高中英语 四川省绵阳市2015高考英语阅读理解、完形填空选练试卷 试题及答案之五.doc
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  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2014-12-17
    来源:

    Most young architects—particularly those in big cities—can only dream about working in a building of their own. And making that dream come true often means finding a building no one else seems to want,which is exactly what happened to David Yocum and his partner,Brian Bell. Their building is a former automobile electrical-parts firm in Atlanta. From the outside,it looks too old,even something horrible,but open the door and you are in a wide,open courtyard,lined on three sides with rusting (生锈的)walls.

    In 2000,Yocum and Bell found this building in the city’s West End. Built in 1947,the structure had been abandoned years earlier and the roof of the main building had fallen down. But the price was right,so Yocum bought it. He spent eight months of his off-hours on demolition (拆除),pulling rubbish out through the roof,because it was too dangerous to go inside the building. The demolition was hard work,but it gave him time to think about what he wanted to do,and“to treasure what was there—the walls,the rust,the light. “ Yocum said. “Every season,more paint falls off the walls and more rust develops. It’s like an art installation (装置)in there—a slow-motion show. “

    Since the back building had been constructed without windows,an all-glass front was added to the building to give it a view of the courtyard,and skylights were installed in the roof. The back of the building is a working area and a living room for Yocum and his wife. A sort of buffer (缓冲) zone between the front and the back contains a bathroom,a kitchen and a mechanical room,and the walls that separate these zones have openings that allow views through to the front of the studio and the courtyard beyond.

    Yocum and Bell,who have just completed an art gallery for the city,feel that the experience from the decoration of their building,focusing on the inside rather than the outside,has influenced their work. It has also given these architects a chance to show how they can make more out of less.

    1. According to the passage,it is   for most young architects in big cities to work in a building of their own. 

    A. easy   B. unnecessary   C. unrealistic   D. common

    2. Yocum bought the old building because   . 

    A. it was a bargain to him         B. it was still in good condition

    C. it was located in the city center  D. it looked attractive from the outside

    3. Working on the old building,Yocum and Bell   . 

    A. pulled rubbish out through the roof

    B. removed the skylights from the bathroom

    C. presented a slow-motion show in an art gallery

    D. built a kitchen at the back part of the old building

    4. It can be inferred from the passage that Yocum and Bell   . 

    A. benefited a lot from pulling down the roof

    B. turned more old buildings into art galleries

    C. got inspiration from decorating their old building

    D. paid more attention to the outside of the art gallery

    5. The main idea of the passage is that   . 

    A. people can learn a lot from their failures

    B. it is worthwhile to spend money on an old building

    C. people should not judge things by their appearance

    D. creative people can make the best of what they have

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2014-12-17
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    The fact that life isn’t fair doesn’t mean we shouldn’t do everything in our power to improve our own lives or the world as a whole. To the contrary, it suggests that we should. When we don’t recognize or admit that life isn’t fair, we tend to feel pity for others and for ourselves. Pity, of course, is a self-defeating emotion that does nothing for anyone, except to make everyone feel worse than they already do. When we do recognize that life isn’t fair, however, we feel compassion(热情) for others and for ourselves. And compassion is a heartfelt emotion that delivers loving-kindness to everyone it touches. The next time you find yourself thinking about the injustices of the world, try reminding yourself of this very basic fact. You may be surprised that it can persuade you out of self-pity and into helpful action.

    12. The writer thought of his friend’s question as a good one because _______.

    A. he also wanted to know who held such an opinion

    B. it made him recall something during his childhood

    C. like his friend, he also thought life was unfair

    D. he learned something from the question as a youngster

    13. Surrendering to the fact that life isn’t fair will ________.

    A. keep us from making everything perfect    B. keep us from doing everything in our power

    C. make us face unfair treatment bravely     D. make us know it’s our duty to perfect things

    14. The second paragraph of the passage mainly tells us that ________.

    A. it’s nice to accept the injustice of life        B. it’s nice to surrender to the life

    C. we should not surrender to the life       D. we should not feel sorry for everything

    15. In the last paragraph, “this very basic fact” refers to the fact that _______.

    A. you should not pity for others            B. life isn’t and won’t be fair

    C. compassion is heartfelt emotion           D. pity is a self-defeating emotion

    题型:  知识点:
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2014-12-17
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        “Who questions much, shall learn much, and remember much”---- Francis Bacon 1561-1626

        It seems obvious now how we acquire knowledge and understandingTo start with, you need questionsThen, to find answers, you observe the world around you and study the factsAfter that you consider possible answers and test each to find the right onesAlthough today we are more accustomed to typing a few key words into a search engine and waiting for the Internet to spit the answer out for us, modern scientists and thinkers are still solving the world’s problems with this type of analysis---- luckily for us

        However, in the 17th century when Francis Bacon suggested that this type of thinking was the way to gain knowledge, he was going against the views of the dayAt that time, people believed more in religion than in facts, and people like Galileo Galilei, who proved scientific ideas such as “ the Earth is not the centre of the universe”, were often punished by the church with no one coming to their defenceThe church and many people tended to ignore the facts and were unwilling to challenge that they had always comfortably believedThey preferred to make assumptions about the world based on the experience of othersIn fact, when Galilei proved that the Earth was not the centre of the universe, instead of believing him, people chose to believe ancient views put forward by the great philosopher Aristotle 384-322BC).

        This also shows how people didn’t want to search for their own understanding or educate themselvesAnd this is still often true todayPeople feel that if someone important and respected says that something is right, then it must be soBut even though Aristotle was a great man who inspired many great scientists and philosophers after him, he was wrong at timesAnd Galilei too made mistakesHe is now known as the father of astronomy but he believed that the earth moved round the sun in a perfect circleHe was wrongTherefore our understanding of the world around us is constantly growing and changingIn other words, we learn more every day and none of us can ever sit back and say “We know it all

        We need to thank the great men of the past for the wisdom to know that we don’t know it all and probably never will, for that would mean a world without questionsSo much of our knowledge and understanding of the world today is due to people like Bacon and Galilei, who were brave enough to step out from the shadows of old thoughts in order to find the kingdom of knowledge that today’s civilization is built uponThese men knew that knowledge and understanding are things to fight for; more vital to a man, and more beneficial to mankind, some might say, than all the money in the world

        “All truths are easy to understand once they are discovered; the point is to discover them”----Galileo Galilei 1564-1642

    8In Bacon and Galileo’s times, people would prefer to ________

        Alearn new things by observing the world around themselves

        Bacquire knowledge from church or experience of great ancestors

        Cseek answers to their puzzles from contemporary scientists

        Dexplore knowledge out of facts they saw with their own eyes

    9In this passage Bacon and Galileo are mentioned as examples for ________

    Atheir great achievements in science

        Btheir ambition to doubt great ancestors

        Ctheir revolutionary way of acquiring knowledge

        Dtheir preference to believe in themselves rather than others

    10What is the main purpose of the passage?

        ATo help the readers learn more about great thinkers in history

        BTo convince the readers of the importance of thinking and discovering

        CTo persuade the readers to thank the great men of the past for their wisdom

        DTo encourage the readers to go against the views of their day

    11Which of the following is the process the writer suggests to acquire knowledge?

        Aasking questions→searching the Internet→ waiting the results→ finding answers

        Bacquiring knowledge and understanding→ asking questions→ answering questions

    Cobserving the world→ asking questions→ studying facts→ finding answers→ considering possibilities

        Dasking questions→ observing the world→ studying facts→ considering possibilities→ testing and finding answers

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:政治经济文化类阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2014-12-17
    来源:

    I grew up poor – living with six brothers, my father and a wonderful mother. We had   36  money and few worldly goods, but plenty of love and attention. I was   37   and energetic. I understood that no matter how poor a person was, they could   38   afford a dream.

    My dream was to be a   39  . When I was sixteen, I could crush a baseball, throw a ninety – mile – per – hour fastball. I was also   40  : my high – school coach was Ollie Jarvis, who   41  me the difference between having a dream and showing strong belief. One particular   42  with him changed my life forever.

    It was a summer and a friend recommended me for a summer   43  . This meant a chance for my first income – cash for a new bike and new clothes, and the   44  of savings for a house for my mother. The opportunity was attracting, and I wanted to   45   at it.

    Then I realized I would have to   46   summer baseball to handle the work schedule, and that meant I would have to tell Coach Jarvis I wouldn’t be playing. I was   47   about this.

    When I told Coach Jarvis, he was as   48  as I expected him to be. “You have your whole life to work,” he said. “Your   49  days are limited. You can’t afford to waste them.”

    I stood before him with my head   50  , trying to think of how to explain to him why my dream of buying my mom a house and having money in my pocket was worth   51   his disappointment in me.

    “How much are you going to make at this job?” he demanded.

    “$ 3.25 an hour,” I replied.

    “Well, is $ 3.25 an hour the price of a   52  ?” he asked.

    That   53  laid bare for me the difference between wanting something right now and having a goal. I devoted myself to   54   that summer, and within the year I was offered a $ 20,000 contract. I signed with the Denver Broncos in 1984 for $ 1.7 million, and bought my mother the   55  of my dreams.

    36Asome     Blittle       Cno            Dmuch

    37Ahappy    Blovely   CAngry         Dnoisy

    38Aonly     Bever     Cstill             Dalmost

    39Ateacher  Bcoach        Cdoctor        Dsportsman

    40Alucky   Bsatisfied    Chopeful       Dsurprised

    41Ataught   Basked   Ctold          Dtrained

    42Amatch    BStory    Cmoment        Dincident

    43Ajob      Bcamp     Choliday       Dcourse

    44Acause        Bstart    Cneed      Damount

    45Astand   Bcall     Clook      Djump

    46Atake out Bcut off  Cput on        Dgive up

    47Aexcited  Bcurious  Canxious       Ddisappointed

    48Amad      Bpuzzled  Cregretful         Ddiscouraged

    49Aworking  Bplaying  Clearning      Dshining

    50Ashaking  Bhanging  Cholding     Dnodding

    51Afeeling  Bsuffering    Cfacing      Dexpressing

    52Adream    Bgame     Cchance      Dlife

    53Aoffer   Bprice    Cquestion    Dorder

    54Astudy        Bsports   Chomework    Dbusiness

    55Aclothes  Bbike     Chouse       Dgoods

    题型:完型填空  知识点:日常生活类