wait→waiting

6 eager 后加 to

【解析】

1 考查现在分词。句意:操场上所有的足球运动员大声欢呼,说我有足球天赋。句中谓语动词为 cheered say 在这里作伴随状语,与主语 players 是主动关系,故将 say 改为 saying

2 考查固定短语。 succeed in doing something 意为 成功做了某事 ,是固定短语。故把 manage 改为 managing

3 考查非谓语动词。 by 是介词,在这里是 通过 之意,后面用动名词作宾语。故把 sell 改成 selling

4 考查非谓语动词。 ask to do sth. 是固定结构,意思是 要求去做某事 。故把 watching 改成 watch

5 考查非谓语动词。根据语法分析, “wait to …paragraph aloud” 是作伴随状语, wait 的动作执行者是主语 everyone ,所以用现在分词。故把 wait 改成 waiting

6 考查非谓语动词。 be eager to do sth. 是固定结构,意思是 渴望去做 ……” ,故在 eager 后加 to

=
考点梳理:
根据可圈可点权威老师分析,试题“ 下列各句中均有一处错误,指出并改正。1.(2019·全国Ⅰ)Allthefootballplayersontheplaygroundcheeredloudly,saythatIhadatalentfo ”主要考查你对 不定式的完成式 等考点的理解。关于这些考点的“资料梳理”如下:
◎ 不定式的完成式的定义

不定式的完成式概念:

不定式的完成式主要表示已经完成的动作—既可能是表示先于谓语动作已经完成,也可能是先于某个特定时间已经完成。
如:I am sorry to have kept you waiting. (=I am sorry that I have kept you waiting) 对不起,让你久等了。

◎ 不定式的完成式的知识扩展
完成式表示的动作或状态发生在谓语动词表示的动作或状态之前。如:
I am sorry to have kept you waiting. (=I am sorry that I have kept you waiting)
对不起,让你久等了。
注意:若谓语表示“愿望、打算、意图”的动词时,如hope,think,want,plan,expect,mean,
intend等,其后可以跟不定式的完成式表示“本来想要或打算做某事,而实际上未能实现”。如:
We meant to have stopped him from doing such a thing.
◎ 不定式的完成式的知识导图

动词不定式时态知识体系:

 

◎ 不定式的完成式的知识点拨

不定式的完成式(to have+过去分词)的用法:

1、表示在主句谓语的动作之前发生的事情:
如:I'm glad to have met your parents here. 我很高兴在这儿见到了你父母(已见过)
        I'm sorry to have kept him waiting for me so long. 我很抱歉让他等了我这样久。(已经等过了)
2、动词不定式的完成式和下列动词的过去时连用,表示过去没有实现的事情:plan, hope, expect, be, intend, mean,w ish,等。注意一定是它们的过去时。另外还有should/wouldlike/love。这个结构表示“本打算/想/计划…”的意思。
例如:The game were to have taken place in Room. 比赛原计划在罗马举行。
            He planned to have gone abroad last week.=He planned to go abroad but he didn't. 他原计划上周出国的。
            I'd like to have been offered the job and(to have been)given the opportunity to prove myself. 我真想(当时)把这个工作给了我,给我个机会让我证明我自己。
同样的意思也可用上述动词的过去完成时加动词不定式的一般式来表达。
例如:I had hoped to visit the great pyramid.
          =I hoped to have visited the great pyramid.
          =I hoped to visitit, but I didn't. 我本希望参观大金字塔的。
            They would have liked to have your help.
          =They would like to have had your help.
          =They wanted to have your help but they didn't have it. 他们本想得到你帮助的。

◎ 不定式的完成式的知识拓展

不定式完成式的三点用法说明: 

(1)表示发生在谓语动作之前的动作。
如:He seems to have caught a cold. 他似乎感冒了。   
        I hate to have quarreled with her. 我后悔和她吵架了。   
        I'm sorry to have given you so much trouble. 对不起给了你这么多麻烦。   
(2)表示在某个给定的时间之前已完成的动作。
如:I hope to have finished the work by now. 我希望现在以前已完成这项工作。   
(3)表示过去未曾实现的想法和愿望。
如:I should like to have come earlier. 我本想早点来的。   
        We were to have been married last year. 我们本来打算去年结婚的。

◎ 不定式的完成式的教学目标
1、掌握不定式的完成式的构成及重点动词后不定式的用法。
2、掌握不定式的完成式在固定结构中的用法。
◎ 不定式的完成式的考试要求
能力要求:综合运用
课时要求:2
考试频率:必考
分值比重:4
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