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  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-06-20
    来源: 2017年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语(江苏卷)试题及答案 解析.DOC

    Population Change

    Why is the world’s population growing? The answer is not what you might think. The reason for the explosion is not that people have been reproducing like rabbits, but that people have stopped dropping dead like flies. In 1900, people died at the average age of 30. By 2000 the average age was 65. But while increasing health was a typical feature of the 20th century, declining birth rate could be a defining one of the 21st.

    Statistics show that the average number of births per woman has fallen from 4.9 in the early 1960s to 2.5 nowadays. Furthermore, around 50% of the world’s population live in regions where the figure is now below the replacement level(i.e.2.1 births per woman)and almost all developed nations are experiencing sub-replacement birth rate. You might think that developing nations would make up the loss(especially since80% of the world’s people now live in such nations), but you’d be wrong. Declining birth rate is a major problem in many developing regions too, which might cause catastrophic global shortages of work force within a few decades.

    A great decline in young work force is likely to occur in China, for instance. What does it imply? First, China needs to undergo rapid economic development before a population decline hits the country. Second, if other factors such as technology remain constant, economic growth and material expectations will fall well below recent standards and this could invite trouble.

    Russia is another country with population problems that could break its economic promise. Since 1992 the number of people dying has been bigger than that of those being born by a massive 50%,Indeed official figures suggest the country has shrunk by 5% since 1993 and people in Russia live a shorter life now than those in 1961.Why is this occurring? Nobody is quite sure, but poor diet an above all long-time alcoholism have much to do with it. If current trends don’t bend. Russia’s population will be about the size of Yemen’s by the year 2050.

    In the north of India, the population is booming due to high birth rates, but in the south, where most economic development is taking place, birth rate is falling rapidly. In a further twist, birth rate is highest in poorly educated rural areas and lowest in highly educated urban areas. In total, 25% of India’s working-age population has no education. In 2030, a sixth of the country’s potential work force could be totally uneducated.

    One solution is obviously to import foreign workers via immigration. As for the USA, it is almost unique among developed nations in having a population that is expected to grow by 20% from 2010-2030. Moreover, the USA has a track record of successfully accepting immigrants. As a result it’s likely to see a rise in the size of its working-age population and to witness strong economic growth over the longer term.

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  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-06-11
    来源: 江苏省张家港市崇真中学2016-2017学年高二下学期英语周考4 Word版缺答案.doc

    A conflict at work is common. If you can avoid conflict, it means you will win what you want regardless of what the other person wants. Since the potential issue has not been removed, it will simply reappear later. Here are the necessary steps to effectively get rid of conflicts at work.

           ★Be aware of the fact that some conflicts are unavoidable at work. On numerous occasions, conflict and disagreement are likely to happen. But when a conflict happens it's not the end of the world. On the contrary, it can be the beginning of an interesting learning process. Conflicts mean that people care enough to disagree strongly. The trick is not to allow the conflict to go on forever.

           ★ Deal with conflicts sooner rather than later. Solve a conflict when it starts, as it only gets worse with time going by. Conflicts at work arise not from something that was said, but from something that wasn't said! Everyone's waiting for the other to admit he's wrong and gets more unpleasant after the conflict has lasted a while. It's essential to interrupt the "waiting game" before it gets to that point.

           ★ Ask nicely. If somebody has done something that made you angry, or if you don't understand their viewpoint or actions, simply asking nicely about it can make a world of difference.  Never assume that people do what they do to annoy or hurt you. Sometimes there's a good reason why that person does what he or she does, and a potential conflict disappear right there. Do remember to make an inquiry, not an accusation of any sort.

           ★ Appreciate. Praise the other part in the conflict. Tell them why it's worth it to you to solve the conflict. This can be difficult as few people find it easy to praise and appreciate a person they disagree strongly with, but it's a great way to move forward.

    Topic

    How to 1. _________ conflicts at work

    Reason

    Conflicts won't 2. _________ if not dealt with

    3. ________ on

    handling conflicts

    ● Don't be afraid of conflicts which can happen in many 4. ______ and try to resolve a conflict soon or it will get 5. __________

    ●Interrupt the "waiting game" and try to admit your

    6. _________ actively.

    ● Don’t imagine people do something to make you 7. ________ on purpose.

    ● Remember not to 8. ________ others, but ask them nicely about what they do, which may make a difference.

    ● Try to appreciate the other part in the conflict although it is

    9. _________ to do so.

    10.         

    If you learn to do with conflicts, you'll work in joy.

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  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-06-11
    来源: 江苏省张家港市崇真中学2016-2017学年高二下学期英语周考3 Word版含答案.doc

    For thousands of years, the most important two buildings in any British village have been the church and the pub. In fact, until a place has a church and a pubit isn’t really considered a community worthy of a name. Traditionally, the church and the pub are at the heart of any village or town, since it is where people gather to give and receive news. In fact, the word pub' is short for public house.

    That's how it used to be, but things are beginning to change. It is said that the credit decline is causing 39 British pubs a week to go out of business. People dont have lots of spare money to spend on beer. Recently, the UK government banned smoking in all pubs, and that may also have affected the number of customers going to pubs.

    This decline is happening despite the fact that in recent years the UK government has started to allow pubs to stay open after 11 p. m. Previously, with 11 p. m. as closing time, customers would have to drink quite quickly, meaning they sometimes got more drunk than they would if allowed to drink slowly. The British habit of drinking a lot very quickly is known asbinge drinking “, and it causes some long-term health problems for people and problems with violent crime for communities. The UK government is changing the law to discourage binge drinking, and regularly spends money on television advertisements to warn people of the problems of drinking too much.

    In order to save their businesses, pubs are trying to change with the market. Now, there are a number of different types of pubs.

    As you can see, British pubs now offer something for everyone. A lot of pubs used to be
    working men
    ' s clubs, meaning that women could not usually enter. Today, however, women can freely enter 99% of pubs without experiencing any problems. Perhaps things are changing for the better after all.

    Topic

    The (1) ____of British Pub Culture?

    The (2 )____role of churches
    and pubs in people
    ' s
    daily life in the UK

    ♦People won't name an area  (3)____there is a church and a pub.
    ♦They are the places where people gather to
    share news.

    The (4) _______ of
    the decrease of the
    pub business

    ♦The credit decline is said to cause many pubs to (5)____down.

    No smoking is (6)_______ in any pubs, which may have had an

    effect on the business.
    ♦The government is trying hard to
    (7)  _______binge drinking.

    (8)_______ to save
    the business

    ♦Pubs are making changes to (9)____ the needs of the market.
    ♦As a woman in the UK nowadays, you can
    enjoy a drink in
    almost all the pubs.

    (10)_________  

    Things are changing for the better probably from now on.

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  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-06-09
    来源: 江苏省张家港高级中学2016-2017学年高二下学期期中考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Lead poisoning occurs when lead is presented in high level in the blood of a person. It is the most common medical problem found in children. And it’s important to recognize the presence of lead in a child’s body because lead is very harmful.

    Children have the tendency to go around and put things in their mouth like paint. This is one of the main causes of lead poisoning. I also have found that children born in poor families have higher chances of getting exposed to lead. Lead can also be found in old water pipes and food and juice cans.

    Some of the common symptoms of lead poisoning in children are headaches, stomach pain, hair loss, muscle weakness, weight loss, ect.

    Lead poisoning can have severe effects and can lead to heart diseases, kidney diseases and other problems. It can also result in mental retardation and low I.Q. level. There have been cases where lead poisoning proves to be deadly for the child.

    It’s difficult to recognize whether a child is affected with lead poisoning easily, as the symptoms of this disease can occur due to some other medical problems. Therefore, children under the age of 6 should regularly be checked to know the level of lead in their blood, through blood test. It’s possible to completely cure a child with lead poisoning through treatment. Usually, oral medicines are given to the child, while sometimes, they’re injected for reducing the lead level. Children who have very high level of lead in their blood would need treatment for a long period of time and would also be put on a special diet.

    Parents have to take certain measures to lower the chance of lead poisoning in children. Cleaning the house regularly and removing shoes at the door, after coming from outside, will prevent the lead particles(微粒) from entering the house. Children should be put on a healthy diet, containing high proportions (比例) of calcium and iron, such as eggs, milk, fruits, potatoes, ect. which helps to keep the lead level in control, in the child’s body. In short, parents should be careful and protect their children from the horrible consequences of lead poisoning.

    Lead Poisoning in Children

    Paragraph outline

                         Supporting  details          

    Introduction

    • A person is ____76____ by lead when it is presented in high levels in the blood.

    •Lead poisoning is not a(n) ___77____ medical problem in children.

    Causes

    • Children may put harmful things in their mouth.

    • Children from poor families are more likely to have ___78___ to lead.

    • Lead can be contained in old water pipes, food and juice cans

    _____79____

    Headaches, stomach pain, hair loss, muscle weakness, weight loss, ect.

    _____80___

    • It can lead to several kindsof diseases.

    • It can ___81____ mental retardation and low I.Q. level.

    Treatment

    • Children below six should receive ___82____ check to know the lead level.

    • Children take oral medicines or receive an injection to ___83___ the lead level.

    • Children with high level of lead should be___84____for a long time and have a special diet.

    Prevention

    • Clean the house and remove shoes at the door after coming from outside.

    • Give children a _____85___ of healthy food.

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  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-06-09
    来源: 江苏省盐城市时杨中学2016-2017学年高一下学期期中考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    To make our digestive (消化的) system work well, we should avoid doing some things after having a meal, for example, drinking water. It is true that a person should drink 8 glasses of water every day to stay healthy. However, drinking water right after eating or even during a meal may disrupt (扰乱) digestion. It might affect on the natural levels of acid and bile (酸和胆汁) that are necessary for proper digestion. What’s more, drinking cold water after eating might slow down (减慢)digestion. So try to avoid drinking water at least an hour after a meal, and avoid drinking it while eating.

    Though walking after eating is healthy, doing it immediately after a meal is not. Doing so will make it difficult for the digestive system to take in nutrients (营养) from the food. Besides, the blood will flow towards other parts of the body, like legs, hands, etc., which will make the digestive tract not have enough amount of blood flow that is needed for proper digestion. So we should wait for at least 2 hours after eating, and then begin exercising.

    Sleeping should also be avoided right after eating. This is because going to bed right after a meal will lead to improper digestion. What’s more, such a habit will also make you put on a lot of weight. Therefore, wait for an hour or two, and then go to sleep.

    Many of us have the habit of drinking tea just after lunch or dinner, which is really unhealthy. The tea leaves are rich in acid which prevents the protein in the food from digesting. The best time to drink tea is at least one hour after eating.

    Eating fruits right after a meal may fill the stomach with air and cause discomfort. They will also take time to reach the digestive tract, disturbing the entire process of digestion. To protect your stomach from digestive problems, eat fruits before or after 1-2 hours of a meal.

    In a word, if you avoid doing all the above things after eating, you will surely make your digestion easy, and you will be less likely to have digestive problems.

    Things to avoid immediately after eating

    Drinking

    water

    ● Drinking water immediately after eating or during a meal may disrupt digestion, which might (71)____________ on the natural levels of acid and bile.

    ● Drinking cold water after eating probably reduces(减少)the (72) ____________ of digestion.

    ● Don’t drink water until at least an hour has passed after a meal.

    Going for

    a walk

    ● If we walk right after a meal, our digestive system will have (73) ____________ taking in nutrients from the food.

    ● Walking right after a meal will make the digestive tract not have  (74) _________ amount of blood flow that is needed for proper digestion.  

    ● Don’t (75) ____________ out within two hours after eating.

    (76) ____________

    ● Going to bed right after eating will (77) ____________ in improper digestion.

    ● Going to bed right after eating can cause one to (78) ____________ weight.

    Drinking

    tea

    ● The tea leaves are rich in acid, (79) ___________ prevents the protein in the food from digesting.

    ● Drink tea at least one hour after eating.

    Eating fruits

    ● Eating fruits right after a meal may fill the stomach with air and make you feel (80) ____________.

    ● Fruits should be eaten before or after 1-2 hours of a meal.

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  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2017-06-08
    来源: 江苏省启东中学2016-2017学年高一下学期期中考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    If your determination for the new year is typical, it probably includes a commitment to lose weight. But if you are like most Americans, any success you have cutting pounds will be short-lived, and you’ll end the year weighing more than you do right now.

       So why are Americans addicted to weight loss? Many people say they want to lose weight to improve their health, but this may not actually be their primary motivation. In one of the more interesting surveys I’ve seen, more than three-fourths of the 231 dieters surveyed said that they would take a pill that would guarantee they would achieve or maintain their desired weight even if it would lower their life expectancy. On average, they were willing to give up 5.7 years.

    These findings may seem puzzling, but they are not so surprising when you consider weight-loss attempts for what they really are: efforts to protect against weight-based discrimination.

    Yale researchers have shown that weight discrimination in the US has increased dramatically in the last decade and is now comparable in prevalence (普遍) to rates of reported racial discrimination, especially among women.

    Multiple studies have documented weight prejudice in employment, healthcare, education and public spaces – unequal treatment based on stereotyping (模式化) fat people as lazy, unmotivated, sloppy and lacking in self-control and competence.

    When I was doing research for a book on the social understanding of fat, several heavy women told me they were often blamed for eating in public. Some tearfully shared stories of having had people actually throw food at them. Heavy women are routinely teased in advertisements, television and film.

    Of course, there are genuine health risks associated with higher body mass. The clearest case is that of Type 2 diabetes, which becomes more likely as weight goes up.

    It is clear that anti-fat prejudice in and of itself has a bad effect on public health in ways many may not suspect.

    Fear of tease leads many heavier women to avoid exercising in public or even – when they are very heavy – to avoid leaving their homes, taking away social interaction from them. And the fear of becoming fat can lead women of all sizes to develop eating disorders that can reduce their lives and be dangerous to their health.

    What should be done about weight-based discrimination? The answer is to call for increasing tolerance and appreciation of diverse body types.

    This year, before setting about another diet, ask yourself why you want to lose weight. If it is to improve your health, perhaps you should pay attention to health-increasing behaviors that are more directly linked to health: swear, for example, to get more sleep, eat more fruits and vegetables, get regular physical activity, or spend more time with friends.

    But if you are trying to change your body to protect against discrimination and shame, consider making a different kind of new year’s determination: to stand up to intolerance and prejudice in all its various forms.

    A puzzling phenomenon

    Americans are addicted to weight loss, though their efforts always end in (71)____________.

    (72)___________

    for Americans’

    addiction

    to weight loss

         They want to improve their health. Higher body mass poses risks to health.

         Americans lose weight primarily to protect against weight-based discrimination.

    Weight-based discrimination and

    its

    (73)___________

    ◆ Weight discrimination in the US has increased dramatically in the last decade, and it is quite common, (74)____________ with rates of reported racial discrimination.

    ◆ Fat people are (75)____________ treated in many ways, stereotyped as lazy, unmotivated, untidy, lacking in competence and unable to (76)____________ themselves.

    ◆ Antifat prejudice in and of itself has a bad effect on public health. Fear of tease leads many heavier women to avoid exercising in public and to be prevented from social interaction; The fear of becoming fat (77)____________ for women of all sizes developing eating disorders.

    (78)___________

    ◆ (79)____________ and appreciate diverse body types.

    ◆ If you are to improve your health, (80)__________ on health-increasing behaviors.

    ◆ Make a different kind of determination, if you are to protect against discrimination and shame: to resist intolerance and prejudices, in all its various forms.

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  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-06-08
    来源: 江苏省启东中学2016-2017学年高二下学期期中考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    About Social Work

           If helping people out is your thing, then social work is the field for you. Of course, just being polite and holding the door open for others won’t be classified as professional work. Social work involves giving back to society a little bit of what you feel you owe to it.

           It is often divided into two different branches. You can either help society physically of financially. Some people who do not have money to give back contribute with their time and energy. There are several cases where we see that people go for teaching poor children and conducting drives on social awareness. Many others, with more money but less time, prefer financing social work bodies by handing out large sums of money as donations to help them run.

           An attitude of service is important as the point of social work is to help people grow. It is all about serving people who are financially difficult and need your support to be able to work on the same basis with the rest of the world.

           The people that social workers are serving are clearly for one reason or the other, disadvantaged. By helping out, the basic idea is to reduce this difference between them and the rest of the world. So the person who has taken on the task needs to keep in mind that ensuring equality is an important part of their work. It needs to be done with the goal of making sure that at the end of it, every person has an equal chance.

           Integrity(正直)is one of the central values because it is integrity itself that reflects the true spirit of social work. Integrity is a feeling which is borne out of moral correctness and the need to keep to one’s value systems. When integrity is made a part of the central values, only then can the social work be considered a success.

           Gone are the days when this was left to those with little time and few skills which a great success can be made out of in the job market. Social service today requires a great deal of ability, hard work and a drive to do things better, much as is the case with any teamwork. An unskillful person most certainly cannot go, nor is any less than the best performance demanded by those who are in it.

           The field of social work is a job that needs much skill nowadays and it requires nothing but the best performers. But all through, one should remember the central value of the existence of social work, which is to help the poor so that they too may become able world citizens.

    About Social Work

    Two (91) ___________ that people contribute to society

    Some people help society (92) ___________.

    Some people, especially the (93) ___________, donate money to help others.

    Good (94) ___________ needed to be a first-class social worker

    You should hold an attitude of (95) ___________ and keep it in mind.

    It’s important to make sure everyone enjoys (96) ___________ in terms of chances.

    Integrity can decide whether your social work is (97) __________.

    You need to have the (98) ___________ to meet the requirements of today’s social work.

    The thing that social workers need to (99) ____.

    To help the poor become able world citizens is the (100) _________ value of social work.

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  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2017-06-07
    来源: 江苏省姜堰中学 如东中学 沭阳中学 前黄中学四校联考2017届高三二模适应性考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    If you have a daughter, take the time to read this. It could save her a lot of heartache. Not to mention stomach aches, headaches, missed days of school, lower grades, eating issues and depression.

    The sad truth is that every school, whether public or private, has mean girls. I bet you can still even remember who they are from your school. As a school consultant and mother of three daughters, I know firsthand both personally and professionallyhow much it hurts when girls are targeted by bullies (恃强凌弱者).

    The old saying “sticks and stones may break my bones, but words will never hurt me,” couldn’t be further from the truth. While boys usually bully through intimidation (胁迫), girls bully through exclusion, also called relational aggression. Here's an example of a case of relational bullying, taken from my experience as a school consultant:

    “Heather” was miserable because a girl in her class, “Leslie,” was not only saying mean things to her face, but getting the other girls in the class to exclude her with the age old line “You can’t be friends with me, if you’re friends with her.” In our sessions, Heather would complain that she didn’t have anyone to play with because girls were afraid that if they hung around her they’d become Leslie’s next target.

    In order to improve the situation, I had to not only reduce the power Leslie had, but empower Heather as well. Here are some ideas that helped, adapted for use by parents:

        Ask for specifics when your daughter mentions bullying. Who? Where? How?

        Tell the principal and classroom teacher the specifics of how she is being bullied. Have them tell other teachers (i.e., gym, art, music), hallway monitors and cafeteria staff so that everyone who comes in contact with her can be on the lookout and ready to interfere.

        Explain to her that reporting an incident is not the same as tattling (打小报告), and have her tell an adult at school when she is being bullied.

        Teach her to convey self-confidence by walking confidently, with her head up. Bullies target those they think are weaker.

        Arrange opportunities for your daughter to socialize with her friends outside of school to help her maintain a strong social support system.

    In Heather's case, these steps relieved the problem. But because it’s tougher to catch girl bullies, it’s extremely important for girls to tell an adult if they are being bullied. Unlike boys, who usually bully physically, mean girls often spread rumors, whisper as their target walks by, talk loudly about a party she wasn’t invited to, give her the silent treatment, and as discussed above, tell others not to be friends with her. School personnel are there to help, but in order to do anything they must know a problem exists!    

    Bullying from mean girls

    Passage outline

    Supporting details

    Different forms of girl bullying

    ◇refusing to (71) ______ someone in groups

    (72) ______ others not to befriend someone

    ◇spreading rumors about someone

    ◇treating someone with (73) ______

    Bad effects of girl bullying

    ◇causing the victims to suffer both physically and (74) ______

    ◇leading to the (75) ______ in the victims’ school performance

    (76) ______ on fighting against girl bullying

    ◇Get (77) ______ information about the bullying.

    ◇Inform the school staff to interfere with bullying.

    ◇Encourage kids to (78) ______ help when bullied.

    ◇Develop confidence in your kids to (79) ______ showing weakness.

    ◇Help kids to gain support by (80) ______ with friends.

    Conclusion

    The problem of girl bullying can be solved by joint effort.

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  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2017-06-07
    来源: 江苏省大丰市新丰中学2016-2017学年高一下学期期中考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    School failure is a process in which a student slips farther and farther behind his peers(同龄人)and gradually disconnects from the educational system. The end result of school failure is leaving school before graduation. Many cases of school failure happen among students who have the ability and intelligence to succeed but are not able or willing to apply these abilities in the school setting.

    People who fail in school may feel “stupid”, but emotional or mental health problems and “hidden” learning disorders, not low intelligence, often are the root causes of their inability to meet the standards of a school. The following are some factors that can lead to school failure.

    Depression is one of the most common causes of school difficulties. It is a condition that makes people trapped in low spirits for long periods of time, have less energy, and lose interest in studies that normally give them pleasure.

    Anxiety is a feeling of excessive worry about a possible danger or an uncomfortable situation that is intense enough to interfere with(妨碍)a person’s ability to concentrate and focus.

    Students also may bring their problems at home to school with them. If a student’s family is experiencing violence, unemployment, or any other upsetting situation, it can be difficult for him to concentrate on schoolwork. Many students who are having family problems might have trouble controlling their anger and frustration at school, and they may end up in trouble because of their behavior.

    Learning disorders are conditions that interfere with gaining specific academic skills, such as reading or writing. Learning disorders can damage a person’s ability to process or remember information.

    Students at risk of school failure need to be identified as early as possible in their school careers if they are to receive the help they need. This task usually falls to the teachers and parents. Parents can help by taking a genuine interest in their children’s school life and attending school events. They should take seriously sudden changes in their children’s behavior, sleeping, or eating. Besides, they should help their child identify what he or she is bad at or good at.

    On the other hand, there are a lot of things teachers can do to help those students who fail in school. For example, they can develop learning plans that support the students’ strengths, carry out evaluations about their possible learning disabilities, support their learning by teaching them how to study, and encourage them to participate in school activities, such as sports, plays, or clubs, so that they feel they are a part of the school.

    School failure

    The concept of school failure

    School failure refers to a process where a student falls behind others and becomes gradually 71.  ▲    from the educational system.

    It can result in a student 72.  ▲   school early at last.

    The 73.  ▲   leading to school failure

    Some students feel depressed, thus becoming less 74.  ▲   and less interested in studies.

    Some students can’t keep 75.  ▲   on studies due to their anxiety.

    Many students with family problems might have trouble at school.

    Learning disorders can make students unable to perform well 76.  ▲  .

    Tips for parents

    Show your 77.  ▲   about your child’s school life.

    Don’t 78.  ▲   sudden changes in the child’s behavior, sleeping or eating.

    Help to identify the child’s weaknesses and strengths.

    Tips for teachers

    Develop learning plans to support the students’ strengths.79.  ▲   the students’ possible learning disabilities.

    Teach study skills to support the students’ learning.

    Involve the students in school activities to make them have a sense of 80.  ▲  .

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  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-06-07
    来源: 江苏省大丰市新丰中学2016-2017学年高二下学期期中考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Acting is the activity of performing in plays or films. It’s about living an alternative reality. It lets you explore all kinds of possibilities of what you could be. Just being your own self can be boring sometimes, and acting gives you an opportunity to be someone else for a while. It is voluntarily entering the psyche (心灵) of another personality and thinking according to a different set of values and constraints (约束). It lets you explore many parts of you, which you thought never existed. It lets you deeply explore what it means to be a human being.

    One of the best ways to begin your own acting studies is to start reading some good plays. Choose your favorite role from one of your favorite plays and prepare to act it out in front of the audience. To learn to act, you must act. Here are some tips on how to become an actor with no experience:

    To play a role, you must understand the character that you are going to play with open arms. Understand the plot of the play, as well as the psyche of your character. Understand the conditions in which your character lives. Try to understand why your character behaves in that way. So you must learn the lines or dialogues thoroughly and explore the thought behind every sentence. This will help you picture the circumstances in which the character finds himself/herself. Some actors go as far as “living” as that person for a while, to understand him or her. The idea is to go as close as possible to being that person. More importantly, only through practice can you get close to actually being that person. So seize every chance and perform as frequently as you can. This will help you develop confidence and overcome stage fright.

    As a student of acting, you need to always be a sponge (海绵), ready to absorb, learn, and observe the performances of great actors, to learn the slight differences of the art. While you watch movies, plays and any other performance, study the differences of a role played by any actors, especially the masters. By just keeping your eyes open, you can pick up a lot of things.

    Why do you want to act? Is it for money, fame, or genuine love for the art? Would you do it if you were not paid for it? If the answer and your motivation is love for acting, you are sure to eventually succeed.

     

    About acting

    (71)     

    of acting

    ● It allows you to explore various possibilities of what you could be.

    ● It helps remove your (72)       by enabling you to be someone else.

    ● It allows you to (73)       another psyche and life.

    ● It can enrich your life and let you explore the (74)       of being a human being.

    A good way

    for beginners

    Read good plays and choose a (75)       role to act.

    Tips on

    acting

    Understand

    your character

    thoroughly.

    ● Understand the plot of the play and your character’s psyche.

    ● Understand the (76)       where your character lives.

    ● Try various ways to get (77)       to your character’s life.

    ● Never miss an (78)       to perform.

    (79)       

    and learn.

    Watch movies and plays to learn from professional actors’ performing skills.

    Have a love

    for acting.

    ● Try to figure out the (80)       for your desire to act.

    ● If you act out of love, you will keep motivated and finally succeed.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-05-08
    来源: 江苏省启东中学2016-2017学年高一下学期第一次月考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    In many parts of the world, traveling by train is a common experience. Sometimes, as a result of saving time during travel and due to a packed schedule, people may end up traveling by plane or taking buses for shorter distances. However, in comparison, rail travel has distinct advantages over buses, planes, cars or boats.

       For example, next to ships, trains offer the most spacious mode of travel. For a big group, the entire compartment or two is free to change into a temporary camp. You can move around, take a walk, lie down, put your legs up, and walk to the dining car for a meal if you feel hungry. Also you have the freedom to sleep in the right position, sit comfortably, and decide your own time of arrival. As a result, you will have a comfortable journey.

      Trains also can provide cheaper baggage weight. Why? Trains do not require baggage checks, and all luggage is in front of you; not many items are restricted, and you can take as much luggage as you can, as long as you can carry it around yourself, because it is so much cheaper than airlines.

      In addition, trains are easier to catch other means of transport. As we know, the same city usually has about 2-3 major stations where one may choose to get on or off. Unlike bus stations or airports, there is no single point of entry and exist from a particular city, which also enables you to catch a train easily. It saves large amounts of money in taxi fares, reducing the distance from stations to the destination.

      Trains make you have more interaction with others. How many times have you been annoyed by pushy, sleeping, snoring, armchair-grabbing men on buses, where you regret having received the worst co-passenger in travelling history? Or do you remember the last time you had a meaningful conversation with a stranger sitting next to you? Traveling by train makes it possible to create such relationships with co-passengers you’re forced into a room with for an average of twelve hours.

      More importantly, trains run in almost any weather, except heavy snow, which is almost always taken care of. Blocked roads or stormy weather is not a threat to the train. So if there is an emergency and all flights are booked or grounded, the train is the best and most convenient solution.

      So everyone must undertake a train journey at least once in their lives, just to gain one of the best experiences of traveling there is. After all, if it is the journey, not the destination, that counts, then take a train to make the journey stress-free.

    Title: Travelling by train

         86    

    Trains have many advantages over many other means of transportation though

    they are slower than planes or run longer     87     than buses.

    Advantages

    ◆A train offers a lot of space for you to move or rest freely, which offers you

         88   

    ◆ You can get on the train without getting your luggage     89   

    ◆ Trains are available thanks to several major     90      in the same city

    ◆On the train, you have more     91      to communicate with others.

    ◆ If it doesn’t snow     92     , you can always travel by train.

    ◆ A train won’t be     93      by blocked roads or bad weather

        94   

    Take a train if you aren’t in a hurry and don’t want your journey to be   95    

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2017-04-13
    来源: 江苏省仪征中学2017届高三下学期期初测试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    How traffic affects our health

          When talking about traffic problems, weso need to take into consideration the pollution that we are exposed to and the health problems traffic causes. Given below is an in-depth exposition on how traffic affects our health and what we can do to avoid some of these effects to live a longer and healthier life.

    Aches and Pains

          Driving in a slouched(无精打釆的)position puts pressure on your back and neck. Back pain is often due to poor posture which can have a negative effect on your health. Your bad posture also puts stress on the joints of your elbows and knees, causing pain and tiredness to these areas of your body.

         When you are driving in traffic, you are constantly shifting between the accelerator and brake (in automatic transmission cars), and clutch, brake, and accelerator (in manual transmission cars). This constant shifting puts pressure and stress on your knees, causing knee-related problems and aches.

    What can you do?

        You can counteract these ill effect and posture problems by sitting upright and having a support for your lower back and neck. Adjust the position of your seat in such a way that you can drive at ease without any discomfort. The backrest of the seat should be straight up, and not pulled down too much. Respiratory(呼吸的)Problems

        Exposure to heavy traffic implies exposure to poisonous gases that are emitted by vehicles. It is believed that the transportation sector in the US is responsible for a quarter of the country’s greenhouse gas emissions.

        Our lungs arc like sponges, soaking in everything that is breathed in by our respiratory system. The smoke coming out of the tailpipes of vehicles presents a serious threat to human health. Prolonged exposure to traffic emissions can cause, various respiratory diseases including lung cancer.

    What can you do?

         There are ways to avoid breathing in polluted air. If you can, avoid driving in parts of your town with heavy traffic congestion. However, if you find yourself driving through such areas, roll up your car windows to minimize exposure to harmful gases. If you plan to go out for a walk or run, do it in a place where you get loads of fresh air. Eat foods that are rich in antioxidants(抗氧化剂)and exercise regularly so that your immune system is strong enough to fight off potential threats to your health.

         Travel and traffic are two things that are absolutely unavoidableand that is why we should try to be as comfortable as possible, to be stress-free and illness-free!

    How traffic  affects our health

    Passage outline

    Supporting details

    Lead-in

    When it (71) _____________ to traffic problems, we should pay enough attention to the pollution we are exposed to and the health problems that traffic causes.

    Aches and Pains

    Problems

    (72) ______________ a poor position when you are driving can affect your health badly in several ways such as back, neck, even the joints of your elbows and knees.

    Shifting posture constantly in the (73) _____________ of driving will put pressure and stress on your knees, causing aches and pains.

     

     

     

     

    Solutions

    You can sit upright and have a support for your lower back and neck. You can make (74) _____________   to the position of your seat.

    You can (75) ______________   the backrest of your seat and avoid pulling it down too much. 

    Respiratory

    Problems

    Problems

    It is believed that the transportation sector is to (76) _____________     for a quarter greenhouse gas emissions in the US.

    Our lungs breathe in harmful elements in the smoke from vehicles, damaging our health seriously.

    Long exposure to dangerous pollutants from vehicles can cause various lung-related diseases, lung cancer (77)  _____________  .

    Solutions

    You should try to drive through the areas (78) ______________ from heavy traffic congestion.

    You must wind up your car windows to keep exposure, to harmful pollutants to the (79)  _____________ .

    You should choose a place where you get loads of fresh air to take a walk or have a run.

    You must attach (80) ______________  to your diet and regular exercise to fight off potential threats to your health.

    Conclusion

    We should try to be stress-free and illness-free while driving or I traveling.

     

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-04-13
    来源: 江苏省如皋市2017届高三下学期语数英联考(一)英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Maintain a healthy diet

    Maintaining a healthy diet can be challenging for a variety of reasons: insufficient time, ever-evolving research on super foods, and an overwhelming amount of competing and expensive diet plans. Long story short, there’s tons of noise out there about what to eat and what not to eat. It seems like everyone is an “expert” these days with an opinion. So, to save you time and undue stress, we’ve streamlined that information, pulling out the most common diet habits from leading voices in the wellness world. Keep scrolling to find out our top five.

    First, remember breakfast might just be the most important meal of the day, so it’s important you start off on a healthful foot. To get started, you may find it helpful to stick to similar foods each morning, nothing too complex—think egg whites, organic berries, spinach, and avocado. Or just stick to a smoothie(果汁与牛奶混合的饮料) once you get comfortable with that, certified holistic nutritionist Elizabeth Stein advised a few delicious recipes for a healthy breakfast perfect for the weekend when you have a little more time to experiment in the kitchen.

    It’s undeniable that one of the first names we think of in Hollywood wellness is Gwyneth Paltrow. She’s an ardent follower of healthy living and elimination diets such as CLEAN that consist of, you guessed it, clean whole foods; i. e. foods with tons of additives are out, like frozen dinners, fast food and most any takeout. She contributes a lot to the progress of the focus to shift to organic produce, learn animal proteins, nuts and non-gluten grains and starch (and her body is kind of proof it works). She even wrote a book of healthy recipes, it’s All Good.

      Exercise benefits our health of course, but following a workout, your body is in recovery mode and your metabolism in overdrive. Consuming the correct foods to replenish, reduce inflammation, and re-hydrate is key. We even have a specific list of which foods to reach for after a workout from our exclusive interview with plant-based nutrition site Vega’s national educator and RHN, Emma Andrews.

    Besides, don’t forget consuming soda is one of the worst things you can do to your body. In a study published in the medical journal Heart, drinking only two cans of any soda is proven to make you more likely to suffer from heart disease. Instead, sip on a sweet alternative like Vita Coco Coconut Water.

    And we should consume healthy fat. That’s right, according to three nutritionists, there are some fats that are considered great for the body’s digestion, and we should all be adding them to our grocery list ASAP. A few to know: avocado, raw nuts, and coconut oil.

    title

    How to maintain a healthy diet

    (76)____________

    Lack of time and numerous diet plans make it difficult to maintain a healthy diet. Besides, new research on super foods are always(77)_____up.

    tips

    *Saying no to (78)____breakfast.

       Start from similar and (79)______foods each morning, and then have a (80)__________at a few delicious recipes if you are not time-constraint.

    *Eating whole foods

      Gwyneth Paltrow is a big fan of healthy living and elimination diets and (81)_____the focus to shift to whole foods

    *Refueling after a workout

       After a workout, what counts is to consume the correct foods to help our body(82)_________

    *Avoiding soda

       Soda is proven to be harmful to your body in that only two cans of any soda can (83)_______the risk of heart disease. An (84)______is to have Vita Coco Conconut Water.

    *(85)________healthy fats

       Some fats are recommended to be added to our grocery list ASAP.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-04-10
    来源: 江苏省联盟大联考2017届高三2月联考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    The worst time to look for a job is when you must have a new one immediately.Job Searching under pressure often results in nervous interviewing and decision-making from rela­tively few options.If you are not in need of an immediate career change,here are ways you can improve your long-term career prospects (前景) today:

    Identify at least two different roles.You do not have to be qualified for these positions today,nor do they have to exist in your company.However,these roles should be related to your current skill set.They are career options that look interesting.Once you have a couple of targets,think about why and what interests you.Pay close attention to what appeals to you,and write it down.This will give insight into your motivations and targets.

    Subscribe to a career specific magazine.Knowledge is power in the workplace.All busi­nesses must stay relevant to their customers in order to win the competitions and increase revenue(收益).Reading about industry trends,advancements and success stories keeps you in touch with market conditions.This information allows you to see which companies and pro­fessionals are leading the peck.You can follow their examples in your own workplace.If you associate with those that stand out from the rest,you are likely to find yourself with better opportunities.

    Do exceptional work.In any role,there is a way to perform at your best.Look for ways to deliver a top performance.Show up early,be flexible to new assignments,have a positive attitude,cooperate with other departments,pay attention to the little details.

    Be professionally curious.Talk to people about their careers.Learn more about how success is measured in other roles,departments and companies.Ask people their thoughts on different industries.Challenge yourself to expand your business knowledge through interactions with people at regular time.People hire people.You never know what connections may be relevant when you start your next job search,so develop a habit of making good connections no matter where you go.Take the time to learn about others,and be helpful when you can.

    As in all things in life,getting in front of a difficult task early is always less stressful than reacting to a career surprise.Changing jobs is to be expected.No matter how secure you feel today,the time will come when either you or your employer decide it is time to change.

    How to Improve Your Carter Prospects

    Passage outline

    Supporting details

    Introduction

    ♦Job searching under pressure (71)    ▲     nervous interviewing and decision- making from relatively few options.

    Identify at least

    two different roles

    ♦The roles are supposed to have (72)    ▲     to do with your currrnt skill set.

    ♦Pay close attention to those things that (73)    ▲     yoa

    Subscribe to a magazine on carter

    ♦The relevant knowledge in the workplace can help beat the (74)    ▲     working in other companies.

    ♦Follow the examples in your field,making it (75)    ▲     for you too get better chances.

    Do exceptional work

    ♦ Try your best to perform at your best

    ♦ Work early to finish new tasks with a flexible and positive attitude.

    ♦ Cooperate with other departments,not (76)    ▲     little details.

    Be professionally curious

    ♦ Talk about people’s careers and learn how people (77)    ▲     success in other role and fields.

    ♦ Widen your business knowledge by interacting with people (78)    ▲    .

    ♦ Develop a Habit of connecting well wherever you go.

    Conclusion

    ♦ Getting hard tasks early can be more (79)    ▲     than reading to a career surprise.

    ♦ Changing jobs may be unavoidable in your way.(80)    ▲      the fact that you fed secure today.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-04-10
    来源: 江苏省南京师范大学附属扬子中学2017年高三2月期初调研考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

     A brief course of brain exercises helped older adults hold on to improvements in reasoning skills and processing speed that could be detected as long as 10 years after the course ended, according to results from the largest study ever done on cognitive training(认知训练).

    The findings, published on Monday in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, offer welcome news in the search for ways to keep the mind sharp as 76 million baby boomers(婴儿潮出生的一代人) in the United States advance into old age.

    The federally-sponsored trial of almost 3,000 older adults, called the Advanced Cognitive Training for Independent and Vital Elderly Study(ACTIVE), looked at how three brain training programs—focusing on processing speed, memory and reasoning ability—affected  cognitively-normal adults as they aged. 

    People in the study had an average age of 74 when they started the training, which involved 10 to 12 sessions lasting 60 to 75 minutes each. The training course was designed to improve specific cognitive abilities that begin to decline as people age. It did not aim to prevent dementia(痴呆) caused by underlying disease such as Alzheimer’s(阿尔茨海默症). After five years, researchers found that those with the training performed better than their untrained counterparts(相对应的人) in all three measures.

    Although gains in memory seen at the study’s five-year mark appeared to drop off over the next five years, gains in reasoning ability and processing speed lasted 10 years after the training.

    “What we found was pretty astonishing. Ten years after the training, there was evidence the effects were durable for the reasoning and the speed training,” said George Rebok, an expert on aging and a professor at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, who led the study.

    The participants in all three training groups also reported that the training made it easier for them to do daily activities such as managing their medications, cooking meals or handling their finances than those who did not get the training. But standard tests of these activities showed no differences between the groups.

    “The speed-of-processing results are very encouraging,” said study co-author Jonathan King, program director for cognitive aging in the Division of Behavioral and Social Research at the National Institute on Aging (NIA), part of the National Institutes of Health, which helped fund the research.

    King said the self-reported improvements in daily function were interesting, but added, “We do not yet know whether they would truly allow older people to be independent for a longer time.” However, the researchers said even a small gain would be likely to ease the burden on caregivers and health care providers.

    “If we delay the attack of difficulties in daily activities even by a small amount, that can have major public health implications in terms of helping to control healthcare costs, delaying entry into institutions and hospitals,” Rebok said.

    Brain Training Courses Keep Seniors (71)___▲___

    Basic information about the study

    The study was (72)___▲___ by the federal government.

    There were about 3,000 participants who were 74 years old on (73)___ ▲____.

    They were given cognitive training, whose (74)___▲___ were processing speed, memory and reasoning ability.

    Findings of the study

    The training made the participants better at processing, (75)__ ▲__ and reasoning.

    With the brain exercises, older adults saw (76)___▲___ in reasoning skills and processing speed for 10 years after the training.

    According to the participants’ own report, they had an (77)___▲__ time with daily activities.

    (78)___▲____of the study

    The findings help in looking for ways to keep the mind sharp with the baby boomers (79)___▲___.

    Opinions of the researchers

    It is unknown whether the effects of brain training would enable older adults to live independently longer.

    However, even a small gain could reduce the burden of (80)__ ▲__ the elders.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-04-04
    来源: 河北省定州中学2016-2017学年高一下学期开学考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Travelling to all corners of the world gets easier and easier. We live in a global village,  but this doesn't mean that we all behave in the same way.

    How should we behave when you meet someone for the first time? An American shakes your hand firmly while looking you straight in the eye. In many parts of Asia, there is no physical contact () at all. In Japan, you should bow, and the more respect you want to show, the deeper you should bow. In Thailand, people greet each other by pressing both hands together at the chest. In both countries, eye contact is avoided as a sign of respect.

    Many countries have rules about what you should and shouldn't wear. In Korea, you should takeoff your shoes when entering a house. Remember to place them neatly together where you came in.

    In Spain, lunch is often the biggest meal of the day, and can last two or three hours. For this reason many people eat a light breakfast and a late dinner. In Mexico, lunch is a time to relax, and many people prefer not to discuss business as they eat. In Britain, it's not unusual to have a business meeting over breakfast.

    In most countries, an exchange of business cards is necessary for all introductions. You should include your company name and your position. If you are going to a country where your language is not widely spoken, you can get the back side of your card printed in the local language. In China, you may present your card with the writing facing the person you are giving it to.

    Title: Good 35______

    Aspect

    Country

    Custom

    36______

    ·America

    ·Japan

    ·37_ _____

    ·Shaking hands firmly

    ·38______to show respect

    ·Pressing both hands together at the chest

    Dressing

    ·Korea

    ·Taking off your shoes at the 39______

    Eating

    ·Spain

    ·Mexico

    ·40_ _____

    ·Having a light breakfast and a late dinner

    ·Relaxing while having 41______

    ·Holding a business meeting over breakfast

    Doing business

    ·Most countries

    ·China

    ·Exchanging business card when 42_ _____

    yourself

    ·Presenting a card to a person 43_ _____ its front facing him

    Conclusion: When travelling44_ _____, we should follow local customs.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-04-04
    来源: 河北省定州中学2016-2017学年高一(承智班)下学期开学考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Travelling to all corners of the world gets easier and easier. We live in a global village,  but this doesn't mean that we all behave in the same way.

    How should we behave when you meet someone for the first time? An American shakes your hand firmly while looking you straight in the eye. In many parts of Asia, there is no physical contact () at all. In Japan, you should bow, and the more respect you want to show, the deeper you should bow. In Thailand, people greet each other by pressing both hands together at the chest. In both countries, eye contact is avoided as a sign of respect.

    Many countries have rules about what you should and shouldn't wear. In Korea, you should takeoff your shoes when entering a house. Remember to place them neatly together where you came in.

    In Spain, lunch is often the biggest meal of the day, and can last two or three hours. For this reason many people eat a light breakfast and a late dinner. In Mexico, lunch is a time to relax, and many people prefer not to discuss business as they eat. In Britain, it's not unusual to have a business meeting over breakfast.

    In most countries, an exchange of business cards is necessary for all introductions. You should include your company name and your position. If you are going to a country where your language is not widely spoken, you can get the back side of your card printed in the local language. In China, you may present your card with the writing facing the person you are giving it to.

    Title: Good 34______

    Aspect

    Country

    Custom

    35______

    ·America

    ·Japan

    ·36_ _____

    ·Shaking hands firmly

    ·37______to show respect

    ·Pressing both hands together at the chest

    Dressing

    ·Korea

    ·Taking off your shoes at the 38______

    Eating

    ·Spain

    ·Mexico

    ·39_ _____

    ·Having a light breakfast and a late dinner

    ·Relaxing while having 40______

    ·Holding a business meeting over breakfast

    Doing business

    ·Most countries

    ·China

    ·Exchanging business card when 41_ _____

    yourself

    ·Presenting a card to a person 42_ _____ its front facing him

    Conclusion: When travelling43_ _____, we should follow local customs.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-03-27
    来源: 广东省天河中学2016-2017学年高一下学期英语2月月考试题及答案 Word版含答案.doc

    It is interesting to know what people of different nations like to be best.

    In France, when a woman enters a café or restaurant, she is freely discussed, not only about her appearance but about her past and future as well. She invites looks in the street whether she is beautiful or plain. There is no better way for a woman to get back her self-confidence than a walk in the streets of Paris or Marseilles, and woman really like that.

    In Italy, people love talking. They sit about in cafes, exchanging news and discussing politics. They do not hesitate to ask questions about the family, income and private life of anybody who happens to be there.

    The Swiss eat as a pastime. Ladies walk into a teashop, eat a couple of ice creams and a large piece of chocolate cake, and then leave, complaining about their weight.

    For the Americans, the greatest fondness is said to be the push of buttons. You push a button in the lift, you push a button for cigarette, chewing gums, stamps, even for a life insurance. You can even push a button to get married and another button to get divorced.

    In England, waiting in a line is national passion. The English will form a line whether they have the opportunity or not. Long queues can be seen, for example, at stations when the train is practically empty and everybody can have a seat.

    In different (76)____

    What people like to do best

    In France

    People love to discuss how a woman (77)______, what she did in the past and what she will be in the future.

    Women like to (78)_____ in the street to get back confidence.

    In Italy

    People sit in café, (79)_____ with each other, and sometimes they even ask about some (80)_____ information.

    In Swiss

    Ladies eat a lot of fatty (81)______ but they often (82)_____ having done so.

    In the (83)___

    It seems that you can do almost everything (84)____ pushing buttons.

    In England

    The whole nation love to (85)______in a line almost anywhere and anytime.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2017-03-04
    来源: 江苏省张家港市崇真中学2016-2017学年高二上学期国庆自主检测英语试题 Word版缺答案.doc

    Bike share programs range from small, community-based programs that offer bikes for free use to larger, technology-based services that involve public and private partnerships. Whichever form, they share common goals: fewer traffic jams in large cities, more lasting means of transportation, improved safety of communities and better health for riders.

    While many Europeans have relied on biking as a form of transportation for many years, bikes share programs were introduced in large cities of the U.S. to encourage non-bike riders to join along and make it convenient for people to get around town without having to worry about locking up their bike or maintaining it.

    This original programs that offered free bikes were ruined by theft and vandalism(故意破坏), but newer technology has helped decrease crime. Most large programs have electronic cards, computer or telecommunication tracking, and a system that stores credit card information. Bikes are usually clearly designed or colored so they are immediately recognized and some have parts that won’t work on other bikes. With membership fees at usually around forty dollars every year, they are significantly cheaper than driving and public transportation.

    In the United States, community bike programs have been around for years. Portland’s Yellow Bike Project started in 1994. SmartBike DC, which started in 2008, and over one hundred bikes spread around Washington, D.C. New York City has an experimental bike share program in the summer; Portland, Minneapolis, Arlington, San Francisco, Boston, and Chicago are all intending to start small bike share programs.

    Colleges have also been interested in community bikes. At the University of New England, for instance, students are given a $260 bicycle, for free, in exchange for leaving their car at home with their parents. However, many have had to stop programs due to unreturned bikes and vandalism

    Starting bike share programs isn’t easy. Even the large programs in Europe still face theft and vandalism, and ridership drops during the winter and maintenance fees can add up. One disadvantage in the U.S. is that many communities aren’t set up for biking; they’re set up for driving. Long travels and a lack of bike lanes can’t necessarily be solved with easy-to-access bikes. Yet for those cities that are relatively flat and crowded, bike share programs —and increased bike ridership in general — offer so many benefits you have to wonder if two wheels might be the ride of the future.

    Title: Bike Share Program

    Goals

    ● To 71._____________ traffic jams in large cities

    ● To encourage more lasting means of transportation

    ● To improve safety of communities and riders’ health

    Measures

    ● Most large programs have electronic cards, computer or telecommunication tracking, and a system 72._____________ credit card information.

    ● Bikes are usually clearly designed or colored, so they are easy to

    73. _____________ and some have parts that won’t work on other bikes.

    74. _____________

    ●Portland’s Yellow Bike Project started in 1994

    ● SmartBike DC started in 2008

    ● New York City has an experimental bike share program in the summer

    ● The University of New England gives students a $260 bicycle free of

    75. ______________

    Advantages

    ● It brings 76. _____________ to people getting around town without having to worry about locking up their bike or maintaining it

    ● Biking is not as expensive as driving and public transportation

    77._____________

    ● Bikes are not 78. __________, and they are often destroyed on purpose

    ● Fewer people ride bikes during the winter and maintenance fees can 79.___________.

    ● Many communities are set up for driving 80. ___________ of for biking

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    来源: 江苏省泰州市第二中学2015-2016学年高一上学期第二次限时作业英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Day after day you are glued to your computer screen. You cannot get enough of online games, net shopping or cyber surfing. Your social life gets worse, and so does your health. Chances are that you are addicted to the Internet and you need counseling(劝告,建议).

    On November 8, an Internet Addiction Disorder (IAD) diagnostic manual(诊断手册)was approved by a group of psychologists in China, who agreed that Internet addiction is a mental disease. According to a report on Xinhuanet.com, the manual for the first time gives a clear time standard for diagnosing IAD, saying that surfing the Internet for more than six hours a day, not for the purpose of studying or working, and having done so for less than three months, might be a symptom of IAD.

    Addiction symptoms vary

    Besides the long online time, some other symptoms would also help doctors diagnose IAD patients, such as having a strong desire for the Internet and feeling physical discomfort, becoming easily angry, being unable to concentrate on things or finding it difficult to sleep if unable to get online.

    Apart from these conditions, other symptoms are also listed in the manual. If a net surfer cannot get out of the virtual world of Web games, which has already affected his/her capability to study or work, or he/she feels little interest in doing anything but jumping online or is afraid to communicate with others, he/she is also considered to be an IAD sufferer.

    According to the World Health Organization, mental disease sufferers have two major characteristics: they bring suffering to both themselves and their families, and their abilities to be involved in social activities are affected.

    Mental illness stigma污名)

    However, it has resulted in a backlash(反对)from the public, due to the fact that mental disease is a very sensitive term to Chinese.

    Many netizens dropped comments expressing their doubts about the manual, saying that they could not accept they might be suffering from mental illness just because they spent too much time on the Internet.

    Experts said there is a misunderstanding of the manual. Explaining that IAD sufferers are not “crazy people”, they call on society at large to change their understanding of mental disease. Mental disease covers a wide range of psychological or behavioral problems, such as depression.

    New Solutions to Internet Addiction

    Information about IAD

    Problem:

    Internet addiction makes your social life and (81) _____ get worse.

    Standard for diagnosing IAD:

    Internet addiction is a (82) _____ disease when you surf the Internet more than six hours a day for less than three months not to (83) _____ or work.

    (84) _____ addiction symptoms

    They are

    eager to surf the Internet, physically uncomfortable, easy to be angry, unable to concentrate or (85) _____ to sleep.

    unable to get out of the (86) _____ world of Web games, not (87) _____ in doing anything else or afraid to communicate with others.

    (88) _____about mental illness

    Many netizens regard mental disease as a very (89) _____ term.

    Experts think it necessary to (90) _____ mental disease because it covers a wide range.

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