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  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-01-11
    来源: 河北省定州中学2016-2017学年高二(承智班)上学期周练(10.9)英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    An Extension of the Human Brain

       Other people can help us compensate for our mental and emotional deficiencies (欠缺)much as a wooden leg can compensate for a physical deficiency. To be exact, other people can extend our intelligence and help us understand and adjust our emotions. When another person helps us in such ways, he or she is participating in what I’ve called a social prosthetic (义肢的)system. Such systems do not need to operate face-to-face, and it’s clear to me that the Internet is expanding the range of my own social prosthetic systems. It’s already a big bank of many minds. Even in its current state, the Internet has extended my memory and judgment.

    Regarding memory: Once I look up something on the Internet, I don’t need to keep all the details for future use—I know where to find that information again and can quickly and easily do so. More generally, the Internet functions as if it were my memory. This function of the Internet is particularly striking when I’m writing; I’m no longer comfortable writing if I’m not connected to the Internet. It’s become natural to check facts as I write, taking a minute or two to dip into PubMed, Wikipedia, or other websites.

    Regarding judgment: The Internet has made me smarter in matters small and large. For example, when I’m writing a textbook, it has become second nature to check a dozen definitions of a key term, which helps me dig into the core and understand its meaning. But more than that, I now regularly compare my views with those of many others. If I have a new idea, I now quickly look to see whether somebody else has already thought of it, or something similar—and I then compare what I think with what others have thought. This certainly makes my own views clearer. Moreover, I can find out whether my reactions to an event are reasonable enough by reading about those of others on the Internet.

    These effects of the Internet have become even more striking since I’ve begun using a smartphone. I now regularly pull out my phone to check a fact, watch a video, read weibo. Such activities fill the spaces that used to be dead time (such as waiting for somebody to arrive for a lunch meeting).

    But that’s the upside (好处). The downside is that in those dead periods I often would let my thoughts flow and sometimes would have an unexpected insight or idea. Those opportunities are now fewer and farther between.

    An Extension of the Human Brain

    A prosthetic nature

    The 57     can help make up for our mental and emotional deficiencies as a wooden leg can compensate for a bodily deficiency.

    It 58     in our daily events, extending our intelligence, comprehending our feelings, and expanding the range of social activities.

    Wonderful aspects: memory and judgment

    On the Internet, we could quickly and easily locate the details, and check facts, without 59     them in mind.

    The Internet makes us smarter over 60     kinds of things. It provides a dozen definitions of a key term for us to find the 61    of the matter.

    The Internet enables us to exchange ideas with many others to 62     our claims, and to 63     our actions.

    The 64     sides of smartphones

    Smartphones make it easier and more 65    to check reality, watch video clips, read weibo.

    Smartphones 66    the possibility for new and insightful minds, and steal away our dead time.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2016-12-30
    来源: 江苏省扬州中学2016-2017学年高二上学期10月月考试题 英语 Word版含答案.doc

          Often the importance of having dinner with the whole family at the dinner table is strengthened. We are told that “a family that eats together stays together”; we even follow it by making the whole family sit in front of the television while eating. Is it right? Wrong. Television does nothing to help make family relationships better. In fact, it only widens the gap between the members of the family, especially parents and children. It’s thus better to sit at the dinner table. Family dinners should include another important part―conversations that create a pleasant atmosphere. However, it’s often difficult to start a conversation at a family dinner. Moreover, many people make the mistake of raising controversial (有争议的) topics at dinnertime, causing one or more members, or the whole family, to lose their appetite. So it is important to keep in mind some family dinner conversation ideas.

          It often serves well to start the conversation right before dinner so that setting the table and other housework may become less boring. Doing things together, whether it is talking or laying the table, can make family members feel interested so that there are no embarrassing moments when people are actually eating. You can also change the topic if you feel that it might start arguments and destroy everyone’s appetite.

          Children are usually very good at sharing information and don’t know exactly how to reply when you ask them questions like “How was school today?” So make sure you know more about them than just the fact that they go to school―like which book they are reading or movie they watched recently, or ask them about the extracurricular activities that they might be taking part in.

          Family dinners should be positive and conversations during dinnertime should encourage family members to eat well. All controversial topics should be avoided at dinnertime. There are plenty of other times when such topics can be discussed, but dinnertime isn’t the right time. Actually, if you have any funny stories that happened in your daily life, that’s the time when you can have a good laugh over them with others. It is also a good idea to look back on your childhood memories with your family members. They, especially your children, will feel excited about the crazy, sometimes stupid things that you did as children. In short, it is always necessary to choose the right topics for family dinner conversation.

    Family Dinner Conversations

    Paragraph outline

    Supporting details

    (66)     with

    the family dinner

    Watching TV while eating together makes the gap between the

         family members (67)   

    Talking about something controversial while eating

         together results in (68)     of appetite.

    Id   Ideas about

        family dinner

        conversation

    St   Start early

         Begin to talk before dinner to make

           everyone feel (69)    in doing the      

           housework related to the dinner.
    Don’t talk about what may make family

           members (70)    with each other

           and destroy their appetite.

    C   Care about

         children

    You need to have a good (71)      of

        their activities so that you can talk with your

        children about what they did or are doing.

    C   Choose right

        (72)    

    You should make sure that everyone is

        (73)     to eat well by your positive

    Ta  talking.

       You should not say anything that is

         controversial.

       You can (74)      information about

        what happens in your daily life with

        your family members.

         You can talk about your childhood

          stories with your family, which may be

        crazy or even stupid. In a word, there is

        much (75)     to choose the right topics at

        at meals.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2016-12-21
    来源: 江苏省溧阳市竹箦中学2017届高三上学期期初考试英语试题 Word版含解析.doc

    Throw the bottles and boxes of drugs out of your house. A new theory suggests that medicine could be bad for your health, which should at least come as good news to people who cannot afford to buy expensive medicine. This new theory argues that healing is at our fingertips: we can be healthy by doing Yoga on a regular basis.

    Supporters of medical treatment argue that medicine should be trusted since it is effective and scientifically proven. They say that there is no need for spiritual methods such as Yoga. These waste our time, something which is quite precious in our material world. There is medicine that can kill our pain, x­rays that show us our bones or MRI that scans our brain for tumors (肿瘤)

    We must admit that these methods are very effective in the examples that they provide. However, there are some “everyday complaints” such as back pains, headaches, insomnia, which are treated currently with medicine. When you have a headache, you take an Aspirin; when you cannot sleep, you take Xanax without thinking of the side effects of these. When you use these pills for a long period, you become addicted to them; you cannot sleep without them. We pay huge amounts of money and become addicted instead of getting better. How about a safer and more economical way of healing? When doing Yoga, you do not need anything except your energy so it is very economical. Its popularity has spread particularly throughout America and Western Europe. In quantum (量子) physics, energy is recognized as the fundamental substance (物质) which the universe consists of. Yoga depends on the energy within our bodies. It is a simple and effective way of restoring the energy flow. There are no side effects and it is scientifically explained.

    Opponents of alternative healing methods also claim that serious illnesses such as HIV/AIDS and cancer cannot be treated without drugs. They think so because these patients spend the rest of their lives in the hospital taking medicine. How can Yoga make these people healthy again? It is very unfortunate that these patients have to live in the hospital losing their hair because of chemotherapy (化疗), losing weight because of the side effects of the medicine they take. Actually, it is common knowledge that except for when the cancer is recognized at an early stage, drugs also cannot treat AIDS or cancer. Most of the medicines these patients use are to ease their pain and their sufferings. Instead of drugs which are expensive and have many side effects, you can use your energy to overcome the hardships of life, find an emotional balance, leave the stress of everyday life and let go of the everyday worries. We should definitely start learning Yoga and avoid illnesses before it is too late.

    Title: Health and Healing at Your Fingertips

    1.______to a new theory

    A new theory argues that doing Yoga 2.______ can keep people healthy while medicine might do 3.________ to people’s health.

    Support of medical treatment

    People should 4.______ medicine as it is very useful for killing pain.

    Medicine is effective and scientifically proven while Yoga is a kind of spiritual method and doing Yoga is only a 5.______ of time.

    Illnesses 6.______ HIV/AIDS and cancer can only be treated with drugs.

    Support of Yoga

    Doing Yoga is safer and not as 7.______ as taking medicine.

    Most of the medicines that patients with some 8.______ diseases use are to ease their pain and their sufferings but can not cure them.

    Yoga has no side effects and also there is a 9.______ explanation. It can restore the energy flow in people’s bodies, which can 10.________ our emotions, control thoughts,  overcome the hardships of life, leave the stress of everyday life and let go of the everyday worries.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2016-12-21
    来源: 江苏省溧水高级中学2017届高三暑期开学考试英语试题解析(解析版)Word版含解斩.doc

    If You Get In, Make College Count

    As tuition costs rise, with post-undergraduate (本科毕业后) jobs difficult to find, is higher education worth the cost?

    Here is an unfortunate truth: For far too many incoming freshmen, collegeany collegeis not worth it. Year after year, students fail to get the full value of their tuition.

    Many critics blame this cost/value problem on the universities, though each critic might point to a different reason: teachers always think of difficult research, the high costs of athletics, or the popularity of majors that are supposedly not suited to the new job market, to name some of their favorites.

    But these are symptoms and not the illness itself. In our experience, the source of the wasted university experience begins with the student. Too often, students make bad choices or, frankly, just not enough great choices.

    Too often we meet students who are so exhausted by the business of getting into college that they don’t work hard once they arriveone of the most common wastes of time and tuition. A poorly constructed transcript (成绩单) can be destructive to a student’s education. Failure to engage and build professional working relationships with professors in office hours (which may lead to continued study, internships and more) also hurts the student’s experience.

     Another mistake is failing to make use of the many support networks on today’s college campuses. It’s almost embarrassing how many good offerings are rolled into each tuition dollar, but most students don’t know they exist.

    Another common point of failure is filling the schedule with too many extracurricular activities as students once did in high school, rather than getting intensely involved in one or two at most. The same can be said of overburdened course loads.

    The final great failure we frequently see is the approach students (and their parents) take to selecting a major and accurately seeing its impact on a future career. University systems are not vocational schools. While critics nowadays complain about the attraction of useless majors – and some do exist – more frequently we see too many students pursue a course of study that is not their strength, simply because it seems to have obvious connections to a potential job after graduation.

    Rather than perform poorly in a “practical” major and be of little interest as a future job candidate, we say it is better to major in a subject where a student would do well and master the tools of communication and analysis. Students who choose a unique major should complement (使更具有吸引力) that with some well-chosen skill courses, internships and other co-curricular activities that help them with career opportunities after college.

    So, is college worth it? It can be. Studies show that college graduates have many advantages – material, social and emotional – that can lead to greater success later in life.

    To get the full value out of college, students must be as diligent and creative about getting out of college as they were about getting in. After all, the most beautiful, Olympic saltwater pool does you no good if you don’t know how to swim.

    Introduction

    Students in college are (71)   ▲    to get the full value of the constantly rising tuition. Critics hold that the universities are responsible for the problem, but actually it is students themselves that are to (72)   ▲   .

    Students’

    mistakes

    Students tend to stop working hard after (73)   ▲    to college.

    ● Students fail to take advantage of the (74)   ▲    that colleges provide.

    ●(75)   ▲   in too many extracurricular activities makes students overburdened with course loads

    Students can’t adopt a correct (76)   ▲    to select a major and accurately see its future potential.

    Author’s advice

    ● Take personal (77)   ▲    and strength into account.

    ● Learn the skills of communication and analysis.

    ● Choose some skill courses, internships and other co-curricular activities to     (78)   ▲    future career chances.

    ● Most importantly, diligence and creativity (79)   ▲   .

    (80)  ▲  

    Students, and only students themselves, can get the best out of college, as long as they learn the skills to swim in the beautiful pool of college.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:3 入库时间:2016-11-29
    来源: 山西省忻州市第一中学2016-2017学年高一上学期新生摸底英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

       It is widely accepted that television is playing an important part in people's lives. But, there is a heated discussion as to whether television does good or harm.

    Television keeps one learning more about present events, allows one to follow the most recent developments in politics and science, and offers various programs which are both instructive and exciting. The most distant countries, the strangest customs and the most attractive scenes of nature are brought right into one's room or house.

    However, some people insist that television is bad rather than good. They argue that it has brought about many serious problems. The major one is its effects on young people. Children are now so used to getting their information and entertainment from television that their ability to read and write as well as physical ability has been greatly weakened. Even worse than that, vulgar( 庸俗的) advertisements and poor programs may develop their bad tastes, shape their view points badly towards human life to such a degree that their minds might be destroyed.In a word, television has both advantages and disadvantages. Whatever effects it has, one point is certain, television in itself is neither good nor bad. It is the use to which it is put that decides its value to society.

    66. What are people discussing nowadays? ___________________________________

    67. What are the advantages television has brought us ? (至少2) ___________________________________

    68. Why do some people think television is bad rather than good? ___________________________________

    69. It is the use to which it is put that decides its value to society. ___________________________________

    70. What's your opinion about television?    

      ___________________________________

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2016-11-27
    来源: 山东省德州市夏津双语中学2016-2017学年高一上学期第二次摸底考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

     In the past twenty years, riding bicycles has become more and more popular among people of all ages. 3 Bicycles have long played an important part in the liyes of American young people. But today an even greater number of adults cycle along roadsides and bicycle paths. These new riders are often trying to become fit or lose weight. They have found that bicycling is a pleasant way to stay healthy.

    This is certainly good for health. But it has also brought some problems. With all these added people on the road, bicycle safety has become a matter of real importance.

    Bicycle safety is mostly a matter of common sense. People should ride only on bicycle paths where they will not be badly hurt. There are also a number of rules that riders should follow, especially when riding on streets or highways. Bicyclists should never ride against the traffic,nor should they carry other people on their bicycles. They are also supposed to ride in single line on busy streets and to "walk bicycles across the busy intersections (交叉路口) .4.By following these rules, bicycle riders will not only stay healthy but also be safe.

    In one recent year, the National Safety Council reported that 34 thousand bicycle riders were hurt in highway accidents. In that same year, another six hundred riders were killed. Since the introduction of crash helmets (头盔) in 1980, the number of injuries (伤者) and deaths from bicycling accidents had gone down. Today, more and more riders realize the dangers of bicycling. They are wearing helmets and paying closer attention to cycling rules.

    1. How many rules should the riders follow? Give one example.

    _______________________________________________________________

    2. According to the National Safety Council's report, what's the total number of injuries and deaths in one recent year?

    ________________________________________________________________

    B. 将短文中划线部分译成汉语。

    3._______________________________________________________________

    4.________________________________________________________________

    C. 请给短文拟一个适当的英文标题。

    5.________________________________________

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2016-11-20
    来源: 江苏省徐州市第三十七中学2015-2016学年高一下学期期中考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Less is more. This is why we say: reduce things by half instead of doubling them, relax instead of stressing, and slow down instead of speeding up. Apply these principles in your everyday life. You will then find yourself well along on your journey to simplification.

    Separate Your Actions

    When you concentrate on one task, you find you have energy that you didn’t even know you had. Just imagine: you have to carry two heavy pigs over 100 yards. If you carry two, it will take forever. But if you tie one pig in a place, pick up the other, gather all your strength and make a dash for the finish line, pause for a moment, run back and get the other one, and carry the second pig to the finish line, then you can be sure of success.

    Say “No” Firmly

    If you have the feeling that 24 hours per day are not enough for all the things you need to do, then it’s not because the day has too few hours, but because you have too many activities. The solution is equally simple: say no to accept so much work in your private life or your working life.

    Allow Yourself to Be Weak

    “I can deal with stress” is regarded as a positive statement in the world of work. People who can deal with stress are given more and more to --- until one day they break.

    Pay careful attention to the signs that tell you that you are under more stress than you can deal with. If you become ill, or your work efficiency decreases, change your life goals. Say quite openly, “I can’t manage that.”

    Stop Expecting Everything to Be Perfect

    “If only I were slimmer, more beautiful, richer, more clever, then I would be happier.” This is a dream that makes a lot of people ill, and unhappy. Life is imperfect. Only those who accept this reality can lead a really full life.

    Of course there are activities in which errors are dangerous: driving a car; crossing the road. But life doesn’t entirely have these things. In among them there is possibility that you may make small and large mistakes.

    Escape Now and Then

    Successful people all have their own places where they can be left alone in order to work. Find out which places improve your creativity. For me it’s the train. When I know that I’m going to be traveling for four hours without phone calls and people knocking on my door, I find my mind is free and I can read or write articles.


    How to    66    your life

    Theme

    Less is more, which helps you    67    a simpler life.

       68  

    to apply

    Concentrate on one task, and you will find you are more    69    than you know and achieve    70    more easily.

       71    to accept too much work in your life.

    Change life goals if you are under more stress than you can  72   .

       73    yourself to make mistakes since life is not perfect.   74   , you will be unhappy.

    Find out where you can be    75    to improve your creativity.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2016-11-20
    来源: 江苏省兴化中学2015-2016学年高一下学期英语限时训练(4.14) Word版含答案.doc

    How do you feel about your body? Do you love your body? Some people, especially women, are unhappy with some part of their bodies. They spend a lot of time criticizing their bodies. My stomach is big! My hips are too wide! I simply hate my body!

    Some people not only share these thoughts with themselves, but share them with anyone who will listen. When you speak negatively about yourself and your body, you instill (灌输) negative thoughts that take away your confidence and self-worth. These thoughts can have a great impact on your goals, how you treat yourself, and how you feel about your body and yourself. Plus, you also open the door for others to speak negatively about you. So you not only have to fight with how you feel about yourself, but how others feel about you, as well.

    Therefore, the next time those negative thoughts and comments come, replace them with those positive thoughts! For example, instead of saying my stomach is big, try saying something positive like, “I wish my stomach was flatter but I have some shapely legs”.

    If you’re still having a hard time to give your body love and appreciation it needs, then consider how much work your body puts in for you. You may hate your arms but they can give the tightest hugs to your children. The next time you talk negatively about your legs, think about those who don’t have legs at all. An attitude of gratitude is so important!

    Start your morning by looking in the mirror and telling yourself how beautiful you are. From your head to your toes and every part of it, you are beautiful. Today is the day when you accept, appreciate and love your body — you only get one!

    Problem

    Some people tend to 1.  ▲   their own bodies.

    2.  ▲   

    ● 3.  ▲   in loss of confidence and self-worth

    ● Affecting your goals, the way you treat yourself, and your 4.  ▲   about your body and yourself

    ● Causing others to 5.  ▲   negatively of you

    6.  ▲   

    ● Trying to think of the 7.  ▲   parts of your body when negative thoughts come

    ● Keeping telling yourself the important 8.  ▲   your body plays in your life

    ● Learning to be 9.  ▲  , you have something that others possibly don’t have

    ● Appreciating your 10.  ▲   in the mirror every morning

    Summary

    You should accept, appreciate and love your body every day because you only get one!

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2016-11-18
    来源: 江苏省泰州中学2017届高三上学期摸底考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

       A great many parents send their children to pre-school---educational programs for children under the age of five. It has been said that his is the time period when the brain does over fifty percent of its growing. This could mean that the learning process should be introduced during these years.

    However, the views that different societies hold regarding the purpose of early childhood education are not same. Whereas Chinese parents tend to see preschools primarily as a way of giving children a good start academically, parents in the United States regard the primary purpose of preschools as making children more independent and self-reliant.

    Preschools can operate under a guiding philosophy of play-based or academic learning. Play-based programs are guided by the central belief that children learn best through play. Play is thought to build children’s interest and love of learning. Academic programs emphasize reading, math and science, and use structured, teacher-directed activities to promote foundational skills in these areas. In the United States, the best-known program designed to promote future academic success is Head Start. The program, which stresses parental involvement, was designed to serve the “whole child”, including children’s physical health, self-confidence, social responsibility, and social and emotional development.

    A recent evaluation suggests that preschoolers who participate in Head Start are less likely to repeat grades, and more likely to complete school in future. Furthermore, graduates of Head Start programs show higher academic performance at the end of high school, although the gains are modest. In addition, results from other types of preschool readiness programs indicate that for every dollar spent on the program, taxpayers saved seven dollars by the time the graduates reached the age of 27.

    Not everyone agrees that programs that seek to enhance academic skills during the preschool years are a good thing. In fact, according to developmental psychologist David Elkind, United States society tends to push children so rapidly that they begin to feel stress and pressure at a young age. Elkind argues that academic success is largely dependent upon factors such as inherited abilities and a child’s rate of maturation, which parents can do nothing about. Consequently, children of a particular age cannot be expected to master educational material without taking into account their current level of cognitive(认知的) development. In short, children require development appropriate educational practice, which is education that is based on both typical development and the unique characteristics of a given child.

    Early Childhood Education

    Reasons for attending preschools

    •The (71)      of the brain matures under the age of five.

    •Parents’ expectations of preschools (72)      greatly.

    Functions of preschools

    •Some programs (73)       on play activities while others on academic activities.

    •Parents are (74)        in some preschool programs.

    (75)      of attending preschools

    •Graduates are more (76)       to go to school.

    •Graduates may achieve higher grades at high school.

    •It can be  (77)       for households in the long term.

    (78)       about preschools

    •Children feel pressured at a young age.

    •Factors determining academic success are beyond parents’ (79)      .

    •Early childhood education must be (80)       with children’s development and characteristics.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2016-11-18
    来源: 江苏省泰兴中学2015-2016学年高一下学期期中考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    For thousands of years, the most important two buildings in any British village have been the church and the pub. In fact, until a place has a church and a pubit isn’t really considered a community worthy of a name. Traditionally, the church and the pub are at the heart of any village or town, since it is where people gather to give and receive news. In fact, the word pub' is short for public house.

    That's how it used to be, but things are beginning to change. It is said that the credit decline(衰退) is causing 39 British pubs a week to go out of business. People dont have lots of spare money to spend on beer. Recently, the UK government banned smoking in all pubs, and that may also have affected the number of customers going to pubs.

    This decline is happening despite the fact that in recent years the UK government has started to allow pubs to stay open after 11 p. m. Previously, with 11 p. m. as closing time, customers would have to drink quite quickly, meaning they sometimes got more drunk than they would if allowed to drink slowly. The British habit of drinking a lot very quickly is known asbinge drinking “, and it causes some long-term health problems for people and problems with violent crime for communities. The UK government is changing the law to discourage binge drinking, and regularly spends money on television advertisements to warn people of the problems of drinking too much.

    In order to save their businesses, pubs are trying to change with the market. Now, there are a number of different types of pubs.

    As you can see, British pubs now offer something for everyone. A lot of pubs used to be
    working men
    ' s clubs, meaning that women could not usually enter. Today, however, women can freely enter 99% of pubs without experiencing any problems. Perhaps things are changing for the better after all.

    Topic

    The (71) ____of British Pub Culture?

    The ( 72 )____role of churches
    and pubs in people
    ' s
    daily life in the UK

    ♦People won't name an area  (73)____there is a church and a pub.
    ♦They are the places where people gather to
    share news.

    The (74) _______ of
    the decrease of the
    pub business

    ♦The credit decline is said to cause many pubs to (75)____down.

    No smoking is (76)_______ in any pubs, which may have had an

    effect on the business.
    ♦The government is trying hard to
    (77)  _______binge drinking.

    (78)_______ to save
    the business

    ♦Pubs are making changes to (79)____ the needs of the market.
    ♦As a woman in the UK nowadays, you can
    enjoy a drink in
    almost all the pubs.

    (80)_________ 

    Things are changing for the better probably from now on.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2016-11-18
    来源: 江苏省泰兴中学2015-2016学年高一12月阶段性检测英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Made in the USA: An Export Boom

    In his State of the Union address two years ago, President Obama argued that in order to recover from the economic recession(经济衰退), one of the few things the US. needed to do was to export more goods around the world. That night, the president unveiled(吐露) a new goal: to double U. S. exports over the next five years. It would be an increase that the president said would “support two million jobs in America.”

    Most economists dismissed the promise at the time as something unrealistic, but two years later, the US. is on pace to meet that goal. American exports are up 34 percent since the president gave that speech, and the number continues to rise.

    Competitive In A Global Market

    Marlin Steel, a metal working business in Baltimore, makes parts that ship all across the world. “We export to 36 countries,” owner Drew Greenblatt tells All Things Considered Host Guy Raz. “We’re working around the clock, and we're growing.”

    It's not just advanced manufacturing exports on the rise, but pork, cattle and all kinds of agricultural exports are up as well. Even American craft beer has found an export market.

    Flying Dog CEO Jim Caruso says that increasingly, people all over the world are trying the beer from the Maryland-based brewery. Caruso says“Even in those top beer-producing countries, a competitive American product is finding a market.”]

    Services Are Exports, Too

    Another place exports are coming from is New York City—in particular, the 30th floor of a Manhattan skyscraper on 5th Avenue and 52nd Street. That's where the consulting firm Kurt Solomon lies. It doesn't actually produce a product for export; it provides management advice and strategy.

    “Four out of every five Americans is now employed in the service industry” the nation's top trade official, Ron Kirk says, “Services are a significant part of our exports, and make up about a quarter of our exported goods.” These services can include everything from legal consulting, finance, information technology and even engineering.

    And There Are Other Factors

    So why has there been an increase of more than 30 percent for exports in almost everything? Part of the increase, at least for the manufacturing side, is due to better technology, says Tyler Cowen, an economist. “A lot of it is being driven by smart machines,” he tells Raz, “The U. S. has high wage rates, which is a disadvantage, but if machines are doing a lot of the work, that doesn’t matter.”

    China factors a lot in America’s export economy, too. “Wages in China have been going up as the country becomes more productive. Thus China is losing the cheap labor advantage it has held for some time.” Cowen says.

    Will Jobs Grow, too?

    “Companies have become more productive by dismissing workers and lowering costs.” Cowen says, “So I don’t view exporting as a way of creating a very large number of jobs, but it will create more profits.”

    So not every business or worker is necessarily benefiting from the export boom in the U. S., and Cowen says that could ultimately lead to a polarization (两极) of economic outcomes.

    Made In the USA: An Export Boom

    Outline

    Details

    The purpose of  increasing exports

    *To help America make a (71 )______ from the economic recession

    *To help raise the nation's (72)______ rate

    The current situation

    *American exports have risen (73)______ thirty-four percent up to now

    *There has been an increase in exports in everything

    *The export boom does not necessarily (74)______ every business or worker

    (75)______ contributing to the export boom

    (76)______ products

    Even in those top beer-producing countries, people try craft beer from Flying Dog, a brewery (77)______ in Maryland.

    Various products

    A variety of products are provided around the world, services (78)______ for 25%

    Lower costs

    *(79)______ take the place of labor, helping companies reduce wages

    *China, who used to take (80)______ of cheap labor, has given way to America in exports to some extent because of its increasing production

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:3 入库时间:2016-11-17
    来源: 江苏省泰兴中学2015-2016学年高一10月阶段性检测英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Atlantis, a beautiful and wealthy island, is supposed to have existed over 11, 000 years ago. It was in the middle of the vast Atlantic Ocean, and was a centre for trade. Its people were very wealthy and powerful. The rulers of Atlantis controlled their people and land, and their power spread to Europe and Africa.

        The weather was very good in Atlantis, and therefore people could grow food all year around. Many different kinds of vegetables, fruits and nuts grew there, and a lot of different animals lived on the island, including elephants.

        Atlantis was the home of Poseidon, the Greek God of the Sea. Poseidon had five sets of twin boys, who became the first rulers of Atlantis. The island’s many hills, fields and rivers were divided between the ten brothers. The eldest son, Atlas, was the first king of Atlantis. He controlled the island’s central hill and its surrounding area.

        At the top of the central hill, a temple was built in honor of Atlas’s father, Poseidon. Inside the temple was a huge gold statue of Poseidon. The rulers of Atlantis discussed laws in the temple.

    For centuries the people of Atlantis lived simple, honest and happy lives. However, over time they began to change. They enjoyed the power they had and desired more of it. When the God Zeus saw how corrupt (腐败) the people of Atlantis were, he was very angry and gathered the other gods together to decide on a punishment for them. The gods agreed with Zeus and decided to sink the island. In one short day and a half, the island of Atlantis, its people and its memorya whole civilizationwere destroyed forever, swallowed up by the sea.

    Atlantis: The (81)      Island

    Brief

    (82)   of the island 

    It is a beautiful and wealthy island.

    It is supposed to have existed over 11,000 years ago.

    (83)     in the middle of the Atlantic oceanit became a center for trade.

    The rulers of it got its people and land (84)     control.

    Weather on the island 

      It had very good weather.

      It was suitable to grow food (85)     the year.

      It was rich in fruits, vegetables and animals, elephants (86)    .

    Stories about the island

    It was the home of Poseidon, the Greek God of the Sea.

    Poseidon’s five sets of sons became the first rulers of Atlantis.

    The ten brothers divided its hills, fields and rivers between themselves.

    The eldest son, Atlas was the first to (87)     the island.

    A temple was built on the top of the central hill in honor of Poseidon. 

    (88)     for the sinking of  the island

    People’s (89)     to enjoy more power made them corruptive.

    Zeus gathered the other Gods to decide to (90)     them, by sinking the island, which was swallowed up by the sea in one and a half days.   

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:3 入库时间:2016-11-17
    来源: 江苏省泰兴中学2015-2016学年高一5月阶段性检测英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    It is commonly understood among females that makeup is going to improve their beauty, but they are unaware of the reason that they should not wear makeup. It is true that a woman can still look beautiful by letting her inner and natural beauty shine. It is not good to carry makeup all the time. Here are some surprising reasons why one should think carefully before applying makeup.

    Most of the makeup carries harmful ingredients such as propylene glycol, sodium benzoate and other acids. Our skin may have an allergy(过敏) to them. These toxins(毒素) are extremely harmful to sensitive skin and may cause reaction over time if they are used repeatedly. Many people are also ignorant about the fact that makeup can cause acne(痤疮). The reason behind this is that makeup blocks pores(毛孔) and cause more acne on the skin.

    Instead of treating acne, females try to hide them with makeup which increases blemishes(瑕疵). They do not allow their acne to heal properly and hide it with makeup, eventually resulting in more acne and blemishes. This cycle continues and never ends until women realize that the makeup is damaging their skin and not fixing their acne. Women need to understand the root cause behind blemishes and avoid covering them up with harmful toxins.

    Many women feel that by wearing makeup they will win great popularity. But this is not the case in reality, as its opposite is quite acceptable that females cherish their natural beauty, not just makeup. Although females feel more confident wearing makeup, it does not mean that they can turn a blind eye to their flaws.

    Most cosmetics, which people put on their face to make themselves more attractive, are full of chemicals that cause serious damage to the largest organ of the human body-skin. Usually these cosmetics are made up of chemicals like carcinogens, and parabens that have the potential to damage your skin to a great extent.

    Not only do cosmetics harm our skin and cause acne, but they cost a lot of money. On average, a woman spends around $300 on makeup each year. Even if she finds it at low prices, there is the possibility that its quality is compromised. Therefore, it is much easier to let your skin breathe properly without blocking its pores.

    Title

    Stop Wearing Makeup

    Common (71)________

    Wearing makeup will make them look (72)________.

    Truth

    A woman with inner and natural beauty looks beautiful and makeup is greatly (73)________ to her skin.

    (74)________ for avoiding using makeup

    Makeup causes allergy or acne.

    * If one uses makeup for a long time, an allergic (75)________ may happen.

    * Makeup can block pores and cause people to develop acne.

    Makeup increases blemishes.

    The improper practice of treating acne by (76)_______ it with makeup can only contribute to more acne and blemishes.

    Women wearing no makeup can also stay (77)________ with others.

    Females do (78)________ their natural beauty.

    Makeup contains harmful chemicals.

    Harmful chemicals in cosmetics may do serious damage to people’s skin.

    Makeup costs too much.

    * On average, a woman’s (79)________ cost of makeup is about 300.

    * Cheap makeup always has poor (80)________.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2016-11-17
    来源: 江苏省泰兴中学2015-2016学年高一3月阶段性检测英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Definitions of literature have varied over time. In fact, it is a “culturally relative definition”. Once in Western Europe, literature indicated all books and writing. During the Romantic period, it began to refer to “imaginative” literature. Nowadays literature is seen as a term used to describe written or spoken material, including all of the following.

        Poetry uses rhythmic qualities of language to bring out meanings in addition to, or in place of, unimaginative surface meaning. Poetry has traditionally been distinguished from prose by its being set inverse(颠倒)prose is cast in sentence, poetry in lines.

    Novel is typically written in a narrative (叙事) style and presented as a book. Novels tell stories, in which the characters and events are usually imaginary. The novel has been a part of human culture for over a thousand years, although its origins are somewhat debated. Regardless of how it began, the novel has remained one of the most popular and treasured examples of human culture and writing. It remains an essential part of the literary cultures of nearly all societies around the world.

    Novella is classified as “Too short to be a noveltoo long to be a short story”. There is no precise definition in terms of word or page count. Literary prizes and publishing houses often have their own arbitrary limits, which vary according to their particular intentions.

    A short story is different from novels or novellas in that the plot is usually tied to one single chain of events. Because the reader must identify with a character quickly to become engaged, the tale is often told from the chief character’s point of view.

    A drama refers to a play for the theatretelevision or radio. It generally consists of chiefly dialogue between characters. It also uses dance to convey their message. Dramas usually aim at dramatic performance rather than at reading. In theater, a drama is presented by actors to an audience.

    Good literary works depend on literary techniques. A literary technique can be used by authors in order to improve the written framework of a piece of literature, and produce specific effects.

    Literary techniques include a wide range of approaches to crafting a work. The ability to let readers know what might happen in the future in an indirect way is possible through the technique foreshadowing. The practice of representing objects and qualities as human beings in literature is personification. Symbolism is the use of symbols to represent ideas.

    Literature

    Definitions of literature

    Definitions of literature have kept (71) __________all the time.

    They are connected with (72) __________

    Among them are “books and writing”, “ ‘imaginative’ literature” and “written or spoken material”.

    (73)          of literature

    Poetry, with rhyme, uses unusual word order in lines, which may be a barrier to see what it (74) _________

    A novel takes the form of a book, talking about what is (75) __________up by the writer.

    The novella, as for length, exists (76) __________the novel and short story.

    A short story tells a comparatively (77) __________story compared with novels and novellas.

    Dramas are performed rather than read, with the ideas expressed either orally or (78) __________.

    Literary techniques

    Give a warning or sign of a (79) __________event by using the technique called foreshadowing.

    When personification is used, something without (80) __________is treated as if it were a human being.

    Symbolism is the practice of representing things by means of symbols.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2016-11-16
    来源: 江苏省泰兴中学2015-2016学年高二下学期期中考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    A young person is said to have a behavior disorder when his or her behavior is noticeably different from that expected in the school or community. This can also be stated in simpler terms as a child who is not doing what adults want him to do at a particular time. Children with this disorder often seem to be behaving in different and socially unacceptable ways.

    Like learning disabilities, behavior disorders are hard to diagnose. There are no physical symptoms in the body that are observable or measurable. Behavior disorders are therefore identified by observing behavior patterns in the child over a period of time. If a child displays some of the following behaviors, he may be labeled with a behavior disorder:

    Aggression and cruelty to people and animals.

    Destruction of property — defacing or damaging things.

    Little sympathy and concern for others.

    Takes no responsibility for behavior. Also lies, cheats and steals easily.

    Disregards rules and regulations.

    In addition to these general symptoms of a behavior disorder, there are other symptoms characteristic of more specific behavior disorders such as ADHD — this is the inattentive, can’t-sit-still behavior. The attention can’t last long and the behavior is impulsive at times. The child also seems quite distracted and forgetful.

    Behavior disorders come from brain injury, child abuse, and shock, etc. There have also been indications that it could be a genetic disorder. The behavior therefore is an involuntary response to these experiences and the child should not be blamed for his behavior. Since the child has problems controlling his behavior, it stands to reason that his performance in school will be affected. A child with a behavior disorder will feel bad about himself and that low self-esteem will be further worsened by the adults around him who do not treat his condition with understanding and willingness to help.

    Behavior disorders are best dealt with by behavior and psychological treatments. But, as with learning disabilities, accurate diagnosis is important and this must be over a length of time. It is also important in trying to modify the behavior to be clear about what is the behavior you are expecting. Make sure it is a rational expectation. For example, expecting a three-year-old to sit quietly through a long church service may not be reasonable, or

    demanding that a six-year-old should do extra home work after a long day of school and extra curricular activities may be stretching the child’s concentration and attention too far. Since some behavior disorders result from shocking and upsetting life experiences or brain injury, treatments should include helping the child to resolve and heal emotionally from the experience. The behavior could be corrected through emotional healing. In other words, when a human being is emotionally healthy, that is, can be aware of his intelligence and enthusiasm for life and his loving connectedness to other human beings, he automatically “behaves” rationally.

    Passage outline

    Supporting 71.__________

    Definition of a behavior

     disorder

    A person may be considered to have a behaviour disorder when he behaves apparently 72. __________ from others.

    Symptoms of a behavior

    disorder

    ●Being 73. __________ and showing no mercy to animals and other people

    ●Tending to do damage to things around him

    ●Having little sympathy or concern for others

    ●Failing to 74. __________ for what he has done and not being honest

    ●Lacking the awareness of 75. __________ rules and regulations

    ●Having difficulty concentrating on something for long

    Factors 76. __________ in behaviour disorders

    ●Some outside forces may lead to a behaviour disorder.

    ●A genetic disorder giving 77. __________ to a behaviour disorder has also been found.

    Ways to deal with behaviour disorders

    ●Behaviour treatment: diagnosing such a disorder 78. __________and modifying the disordered behaviour in a rational way.

    ●Psychological treatment: attaching importance to improving the patient’s emotional 79. __________ , thus, developing a proper self-esteem.

    Conclusion

    A behaviour disorder isn’t nearly 80. __________ to diagnose from physical symptoms, but it can be dealt with in behaviour and psychological ways.

    Title: Behaviour Disorders

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2016-11-16
    来源: 江苏省泰兴中学2015-2016学年高二上学期期中考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    You want to pass on to him/her as the foundation for your rules. Select the most important matters to make rules about.

    If you want your kids to stick to the rules, make them participate in setting them up. As soon as children begin to understand things around them, make them take part in the discussion about setting up rules. If you’ve allotted (分配) an hour every day for watching television, explain to the child why you think it’s a proper duration. Tell them what they’d have to do for the rest of the time. Allotting time for homework, playing with friends, etc., must be done with the child’s participation. You can also explain the need to have a particular rule and the consequences of disobeying the rule during this discussion. The rules will then become more effective.

    Once the list of rules is ready, make an artwork out of it and ensure that the kids get to see it easily while going about the house. You can hang it up behind the door to their room. Revise the rules whenever there is need, not very frequently though. After a few months, when you see that the kids are taking to a certain rule quite easily and without supervision, you may praise them for it and get rid of that rule from the list. You just need to emphasize that while you’re proud that the rule needs no reminding, it’s still an unwritten rule. These actions will enable the kids to place you in their circle of trust.

    Enforcement (执行) of rules is possible only if there are clear consequences for disobeying them. Ensure that your kids understand that the consequence is the price they have to pay for breaking the rules and it’s not a punishment. Not following the rule will result in a minor or major inconvenience, so make sure you explain the consequences clearly in advance and start with warnings before strictly enforcing the rules. Ensure that none of your consequences for disobeying the rules border (近似于) on abusive parenting. For example, take off the rule that says — “if you don’t get home by 11 at night, make arrangements to stay elsewhere until morning”. Let helping with minor household chores or cleaning up their own room, etc., serve as consequences for disobeying rules.

    With these tips on how to make house rules, hope you can direct your child to become a responsible and independent human being.

    Tips for building house rules

    Paragraph outlines

    Supporting details

    Keep the house rules

    (71)       and few.

    ●(72)       the rules on your child’s maturity level and the target values.

    ●Make rules about the most important matters.

    (73)       kids in

    setting up the rules.

    ●(74)       with children when making rules.

    ●Give children a clear (75)       of the reasons for the rules and the consequences of disobeying the rules.

    Show the rules in the

    (76)       

    of an artwork.

    ●Put up the list of rules where it can be (77)       easily.

    ●Make the rules revised when (78)       but not very frequently.

    ●(79)       the rules that the children can follow easily from the list.

    Make kids understand

    the consequences for

    disobeying them.

    ●Make your kids have a proper (80)       of the consequence--it’s not a punishment but a kind of price.

    ●Warn the kids of the consequences in advance.

    ●Don’t make abusing kids act as the consequences for disobeying the rules.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2016-11-16
    来源: 江苏省泰兴中学2015-2016学年高二上学期期末适应性考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    As the Internet and computer use become more common, the need for security is more important than ever. According to the latest statistical analysis, it is estimated there are over 1.1 billion Internet users worldwide. The Internet provides diverse and useful resources such as Email, instant messaging, academic research, product research, paying bills, shopping, online banking, and the list goes on and on. For many of its 1.1 billion users the Internet is not just a tool but a way of life. But most users fail to take the time to research the risks involved. One of the greatest in the online world is computer hacking.

    Computer hacking is the unauthorized access to a computer or network of computers. Hackers, those people who illegally enter systems, may alter or delete information, steal private information, or spread viruses that can damage or destroy files. But how exactly can a hacker get into a system to do these things?

    Most hackers use information called protocols (协议) that are built into computer software. These protocols allow computers to interact with one another. Protocols are sort of like computer police officers(合法的). When a computer connects to another system, the protocols check to see if the access is valid. The protocols can also determine how much information can be shared between the two systems. Hackers can manipulate (操纵) the protocols to get unlimited access to a computer system. In fact, just the act of entering a computer network is considered hacking. This is commonly called passive hacking. Passive hackers get a rush from just being able to invade a challenging system like a bank or military network. Hackers that do damage to a system by releasing viruses or altering, deleting, or taking information are known as active hackers. They are, by far, the more dangerous of the two.

    The easiest way to protect a system is with a good password. Long and unusual passwords, instead of your date of birth or telephone number, are harder for hackers to guess. For even greater security, some online services now use “password-plus” systems. In this case, users first put in a password and then put in a second code that changes after the user accesses the site. Users have special cards or devices that show them the new code to use the next time. So if a hacker steals the password, they won’t have the code. Or if the hacker somehow gets the code, they still don’t know the password.

    (66) ______ in the Online World

    Who threats the online world?

    What do they do?

    How can people protect their computers and network?

    Hackers gain illegal (67) ______ to a computer or network. By manipulating the Internet protocols, they can enter a computer network (68) ______.

    They may (69) ________ change or damage the data and files stored in a computer, or   plant (70) _____ in it.

    Passive hackers only take pleasure in being able to enter a challenging system, while active ones (71) ______ into a network with ill (72) _________.

    Using powerful password is an efficient way to strengthen the (73) ______ of a system.

    The harder a password is to guess, the (74) ______ a system can be. So remember not to use short or (75) ______ passwords like your date of birth or your telephone number.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2016-11-15
    来源: 江苏省泰兴中学2015-2016学年高二上学期分班考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Often the importance of having dinner with the whole family at the dinner table is strengthened. We are told that “a family that eats together stays together”; we even follow it by making the whole family sit in front of the television while eating. Is it right? Wrong. Television does nothing to help make family relationships better. In fact, it only widens the gap between the members of the family, especially parents and children. It’s thus better to sit at the dinner table. Family dinners should include another important part―conversations that create a pleasant atmosphere. However, It’s often difficult to start a conversation at a family dinner. Moreover, many people make the mistake of raising controversial (有争议的) topics at dinnertime, causing one or more members, or the whole family, to lose their appetite. So it is important to keep in mind some family dinner conversation ideas.

     It often serves well to start the conversation right before dinner so that setting the table and other housework may become less boring. Doing things together, whether it is talking or laying the table, can make family members feel interested so that there are no embarrassing moments when people are actually eating. You can also change the topic if you feel that it might start arguments and destroy everyone’s appetite.

    Children are usually very good at sharing information and don’t know exactly how to reply when you ask them questions like “How was school today?” So make sure you know more about them than just the fact that they go to school―like which book they are reading or movie they watched recently, or ask them about the after-class activities that they might be taking part in.

    Family dinners should be positive and conversations during dinnertime should encourage family members to eat well. All controversial topics should be avoided at dinnertime. There are plenty of other times when such topics can be discussed, but dinnertime isn’t the right time. Actually, if you have any funny stories that happened in your daily life, that’s the time when you can have a good laugh over them with others. It is also a good idea to look back on your childhood memories with your family members. They, especially your children, will feel excited about the crazy, sometimes stupid things that you did as children. In short, it is always necessary to choose the right topics for family dinner conversation.

    Family Dinner Conversations

    Paragraph outline

    Supporting details

    (71)      about the family dinner

    Watching TV while eating together makes the gap between the family members (72)     .
    Talking about something controversial while eating together results in   (73)      of appetite.

    Ideas about family dinner conversation

    Start early.

    Begin to talk before dinner to make everyone feel

    (74)       in doing the housework related to the dinner.
    Don’t talk about what may make family members

    (75)       with each other and destroy their appetite.

    Care about children

    You need to have a good (76)      of their activities so that you can talk with your children about what they did or are doing.

    Choose right  (77)     .

    You should make sure that everyone is (78)      to eat well by your positive talking.
    You should not say anything that is controversial.

    You can (79)      information about what happens in your daily life with your family members.

    You can talk about your childhood stories with your family, which may be crazy or even stupid. In a word, there is much (80)      to choose the right topics at meals.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2016-11-15
    来源: 江苏省苏州市2017届高三上学期期初调研英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Empty nest syndrome (空巢综合征) is a feeling of sadness and loneliness parents may feel when their children leave home for the first time, such as to live on their own or to attend a college or university. It is not a clinical condition. However, it can affect the immune (免疫的) system and result in certain psychological barriers, if left untreated.

    All parents are sensitive to empty nest syndrome, although some factors can create a tendency to it. Such factors include an unstable or unsatisfactory marriage, or difficulty accepting change in general. Adults who are also dealing with other stressful life events such as the death of a spouse (配偶) or retirement are also more likely to experience the syndrome.

    Symptoms of empty nest syndrome can include depression, a sense of loss of purpose, worry, stress, and anxiety over the child’s welfare. Many empty nest parents prefer staying indoors, and end up becoming people of few words. Parents who experience empty nest syndrome often question whether or not they have prepared adequately for their child to live independently. Others even have feelings of guilt over lost opportunities to be more involved in their children’s lives before they left home.

    Empty nest parents often face new challenges, such as establishing a new kind of relationship with their children, having to find other ways to occupy their free time, reconnecting with each other, and a lack of sympathy from people who believe that parents should be happy when their children leave home.

    One of the easiest ways for parents to cure empty nest syndrome is to keep in contact with their children. Technological developments such as cell phonestext messaging, and the Internet all allow for increased communication between parents and their children.

    Parents going through empty nest syndrome can ease their stress by pursuing their own hobbies and interests in their increased spare time. Discussing their grief with each other, friends, families, or professionals may help them. Experts have advised that overwhelmed (不知所措的) parents keep a journal, or go back to work if they were full-time parents.

    However, prevention is always better than cure. If one child has moved out and you still have others living at home with you, plan in advance for the day when your nest will be empty of all children. Small changes made over time will mean less of a shock when your last child moves out. You may find, with thought and careful planning, that the occasion of your last child leaving home will offer a little happiness, too, as you can then carry out your plans for an independent life with your spouse.

    Empty Nest Syndrome

      71 

    Empty nest syndrome is a feeling of depression experienced by parents when their children grow up and leave home.

    Causes of empty nest syndrome

    The leaving of children from “the nest” makes parents feel a sense of loss.

    Parents who   72   to make adjustments to sudden life changes may suffer from empty nest syndrome.

      73   influences

    Besides the harm done to the immune system, empty nest syndrome can affect

    a person   74  .

    Empty nest parents are   75   to go out to communicate with others.

    Parents regret not having done much to prepare their children with their

        76   life.

      77   for empty nest syndrome

    Parents can depend on high technology to increase   78   with their children.

    Parents can   79   themselves with something interesting to pass time.

    Parents should plan in advance to   80   themselves better to the situation.

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    来源: 江苏省射阳县高级中学2017届高三9月期初调研考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Chronic disorganization (慢性失序症)occurs when one is habitually disorganized over a long period, which means the person is constantly unsystematic in how he conducts life and business. One suffering from this problem may find relief in the fact that it isn’t actually a disease or even an “ official” disorder. It’s the continued lack of organization in one’s life.

    Someone may become addicted to collecting a certain thing yet never organize the collection as it grows out of control. This can especially be a problem for those with a lot of time and money at hand, yet the problem can be serious for any type of person in a wide variety of situation.

    One’s personal attitude can often be a big part of why the chronic disorganization exists. Once the attitude of acceptance about being a “slob” is in someone’s head, it’s hard to remove. If someone tells himself that he is a slob, he will likely live up to that self-image created by him or by those around him.

    One first receives true awareness of the disorder of chronic disorganization when it starts to negatively affect relationships with friends and family members. Everybody becomes affected by this situation, especially those sharing living places with the one involved.

    The National Study Group for Chronic Disorganization (HSGCD) recommends that one get help through a professional organizer. The study found that all of the subjects in the study had problems with making decisions. There were varied reasons given for this problem of decision-making. Among them were fears and prioritizing issues. Research is ongoing for the link between problems in decision-making and chronic disorganization.

    Chronic disorganization often begins with situational disorganization, something most people experience at some point. Someone who has lost someone significant to him may start to be troubled by disorganization after a divorce. Someone who experienced changes in life and in his career may intend to let things like organization and order fall by the wayside. However, one doesn’t instantly have chronic disorganization.

    “ If you’re going through hell, keep going.” That’s an old saying that’s true about one’s struggles with chronic disorganization. Every person has the power to change within himself. It’s a matter of staying organized, one day at a time. Those who have left chronic disorganization in the past have often done so by promising to stay organized simply for that single day.

    71_____▲_____

    It means that the person has a(n) 72____▲_____ of being disorganized in life and business over a long period.

    Recognizing the   problem

    One example is that an addict 73___▲____ to organize the collection.

    The 74_____▲______ of chronic disorganization is partly affected

      by one’s personal attitude.

    One doesn’t realize the disorder of chronic disorganization until it has  75_____▲______ effects on the relationships with

     friends and family members.

    The 76 ___▲___ of the study

    All subjects in the study suffer from the problem of poor decision-making, which is 77 _____▲_____ with chronic disorganization.

    Warning78__▲__

    Losing someone significant, 79 _____▲_____ a divorce or changes in one’s life and career.

    Good news

    When in struggle with chronic disorganization, every person has the 80_____ ▲______ to change, at least one single day at a time.

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