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  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-03-27
    来源: 广东省天河中学2016-2017学年高一下学期英语2月月考试题及答案 Word版含答案.doc

    It is interesting to know what people of different nations like to be best.

    In France, when a woman enters a café or restaurant, she is freely discussed, not only about her appearance but about her past and future as well. She invites looks in the street whether she is beautiful or plain. There is no better way for a woman to get back her self-confidence than a walk in the streets of Paris or Marseilles, and woman really like that.

    In Italy, people love talking. They sit about in cafes, exchanging news and discussing politics. They do not hesitate to ask questions about the family, income and private life of anybody who happens to be there.

    The Swiss eat as a pastime. Ladies walk into a teashop, eat a couple of ice creams and a large piece of chocolate cake, and then leave, complaining about their weight.

    For the Americans, the greatest fondness is said to be the push of buttons. You push a button in the lift, you push a button for cigarette, chewing gums, stamps, even for a life insurance. You can even push a button to get married and another button to get divorced.

    In England, waiting in a line is national passion. The English will form a line whether they have the opportunity or not. Long queues can be seen, for example, at stations when the train is practically empty and everybody can have a seat.

    In different (76)____

    What people like to do best

    In France

    People love to discuss how a woman (77)______, what she did in the past and what she will be in the future.

    Women like to (78)_____ in the street to get back confidence.

    In Italy

    People sit in café, (79)_____ with each other, and sometimes they even ask about some (80)_____ information.

    In Swiss

    Ladies eat a lot of fatty (81)______ but they often (82)_____ having done so.

    In the (83)___

    It seems that you can do almost everything (84)____ pushing buttons.

    In England

    The whole nation love to (85)______in a line almost anywhere and anytime.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-03-04
    来源: 江苏省张家港市崇真中学2016-2017学年高二上学期国庆自主检测英语试题 Word版缺答案.doc

    Bike share programs range from small, community-based programs that offer bikes for free use to larger, technology-based services that involve public and private partnerships. Whichever form, they share common goals: fewer traffic jams in large cities, more lasting means of transportation, improved safety of communities and better health for riders.

    While many Europeans have relied on biking as a form of transportation for many years, bikes share programs were introduced in large cities of the U.S. to encourage non-bike riders to join along and make it convenient for people to get around town without having to worry about locking up their bike or maintaining it.

    This original programs that offered free bikes were ruined by theft and vandalism(故意破坏), but newer technology has helped decrease crime. Most large programs have electronic cards, computer or telecommunication tracking, and a system that stores credit card information. Bikes are usually clearly designed or colored so they are immediately recognized and some have parts that won’t work on other bikes. With membership fees at usually around forty dollars every year, they are significantly cheaper than driving and public transportation.

    In the United States, community bike programs have been around for years. Portland’s Yellow Bike Project started in 1994. SmartBike DC, which started in 2008, and over one hundred bikes spread around Washington, D.C. New York City has an experimental bike share program in the summer; Portland, Minneapolis, Arlington, San Francisco, Boston, and Chicago are all intending to start small bike share programs.

    Colleges have also been interested in community bikes. At the University of New England, for instance, students are given a $260 bicycle, for free, in exchange for leaving their car at home with their parents. However, many have had to stop programs due to unreturned bikes and vandalism

    Starting bike share programs isn’t easy. Even the large programs in Europe still face theft and vandalism, and ridership drops during the winter and maintenance fees can add up. One disadvantage in the U.S. is that many communities aren’t set up for biking; they’re set up for driving. Long travels and a lack of bike lanes can’t necessarily be solved with easy-to-access bikes. Yet for those cities that are relatively flat and crowded, bike share programs —and increased bike ridership in general — offer so many benefits you have to wonder if two wheels might be the ride of the future.

    Title: Bike Share Program

    Goals

    ● To 71._____________ traffic jams in large cities

    ● To encourage more lasting means of transportation

    ● To improve safety of communities and riders’ health

    Measures

    ● Most large programs have electronic cards, computer or telecommunication tracking, and a system 72._____________ credit card information.

    ● Bikes are usually clearly designed or colored, so they are easy to

    73. _____________ and some have parts that won’t work on other bikes.

    74. _____________

    ●Portland’s Yellow Bike Project started in 1994

    ● SmartBike DC started in 2008

    ● New York City has an experimental bike share program in the summer

    ● The University of New England gives students a $260 bicycle free of

    75. ______________

    Advantages

    ● It brings 76. _____________ to people getting around town without having to worry about locking up their bike or maintaining it

    ● Biking is not as expensive as driving and public transportation

    77._____________

    ● Bikes are not 78. __________, and they are often destroyed on purpose

    ● Fewer people ride bikes during the winter and maintenance fees can 79.___________.

    ● Many communities are set up for driving 80. ___________ of for biking

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-03-03
    来源: 江苏省泰州市第二中学2015-2016学年高一上学期第二次限时作业英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Day after day you are glued to your computer screen. You cannot get enough of online games, net shopping or cyber surfing. Your social life gets worse, and so does your health. Chances are that you are addicted to the Internet and you need counseling(劝告,建议).

    On November 8, an Internet Addiction Disorder (IAD) diagnostic manual(诊断手册)was approved by a group of psychologists in China, who agreed that Internet addiction is a mental disease. According to a report on Xinhuanet.com, the manual for the first time gives a clear time standard for diagnosing IAD, saying that surfing the Internet for more than six hours a day, not for the purpose of studying or working, and having done so for less than three months, might be a symptom of IAD.

    Addiction symptoms vary

    Besides the long online time, some other symptoms would also help doctors diagnose IAD patients, such as having a strong desire for the Internet and feeling physical discomfort, becoming easily angry, being unable to concentrate on things or finding it difficult to sleep if unable to get online.

    Apart from these conditions, other symptoms are also listed in the manual. If a net surfer cannot get out of the virtual world of Web games, which has already affected his/her capability to study or work, or he/she feels little interest in doing anything but jumping online or is afraid to communicate with others, he/she is also considered to be an IAD sufferer.

    According to the World Health Organization, mental disease sufferers have two major characteristics: they bring suffering to both themselves and their families, and their abilities to be involved in social activities are affected.

    Mental illness stigma污名)

    However, it has resulted in a backlash(反对)from the public, due to the fact that mental disease is a very sensitive term to Chinese.

    Many netizens dropped comments expressing their doubts about the manual, saying that they could not accept they might be suffering from mental illness just because they spent too much time on the Internet.

    Experts said there is a misunderstanding of the manual. Explaining that IAD sufferers are not “crazy people”, they call on society at large to change their understanding of mental disease. Mental disease covers a wide range of psychological or behavioral problems, such as depression.

    New Solutions to Internet Addiction

    Information about IAD

    Problem:

    Internet addiction makes your social life and (81) _____ get worse.

    Standard for diagnosing IAD:

    Internet addiction is a (82) _____ disease when you surf the Internet more than six hours a day for less than three months not to (83) _____ or work.

    (84) _____ addiction symptoms

    They are

    eager to surf the Internet, physically uncomfortable, easy to be angry, unable to concentrate or (85) _____ to sleep.

    unable to get out of the (86) _____ world of Web games, not (87) _____ in doing anything else or afraid to communicate with others.

    (88) _____about mental illness

    Many netizens regard mental disease as a very (89) _____ term.

    Experts think it necessary to (90) _____ mental disease because it covers a wide range.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-03-03
    来源: 江苏省如皋市2017届高三上学期教学质量调研(三)英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Very much at the center of the concept of peer pressure is the expression, everybody’s doing it, It is a strong influence of a group, especially of children ,on members of that group to behave as everybody else does. It can be positive or negative. Most people experience it in some way during their lives.

    People are social creatures by nature, and so it is hardly surprising that part of their self-respect comes from the approval of others. This instinct is why the approval of peers, or the fear of disapproval, is such a powerful force in many peoples lives. It is the same instinct that drives people to dress one way at home and another way at work, or to answerfinewhen a stranger asks how are you?enen if it is not necessarily true. There is a practical aspect to this:it helps society to function efficiently and encourages a general level of self-discipline that simplifies day-to day interaction.

    For certain individuals,seeking social acceptance is so important that it becomes like an addiction;in order to satisfy the desire,they may go so far as to abandon their sense of right and wrong. Teens and young adults may feel forced to use drugs ,or join gangs that encourage criminal behavior. Mature adults may sometimes feel pressured to cover up illegal activity at the company where they work,or end up in dedt because they are unable to hold back the desire to buy a house or car that they cant afford in an effort to keep up with the Joneses.

    However,peer pressure is not always negative, A student whose friends are good at academics may be urged to study harder and get good grades. Players on a sports team may feel driven to play harder in order to help the team win. This type of influence can also get a friend off drugs,or to help an adult take up a good habit or drop a bad one. Study groups and class projects are examples of positive peer groups that encourage people to better themselves.

    Schools try to teach kids about the dangers of negative peer pressure. They teach kids to stand up and be themselves, and encourage them to politely decline to do things that they belive are wrong. Similarly,it can be helpful to encourage children to greet the beneficial influence of positive peer groups.

    Concept of peer pressure

    Peer pressure__71____to the strong feeling that

    You must do things the way other people of your age do.

    It___72___in nearly every one of us,and influences us in one way or another,good or bad

    A practical function of peer pressure to_____73_____

    Being social creatures, people expect the approval

    from their ___74_members.

    People around will affect how one lives__75______

    Peer pressure helps society function effciently

    Influences of peer pressure on individuals

    The desire to be socially____76____is like a drug

    Negative influences include lack of moral sense,criminal offences and___77______

    Positive influences are good grades,team___78_____,and the building-up of good habits.

    To ___79_______the danger of negative peer pressure,kids should learn to be independent when

    Necessary,and say no to anything that is wrong or

    _____80_____

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:3 入库时间:2017-03-03
    来源: 江苏省如东中学、前黄高级中学、栟茶高级中学、马塘中学四校2017届高三12月联考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    How traffic affects our health

       When taking about traffic problems, we also need to take into consideration the pollution that we are exposed to and the health problems traffic causes. Given below is an in-depth exposition on how traffic affects our health and what can do to avoid some of these effects to live a longer and healthier life.

    Aches and Pains

       Driving in a slouched(无精打采的)position puts pressure on your back and neck. Back pain is often due to poor posture which can have a negative effect on your health. Your bad posture also puts stress on the joints of your elbows and knees causing pain and tiredness to these areas of your body.

       When you are driving in traffic, you are constantly shifting between the accelerator and brake(in automatic transmission cars), and clutch, brake, and accelerator(in manual transmission cars). This constant shifting puts pressure and stress on your knees, causing knee-related problems and aches.

    What can you do?

       You can counteract these ill effects and posture problems by sitting upright and having a support for your lower back and neck. Adjust the position of your seat in such a way that you can drive at ease without any discomfort. The backrest of the seat should be straight up, and not pulled down too much.

    Respiratory(呼吸的)Problems

    Exposure to heavy traffic implies exposure to poisonous gases that are emitted by vehicles. It is believed that the transportation sector in the US is responsible for a quarter of the country’s greenhouse gas emissions.

    Our lungs are like sponges, soaking in everything that is breathed in by our respiratory system. The smoke coming out of the tailpipes of vehicles presents a serious threat to human health. prolonged exposure to traffic emissions can cause various respiratory diseases including lung cancer.

    What can you do?

    There are ways to avoid breathing in polluted air. If you can, avoid driving in parts of your town with heavy traffic congestion. However, if you find yourself driving through such areas, roll up your car windows to minimize exposure to harmful gases. If you plan to go out for a walk or run, do it in a place where you get loads of fresh air. Eat foods that are rich in antioxidants(抗氧化剂), and exercise regularly so that your immune system is strong enough to fight off potential threats to your health.

    Travel and traffic are two things that are absolutely unavoidable, and that is why we should try to be as comfortable as possible, to be stress-free and illness-free!

    How traffic affects our health

    Passage outline

    Supporting details

    Lead-in

    When it(71)______to traffic problems, we should pay enough attention to the pollution we are exposed to and the health problems that traffic causes

    Aches and Pains

    Problems

    (72)_______a poor position when you are driving can affect your health badly in several ways such as back, neck, even the joints of your elbows and knees.

    Shifting posture constantly in the (73)________of driving will put pressure and stress on your knees, causing aches and pains.

    Solutions

    You can sit upright and have a support for your lower back and neck.

    You can make(74)__________to the position of your seat.

    You can (75)_________the backrest of your seat and avoid pulling it down too much.

    Respiratory Problems

    Problems

    It is believed that the transportation sector is to(76)_______for a quarter of greenhouse gas emissions in the US.

    Our lungs breath in harmful elements in the smoke from vehicles, damaging our health seriously.

    Long exposure to dangerous pollutants from vehicles can cause various lung-related disease, lung cancer (77)_________.

    Solutions

    You should try to drive through the areas(78)_________from heavy traffic congestion.

    You must wind up your car windows to keep exposure to harmful pollutants to the (79)____________.

    You should choose a place where you get loads of fresh air to take a walk or have a run.

    You must attach(80)________to your diet and regular exercise to fight off potential threats to your health.

    Conclusion

    We should try to be stress-free and illness-free while driving or traveling.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-03-02
    来源: 江苏省清江中学2016-2017学年高一上学期周练(11.19)英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

        When difficult people express themselves orally, they generally want at least two things;they've been heard and they've been understand. As a good communicator should be a good listener, five steps are advocated toward good listening. 
        The first step is cooperating (
    合作). How does a difficult person know that you're listening and understanding? In fact, it's through the way you look and sound while he is talking. You may help him to fully express his thoughts and feelings. You do this by nodding your head in agreement, making certain sounds of understanding. 
        When the person begins to repeat what's been said, it's signal of Step Two: turning back. It means that you repeat back some words he is using, sending a clear signal that you're listening carefully and that you think what he is saying is important. 
        Having heard what he has to say, the next step is clarifying. At this point, you start to gather information about what is being communicated. Ask some open-ended questions, which will allow you to figure out his intention.
        The fourth step is to summarize what you've heard. This allows you to make sure that both you and the difficult person are on the same page. When you do this, two things happen. First, if you've missed something. he can fill in the details, Second, you’ve shown that you're making an effort to understand completely. This increases the possibility of gaining cooperation from him. 
        Having listened carefully, you've now arrived at the point of confirming that he feels satisfied that his thoughts have been fully voiced. Ask if he feels understood. 
        When enough sincere listening, questioning, and remembering are brought together, understanding is usually achieved and a difficult person becomes less difficult and more cooperative.

    Topic

    1      to understand

    Reason

    Difficult people hope they have been heard and (2)       when they express themselves.

    3    on listening

    ◆(4)______ in agreement and make some sounds of understanding 
    while a difficult person is speaking. 
    ◆Repeat some (5)______ that you have heard. 
    ◆Collect information about the person's expressions and find his (6)______. 
    ◆Give a (7)______ of what the person has said. 
    ◆Confirm that the person gains (8)______with you because you speaking his thoughts.

    Result

    A difficult person will be (9)______ to cooperate with if understanding is achieved.

    Comment

    You may unlock the doors to difficult people's (10)        after you listen and understand

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-03-01
    来源: 江苏省清江中学2016-2017学年高一上学期周考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Passion has somehow become a funny thing.  At first it's commonly defined as a love you have for something; something you may do during your free time. But today, passion goes beyond that. With people living the seemingly perfect life, passion has become the gateway to freedom, the ability to design and create the lifestyle you wanted. It is the fire that burns inside of you. It makes everything in life feel right and meaningful and it gives you a sense of identity.

    But people today have some misunderstandings of what passion is.

    You have to be extremely good at it. How often is it today that you hear of this or that inspiring guy who created a business out of passion or does what he loves every day? It's easy to think that that person is really good at what he does.  Absolutely right? Not really.  Passion isn't a competition where you keep getting better and then show off to people how great you are. Passion is a feeling. Like love, when it comes to you, you enjoy it and let it flow. It is this feeling that is all you need.

    It has to be acceptable in the eyes of others. Some people think that passion needs to be acceptable, and it must meet the expectations of others or you may come across as crazy. It also has to be acceptable for the possible future of making a living out of it. Again, no. Passion can be anything you want. As long as you attain that special feeling which makes everything alright in life, it's absolutely okay. Nothing else matters then.

    It will make you money. Inspiring as it is to hear of people making a full­time income from what they love, the truth is, it's not guaranteed that passion can make money for you. Do you think people would want to pay you if your passion is say,  sitting in front of the TV eating chips? Doubtful. There is a veritable(不折不扣的) gap which your passion needs to cross to enter the world where rules of life and society apply. And this gap requires a lot of effort and creative thinking to cross.

    Passion is simply you.  It's your choice to start finding one and holding on to it. It can and will give you that special feeling and raise you to greatness.With a little effort, you can easily find one.And it's something you'll never forget in life.

    Title

    Passion     

    Definitions

    Before

    •A love you have for something; something you do when you are (71)________

    Today

    •The gateway to freedom, the ability to pursue your wanted lifestyle.

    •The gateway to freedom, the ability to pursue your wanted lifestyle.

    •The fire (72)________ inside of you that makes everything feel right and meaningful.

    Three (73) ________

    •You must be extremely good at it.

    Passion is a feeling rather than a (74)________ in which to keep getting better and show off your greatness.

    •Others must (75)________ your passion.

    Passion can be anything you want (76)________ you feel it makes everything alright in life.

    •It will make you money.

    Passion is not (77)________ to make money for you and you need to make great efforts and think (78)________ to cross the gap.

    (79)________

    With some effort, it is (80)________ for you to find a passion, which is likely to make you feel special and great.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-03-01
    来源: 江苏省清江中学2016-2017学年高一上学期周测(12.17)英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

      Day after day you are glued to your computer screen. You cannot get enough of online games, net shopping or cyber surfing. Your social life gets worse, and so does your health. Chances are that you are addicted to(沉迷于) the Internet and you need counseling(劝告,建议).

           On November 8, an Internet Addiction Disorder (IAD) diagnostic manual(诊断手册)was approved by a group of psychologists in China, who agreed that Internet addiction is a mental disease. According to a report on Xinhuanet.com, the manual for the first time gives a clear time standard for diagnosing IAD, saying that surfing the Internet for more than six hours a day, not for the purpose of studying or working, and having done so for less than three months, might be a symptom of IAD.

           Addiction symptoms (上瘾症状)differ

           Besides the long online time, some other symptoms would also help doctors diagnose IAD patients, such as having a strong desire for the Internet and feeling physical discomfort, becoming easily angry, being unable to concentrate on things or finding it difficult to sleep if unable to get online.

           Apart from these conditions, other symptoms are also listed in the manual. If a net surfer cannot get out of the virtual (虚拟的)world of Web games, which has already affected his/her capability to study or work, or he/she feels little interest in doing anything but jumping online or is afraid to communicate with others, he/she is also considered to be an IAD sufferer.

           According to the World Health Organization, mental disease sufferers have two major characteristics: they bring suffering to both themselves and their families, and their abilities to be involved in social activities are affected.

           Mental illness stigma(污名)

        However, it has resulted in a backlash(反对)from the public, due to the fact that mental disease is a very sensitive term to Chinese.

         Many netizens dropped comments expressing their doubts about the manual, saying that they could not accept they might be suffering from mental illness just because they spent too much time on the Internet.

         Experts said there is a misunderstanding of the manual. Explaining that IAD sufferers are not “crazy people”, they call on society at large to change their understanding of mental disease. Mental disease covers a wide range of psychological or behavioral problems, such as depression.

    New Solutions to Internet Addiction

    Information about IAD

    ▲Problem:

    Internet addiction makes your social life and (1) _____ get worse.

    ▲Standard for diagnosing IAD:

    Internet addiction is a (2) _____ disease when you surf the Internet more than six hours a day for less than three months not to (3) _____ or work.

    (4)____addiction symptoms

    They are

    ▲eager to surf the Internet, physically uncomfortable, easy to be angry, unable to concentrate or (5) _____ to sleep.

    ▲unable to get out of the (6) _____ world of Web games, not (7) _____ in doing anything else or afraid to communicate with others.

    (8)___on mental illness

    ▲Many netizens regard mental disease as a very (9) _____ term.

    ▲Experts think it necessary to (10) _____ mental disease because it covers a wide range.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-03-01
    来源: 江苏省清江中学2016-2017学年高一12月月考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

        It's never too late to right your wrongs,big or small.

    Working as hard as I had been over the years, I had become disconnected from(失去联系的)the people who mattered most to me. I decided to spend a year reconnecting with my friends and relatives and making amends(补偿). I devoted myself to caring for what I called “my unfinished business”, which has helped me become a more attentive husband, father, son and friend —and a happier, more energetic person.
        Now that I’ve had a good opportunity to revisit my past mistakes—and experience the rewards of fixing them—I’d like to share some of the lessons I have learned:
        Have you lost touch with people who were important to you? Are there things you’ve done or not done that are in front of you? Are there people in your life you don’t know how much they meant to you? List your unfinished business and take action to deal with it.
        Instead of trying to put an end to the cold war dividing your family, begin with a small thing you can control. Apologize to your brother for not attending his Super Bowl party. Respond to an e-mail you should have answered a week ago. Write a note or make a call.
        No matter what the wrong is, the most important thing in making it right is your sincerity. If you reach out with a genuine (
    真诚的)heart, your friends will be glad to hear from you again.
        This is the key to learning and growing. Keep a journal, or summarize what you’ve learned in e-mails to friends. The difficulty we face in dealing with our unfinished business can seem impossibly big, but the first step to clearing them can be simple: Again, write a note or make a phone call .Once you discover your fears and get over them, you’ll become a more complete and pleased person.

    Topic: (81) ______too late to right your wrongs

    Introduction

    Have you been disconnected from the people who mattered most to you just because of your hard82__________?
    Here are some of the 3(83)__________ I have learned.

     
    84__________

    Think back to your life

    Make a list of the things you need to do in order to 85__________with friends and relatives.
    The time has come for
    86__________if you want to deal with the unfinished business.

    Start small

    Begin with small things so that you can keep them in 87__________.

    Be sincere

    Sincerity is the 88__________ to improving the relationship. To get in 89__________ with your friends again, you should reach out with your true heart.

    Reflect on(反思) your experience

    To clear the problems, the first step is simply 90__________ a note or making a phone call.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-03-01
    来源: 江苏省南通中学2016-2017学年高二12月月考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

        Some students get so nervous before a test, they do poorly even if they know the material. Sian Beilock has studied these highly anxious test-takers.

       Sian Beilock: “They start worrying about the consequences. They might even start worrying about whether this exam is going to prevent them from getting into the college they want. And when we worry, it actually uses up attention and memory resources. I talk about it as your cognitive horsepower that you could otherwise be using to focus on the exam.”

       Professor Beilock and another researcher, Gerardo Ramirez, have developed a possible solution. Just before an exam, highly anxious test-takers spend ten minutes writing about their worries about the test.

       Sain Beilock: “What we think happens is when students put it down on paper, they think about the worst that could happen and they reappraise the situation. They might realize it’s not as bad as they might think it was before and, in truth, it prevents these thoughts from appearing suddenly when they’re actually taking a test.”

    The researchers tested the idea on a group of twenty anxious college students. They gave them two short math tests. After the first one, they asked the students to either sit quietly or write about their feelings about the upcoming second test.

    The researchers added to the pressure. They told the students that those who did well on the second test would get money. They also told them that their performance would affect other students as part of a team effort.

    Professor Beilock says those who sat quietly scored an average of twelve percent worse on the second test. But the students who had written about their fears improved their performance by an average of five percent.

    Next, the researchers used younger students in a biology class. They told them before final exams either to write about their feelings or to think about things unrelated to the test.

    Professor Beilock says highly anxious students who did the writing got an average grade of B+, compared to a B- for those who did not.

    Sain Beilock: “What we showed is that for students who are highly test-anxious, who’d done our writing intervention, all of a sudden there was no relationship between test anxiety and performance. Those students most prone to worry were performing just as well as their classmates who don’t normally get nervous in these testing situations.”

    But what if students do not have a chance to write about their fears immediately before an exam or presentation? Professor Beilock says students can try it themselves at home or in the library and still improve their performance.

    Title: Overcoming test 71.______________

    Problem

    Some students get nervous before a test, so they can’t do 72. __________ even if they know the material.

    Reason

    73.__________ about the consequences 74.__________ them their attention and memory resources.

    Solution

    Write down their worries to 75.________ the negative thoughts appearing suddenly.

    Results of the researches

    College students: 76. _______ with those sitting quietly, students writing about their fears improved their performance.

    Younger students: highly anxious students who did the writing instead of  77.________ things unrelated to the test got 78. _______ grades.

    79.___________ ways to solve the problem

    If students have no 80.__________ to write about their fears immediately  they can try it themselves at home or in the library.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-02-26
    来源: 湖南省长沙市第一中学2016-2017学年高二上学期模块检测3英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

        Laughter is a key component of a happy life, and it has powerful physical and mental benefits. No matter what you’re facing, you can learn to laugh and benefit from it.

    One of the many benefits of laughter and a sense of humor is that they protect you against the negatives of life. Researches show that people who use humor to fight stress feel less lonely and more positive about themselves.

    Although we cant say that a certain number of laughs every day will keep the doctor away, studies show that people who laugh a lot tend to be in good health. And laughter is one of the most commonly used therapies (疗法) among cancer patients.

    Laughter could be healthy for your heart, too. Some research shows that when you laugh, there is an increase in oxygen-rich blood flow in your body, possibly due to the release of endorphins (内啡肽), which create a chemical rush that fights negative feelings and stress. Activities that increase endorphins include a good workout and listening to music you love.

    Love the benefits of laughter but dont feel like laughing? Sometimes you have to make an effort to laugh. If youre facing tough times, it may help to learn techniques to bring the benefits of laughter into your life. You can try the old recommendations:

    Read a funny book, or watch a movie that is funny.

    Spend time with an amusing friend.

    Look on the light side: Go to places that help you remember good times that have made you laugh in the past.

    Or you can join the laughter movement to learn about the benefits of laughter while fighting stress.

    Title: The benefits of 71 .______

    Benefits

    Mental benefits

       * 72.______ you against the negatives of your life

       * Making you feel less lonely and more 73. ______ about yourself

    74.______benefits

       * Helping to lead a healthy life

       * Being commonly used to treat 75. ______

       * 76. ______ the oxygen-rich blood flow in your body

    Recommendations to bring laughter 77.______

    * Read a funny book, or watch 78._______.

    * Spend time with 79.______.

    * Look on the 80. ______ go to places that have made you laugh

    * Join the laughter movement while fighting stress

    Conclusion.

    Laughter is a key component of a happy life, and it has powerful benefits.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2017-02-21
    来源: 广西钦州市钦州港区2017届高三12月月考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    In a study just published in the journal Intelligence, using search terms such as “stupid thing to do”, Balazs Aczel and his colleagues compiled a collection of stories describing stupid mistakes from sources such as The Huffington Post and TMZ. The researchers then had a sample of university students rate each story on the responsibility of the people involved, the influence of the situation, the seriousness of the consequences, and other factors.

    Analyses of the subjects’ ratings revealed three varieties of stupid mistakes. The first is when a person’s confidence goes beyond their skill, as when a Pittsburgh man robbed two banks in broad daylight without wearing a disguise, believing that lemon juice he had rubbed on his face would make him invisible to security cameras.

    The confidence-skill disconnection has been named the Dunning-Kruger effect, after a study by social psychologists David Dunning and Justin Kruger. Dunning and Kruger had Cornell undergraduates perform tests of humor, logic, and grammar, and then rate how well they think they performed compared to other subjects in the study. The worst performing subjects, whose scores put them in the 12th percentile, estimated that they had performed in the 62nd percentile. Summarizing the findings, Dunning noted, “Poor performers—and we are all poor performers at some things—fail to see the flaws in their thinking or the answers they lack.” When we think we are at our best is sometimes when we are at our objective worst.

    As any number of political scandals illustrate, the second type of stupid mistake involves impulsive acts—when we seem unable to keep our behavior in check. In the scandal that became known as Weinergate, former U.S. representative Anthony Weiner sent blue texts and pictures of himself to women he met on Facebook. (After resigning, Weiner continued his cyber-dalliances, and then fell prey to the Dunning-Kruger effect when he overestimated his support in the 2013 New York City mayoral primary; he received 5% of the vote.)

    The final variety of stupid mistake involves failing to concentrate—Homer Simpsonesque D’oh moments. As arguably the best example from American sports history, in the 1929 Rose Bowl, University of California star Roy Riegels recovered a fumble(失误球) and returned it 65 yards the wrong way. Riegel’s mistake set up a safety for Georgia Tech, which turned out to be the deciding factor in the opponent’s victory. Aczel and colleagues’ analyses revealed that subjects viewed this category of stupid mistake as the least stupid.

    It is, of course, unrealistic to think that we could ever eliminate human error. To err will always be human. However, this research gives us a better description of our failings and weaknesses, and a place to start in thinking about interventions and prescriptions to help us err less. This research also reminds us of our shared human weaknesses. We all tend to overestimate our abilities, to make impulsive decisions, and to fail to keep attention. This simple realization makes stupid mistakes seem, perhaps, a little less stupid — and a little more human.

    Title: Why you make breathtakingly stupid mistakes

    (71)_____of the research

    Compiling stories about stupid mistakes from some sources.

    Rating the stories on the factors like responsibilities, influences, etc.

    (72)__________ how the subjects rate the stories.

    Types of stupid mistakes

    Confidence – skill

    disconnection

    It happens when confidence (73)______ skill.

    Eg: A man rubbing lemon juice on his face robbed banks by (74)______his head in the sand like an ostrich ( 鸵鸟).

    The outcome may be just the (75)_________ when we overestimate our skills.

    Impulsive acts

    We cannot put our behavior under (76)____________.

    Eg. Weiner disturbed women by sending blue texts and pictures, which put him at a disadvantage in mayoral primary.

    (77)__________ of attention

    Though viewed as the least stupid, it can be a deciding factor in may cases. Eg. Roy Riegel’s running the wrong way with a fumble (78)_________ for Geogia Tech winning the game.

    Values of the research

    Providing us with a clear image of our failings and weaknesses.

    Helping us err less though we are (79)__________ to stay away from error.

    Enabling us to evaluate our abilities objectively, make rational decisions and always get (80)_______________.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2017-01-26
    来源: 江苏省沭阳县潼阳中学2017届高三上学期第一次月考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Have you ever been so absorbed in a conversation at a party that you failed to notice that someone new is standing only six inches away from you, trying to get your attention? It’s possible that you were so distracted that you didn’t notice someone approaching you. But it’s also entirely likely that you were experiencing change blindness.

           Change blindness is a phenomenon that occurs when a person is unable to notice visual changes in their environment, despite the fact that they are often rather obvious. In cases of change blindness, the person isn’t failing to notice small or insignificant changes, but will probably miss big changes, like someone standing next to them waving their hand.

           Early experiments with change blindness focused largely on memory and perception when viewing pictures. For example, a person might be shown a photograph of a street scene in Egypt and told to memorize the image. Following that, they would be shown the same picture with certain elements added or taken away and asked to identify what’s different. Very often the individual could recall the larger aspects of the picture but couldn’t recognize the smaller changes.

           In the 1990s, researcher Daniel Simons conducted a fascinating study into change blindness that many people find unbelievable. In Simons’ study, he asked participants to watch a video of a basketball being passed around between several people, with a particular focus on the basketball itself. When the experiment was over, Simons found that a large number of participants were so focused on watching the basketball being passed around that they failed to notice a man in a gorilla suit jumping around in front of the camera.

           It’s important to note that the change in Simons’ video wasn’t subtle; the gorilla is very obviously taking up much of the frame. Simons concluded that participants were experiencing inattentional blindness, which is when a person fails to notice a major change because they are so focused on another task. In this case, because participants were asked to focus on the movement of the basketball, their brains prioritized that task in order to do it properly, thereby missing the other things happening in the video.

           In the case of Simons’ study, participants engaged what’s referred to as attentional selection, which is when a person selects certain things to focus on in order to achieve a task and filters out anything that is unrelated to the objective.

           There are a number of theories about what causes a person’s inability to recognize obvious changes in their environment, but most agree that the phenomenon is related to sensory processing. Broadly speaking, our brains have a limited capacity to detect and process everything in our environment. Instead, what the brain does is choose certain things to process, evaluate, and store, which allows other things to be missed or filtered out.

           In simple terms, change blindness has a great deal to do with where a person directs their attention. In the case of the gorilla and the basketball, people focused their attention almost exclusively on one thing, which caused them to miss other elements or changes. Given that attention is often at the root of change blindness, a person’s age or mental and physical health can influence how well they will notice changes in stimuli.

    Change Blindness

    (71)   ▲    of change blindness

    Change blindness is a surprising perceptual phenomenon that occurs when a person recognizes minor changes in scenes while large changes go (72)   ▲   .

    Experiments with change blindness

    The main (73)   ▲    of early experiments was memory and perception.

    Individuals were found to be (74)   ▲    at recalling the smaller details in the same picture previously shown to them.

    Research in the 1990s

    In Simons’ study, participants were asked to pay special attention to the (75)   ▲    basketball, during which time a man wearing a gorilla suit unexpectedly walked through the scene.

    Contrary to popular belief, with their attention fixed on the basketball, many participants reported that the “gorilla” (76)   ▲    their notice.

    It is concluded that participants fail to recognize something big but unrelated to the objective when their brains are programmed to consider some task as a top (77)   ▲   .

    (78)   ▲    of change blindness

    The brain makes (79)   ▲    about what to be dealt with because of its limited capacity.

    Although attention is closely (80)   ▲    to change blindness, age and health are other factors that play a role.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-01-25
    来源: 江苏省如东高级中学2016-2017学年高一10月阶段测试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Most people have some regret that they just can’t seem to get rid of. But holding on to regret about the past that can’t be changed can have a bad effect on the possibility of a happy future. Regret is a waste of time, emotion and energy. To make sure that your life is a successful one, you need to take action to live in a way that you have no regret holding you back.

    Some people make very big decisions with very little consideration at all, and as a result they often regret their decisions. Before choosing a college major, getting married or accepting a job, you must carefully consider all conditions and make a wise decision rather than a careless one. Big decisions aren’t the only ones that require forethought (预先考虑), though. Before you become angry and say something you will regret later, think about what you’re going to say.

    Some things will be easy to do and some will be hard, but keep your eyes on the prize of living a successful life without regret, and you’ll find that achieving your goals might be easier than you think. But don’t just daydream about those goals — make an actual list, written down in black and white, and refer to it now and then to see what you have left to do.

    When you’re feeling happy and full of energy, taking care of yourself isn’t a problem. But in those days when you feel like crawling under the bed and never coming out again, you still must take care of yourself. You can do what you want and don’t get angry with yourself about your weaknesses. On the contrary, you just admit them and try to change them and move on. Improving your mental health is just as important as taking care of yourself physically.

    Keep those who are important to you very close and be sure to let them know how important they are to you. Family, friends, co-workers and people who are as close as your families are your lifelines that you can depend on whenever you need them to help you remember what’s important in life. You should make sure of repairing your relationships with your friends if something bad happens.

    Last but not least, learn to give yourself some relaxation and not to waste your time regretting things you cannot change. Treat those things properly and move on. Life is hard, but it is precious. Don’t waste time regretting the past, or your future will get here before you know it.

    Title

    Living without regret

    Theme

    Regret is a normal part of life. What you should do is to take action to make your life a (71)       without regret.

    (72)       for getting rid of regret

    l         Regret about the past can badly (73)       your possible happy future.

    l         Regret wastes time, emotion and energy.

    (74)     

    (75)       twice before you act.

    Take everything into (76)       consideration before making decisions or saying something.

    List the things you want to do.

    l         Focus your eyes on the things which will bring you happiness.

    l         Put your (77)      into practice.

    Take care of yourself.

    Make sure that you are in good (78)       both physically and mentally.

    Keep close relationships.

    Keep close to those who are (79)       to you.

    Don’t care about small things.

    Don’t regret things that cannot be (80)       and treasure the present-day life.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2017-01-25
    来源: 江苏省淮安市淮海中学2017届高三上学期第一次阶段测试(10月)英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Atlantis, a beautiful and wealthy island, is supposed to have existed over 11, 000 years ago. It was in the middle of the vast Atlantic Ocean, and was a centre for trade. Its people were very wealthy and powerful. The rulers of Atlantis controlled their people and land, and their power spread to Europe and Africa.

        The weather was very good in Atlantis, and therefore people could grow food all year around. Many different kinds of vegetables, fruits and nuts grew there, and a lot of different animals lived on the island, including elephants.

        Atlantis was the home of Poseidon, the Greek God of the Sea. Poseidon had five sets of twin boys, who became the first rulers of Atlantis. The island’s many hills, fields and rivers were divided between the ten brothers. The eldest son, Atlas, was the first king of Atlantis. He controlled the island’s central hill and its surrounding area.

        At the top of the central hill, a temple was built in honor of Atlas’s father, Poseidon. Inside the temple was a huge gold statue of Poseidon. The rulers of Atlantis discussed laws in the temple.

    For centuries the people of Atlantis lived simple, honest and happy lives. However, over time they began to change. They enjoyed the power they had and desired more of it. When the God Zeus saw how corrupt (腐败) the people of Atlantis were, he was very angry and gathered the other gods together to decide on a punishment for them. The gods agreed with Zeus and decided to sink the island. In one short day and a half, the island of Atlantis, its people and its memory―a whole civilization―were destroyed forever, swallowed up by the sea.

    Atlantis: The (71)   ▲   Island

    Brief

    (72)  ▲  of the island 

    It is a beautiful and wealthy island.

    It is supposed to have existed over 11,000 years ago.

    (73)  ▲   in the middle of the Atlantic oceanit became a center for trade.

    The rulers of it got its people and land (74)  ▲   control.

    Weather on the island 

    ●  It had very good weather.

    ●  It was suitable to grow food (75)  ▲   the year.

    ●  It was rich in fruits, vegetables and animals, elephants (76)  ▲  .

    Stories about the island

    It was the home of Poseidon, the Greek God of the Sea.

    Poseidon’s five sets of sons became the first rulers of Atlantis.

    The ten brothers divided its hills, fields and rivers between themselves.

    The eldest son, Atlas was the first to (77)  ▲   the island.

    A temple was built on the top of the central hill in honor of Poseidon. 

    (78)  ▲   for the sinking of  the island

    People’s (79)  ▲   to enjoy more power made them corruptive.

    Zeus gathered the other Gods to decide to (80)  ▲   them, by sinking the island, which was swallowed up by the sea in one and a half days.   

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-01-24
    来源: 江苏省赣榆县第一中学2016-2017学年高二上学期第一次月考(10月)英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    A lecturer was giving a lecture to his students on stress management. He raised a glass of water and asked the audience, ”How heavy do you think this glass of water is?”

    All of the students tried to answer, and their answers ranged from 20g to 500g.

    It does not matter on the absolute weight. It depends on how long you hold it. If I hold it for a minute, it is OK. If I hold it for an hour, I will have an ache in my right arm. If I hold it for a day, you will have to call an ambulance. It is the exact same weight, but the longer I hold it, the heavier it becomes.

    If we carry our burdens all the time, sooner or later, we will not be able to carry on, the burden is becoming increasingly heavier.

    What you have to do is to put the glass down and rest for a while before holding it up again.” We have to put down the burden periodically(周期性地), so that we can be refreshed and are able to carry on. Otherwise I think that we will break down on the half way and can’t realize our dreams as we planned. All of us should really keep this in mind.

    So, before you return home from work tonight, put the burden of work down. Don’t carry it back home. You can pick it up tomorrow.

    Whatever burdens you are having now on your shoulders, let it down for a moment if you can. If you do like this, you can greatly improve your work efficiency(效率) and life quality.

    Life is short; let’s enjoy it to the fullest!

    Title

    l         How to Relax Ourselves

    Theme

    l         Put down the burden to get (66)_____________

    The lecturer’s question

    l         How heavy is the glass of water?

    l         The question was raised on (67) ___________ stress.

    The students’ answers

    l         The students gave answers ranging from 20gto 500g.

    The lecturer’s explanations

    l         The weight of the glass of water (68) ______ on the time of holding it.

    l         The longer you hold it, the heavier it will become.

    l         Hold it for a minute, and you will feel (69) _____________.

    l         If you hold it for an hour, your right arm will ache.

    l         An ambulance will have to be (70)________ if you hold it for a day.

    l         If we carry the burden too long, we will be (71)___________ to carry on.

    The methods to relax

    l         To relax, you must put the glass down.

    l         After a(72) __________, hold the glass up again.

    l         Put down the burden(73)__________ to get refreshed to carry on.

    The writer’s (74)_______

    l         Put down the burden of work before you go home and pick it up tomorrow.

    l         Let down the burden on your (75)_________ to rest for a while.

    l         Enjoy your life

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-01-24
    来源: 江苏省阜宁中学2016-2017学年高二10月月考(学情调研)英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Laughter makes you feel good. And the good feeling that you get when you laugh remains with you even after the laughter disappears. Humor helps you keep a positive, optimistic outlook through difficult situations, disappointments, and loss.

    More than just a pause from sadness and pain, laughter gives you the courage and strength to find new sources of meaning and hope. Even in the most difficult of times, a laugh –-- or even simply a smile–can go a long way toward making you feel better. And laughter really is contagious (有传染的)—just hearing laughter primes your brain and readies you to smile and join in the fun.

    Laughter strengthens our relationships by bringing positive feelings and building emotional connections. When we laugh with one another, a positive bond is created. This bond fights stress, disagreements, and disappointment.

    Shared laughter is one of the most effective tools for keeping relationships fresh and exciting. All emotional sharing builds strong and lasting relationship bonds. Laughter unites people during difficult times.

    Having more humor and play into your daily interactions can improve the quality of your love relationships— as well as your connections with co-workers, family members, and friends.

    Laughter is your birthright, a natural part of life that is inborn. Little babies begin smiling during the first weeks of life and laugh out loud within months of being born. Even if you did not grow up in a family where laughter was a common sound, you can learn to laugh at any stage of life.

    One essential characteristic that helps us laugh is not taking ourselves too seriously. We’ve all known someone who takes everything with deathly seriousness and never laughs at anything. No fun there!

    The ability to laugh, play, and have fun with others not only makes life more enjoyable but also helps you solve problems, connect with others, and be more creative. People who include humor and play into their daily lives find that it renews them and all of their relationships.

    Life brings challenges that can either get the best of you or become playthings for your imagination. When you “become the problem” and take yourself too seriously, it can be hard to think outside the box and find new solutions. But when you play with the problem, you can often transform it into an opportunity for creative learning.

    Title: Laughter is good for you

    71      of laughter

    l   Laughter can make you courageous and73      to find new sources of meaning and hope in life.

    l   Laughter can74      a positive bond, which can help to 75      stress, disagreements and disappointment.

    l   Laughter can keep relationships fresh and exciting

    Ways to bring laughter to life

    l   Humans are76      with the ability to laugh.

    l   You can acquire the ability to laugh by77      at any stage of life.

    l   Take yourself78      seriously to develop your sense of humor.

    72     

    Laughter can bring a more79      life, better problem-solving abilities, stronger80      with others, and more creativity.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-01-24
    来源: 江苏省东海县石榴高级中学2016-2017学年高一上学期第一次学情检测英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Whenever we meet with difficulty or failure, teachers, parents or others often say to us or perhaps we say to ourselves, “Never give up.” These can be encouraging words and words of determination. A person who believes in himself will keep trying to reach his goal no matter how many times he fails. In my opinion, the quality of determination to succeed is an important one to have. Therefore, I believe that we should never give up.

       One reason is that if we give up too easily, we will rarely achieve anything. It is not unusual for us to fail in our first attempt at something new, so we should not feel disappointed and should try again. Besides, if we always give up when we fail, we will not be able to develop new skills and grow.

       Another reason we should never give up is that we can learn from our mistakes so that we can not make the same ones. If we do not try again, the lesson we have learned is wasted.

     Finally, we should never give up because as we work to reach our goals, we develop confidence, and this confidence can help us succeed in other areas of our lives. If we never challenge ourselves, we will begin to doubt our abilities.

     In short, it is important that we do not give up when working for our goals. Whether we succeed in the end or not, we will learn something, and what we learn will help us to become better and more confident. Furthermore, if we give up, we have no chance of attaining our goals any more, but if we keep making great efforts, there is always a chance that we will succeed one day.

    Topic: Never Give Up

    Possible meanings and the author’s opinions

    ♣ The words “Never give up” can__71__ others or oneself and express one’s determination.

    ♣ A person who wants to succeed should have the___72___ of determination. So we should never give up.

    ______73____

    ♣If we give up too easily, maybe we will achieve ____74___, so when we fail in our first attempt at something new, we should not___75___ ourselves but try again.

    ♣ Always giving up means that we will not be able to ___76____ any progress.

    ♣ Never giving up will make us learn from the mistakes we’ve made before and learn the __77____ so as not to make the same mistakes.

    ♣ To reach our goals and develop the confidence which can help us ___78____ourselves, we must not give up but challenge ourselves.

    Conclusions

    If you give up, you will have no_79____of reaching your goals. Never give up and you will ___80____ sooner or later.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-01-23
    来源: 江苏省丹阳高级中学2016-2017学年高二10月月考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

      Zebras have their own bug repellent(驱虫剂)?

       Eww bugs! They are so annoying! We humans are lucky that we can apply repellents to avoid nasty bites. But what’s an animal to do? They have no choice but to spend their days shooing (赶走)them off with their tails, unless, of course, they are zebras, who apparently have their own automatic repellent--- their striped skin!

    Scientists had originally thought that the reason why the animal had developed the black and white lines was to help protect itself from predators (食肉动物)in the African savannah(大草原), because the stripes make it difficult to single out one zebra that is traveling with a herd.While that may be true, the theory has never been tested or proven. Now the experts have another---that the stripes have evolved to repel the annoying horse flies that not only feed off their blood, but also, transmit dangerous germs into the bodies of these innocent animals.

    The study was performed by a team of Swedish scientists. One of the clues that got them thinking along these lines was the fact that darker horses got bitten more often than light-colored or white ones.

    The fact that zebras are born black and only develop stripes as they grow older made the scientists theorize that the stripes may be something the animals have developed to make themselves less attractive to flies.

    To test if this may be the case, they painted some boards at a horse-infested(寄生的) horse farm in Budapest with patterns of black and white stripes of varying widths and applied a layer of glue on them. What they noticed was that the places where the black and white stripes were at their narrowest (similar to what zebras have) attracted the fewest flies. They achieved similar results when they painted horses with black and white zebra-like stripes.

    While the research are not sure why this may be the case, they believe it may be something to do with the way insects operate---horseflies are attracted to horizontally polarized light(偏振光); since white does not reflect it, white horses are luckier than black ones. But zebras seem to be the luckiest of all. When the researchers measured the polarized light reflected from real zebra skins, they found that it matched light patterns that were the least attractive to horseflies.

    While this theory does make logical sense, nobody is 100 percent sure that it is really true, given that it has never been tested on a real zebra. If it is true, it does raise the question of why a horse, a close relative of the zebra has failed to develop stripes. The researchers believe that this could be because there are more horseflies in Africa, where zebras reside(居住), than anywhere else in the world.

       Title

             Zebras have their own bug repellent?

    Reasons why zebras develop their strips

    Original belief

    With the black and white lines, one zebra is difficult to single out while traveling with a herd, thus ___71___ it from its enemies.

    New theory

    Zebras, residing in Africa where there are most horseflies in the world have developed strips to ___72____ being attacked.

    A study

    Researchers

    A team of scientists from __73___

    __74___

    To test if strips are developed to make zebras less attractive to flies.

    Clues

    *White or light-colored horses are less __75___ to get bitten than dark ones.

    *Zebras develop strips as they grow older though born black.

    Method

    *Some boards at a horse farm are painted with patterns of black and white stripes variously ___76___ , a layer of glue applied on them.

    *Measured the polarized light reflected from real zebra skins.

    ___77___

    *The places where the black and white stripes at the narrowest were similar to the ___78___zebras have attracted the fewest flies.

    *Strips of zebras matched light patterns that were the least attractive to horseflies.

    Principle of zebras’ black and white strips repelling the flies

    Horizontally polarized light, which white does not reflect, ___79___ to horseflies.

    Conclusion

    ___80___tested on real zebras, the theory isn’t definitely true.

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    来源: 河北省定州中学2017届高三上学期第二次月考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

            It is not easy to find true friendsEven if youve connected with someonehow do you really know he is a true friendAnd often you will find that someone who you thought you could trust may have let you downThere are ways you can know if a friendship is true and how you can hold onto that friend

    Generally speakinga true friend is someone who will be there for you no matter what happensThey will stand by you through bad and good timesThey will accept you for who you are without trying to change youand they will be there to help you grow in new ways

    A true friend will keep you secrets for you trust himThey will be honest and be someone you can depend onThey will listen and be someone you can talk things over witheven if they may not have advice to share with you

    Howeverfriendship is a two-way streetTo find true friends and keep themyou must in turn be the same as wellBe there for them in their hard times and share the good times with themBe someone your friends can depend on as well and offer them the same thing they give to youA friendship will fall apart fast if only one person is giving and putting all the effortIf you are the only one making an effortbe honest and it works

    Actuallythere will be barriers in the road but that is the test of true friendshipIf it can survive those barriersit will be stronger and better than everJust as St Thomas Aquinas put itThere is nothing on this earth more prized than friendship

    Find a True Friend

    The writers 59on friends

    True friends 60come by nowadays

    Those who you regarded as your friends may make you down

    Characteristics of true friendship

    A true friend will 61you whatever happens

    A true friend will keep your secrets and be a good 62

    63.to hold friendship

    64with your friends when they are in trouble

    Be someone who your friends can 65

    66is the key to keep a friendship if you are the only one making efforts

    67.

    True friendship can stand up to various 68and grow stronger and better

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