Housework is a frequent source of disputes (争论) between lazy husbands and their hard-working wives, but women have been warned not to expect men to pull their weight any time soon.
A study from Oxford University has found that men are unlikely to be doing an equal share of housework before 2050. Mothers, the researchers warned, will continue to shoulder the burden of childcare and housework for the next four decades, largely because housework such as cleaning and cooking is still regarded as “ women’s work”.
The gap between the amount of time men and women spend on housework has narrowed slowly over the past 40 years. But it will take another four decades before true housework equality (平等) is achieved, the study concluded.
The research found that in the Nordic countries, the burden of housework is shared more equally between men and women. In the UK, women spend an average of four hours and forty minutes each day on housework, compared with two hours and twenty-eight minutes for men. This is an improvement from the 1960s, when British women typically spent six hours a day on housework, while men spent just 90 minutes every day.
But progress towards housework equality appears to be slowing in some countries. Dr Oriel Sullivan, a research reader from Oxford’s Department of Sociology, said, “we’ve looked at what is affecting the equality in the home, and we have found that certain tasks seem to be given according to whether they are viewed as ‘men’s work’ or ‘women’s work’.”
Dr Sullivan said cultural attitudes taught at school may be responsible for the views of housework. “At school it is much easier for a girl to be a tomboy, but it is much more difficult for a boy to enjoy baking and dancing,” she said.
28.The underlined part “pull their weight” in Paragraph 1 probably refers to “__________”.
A.lose weight B.be lazy
C.earn money D.do equal housework
29.Women will continue to do more housework before 2050 mainly because _________.
A.men are too busy to help
B.they would like to do so
C.they can do better in housework
D.housework will still be considered as women’s work
30.From Paragraph 4 we know that in the UK ___________.
A.men now spend just 90 minutes a day on housework on average
B.women now are too busy with their work to do housework
C.women now spend less time on housework than before
D.housework is shared equally between men and women
31.In Dr Sullivan’s opinion, what is to blame for the housework inequality?
A.Cultural attitudes towards housework.
B.Policies made by the government.
C.The time spent on work.
D.The type of housework.
Have you ever run out of coffee or tea? Found no eggs in the fridge? No bread for the sandwich and the nearest shop is too far away? Well, all that can change in the future.
If all goes well, the intelligent future kitchen will soon help solve all your problems. In the future, all kitchen units will be connected to the Internet. The intelligent future kitchen will give wise advice on planning your menu for the day. Worried about your weight? — It will tell you the right diet and what is good for your health. It will even keep in mind your likes and dislikes!
Designed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, this smart kitchen promises to pay attention to all your needs. The computer’s system will help keep an “eye” on the fridge. If the fridge is empty, the kitchen will automatically call and place an order at the local supermarket. So you don’t have to worry about it at all.
You get home late, and don’t know what to make from the collection of ingredients (原料) in your fridge. A while back you might have ordered a take-out but now, instead of worrying about eating a collection of this and that, you’re excited. You can pull out each vegetable, and pass each one in front of a web camera next to your fridge. A few moments later, a screen on your fridge would display a tasty recipe.
After dinner, you take your plates to a box next to the sink. You don't have to clean them, your machine does. It produces new plates every time you need to eat. Later in the evening, you phone your other half, who is on a business trip half-way around the world. As you drink your cup of hot coffee, it makes your other half’s cup change color on the other side of the world, another special way to keep in touch.
32． The problem mentioned in the first paragraph will be solved ______.
A. by the intelligent kitchen itself
B. by finding a good housekeeper
C. after you call the supermarket
D. after you buy great amounts of food
33．The kitchen of the future may help you ______.
A. lose weight fast B. keep a healthy diet
C. cook delicious food D. clean fridge in time
34．The underlined word “automatically” in the third paragraph means ______.
A. in secret B. by chance
C. by itself D. again and again
35．The fourth paragraph tells us that the smart kitchen ______.
A. will order a take-out for you if you get home late.
B. has a big color television and some web cameras
C. can pull out all the vegetables from you fridge
D. can give a suitable recipe according to your ingredients
Do you know of anyone who uses the truth to deceive (欺骗) ? When someone tells you something that is true, but leaves out important information that should be included, he can give you a false picture.
For example , some might say, “I just won a hundred dollars on the lottery (彩票) . It was great. I took that dollar ticket back to the store and turned it in for one hundred dollars! ”
This guy is a winner , right? Maybe , maybe not. We then discover that he bought $200 worth of tickets, and only one was a winner. He’s really a big loser!
He didn’t say anything that was false, but he left out important information on purpose. That’s called a half-truth. Half-truths are not technically lies, but they are just as dishonest.
Some politicians often use this trick. Let’s say that during Governor Smith's last term, her state lost one million jobs and gained three million jobs. Then she seeks another term. One of her opponents says, “ During Governor Smith’s term, the state lost one million jobs !” That’s true. However, an honest statement would have been , “During Governor Smith’s term, the state had a net gain of two million jobs. ”
Advertisers will sometimes use half-truths. It’s against the law to make false statements, so they try to mislead you with the truth. An advertisement might say, “Nine out of ten doctors advised their patients to take Yucky Pills to cure toothache.” It fails to mention that they only asked ten doctors and nine of them work for the Yucky Company.
This kind of deception happens too often. It’s a sad fact of life: Lies are lies, and sometimes the truth can lie as well.
29．We may infer that the author believes people should _______.
A. buy lottery tickets if possible
B. make use of half-truths
C. be careful about what they are told
D. not trust the Yucky Company
30．How many examples does the writer give to show how the truth is used to deceive?
A. one B. Two C. Three D. Four
31．Which of the following is true according to the passage?
A. Using half truths is against the law.
B. Technically, half truths are in fact lies.
C. Yucky Pills is a very good medicine for toothache.
D. Governor Smith did a good job during her last term.
Traveling without a map in different countries, I find out about different ways of directions every time I ask “How can I get to the post office?”
Foreign tourists are often puzzled in Japan because most streets there don’t have name signs. In Japan, people use landmarks (地标) in their directions instead of street names. For example, the Japanese will say to travelers, “Go straight down to the corner. Turn left at the big hotel and go past a fruit market. The post office is across from the bus stop.”
People in Los Angeles, the US, have no idea of distance on the map: they measure distance by time, not miles. “How far away is the post office?” you ask. “Oh,” they answer, “it’s about five minutes from here.” You don’t understand completely, “Yes, but how many miles away is it, please?” To this question you won’t get an answer, because most probably they don’t know it themselves.
People in Greece sometimes do not even try to give directions because tourists seldom understand the Greek language. Instead, a Greek will often say, “Follow me.” Then he’ll lead you through the streets of the city to the post office.
Sometimes a person doesn’t know the answer to your question. What happens in the situation? A New Yorker might say, “Sorry, I have no idea.” But in Yucatan, Mexico, no one answers “I don’t know.” People there believe that “I don’t” is impolite. They usually give an answer, but often a wrong one. So a tourist can get lost very easily in Yucatan! However, one thing will help you everywhere in the world. It’s body language.
15．Which of the following is probably an example of Japanese directions?
A. “The post office is at Street Kamira.”
B. “Turn right at the hospital and go past a school.”
C. “The post office is about five minutes from here.”
D. “Go south two miles. Turn west and then go another mile.”
16．Why don’t people in Los Angeles give directions in miles?
A. They prefer to lead you the way.
B. They prefer to use body language.
C. They often have no idea of distance measured by miles.
D. They use landmarks in their directions instead of distance.
17．How do Greeks give directions?
A. Using street names.
B. Using landmarks.
C. Leading people the way.
D. Giving people a wrong direction.
18． According to the last paragraph, we can learn that_____________________.
A. people in Yucatan always give wrong directions
B. people in Mexico know streets’ name well
C. body language makes you get lost in Yucatan
D. people in Mexico prefer to use body language
This was an ordinary day, nothing special. Mike was walking on the street when he returned to the shop on the corner. He stopped to look at the front row of shoes, and he felt happy to see that the pair of shoes he wanted very much was still there. He looked down at his old shoes, and he felt sorry for himself, because he wanted very much to own them for his coming birthday.
Sadly, the boy walked away, deep in thought — how to tell his mother about it. He knew very well his mother had very little money. He decided not to go home at once, because he looked sad and his mother would notice it. So he went to the park and sat on the grass. There he saw a boy moving a wheelchair with his hands. Mike looked at him and was surprised to see that the boy had no feet. He looked at his own feet. “It’s much better to be without shoes than without feet.” he thought. There was no reason for him to feel so sorry and sad. So he went away with smile, thinking that he was much luckier and happier.
33．How did Mike pass the shop on the street corner?
A．In a wheelchair. B．By bike. C．On foot. D．By bus.
34．Why did Mike stop in front of the shop?
A．To buy the shoes.
B．To get something for his birthday.
C．To buy a present for his friend.
D．To look at the shoes he liked.
35．What can we learn about Mike from the story?
A．Mike liked new shoes very much.
B．Mike had no feet.
C．Mike didn’t want to stay at home.
D．Mike loved his mother very much.
What are you going to do if you are in a burning house? How will you escape? Do you know how to save yourself? Please read the following passage.
Escaping from a fire is a serious matter. Knowing what to do during a fire can save your life. It is important to know the ways you can use and show them to everyone in the family, such as stairways (楼梯) and fire escapes, but not lifts.
From the lower floors of the buildings, escaping through windows is possible. Learn the best way of leaving through windows with the least chance of serious injury.
The second floor window is usually not very high from the ground. An average person, hanging by the finger-tips (手指尖) will have a drop of about six feet to the ground. It is about the height of an average man. Of course, it is safer to jump a short way than to stay in a burning building.
Windows are also useful when you are waiting for help. Be sure to keep the door closed. Or smoke and fire may be drawn into the room. Keep your head low at the window to be sure you get fresh air rather than smoke that may have leaked (泄露) into the room.
On a second or third floor, the best windows for escape are those which open onto a roof. From the roof a person can drop to the ground more safely. Dropping onto hard ground might end in injury. Bushes and grass can help to break a fall.
1．It is important to ___.
A．put out the fire in the burning house B．know the ways to escape the fire
C．jump off a burning house D．keep the door closed
2．It is possible to escape through the windows ___.
A．if there are some bushes on the ground B．if you are strong enough
C．if you live on a lower floor D．If you have a long rope
3．Which of the following escaping way is NOT right? ______.
A．You can escape though stairways. B．You can choose fire escapes.
C．Escape from the windows that open onto a roof.
D．Use a lift to come down at once.
4．Open the window so that______ if the building is on fire.
A．you can get fresh air B．you can call for help
C．you can easily jump off D．you can be seen first
5． The best title of the passage is ______.
A．Escaping from the Windows B．Save Yourself in the Burning House
C．Knowledge on Fire D．Waiting for Help
When my family moved to America in 2010 from a small village in Guangdong, China, we brought not only our luggage（行李）, but also our village rules, customs and culture. One of the rules is that young people should always respect(尊敬) elders. Unluckily, this rule led to my very first embarrassment in the United States.
I had a part-time job as a waiter in a Chinese restaurant. One time, when I was serving food to a middle-aged couple, the wife asked me how the food could be served so quickly. I told her that I had made sure they got their food quickly because I always respect the elderly. As soon as I said that, her face showed great displeasure. My manager, who happened to hear what I said, took me aside and gave me a long lecture about how sensitive(敏感) Americans are and how they dislike the description “old”. I then walked back to the table and apologized to the wife. After the couple heard my reason, they understood that the problem was caused by cultural differences, so they laughed and were no longer angry.
In my village in China, people are proud of being old. Not so many people live to be seventy or eighty, and people who reach such an age have the most knowledge and experience. Young people always respect older people because they know they can learn from their rich experience.
However, in the United States, people think “growing old” is a problem since “old” shows that a person is going to retire（退休） or that the body is not working well. Here many people try to keep themselves away from growing old by doing exercises or jogging, and women put on makeup, hoping to look young. When I told the couple in the restaurant that I respect the elderly, they got angry because this caused them to feel they had failed to stay young. I had told them something they didn’t want to hear.
After that, I changed the way I had been with older people. It is not that I don’t respect them any more; I still respect them, but now I don’t show my feelings through words.
4.Jack brought the couple their food very fast because _______.
A. the manager asked him to do so B. the couple wanted him to do so
C. he respected the elderly D. he wanted more pay
5. When Jack called the couple “elderly”, they became _______.
A. nervous B. unhappy C. satisfied D. excited
6.After this experience, Jack _______.
A. changed his way with older people B. made friends with the couple
C. no longer respected the elderly D. lost his job in the restaurant
7.Which of the following is TRUE?
A. The more Jack explained, the angrier the couple got.
B. Jack wanted to show his feelings through words after his experience.
C. From this experience, Jack learned more about American culture.
D. The manager went back to the table and apologized to the couple.
I was never very neat, while my roommate Kate was extremely organized. Each of her objects had its place, but mine always hid somewhere. She even labeled (贴标签）everything. I always looked for everything. Over time, Kate got neater and I got messier. She would push my dirty clothing over, and I would lay my books on her tidy desk. We both got tired of each other.
War broke out one evening. Kate came into the room. Soon, I heard her screaming, “Take your shoes away! Why under my bed! ” Deafened, I saw my shoes flying at me. I jumped to my feet and started yelling. She yelled back louder.
The room was filled with anger. We could not have stayed together for a single minute but for a phone call. Kate answered it. From her end of the conversation，I could tell right away her grandma was seriously ill. When she hung up, she quickly crawled (爬)under her covers, sobbing. Obviously, that was something she should not go through alone. All of a sudden, a warm feeling of sympathy rose up in my heart.
Slowly, I collected the pencils, took back the books, made my bed, cleaned the socks and swept the floor, even on her side. I got so into my work that I even didn’t notice Kate had sat up. She was watching, her tears dried and her expression one of disbelief. Then, she reached out her hands to grasp mine. I looked up into her eyes. She smiled at me, “Thanks. ”
Kate and I stayed roommates for the rest of the year. We didn’t always agree, but we learned the key to living together： giving in, cleaning up and holding on.
29.What made Kate so angry one evening?
A.She couldn’t find her books.
B.She heard the author shouting loud.
C.She got the news that her grandma was ill.
D.She saw the authors shoes beneath her bed.
30.The author tidied up the room most probably because .
A.she was scared by Kate’s anger
B.she hated herself for being so messy
C.she wanted to show her care
D.she was asked by Kate to do so
31.What might be the best title for the story?
A.My Friend Kate
B.Hard Work Pays Off
C.How to Be Organized
D.Learning to Be Roommates
As you move around your home, take a good look at the things you have. It is likely that your living room will have a television set and a video, and your kitchen a washing machine and a microwave oven. Your bedroom drawers will be filled with almost three times as many clothes as you need. You almost certainly own a car and possibly a home computer, holiday abroad at least once a year and eat out at least once a week.
Now, perhaps, more than ever before, people are wondering what life is all about, and what it is for. Seeking material success is beginning to trouble large numbers of people around the world. They feel that the long hours work culture to make more money is eating up their lives, leaving them very little time or energy for family or pastimes. Many are turning to other ways of living and downshifting is one of them. Six percent of workers in Britain took the decision to downshift last year.
One couple who downshifted is Daniel and Liz. They used to work in central London. He was a newspaper reporter and she used to work for an international bank. They would go to work by train every day from their large house in the suburbs, leaving their two children with a nanny. Most evenings Daniel wouldn’t get home until eight or nine o’clock and nearly twice a month he would have to fly to New York for meetings. They both earned a large amount of money but began to feel that life was passing them by.
Nowadays, they run a farm in the mountains of Wales. “I always wanted to have a farm then,” says Daniel, “and we took almost a year to make the decision to downshift. It’s taken some getting used to, but it’s been worth it. We have to think twice now about spending money on car repairs and we no longer have any holidays. However, I think it’s made us stronger as a family, and the children are a lot happier.
Liz, however, is not quite sure. “I used to enjoy my job, even though it was hard work and long hours. I’m not really a country girl, but I suppose I’m gradually getting used to looking after the animals. One thing I do like, though, is being able to see more of my children. My advice for other people wanting to do the same is not to think about it too much or you might not do it at all.”
32．The passage tells us that .
A．people seldom work long hours to make money
B．people hardly buy more things than necessary
C．people are sure everything they own is in the right place
D．people realize there is more to life than just making money
33．When Daniel was a reporter he ___.
A．lived in central London B．disliked his job
C．missed his children D．was well paid
34．Daniel and Liz both agree that the move to the farm ____.
A．was easy to organize B．has improved family life
C．was extremely expensive D．has been a total success
35．What does the author mean by saying“the long hours work culture to make more money is eating up their lives” in the second paragraph ?
A．People work long hours to earn their living.
B．To make more money through hard work is the aim of people’s life.
C．Long hours of hard work occupy too much of people’s life.
D．People spent too much time and money eating meals.
My parents moved from Mexico to South Texas in the early 90s with the hope for a brighter future for their family of nine---my parents, four boys and three girls. My parents have always wanted the best for us and they have done everything possible to encourage us to get a university degree. Never did they think that by pushing us that direction, it also meant encouraging us to move away and be distant from each other.
Initially(起初), getting accustomed to the American culture and lifestyle was very difficult for my parents. They come from a culture where kids grow up together, go to school together and most of the time live in the same neighborhood. From our point, American family values were a bit different. Typically in the US, when you turn 18, you are expected to graduate from high school, move out, find a university, possibly find a partner, get married and start a life together. Most of these decisions take you away from home; usually you have to follow opportunity and wherever that will take you.
This is my family’s current situation. I graduated from Bethel College in Indiana in 2010, and in order to fulfill my financial responsibilities of paying off student loans, I moved to Washington State for my job with Experience Mission. Ideally my parents wanted me to come home to South Texas, but that wasn’t where my opportunity took me.
Currently, my sister Jennifer lives in Waco, Texas, about eight hours from my parents. My two younger brothers also decided to go to college at Bethel and are away from my parents. More than likely, when they graduate, they will probably not move back home to South Texas.
My parent never imagined that their dream for a better future would separate our family this way.
Facebook has played a crucial(决定性的) role in the way we communicate while living in different places. Since we all use Facebook, we have found a place to connect and feel as if we were there together with each other.
25. We can infer from the first paragraph that ________.
A. the writer’s family are immigrants to America
B. the writer’ family came to America for a better future
C. the writer’ parents’ didn’t want their children to get a university degree
D. the writer’ parents pushed their children away from each other
26. The writer’s parents found it hard to be used to American life because ________.
A. they were strangers in America B. they suffered from a culture shock
C. the local people disliked their family D. different countries have different lives
27.The writer didn’t return to work in South Texas after graduation because ________.
A. he owed a lot of money while studying at college
B. he didn’t graduate from university
C. he found his opportunity in Washington State
D. his father couldn’t find him a job in South Texas
28. What will probably be talked about in the paragraph after the last?
A. The writer’s parents’ life in Texas.
B. How the parents learn to use Facebook.
C. What the writer’s brothers’ and sisters’ lives are like.
D. How the writer’s family communicate through Facebook.
Do you like chocolate? Maybe most people do. A box of it can be a great gift. Buy one for a friend and give it as a surprise. See how happy that person gets.
Say you just got a box of chocolate. Which piece do you pick first? A man has studied people’s choices. He says they tell something about the person. Did you choose a round piece? You are a person who likes to party. Did you choose an oval shape? You are a person who likes to make things. Picking a square shape shows something else. The person is honest and truthful. You can depend on him or her.
What kind of chocolate do you pick? Maybe you like milk chocolate. This shows you have warm feelings about the past. Dark chocolate means something else. A person who chooses it looks toward the future. What about white chocolate? Would you choose it? If so, you may find it hard to make up your mind. Some people like chocolate with nuts. These are people who like to help others.
Do you believe these ideas? Can candy tell all these things? It doesn’t really matter. There is one sure thing about eaters of chocolate. They eat it because they like it.
8．This passage mainly tells us ______.
A.why people like chocolate
B.almost everyone likes chocolate
C.about different kinds of chocolate
D.different choices may show different characters
9．Picking a round shape of chocolate shows that a person ______.
A.likes singing, dancing and drinking
B.likes to do something for others
C.is good at making things
D.can be depended on
10．From this passage we can see that a helpful man may choose chocolate ______.
A.in oval shape
B.in square shape
11．The last paragraph suggests that the writer ______.
A.believes all the information about chocolate
B.does not believe the information about candy
C.is trying to get you to believe false information
D.doesn’t think it important whether you believe the ideas
“Mum, what does it mean when someone tells you that they have a skeleton(骨骼) in the closet(衣橱)?” Jessica asked. “A skeleton in the closet?” her mother paused thoughtfully. “Well, it’s something that you would rather not have anyone else know about. For example, if in the past, someone in Dad’s family had been arrested for stealing a horse, it would be ‘a skeleton in his family’s closet’. He really wouldn’t want any neighbor to know about it.”
“Why pick on my family?” Jenica’s father said with anger. “Your family history isn’t so good. you know. Wasn’t your great-great-grandfather a prisoner who was transported to Australia for his crimes?” “Yes, but people these days say that you are not a real Australian unless your ancestors arrived as prisoners .” “Gosh, sorry I asked, I think I understand now,” Jessica cut in before things grew worse.
After dinner, the house was very quiet. Jessica’s parents were still quite angry with each other. Her mother was ironing clothes and every now and then she glared at her husband, who hid behind his newspaper pretending to read. When she finished, she gathered the freshly pressed clothes in her arms and walked to Jessica’s closet. Just as she opened the door and reached in to hang a skirt, a bony arm stuck out from the dark depths and a bundle of white bones fell to the floor. Jessica’s mother sank into a faint(晕倒), waking only when Jessica put a cold, wet cloth on her forehead. She looked up to see the worried faces of her husband and daughter.
“What happened？Where am I?” she asked. “You just destroyed the school’s skeleton, Mum,” explained Jessica. “I brought it home to help me with my health project, I meant to tell you, but it seemed that as soon as I mentioned skeletons and closets, it caused a problem between you and Dad.” Jessica looked in amazement as her parents began to laugh madly. “they’re both crazy,” she thought.
24.According to Jessica’s mother, “a skeleton in the closet” means ______.
A.a family honor B. a family sceret
C.a family story D.a family treasure
25.What can we learn about some Australians’ ancestors from Paragraph 2?
A.They were brought to Australia as prisoners.
B.They were the earliest people living in Australia
C.They were involved in some crimes in Australia.
D.They were not regarded as criminals in their day.
26. Jessica’s mother fell down into a faint because she was ________.
A.knocked B. frightend C.injured D.surprised
27.Why did Jessica bring a skelton home?
A.she was cruious about it B. she planned to keep it for fun.
C.She intended to scare her patents D.She needed it for her school task
28. Jessica’s parents laughed madly at the end of the story probably because_________.
A. they were carzy. B. they were overexcited
C.they realized their miundentanding D.they both thought they bad won the quarrel
Friends come to visit us in the evening, they spend their time telling us they are in a hurry and looking at their watches. It isn’t that our friends are all very busy, it is just that when we haven’t got a television. People think that we are very strange. “But what do you do in the evening?”，they are always asking. The answer is very simple. Both my wife and I have hobbies(爱好). We certainly don’t spend our evenings staring at the walls. My wife enjoys cooking and painting and often attends evening classes in foreign languages. This is particularly useful as we often go abroad for our holidays. I collect stamps and I’m always busy with my collection. Both of us enjoy listening to the music and playing chess together.
Sometimes there are power cuts and we have no electricity in the house. This does not worry us, we just light candles and carry on with what we were doing before. Our friends, however, are lost---no television!---So they don’t know what to do. On such evenings our house is very full ---they all come to us. They all have a good time. Instead of sitting in silence in front of the television, everybody talks and plays games.
20. The couple have not got a television, because .
A. they are not rich enough
B. they are strange people
C. they enjoy spending evenings in their own ways
D. they don’t know what to do when there are power cuts
21. Both of the couple are interested in .
A. learning languages B. traveling
C. staying home alone D. watching people play games
22. At night when there is no electricity, the couple .
A. have to stare at the walls B. can do nothing but sit in silence
C. will have many visitors D. have to go out for candles
23. The writer tries to tell us that ____.
A. the television is useful B. electricity is important
C. life is enjoyable without television D. life is impossible without a television
Do you like shopping? Or does the thought of wandering round the shops fill you with terror? For some of us, shopping is an enjoyable way of spending our spare time and our money. For me, it’s something I would rather avoid. Thank goodness for the Internet! It’s more convenient to buy CDs, electrical items, and even food from the comfort of your sofa. But that’s not the only reason: price is an important factor. We can buy goods and services cheaper online. But sometimes the problem is knowing what to buy. This has led to a type of shopping called “showrooming”.
Showrooming is something I’ve done. I will go to a shop to see, touch and try out products but then go home and buy them online at a knock-down price. I’m not alone in doing this. Research by a company called Foolproof found 24% of the people showroomed while Christmas shopping in 2013.
Amy Cashman, Head of Technology at TNS UK, says the reasons for this new shopping habit are that people are lacking time, lacking money and they want security about the products they are buying. She explains that consumers are not only shopping online at home but they are using the Internet in store or on their smartphones to shop around.
But does this mean technology will kill shops? Certainly shops will change. They will have to offer more competitive prices or encourage people to buy more by giving in-store discounts or free gifts.
We mustn’t forget that buying in a shop means you can get expert advice from the sales assistant and you can get good aftercare. It’s good to speak to a real human rather than look at a faceless computer screen, but at least by showrooming, you get the best of both worlds.
32. The two questions in Paragraph 1 are raised to ________.
A. introduce the topic B. give two examples
C. compare different opinions D. get answers from readers
33. What does showrooming mean in the text?
A. Trying in shops and buying online B. Showing products in a room
C. Buying something in a store D. Shopping on the Internet
34. According to Amy Cashman, which is NOT the reason for showrooming?
A. The lack of time B. The comfort of the sofa
C. The lack of money D. The security of the product
35. What can be inferred from Paragraph 4?
A. Online shops will disappear.
B. Free gifts will surely promote sales.
C. Shops need necessary changes.
D. Shops will be replaced by online shops.
As a child, I was really afraid of the dark and of getting lost. These fears were very real and caused me some uncomfortable moments.
Maybe it was the strange way things looked and sounded in my own room at night that scared me so much. There was never complete darkness, but always a streetlight or passing car lights, which made clothes on the back of a chair take on the shape of a wild animal. Out of the corner of my eye, I saw the curtains(窗帘) seem to move when there was no wind. A very low sound in the floor would seem a hundred times louder than in the day. My imagination (想象) would run wild, and my heart would beat fast. I would lie very still so that the "enemy(敌人) " would not discover me.
Another of my childhood fears was that I would get lost, especially on the way home from school. Every morning I got on the school bus right near my home. That was no problem. After school, though, when all the buses were lined up along the street, I was afraid that I would get in the wrong one and be taken to some other strange places. On school or family trips to a park or a museum, I wouldn't let the leaders out of my sight.
Perhaps one of the worst fears of all I had as a child was that of not being liked or accepted by others. Being popular was so important to me then, and the fear of not being liked was a serious one.
One of the processes(过程) growing up is being able to realize and overcome our fears. Understanding the things that scared us as children helps us achieve greater success later in life.
52. The author had _________kind(s) of fears when she was a child.
A. one B. two C. three D. none
53. When she went to some other places, she would _________.
A. walk away without others B. take a bus by herself
C. follow others closely D. make sure not to take a wrong bus
54. Which of the following would be possibly true when she was a child?
A. She was usually popular among people.
B. She was always the leader of the others.
C. She always got poor grades.
D. She was not at all liked by others.
55. The underlined word "overcome" in the last paragraph means "_________" in Chinese.
A. 接受 B. 忍受 C. 信服 D. 克服
Every day we go to school and listen to the teacher, and the teacher will ask us some questions. Sometimes, the classmates will ask for your opinions of the work of the class. When you are telling others in the class what you have found out about these topics, remember that they must be able to hear what you are saying. You are not taking part in a family conversation or having a chat with friends— you are in a slightly unnatural situation where a large group of people will remain silent, waiting to hear what you have to say. You must speak so that they can hear you—loudly enough and clearly enough but without trying to shout or appearing to force yourself. Remember, too, that it is the same if you are called to an interview whether it is with a professor of your school or a government official who might meet you. The person you are seeing will try to put you at your ease (not worried) but the situation is somewhat different from that of an ordinary conversation. You must take special care that you can be heard.
1. When you speak to the class, you should speak ____________.
A. as slowly as possible B. in a low voice.
C. loudly D. forcefully
2. Usually, when you speak to the class, the class is___.
A. noisy B. quiet C. having a rest D. serious.
3. The situation in the class is _____than in your house.
A. not very different from B. sometimes the same as
C. sometimes not different from D. not the same as
4. If you are having a conversation with an official, the most important thing for you is _________.
A. to show your ability B. to be very gentle
C. to make sure that you can be heard D. to put the official at ease
5. The main idea of the passage is _________.
A. that we should talk in different ways in different situations
B. that we must speak loudly
C. that we must keep silent at any time
D. that we must talk with the class
Every month, Julia and her cousins would go to visit their grandparents. They would be excited because their grandfather would give them a few coins. Then they would buy toys or sweets. The grandparents commented that, behaving like this, the children would never learn to manage their money. So they planned a special test, in which the children would have to show, over the course of a year, just what they could manage to get with those few coins.
Some thought that they would save their money, but Ruben and Nico continued spending it all on sweets. So they give up saving.
Monty decided to manage his money by exchanging it: buying and selling things, or betting (打赌) it with others. Soon he surprised the whole family. He had accumulated (积聚) lots of money. However, Monty was not very careful, and he got involved in more and more risky deals. A few months later he became penniless after a losing bet. Alex, had a will of iron. He saved the money and at the end of the year he had collected more money than anyone. Even better, with so much money, he managed to buy sweets at a reduced price, so that on the day of the competition he was presented with enough sweets for much more than a year. And even then, he still had enough left over for a toy. He was the clear winner, and other children learned the advantages of knowing how to save and how to wait.
There was also Julia. Poor Julia didn’t enjoy the competition, because even though she had had a wonderful secret plan, she had spent her money without giving her plan enough time to work. However, she was so sure that her plan was a good one, that she decided to carry on with it, and maybe change the expressions on her relatives’ faces, who had seemed to be saying “What a poor girl shel is. She couldn’t manage to save anything”.
When she was about to complete the second year of her plan, Julia surprised everyone by turning up at the grandparents’ house with a violin and a lot of money. She did it really well.
24. Who saved nothing at the end of the first year?
A. Ruben, Julia and Alex B. Ruben, Nico and Monty
C. Ruben, Monty and Julia D. Ruben, Nico and Alex
25. Why did the grandparents plan a test on the children?
A. Because they wanted the children to learn to spend money.
B. Because they wanted the children to learn to save money.
C. Because they wanted the children to learn to manage money.
D. Because they didn’t want the children to buy toys and sweets any more.
26. From Monty’s story, the children learned ______________________.
A. to save and to wait. B. to buy and to sell things
C. to set a achievable goal. D. to be careful and self-disciplined
27. The underlined sentence in the fourth paragraph means ______________.
A. Julia will bring disasters to herself and her family.
B. Julia is not good at managing money.
C. Julia is too stupid to do anything well.
D. Julia has so many secrets that nobody likes her.
This weekly four-day physical activity schedule will get your kids excited about being active.
When the kids get home from school, don’t let them go straight to the TV and get settled in. Encourage them to get moving and get off the couch(沙发) by giving them a pedometer(计步器). Pedometers are the most fun when parents also use one because that turns stepping, walking and running into a game to see who can get the most steps.
The kids have done a great job so far this week, but now they long for a little more TV time. Instead of turning on cartoons, let them watch fitness movies made just for kids. These movies encourage watchers to get up and dance along to kid-friendly music.
Get the whole family out of the house together and over to a park. Bring lots of sports equipment, pack a healthy picnic and have a family competitive sports day. Kids and adults get into groups and play against each other in tennis, basketball or soccer. After everyone has played hard for a couple of hours, stop for a picnic and then if your family isn’t too tired, go back and play some more.
Every child loves to play video games and there is no better time to allow kids to play them than on Sunday when no homework is due. But don’t let them play a game that forces them to sit down for hours. Dance games with a floor mat(垫子) to help kids follow the dance moves are popular to kids.
21. Parents are advised to use a pedometer together with their kids because _______.
A. they can give their kids some advice about walking
B. it can prevent them from watching TV too much
C. their kids will not use it if they don’t
D. this will allow them and their kids to have a fun competition
22. On Thursday when a kid wants to watch TV, his parents should ______.
A. let him watch it for a short time
B. show fitness movies to him
C. take him out for a walk instead
D. watch cartoons with him
23. According to the author, the best time for a kid to play video games is ______.
A. Sunday B. Tuesday C. Saturday D. Thursday
I was doing some last-minute Christmas shopping in a toy store. A nicely dressed little girl was looking through the teddy bears(泰迪熊) beside her father when she saw a little boy walk in and stop in front of the Pokémon toys. His jacket was obviously too small. He had money in his hand. However, it looked no more than five dollars at most. He was with his father as well, and kept picking up the Pokémon video games CDs. Each time he showed one to his father, his father shook his head, “No”.
Rather disappointed, the boy gave up the video games and chose a book of stickers(汽车标签) instead . After they walked away, the little girl ran over to the Pokémon video games CDs. She excitedly picked up one lying on top of the others, and raced down toward the counter（柜台）. I picked up my things and followed the girl and her father.
Then, much to the little girl’s delight , the little boy and his father got in line behind her. After the CD was paid for and bagged, the little girl handed it back to the cashier(收银员) and spoke something to her. The cashier smiled and put the bag under the counter. I was putting things in my bag when the little boy came up to the cashier. The cashier said, “ Congratulations！ , you’re my hundredth customer today, and you win a prize!” and she handed the boy the Pokémon video game CD. The boy could only stared in disbelief. It was, he said, exactly what he had wanted! The little girl and her father had been standing at the doorway, and I saw the biggest and prettiest smile on that little girl I have ever seen in my life.
39.What did the boy want to buy?
A.A teddy bear B.A Pokémon toy C.A book of stickers
D.A Pokémon video games CD
40.How did the girl help the boy ?
A. She gave him some money.
B.She bought him a Pokémon video game CD.
C.She asked her father to buy him lots of things.
D.She asked the cashier to give him a book for free.
41.We can learnt from the passage that _________.
A.the girl has a beautiful heart and is helpful
B.the girl is familiar with the cashier of the store
C.the girl’s father didin’t like her to help the boy
D.the boy knew the girl bought him the Pokémon video game CD
Driving a car is not just handling controls and judging speed and distance. It requires you to predict what other road users will do and get ready to react to something unexpected , When alcohol is consumed, it enters your bloodstream and acts as a depressant （抑制药），damaging eyesight, judgment and co-ordination （协调），slowing down reaction time and greatly increasing the risk of accidents. Even below the drink driving link , driving well be affected.
Alcohol may take a few minutes to be absorbed into the bloodstream and start action on the brain. Absorption rate is increased when drinking on an empty stomach or when consuming drinks mixed with fruit juice. To get rid of alcohol from the body is a very slow process and it is not possible to speed it up with any measures like taking a shower or having a cup of tea or coffee.
The present Road Traffic Ordinance states clearly that the limit of alcohol concentration is :
● 50 milligrams of alcohol per 100ml of blood ;or
● 22 micrograms of alcohol per 100ml of breath ;or
● 67 milligrams of alcohol per 100ml of urine(尿液)
Drivers who cause traffic accidents, or who commit a moving traffic offence or
are being suspected of drink driving will be tested.
Any drive found drinking beyond the limit will be charged.The driver declared
guilty may be fined a maximum of HK25,000 and be sentenced to up to 3 years
in prison and punished for 10 driving-offence points; or temporarily banned
The same punishment applices to failing to provide speciments(本) far breath,
blood or urine tests without good excuse.
Drink driving is a criminal offebce.Be a responsible,driver,think before you drink. For the safety of yourself and other road users, never drive after consuming alcohol.
13.The first paragraph is mainly about_____________.
A. the introductions of driving skills B.the process of alcohol being absorbed
C. the effect of drinking on driving D. the dangaga of drinking to your body
14.The underlined word “it” in the second paragraph refers to “________”.
A. alcohol B. absorption C. process D.blood
15. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A. Drinking below the drink driving limit has no effect on driving.
B. Having a cup of tea helps to get rid of alcohol from the body
C. .Alcohol is taken in more quickly when drunk with fruit juice.
D.50 milligrams of alcohol per 100ml of breath is below the drink limit