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  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-09-14
    来源: 江苏省如皋市搬经中学2016-2017学年高一英语综合训练二 Word版含答案.doc

    Anything that poses a challenge or a threat to our well­being is a stress. Some stresses get you going and they are good for youwithout any stress at all many say our lives would be boring and would probably feel pointless. However, when the stresses undermine both our mental and physical health they are bad. Here we shall be focusing on stress that is bad for you.

    Stress is the feeling we have when under pressure, while stressors are the things we respond to in our environment.Examples of stressors are noises, unpleasant people, a speeding car, or even going out on a first date. Generally (but not always), the more stressors we experience, the more stressed we feel.

    When we are stressed the following happens

    Blood pressure rises.

    Breathing becomes more rapid.

    Heart rate (pulse) rises.

    Muscles become tense.

    We do not sleep (heightened state of alertness)

    Most of us have varying interpretations of what stress is about and what matters. Some of us focus on what happens to us, such as breaking a bone or getting a promotion, while others think more about the event itself. How you see that stressful event will be the largest single factor that impacts on your physical and mental health. Your interpretation of events and challenges in life may decide whether they are invigorating or harmful for you.

    There are three broad methods you can follow to treat stress.

    Self help for treating stress

    Exercise has been proven to have a beneficial effect on a person's mental and physical state. For many people exercise is an extremely useful stress buster.

    Alcohol and drugs will not help you manage your stress better. Either stop consuming them completely, or cut down.

    If your consumption of coffee and other drinks which contain caffeine is high, cut down.

    Eat plenty of fruit and vegetables. Make sure you have a healthy and balanced diet.

    Talk to you family, friends, work colleagues and your boss. Express your thoughts and worries.

    Stress management techniques

    Stress management can help you to keep away from the source of stress, change the way you view a stressful event, and lower the impact that stress might have on your body. Stress management therapy will have the objective of pursuing one or more of these approaches.

    Medicines

    Doctors will not usually prescribe medications for coping with stress, unless the patient has an underlying illness, such as depression or some type of anxiety. If that is the case, the doctor is actually treating a mental illness. In such cases, an antidepressant may be prescribed. Bear in mind that there is a risk that all the medication will do is mask the stress, rather than help you deal and cope with it.

    Stress

    Passage outline

    Supporting details

    Understanding of stress

    Stress is pressure or worry (34)________ by the stressors in your life.

    Some stresses (35)_________ you while some others make you suffer.

    (36)________ of stress

    You have (37)________ blood pressure.

    Your heart (38)________ faster.

    You become sleepless.

    Your breath and muscles are abnormal.

    Attitudes towards stress

    You care about what concerns (39)________.

    You pay attention to what is (40)________ around you.

    Above all, how you look at challenges affects your health.

    Ways to deal with stress

    Exercise, a proper diet, communication help to (41)________ your stress while alcohol, drugs and coffee do not.

    Stress management guides you how to (42)________ and reduce stress.

    Medicines can be used to treat a mental illness but cannot solve the problem (43)________.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-09-14
    来源: 江苏省如皋市搬经中学2016-2017学年高二英语必修五综合测试 Word版含答案.doc

    How Traffic Affects Our Health

    When talking about traffic problems, we also need to take into consideration the pollution that we are exposed to and the health problems traffic causes. Given below is an in­depth exposition on how traffic affects our health and what we can do to avoid some of these effects to live a longer and healthier life.

    Achesand Pains

    Driving in a slouched(无精打采的) position puts pressure on your back and neck. Back pain is often due to poor posture which can have a negative effect on your health. Your bad posture also puts stress on the joints of your elbows and knees, causing pain and tiredness to these areas of your body.

    When you are driving in traffic, you are constantly shifting between the accelerator and brake (in automatic transmission cars), and clutch, brake, and accelerator (in manual transmission cars). This constant shifting puts pressure and stress on your knees, causing knee­related problems and aches.

    What can you do?

    You can counteract these ill effects and posture problems by sitting upright and having a support for your lower back and neck. Adjust the position of your seat in such a way that you can drive at ease without any discomfort. The backrest of the seat should be straight up, and not pulled down too much.

    Respiratory(呼吸的) Problems

    Exposure to heavy traffic implies exposure to poisonous gases that are emitted by vehicles. It is believed that the transportation sector in the US is responsible for a quarter of the country's greenhouse gas emissions.

    Our lungs are like sponges, soaking in everything that is breathed in by our respiratory system. The smoke coming out of the tailpipes of vehicles presents a serious threat to human health. Prolonged exposure to traffic emissions can cause various respiratory diseases including lung cancer.

    What can you do?

    There are ways to avoid breathing in polluted air. If you can, avoid driving in parts of your town with heavy traffic congestion. However, if you find yourself driving through such areas, roll up your car windows to minimize exposure to harmful gases. If you plan to go out for a walk or run, do it in a place where you get loads of fresh air. Eat foods that are rich in antioxidants(抗氧化剂), and exercise regularly so that your immune system is strong enough to fight off potential threats to your health.

    Travel and traffic are two things that are absolutely unavoidable, and that is why we should try to be as comfortable as possible, to be stress­free and illness­free!

    Title: How Traffic Affects Our Health

    Passage outline

    Supporting details

    Lead­in

    When it (33)________ to traffic problems, we should pay enough attention to the pollution we are exposed to and the health problems that traffic causes.

    Aches and

     Pains

    Problems

    (34)________ a poor position when you are driving can affect your health badly in several ways such as back, neck, even the joints of your elbows and knees.Shifting posture constantly in the (35)________ of driving will put pressure and stress on your knees, causing aches and pains.

    Solutions

    You can sit upright and have a support for your lower back and neck.You can make (36)________ to the position of your seat.You can (37)________ the backrest of your seat and avoid pulling it down too much.

    Respiratory

    Problems

    Problems

    It is believed that the transportation sector is to (38)________ for a quarter of the greenhouse gas emissions in the US.Our lungs breathe in harmful elements in the smoke from vehicles, damaging our health seriously.Long exposure to dangerous pollutants from vehicles can cause various lung­related diseases, lung cancer (39)________

    Solutions

    You should try to drive through the areas (40)________ from heavy traffic congestion.You must wind up your car windows to keep exposure to harmful pollutants to the (41)________.

    You should choose a place where you get loads of fresh air to take a walk or have a run.

    You must attach (42)________ to your diet and regular exercise to fight off potential threats to your health.

    Conclusion

    We should try to be stress­free and illness­free while driving or traveling.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-09-14
    来源: 江苏省如皋市搬经中学2016-2017学年高二英语必修五综合测试 Word版含答案.doc

    How Traffic Affects Our Health

    When talking about traffic problems, we also need to take into consideration the pollution that we are exposed to and the health problems traffic causes. Given below is an in­depth exposition on how traffic affects our health and what we can do to avoid some of these effects to live a longer and healthier life.

    Achesand Pains

    Driving in a slouched(无精打采的) position puts pressure on your back and neck. Back pain is often due to poor posture which can have a negative effect on your health. Your bad posture also puts stress on the joints of your elbows and knees, causing pain and tiredness to these areas of your body.

    When you are driving in traffic, you are constantly shifting between the accelerator and brake (in automatic transmission cars), and clutch, brake, and accelerator (in manual transmission cars). This constant shifting puts pressure and stress on your knees, causing knee­related problems and aches.

    What can you do?

    You can counteract these ill effects and posture problems by sitting upright and having a support for your lower back and neck. Adjust the position of your seat in such a way that you can drive at ease without any discomfort. The backrest of the seat should be straight up, and not pulled down too much.

    Respiratory(呼吸的) Problems

    Exposure to heavy traffic implies exposure to poisonous gases that are emitted by vehicles. It is believed that the transportation sector in the US is responsible for a quarter of the country's greenhouse gas emissions.

    Our lungs are like sponges, soaking in everything that is breathed in by our respiratory system. The smoke coming out of the tailpipes of vehicles presents a serious threat to human health. Prolonged exposure to traffic emissions can cause various respiratory diseases including lung cancer.

    What can you do?

    There are ways to avoid breathing in polluted air. If you can, avoid driving in parts of your town with heavy traffic congestion. However, if you find yourself driving through such areas, roll up your car windows to minimize exposure to harmful gases. If you plan to go out for a walk or run, do it in a place where you get loads of fresh air. Eat foods that are rich in antioxidants(抗氧化剂), and exercise regularly so that your immune system is strong enough to fight off potential threats to your health.

    Travel and traffic are two things that are absolutely unavoidable, and that is why we should try to be as comfortable as possible, to be stress­free and illness­free!

    Title: How Traffic Affects Our Health

    Passage outline

    Supporting details

    Lead­in

    When it (33)________ to traffic problems, we should pay enough attention to the pollution we are exposed to and the health problems that traffic causes.

    Aches and

     Pains

    Problems

    (34)________ a poor position when you are driving can affect your health badly in several ways such as back, neck, even the joints of your elbows and knees.Shifting posture constantly in the (35)________ of driving will put pressure and stress on your knees, causing aches and pains.

    Solutions

    You can sit upright and have a support for your lower back and neck.You can make (36)________ to the position of your seat.You can (37)________ the backrest of your seat and avoid pulling it down too much.

    Respiratory

    Problems

    Problems

    It is believed that the transportation sector is to (38)________ for a quarter of the greenhouse gas emissions in the US.Our lungs breathe in harmful elements in the smoke from vehicles, damaging our health seriously.Long exposure to dangerous pollutants from vehicles can cause various lung­related diseases, lung cancer (39)________

    Solutions

    You should try to drive through the areas (40)________ from heavy traffic congestion.You must wind up your car windows to keep exposure to harmful pollutants to the (41)________.

    You should choose a place where you get loads of fresh air to take a walk or have a run.

    You must attach (42)________ to your diet and regular exercise to fight off potential threats to your health.

    Conclusion

    We should try to be stress­free and illness­free while driving or traveling.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2017-07-06
    来源: 江苏省如东高级中学2017届高三2月摸底考试英语试题 Word版含解析.doc

    What is eco-fashion? Eco-fashion is about making clothes that take into account the environment, the health of consumers and the working conditions of people in the fashion industry. It is a complex phenomenon and the common use of the fashionable terms—‘ecological’ and ‘ethical’. Ecological fashion usually refers to textile (织物) and clothing production processes and the environmental issues surrounding themethical fashion generally relates to the working conditions involved in the producing processes.

    What are the problems with fashion? A closer look at the fashion industry points out many problems that are common practices in the creation of our fashions from the field to the factory. Firstly, the production of textiles pollutes the environment heavily. Cotton-planting uses pesticides; sheep-farming and wool-cleaning contribute to global warming; synthetics-making (人造纤维生产) brings about waste which does harm to our environment. Secondly, every stage of clothing production has a significant effect on the environment. They all use a great deal of energy, and some also involve chemicals which evidently do harm to the surroundings. In addition to this, there is a lot of waste produced in the process, especially in the form of polluted water. Thirdly, growing consumption levels and our shopping habits further worsen the bad effects. We are now buying clothes in increasing quantities without realizing the scale on which it affects natural environment, and we are also quick to throw away clothes that have been worn only a couple of times.

    Then, how to solve the problems? Other industries that design products are ahead of the fashion industry when it comes to choosing sustainable materials, designing for minimum waste, choosing energy efficient manufacturing and creating products for longevity. The fashion industry has been slow to adopt these changes and part of the problem is the very nature of fashion. To a large degree, it is the fashion producers that really have the power and the responsibility to shape our future. There are numerous ways in which these producers can reduce their ecological footprint, from switching to green energy and reducing energy use, through selecting sustainable materials and choosing local suppliersto recycle and minimize waste. On the other hand, as consumers we can all make contributions by selecting environmentally friendly clothing and reducing clothing consumption.

    There is some concern that eco-friendly fashions are just a trend that we will eventually grow tired of but we can make sure that doesn't happen. Now many people are beginning to shop for organic food products because the benefits of eating food free of chemicals are straightforward and immediate. They relate directly to our personal health. In fact, choosing eco-fashion can also contribute to our personal health, though it is mostly done by way of keeping the health of the planet.

    Why choose eco-fashion?

    ___51___ of fashion    Ecological    Textile & clothing production processes;

    Issues related to   ___52___

        Ethical

        Working  ___53___  involved

    Problems with fashion    

    Textile  ___54___

         Cotton-planting: use of pesticides;

    Sheep-farming & wool-cleaning: global warming;

    Synthetics-making:  ___55___ waste

        Clothing production

         Producing a lot of waste;

    Using chemicals;

    ____56____  a great deal of energy

        Consumption levels & shopping habits

         New clothes: bought in increasing quantities

    Old clothes: ___57___  away quickly

    ___58___  to

    problems

    Fashion producers

         Ways to recycle and ___59___ waste:

    Switching to green energy;

    Reducing energy use;

    Selecting sustainable materials;

    Choosing local suppliers

        ____60____

         Selecting environmentally friendly clothing

    Reducing clothing consumption

    Choosing eco-fashion can contribute to our personal health.

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2017-07-06
    来源: 江苏省如东高级中学2017届高三2月摸底考试英语试题 Word版含解析.doc

    When Charles Lee handed me the small red notebook in 1974, he changed my life. “While you are traveling, you should keep notes of things you see and do,” he explained.

       I was 20 years old, a junior in college, spending a term at the University of London. Charles was a retired traveling salesman. I was staying with him in his cottage in Kendal, located in the Lake District of northern England. It was a one-week homestay the university arranged for us before classes began.

       I took his advice. I wrote in the notebook every day during the homestay. Back in London, I recorded weekend trips to Wales, Yorkshire, France, and Spain. I commented on my classes, professors, and classmates. I contrasted my life at a small college in the US with my wandering through the streets of London, my introduction to life in a big city, and my initial travels outside the US. I tracked ideas I had about my life and my future.

       When I wrote in the notebook, I struggled with a sense of my audience and purpose. Who would read this? Were these writings just for me, or did I want others to read them? Was I recording events and ideas just as a prompt(提示)to memory, or was there some larger purpose for this daily exercise?

       I knew I was recording events, thoughts, words that were important to my life. I imagined a future me sitting down to read the pages. I wondered what it would feel like to read those words later. I wondered where I would be and what my life would be like.

       I filled the notebook Charles gave me. I bought a new one and filled it. Then another and another. I continued writing in notebooks for four decades. By that time, they filled two boxes in my garage.

       I had reread some of the journals. Specific volumes had provided me with the background I needed for dozens of articles for magazines. But I had never read them all. Recently, I decided to bring my collection of notebooks into my office and replay my life. As I opened the first box, I suddenly became nervous would I like the former me described on those pages? There was a risk in opening that first notebook. I did it anyway.

       Charles had been right. I remembered the big events and the central happenings, but on each page were many details I hadn’t retained(保留).

       The pages revealed highlights from college classes and stories about roommates and friends. I read anxious comments I’d written as I’d launched my teaching career, learned to write lesson plants, assigned grades for student work, and solved discipline problems. I reflected on my coming marriage, then the wedding, and eventually the proud moments when I held each of my three girls as a father. I recounted more trips---returning to Europe, teaching in South America, going on safari(游猎)in Africa, and exploring Greenland. I relived memories of trails hit, rivers crossed, and mountains climbed.

       The writings in those journals framed my life. I hadn’t written every day. I often skipped a few days or even weeks, but I always picked up the writing when it felt important. Journals wet with my when I traveled , and I often wrote in them at school when my own students were writing.

       It took several long evenings to read through the notebooks, taking me on tour spanning(持续)42 years. As I read I could recall sitting on a bench in Trafalgar Square in London or in our apartment in Peru to write to the future me. It was then that I realized: I am now the person I was writing to throughout those years.

    45. What can we learn about Charles Lee?

    A. He was an Englishman the author came across

    B. He gave the author a notebook as birthday present

    C. The author gained valuable experience of life from him

    D. The author once lived in his house as a college graduate

    46. One reason why the author kept writing journals was that he wanted to _______.

    A. let others read what he wrote in the future    B. live up to Charles Lee’s expectation for him

    C. know what his life would be like in the future    D. leave something special to his three daughters

    47. How did the author feel when he opened the first box filled with his journals?

    A. Curious    B. Worried    C. Surprised    D. Disappointed

    48. By mentioning the highlights in Paragraph 10, the author intends to tell us _________.

    A. the regrets he had about his life    B. the benefits of keeping journals

    C. the big events that happened to him    D. the themes of his articles for magazines

    49. We can learn from the passage that the author _________.

    A. rarely wrote journals at school    B. keeps a daily journal of his life

    C. even wrote journals when traveling    D. had kept writing journals for five decades

    50. What would be the best title for the passage?

    A. Rereading my journals    B. My interesting experience of life

    C. A red notebook    D. A gift to my future self

    题型:未分类  知识点:任务型阅读
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2017-06-30
    来源: 江苏省盐城市阜宁中学2017届高三下学期模拟考试(5月) 英语 Word版含答案.doc

    In China, as in many countries, the northsouth divide runs deep. People from the north are seen as hale and hearty, while southerners are often portrayed as cunning, cultured traders. Northerners are taller than southerners. The north eats noodles, while the south eats rice—and according to new research, when it comes to personality, that difference has meant everything.

    A study published Friday by a group of psychologists in the journal Science finds that China’s noodleslurping northerners are more independent, show more “analytic thought” and divorce more frequently. By contrast, the authors write, riceeating southerners show more qualities traditionally associated with East Asian culture, including more “holistic thought” and lower divorce rates.

    The reason? Cultivating rice, the authors say, is a lot harder. Picture a rice paddy, its delicate seedlings tucked in a bed of water. They require careful tending and many hours of labor—by some estimates, twice as much as wheat—as well as reliance on irrigation systems that require neighborly cooperation. As the authors write, for southerners growing rice, “strict selfreliance might have meant starvation”.

    Growing wheat, by contrast, the north’s staple grain, is much simpler. One Chinese farming guide from the 1600s quoted in the study advised aspiring farmers that “if one is short of labor power, it is best to grow wheat.”

    To produce their findings, the authors evaluated the attitudes of 1162 Han Chinese students in Beijing and Liaoning in the north and in Fujian, Guangdong, Yunnan and Sichuan in the south. To control for other factors that distinguish the north and south—such as climate, dialect and contact with herding cultures—the authors also analyzed differences between various neighboring counties in five central provinces along China’s ricewheat border.

    According to the authors, the influence of rice cultivation can help explain East Asia’s “strangely persistent interdependence”. For example, they say South Korea and Japan have remained less individualistic than Western countries, even as they’ve grown wealthier.

    The authors aren’t alone in observing the influence various crops have on shaping culture. Malcolm Gladwell in his 2008 book Outliers also drew connections between a hardworking ethic (measured by a willingness to fill out long, boring questionnaires) and a historical tradition of rice cultivation in places such as South Korea and Japan, given that the farming of such crops is arguably an equally boring chore.

    Title: How China’s NorthSouth Divide Has Influence on (71)______ Personality

    (72)______ in personality

    ●China’s northerners (73)______ on noodles, and they are thought of as hale, hearty and taller with more (74)______ and “analytic thought” as well as higher divorce rates

    ●On the contrary, the southerners prefer eating rice and have more “holistic thought” and lower divorce rates

    Reasons

    ●Planting rice needs twice more (75)______ than planting wheat

    ●Cultivating rice relies on irrigation system that requires neighbors to (76)______ well

    ●If you are over independent, you might (77)______ in the south

    ●If you are (78)______ in labor power, it is best to grow wheat in the north

    The Research

    ●The attitudes of 1162 Han Chinese students were evaluated

    ●Other unrelated factors like climate, dialect and herding cultures were carefully (79)______

    ●The result shows the influence of rice cultivation can result in more cooperation and explain East Asia’s “strangely persistent interdependence”

    Another(80)______observation

    Malcolm Gladwell also found the influence crops have on culture in his 2008 book Outliers

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  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-06-30
    来源: 江苏省泰州中学2017学年高三第四次调研考试英语试题 Word版含答案byfen.doc

       It's often heard that love is sharp and hate is sharper, butjealousy (妒忌is the sharpest as it's love and hate at the same time. It's an emotion which creates negativity, and feelings of fear, anxiety, and insecurity. Jealousy is an ugly green monster which preys on each one of us at different points of our lives. Jealousy is defined as a protective reaction to an imagined threat to a valued relationship, arising from a situation in which the partner's involvement in an activity or with another person is contrary to the jealous person's definition of their relationship.

        Jealousy is an imperfect blend of sadness, anger, disgust, and resentment It has destroyed many perfect relationships and caused huge emotional distress to the jealous person as well as his family or friends. Extreme cases of jealousy have even been a cause for murders and suicides. Jealousy is one of the most common human emotions and is experienced by either gender.It is not culture specific and shows its presence from the age of 6 months onward.

         There are several main common types of jealousy. One of them is workplace jealousy, which is a commonly observed jealousy occurring between colleagues in a workplace. It's often known to turn up when there is a lack of appreciation for the work and efforts made by an employee.Often, there is a general feeling of jealousy between colleagues with similar job profiles, when only one of them gets promoted, or gets a pay raise. This creates a feeling of disappointment and jealousy in the heart of an employee.

        Another common type is platonic jealousy. This type of jealousy is often mistaken as romantic, but one must remember that there is a thin line of difference between the two. This jealousy can most commonly be seen in friendships, when one fears losing a friend to a more interesting or friendly person.

    The emotional attachment with your own friend is so much that you can't imagine them with someone else. Platonic jealousy was aptly shown in the popular comic books called Archie where both Betty and Veronica try to vie Archie.

         Sibling (兄弟姐妹jealousy, commonly seen in families across the world,is also one common type of jealousy.There is a general sence of competition amongst children to be their parent's

    favorite child.There is a display of jealousy on arrival of new sibling ,

    on being made to share favorite toys,clothes ,or other facilities,on being showered lesser attention,and experiencing lesser love than  siblings,on  experiencing a negative comparison made between siblings by parents or even when a siling is smarter or more talente than another.

       Jealousy isn't good thingfortunately,it's possible to gradually deal with it.This requires initiative (主动性and full support from the person facing the problem as well as his loved ones.The person himself should't deny the existence of such a problem .As to siblingjealousy,Parents are advised to deal with this proplem in a positive way as soon as it is detected,else sibling  rivaly can have some serious effects and cause a lifelong rift and tension between siblings.When dealing with workplace jealousy,you should be professional,approach your seniors and demmand a recheck of your assessment.Nowadays, organizations are being forced to apply scientific methods of evaluation systems so as to create fairness in assessment.The methods applied have helped justify the assessment

    results and reduce jealousy between colleagues.

        So why get annoyed about your fate and get jealous of   otheres? Love yourself  and be assured about your capabilities.Give life your best shot and before your know it ,things will start falling in place.

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  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-06-29
    来源: 江苏省南通市2017年高考英语全真模拟试题(四) Word版含答案byfen.doc

        You may consider your smartphone's  camera as a substitute when you don't havt1 your “real” carriers with you i but the fact is, smart phone camera technology has become so complex that the pictures you take on your mobile device may be matchable lo those you shoot with a standalone digital camera. Plus your smartphone camera travels with you almost everywhere. What better way lo capture (捕捉the unexpected moments of your life that could be the ones you love best?

        Try these simple and affordable tips to control and use the power of your smartphone's   cameraand capture a quality image for every moment you want to preserve.

       Smartphone cameras enable you to snap (拍照an image at a moment's notice, but the slim design of mobile devices can make it tough to hold the camera steady enough to capture a clear image. Many of us take less time to get the shot  with smart phones than with fancier cameras, and this can lead to out-of-focus images  we're unhappy with. Simply taking a few moments to stop and hold the camera—and ourselves—still cm make a big difference. Using the volume (音量) button on the side of your smartphone to snap images instead of the camera's on-screen button can also reduce hand movement and impmvc the quality of your shots.

        Your smartphone's camera can measure light automatically, but most smartphone camera  lenses (镜片limit your focal length and depth. With quality lighting, your camera is able to capture quality images. Whether you're snapping pictures indoors or outside, pay attention to light sources and  how they hit your photos subject. Be especially mindful of dark shadows across people's faces, which can appear less attractive in pictures. Additionallya flashlight from a different phone can light your subject from m angle which will result in a better image than relying on your smartphone camera's  flash. Instead of getting a flat, washed-out look, the subject looks dynamit and attractive.

        Just as your smartphone doesn't always know what you most want to capture in m image, the strongest composition of ten comes from simplicity. Before you snap, take a look at the background noise your image will include, such as passersby,pictures on a wall behind the subject and moving cars. Don't try to capture too much all in one photo. Walk closer to help remove objects that don't  add to the scene. Choosing cootrasling colours between your subject and the background elements in an image can  increase the wow factor of your smartphonc pictures, too.

    Title: How to Gel the Best Pictures from Y0ur Smartphone

    Good points of a smartphone camera

    Its technology can almost (71) match that of a standalone digital camera.

    It (72)accompanies you wherever you arc.

    Slow dow]i before you snap

    A  smartphone is so small in size that it s hard for you lo prevent a (73) shake/movement of your hand or camcra , which leads to an  unwanted image.

    You are not supposed to press the button unless your hands, together with your camera, remain at (74)rest.

    Using the side button instead of the one on the screen ensures (75)relative steadiness of your camera.

    Use proper light

    (76) Lighting determines the brightness and darkness of images and thus their quality,

    A flashlight from another phone may be (77) superior to that from your own in the effect of an image.

    Make the scene (78) simple

    You can make your image stand out by (79 ) excluding unwanted objects from it when taking a photo.

    The contrast of colours also (80) contributes a lot to a quit lily image.

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  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-06-29
    来源: 江苏省南通市2017年高考英语全真模拟试题(三) Word版含答案byfen.doc

         When was the last time you read a. book, or a magazine article? Do your everyday reading habits centre around updates on the Internet? In case you are one of innumerable individuals  who don't make a habit of reading consistently* you may be passing up a great opportunity: Reading has a noteworthy number of advantages. and only a couple of advantages of reading are recorded below.

         Everything you read fills your head with new bits of information and you never know when it might be useful to you. The more knowledge you have, the better- equipped you are to overcome any challenge you'll ever face., Additionally, here's a bit of food for thought Should you ever find yourself in terrible circuit stances, remember that although you might lose everything else—your job, your possessions, your money even your health—knowledge  can never be taken from you.

        At  the  same  time,the more you read, the more words you gain exposure to, and they'll  surely make (heir my into your everyday vocabulary. Being able to express your ideas clearly in words is of great help in any profession? and knowing that you can speak to higher-ran king people with self-confidence can he a great encouragement to your selt-esteem  (自尊. It could even aid  in  your career. as those who are  well-read well-spoken, and knowledgeable on a variety of topics tend to get promotions more quickly (and more often) than those with smaller vocabularies and lack of awareness of literature, scientific breakthroughs, and global events. Reading books is also vital for learning new languages, as non-native speakers gain exposure to words used in context,, which will improve their own speaking and writing

    fluency.

        When you  read a bookyou have to remember a lot of characters,their backgrounds, ambitions, history, arid nuances, as well as the  various plots that weave their way through every story. That's a  fair bit to remember, but brains are wonderful things and can remember these things with  relative ease. Amazingly enough, whenever you remember something new, new synapses [(神经元的)突触]arc formed and existing ones me strengthened.I low cool that is!

         No matter how much stress you have at work, in your personal relationships, or countless other issues faced in daily life- it all just slips away when you lose yourself in a great story. A  well-written novel can transport you to other realms (领域)while an interesting article will distract you and keep you in the present moment T letting tensions drain away and allowing you to relax.

    Title: Some of Benefits of Reading: You ShouldReadd Every  Day, Why?

    Knowledge

    accumulation

    The more you read, the more adequately it (71)prepares you for various troubles in life,

    Knowledge is what will stay with you (72)forever.

    Vocabulary

    expansion

    You can ( 73 ) expand/enlarge/increase/develop your vocabulary by reading, which may favour you in your job and make you proud when you talk with your leaders.

    Your rich vocabulary means you are a great reader with rich knowledge, which offers you a big (74)advantage over others in promotions.

    Wards in context will help a foreigti language learner use the laneuaec (75) fluonllv.

    (76) Memory improvement

    You will try to keep in mind the (77)contents of a book while reading and (hut h somewhat (78)easy for your brain.

    The more you try to remember, the (79) better you will be at remembering.

    Stress reduction

    An interesting riding will transfer your attention to its plob so that you feel (80) relaxed and forget about your worries.

     

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  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-06-29
    来源: 江苏省南通市2017年高考英语全真模拟试题(六) Word版含答案byfen.doc

       Work-life balance means something different to every individualbut here health and career experts share tips to help you find what arc right for you.

        A lot of overachievers develop perfectionist tendencies at a young age when demands on their time arc limited to school, hobbies and maybe an after-school job. It's easier to maintain that perfectionist habit as a kid, but as you grow uplife gels more complicated. As you climb the ladder at work and as your family growsyour responsibilities increase rapidly. Perfectionism becomes out of reach and if that habit is left unchecked, it can become harmful.

         The key to avoid burning out is to let go of perfectionism. As life gets more expanded it's very hard to keep that habit of perfection going. The healthier option is to work hard not for perfection, but for excellence.

         From telecommuting to programmes that make work easiertechnology has helped our lives in many ways. But it has also created expectations of constant accessibility. The workday never seems to end. There are times when you should just shut your phone off and enjoy the momcnl* Official instructions over the phone interrupt your off time and add stress to your system. So don't text at your kid's soccer game and don't send work e-mails while you're hanging out with family. By not reacting to the updates from work, you will developing a stronger habit of resilience (弹性. Resilient people feel a greater sense of control over their lives while reactive people have less control and arc more likely to get stressed.

         Even when we're busy, we make time for the crucial things in life. We eat. We go to the bathroom. We sleep. And yet one of our most crucial needs—exercise—is often the first thing to go when our calendars fill up. Exercise is an effective stress reducer. So you should devote quite some time each week to self-care, whether it's exercise, yoga or meditation (冥想.And if you're really pressed for timestart small with deep breathing exercises during your travel to and from work, a quick five-minute meditation morning and night or replacing drinking alcohol with a healthier form of stress reduction.

          These exercises require minor effort but offer major payoffsOur autonomic nervous system includes two branches the sympathetic nervous system (our body's stress response) and the parasympathetic nervous system (our body's rest and digest response). The key is to find something (hat you can build into your life that will activate your parasympathetic nervous system.

    Title Tips for Better Work-Life Balance

    Let go of perfectionism

    As a student you are free to focus on every detail of what you do and improve them until they are (71)perfect.

    With a job and a family, you won't have so much time and (72)energy for perfectionism.

    In the latler case you may aim at excellence but get (73) rid of perfectionism.

    (74) Withdraw from your boss

    One side effect of the mobile phone is keeping you (75)connected associated with work even in your spare time,

    By keeping your phone (76) off, you can enjoy having recreations with your family without being disturbed

    Resilient people are able to achieve a better (77) balance between work and life.

    Exercise and meditate

    Exercise should be an (78) essential part of your life however tight your schedules are.

    Even ( 79 ) easy simple/liftht gentle and time-savins exercises will effectively help reduce your stress from work.

    When we work outwe make our parasympathetic nervous system ( 80) activewhich calms everything  down.

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  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-06-29
    来源: 江苏省南京市金陵中学、江苏省海安高级中学、南京外国语学校2017届高三第四次模拟考试英语试题 Word版含答案byfen.doc

      What makes a hit? Many assume it has to do with artistry or luck. Not sosays Derek Thompson, a writer and editor at the Atlantic. In his first book“Hit Makers”he analyses the psychology and economics of pop culture and argues that “hits” the things that get everybody talking— are based on three rules that rely on more than discovering or introducing new ideas alone.

        First, consumers desire “familiar surprises' Studies show that people opt for things they recognise over things they do not. Maybe there is an evolutionary explanation for this: survival taught humans that if they had seen an animal before, it had not killed them yet. This familiarity was comforting. The evidence for people's response to recognition is everywhere: the Star Wars  franchise, for example is a combination of characters and themes from older films. But it remains a fine balance, as people enjoy thinking they have found something new—the “aha” moment, as Mr Thompson calls it.

        Second, going “virar overnight is a myth. Real hits rely on a series of closely connected events: a celebrity picking up a tweet and sharing it with countless followers, for example. Friends and family alone are unlikely to help you reach the scale you need (unless, of course, they are extremely InfLuential). “Rock Around the Clock' a rock'n'noll classic, was completely unrecognized when it was first made available to the public. Yet thanks to one music obsessed teenager and his movie-star father, the song was picked as the opening track to a notorious film called “Blackboard Jungle”which helped it achieve international fame.

       Third, technology may evolve, but people's longing for the popular does net. Music labels used to bribe(贿赂radio stations to play their songs, thus ensuring their success. This meant the labels could dictate the hits. Today the internet offers a seemingly infinite readily available music, yet people tend to stick to songs that other people like. One study from Columbia University found that a song at the top of the charts stayed there precisely because people assumed it was good, When the charts were inverted, those previously at the bottom achieved similar success. The quality of the song is not as important as its perceived(感知的)popularity.

         Mr Thompson's thesis might seem obvious a feet be readily admits. Exposure and connections are important. But the extent to which nearly all pop hits owe their success to this may be less clear-cut than is generally believed. Mr Thompson's skills for supporting each point with colourful tales and examples help make the book worthwhile. He explains how “Bal du Mou lin de la Galette" by Pierre-Auguste Renoir, which is respected as one of the masterpieces of the Impressionist movement, would not have been so without Gustave Caillebotte, a fellow artist Cailiebotte died at 45 and left nearly 70 of his friends, paintings to the French state, including several by Renoir, thus helping ensure his exposure and eventual critical praise.

         Readers may despair at the injustice of publicity (宣传bearing more fruit than pure talent, but there are enough unlikely examples to foster hope. Indeed, In theory, anyone with the right mix of “newness”wide reach and repeated exposure can get their lucky break. Better still, it might just be a hit.

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  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2017-06-20
    来源: 2017年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语(江苏卷)试题及答案 解析.DOC

    Population Change

    Why is the world’s population growing? The answer is not what you might think. The reason for the explosion is not that people have been reproducing like rabbits, but that people have stopped dropping dead like flies. In 1900, people died at the average age of 30. By 2000 the average age was 65. But while increasing health was a typical feature of the 20th century, declining birth rate could be a defining one of the 21st.

    Statistics show that the average number of births per woman has fallen from 4.9 in the early 1960s to 2.5 nowadays. Furthermore, around 50% of the world’s population live in regions where the figure is now below the replacement level(i.e.2.1 births per woman)and almost all developed nations are experiencing sub-replacement birth rate. You might think that developing nations would make up the loss(especially since80% of the world’s people now live in such nations), but you’d be wrong. Declining birth rate is a major problem in many developing regions too, which might cause catastrophic global shortages of work force within a few decades.

    A great decline in young work force is likely to occur in China, for instance. What does it imply? First, China needs to undergo rapid economic development before a population decline hits the country. Second, if other factors such as technology remain constant, economic growth and material expectations will fall well below recent standards and this could invite trouble.

    Russia is another country with population problems that could break its economic promise. Since 1992 the number of people dying has been bigger than that of those being born by a massive 50%,Indeed official figures suggest the country has shrunk by 5% since 1993 and people in Russia live a shorter life now than those in 1961.Why is this occurring? Nobody is quite sure, but poor diet an above all long-time alcoholism have much to do with it. If current trends don’t bend. Russia’s population will be about the size of Yemen’s by the year 2050.

    In the north of India, the population is booming due to high birth rates, but in the south, where most economic development is taking place, birth rate is falling rapidly. In a further twist, birth rate is highest in poorly educated rural areas and lowest in highly educated urban areas. In total, 25% of India’s working-age population has no education. In 2030, a sixth of the country’s potential work force could be totally uneducated.

    One solution is obviously to import foreign workers via immigration. As for the USA, it is almost unique among developed nations in having a population that is expected to grow by 20% from 2010-2030. Moreover, the USA has a track record of successfully accepting immigrants. As a result it’s likely to see a rise in the size of its working-age population and to witness strong economic growth over the longer term.

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  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-06-11
    来源: 江苏省张家港市崇真中学2016-2017学年高二下学期英语周考4 Word版缺答案.doc

    A conflict at work is common. If you can avoid conflict, it means you will win what you want regardless of what the other person wants. Since the potential issue has not been removed, it will simply reappear later. Here are the necessary steps to effectively get rid of conflicts at work.

           ★Be aware of the fact that some conflicts are unavoidable at work. On numerous occasions, conflict and disagreement are likely to happen. But when a conflict happens it's not the end of the world. On the contrary, it can be the beginning of an interesting learning process. Conflicts mean that people care enough to disagree strongly. The trick is not to allow the conflict to go on forever.

           ★ Deal with conflicts sooner rather than later. Solve a conflict when it starts, as it only gets worse with time going by. Conflicts at work arise not from something that was said, but from something that wasn't said! Everyone's waiting for the other to admit he's wrong and gets more unpleasant after the conflict has lasted a while. It's essential to interrupt the "waiting game" before it gets to that point.

           ★ Ask nicely. If somebody has done something that made you angry, or if you don't understand their viewpoint or actions, simply asking nicely about it can make a world of difference.  Never assume that people do what they do to annoy or hurt you. Sometimes there's a good reason why that person does what he or she does, and a potential conflict disappear right there. Do remember to make an inquiry, not an accusation of any sort.

           ★ Appreciate. Praise the other part in the conflict. Tell them why it's worth it to you to solve the conflict. This can be difficult as few people find it easy to praise and appreciate a person they disagree strongly with, but it's a great way to move forward.

    Topic

    How to 1. _________ conflicts at work

    Reason

    Conflicts won't 2. _________ if not dealt with

    3. ________ on

    handling conflicts

    ● Don't be afraid of conflicts which can happen in many 4. ______ and try to resolve a conflict soon or it will get 5. __________

    ●Interrupt the "waiting game" and try to admit your

    6. _________ actively.

    ● Don’t imagine people do something to make you 7. ________ on purpose.

    ● Remember not to 8. ________ others, but ask them nicely about what they do, which may make a difference.

    ● Try to appreciate the other part in the conflict although it is

    9. _________ to do so.

    10.         

    If you learn to do with conflicts, you'll work in joy.

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  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-06-11
    来源: 江苏省张家港市崇真中学2016-2017学年高二下学期英语周考3 Word版含答案.doc

    For thousands of years, the most important two buildings in any British village have been the church and the pub. In fact, until a place has a church and a pubit isn’t really considered a community worthy of a name. Traditionally, the church and the pub are at the heart of any village or town, since it is where people gather to give and receive news. In fact, the word pub' is short for public house.

    That's how it used to be, but things are beginning to change. It is said that the credit decline is causing 39 British pubs a week to go out of business. People dont have lots of spare money to spend on beer. Recently, the UK government banned smoking in all pubs, and that may also have affected the number of customers going to pubs.

    This decline is happening despite the fact that in recent years the UK government has started to allow pubs to stay open after 11 p. m. Previously, with 11 p. m. as closing time, customers would have to drink quite quickly, meaning they sometimes got more drunk than they would if allowed to drink slowly. The British habit of drinking a lot very quickly is known asbinge drinking “, and it causes some long-term health problems for people and problems with violent crime for communities. The UK government is changing the law to discourage binge drinking, and regularly spends money on television advertisements to warn people of the problems of drinking too much.

    In order to save their businesses, pubs are trying to change with the market. Now, there are a number of different types of pubs.

    As you can see, British pubs now offer something for everyone. A lot of pubs used to be
    working men
    ' s clubs, meaning that women could not usually enter. Today, however, women can freely enter 99% of pubs without experiencing any problems. Perhaps things are changing for the better after all.

    Topic

    The (1) ____of British Pub Culture?

    The (2 )____role of churches
    and pubs in people
    ' s
    daily life in the UK

    ♦People won't name an area  (3)____there is a church and a pub.
    ♦They are the places where people gather to
    share news.

    The (4) _______ of
    the decrease of the
    pub business

    ♦The credit decline is said to cause many pubs to (5)____down.

    No smoking is (6)_______ in any pubs, which may have had an

    effect on the business.
    ♦The government is trying hard to
    (7)  _______binge drinking.

    (8)_______ to save
    the business

    ♦Pubs are making changes to (9)____ the needs of the market.
    ♦As a woman in the UK nowadays, you can
    enjoy a drink in
    almost all the pubs.

    (10)_________  

    Things are changing for the better probably from now on.

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  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2017-06-09
    来源: 江苏省张家港高级中学2016-2017学年高二下学期期中考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    Lead poisoning occurs when lead is presented in high level in the blood of a person. It is the most common medical problem found in children. And it’s important to recognize the presence of lead in a child’s body because lead is very harmful.

    Children have the tendency to go around and put things in their mouth like paint. This is one of the main causes of lead poisoning. I also have found that children born in poor families have higher chances of getting exposed to lead. Lead can also be found in old water pipes and food and juice cans.

    Some of the common symptoms of lead poisoning in children are headaches, stomach pain, hair loss, muscle weakness, weight loss, ect.

    Lead poisoning can have severe effects and can lead to heart diseases, kidney diseases and other problems. It can also result in mental retardation and low I.Q. level. There have been cases where lead poisoning proves to be deadly for the child.

    It’s difficult to recognize whether a child is affected with lead poisoning easily, as the symptoms of this disease can occur due to some other medical problems. Therefore, children under the age of 6 should regularly be checked to know the level of lead in their blood, through blood test. It’s possible to completely cure a child with lead poisoning through treatment. Usually, oral medicines are given to the child, while sometimes, they’re injected for reducing the lead level. Children who have very high level of lead in their blood would need treatment for a long period of time and would also be put on a special diet.

    Parents have to take certain measures to lower the chance of lead poisoning in children. Cleaning the house regularly and removing shoes at the door, after coming from outside, will prevent the lead particles(微粒) from entering the house. Children should be put on a healthy diet, containing high proportions (比例) of calcium and iron, such as eggs, milk, fruits, potatoes, ect. which helps to keep the lead level in control, in the child’s body. In short, parents should be careful and protect their children from the horrible consequences of lead poisoning.

    Lead Poisoning in Children

    Paragraph outline

                         Supporting  details          

    Introduction

    • A person is ____76____ by lead when it is presented in high levels in the blood.

    •Lead poisoning is not a(n) ___77____ medical problem in children.

    Causes

    • Children may put harmful things in their mouth.

    • Children from poor families are more likely to have ___78___ to lead.

    • Lead can be contained in old water pipes, food and juice cans

    _____79____

    Headaches, stomach pain, hair loss, muscle weakness, weight loss, ect.

    _____80___

    • It can lead to several kindsof diseases.

    • It can ___81____ mental retardation and low I.Q. level.

    Treatment

    • Children below six should receive ___82____ check to know the lead level.

    • Children take oral medicines or receive an injection to ___83___ the lead level.

    • Children with high level of lead should be___84____for a long time and have a special diet.

    Prevention

    • Clean the house and remove shoes at the door after coming from outside.

    • Give children a _____85___ of healthy food.

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  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2017-06-09
    来源: 江苏省盐城市时杨中学2016-2017学年高一下学期期中考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    To make our digestive (消化的) system work well, we should avoid doing some things after having a meal, for example, drinking water. It is true that a person should drink 8 glasses of water every day to stay healthy. However, drinking water right after eating or even during a meal may disrupt (扰乱) digestion. It might affect on the natural levels of acid and bile (酸和胆汁) that are necessary for proper digestion. What’s more, drinking cold water after eating might slow down (减慢)digestion. So try to avoid drinking water at least an hour after a meal, and avoid drinking it while eating.

    Though walking after eating is healthy, doing it immediately after a meal is not. Doing so will make it difficult for the digestive system to take in nutrients (营养) from the food. Besides, the blood will flow towards other parts of the body, like legs, hands, etc., which will make the digestive tract not have enough amount of blood flow that is needed for proper digestion. So we should wait for at least 2 hours after eating, and then begin exercising.

    Sleeping should also be avoided right after eating. This is because going to bed right after a meal will lead to improper digestion. What’s more, such a habit will also make you put on a lot of weight. Therefore, wait for an hour or two, and then go to sleep.

    Many of us have the habit of drinking tea just after lunch or dinner, which is really unhealthy. The tea leaves are rich in acid which prevents the protein in the food from digesting. The best time to drink tea is at least one hour after eating.

    Eating fruits right after a meal may fill the stomach with air and cause discomfort. They will also take time to reach the digestive tract, disturbing the entire process of digestion. To protect your stomach from digestive problems, eat fruits before or after 1-2 hours of a meal.

    In a word, if you avoid doing all the above things after eating, you will surely make your digestion easy, and you will be less likely to have digestive problems.

    Things to avoid immediately after eating

    Drinking

    water

    ● Drinking water immediately after eating or during a meal may disrupt digestion, which might (71)____________ on the natural levels of acid and bile.

    ● Drinking cold water after eating probably reduces(减少)the (72) ____________ of digestion.

    ● Don’t drink water until at least an hour has passed after a meal.

    Going for

    a walk

    ● If we walk right after a meal, our digestive system will have (73) ____________ taking in nutrients from the food.

    ● Walking right after a meal will make the digestive tract not have  (74) _________ amount of blood flow that is needed for proper digestion.  

    ● Don’t (75) ____________ out within two hours after eating.

    (76) ____________

    ● Going to bed right after eating will (77) ____________ in improper digestion.

    ● Going to bed right after eating can cause one to (78) ____________ weight.

    Drinking

    tea

    ● The tea leaves are rich in acid, (79) ___________ prevents the protein in the food from digesting.

    ● Drink tea at least one hour after eating.

    Eating fruits

    ● Eating fruits right after a meal may fill the stomach with air and make you feel (80) ____________.

    ● Fruits should be eaten before or after 1-2 hours of a meal.

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  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2017-06-08
    来源: 江苏省启东中学2016-2017学年高一下学期期中考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    If your determination for the new year is typical, it probably includes a commitment to lose weight. But if you are like most Americans, any success you have cutting pounds will be short-lived, and you’ll end the year weighing more than you do right now.

       So why are Americans addicted to weight loss? Many people say they want to lose weight to improve their health, but this may not actually be their primary motivation. In one of the more interesting surveys I’ve seen, more than three-fourths of the 231 dieters surveyed said that they would take a pill that would guarantee they would achieve or maintain their desired weight even if it would lower their life expectancy. On average, they were willing to give up 5.7 years.

    These findings may seem puzzling, but they are not so surprising when you consider weight-loss attempts for what they really are: efforts to protect against weight-based discrimination.

    Yale researchers have shown that weight discrimination in the US has increased dramatically in the last decade and is now comparable in prevalence (普遍) to rates of reported racial discrimination, especially among women.

    Multiple studies have documented weight prejudice in employment, healthcare, education and public spaces – unequal treatment based on stereotyping (模式化) fat people as lazy, unmotivated, sloppy and lacking in self-control and competence.

    When I was doing research for a book on the social understanding of fat, several heavy women told me they were often blamed for eating in public. Some tearfully shared stories of having had people actually throw food at them. Heavy women are routinely teased in advertisements, television and film.

    Of course, there are genuine health risks associated with higher body mass. The clearest case is that of Type 2 diabetes, which becomes more likely as weight goes up.

    It is clear that anti-fat prejudice in and of itself has a bad effect on public health in ways many may not suspect.

    Fear of tease leads many heavier women to avoid exercising in public or even – when they are very heavy – to avoid leaving their homes, taking away social interaction from them. And the fear of becoming fat can lead women of all sizes to develop eating disorders that can reduce their lives and be dangerous to their health.

    What should be done about weight-based discrimination? The answer is to call for increasing tolerance and appreciation of diverse body types.

    This year, before setting about another diet, ask yourself why you want to lose weight. If it is to improve your health, perhaps you should pay attention to health-increasing behaviors that are more directly linked to health: swear, for example, to get more sleep, eat more fruits and vegetables, get regular physical activity, or spend more time with friends.

    But if you are trying to change your body to protect against discrimination and shame, consider making a different kind of new year’s determination: to stand up to intolerance and prejudice in all its various forms.

    A puzzling phenomenon

    Americans are addicted to weight loss, though their efforts always end in (71)____________.

    (72)___________

    for Americans’

    addiction

    to weight loss

         They want to improve their health. Higher body mass poses risks to health.

         Americans lose weight primarily to protect against weight-based discrimination.

    Weight-based discrimination and

    its

    (73)___________

    ◆ Weight discrimination in the US has increased dramatically in the last decade, and it is quite common, (74)____________ with rates of reported racial discrimination.

    ◆ Fat people are (75)____________ treated in many ways, stereotyped as lazy, unmotivated, untidy, lacking in competence and unable to (76)____________ themselves.

    ◆ Antifat prejudice in and of itself has a bad effect on public health. Fear of tease leads many heavier women to avoid exercising in public and to be prevented from social interaction; The fear of becoming fat (77)____________ for women of all sizes developing eating disorders.

    (78)___________

    ◆ (79)____________ and appreciate diverse body types.

    ◆ If you are to improve your health, (80)__________ on health-increasing behaviors.

    ◆ Make a different kind of determination, if you are to protect against discrimination and shame: to resist intolerance and prejudices, in all its various forms.

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    来源: 江苏省启东中学2016-2017学年高二下学期期中考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    About Social Work

           If helping people out is your thing, then social work is the field for you. Of course, just being polite and holding the door open for others won’t be classified as professional work. Social work involves giving back to society a little bit of what you feel you owe to it.

           It is often divided into two different branches. You can either help society physically of financially. Some people who do not have money to give back contribute with their time and energy. There are several cases where we see that people go for teaching poor children and conducting drives on social awareness. Many others, with more money but less time, prefer financing social work bodies by handing out large sums of money as donations to help them run.

           An attitude of service is important as the point of social work is to help people grow. It is all about serving people who are financially difficult and need your support to be able to work on the same basis with the rest of the world.

           The people that social workers are serving are clearly for one reason or the other, disadvantaged. By helping out, the basic idea is to reduce this difference between them and the rest of the world. So the person who has taken on the task needs to keep in mind that ensuring equality is an important part of their work. It needs to be done with the goal of making sure that at the end of it, every person has an equal chance.

           Integrity(正直)is one of the central values because it is integrity itself that reflects the true spirit of social work. Integrity is a feeling which is borne out of moral correctness and the need to keep to one’s value systems. When integrity is made a part of the central values, only then can the social work be considered a success.

           Gone are the days when this was left to those with little time and few skills which a great success can be made out of in the job market. Social service today requires a great deal of ability, hard work and a drive to do things better, much as is the case with any teamwork. An unskillful person most certainly cannot go, nor is any less than the best performance demanded by those who are in it.

           The field of social work is a job that needs much skill nowadays and it requires nothing but the best performers. But all through, one should remember the central value of the existence of social work, which is to help the poor so that they too may become able world citizens.

    About Social Work

    Two (91) ___________ that people contribute to society

    Some people help society (92) ___________.

    Some people, especially the (93) ___________, donate money to help others.

    Good (94) ___________ needed to be a first-class social worker

    You should hold an attitude of (95) ___________ and keep it in mind.

    It’s important to make sure everyone enjoys (96) ___________ in terms of chances.

    Integrity can decide whether your social work is (97) __________.

    You need to have the (98) ___________ to meet the requirements of today’s social work.

    The thing that social workers need to (99) ____.

    To help the poor become able world citizens is the (100) _________ value of social work.

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  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2017-06-07
    来源: 江苏省姜堰中学 如东中学 沭阳中学 前黄中学四校联考2017届高三二模适应性考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    If you have a daughter, take the time to read this. It could save her a lot of heartache. Not to mention stomach aches, headaches, missed days of school, lower grades, eating issues and depression.

    The sad truth is that every school, whether public or private, has mean girls. I bet you can still even remember who they are from your school. As a school consultant and mother of three daughters, I know firsthand both personally and professionallyhow much it hurts when girls are targeted by bullies (恃强凌弱者).

    The old saying “sticks and stones may break my bones, but words will never hurt me,” couldn’t be further from the truth. While boys usually bully through intimidation (胁迫), girls bully through exclusion, also called relational aggression. Here's an example of a case of relational bullying, taken from my experience as a school consultant:

    “Heather” was miserable because a girl in her class, “Leslie,” was not only saying mean things to her face, but getting the other girls in the class to exclude her with the age old line “You can’t be friends with me, if you’re friends with her.” In our sessions, Heather would complain that she didn’t have anyone to play with because girls were afraid that if they hung around her they’d become Leslie’s next target.

    In order to improve the situation, I had to not only reduce the power Leslie had, but empower Heather as well. Here are some ideas that helped, adapted for use by parents:

        Ask for specifics when your daughter mentions bullying. Who? Where? How?

        Tell the principal and classroom teacher the specifics of how she is being bullied. Have them tell other teachers (i.e., gym, art, music), hallway monitors and cafeteria staff so that everyone who comes in contact with her can be on the lookout and ready to interfere.

        Explain to her that reporting an incident is not the same as tattling (打小报告), and have her tell an adult at school when she is being bullied.

        Teach her to convey self-confidence by walking confidently, with her head up. Bullies target those they think are weaker.

        Arrange opportunities for your daughter to socialize with her friends outside of school to help her maintain a strong social support system.

    In Heather's case, these steps relieved the problem. But because it’s tougher to catch girl bullies, it’s extremely important for girls to tell an adult if they are being bullied. Unlike boys, who usually bully physically, mean girls often spread rumors, whisper as their target walks by, talk loudly about a party she wasn’t invited to, give her the silent treatment, and as discussed above, tell others not to be friends with her. School personnel are there to help, but in order to do anything they must know a problem exists!    

    Bullying from mean girls

    Passage outline

    Supporting details

    Different forms of girl bullying

    ◇refusing to (71) ______ someone in groups

    (72) ______ others not to befriend someone

    ◇spreading rumors about someone

    ◇treating someone with (73) ______

    Bad effects of girl bullying

    ◇causing the victims to suffer both physically and (74) ______

    ◇leading to the (75) ______ in the victims’ school performance

    (76) ______ on fighting against girl bullying

    ◇Get (77) ______ information about the bullying.

    ◇Inform the school staff to interfere with bullying.

    ◇Encourage kids to (78) ______ help when bullied.

    ◇Develop confidence in your kids to (79) ______ showing weakness.

    ◇Help kids to gain support by (80) ______ with friends.

    Conclusion

    The problem of girl bullying can be solved by joint effort.

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  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2017-06-07
    来源: 江苏省大丰市新丰中学2016-2017学年高一下学期期中考试英语试题 Word版含答案.doc

    School failure is a process in which a student slips farther and farther behind his peers(同龄人)and gradually disconnects from the educational system. The end result of school failure is leaving school before graduation. Many cases of school failure happen among students who have the ability and intelligence to succeed but are not able or willing to apply these abilities in the school setting.

    People who fail in school may feel “stupid”, but emotional or mental health problems and “hidden” learning disorders, not low intelligence, often are the root causes of their inability to meet the standards of a school. The following are some factors that can lead to school failure.

    Depression is one of the most common causes of school difficulties. It is a condition that makes people trapped in low spirits for long periods of time, have less energy, and lose interest in studies that normally give them pleasure.

    Anxiety is a feeling of excessive worry about a possible danger or an uncomfortable situation that is intense enough to interfere with(妨碍)a person’s ability to concentrate and focus.

    Students also may bring their problems at home to school with them. If a student’s family is experiencing violence, unemployment, or any other upsetting situation, it can be difficult for him to concentrate on schoolwork. Many students who are having family problems might have trouble controlling their anger and frustration at school, and they may end up in trouble because of their behavior.

    Learning disorders are conditions that interfere with gaining specific academic skills, such as reading or writing. Learning disorders can damage a person’s ability to process or remember information.

    Students at risk of school failure need to be identified as early as possible in their school careers if they are to receive the help they need. This task usually falls to the teachers and parents. Parents can help by taking a genuine interest in their children’s school life and attending school events. They should take seriously sudden changes in their children’s behavior, sleeping, or eating. Besides, they should help their child identify what he or she is bad at or good at.

    On the other hand, there are a lot of things teachers can do to help those students who fail in school. For example, they can develop learning plans that support the students’ strengths, carry out evaluations about their possible learning disabilities, support their learning by teaching them how to study, and encourage them to participate in school activities, such as sports, plays, or clubs, so that they feel they are a part of the school.

    School failure

    The concept of school failure

    School failure refers to a process where a student falls behind others and becomes gradually 71.  ▲    from the educational system.

    It can result in a student 72.  ▲   school early at last.

    The 73.  ▲   leading to school failure

    Some students feel depressed, thus becoming less 74.  ▲   and less interested in studies.

    Some students can’t keep 75.  ▲   on studies due to their anxiety.

    Many students with family problems might have trouble at school.

    Learning disorders can make students unable to perform well 76.  ▲  .

    Tips for parents

    Show your 77.  ▲   about your child’s school life.

    Don’t 78.  ▲   sudden changes in the child’s behavior, sleeping or eating.

    Help to identify the child’s weaknesses and strengths.

    Tips for teachers

    Develop learning plans to support the students’ strengths.79.  ▲   the students’ possible learning disabilities.

    Teach study skills to support the students’ learning.

    Involve the students in school activities to make them have a sense of 80.  ▲  .

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