Accomplishment is often deceptive (导致误解的) because we don’t see the pain and perseverance that produced it. So we may credit the __36__ with brains or lucky break, and let ourselves off the hook(为自己开脱) because we 37 in both two. Not that we could all be concert pianists just by exercising enough discipline. ___38___, each of us has the makings of success in some effort, but we will achieve this only if we ___39___ our wills and work at it.
How can we acquire stick-to-itiveness? There is no simple, fast ___40___. But I have developed a way of thinking that has 41 my own weak will more than once. Here are the basic elements:
“Won’t” power. This is as important as will power. Discipline means choices. Every time you say yes to a goal or objective, you say no to many more. Every prize has its ___42___. The prize is the yes; the price is the no. Igor Gorin, the noted Ukrainian-American baritone(男中音), told of his early days studying ___43___. He loved to smoke a pipe, but one day his professor said, “Igor, you will have to made up your mind ___44___ you are going to be a great singer, or a great pipe smoker. You cannot be both.” ___45___, the pipe went.
Delayed gratification (喜悦). M. Scott Peck, M.D., author of the best-seller The Road less Traveled, ___46___ this tool of discipline as “a process of ___47___ the pain and pleasure of life in such a way as to enhance the ___48___ by meeting and experiencing the pain first and ___49___ it over with.”
This might ___50___ routine daily decisions—something as ___51___ as skipping a favorite late-night TV show and getting to bed early, to be wide awake for a meeting the next morning. Or it might involve longer-term ___52___.
The secret of such commitment is getting past the pain and seeing the delight. “The fact is that many ___53___ efforts aren’t fun,” says one radio and TV commentator. “True, all work and no play makes Johnny a dull boy. But trying to turn everything we do into ___54___ makes for terrible frustrations, because life—even the most rewarding one—includes circumstances that aren’t ___55___ at all. I like my job as a journalist. It’s personally satisfying, but it isn’t always joyful.”
36. A. producer B. applicant C. achiever D. performer
37. A. fall short B. come over C. leave behind D. work out
38. A. Meanwhile B. Still C. Rather D. Besides
39. A. restrict B. delay C. apply D. prefer
40. A. dimension B. formula C. dilemma D. foundation
41. A. damaged B. allowed C. suffered D. rescued
42. A. root B. result C. price D. goal
43. A. sound B. voice C. noise D. whistle
44. A. that B. if C. whether D. how
45. A. Instead B. Moreover C. However D. Therefore
46. A. forms B. manages C. shapes D. describes
47. A. determining B. scheduling C. mixing D. substitutes
48. A. commitment B. tool C. mind D. pleasure
49. A. look B. think C. take D. get
50. A. make B. involve C. attach D. undergo
51. A. reasonable B. delightful C. simple D. strange
52. A. resolutions B. debates C. contrasts D. routines
53. A. visible B. experimental C. worthwhile D. challenging
54. A. work B. play C. hobbies D. efforts
55. A. unique B. smooth C. easy D. fun
This autumn was the wettest since records began in the UK. Floods 16 large parts of the country. In Australia floods have covered an area the 17 of the whole of Britain. How does it happen？Cars, factories and power stations 18 carbon dioxide (CO2) into the air. This gas 19 the air and causes the polar ice to melt (融化). Sea level across the world 20 . What are we going to do about it？In 1990, 21 of all the big nations met in Japan and agreed to reduce the 22 of CO2 they put into the air. Ten years later, in November 2000, the leaders 23 again in Holland to discuss the situation and decide what to do next. Maybe the 24 is one of the ways.
The village of Yaluman 25 in the mountains of Chia-pas, a province of southern Mexico. Its 26 are Mayan Indians. They are some of the poorest people in a poor country. 27 now they have an extra source of money. They are being 28 to grow, develop and look after forests by the organization in 29 of Formula One racing (一级方程式比赛).
Every year, the global Formula One racing pumps 5,500 tons of CO2 into the air. The idea is that the 30 around Yaluman will take in this amount. It will also 31 local people with money to wipe out motor racing’s 32 debt (债).
Projects like this go under the 33 of “Carbon trading”. The basic idea is that governments and companies can buy the 34 to pump CO2 into the air by investing (投资) in 35 materials that take it out again.
16. A. covered B. removed C. replaced D. flowed
17. A. width B. height C. length D. size
18. A. fill B. pump C. press D. lose
19. A. rushes away B. gets up C. cools down D. heats up
20. A. rises B. raises C. sinks D. improves
21. A. organizations B. leaders C. businessmen D. companies
22. A. temperature B. number C. amount D. quality
23. A. went B. came C. arrived D. met
24. A. next B. last C. following D. above
25. A. lies B. locates C. lays D. falls
26. A. languages B. words C. people D. cultures
27. A. But B. And C. So D. Therefore
28. A. paid B. given C. taken D. spent
29. A. need B. favour C. honour D. charge
30. A. mountains B. forests C. fields D. tracks
31. A. show B. appreciate C. provide D. support
32. A. direct B. indirect C. economical D. environmental
33. A. control B. name C. condition D. help
34. A. idea B. method C. right D. debt
35. A. green B. white C. light D. heavy
Every one of us, rich or poor, should at least have one or two good friends. I learned that a true friend is the most important in my life after I had gone 41 so many terrible things. I felt upset when I was told that I would have to 42 the company. As I had a very big family to 43 and was in great need of money, what I was 44 about was how to find another new job. In order to 45 this problem, I rushed from place to place like crazy. I read almost all the newspapers and 46 almost all the telephone numbers in the newspaper 47 in my notebook and tried to call almost all the companies that needed new 48 . Not until I found a job in a small town near Townsville had I 49 down. My new boss, Mr Johnson, was one of my good friends since primary school. “Why didn’t you 50 me until now? Was it 51 to do that? Explain to me the reason, ”he said, 52 me a cup of hot coffee. Both of us were happy to see each other and we 53 the whole afternoon talking about things and persons that we 54 at school. John asked me to give him some advice about 55 to enlarge his present business and he was entirely happy about my 56 . To my great surprise, he offered me a 57 which didn’t need much experience because I was not 58 with this field but the pay I got was much more than 59 . The moment I saw my 60 , the sum of money given by the company, I cried for the first time—that was the first time for me to do so since I grew up.
41. A. over B. through C. around D. for
42. A. leave B. desert C. choose D. operate
43. A. care B. protect C. love D. support
44. A. particular B. curious C. concerned D. excited
45. A. get B. raise C. explain D. solve
46. A. wrote down B. turned down C. looked for D. stood for
47. A. books B. surveys C. reports D. advertisements
48. A. customers B. bosses C. clerks D. students
49. A. broken B. slowed C. sunk D. calmed
50. A. contact B. trust C. look D. find
51. A. hopeless B. harmful C. worth D. important
52. A. buying B. sharing C. handing D. showing
53. A. spent B. wasted C. spared D. saved
54. A. discussed B. debated C. remembered D. imagined
55. A. what B. how C. which D. when
56. A. abilities B. answers C. interests D. suggestions
57. A. job B. chance C. fortune D. service
58. A. popular B. familiar C. patient D. content
59. A. offered B. required C. expected D. needed
60. A. tip B. share C. fare D. salary
In the week before Christmas, one Delta airlines pilot gave a sad Arizona family a gift that no one else could.
Father of three, Jay short died after a 41 with lung cancer Dec, 16th. Three days later, his family was attempting to 42 to Tennessee for the funeral scheduled for the next morning. But a 90-munite 43 at the Phoenix airport 44 them only seven minutes to make their connecting flight in Minnesota. “This was our 45 chance to say goodbye to my dad, and if we hadn’t 46 the flight, we would have missed the 47 .” Jay’s daughter said. But when they arrived at the gate, the last plane of the day to Memphis was 48 away from the gate.
“My son was 49 his arms and pleading with the pilot through the floor-to-ceiling windows.” said Marcia, “I was 50 and comforting my girls who were also in tears when the phone rang, 51 us that the pilot was returning to the gate to let us 52 the plane.” Captain Adam Cohen saw the 53 on their faces through the gate’s windows and decided to turn the plane around. Airline experts pointed out Cohen could have 54 gotten into trouble for the 55 decision, but Delta 56 the move instead. “This is 57 we’ll take with us, knowing we made a 58 .” confirmed Adam.
This story is an 59 that we can bring humanity back to society. Show care and it may 60 you how far that you go.
41. A. competition B. symptom C. connection D. battle
42. A ride B run C fly D. drive
43. A. wait B. delay C. interval D. sleep
44. A. spared B. offered C. brought D. left
45. A. last B. slight C. rare D. proper
46. A. followed B. caught C. booked D. confirmed
47. A. doctor B. meeting C. polite D. funeral
48. A. keeping B. bringing C. pulling D. taking
49. A. raising B. waving C folding D. crossing
50. A. struggling B. shouting C. crying D. praying
51. A. advising B. informing C. warning D. instructing
52. A. land B. guide C. change D. board
53. A. appreciation B. satisfaction C. desperation D. caution
54. A. easily B. merely C. optionally D. deliberately
55. A. careless B. unusual C. selfless D. unwise
56. A. resisted B. opposed C. praised D. sponsored
57. A. nothing B. something C. anything D. everything
58. A. difference B. change C. promise D. deal
59. A. activity B. event C. incident D. evidence
60. A. surprise B. panic C. disappoint D. embarrass
Did you know that there is a fruit juice that you can cook with, wash. with and 41 things with? What is it? It's olive oil, of course, and it's fast becoming the most popular 42 in the world.
43 people in Mediterranean countries such as Greece, Italy and Spain have been using olive oil for over 4,000 years, it has only recently become 44 in other parts of the world. In fact, people beyond the Mediterranean used to think of olive oil as a(n) 45 but expensive treat. 46 , recent studies linking an olive oil-rich 47 with low rates of heart disease have made the rest of the world sit up and 48 . As a result, more and more people have come to realize the many health and nutritional 49 of giving up other oils and using
olive oil instead. As well as tasting delicious and being the 50 cooking oil available, olive oil has many other 51 . It is used.in many cosmetics(化妆品), hair conditioners and soaps. It also has a wide variety of lesser-known uses, such as fixing noisy doors and 52 polishing diamonds. It's a also a preservative (防腐剂), and will keep fish and cheese 53 for years.
Perhaps more important, though, is olive oil's value as 54 . Not only can eating olive oil 55 the risk of serious diseases, such as cancer and heart disease, it can also have a 56 effect on many stomach disorders. On top of this, Mediterranean people have traditionally used it to 57 minor wounds and illnesses. This could explain why people in Mediterranean countries tend to 58 longer. So the next time you go shopping, don't 59 to add olive oil to your list. It will make your food 60 better and your life last longer!
41. A. mix B. fill C. cover D. preserve
42.A.fruit B.oil C.juice D.plant
43. A. Because B. Although C. When D. Since
44. A. popular B. natural C. nutritional D. expensive
45. A. native B. common C. familiar D. unusual
46. A. Besides B. Otherwise C. Therefore D. However
47. A. diet B. soap C. cheese D. stomach
48. A. stay hungry B. keep calm C. make faces D. take notice
49. A. problems B. benefits C. goals D. challenges
50. A. cheapest B. latest C. healthiest D. earliest
51.A. uses B.ways C. origins D. sources
52. A. still B. once C. even D. again
53. A. clean B. fresh C. safe D. dry
54. A. food B. treasure C. drink D. medicine
55. A. face B. increase C. lower D. measure
56. A. good B. limited C. slight D. negative
57. A. check B. spread C. develop D. treat
58. A. sleep B. live C. eat D. walk
59. A. choose B. forget C. agree D. expect
60. A. feel B. look C. taste D. grow
You’ve heard of Petfinder. Com — a website that helps rescue groups find loving homes for 31 . Maybe you have even found your own pet through the 32 . But do you know Petfinder started as an idea that came on the way to a New Year’s dinner?
Back in 1995 Google wasn’t a verb and Facebook and QQ didn’t 33 . The world wide web was more of a wild world. My husband Jared was a doctor and I worked for urban forestry. But we thought that anything was 34 on the web. It wasn’t used effectively.
We wanted to create a 35 . The question was, who would 36 a lot from our website? That was what we were discussing in the car that night on the way to meet friends for 37 . We thought about many ideas. “The website would make use of technology for a 38 responsible cause,” Jared finally said.
What cause needed our help? 39 , we both thought of animal shelters. Sure, we loved animals and I’d “ 40 ” them when I was a kid — like the snake I found in the backyard and persuaded (说服) my parents to let me 41 it. But now my 42 was on planting trees and Jared put his heart into 43 the sick. We didn’t even have a 44 . Yet I knew every year, millions of abandoned pets -- healthy, loving animals who wanted only a home ---were killed.
We couldn’t wait to tell our friends our 45 . They volunteered to help. Jared and I worked on Petfinder.com—that’s what we 46 it. We wanted the site to be 47 to potential adopters. That meant all expenses 48 our own pocket. However, we knew if we saved just one life a month, it would be worth it.
Two years later our site went 49 . Today, more than 12,500 animals welfare groups 50 information about animals on Petfinder; 65 percent of animal adoptions in the US come through the site.
31. A. people B. kids C. animals D. things
32. A. notice B. site C. newspaper D. radio
33. A. change B. work C. end D. appear
34. A. great B. true C. possible D. unbelievable
35. A. world B. home C. place D. website
36. A. separate B. offer C. prevent D. get
37. A. help B. dinner C. fun D. advice
38. A. socially B. privately C. formally D. physically
39. A. At first B. In the end C. At present D. At the end
40. A. enjoyed B. lost C. killed D. saved
41. A. kill B. eat C. keep D. play
42. A. timetable B. hobby C. focus D. habit
43. A. comforting B. curing C. encouraging D. supporting
44. A. child B. backyard C. home D. pet
45. A. difficult B. story C. idea D. situation
46. A. named B. produced C. expected D. dreamed
47. A. familiar B. free C. valuable D. convenient
48. A. came into B. came up with C. came to D. came out of
49. A. national B. abroad C. uncontrollable D. normal
50. A. buy B. find C. post D. trade
Christmas, an important festival, is now celebrated in many countries. On Christmas Eve last year people from every corner 41 into the streets. On the pavements, the street singers performed happily. Everyone was accompanied by someone else, 42 and cheerful. However, I was alone.
As one of eight kids of a Brazilian family, brought up in America's crowded apartment, I'd spent several years searching for aloneness. Now, 43 , at 27, a college student after the 44 with my girlfriend, every cell inside me wanted to be alone, 45 not at Christmas. My family had 46 to Brazil and my friends were 47 with their own lives. Dusk was approaching, and the fact that I had to return to my 48 home made me sad. Lights from windows blinked (闪烁), and I hoped someone would 49 from one of those homes to invite me inside with a Christmas tree decorated with shiny fake snow and 50 presents.
At a market, I felt more 51 when people were buying lots of goods, which 52 the gifts we received as children in my mind. I missed my family and wanted to cry for wanting to be alone and for having achieved it.
Outside the church, a manger (小耶稣) had been set 53 . I stood with others watching the scene, some of them 54 themselves, praying. As I walked home, I realized that leaving Brazil was still a painful experience as I struggled with 55 I had become in 15 years in America. I'd mourned (悲叹) the 56 , but for the first time, I recognized what I’d gained. I was independent, 57 and healthy. My life was still ahead, full of 58 .
Sometimes the best gift is the one that you give yourself. That Christmas, I gave myself 59 for what I'd obtained up to now and promise to go forward. It is the best gift I've ever got, the one that I most 60 .
41．A. burst B. got C. put D. flooded
42．A. puzzled B. worried C. delighted D. devoted
43．A. usually B. eventually C. really D. extremely
44．A. breakup B. concern C. sympathy D. date
45．A. so B. and C. but D. or
46．A. moved B. returned C. came D. slipped
47．A. occupied B. satisfied C. pleased D. bored
48．A. shabby B. comfortable C. warm D. empty
49．A. turn up B. hang out C. go away D. break in
50．A. dealt B. wrapped C. discounted D. donated
51．A. tired B. nervous C. upset D. excited
52．A. called for B. called up C. called on D. called in
53．A. up B. down C. aside D. about
54．A. hugging B. bowing C. bending D. crossing
55．A. how B. what C. which D. that
56．A. cases B. limits C. worries D. losses
57．A. educated B. lonely C. shy D. wealthy
58．A. sight B. possibility C. sadness D. hardship
59．A. surprise B. defeat C. credit D. prize
60．A. select B. save C. value D. admit
Goal setting seems to be a hot topic, yet it’s easy to know but difficult to practice.
People set goals, work hard at them for even a few months, and then 41 them. Next year, they set the 42 goals. But why do so many people do it? They may be making goals too 43 . But that isn’t to say that they aren’t 44 goals. They need to be broken apart into smaller and 45 pieces. Make spoon-size goals and you’ll accomplish them 46 .
Many people are probably unwilling to 47 you to reach your goals. They’re 48 with you when you have your own goals. They may even be enthusiastic about your 49 to change something or accomplish something new. 50 , as you change and accomplish, they may not like it. Why? It’s usually because your changes and accomplishments 51 them that they could be doing it, too 52 they aren’t!
You may have filled your 53 with so many things that there’s little 54 for your goals to grow. We must be careful not to confuse busyness with 55 ，as goals are always achieved step by step. Be 56 about how you use your time and what you focus on. Success often comes when you know what to 57 , rather than what to include in your life.
Goal setting is like the pig and chicken walking out early one morning. The chicken became really 58 when she saw a sign:“Ham ＆ Eggs, ＄20.99”. She said to the pig, “Look, we’ve got double billing again.” The pig said,“That’s 59 for you to say! For you, it’s all in a day’s work. For me, it’s total commitment.” Goal setting is all in a day’s work. Goal 60 is total commitment.
41．A．leave B．forget C．change D．store
42．A．opposite B．common C．valid D．same
43．A．general B．strict C．vague D．realistic
44．A．simple B．reliable C．achievable D．clear
45．A．equal B．specific C．regular D．unusual
46．A．slowly B．accurately C．easily D．immediately
47．A．follow B．specific C．force D．support
48．A．familiar B．happy C．careful D．patient
49．A．desire B．means C．skill D．energy
50．A．Therefore B．Besides C．However D．Otherwise
51．A．remind B．convince C．inform D．warn
52．A．and B．or C．but D．for
53．A．notebook B．file C．case D．schedule
54．A．room B．hope C．aspect D．doubt
55．A．process B．progress C．aspect D．promotion
56．A．optimistic B．curious C．doubtful D．selective
57．A．leave out B．figure out C．take out D．send out
58．A．confused B．upset C．excited D．worried
59．A．strange B．natural C．necessary D．pitiful
60．A．development B．assessment C．management D．achievement
A Heroic Driver
Larry works with Transport Drivers. Inc. One morning in 2009. Larry was 36 along 165 north after delivering to one of his 37 . suddenly, he saw a car with its bright lights on. 38 he got closer, he found 39 vehicle upside down on the road. One more look and he noticed 40 shooting out from under the 41 vehicle. Larry pulled over, set the brake and 42 the fire extinguisher (灭火器). Two good bursts from the extinguisher and the fire was put out.
The man who had his bright lights on 43 and told Larry he had 44 an emergency call. They 45 heard a woman’s voice coming from the wrecked (毁坏的) vehicle. 46 the vehicle, they saw that a woman was trying to get out of the broken window. They told her to stay 47 until the emergency personnel arrived, 48 she thought the car was going to 49 . Larry told her that he had already put out the fire and she should not move 50 she injured her neck.
Once fire and emergency people arrive, Larry and the other man 51 and let them go to work. Then, Larry asked the 52 if he was needed or 53 to go. They let him and the other man go.
One thing is 54 —Larry went above and beyond the call of duty by getting so close to the burning vehicle! His 55 most likely saved the woman’s life.
36. A. walking B. touring C. traveling D. rushing
37. A. passengers B. colleagues C. employers D. customers
38. A. Since B. Although C. As D. If
39. A. each B. another C. that D. his
40. A. flames B. smoke C. water D. steam
41. A. used B. disabled C. removed D. abandoned
42. A. got hold of B. prepared C. took charge of D. controlled
43. A. came down B. came through C. came in D. came over
44. A. returned B. received C. made D. confirmed
45. A. then B. again C. finally D. even
46. A. Starting B. Parking C. Passing D. Approaching
47. A. quiet B. still C. away D. calm
48. A. for B. so C. and D. but
49. A. explode B. slip away C. fall apart D. crash
50. A. as if B. unless C. in case D. after
51. A. stepped forward B. backed off C. moved on D. set out
52. A. woman B. police C. man D. driver
53. A. forbidden B. ready C. asked D. free
54. A. for certain B. for consideration C. reported D. checked
55. A. patience B. skills C. efforts D. promise
Sometime, you are stuck in traffic, anxious about getting a job, or stressed about making a deadline at work. ___41____as these situations are, they are also opportunities to ____42___ kindness and gratefulness. Responding gently and thankfully will not ____43___make these situations go away, but it can help you be happier and ____44___.
As someone who travels as part of my work, I find that when I practice looking for ___45____to be kind and grateful, travel is a much more ____46___experience.
The mental and physical ___47____of kindness and gratitude are impressive. Such simple practices not only make you feel good, ____48___they can also help protect your immune system, reduce stress and anxiety, strengthen self-control. That is, simple practice done regularly can ____49___both your physiology and your outlook. It is more likely that you also view the future ____50___.
However, being kind and grateful is not a (an)___51____ for working toward important goals, or dealing with challenge. Practicing kindness and appreciation is a way to ____52___ the quality of your experience and relationships while you are doing these things. ___53____ what your brain may tell you, your ability to be kind and grateful is not ____54___ upon either your circumstances or how you feel. ____55___ simply, kindness and gratitude are available to you whenever you choose to practice them.
During your lifetime many things will happen. You will experience some of them as pleasant and comfortable and others as ___56____ and unwanted. You do not have control over the circumstances that life ____57___, but you do have a choice about how you___58___ to them. Reacting to whatever ___59____up with kindness and gratitude is a powerful ___60___, a choice supported by hundreds of scientific research studies and recommended in every enduring wisdom tradition for thousands of years.
What will you choose?
41. A. Unhappy B. Unfortunate C.Undesirable D. Incorrect
42. A. practice B. acknowledge C. change D. distinguish
43. A. eventually B. deliberately C. instantly D. necessarily
44. A. healthier B. gentler C. kinder D. stronger
45. A. approaches B. chances C. places D. coincidences
46. A. worthy B. enjoyable C. practical D. precious
47. A. conditions B. growth C. benefits D. health
48. A. so B. while C. and D. but
49. A. change B. adjust C. reflect D. prove
50. A. accurately B. realistically C. positively D. wisely
51. A. exchange B. replacement C. process D. aspect
52. A. impact B. identify C. evaluate D. concern
53. A. While B. Though C. Despite D. Given
54. A. focused B. called C. looked D. dependent
55. A. Say B. Put C. Tell D. Express
56. A. uncertain B. ridiculous C. embarrassing D. difficult
57. A. presents B. provides C. offers D. supplies
58. A. contribute B. respond C. reply D. appeal
59. A. keeps B. goes C. builds D turns
60. A. attitude B. tool C. choice D. influence
We have been putting smart women on the couch for 40 years without making full use of their talent. Today the portion of top jobs that go to women is still _41_ low. Why aren’t more women running things in America? It isn’t for lack of ambition or qualifications. The real _42_ to getting more women to the top is the difficult issue of time commitment: Today’s top jobs in major organizations _43_ 60-plus hours of work a week. Isn’t it too much?
But for businesses and reformers are serious about making their companies _44_ for the large number of American talented women, here are three ways to handle it.
Re-think time. We can break away from the belief that high-level work can be done only by people who work extra time. Maybe working time can be _45_ by setting the right amount of work that needs to get done. Senior roles should actually be easier to adapt in this way because highly paid people have the desire to give up some _46_ in order to work less.
Availability matters. It’s important to differ between availability and absolute time commitment. Many professional women would _47_ agree to check email seven days a week and come to office, _48_, for intense project — so long as over the course of a year, the time devoted to work is more _49_. Managers need to know that 24/7 availability is not the same thing as a 24/7 workload.
Quality is the goal, not quantity. Leaders need to create a _50_ in which talented people are judged not by the quantity of their work, but by the quality of their _51_. One who works 20 hours a week and who delivers exceptional results on a pro rata（摊派）basis should be qualified for _52_ and viewed as a top performer.
“Devotion” may help talented women who can live with the way that top jobs require today — and if that’s their _53_, give more power to them. But only a small percentage of women will choose this route. Until the rest of us get serious about _54_ the present way that work gets done in American corporations, we can only complain about the _55_ of it all while changing almost nothing.
41. A. shockingly B. possibly C. relatively D. consequently
42. A. desire B. barrier C. challenge D. solution
43. A. promise B. suggest C. track D. demand
44. A. cautious B. careful C. nervous D. Hopeful
45. A. shortened B. adjusted C. lengthened D. Unchanged
46. A. time B. income C. freedom D. promotion
47. A. happily B. reluctantly C. hesitantly D. rapidly
48. A. if necessary B. when possible C. if convenient D. when likely
49. A. expected B. limited C. paid D. excluded
50. A. rule B. situation C. civilization D. culture
51. A. duties B. contributions C. donations D. commitments
52. A. managers B. supervisors C. promotions D. employments
53. A. comprehension B. advantage C. principle D. choice
54. A. altering B. considering C. setting D. fighting
55. A. dream B. time C. injustice D. cruelty
It always seemed like having traditions was a good thing. They create 41 that will last a lifetime. So when our children, David and Darla, were preschoolers we 42 a family Christmas tradition. It was our tree-decorating party and it would be complete with eggnog(蛋奶酒)and pfeffernüsse cookies.
The kids were excited as we pulled the freshly 43 tree into the house. It smelled so good. We would turn on the Christmas songs 44 the tree decoration began.
Our hearts seemed to 45 to the merriment of the Christmas songs. The kids’ eyes twinkled(闪光) with 46 . It was a heartwarming evening. When finished, we would sit drinking the eggnog and snacking on pfeffernüsse cookies.
Years later, when my daughter Darla was home from college, she 47 to help decorate the tree. I was so 48 . Before we knew it, the tree decoration was finished. It was a beautiful tree and its 49 smell filled the room. As we had every year before, I brought out the eggnog and the pfeffernüsse cookies for our traditional 50 .
Then, during the laughter, Darla suddenly got very 51 and said she had something to tell me. From her hesitation and body 52 , I learned that she was 53 it. She sat down next to me. Then very 54 and caringly, Darla looked me in the eye and said,"Mom, I’ve 55 liked pfeffernüsse cookies."
Then I 56 the importance of what she had just said. Why didn’t she ever tell me? All those childhood years, rather than 57 Mom’s feelings and spoil Mom’s tradition, she had stood the cookies 58 . From a child’s heart, year after year she had given me the gift of 59 !
My daughter taught me life’s very important 60 : The best gifts aren’t always found under the Christmas tree.
41．A.wonders B.imaginations C.memories D.interests
42．A.took over B.put out C.turned down D.set up
43．A.cut B.bought C.grown D.decorated
44．A.unless B.before C.while D.though
45．A.whisper B.swing C.talk D.dance
46．A.amazement B.curiosity C.delight D.anxiety
47．A.offered B.refused C.pretended D.hesitated
48．A.disappointed B.regretful C.puzzled D.grateful
49．A.lasting B.unique C.pleasant D.unusual
50．A.activity B.custom C.souvenir D.celebration
51．A.annoyed B.depressed C.serious D.quiet
52．A.language B.shape C.image D.expression
53．A.expecting B.fearing C.resisting D.recalling
54．A.casually B.shyly C.humorously D.gently
55．A.ever B.yet C.never D.just
56．A.explained B.realized C.admitted D.remembered
57．A.comfort B.hurt C.understand D.convey
58．A.silently B.roughly C.gradually D.unfairly
59．A.patience B.desire C.love D.determination
60．A.knowledge B.inspiration C.technique D.lesson
People from every corner flooded into the streets that Christmas Eve. “Frosty the Snowman,” and “Jingle Bells” 61in stores; on the pavements, the street singers performed happily. Everyone, was _62__by someone else, delighted and cheerful. I was alone.
As one of 8 kids of a Brazilian family, brought up in America's crowded apartment, I'd spent several years searching for aloneness. Now, __63__, at 27, a college student after the 64__with my girlfriend , every cell inside me wanted to be alone, __65__not at Christmas. My family had 66__to Brazil and my friends were __67___with their own lives. Dusk was approaching, and the fact that I had to return to my __68___home made me sad. Lights from windows blinked, and I hoped someone would __69__from one of those homes to invite me inside with a Christmas tree decorated with shiny fake snow and __70__presents.
At a market, I felt more _71__when people were buying lots of goods, which ___72___the gifts we received as children in my mind . I missed my family and wanted to cry for wanting to be alone and for having achieved it.
Outside the church , a manger(小耶稣) had been set 73__. I stood with others watching the scene, some of them 74__themselves, praying. As I walked home, I realized that leaving Brazil was still a painful experience as I struggled with 75__ I had become in 15 years in America. I'd mourned the __76__ , but for the first time, I recognized what I’d gained. I was independent, 77__ and healthy. My life was still ahead, full of __78__ .
Sometimes the best gift is the one that you give yourself. That Christmas, I gave myself _79__ for what I'd obtained up to now and promise to go forward. It is the best gift I've ever got, the one that I most _80__ .
61．A. shared B. played C. served D. held
62．A. accompanied B. employed C. attended D. supported
63．A. usually B. extremely C. really D. eventually
64．A. breakup B. date C. sympathy D. concern
65．A. so B. but C. and D. or
66．A. moved B. slipped C. came D. returned
67．A. pleased B. satisfied C. occupied D. bored
68．A. shabby B. empty C. warm D. cozy
69．A. turn up B. hang out C. go away D. break in
70．A. dealt B. discounted C. wrapped D. donated
71．A. tired B. nervous C. excited D. upset
72．A. reminded B. remained C. mentioned D. introduced
73．A. down B. up C. aside D. about
74．A. hugging B. bowing C. crossing D. bending
75．A. how B. which C. what D. that
76．A. cases B. limits C. losses D. worries
77．A. lonely B. educated C. shy D. wealthy
78．A. possibility B. sight C. sadness D. hardship
79．A. surprise B. defeat C. prize D. credit
80．A. select B. value C. save D. Admit
A Very Special Olympian
The professor was searching for student volunteers in the lecture room for a Special Olympics event. As the sign-up sheet went up and down the rows, I started to come up with my 41 . Maybe it was the distance to the college where the event was to take place, or the early hour that 42 had to report for duty. Whatever the reasons that made me hesitate, I am thankful to this day that I 43 up volunteering. If I had missed the event, I would have missed one of the most unforgettable moments that I have ever 44 .
I arrived at the volunteer tent bright and early. My task was 45 . I was to stand at the finish line only and wait until the event was over and then take the 46 to the announcing booth(公告处). Standing at the finish line, I was able to witness many amazing efforts and close races. I was most impressed by the effort each athlete put into his or her 47 . What also impressed me was the sincere 48 each athlete expressed while participating though sometimes the joy of participating in a sporting event can get 49 in the fierce competition of winning and losing.
Then an amazing moment happened right before my eyes. A group of athletes were 50
up to run a short race. One of them was in a wheelchair, a little girl with a 51 smile, wearing bright bows in her hair. Her smile filled the stadium that day. I couldn’t help but smile back at her.
The gun sounded. They were off. Runners sped up in the 52 with all their might. My eyes 53 for the little girl with the bright bows. There she was, pumping her arms with all the 54 she had. Her efforts were getting little result, but that did not stop her. I noticed as she got closer that she also had an injured arm. But that did not stop this bright star. The race was long over 55 the young athlete kept pumping her arms. As she finally 56 the finish line, the noise of the crowd was thunderous. There I stood 57 , with tears falling down my cheeks.
After all these years, I can still hear those cheers. I wish I could thank that remarkable athlete for what her efforts 58 this unmotivated college guy. I grew up a lot that day because of the 59 of that little girl in the wheelchair. I was 60 that day of a poem from a book that states, “Whatever you do, do it with all your might.”
41. A. ideas B. plans C. suggestions D. excuses
42. A. runners B. students C. volunteers D. advisors
43. A. gave B. ended C. stayed D. woke
44. A. ignored B. controlled C. witnessed D. imagined
45. A. simple B. difficult C. interesting D. tiring
46. A. prize B. athlete C. result D. winner
47. A. mind B. event C. victory D. body
48. A. joy B. belief C. trust D. confidence
49. A. stuck B. increased C. respected D. lost
50. A. mixed B. called C. lined D. piled
51. A. huge B. narrow C. weak D. hard
52. A. court B. track C. field D. platform
53. A. hoped B. cared C. prepared D. searched
54. A. desires B. courage C. energy D. dreams
55. A. but B. and C. or D. so
56. A. felt B. neared C. took D. raised
57. A. cheering B. waiting C. calculating D. recording
58. A. paid B. owed C. disappointed D. taught
59. A. honesty B. bravery C. popularity D. creativity
60. A. warned B. persuaded C. informed D. reminded
Americans prefer to try every way to have fun, for example, they drive their own cars, some even tow （拖）a small boat after vehicle. They start from Los Angeles, California under sun, 41 through four or five hundred miles to go to La Fulin, Colorado to spend weekends 42 Chinese people are still busy with work, and have dinner at home together with families in weekends or 43 time watching TV.
The difference is mainly due to 44 customs and traditions between the two countries. It is said that Chinese people are living for others, while Americans are for 45 . When Chinese people come to the United States, they fight for 46 first, and then 47 make money after they are recognized by others. It seems that, the purpose to earn money is not to enjoy life, but for their following generations: sons and daughters and even grandchildren. Chinese people prefer to save money 48 emergency, such as illness. Although Chinese people with 49 in the United States don’t need to worry about their own social welfare and health insurance , they work still very hard, as they hope that they can 50 more money.
Chinese people’s interest is in the amount on the passbook（存折）, so they spend 51 money usually. Most of Chinese are very thrifty（节约的）, and they are 52 to spend money, but there are exceptions. They are willing to spend money on their 53 . Many Chinese people think that, they endure（容忍）many 54 , so they wish that their children could live much better. 55 in the United States elementary schools, you can see that those who wear the best, with more pocket money are Chinese students. In contrast, American children dress very simply, with just a little pocket money.
56 Chinese, Americans believe in living for themselves. They do everything for their own. Therefore, they earn money to enjoy a 57 life, and pursue a higher quality of life. 58 their own parents or children, they think that parents have their own pension and social welfare, and children should live a(n) 59 life when they are 18 years old. So they could boldly spend money on themselves. 60 , Americans save little money. In the street, it is easy for Chinese to take out 300-400 dollars, but it is hard to say for Americans.
41.A. running B. driving C. going D. walking
42.A. if B. while C. as D. until
43.A. spend B. take C. cost D. pay
44.A. moral B. spiritual C. cultural D. educational
45.A. others B. theirs C. them D. themselves
46.A. survival B. remainder C. existence D. material
47.A. hardly B. desperately C. seriously D. strongly
48.A. in return for B. on account of C. in spite of D. in case of
49.A. identity B. force C. fame D. power
50.A. borrow B. give C. use D. save
51.A. large B. few C. much D. little
52.A. easy B. reluctant C. willing D. happy
53.A. children B. relatives C. parents D. friends
54.A. troubles B. hardships C. sorrows D. problems
55.A.Otherwise B. However C. Therefore D. Since
56.A. Different from B. Interested in C. Similar to D. Thanks to
57.A. rich B. well C. good D. better
58.A. As with B. As for C. Owing to D. But for
59.A. independent B. single C. different D. comfortable
60.A. In brief B. As a result C. In this way D. From it
Making friends is a skill（技巧）． Like most skills, it 41 with patience(耐心)． If you want to meet people and make friends, you must be willing to 42 some action（行动）． You must first go where there are people． You won’t make friends staying home 43 ．
Joining a club（俱乐部） or group, talking to those who like the same things 44 you do is much easier． Or join someone 45 some activity（活动）．
Many people are 46 when talking to new people. 47 all, meeting strangers（陌生人） means seeing the unknown（不熟悉的人）． And it’s human nature to feel a bit 48 about the unknown． Most of fears about dealing 49 new people come from doubts（疑问） about 50 ． We imagine（想象） other people are 51 us---finding us too tall or too short, too this or too that． But don’t forget that they must be feeling the same way． Try to accept yourself 52 you are, and try to put the other at ease（自然，自在）． You’ll both feel more comfortable(舒适的)．
Try to act self-confident(自信) even 53 you don’t feel that way when you 54 a room full of strangers． Walk tall and straight（直直地）, look 55 at other people and smile．
If you see someone you’d like to 56 , say something． Don’t wait for 57 person to start a conversation(交谈)．
Just meeting someone 58 does not mean that you’ll make friends with that person． 59 is based on mutual(相互的) likings and “give and take”． They take time and effort（努力） to develop． And there are things that keep a new friendship from 60 ．
41.A．produces B．improves C．moves D．races
42.A．take B．make C．do D．carry
43.A．lonely B．yourself C．alone D．with you
44.A．as B．that C．which D．what
45.A．with B．in C．on D．to
46.A．nervous B．excited C．pressed D．worried
47.A．At B．For C．In D．After
48.A．unhappy B．unusual C．uncomfortable D．unlucky
49.A．with B．to C．for D．on
50.A．yourself B．himself C．yourselves D．ourselves
51.A．talking B．saying C．judging D．laughing
52.A．like B．as C．what D．that
53.A．when B．if C．as D．what
54.A．come B．go C．enter D．step to
55.A．upwards B．directly C．bravely D．happily
56.A．speak to B．talk about C．say to D．call up
57.A．other B．the other C．another D．others
58.A．old B．young C．new D．little
59.A．Relation B．Friendship C．Connection D．Feeling
60.A．growing B．living C．going D．happening
There are thousands of people across the United States without any food or shelter（住所），Every Saturday or Sunday night, my family and I go out and 41 the homeless people in the city.
There is one 42 thing I like to mention here. Before we begin our 43 my family and I do not eat. We do this 44 we know how it feels to be hungry. We all get together in the kitchen and 45 the food. We then 46 the food for 30 or more people. I like to write a special 47 on the bags like “God loves you”.
A lot of people 48 homeless people. Not all homeless people are bad people Some are really 49 . Many people hare them 50 no good reason. In the beginning. when my family and I went out on the street, we had to 51 their trust. Later, as they 52 us every week, they started to trust us, We 53 know some of their names. We all have to keep in mind that they also have 54 Some of them shake our hands for giving them food, and 55 us. Some of them do really funny dances because they are 56 ．
We have become 58 close to a man named Tony and his wife. After meeting with them several times, he has told us a lot about his 58 . He graduated from college and has a PHD. He used to teach French and Spanish.
After we get done feeding the homeless, it makes me 59 what I have at home Sometimes it makes me sad, and makes my mom cry I love feeding the homeless and 60 in someone's life.
41.A.visit B．introduce C. save D．feed
42.A.common B．exciting C. special D. embarrassing
43. A. show B. joumey C. vacation D. meal
44. A.so B. when C. if D. because
45. A. design B. prepare C. buy D. give
46. A. bag B. cook C. fetch D. find
47. A. passage B. saying C. note D. message
48. A. please B. help C. love D. misunderstand
49. A. helpful B. nice C. funny D. beautiful
50. A. for B. at C. of D. on
51. A. bring B. earn C. create D. share
52. A. served B. told C. saw D. needed
53. A. hardly B. never C. sometimes D. even
54. A. words B. looks C. desires D. feelings
55. A. change B. thank C. impress D. disappoint
56. A. happy B. great C. surprised D. bored
57. A. only B. too C. also D. really
58. A. dream B. future C. life D. friend
59. A. want B. enjoy C. keep D. think
60. A. taking care B. watching out C. showing up D. making a difference
April Fool’s Day is a western festival. No one 41 exactly when and how April Fool’s Day began. However, there are some stories about 42 it came into being. One story 43 like this: in the sixteenth-century France, the start of the new year was on April first. It was celebrated 44 much the same way 45 it is today with parties and dancing into the late hours of the night. Then in 1562, Pope (教皇) Gregory introduced a new calendar(日历) for the Christian world, and the new year fell on January first. There were some people, 46 , who hadn’t heard or didn’t believe the 47 in the date, so they 48 to celebrate New Year’s Day on April first. 49 played tricks on them and called them “April fools”. They tried to make them believe that something false was 50. In France today, April first is called “April Fish”. French children fool their friends by taping a paper fish to their friends’ 51 . When the “young fool” 52 this trick, the prankster(恶作剧者) shouts “April Fish!”
Today Americans play small tricks on friends and strangers alike on the first of April. One 53 trick on April Fool’s Day is 54 to a friend’s shoe and saying, “Your shoelace is united (你的鞋带开了).” School children might tell a classmate that school has been canceled. 55 the trick is, if you fail for the joke the prankster shouts “April Fool!”
In Britain today, on the first of April, even 56 newspapers, radio and TV programs tell big lies. You 57 read a science 58 showing that doctors have found a way to cure AIDS, 59 you would probably listen to a piece of news about an UFO 60 on an island.
41. A. understands B. knows C. Believes D. remembers
42. A. when B. why C. how D. where
43. A. goes B. tells C. happens D. writes
44. A. as B. like C. with D. in
45. A. like B. as C. so D. for
46. A. however B. but C. therefore D. instead
47. A. fact B. news C. change D. information
48. A. remained B. continued C. considered D. went
49. A. Others B. Somebody C. Many D. Some
50. A. real B. true C. right D. correct
51. A. hands B. faces C. backs D. heads
52. A. discovers B. sees C. found D. notices
53. A. usual B. common C. funny D. silly
54. A. looking down B. pointing down C. getting down D. turning down
55. A. Whenever B. Whoever C. Whatever D. Wherever
56. A. serious B. famous C. interesting D. important
57. A. might B. should C. could D. must
58. A. letter B. speech C. writing D. report
49. A. so B. and C. or D. but
60. A. lying B. walking C. flying D. Landing
My car and my best friend
For most, getting your first car opens up a new world of freedom and allows you to go wherever you want, whenever you want. Getting a car did 36 this for me, and it also brought my best friend and me 37 . But then it tore us apart (分开).
My best friend lives three minutes from my 38 . Since her 39 is in late summer,
seven months behind mine, I basically became her 40 when I turned 16 in December.
And so I 41 her up for school and took her home. We made ice-cream 42 , went shopping and to the movies―all in my car. I would drive to her house just to sit on her bed, read magazines and have a good laugh. I went to her house so 43 that she gave me a key 44 her house.
A week after I got my license（驾照），she was with me 45 I had my first accident. She was there and 46 me and we kept it a 47 , since I didn’t want people to 48 . From then on, through thick and thin (共患难), it was just me , my car and my best friend.
High school is a time of 49 , but I couldn’t 50 for a long time 51 we became so distant（疏远） after being so close. My friend waited three months after her birthday to get her dream car：a green 2004 Beetle. With its 52 , the passenger seat of my car became 53 . Our car trips became less frequent (频繁的) 54 I didn’t even drive down her street.
It’s funny how a car can change a relationship so much. I had wanted her to get a car, but once she did, I 55 it. I wanted her friendship back, even if it couldn’t be the same.
36. A. some B. any C. none D. all
37. A. closer B. farther C. luckier D. happier
38. A. neighbor B. school C. home D. family
39. A. holiday B. birthday C. course D. job
40. A. guide B. follower C. partner D. driver
41. A. picked B. woke C. called D. hurried
42. A. parties B. trips C. plans D. classes
43. A. happily B. often C. hardly D. seldom
44. A. to B. on C. of D. for
45. A. while B. but C. when D. after
46. A. saved B. suggested C. advised D. comforted
47. A. favorite B. secret C. pride D. joke
48. A. help B. see C. know D. laugh
49. A. change B. disappointment C. friendship D. excitement
50. A. believe B. answer C. imagine D. understand
51. A. when B. where C. how D. what
52. A. arrival B. dream C. return D. beauty
53. A. broken B. crowded C. empty D. different
54. A. however B. until C. as D. before
55. A. lost B. received C. enjoyed D. regretted
Do you know languages there are in the world? There are about 1,500 but many of them are no very .English is one of the most important languages because many people it, not only in England and America, in other countries of the world． About 200,000,000 speak it their own language, and another 200,000,000 use it as language. It is to say how many people are learning it. boys and girls in schools are trying to do so. Many English children study French. French is also a very important language. children study German, Russian, Japanese and Chinese. Which is the best to learn a language? We know that we all learnt language well when we were if we learn a second language in the way,it won’t seem so difficult. What does a small child do? It what people say, and it tries to guess what it hears. When it wants something, it has to it. It is using the language , in it and talking in it all the time .If people use a second language , they will learn it . In school, you learn to read, to write, to hear and to speak. It is best to learn all new words through the . You can read them , spell them and them later.
41．A．how many B．what number C．a lot of D．so many
42．A．useful B．necessary C．Important D．good
43．A．like B．use C．learn D．speak
44．A．but B．and C．also D．so
45．A．like B．with C．for D．as
46．A．foreign B．a second C．the second D．a special
47．A．easy B．again C．difficult D．best
48．A．Millions of B．Million of C．Millions D．Several million
49．A．Some B．Another C．All D．Few
50．A．time B．way C．thing D．place
51．A．a foreign B．our mothers’ C．other’s D．our own
52．A．born B．children C．grown D．boys
53．A．same B．different C．useful D．good
54．A．does B．as C．listens to D．follows
55．A．ask B．want C．get D．ask for
56．A．speaking B．writing C．thinking D．doing
57．A．some time B．sometimes C.all the time D．for the time
58．A．quickly B．soon C．freely D．hardly
59．A．mouth B．hands C．ears D．mind
60．A．listen B．use C．love D．write