Old Bernard Baruch.81 years old, is still ambitious. His only reference to the past was that, with great pride in eyes. he 1 to rank first in shooting. What makes this man still 2 ? The answer is his strong 3 to keep being productive.
Two of the hardest things to 4 in this world are to get wealth by honest efforts and, having gained it, to learn how to use it in a proper way. Recently I walked into the locker room( 休息室 )of a well-known golf club. A dozen middle-aged men were seated at tables drinking heavily and talking 5 . Day after day these same men hung out there and each of them had been a man of affairs and wealth, 6 in business and respected in society. However, it seemed that they are too content to be aggressive. They knew that their productivity had 7 gradually. When a fruit tree doesn’t bear its fruit, it is dying. In this way it resembles( 类似 )man.
What is the 8 of a long and happy existence in the world? I think I found it long ago in a passage. The words were few, but had a lasting 9 on me: "In the sweat of the face shall you eat the bread." The words have been and will always be a great 10 to me. At the end of the road I want to feel that I have fought a good fight and lived to the full.
1 ． A ． managed B ． seemed C ． expected D ． meant
2 ． A ． careful B ． innocent C ． energetic D ． normal
3 ． A ． reason B ． duty C ． action D ． desire
4 ． A ． receive B ． achieve C ． throw D ． refuse
5 ． A ． aimlessly B ． helplessly C ． fearlessly D ． hopelessly
6 ． A ． interested B ． strict C ． successful D ． absorbed
7 ． A ． disappointed B ． changed C ． improved D ． increased
8 ． A ． trend B ． idea C ． sense D ． secret
9 ． A ． mood B ． influence C ． impression D ． focus
10 ． A ． honor B ． comfort C ． approach D ． inspiration
When it came time to vote for the speaker at graduation in the class meeting, Ms. Lenihan asked who would like to be our class speaker. Being a (an) 1 girl, I tried not to make eye contact. Seeing several classmates go up to the front to state why they should be the speakers, I felt a sense of 2 . But at last Ms. Lenihan 3 in front of us and said, “We will have another meeting this week, and I expect to see more participation. I am 4 that some of you are just sitting there when you should be up here!” When she said those words, I looked up to see she was glaring right at me. I felt so nervous, but knowing she had so much 5 in me, I should not let her down.
After spending the whole week practicing a speech, I stood up in front of my classmates. There were eight to ten other participants, and I didn’t 6 much for myself. When the votes came in the next day, Ms. Lenihan announced that the class chose me! I would have to stand up in front of our entire school to make a speech. My 7 level went through the roof, but Ms. Lenihan told me she was glad that I had stepped up to the 8 .
Over the next month I worked on my graduation speech. When I stood up in front of the whole school, I was still nervous, 9 when I looked at Ms. Lenihan, I remembered the whole reason I was up there was that she had faith in me. I believe I 1 0 that day, and will always remember the encouragement that Ms. Lenihan gave me.
1 ． A ． shy B ． honest C ． outgoing D ． lazy
2 ． A ． duty B ． shame C ． loss D ． relief
3 ． A ． stayed up B ． climbed up C ． marched up D ． pulled up
4 ． A ． disappointed B ． depressed C ． embarrassed D ． frightened
5 ． A ． faith B ． interest C ． pride D ． ambition
6 ． A ． win B ． expect C ． prove D ． share
7 ． A ． threat B ． anxiety C ． excitement D ． tolerance
8 ． A ． achievement B ． destination C ． failure D ． challenge
9 ． A ． till B ． then C ． but D ． so
1 0 ． A ． proceeded B ． promised C ． innovated D ． transformed
This was the fifth time I'd been to the National Annual Competition. Reporters had been saying that I looked unbeatable. Everyone expected me to 1 . But I knew something was 2 because I couldn't get this one picture out of my head: a picture of me, falling. “Go away,” I'd say. But the image wouldn't 3 .
It was time to skate. The music started, slowly, and I told myself, “Have fun, Michael! It's just a （ n ） 4 .”
Once the music picked up, I started skating faster. I'd practiced the routine so many times, and I didn't have to think about 5 came next. But when I came down from the jump, my foot slipped from under me. I put a hand on the ice to 6 myself, but it didn't do any good.
Things kept getting 7 . On a triple flip ( 三周跳 )I spun through the air, and just as I landed, my whole body went down again. There I was, flat on the ice, with the whole world 8 .
I didn't think I'd be able to pull myself together. But as I got up, I heard an amazing 9 .People were clapping in time to the music. They were trying to give me courage.
I wasn't surprised by my scores. However, the audience's clapping woke me up! I was so busy trying not to 1 0 that I forgot to feel what was in my heart-the love for skating.
1 ． A ． win B ． enjoy C ． share D ． relax
2 ． A ． challenging B ． missing C ． wrong D ． dangerous
3 ． A ． return B ． leave C ． appear D ． stay
4 ． A ． sport B ． activity C ． picture D ． accident
5 ． A ． when B ． why C ． who D ． what
6 ． A ． prepare B ． catch C ． comfort D ． measure
7 ． A ． clearer B ． easier C ． heavier D ． worse
8 ． A ． watching B ． expecting C ． ignoring D ． changing
9 ． A ． voice B ． story C ． sound D ． idea
1 0 ． A ． collapse B ． resist C ． fall D ． escape
Take an Option
Jerry was a natural motivator. He was always in a good mood and always had something 1 to say, which really made me curious. One day I went up to ask him how he did that. “Well, life is all about 2 . It’s your option how you live your life,” Jerry replied.
Soon I moved to another city. Several months later, I heard that Jerry was seriously injured in the chest while skiing. 3 , he was found quickly and rushed to the hospital. After 8 hours of surgery and weeks of intensive care, he was 4 from the hospital.
Later, when we met again, I asked Jerry what had 5 his mind during the accident. “As I lay in the snow, I knew I had two options: One was to live, the other was to die. I chose to live,” Jerry said. “The paramedics ( 急救人员 ) were great. They kept telling me I was going to be fine. But when they 6 me into the emergency room and I saw the expressions on the faces of the doctors, I got really 7 . In their eyes, I read, ‘He’s a dead man.’ I knew I needed to take action. I told them, ‘Operate on me as if I’m alive, not dead.’ You see, I just tried to 8 their confidence.” Finally Jerry lived thanks to the skill of his doctors, but also because of his amazing 9 to live.
Jerry has taught me a lot. I learn from him that every day we have the choice to live fully. Your 1 0 , after all, is everything.
1 ． A ． regular B ． familiar C ． positive D ． typical
2 ． A ． choices B ． trends C ． relations D ． secrets
3 ． A ． Normally B ． Obviously C ． Hopefully D ． Luckily
4 ． A ． preserved B ． released C ． distinguished D ． abandoned
5 ． A ． gone through B ． put up C ． turned in D ． called for
6 ． A ． forced B ． followed C ． wheeled D ． recommended
7 ． A ． bored B ． frightened C ． confused D ． embarrassed
8 ． A ． express B ． share C ． gain D ． inspire
9 ． A ． talent B ． achievement C ． desire D ． evidence
1 0 ． A ． attitude B ． standard C ． ability D ． control
Vaccines( 疫苗 ) may soon make their first film appearance. Led by expert Maria A ． Croyle, researchers have developed a thin sheet that preserves vaccines for long periods without refrigeration. This means the carefully cooled small bottles now used to ship vaccines could potentially be replaced by lightweight films that can be mailed in an envelope and stored on a shelf.
Croyle’s laboratory began developing the technology in 2007. Inspired by amber’s ability to preserve the DNA of insects, the researchers set out to create their own version of the substance by mixing “a lot of sugar and a little bit of salt, much like hard candy,” Croyle explains. The vaccine-containing film is administered by mouth—sweet news for many who dislike needles.
The film is tailored to suit each specific vaccine candidate and provide a protective coating. “We’ve learned over time that the key to really stabilizing whatever the film holds is to have it intermixed with all the components,” Croyle says, adding that the process is quick and uses affordable, standard equipment. “We really wanted to come up with something that would be transferable to developing countries.”
Immunization( 免疫 ) programs depend heavily on keeping vaccines cold(2℃-8℃) as they are transported, sometimes over thousands of kilometers to far-away locations. Delivery can be difficult and costly, and transport disruptions can cause the vaccines to be ineffective.
But this new product can store live viruses, bacteria and antibodies for several months at 20℃. In a paper published in Science Advances , the scientists show that the live viruses in one vaccine were preserved in the film even after 36 months. They also find that a flu vaccine suspended in their film compares favourably with a traditional flu shot( 流感预防针 ). “The study demonstrates early proof of concept for an exciting platform for vaccine product development,” says Lisa Rohan, a pharmacologist, who was not involved in the study. She also notes that each vaccine type would need a custom formulation( 配方 ) for future stages of development.
Finding partners to mass-produce for clinical trials is the researchers’ most pressing problem, Croyle says. They are also exploring packaging methods to keep their films stable up to 40℃.
Size is a major advantage—a letter-sized sheet of the film can carry more than 500 doses( 剂 ) of vaccine, about 1⁄900 the weight of the same amount of traditional doses. By making it easier and cheaper to ship and preserve vaccines efficiently, Croyle says, the technology could vastly improve immunization rates the world over, particularly in middle- to low- income countries.
1 ． What can we learn about the film?
A ． It contains animal’s DNA ． B ． It will replace vaccines.
C ． It comes in different flavours. D ． It can hold bio-products.
2 ． According to Paragraph 3, we can learn about the film’s ________.
A ． key component B ． development schedule
C ． possible advantages D ． transportation requirements
3 ． The author mentions Lisa Rohan’s words to ________.
A ． advise personalizing vaccines
B ． suggest the product is promising
C ． prove the study is supported widely
D ． stress the functions of a new platform
4 ． What will be the next urgent task for Croyle’s team?
A ． Advertising the film worldwide. B ． Improving the film’s capacity.
C ． Reducing the shipping cost. D ． Seeking ideal manufacturers.
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