A. attached B. commercially C. expectations D. managed E. obstacles F. personal
G. positive H. relatively I. samples J. sensitive K. shelved
This invention, commonly used in offices and households throughout the world, came about as a result of a series of accidents. In 1968 Spencer Silver, who was working for a company called 3M at the time, was trying to produce super-strong adhesive, a substance making things sticky together, to be used in the building of planes. This, however, wasn’t successful and instead he succeeded in creating an extremely weak adhesive that was 31 to pressure. This new adhesive had two advantages: it could be removed from surfaces quite easily and it could be reused. In spite of these two 32 features, nobody could see any practical use for it. In the end, the invention was 33 .
A few years later, Art Fry, a product development engineer working for 3M, decided to use this adhesive for 34 use. He stuck strips of paper in a book as page marker and a whole new concept was born. However, the idea still wasn’t without 35 . The challenge was to make the glue stay on the sticky note itself, rather than peeling off and staying on the surface it was 36 to. Two more 3M employees were brought in and set the task of producing a coating for the adhesive so that it wouldn’t come off and they 37 just that. Unfortunately, 3M bosses still believed that this invention wasn’t going to be 38 successful and people would continue to use crap paper(小纸条) for their notes rather than sticky notes. This is why sticky notes were only tested within the company, where they became extremely popular. It wasn’t until many years later that 3M bosses finally decided to give out a vast amount of free 39 to other companies to see if anyone would be interested in buying them. To their surprise, 90 per cent of the companies approached went on to order more sticky notes. This went beyond anybody’s 40 . Nowadays, sticky notes come in a variety of shapes and colours and are sold in more than 100 countries.
61．Leonardo do Vinci（1452-1519）is said (buy) birds kept in cages in order to have the pleasure of setting them free.
62．It is not how much we do but how much love we put into what we do benefits our work most.
63．He (gain) full marks, but be was so careless as to make a spelling mistake.
64．The time and effort he has devoted during the past few years (plant) trees in that remote area is now considered to be of great value.
65．This is the second time I (take) pictures with my own camera.
66．The government demanded that every effort (make) to bring down house prices.
67．No matter how frequently (perform), the works of Beethoven still attract people all over the world, people all over the world.
68．We would rather our daughter (stay) at home with us, but it is her choice, and she is not a child any longer.
69．Although (lay off) and entering into retirement are far from the same, they both leave one more time on the hand.
70． A (除了…以外)its good service, the restaurant offers different kinds of traditional Anhui Cuisinc（传统徽菜）.
can help ground rather than encourage by plant we off unless
There are many ways to save the environment if you would like. In this passage, you can find some ways.
Plant more trees. Choose a right 36.________ near your house or workplace. 37.________ there’s any rule stopping you growing trees in that area, go ahead and grow trees. Plant a tree every month and 38.________ your friends and classmates to join you. Have more and more trees 39.________ and there will come a day when you have green land thanks to your hard work.
Walk more and drive less. Choose to walk 40.________ drive your car. Walk or ride a bicycle to work if it’s not very far. Not only cycling but walking is good exercise. And each time you avoid using your car, you’re doing something 41.________ to cut down air pollution. You are saving fuel, saving money and keeping fit as well.
Save water. Water is very important for living things. It’s 42.________ who use and pollute it. The simplest way to save water is turning 43.________ water taps after use. When you visit a beach, make sure that you don’t throw waste around. Do not pollute rivers 44.________ dropping garbage or other waste. Water is so precious, so we 45.________ waste or pollute it.
Many students eat their breakfasts on the way to school or in the dinningroom.But some of them don’t really know how to eat well when eating out.
Here are some important advice.The first is to eat less fast food.The most obvious harm of eating too much fast food is weight gaining because of too much fat.Young people and adults are at risk of disease related to weight.
Too much fast food can drag your body down.French fries，for example，were recently found to contain much more acrylamide(丙烯酰胺) than other food.This may cause cancer.Actually，deep fried food all contains acrylamide.So don’t eat it too often.
Soda is another thing you should watch out for.Cokes and other sodas contain a lot of sugar and can slow down a person’s calcium absorption，so it’s best to drink as little soda as possible.
Food in the dinningroom may not be as tasty as fast food，but it’s actually easier to make healthy choices.Human bodies need variety.You can have a dinner that balances lean proteins，vitamins and complex carbohydrates (碳水化合物)．In other words，a meal with fish or meat，vegetables and some bread or rice will provide you with most nutrients that the body needs.
Some snacks，on the other hand，will help keep you going until your next big meal.It is natural for teenagers，especially boys，to feel hungry during school time.Don’t forget to take some foods，like wholegrain biscuits or lowfat milk in your school bag.
Title：Advice on 76.________
Eat less fast food
French fries and other
79.________ fried food
Too much 80.________
Cause weight gaining
Lead to 81.________
Lots of sugar
Fish or meat，vegetables and some bread or rice
Lean proteins，vitamins and complex carbohydrates
Provide most nutrients that the body needs
Wholegrain biscuits or lowfat milk
Keep you going until next big meal
We all need physical exercise. Exercise uses up food we eat and keeps the body energetic. It works your muscles and makes your heart work hard so as to send blood to your muscles. So, exercise makes your heart and muscles strong. Exercise also makes you feel refreshed. If you take regular exercises, you will stay happy and healthy.
Some Western countries, such as the United States, have problems with exercise. In the US, many people lack exercise because it is hard for them. People have to work from dawn till dusk, so they don't have time to take exercise. They work in office buildings sitting in chairs all day long in front of computers. They cannot get much exercise sitting at desk passively.
Some Westerners can get exercise walking from their homes to work. However, the majority of people cannot do this. It is too far from their homes to their offices. They have no choice but to drive to work. In fact, some have to drive one or two hours to their offices. This is unfavorable in two ways. First, these people don't have a chance to exercise because they are sitting in their cars for two to four hours each day. Second, driving is challenging especially in rush hours and calls for too much attention. It makes a person very tired. So, when these people arrive home at night, they don't have the desire to take exercise after work.
Today, many people in the West are overweight, which causes health problems for them. Doctors say exercise can help people both lose weight and improve their health. So many people are trying to get more exercise. But it takes time to change, and when people don't see a difference right away, they will be discouraged and stop exercising.
Westerners (76) ▲ Exercise
The (77) ▲ that people can get from exercise
●Keep your body (78) ▲ .
●Make you feel good.
●Help you stay healthy and happy if you exercise (79) ▲ .
●Help you lose weight and get your health (80) ▲ .
One (81) ▲ for not getting enough exercise for some westerners
Some people at work are too (82) ▲ to exercise.
The difficulty those who drive to work have in exercising
●Some live too (83) ▲ away from their workplace so they have to drive to work.
●After driving back at night, they are too (84) ▲ so they don’t want to exercise.
The wrong attitude to exercise some people have
Some would (85) ▲ heart if they don’t see a difference within a short time.
When your dream is to become a footballer, nothing should get in your way—even if you are disabled.
Gabriel Muniz, an 11-year-old Brazilian kid, was born without 56 . Although his family thought he would have trouble 57 a normal life, he started walking before he was one year old. His mother would go after him, expecting him to keep falling, 58 he never fell. He took a while to make the jump from walking to playing football. In fact, there' s nothing he loves more than playing football. In his school, Gabriel not only does 59 than other players in his school team but also is the captain of his gym team.
He knows that his disability means he will never be able to play for a 60 football team. So Gabriel is hoping that football 61 a Paralympics (残奥会 ) event one day. He proved to everyone there he could go neck and neck with any other boy 62 . Watching him play is unbelievable. In the past few years he 63 a number of football skills. He does everything he can to copy Messi who he admires most. Luckily, he 64 to go to Spain to meet his idol Messi and showed his talent in the Barcelona Football Club last year.
Besides his talent, several achievements of 65 were also surprising. His coach said he is proving that the disability only lies inside our heads and he is challenging the social rules.
equip with leave alone deadline without regard to when it comes to grow up
in return for go through what if show up stick to feel guilty about
1. The little girl’s dream is to be a famous singer and actress when she ___________ in the future.
2. As the Best Winner of the contest of Outlook 2012 English Talent Contest, she ___________ great pressure to compete with students all over the country then.
3. These days almost all the schools in Shanghai ___________ advanced facilities in the labs.
4. When you start a conversation with a British guy for the first time, do remember ___________ subjects of a casual nature, such as weather.
5. Don’t bother him now; he wants to ___________.
6. I wish I could do something ___________ the kindness I have received from him.
7. The students burnt the midnight oil to meet the ___________ of his homework.
8. The hardworking father always ___________ spending too little time with his son.
9. ___________ the popularity of Apple products, opinions vary from person to person.
10. ___________ we move the picture over there? Do you think it looks better?
A new report by the World Health Organization (WHO) reveals that around one in a hundred deaths worldwide is due to passive smoking, which kills an estimated 600,000 people a year.
In the first study to assess the global (41) ___________ of second-hand smoke, WHO experts find that children are more (42) ________ exposed to second-hand smoke than any other age-group, and around 165,000 of them a year die because of it.
Children’s exposure to second-hand smoke is most likely to happen at home, and the double blow of infectious diseases and tobacco seems to be a deadly (43) __________ for children in these regions. Commenting on the findings, Heather Wipfli and Jonathan Samet from the University of Southern California, said policymakers try to (44) _________ families to stop smoking in the home.
While deaths due to passive smoking in children were skewed(曲解) toward poor and middle-income countries, deaths in adults were (45) _________ across countries at all income levels.
In Europe’s high-income countries, only 71 child deaths occurred, while 35,388 deaths were in adults. Yet in the countries like Africa, an estimated 43,375 deaths due to passive smoking were in children (46) ___________ with 9,514 in adults.
Only 7.4 percent of the world population currently lives in places with (47) __________ smoke-free laws, and those laws are not always (48) __________ enforced(施行). In places where smoke-free rules are (49) ___________, research shows that exposure to second-hand smoke in high-risk places like bars and restaurants can be cut by 90 percent, and in general by 60 percent, the researchers said.
Studies also show such laws help to reduce the number of cigarettes smoked by smokers and lead to higher (50) _____________ rates in those trying to quit.
No one knows what would happen in the future for sure.61．we often think of the future and wonder what the world would be like 62．a hundred years' time.
Think of space. Perhaps 63．permanent station on the moon will have been set up. Perhaps people will be able to visit the moon as a64．(tour). Cheap rockets for space travel will have been developed, permitting long journeys throughout the solar system. 65．that time comes, people will be taking holidays in space66．visiting other planets, such as the Mars Colony and the Venus Exploration Outpost.
Scientists of the future will almost certainly find other ways to make life last67．(long). 68．probably will find cures for most diseases. If a hospital 69．(have) a "body bank", it will give you almost any new part you need to keep on 70．(live). People of the future may live to be a lot older than 100 years.
If you feel stressed by responsibilities at work, you should take a step back and identify (识别) those of 61 (great) and less importance. Then, handle the most important tasks first so you’ll feel a real sense of 62 (achieve). Leaving the less important things until tomorrow 63 (be) often acceptable.
Most of us are more focused 64 our tasks in the morning than we are later in the day. So, get an early start and try to be as productive 65 possible before lunch. This will give you the confidence you need to get you through the afternoon and go home feeling accomplished.
Recent 66 (study) show that we are far more productive at work if we take short breaks 67 (regular). Give your body and brain a rest by stepping outside for 68 while, exercising, or dong something you enjoy.
If you find something you love doing outside of the office, you’ll be less likely 69 (bring) your work home. It could be anything ― gardening, cooking, music, sports — but whatever it is, 70 (make) sure it’s a relief from daily stress rather than another thing to worry about.
Mary will never forget the first time she saw him. He suddenly appeared in the class one day, 61． (wear) sun glasses. He walked in as if he 62． (buy) the school. And the word quickly got around that he was from New York City.
For some reason he sat beside Mary. Mary felt 63． (please), because there were many empty seats in the room. But she quickly realized that it wasn’t her, it was probably the fact that she sat in 64． last row.
____65． he thought he could escape attention by sitting at the back, he was wrong. It might have made it a little 66． (hard) for everybody because it meant they had to turn around, but that didn’t stop the kids in the class. Of course whenever they turned to look at him, they had to look at Mary, 67． made her feel like a star.
“Do you need those glasses for medical reasons?” the teacher asked. The new boy_68． (shake) his head. “Then I’d appreciate 69． if you didn’t wear them in the class. I like to look your eyes when I’m speaking to you.” The new boy looked at the teacher for a few seconds and all the other students wondered 70． the boy would do. Then he took them off, gave a big smile and said, “That is cool.”
This is a simple story but it make me feel proud.I 61 （drive）along the road when I saw a young couple 62 （run）crazily for a bus.The bus pulled away from the stop just as they arrieved!
I slowed down and noticed 63 upset they looked.So I stopped and said,“Jump in!I'll overtake（超过）the bus and you can catch it at the next stop.”
They were 64 （amaze）at the offet,but they still got into the car.I followed the bus I just couldn't overtake a bus that didn't stop on often!
After talking with my new passengers,I knew they were 66 （visit）to the area.They were both vey greatful 67 to me and said it was the nicest thing that could have happened to 68 （they）as they were not familiar with Brighton.I 69 （simple）smiled and said,“It's what we do ib Brighton!”It is 70 great way to show that you are proud of where you are!
Johann Strauss was born in Vienna in 1825．Although his father did not want him to become a 61(music)，Strauss Junior studied the violin 62(secret)as a child．When his father discovered his son practising on a violin one day，he gave him a beating， 63 (say)that he was going to beat the music out of the boy．But that didn’t prevent the boy from becoming one of the 64 (great)composers of all time．
He wrote his first waltz at the age of six．At nineteen，he decided to devote 65(he)to music．He formed his own orchestra and made a successful tour of Europe and soon became known 66 the Waltz King．The emperor of Austria was so 67(please)with his music that he appointed him．the conductor at the court balls of Vienna．It Was for these occasions 68．He wrote some of his most popular waltzes，among 69 was the well-known favourite The Blue Danube．In all，the talented Johann Strauss 70(write)more than 500 masterpieces．
W: Hi, Mr. Lee, I am 41 reporter from the New York Times. It will be great 42 you can tell me some information about chopsticks, 43 their origin and the materials they are made from.
M: Good question. Chopsticks originated in China, but they are 44 (wide) used in many Asian countries. Chopsticks may be made of any of the 45 (follow) materials: bamboo, wood, gold, silver, ivory, or plastic, and they may be 46 round or square. Some chopsticks are decorated 47 colored pictures. Ordinary chopsticks used in Chinese homes are made of wood or bamboo. In ancient times, the rich used jade or gold chopsticks to display their wealth. Many kings and emperors used silver chopsticks to see if their food had been poisoned.
W: OK, thank you. And I’d like to know why Chinese people use chopsticks. 48 not knives and forks, like Americans?
M: Oh, that is a good question. I think Chinese people choose chopsticks, rather than knives and forks, because Chinese people, under the influence of Confucianism, have traditionally 49
(consider) knives and forks as symbolizing a type of violence. On the other hand, chopsticks reflect 50 (gentle) and kindness. And maybe Chinese food simply seems to taste better when eaten with chopsticks.
Husband: Where have you been, Maria? I 45 (think) you would have been home three hours 46 (early).
Wife: Well, I had several things 47 (do) and the traffic was terrible.
Husband: I heard about that 48 the radio. There was a big traffic jam.
Wife: Yes. I was going to the bank hurriedly. 49 , I sat in traffic, not 50 (move) for one hour.
Husband: That doesn’t sound like any fun.
Wife: Then I had to go to the grocery store and, 51 is often the case, there wasn’t any parking.
Husband: I know. It’s gotten so 52 (crowd). Where did you park?
Wife: Down the street. About 53 ten-minute walk.
Husband: That’s terrible.
Wife: Then I had to stop at the post office, and 54 took 45 minutes to mail a package!
Husband: What a day! At least you’re home now.
Recently I failed an exam. However, when I came out of my teacher's office, I told myself, “Smile! It's not so serious.”
I smiled a big smile and it __61__(work) a little, really.
Everyone gets __62__(disappoint) sometimes. I used to be always influenced by pressure and I was often in low spirits. But one day I meet __63__ a sentence in the Bible, “Do not be anxious about tomorrow, for tomorrow will be anxious for itself, let the day's own trouble be enough for the day.” __64__suddenly occurred to me that __65__(worry) about a problem doesn't help. Why not just give a big smile and face up to the trouble？”
Now every time I want to cry, I remind myself that__66__ (laugh) is better than tears and anger. I __67__(deep) believe that there's something magical about a smile. A smile helps me recover confidence and gives me __68__ courage to move on.
Remember, whenever you're faced with a setback, __69__difficulty you come across, all it takes is determination and you can feel happy again. Smile at life, __70__ it will shine on you.
David will never for get what happened to him the day before yesterday．He41．(eat)something at home when he received a strange phone call from a hospital．The caller said that his son 42．(fall) to the ground unconscious on the way to schoo1．It was he43．took him to the hospital．David hung up his cell phone and rushed to his son’s classroom，only to find him listening to the teacher attentively．He suddenly realized that he had been cheated，but he felt44． (relieve)．Just at that time the phone rang again，saying，“Your son is in great danger and he needs45．immediate operation which costs 48，000 yuan．The doctors here say they will not operate46．your son until they receive the money．’’When 47．(ask) from where the caller had taken his son to hospital，the caller rang off．David gave a big smile and said．“What a pity!”
If the cheater thought he could get money from David in such a48．(honest)way, he was wrong．Such phone calls are common these days．A few of them might have fallen victims to such tricks．Most parents are sensitive to49．．It was really silly to cheat well—educated men like David．
Believe it or not，it’s a true story．The50．(colleague)in his office can confirm it，such as Tom，Peter and so on．
With the invention of personal computers, the Internet, and cellphones, people now have more immediate access 71. ______ others and information than any time in history. Losing that access can lead to “disconnect anxiety,” 72. ______ is a psychological term used to describe the anxious or depressed feelings that people experience when they are 73.______ (able) to use their cellphones or cannot log on to the Internet. Some people 74.______ (affect) by disconnect anxiety start to feel upset when they can’t reach their cellphone contacts or friends online. 75.______ worry about not being able to respond to emergencies. Still others are 76.______ dependent on their cellphones that they are afraid of missing any phone calls. So far cellphones and the Internet 77.______ (become) the most important things in these people’s lives. They can’t afford 78.______ (live) without them. However, these people should understand that they cannot enjoy the 79.______ (convenient) that this new technology offers if they don’t use these devices in 80.______ reasonable way.
Many parents believe that computers are the key to success though they don’t always know best. And they are also insisting that children (61)_______________(teach) to use them in school as early as possible. Meanwhile, teachers find themselves (62)_______________(catch) in the middle of the problem between parent pressure and wise educational decisions. Many schools are giving in to parental (63)_______________(patience) and are purchasing hardware (64)_______________ sound educational planning. Educators do not even agree (65)_______________ how computers should be used. Even those who believe that all children should have access (66)_______________ computers warn of potential dangers to the very young. The temptation remains strong largely (67)________________ young children adapt so well to computers. (68)_______________, not every school can afford to go into computing, and that creates another problem: a (69)_____________(divide) between the haves and the have-nots. Very few parents are agitating for(倡导) computer instruction in poor school districts, (70)_______________ there may be barely enough money to pay the teacher.
One Sunday morning in August I went to a local music festival. I left it early because I had an appointment 56 (late) that day. My friends walked me to the bus stop and waited with me until the bus arrived. I got on the bus and 57 (find) a seat near the back, and then I noticed a man sitting at the front. He 58 (pretend) that a tiger toy was real and giving it a voice. He must be mentally disabled.
Behind him 59 (be) other people to 60 he was trying to talk, but after some minutes they walked away and sat near me, 61 (look) annoyed.
I didn’t want to be laughed at for talking to him but I didn’t like leaving him 62 his own either. After a while I 63 (rise) from my seat and walked to the front of the bus. I sat next to the man and introduced me. We had 64 amazing conversation. He got off the bus before me and I felt very happy the rest of the way home.
I’m glad I made a choice. It made 65 of us feel good.